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  • Burned-Over District (region, United States)

    United States: The Midland: …especially within the early 19th-century “Burned-Over District,” around the Finger Lakes and Genesee areas of central and western New York. This locality, the seedbed for a number of important social innovations, was a major staging area for westward migration and possibly a major source for the people and notions that…

  • Burnell, Robert (British administrator)

    Edward I: Accession and character: …Mortimer, and his trusted clerk Robert Burnell to safeguard his interests during his absence. After Henry’s funeral, the English barons all swore fealty to Edward (November 20, 1272). His succession by hereditary right and the will of his magnates was proclaimed, and England welcomed the new reign peacefully, Burnell taking…

  • burner (balloon component)

    balloon flight: Elements of balloon flight: Hot-air balloon burners use vaporizing coils to preheat the fuel for efficient combustion. Most of these coils are made of stainless steel, but copper coils also work adequately. The burners are mounted, often on gimbals, on the suspension concentration ring between the basket and the mouth of…

  • burner (technology)

    jet engine: Turboramjets: …undergoes combustion in the ramjet burner when it mixes with the fresh air entering via the bypass stream from the fan.

  • Burnes, Sir Alexander (British explorer)

    Sir Alexander Burnes, British explorer and diplomat (of the same family as the poet Robert Burns) who gained renown for his explorations in what are now Pakistan, Afghanistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, and Iran. For his accomplishments he was knighted in 1839. Burnes became interested in the

  • burnet (plant)

    Burnet, (genus Sanguisorba), genus of about 35 species of perennial herbs in the rose family (Rosaceae), native to the north temperate zone. Some species—notably the garden, or salad, burnet (Sanguisorba minor) and the great burnet (S. officinalis)—are eaten in salads or used as an ingredient in

  • Burnet, Gilbert (English bishop)

    John Wilmot, 2nd earl of Rochester: …stimulated by his friendship with Gilbert Burnet, later bishop of Salisbury. Burnet recorded their religious discussions in Some Passages of the Life and Death of John, Earl of Rochester (1680). In 1680 he became seriously ill and experienced a religious conversion, followed by a recantation of his past; he ordered…

  • Burnet, Sir Frank Macfarlane (Australian physician)

    Sir Macfarlane Burnet, Australian physician, immunologist, and virologist who, with Sir Peter Medawar, was awarded the 1960 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine for the discovery of acquired immunological tolerance, the concept on which tissue transplantation is founded. Burnet received his

  • Burnet, Sir Macfarlane (Australian physician)

    Sir Macfarlane Burnet, Australian physician, immunologist, and virologist who, with Sir Peter Medawar, was awarded the 1960 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine for the discovery of acquired immunological tolerance, the concept on which tissue transplantation is founded. Burnet received his

  • Burnett River (river, Australia)

    Burnett River, river in southeastern Queensland, Australia, rising on the western slope of the Burnett Range, east of the Eastern Highlands. The river flows southwest to Eidsvold and turns east at Mundubbera and then northeast through Gayndah and Bundaberg to enter the Pacific Ocean at Burnett

  • Burnett, Carol (American comedian and actress)

    Carol Burnett, American comedian and actress who starred in a long-running eponymous television variety show in the 1960s and ’70s. As a young girl growing up during the Great Depression, Burnett spent many hours in movie theatres, developing a love for motion pictures and a desire to act. She

  • Burnett, Carol Creighton (American comedian and actress)

    Carol Burnett, American comedian and actress who starred in a long-running eponymous television variety show in the 1960s and ’70s. As a young girl growing up during the Great Depression, Burnett spent many hours in movie theatres, developing a love for motion pictures and a desire to act. She

  • Burnett, Charles (American filmmaker)

    Charles Burnett, American filmmaker who gained critical acclaim for his realistic and intimate portrayals of African American families. Burnett’s films, most of which he wrote as well as directed, were revered by critics yet rarely enjoyed any commercial success. Two of his movies were added to the

  • Burnett, Chester Arthur (American musician)

    Howlin’ Wolf, American blues singer and composer who was one of the principal exponents of the urban blues style of Chicago. Burnett was brought up on a cotton plantation, and the music he heard was the traditional tunes of the region. He started singing professionally when quite young and in the

  • Burnett, Frances Hodgson (American author)

