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  • Busia, Kofi (prime minister of Ghana)

    Ghana: Nkrumah’s administration, the 1966 coup, and the return to civilian rule: …the Progress Party, led by Kofi Busia, a university professor who had consistently opposed Nkrumah. Busia became prime minister, and a year later a former chief justice, Edward Akufo-Addo, was chosen president.

  • Busicom (Japanese company)

    computer: The Intel 4004: In 1969 Busicom, a Japanese calculator company, commissioned Intel Corporation to make the chips for a line of calculators that Busicom intended to sell. Custom chips were made for many clients, and this was one more such contract, hardly unusual at the time.

  • Busiek, Kurt (American writer)

    the Avengers: …by various creative teams, including Kurt Busiek’s hugely popular, time-spanning Avengers Forever (1998–99). Busiek chronicled most of the team’s adventures in The Avengers from 1997 to 2002, collaborating with artists such as George Pérez, Stuart Immonen, and John Romita, Jr., before leaving the series in the hands of writer Geoff…

  • Busignies, Henri-Gaston (American engineer)

    Henri-Gaston Busignies, French-born American electronics engineer whose contribution to the development of high-frequency direction finders (HF/DF, or “Huff Duff”) permitted the U.S. Navy during World War II to detect enemy transmissions. In 1926 Busignies received a degree in electrical

  • Business Affairs of Mr. Julius Caesar, The (novel by Brecht)

    Bertolt Brecht: …des Herrn Julius Caesar (1957; The Business Affairs of Mr. Julius Caesar). It concerns a scholar researching a biography of Caesar several decades after his assassination.

  • Business Council of Canada (Canadian organization)

    John Manley: …president and CEO of the Business Council of Canada, a not-for-profit organization that represents business leaders.

  • business crime

    White-collar crime, crime committed by persons who, often by virtue of their occupations, exploit social, economic, or technological power for personal or corporate gain. The term, coined in 1939 by the American criminologist Edwin Sutherland, drew attention to the typical attire of the

  • business customer (business)

    marketing: Business customers: Business customers, also known as industrial customers, purchase products or services to use in the production of other products. Such industries include agriculture, manufacturing, construction, transportation, and communication, among others. They differ from consumer markets in several respects. Because the customers are organizations,…

  • business cycle

    Business cycle, periodic fluctuations in the general rate of economic activity, as measured by the levels of employment, prices, and production. Figure 1, for example, shows changes in wholesale prices in four Western industrialized countries over the period from 1790 to 1940. As can be seen, the

  • Business Cycle Theory (work by Hansen)

    Alvin Harvey Hansen: …in economic activity, and his Business Cycle Theory (1927) criticized underconsumptionist theories—theories that blamed low economic growth and high unemployment on rates of saving that were “too high.” Though at first he advocated deflationary policies and opposed Keynes’s belief in the stimulation of demand, Hansen later became a leading proponent…

  • business e-mail compromise (crime)

    cybercrime: Spam, steganography, and e-mail hacking: …a type of scam called business e-mail compromise (BEC), an e-mail sent to a business appears to be from an executive at another company with which the business is working. In the e-mail, the “executive” asks for money to be transferred into a certain account. The FBI has estimated that…

  • business enterprise

    Business organization, an entity formed for the purpose of carrying on commercial enterprise. Such an organization is predicated on systems of law governing contract and exchange, property rights, and incorporation. Business enterprises customarily take one of three forms: individual

  • business ethics

    Business ethics, branch of applied ethics that studies the moral dimensions of commercial activity, frequently but not exclusively with respect to corporations. It encompasses an extremely broad range of issues, including whether and how corporations—as distinct from their officers or

  • business executive (business)

    business organization: Executive management: The markets that corporations serve reflect the great variety of humanity and human wants; accordingly, firms that serve different markets exhibit great differences in technology, structure, beliefs, and practice. Because the essence of competition and innovation lies in differentiation and change, corporations are…

  • business finance

    Business finance, the raising and managing of funds by business organizations. Planning, analysis, and control operations are responsibilities of the financial manager, who is usually close to the top of the organizational structure of a firm. In very large firms, major financial decisions are

  • business firm

    Business organization, an entity formed for the purpose of carrying on commercial enterprise. Such an organization is predicated on systems of law governing contract and exchange, property rights, and incorporation. Business enterprises customarily take one of three forms: individual

