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Global Exploration

This general category includes a selection of more specific topics.

Global Exploration Encyclopedia Articles

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Sir Francis Drake
Sir Francis Drake, English admiral who circumnavigated the globe (1577–80) and was the most renowned seaman of the Elizabethan Age. Born on the Crowndale estate of Lord Francis Russell, 2nd earl of Bedford, Drake’s father, Edmund Drake, was the son of one of the latter’s tenant farmers. Edmund fled...
Biography
Jodocus Hondius: Sir Francis Drake
Baroque art and architecture
Baroque art and architecture, the visual arts and building design and construction produced during the era in the history of Western art that roughly coincides with the 17th century. The earliest manifestations, which occurred in Italy, date from the latter decades of the 16th century, while in...
Encyclopedia / Global Exploration
Baroque coffered ceiling of the cupola of S. Carlo alle Quattro Fontane, Rome, designed by Francesco Borromini, 1638–41.
Ann Bancroft
Ann Bancroft, American explorer who was the first woman to participate in and successfully finish several arduous expeditions to the Arctic and Antarctic. Bancroft grew up in rural Minnesota in what she described as a family of risk takers. Although she struggled with a learning disability, she...
Biography
René-Robert Cavelier, sieur de La Salle
René-Robert Cavelier, sieur de La Salle, French explorer in North America, who led an expedition down the Illinois and Mississippi rivers and claimed all the region watered by the Mississippi and its tributaries for Louis XIV of France, naming the region “Louisiana.” A few years later, in a...
Biography
René-Robert Cavelier, sieur de La Salle.
Abel Tasman
Abel Tasman, greatest of the Dutch navigators and explorers, who was the first European to sight Tasmania, New Zealand, Tonga, and the Fiji Islands. On his first voyage (1642–43) in the service of the Dutch East India Company, Tasman explored the Indian Ocean, Australasia, and the southern Pacific;...
Biography
Tasman, Abel Janszoon
David Livingstone
David Livingstone, Scottish missionary and explorer who exercised a formative influence on Western attitudes toward Africa. Livingstone grew up in a distinctively Scottish family environment of personal piety, poverty, hard work, zeal for education, and a sense of mission. His father’s family was...
Biography
David Livingstone.
Lewis and Clark Expedition
Lewis and Clark Expedition, (1804–06), U.S. military expedition, led by Capt. Meriwether Lewis and Lieut. William Clark, to explore the Louisiana Purchase and the Pacific Northwest. The expedition was a major chapter in the history of American exploration. On January 18, 1803, U.S. Pres. Thomas...
Encyclopedia / Global Exploration
Lewis and Clark Expedition
Alexander von Humboldt
Alexander von Humboldt, German naturalist and explorer who was a major figure in the classical period of physical geography and biogeography—areas of science now included in the earth sciences and ecology. With his book Kosmos he made a valuable contribution to the popularization of science. The...
Biography
Alexander von Humboldt, oil painting by Friedrich Georg Weitsch, 1806; in the National Museums in Berlin.
Christopher Columbus
Christopher Columbus, master navigator and admiral whose four transatlantic voyages (1492–93, 1493–96, 1498–1500, and 1502–04) opened the way for European exploration, exploitation, and colonization of the Americas. He has long been called the “discoverer” of the New World, although Vikings such as...
Biography
Christopher Columbus
Western colonialism
Western colonialism, a political-economic phenomenon whereby various European nations explored, conquered, settled, and exploited large areas of the world. The age of modern colonialism began about 1500, following the European discoveries of a sea route around Africa’s southern coast (1488) and of...
Encyclopedia / Global Exploration
European exploration
European exploration, exploration of regions of Earth for scientific, commercial, religious, military, and other purposes by Europeans, beginning about the 4th century bce. The motives that spur human beings to examine their environment are many. Strong among them are the satisfaction of curiosity,...
Encyclopedia / Global Exploration
European exploration: early voyages
Leif Erikson
Leif Erikson, Norse explorer widely held to have been the first European to reach the shores of North America. The 13th- and 14th-century Icelandic accounts of his life show that he was a member of an early voyage to North America, although he may not have been the first to sight its coast. The...
Biography
Leif Eriksson Discovers America
American frontier
American frontier, in United States history, the advancing border that marked those lands that had been settled by Europeans. It is characterized by the westward movement of European settlers from the original Atlantic coast (17th century) to the Far West (19th century). The term frontier has been...
Encyclopedia / Global Exploration
Currier & Ives: The Rocky Mountains: Emigrants Crossing the Plains
William Clark
William Clark, American frontiersman who won fame as an explorer by sharing with Meriwether Lewis the leadership of their epic expedition to the Pacific Northwest (1804–06). He later played an essential role in the development of the Missouri Territory and was superintendent of Indian affairs at...
Biography
William Clark
Meriwether Lewis
Meriwether Lewis, American explorer, who with William Clark led the Lewis and Clark Expedition through the uncharted American interior to the Pacific Northwest in 1804–06. He later served as governor of Upper Louisiana Territory. Born to William Lewis and Lucy Meriwether, Meriwether Lewis grew up...
Biography
Lewis, Meriwether

Global Exploration Encyclopedia Articles

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