    Frances Hodgson Burnett, American playwright and author who wrote the popular novel Little Lord Fauntleroy. Frances Hodgson grew up in increasingly straitened circumstances after the death of her father in 1854. In 1865 the family immigrated to the United States and settled in New Market, near

  • Burnett, James Mark (British author and television producer and director)

    Mark Burnett, English author and television producer and director, best known for introducing Survivor and several other successful reality television shows to the United States. After completing missions with the British Parachute Regiment in the Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas) and Northern

  • Burnett, James, Lord Monboddo (Scottish jurist and anthropologist)

    James Burnett, Lord Monboddo, Scottish jurist and pioneer anthropologist who explored the origins of language and society and anticipated principles of Darwinian evolution. Monboddo’s main work, Of the Origin and Progress of Language (6 vol., 1773–92), contains a vast body of curious lore on the

  • Burnett, Jesse (American boxer)

    Víctor Galíndez: …the other by the American Jesse Burnett. His career record was 55 wins (34 by knockout), 9 losses, and 1 draw.

  • Burnett, Joseph Henry (American producer and musician)

    T Bone Burnett, American producer and musician, one of popular music’s most prolific and successful producers, known for his work in a wide range of genres including rock, country, and folk. Burnett spent his childhood in Fort Worth, Texas, and it was there that he acquired the nickname “T Bone”

  • Burnett, Leo (American advertising executive)

    Leo Burnett, pioneer American advertising executive who founded a worldwide agency that ranks among the giants of the industry. Burnett was a journalism major at the University of Michigan, who got his first job as a reporter on the Peoria (Ill.) Journal. He then wrote advertising copy for two auto

  • Burnett, Mark (British author and television producer and director)

    Mark Burnett, English author and television producer and director, best known for introducing Survivor and several other successful reality television shows to the United States. After completing missions with the British Parachute Regiment in the Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas) and Northern

  • Burnett, T Bone (American producer and musician)

    T Bone Burnett, American producer and musician, one of popular music’s most prolific and successful producers, known for his work in a wide range of genres including rock, country, and folk. Burnett spent his childhood in Fort Worth, Texas, and it was there that he acquired the nickname “T Bone”

  • Burnett, W. R. (American author)

    hard-boiled fiction: …and Eye Witness (1950), and W.R. Burnett (1899–1982), who wrote Little Caesar (1929) and The Asphalt Jungle (1949). Hard-boiled fiction ultimately degenerated into the extreme sensationalism and undisguised sadism of what Ellery Queen’s Mystery Magazine called the “guts-gore-and-gals-school,” as found in the works of Mickey Spillane, writer of such phenomenal…

  • Burney mission (Thailand history)

    Rama III: …British demands presented by the Burney mission (1826) and conclude a treaty that established regular trade with the West but yielded none of Siam’s independence.

  • Burney, Charles (British musician and historian)

    Charles Burney, organist, composer, and the foremost music historian of his time in England. After attending Chester Free School (1739–42), Burney returned to Shrewsbury, assisted his half-brother, a church organist, and learned violin and French. In 1744 he began a musical apprenticeship with

  • Burney, Fanny (British author)

    Fanny Burney, English novelist and letter writer, who was the author of Evelina, a landmark in the development of the novel of manners. Fanny was the daughter of musician Charles Burney. She educated herself by omnivorous reading at home. Her literary apprenticeship was much influenced by her

  • Burney, Frances (British author)

    Fanny Burney, English novelist and letter writer, who was the author of Evelina, a landmark in the development of the novel of manners. Fanny was the daughter of musician Charles Burney. She educated herself by omnivorous reading at home. Her literary apprenticeship was much influenced by her

  • Burney, Leroy Edgar (United States official and surgeon)

    Leroy Edgar Burney, American physician who, as surgeon general of the U.S. Public Health Service from 1956 to 1961, became the first federal official to name smoking as a cause of lung cancer (b. Dec. 31, 1906, Burney, Ind.--d. July 31, 1998, Arlington Heights,

  • Burney, Venetia Katharine Douglas (British amateur astronomer)

    Venetia Phair, (Venetia Katharine Douglas Burney), British amateur astronomer (born July 11, 1918, Oxford, Eng.—died April 30, 2009, Banstead, Surrey, Eng.), suggested the name Pluto in 1930 for the newly identified planet located beyond Neptune. Eleven-year-old Venetia Burney was living with her

  • Burnham & Root (American architect)