  • business income insurance

    insurance: Indirect losses: …include the following: (1) contingent business income insurance, designed to cover the consequential losses if the plant of a supplier or a major customer is destroyed, resulting in either reduced orders or reduced deliveries that force a shutdown of the insured firm, (2) extra expense insurance, which pays the additional…

  • business intelligence

    Industrial espionage, acquisition of trade secrets from business competitors. A by-product of the technological revolution, industrial espionage is a reaction to the efforts of many businessmen to keep secret their designs, formulas, manufacturing processes, research, and future plans in order to

  • business intelligence application (industrial engineering)

    information system: Decision support systems and business intelligence: …decision making, however indirectly, but decision support systems are expressly designed for this purpose. As these systems are increasingly being developed to analyze massive collections of data (known as big data), they are becoming known as business intelligence, or business analytics, applications. The two principal varieties of decision support systems…

  • business law

    Business law, the body of rules, whether by convention, agreement, or national or international legislation, governing the dealings between persons in commercial matters. Business law falls into two distinctive areas: (1) the regulation of commercial entities by the laws of company, partnership,

  • Business Leaders Initiative on Human Rights (international organization)

    The Coca-Cola Company: …that it would join the Business Leaders Initiative on Human Rights (BLIHR), a group of companies working together to develop and implement corporate responses to human rights issues that affect the business world.

  • business liability insurance

    insurance: Business liability insurance: Business liability contracts commonly written include the following: liability of a building owner, landlord, or tenant; liability of an employer for acts of negligence involving employees; liability of contractors or manufacturers; liability to members of the public resulting from faulty products or…

  • business logistics (business)

    Logistics, in business, the organized movement of materials and, sometimes, people. The term was first associated with the military but gradually spread to cover business activities. Logistics implies that a number of separate activities are coordinated. In 1991 the Council of Logistics Management,

  • business management

    business organization: Types of business associations: …essential feature, a system of management, varies greatly. In a simple form of business association the members who provide the assets are entitled to participate in the management unless otherwise agreed. In the more complex form of association, such as the company or corporation of the Anglo-American common-law countries, members…

  • business marketing (economics)

    marketing: Business marketing: Business marketing, sometimes called business-to-business marketing or industrial marketing, involves those marketing activities and functions that are targeted toward organizational customers. This type of marketing involves selling goods (and services) to organizations (public and private) to be used directly or indirectly in their…

  • Business of Fancydancing, The (prose and poetry by Alexie)

    Sherman Alexie: The same year, he produced The Business of Fancydancing, a book combining prose and poetry. A prolific writer, he published in 1993 two more books of poetry—First Indian on the Moon and Old Shirts & New Skins—and The Lone Ranger and Tonto Fistfight in Heaven, a collection of interwoven stories…

  • business organization

    Business organization, an entity formed for the purpose of carrying on commercial enterprise. Such an organization is predicated on systems of law governing contract and exchange, property rights, and incorporation. Business enterprises customarily take one of three forms: individual

  • business property insurance

    insurance: Business property insurance: Insurance for business property follows a pattern that is similar in many ways to the one for individual property. A commonly used form is the “building and personal property coverage form” (BPP). This form permits a business owner to cover in one…

  • business transaction (economics)

    Commercial transaction, in law, the core of the legal rules governing business dealings. The most common types of commercial transactions, involving such specialized areas of the law and legal instruments as sale of goods and documents of title, are discussed below. Despite variations of detail,

  • business travel

    airport: Passenger requirements: Business travelers tend to pay significantly higher fares, and airlines usually wish to provide a high quality of service in order to attract such traffic. The passenger terminal at Heathrow Airport near London, for example, was designed to a very high standard of space and…

  • business videoconferencing (communications)

    videophone: Videoconferencing: …new videophone solutions were developed: business videoconferencing and desktop videoconferencing. Business videoconferencing employs video cameras, video compression and decompression hardware and software, and interfaces to one or more ISDN lines or an Internet connection in order to provide capture, transmission, and display of synchronized voice and video to one or…

  • Business Week (international publication)

    Gary S. Becker: …served as a columnist for Business Week, an international business news publication. In 2000 he was awarded the National Medal of Science, and in 2007 he received the Presidential Medal of Freedom, the country’s highest civilian award.

  • business-to-business marketing (economics)

    marketing: Business marketing: Business marketing, sometimes called business-to-business marketing or industrial marketing, involves those marketing activities and functions that are targeted toward organizational customers. This type of marketing involves selling goods (and services) to organizations (public and private) to be used directly or indirectly in their…

  • busing (racial integration)

    Busing, in the United States, the practice of transporting students to schools within or outside their local school districts as a means of rectifying racial segregation. Although American schools were technically desegregated in 1954 by the landmark U.S. Supreme Court decision handed down in Brown

  • Bū?īrī, al- (Arabian poet)

    Al-Bū?īrī, Arabic poet of Berber descent who won fame for his poem Al-Burdah (The Poem of the Scarf). In this poem al-Bū?īrī said that he had devoted his life to poetry. He also worked as a copyist, being known for his calligraphy, and held various official posts under the Mamlūks. It was said that

  • Busiris (Greek mythology)

    Busiris, in Greek mythology, Egyptian king, son of Poseidon (the god of the sea) and Lysianassa (daughter of Epaphus, a legendary king of Egypt). After Egypt had been afflicted for nine years with famine, Phrasius, a seer of Cyprus, arrived in Egypt and announced that the famine would not end until

  • Busk festival (North American Indian ritual)

    Creek: …important religious observances as the Busk, or Green Corn, ceremony, an annual first-fruits and new-fire rite. A distinctive feature of this midsummer festival was that every wrongdoing, grievance, or crime—short of murder—was forgiven.

  • Busken Huet, Conrad (Dutch literary critic)

    Conrad Busken Huet, the greatest and also one of the liveliest Dutch literary critics of his time. A descendant of an old French Protestant family, Busken Huet studied theology at Leiden and became pastor of the Walloon chapel at Haarlem but resigned because of his modernist views. He turned to

  • buskin (boot)

    Buskin, a thick-soled boot worn by actors in ancient Greek tragedies. Because of the association, the term has come to mean tragedy. It is contrasted with sock, which refers to the foot covering worn by actors in comedies. The word is probably a modification of the Middle French brouzequin, “a kind

  • Busnois, Antoine (French composer)

    Antoine Busnois, French composer, best-known for his chansons, which typify the Burgundian style of the second half of the 15th century. Busnois entered the service of Charles the Bold (later duke of Burgundy) as a singer sometime before 1467. He traveled with Charles on his various campaigns, and

  • Buson (Japanese artist and poet)

    Buson, Japanese painter of distinction but even more renowned as one of the great haiku poets. Buson came of a wealthy family but chose to leave it behind to pursue a career in the arts. He traveled extensively in northeastern Japan and studied haiku under several masters, among them Hayano Hajin,

  • Busoni, Ferruccio (German-Italian musician)

    Ferruccio Busoni, pianist and composer who attained fame as a pianist of brilliance and intellectual power. The son of an Italian clarinetist and a pianist of German descent, Busoni was taught by his mother. He appeared as a child prodigy and later completed his studies in Vienna and Leipzig. In

  • buspirone (drug)

    antianxiety drug: Other antianxiety drugs: Buspirone is another antianxiety drug that is unrelated to the benzodiazepines. It does not affect the GABA receptor, nor does it have any muscle-relaxant or anticonvulsive properties. It also lacks the prominent sedative effect that is associated with other drugs used to treat anxiety. Instead,…

  • Bu?rā al-Shām (Syria)

    Bostra, ruined Syrian city, 67 miles (108 km) south of Damascus. First a Nabataean city, it was conquered by the Roman emperor Trajan, made the capital of the Roman province of Arabia, and served as a key Roman fortress east of the Jordan River. The city eventually achieved the title metropolis

  • buss (Venetian ship)

    ship: Early oceanic navigation: …Mediterranean trading vessel, the Venetian buss (a full-bodied, rounded two-masted ship), passed through the Strait of Gibraltar. At the time of Richard I of England (reigned 1189–99), whose familiarity with Mediterranean shipping stemmed from his participation in the Crusades, Mediterranean navigation had evolved in two directions: the

  • Buss, Frances (English educator)

    Frances Buss, English educator, pioneer of women’s education, and founder of the North London Collegiate School for Ladies (now North London Collegiate School for Girls). Buss was educated in London and, from age 14, taught school with her mother. At age 18 Buss, together with her mother, opened a