    John Wellborn Root, architect, one of the greatest practitioners in the Chicago school of commercial American architecture. His works are among the most distinguished early attempts at a mature aesthetic expression of the height and the function of the skyscraper. Sent to England for safety during

  • Burnham & Root (American architect)

    Daniel Burnham, American architect and urban planner whose impact on the American city was substantial. He was instrumental in the development of the skyscraper and was noted for his highly successful management of the World’s Columbian Exposition of 1893 and his ideas about urban planning. Burnham

  • Burnham of Hall Barn, Beaconsfield, Edward Levy-Lawson, 1st Baron (British newspaper editor and proprietor)

    Edward Levy-Lawson, 1st Baron Burnham, English newspaper proprietor who virtually created the London Daily Telegraph. He was educated at University College school. His father, Joseph Moses Levy, acquired the Daily Telegraph and Courier in 1855, a few months after it was founded by Colonel Sleigh.

  • Burnham Plan (work by Burnham and Bennett)

    City Beautiful movement: …for Chicago, published as the Plan of Chicago and also known as the Burnham Plan. The plan involved a 60-mile (95-kilometre) radius in which avenues would extend out from a civic centre. It included an extensive rail system, a bi-level boulevard for commercial and regular traffic (what is now Wacker…

  • Burnham’s Celestial Handbook (work by Burnham)

    astronomical map: Atlases for stargazing: Burnham’s Celestial Handbook (1978) contains comprehensive descriptions of thousands of astronomical objects. The Observer’s Handbook, published annually by the Royal Astronomical Society of Canada, lists valuable information for locating and observing a wide range of astronomical phenomena.

  • Burnham, Daniel (American architect)

    Daniel Burnham, American architect and urban planner whose impact on the American city was substantial. He was instrumental in the development of the skyscraper and was noted for his highly successful management of the World’s Columbian Exposition of 1893 and his ideas about urban planning. Burnham

  • Burnham, Daniel Hudson (American architect)

    Daniel Burnham, American architect and urban planner whose impact on the American city was substantial. He was instrumental in the development of the skyscraper and was noted for his highly successful management of the World’s Columbian Exposition of 1893 and his ideas about urban planning. Burnham

  • Burnham, Edward Levy-Lawson, 1st Baron (British newspaper editor and proprietor)

    Edward Levy-Lawson, 1st Baron Burnham, English newspaper proprietor who virtually created the London Daily Telegraph. He was educated at University College school. His father, Joseph Moses Levy, acquired the Daily Telegraph and Courier in 1855, a few months after it was founded by Colonel Sleigh.

  • Burnham, Forbes (president of Guyana)

    Forbes Burnham, prime minister of Guyana (until 1966, British Guiana) from 1964 to 1980 and president from 1980 to 1985. Burnham received a law degree from the University of London in 1947, returned home in 1949, and formed the People’s Progressive Party the following year together with Cheddi

  • Burnham, Hugo (British musician)

    Gang of Four: February 1, 2020), Hugo Burnham (b. March 25, 1956, London), and Dave Allen (b. December 23, 1955, Kendal, Cumbria).

  • Burnham, Linden Forbes Sampson (president of Guyana)

    Forbes Burnham, prime minister of Guyana (until 1966, British Guiana) from 1964 to 1980 and president from 1980 to 1985. Burnham received a law degree from the University of London in 1947, returned home in 1949, and formed the People’s Progressive Party the following year together with Cheddi

  • Burnham-on-Crouch (England, United Kingdom)

    Burnham-on-Crouch, town (parish), Maldon district, administrative and historic county of Essex, eastern England. The town lies on the left bank of the River Crouch, 5 miles (8 km) inland from the North Sea. There are many oyster beds in the river’s estuary, which opens out just below

  • Burnie (Tasmania, Australia)

    Burnie, city and port, northern Tasmania, Australia. Burnie is situated on Emu Bay, an inlet of Bass Strait, at the mouth of the Emu River. Established in the late 1820s by the Van Diemen’s Land Company as Emu Bay Settlement, the settlement was renamed to honour a company director, William Burnie,

  • burning at the stake (capital punishment)

    Burning at the stake, a method of execution practiced in Babylonia and ancient Israel and later adopted in Europe and North America. Spanish heretics suffered this penalty during the Inquisition, as did French disbelievers and heretics such as St. Joan of Arc, who was condemned and burned in 1431

  • Burning Brand: Diaries 1935-1950, The (work by Pavese)

    Cesare Pavese: …Business of Living, New York, The Burning Brand: Diaries 1935–1950, both 1961).

  • burning bush (plant variety, Kochia scoparia)

    Bassia: One variety, known as firebush or burning bush, is a globe-shaped subshrub with narrow hairy leaves that turn purplish red in autumn; it is often grown as an ornamental summer hedge.

  • burning bush (plant species)

    Gas plant, (Dictamnus albus), gland-covered herb of the rue family (Rutaceae). Gas plant is native to Eurasia and is grown as an ornamental in many places. The flowers (white or pink) and the leaves give off a strong aromatic vapour that can be ignited—hence the names gas plant and burning bush.

  • burning bush (biblical literature)

    Moses: Moses in Midian: …attention was attracted by a flaming bush, but, oddly, it was not consumed. He had seen bushes brilliant with flamelike blossoms, but this phenomenon was different, and so he turned aside to investigate it. Before he could do so, he was warned to come no closer. Then he was ordered…

  • Burning Bush (work by Froment)

    Nicolas Froment: The Burning Bush (1475–76), which illustrates his application of the Flemish style to the legends and landscape of Provence, is perhaps Froment’s most illustrious work. The painting was done for King René of Anjou and depicts the king and his wife with several saints.

  • burning bush (plant)

    Burning bush, any of several plants so called for their striking fall foliage, brilliant flower display, or emission of a volatile flammable vapour. Many are cultivated as garden ornamentals. One of the most popular burning bushes planted for fall colour is Euonymus atropurpureus, also called

  • Burning Bush, The (work by Undset)

    Norwegian literature: Poetry and the novel: …and Den br?ndende busk (1930; The Burning Bush), were overtly influenced by her conversion to Roman Catholicism. Olav Duun, also of the midnorth region, revealed his insight into life as endless conflict in a six-volume novel cycle about the development of a peasant family through four generations—Juvikfolke (1918–23; The People…

  • Burning Chrome (story by Gibson)

    William Gibson: …Mnemonic (1981; film 1995) and Burning Chrome (1982), were published in Omni magazine. With the publication of his first novel, Neuromancer (1984), Gibson emerged as a leading exponent of cyberpunk, a new school of science-fiction writing. Cyberpunk combines a cynical, tough “punk” sensibility with futuristic cybernetic (i.e., having to do…

  • Burning Daylight (novel by London)

    Jack London: … (1903), White Fang (1906), and Burning Daylight (1910), in which he dramatized in turn atavism, adaptability, and the appeal of the wilderness, are outstanding. His short story “To Build a Fire” (1908), set in the Klondike, is a masterly depiction of humankind’s inability to overcome nature; it was reprinted in…

  • Burning Love (recording by Presley)

    Elvis Presley: …last number one and “Burning Love” (1972) his final Top Ten entry. But, thanks to the concerts, spectaculars best described by critic Jon Landau as an apotheosis of American musical comedy, he remained a big money earner. He now lacked the ambition and power of his early work, but…

  • Burning Man (festival, Nevada, United States)

    Burning Man, late-summer arts festival and adventure in the establishment of expressive communities, held annually in the Black Rock Desert, northwestern Nevada, U.S. Burning Man was inaugurated in 1986, when Larry Harvey and Jerry James—two members of the San Francisco arts community—burned an

  • Burning Mountain (mountain, New South Wales, Australia)

    Scone: A local curiosity is Mount Wingen, or Burning Mountain, 1,800 feet (550 metres) high; a cleft in its side emits smoke from an underground coal seam that has been smoldering for thousands of years, thought to have been originally ignited by a brushfire. Pop. (2006) urban centre, 4,624; (2011)…

  • burning of the books (Chinese history)

    Mao Chang: …dynasty (221–206 bc), a massive burning of books took place in which most copies of the Confucian classics were destroyed. After the founding of the Han dynasty (206 bc–ad 220), an intensive campaign was undertaken to replace the classics; older scholars who had memorized these works in their entirety provided…

  • burning one (angel)

    Seraph, in Jewish, Christian, and Islamic literature, celestial being variously described as having two or three pairs of wings and serving as a throne guardian of God. Often called the burning ones, seraphim in the Old Testament appear in the Temple vision of the prophet Isaiah as six-winged