  • Buss, Frances Mary (English educator)

    Frances Buss, English educator, pioneer of women’s education, and founder of the North London Collegiate School for Ladies (now North London Collegiate School for Girls). Buss was educated in London and, from age 14, taught school with her mother. At age 18 Buss, together with her mother, opened a

  • Buss, Gerald Hatten (American sports executive)

    Jerry Buss, (Gerald Hatten Buss), American sports executive (born Jan. 27, 1933, Salt Lake City, Utah—died Feb. 18, 2013, Los Angeles, Calif.), built the Los Angeles (L.A.) Lakers basketball team into powerhouse squads during his tenure (1979–2013) and saw his NBA superstars, including players

  • Buss, Jerry (American sports executive)

    Jerry Buss, (Gerald Hatten Buss), American sports executive (born Jan. 27, 1933, Salt Lake City, Utah—died Feb. 18, 2013, Los Angeles, Calif.), built the Los Angeles (L.A.) Lakers basketball team into powerhouse squads during his tenure (1979–2013) and saw his NBA superstars, including players

  • Bussa Rapids (rapids, Nigeria)

    Bussa Rapids, rapids on the Niger River, below its confluence with the Sokoto River, south of Yelwa, Nigeria. There the river cuts into an outcrop of ancient basement rock, forming rapids that extend for about 50 miles (80 km) to Jebba. Before the construction of the Kainji Dam and Reservoir

  • Bussell, Darcey Andrea (British dancer)

    Darcey Bussell, British ballet dancer and celebrity of the late 20th century. Renowned for the energy and passion of her performances, she was one of the youngest artists to serve as principal dancer in the Royal Ballet of London. At age 13, Bussell began attending White Lodge, the lower school of

  • Busselton (Western Australia, Australia)

    Busselton, city, southwestern Western Australia, on the south shore of Geographe Bay, southwest of Bunbury. It is located within a noted agricultural region. The area was inhabited for some 50,000 years by Aboriginal Wardandi people prior to the arrival of Europeans. It was visited in 1801 by a

  • Büsserschnee (geology)

    Hindu Kush: Climate: …snow hummocks—called nieves penitentes or Büsserschnee (literally, “penitent snow”)—that give the illusion of kneeling human figures, sometimes two or three feet high; especially noticeable in the early morning, they are formed by the alternation of strong sunlight and rapid evaporation during the day and severe cold at night.

  • Bussi Soto, Hortensia (Chilean first lady)

    Hortensia Bussi Soto, (“La Tencha”), Chilean first lady (born July 22, 1914, Valparaíso, Chile—died June 18, 2009, Santiago, Chile), was the wife of Chilean Pres. Salvador Allende and became a political activist after her husband’s overthrow. Bussi studied to be a history and geography teacher and

  • Busson du Maurier, George Louis Palmella (British author and caricaturist)

    George du Maurier, British caricaturist whose illustrations for Punch were acute commentaries on the Victorian scene. He also wrote three successful novels. Du Maurier’s happy childhood at Passy, France, is recalled in Peter Ibbetson (1891), and his full-blooded enjoyment of student life in the

  • Bussum (Netherlands)

    Bussum, gemeente (municipality), west-central Netherlands, near the IJsselmeer (Lake IJssel). Originally a rustic extension of the old fortress town of Naarden, it is now a residential suburb, southeast of Amsterdam, and a resort for the Gooiland region of lakes and woods. The Dutch television

  • Bussy d’Ambois (play by Chapman)

    English literature: Other Jacobean dramatists: abound, while George Chapman’s Bussy d’Ambois (1604) and Conspiracy of Charles, Duke of Byron (1608) drew on recent French history to chart the collision of the magnificent but redundant heroism of the old-style aristocrat, whose code of honour had outlived its social function, with pragmatic arbitrary monarchy; Chapman doubtless…

  • Bussy, Antoine-Alexandre-Brutus (French scientist)

    alkaline-earth metal: History: …W?hler and the French chemist Antoine Bussy independently in 1828. Radium was discovered in 1898 by means of its radioactivity by French physicists Pierre and Marie Curie, who by 1902 had separated it in the form of radium chloride from pitchblende. Metallic radium was isolated in 1910 through the combined…

  • Bussy, Roger de Rabutin, comte de (French author)

    Roger de Bussy-Rabutin, French libertine who amused the nobility of his time with scandalous tales told in a light classical prose style; he was the cousin and confidant of the celebrated letter writer Marie de Rabutin-Chantal, marquise de Sévigné. During the civil wars of the Fronde (uprisings

  • Bussy-Castelnau, Charles, Marquis de (French administrator)

    India: The Anglo-French struggle, 1740–63: …the skillful Charles, marquis de Bussy-Castelnau, Dupleix had a kingmaker at the centre of Muslim power in the Deccan. (See Carnatic wars).