  • Burning Patience (novel by Skármeta)

    Antonio Skármeta: He followed these with Ardiente paciencia, a novel that tells the story of an extraordinary friendship that develops between the Chilean poet Pablo Neruda, living in exile, and his postman. Ardiente paciencia subsequently became Skármeta’s most popular work. It was translated into 20 languages and was adapted for the…

  • Burning Plain, The (short stories by Rulfo)

    The Burning Plain, a collection of short stories (one of the same name) by Juan Rulfo, published in 1953. In his collection of short stories Rulfo was recognized as a master. Post-revolutionary scenes in Llano Grande in the state of Jalisco overcome the rural limitations of these tales about the

  • Burning Water (work by Bowering)

    Canadian literature: Fiction: George Bowering’s Burning Water (1980), which focuses on the 18th-century explorer George Vancouver, and Michael Ondaatje’s Coming Through Slaughter (1976), the story of the jazz musician Buddy Bolden, mingle history with autobiography in self-reflexive narratives that enact the process of writing. Ranging from 1920s Toronto (In the

  • Burning Wheat (work by Gropper)

    William Gropper: …dominated works such as “Burning Wheat” (on the Depression agricultural program) and “The Shoemaker” (on the poverty of the working class). He later painted a mural at the Department of the Interior building in Washington, D.C.

  • burnishing

    pottery: Burnishing and polishing: When the clay used in early pottery was exceptionally fine, it was sometimes polished or burnished after firing. Such pottery—dating back to 6500 and 2000 bce—has been excavated in Turkey and the Banshan cemetery in Gansu province, China. Most Inca pottery is…

  • Burnley (England, United Kingdom)

    Burnley, town and borough (district), administrative and historic county of Lancashire, England, north of Greater Manchester. It is situated at the junction of the Rivers Burn and Calder. In common with other towns of Lancashire, Burnley grew rapidly from the end of the 18th century with the

  • Burnley (district, England, United Kingdom)

    Burnley: Burnley, town and borough (district), administrative and historic county of Lancashire, England, north of Greater Manchester. It is situated at the junction of the Rivers Burn and Calder.

  • Burnouf, Emile Louis (French archaeologist)

    Heinrich Schliemann: Discovery of Troy: …1879 he was assisted by émile Burnouf, a classical archaeologist, and by Rudolf Virchow, the famous German pathologist, who was also the founder of the German Society for Anthropology, Ethnology, and Prehistory. In his last two seasons Schliemann had the expert assistance of Wilhelm D?rpfeld, who was a practical architect…

  • Burnouf, Eugène (French Orientalist)

    Eugène Burnouf, French Orientalist who acquainted Europe with the religious tenets and Old Iranian language of the Avesta, the ancient sacred scripture of Zoroastrianism. Burnouf’s father, Jean-Louis Burnouf (1775–1844), was a noted classical scholar who translated the works of Tacitus and other

  • burnous (clothing)

    dress: The Middle East from the 6th century: A similar mantle was the burnous, a hooded garment also used for warmth day or night.

  • Burns (Oregon, United States)

    Burns, city, seat (1889) of Harney county, east-central Oregon, U.S., situated on the Silvies River. Bannock, Northern Paiute, and Shoshoni peoples once roamed the region. The settlement was built on a former cattle ranch and named for the Scottish poet Robert Burns. As the capital of a vast cattle

  • Burns metre (literature)

    Burns metre, in poetry, a stanza often used by Robert Burns and other Scottish poets. The stanza consists of six lines rhyming aaabab of which the fourth and sixth are regularly iambic dimeters and the others iambic tetrameters, as in Burns’s Holy Willie’s

  • Burns’s Night (Scottish celebration)

    haggis: …ceremony, even bagpipes, particularly on Burns Night (held annually on January 25, Burns’s birthday) and Hogmanay, as the Scots call their New Year’s celebrations.

  • Burns, Arthur F. (American economist)

    Alan Greenspan: …future Federal Reserve Board chairman Arthur F. Burns. He met the polemical novelist Ayn Rand in 1952 and became a member of her inner circle, adopting her philosophy of radical self-interest and laissez-faire capitalism (see objectivism).

  • Burns, Arthur Robert (American economist and educator)

    Milton Friedman: Education and career: While at Rutgers he encountered Arthur Burns, then a new assistant professor of economics, whom Friedman ultimately regarded as his mentor and most important influence. Burns introduced him to Alfred Marshall’s Principles of Economics, and Friedman later would approvingly quote Marshall’s description of economics as “an engine for the discovery…

  • Burns, Bob (American musician)

    Lynyrd Skynyrd: …2001, Ponte Vedra Beach, Florida), Bob Burns (b. November 24, 1950, Jacksonville, Florida—d. April 3, 2015, Cartersville, Georgia), and Artimus Pyle (b. July 15, 1948, Louisville, Kentucky).

  • Burns, Christy Turlington (American fashion model)

    Christy Turlington, American fashion model best known as a face of the cosmetics company Maybelline and the Calvin Klein fashion house. Turlington appeared on more than 500 magazine covers and walked the runways for the world’s top fashion houses, including Chanel and Valentino. Turlington was

  • Burns, Eveline M. (American economist and educator)

    Eveline M. Burns, British-born American economist and educator, best remembered for her role in creating U.S. social security policy and for her work to further public understanding of it. Eveline Richardson worked as an administrative assistant in Great Britain’s Ministry of Labour while attending

  • Burns, Eveline Mabel (American economist and educator)

    Eveline M. Burns, British-born American economist and educator, best remembered for her role in creating U.S. social security policy and for her work to further public understanding of it. Eveline Richardson worked as an administrative assistant in Great Britain’s Ministry of Labour while attending

  • Burns, George (American comedian)

    George Burns, American comedian who—with his dry humour, gravelly voice, and ever-present cigar—was popular for more than 70 years in vaudeville, radio, film, and television. He was especially known as part of a popular comedy team with his wife, Gracie Allen. Burns began his career at age seven as

  • Burns, James MacGregor (American author)

    James MacGregor Burns, American author (born Aug. 3, 1918, Melrose, Mass.—died July 15, 2014, Williamstown, Mass.), analyzed the nature of presidential leadership and wove together the intellectual disciplines of political science, history, psychology, and philosophy in more than 20 books. He was

  • Burns, Jesse Louis (American minister and activist)

    Jesse Jackson, American civil rights leader, Baptist minister, and politician whose bids for the U.S. presidency (in the Democratic Party’s nomination races in 1983–84 and 1987–88) were the most successful by an African American until 2008, when Barack Obama captured the Democratic presidential

  • Burns, Jethro (American entertainer)

    Homer and Jethro: …Homer strumming the guitar and Jethro playing the mandolin, they performed on radio in Knoxville before becoming cast regulars in 1939 on the “Renfro Valley Barn Dance” radio program. The team broke up during World War II, but they reunited in 1945 and performed for a decade as regulars on…

  • Burns, John (British entrepreneur)

    Sir George Burns, Baronet: His eldest son and heir, John Burns (1829–1901), became head of the Cunard company in 1880 and was created Baron Inverclyde in 1897.

  • Burns, John Elliot (British labour leader)

    John Elliot Burns, British labour leader and Socialist, the first person of working-class origin to enter a British cabinet (1905). Having begun work at the age of 10, Burns attended night school and read extensively. In 1883 he joined the Social Democratic Federation (SDF), which was at that time

  • Burns, Ken (American director)

    Ken Burns, American documentary director who is known for the epic historical scope of his films and miniseries. Burns spent his youth in Ann Arbor, Michigan, where his father was a professor at the University of Michigan. He received a bachelor’s degree (1975) in film studies and design from

  • Burns, Kenneth C. (American entertainer)

    Homer and Jethro: …Homer strumming the guitar and Jethro playing the mandolin, they performed on radio in Knoxville before becoming cast regulars in 1939 on the “Renfro Valley Barn Dance” radio program. The team broke up during World War II, but they reunited in 1945 and performed for a decade as regulars on…

  • Burns, Kenneth Lauren (American director)

    Ken Burns, American documentary director who is known for the epic historical scope of his films and miniseries. Burns spent his youth in Ann Arbor, Michigan, where his father was a professor at the University of Michigan. He received a bachelor’s degree (1975) in film studies and design from

  • Burns, Lucy (American suffragist)

    Lucy Burns, American suffragist whose zealous political organizing and militant tactics helped forge support for a federal constitutional amendment guaranteeing women the right to vote. Burns was the fourth of eight children. Fortunate to have a father who believed in educating children of both

  • Burns, Lugenia D. (American social reformer)