  • Bussy-Rabutin, Roger de (French author)

    Roger de Bussy-Rabutin, French libertine who amused the nobility of his time with scandalous tales told in a light classical prose style; he was the cousin and confidant of the celebrated letter writer Marie de Rabutin-Chantal, marquise de Sévigné. During the civil wars of the Fronde (uprisings

  • bust-out scheme (fraud)
  • Busta Gallorum, Battle of (Italian history)

    Battle of Taginae, (June or July 552), decisive engagement fought near what is now the town of Gualdo Tadino, Italy. In the battle the Byzantine general Narses defeated the main body of the Goths, who were led by their Christian king, Totila. The Byzantine emperor Justinian I sent his commander in

  • Bustam (Iran)

    Bas?ām, small historic town, northern Iran. It lies just south of the Elburz Mountains in a well-watered plain. Clustered around the tomb of the poet and mystic Abū Yazīd al-Bis?āmī (d. 874) are a mausoleum, a 12th-century minaret and mosque wall, a superb portal (1313), and a 15th-century college.

  • Bustamante Code of Private International Law

    bankruptcy: International aspects: …Private International Law (the so-called Bustamante Code) of 1928. The five Scandinavian countries concluded the Copenhagen Convention on bankruptcy on Nov. 7, 1933. In addition, there exist a number of bilateral treaties between different nations on the subject.

  • Bustamante y Guerra, José de (Spanish general)

    Central America: Independence (1808–23): A strong captain general, José de Bustamante y Guerra (1811–18), and Creole fear of Indian uprisings were factors that prevented Central Americans from seizing power as had been done in South America. The government easily put down such attempts in the state of San Salvador (which did not become…

  • Bustamante y Rivero, José Luis (president of Peru)

    Manuel A. Odría: José Bustamente. In October 1948 he headed a military junta which deposed Bustamente and Odría was proclaimed provisional president. Odría promptly dissolved the legislature, declared military rule, and proceeded to take measures to restore the Peruvian economy and political stability, seeking technical assistance and private…

  • Bustamante y Sirvén, Antonio Sánchez de (Cuban politician)

    Antonio Sánchez de Bustamante y Sirvén, lawyer, educator, Cuban politician, and international jurist who drew up the Bustamante Code dealing with international private law. Adopted by the sixth Pan-American Congress (Havana, 1928), which also elected him president, his code was ratified without

  • Bustamante, Sir Alexander (Jamaican politician)

    Jamaica: Self-government: …Jamaica Labour Party (JLP) under Sir Alexander Bustamante pressed for secession from the federation. A referendum in 1961 supported their views. The JLP was the overall winner of elections in April 1962, and Bustamante became premier. In May the federation was dissolved.

  • Būstān (work by Sa?dī)

    Sa?dī: …works are the Būstān (1257; The Orchard) and the Gulistān (1258; The Rose Garden). The Būstān is entirely in verse (epic metre) and consists of stories aptly illustrating the standard virtues recommended to Muslims (justice, liberality, modesty, contentment) as well as of reflections on the behaviour of dervishes and their…

  • Bustānī, Bu?rus al- (Lebanese scholar)

    Bu?rus al-Bustānī, scholar whose works, notably an Arabic dictionary and the first six volumes of an Arabic encyclopaedia, played a significant role in revitalizing the Arabic culture of his time. Bustānī’s most significant activities were literary. He felt that Arabs should study Western science

  • Bustānī, Salīm al- (Lebanese scholar and writer)

    Arabic literature: The novel: …conquest of Syria, by Salīm al-Bustānī. The latter work appeared in serial form in the Bustānī family’s journal, Al-Jinān, and this publication mode established a pattern that was to be followed by writers of Arabic fiction for many subsequent decades. Premodern history also came to be frequently invoked in…

  • bustard (bird)

    Bustard, any of numerous medium-to-large game birds of the family Otididae, related to the cranes and rails in the order Gruiformes. There are about 23 species, confined to Africa, southern Europe, Asia, Australia, and part of New Guinea. Bustards have rather long legs, adapted to running. They

  • bustard quail (bird)

    Button quail, any of numerous small, round-bodied birds belonging to the family Turnicidae of the order Gruiformes. The 15 species are confined to scrubby grasslands in warm regions of the Old World. Button quail are dull-coloured birds, 13 to 19 centimetres (5 to 7 inches) long, that run c

  • bustee (type of shantytown)

    Kolkata: Housing: A basti (also spelled busti or bustee) is officially defined as “a collection of huts standing on a plot of land of at least one-sixth of an acre.” There also are bastis built on less than one-sixth of an acre (one-fifteenth of a hectare). The majority…

  • Bustelli, Franz Anton (German artist)

    Franz Anton Bustelli, modeller of porcelain sculpture, recognized for the excellence of his work in the light, asymmetric, lavishly decorated Rococo style. There is no record of Bustelli’s early life or training, but it is known that he was employed by the porcelain factory at Nymphenburg, near

  • buster (dice)

    dice: Cheating with dice: Such dice, called busters or tops and bottoms, are used as a rule only by accomplished dice cheats, who introduce them into the game by sleight of hand (“switching”). Since it is impossible to see more than three sides of a cube at any one time, tops and bottoms are…

  • Buster Brown (fictional character)

    Buster Brown, a comic strip character created in 1902 by newspaper cartoonist Richard F. Outcault for the New York Herald. Buster Brown is a wealthy schoolboy prankster who dresses conservatively but acts like a mischievous, disorderly child. He has a sister, Mary Jane, and a grinning talking pet

  • busti (type of shantytown)

    Kolkata: Housing: A basti (also spelled busti or bustee) is officially defined as “a collection of huts standing on a plot of land of at least one-sixth of an acre.” There also are bastis built on less than one-sixth of an acre (one-fifteenth of a hectare). The majority…

  • bustier (clothing)

    corset: By the 1950s the guêpière, also known as a bustier or waspie, became fashionable.

  • Bustillos García, Edwin (Mexican human rights activist and environmentalist)

    Edwin Bustillos García, human rights activist and environmentalist who spent most of his life working to reduce logging and the cultivating of illicit drug crops in Mexico’s Sierra Madre Occidental mountain range. Part Tarahumara, Bustillos was born in the Sierra Madre Occidental in northern

  • bustle (clothing)

    Bustle, item of feminine apparel for pushing out the back portion of a skirt. The bustle, or tournure, was notably fashionable in Europe and the United States for most of the 1870s and again in the 1880s. Padded cushions for accentuating the back of the hips represent one of several methods women

  • Busto Arsizio (Italy)

    Busto Arsizio, city, Lombardia (Lombardy) regione, northern Italy. It lies along the Olona River just northwest of Milan. Its Renaissance-style Church of Santa Maria di Piazza (1515–23) was designed by Donato Bramante. Busto Arsizio has experienced considerable industrial growth in the 20th century

  • busulfan (medicine)

    blood disease: Leukemia: …with the drugs hydroxyurea or busulfan in daily doses until the leukocyte count has returned to normal. Treatment then is interrupted until the leukocyte count has risen to about 50,000 cells per cubic millimetre, when treatment is resumed. This can be repeated many times, and thus the affected person is…

  • Büsum (Germany)

    Büsum, town, Schleswig-Holstein Land (state), northern Germany. It lies on the North Sea coast, southwest of Heide. The town was first occupied about 1140 and was also called Biusne. Parts of the town were severely damaged by tidal waters in the 14th, 15th, and 16th centuries. In the 16th century

  • busy Lizzie (plant genus)

    Impatiens, large genus of herbaceous plants belonging to the family Balsaminaceae. Impatiens are widely distributed in Asia, Africa, and North America, and several are popular garden plants. Impatiens bear simple leaves that are usually alternately arranged along the stem. The upper leaves are