    Lugenia Burns Hope, American social reformer whose Neighborhood Union and other community service organizations improved the quality of life for blacks in Atlanta, Ga., and served as a model for the future Civil Rights Movement. Hope gained experience as an adolescent by working, often full time,

  • Burns, Pete (British singer and celebrity)

    Pete Burns, (Peter Jozzeppi Burns), British singer and celebrity (born Aug. 5, 1959, Bebington, Cheshire [now in Merseyside], Eng.—died Oct. 23, 2016, London, Eng.), was the flamboyant and eccentric lead singer of the new-wave band Dead or Alive. He also became known for the changes in his

  • Burns, Peter Jozzeppi (British singer and celebrity)

    Pete Burns, (Peter Jozzeppi Burns), British singer and celebrity (born Aug. 5, 1959, Bebington, Cheshire [now in Merseyside], Eng.—died Oct. 23, 2016, London, Eng.), was the flamboyant and eccentric lead singer of the new-wave band Dead or Alive. He also became known for the changes in his

  • Burns, Ralph (American composer)
  • Burns, Richard (British race-car driver)

    Richard Burns, British race car driver (born Jan. 17, 1971, Reading, Eng.—died Nov. 25, 2005, London, Eng.), was at the time of his death the only English driver to have won (2001) the Fédération Internationale de l’Automobile (FIA) world rally championship. Burns became obsessed with rally d

  • Burns, Robert (Scottish poet)

    Robert Burns, national poet of Scotland, who wrote lyrics and songs in Scots and in English. He was also famous for his amours and his rebellion against orthodox religion and morality. Burns’s father had come to Ayrshire from Kincardineshire in an endeavour to improve his fortunes, but, though he

  • Burns, Sarah (American filmmaker)

    Ken Burns: …was codirected by his daughter Sarah Burns and her husband, David McMahon. The 18-hour series The Vietnam War (2017) was epic in its scope, including discussions on the origins of the conflict and its polarizing effect on Americans as well as interviews with both U.S. and Viet Cong soldiers. In…

  • Burns, Sir George, Baronet (British entrepreneur)

    Sir George Burns, Baronet, Scottish shipping magnate and one of the founders of the Cunard Line. Burns was the son of a Glasgow clergyman. In partnership with a brother, James, he began as a Glasgow general merchant, and in 1824, in conjunction with a Liverpool partner, Hugh Matthie, he started a

  • Burns, Tex (American writer)

    Louis L’Amour, American writer, best-selling author of more than 100 books, most of which were formula westerns that were highly popular because of their well-researched portrayals of frontier life. L’Amour, who left school at the age of 15, was a world traveler who mined in the West, sailed aboard

  • Burns, Thomas (Scottish association football player and manager)

    Tommy Burns, (Thomas Burns), Scottish association football (soccer) player and manager (born Dec. 16, 1956, Glasgow, Scot.—died May 15, 2008, Glasgow), spent most of his career with Glasgow’s Celtic, as a junior trainee (1973–75), player (1975–89), manager (1994–97), and coach (2000–08). During his

  • Burns, Tommy (Scottish association football player and manager)

    Tommy Burns, (Thomas Burns), Scottish association football (soccer) player and manager (born Dec. 16, 1956, Glasgow, Scot.—died May 15, 2008, Glasgow), spent most of his career with Glasgow’s Celtic, as a junior trainee (1973–75), player (1975–89), manager (1994–97), and coach (2000–08). During his

  • Burns, Tommy (Canadian boxer)

    Tommy Burns, Canadian world heavyweight boxing champion from February 23, 1906, when he won a 20-round decision over Marvin Hart in Los Angeles, until December 26, 1908, when he lost to Jack Johnson in 14 rounds in Sydney, Australia. This victory made Johnson the first black fighter to hold the

  • Burns, Ursula (American executive)

    Ursula Burns, American business executive who served as CEO (2009–16) and chairman (2010–17) of the international document-management and business-services company Xerox Corporation. She was the first African American woman to serve as CEO of a Fortune 500 company and the first female to accede to

  • Burns, William J. (American government agent)

    Gaston Means: …in New York City by William J. Burns, a former Secret Service agent. Means’s enthusiasm for unscrupulous but productive practices—such as breaking and entering, wiretapping, and extortion—soon earned him a prime place among Burns’s staff of investigators. Just prior to accepting that job, Means had inveigled his way into the…

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