  • Busycon (marine snail)

    gastropod: Reproduction and life cycles: In Busycon, for example, each capsule may contain up to 1,000 eggs, but extensive cannibalization occurs upon unhatched eggs in the capsule and among the early hatched young. Strombus can lay a tubular string of eggs 23 metres (75 feet) long, with up to 460,000 eggs.…

  • Busycon canaliculatum (mollusk)

    conch: …these clam eaters are the channeled conch (B. canaliculatum) and the lightning conch (B. contrarium), both about 18 cm long and common on the Atlantic coast of the United States. Another melongenid is the Australian trumpet, or baler (Syrinx aruanus), which may be more than 60 cm long—the largest living…

  • Busycon contrarium (mollusk)

    conch: canaliculatum) and the lightning conch (B. contrarium), both about 18 cm long and common on the Atlantic coast of the United States. Another melongenid is the Australian trumpet, or baler (Syrinx aruanus), which may be more than 60 cm long—the largest living snail. It is rivaled by the…

  • buta (Mughal art)

    Buta, (Hindi-Urdu: “flower”), one of the most important ornamental motifs of Mughal Indian art, consisting of a floral spray with stylized leaves and flowers. It is used in architecture and painting and in textiles, enamels, and almost all other decorative arts. The motif began to gain importance

  • butabarbital sodium (drug)

    barbiturate: …action, such as amobarbital and butabarbital sodium, act for 6 to 12 hours and are used to relieve insomnia. Short-acting barbiturates, such as pentobarbital and secobarbital, are used to overcome difficulty in falling asleep. Ultrashort-acting barbiturates, such as thiopental sodium and thiamylal, are used intravenously to induce unconsciousness smoothly

  • Butades of Sicyon (ancient Greek sculptor)

    Butades Of Sicyon, ancient Greek clayman, who, according to the Roman writer Pliny the Elder, was the first modeler in clay. The story is that his daughter, smitten with love for a youth at Corinth, where they lived, drew upon the wall the outline of his shadow and that upon this outline her

  • butadiene (organic compound)

    Butadiene, either of two aliphatic organic compounds that have the formula C4H6. The term ordinarily signifies the more important of the two, 1,3-butadiene, which is the major constituent of many synthetic rubbers. It was first manufactured in Germany during World War I from acetylene. During

  • butadiene rubber (synthetic rubber)

    Butadiene rubber, synthetic rubber widely employed in tire treads for trucks and automobiles. It consists of polybutadiene, an elastomer (elastic polymer) built up by chemically linking multiple molecules of butadiene to form giant molecules, or polymers. The polymer is noted for its high

  • butadiyne (organic compound)

    conformation: …those of cyanogen (N≡C―C≡N) or butadiyne (H―C≡C―C≡C―H), all the atoms lie along the axis of the central single bond, so that no distinguishable conformations exist.

  • Butana Plain (plain, Sudan)

    Kassala: …in the north is the Butana Plain, with sandy clay soils and occasional low hills with short grass scrub and acacia. The south is underlain by Nubian sandstone and has thickets of acacia trees and tall grasses. Rainfall decreases steadily from south to north, with 40 inches (1,000 mm) falling…

  • butane (chemical compound)

    Butane, either of two colourless, odourless, gaseous hydrocarbons (compounds of carbon and hydrogen), members of the series of paraffinic hydrocarbons. Their chemical formula is C4H10. The compound in which the carbon atoms are linked in a straight chain is denoted normal butane, or n-butane; the

  • butanedioic acid (chemical compound)

    Succinic acid, a dicarboxylic acid of molecular formula C4H6O4 that is widely distributed in almost all plant and animal tissues and that plays a significant role in intermediary metabolism. It is a colourless crystalline solid, soluble in water, with a melting point of 185–187° C (365–369° F). S

  • butanediol (chemical compound)

    glycol: Other important glycols include 1,3-butanediol, used as a starting material for the manufacture of brake fluids and of plasticizers for resins; 1,4-butanediol, used in polyurethanes and in polyester resins for coatings and plasticizers, and for making butyrolactone, a valuable solvent and chemical intermediate; 2-ethyl-1,3-hexanediol, an effective insect repellent; and

  • butanedione (chemical compound)

    chemical compound: Aldehydes and ketones: Butanedione, a ketone with two carbonyl groups, is partially responsible for the odour of cheeses. Civetone, a large cyclic ketone, is secreted by the civet cat and is a key component of many expensive perfumes.

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