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  • Bellotto, Bernardo (Italian painter)

    Bernardo Bellotto, vedute (“view”) painter of the Venetian school known for his carefully drawn topographical paintings of central Italian and eastern European cities. Bellotto studied under his uncle, Canaletto, and was himself known by that name when painting outside Italy. Bellotto’s urban

  • Bellou, Sotiria (Greek singer)

    Sotiria Bellou, Greek singer who was the first woman to have a career performing rebetika songs, Greek urban folk music, which she made her trademark for some 40 years (b. Aug. 29, 1921--d. Aug. 27,

  • Bellovaci (ancient Gallic people)

    coin: Ancient Britain: …gold coins of the Gaulish Bellovaci, a tribe located near Beauvais, imitated from the famous gold stater of Philip II of Macedon, were being introduced, probably by trade. The first Belgic invasion, about 75 bce, brought variants of these, from which arose a complex family of uninscribed imitations. The study…

  • Bellow, Saul (American author)

    Saul Bellow, American novelist whose characterizations of modern urban man, disaffected by society but not destroyed in spirit, earned him the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1976. Brought up in a Jewish household and fluent in Yiddish—which influenced his energetic English style—he was

  • bellows (mechanical device)

    Bellows, mechanical contrivance for creating a jet of air, consisting usually of a hinged box with flexible sides, which expands to draw in air through an inward opening valve and contracts to expel the air through a nozzle. The bellows was invented in the European Middle Ages and was commonly

  • Bellows Falls (village, Vermont, United States)

    Bellows Falls, village in Rockingham town (township), Windham county, southeastern Vermont, U.S., on the Connecticut River. It was settled about 1753 and named for Colonel Benjamin Bellows, an early property owner. The first bridge across the Connecticut River was built at Bellows Falls in 1785.

  • bellows fish (fish)

    Snipefish, any of about 11 species in 3 genera of marine fishes of the family Macroramphosidae (order Gasterosteiformes) found in deeper tropical and subtropical waters of the Atlantic, Indian, and Pacific oceans. Snipefishes are small, deep-bodied fishes that grow to 30 cm (12 inches) in length.

  • Bellows, George Wesley (American painter)

    George Wesley Bellows, American painter and lithographer noted for his paintings of action scenes and for his expressive portraits and seascapes. Bellows attended Ohio State University before moving in 1904 to New York City, where he studied at the New York School of Art under Robert Henri, leader

  • Bellows, Henry Whitney (American theologian)

    Unitarianism and Universalism: American Unitarianism: Although Transcendentalism divided the Unitarians, Henry Whitney Bellows, a prominent figure in Unitarianism after the Civil War, succeeded in organizing the National Conference of Unitarian Churches in 1865. A separatist Free Religious Association (FRA) was organized in 1867 by persons who, although holding a variety of views, were agreed in…

  • bellows-and-diaphragm gas meter (measurement device)

    gas meter: …the displacement principle is the bellows-and-diaphragm gas meter (shown in the diagram). This type is widely used in commercial and domestic gas service to measure the quantity of gas delivered to a user. Bellows gas meters measure the quantity of gas passing through them by filling and emptying, in a…

  • Belloy, Pierre de (French author)

    France: Political ideology: …contained in the works of Pierre de Belloy, especially his De l’autorité du roi (1588; “Of the Authority of the King”). He asserted that the monarchy was created by God and that the king was responsible to God alone. Any rebellion against the ruler, therefore, was a rebellion against the…

  • Bells and Pomegranates (work by Browning)

    Robert Browning: Life.: …under the general title of Bells and Pomegranates, he published seven more plays in verse, including Pippa Passes (1841), A Blot in the ’Scutcheon (produced in 1843), and Luria (1846). These, and all his earlier works except Strafford, were printed at his family’s expense. Although Browning enjoyed writing for the…

  • Bells Are Ringing (film by Minnelli [1960])

    Vincente Minnelli: Films of the 1960s and 1970s: Home from the Hill, Bells are Ringing, and On a Clear Day You Can See Forever: The musical comedy Bells Are Ringing (1960) was tailored for the talents of Judy Holliday (in her last film). Holliday played Brooklynite Ella Peterson, an answering-service operator who cannot resist playing Cupid for her customers; she was joined by Martin as a blocked playwright. Few of the tunes…

  • Bells Are Ringing (musical by Comden, Green, and Styne)

    Judy Holliday: …female lead in the musical Bells Are Ringing, for which she won the Tony Award for best actress in a musical. In her last film (1960), Holliday re-created her stage role in Bells Are Ringing. She starred in two more Broadway shows, Laurette (1960) and Hot Spot (1963)—both unsuccessful—before succumbing…

  • bells of Ireland (plant)

    Bells of Ireland, (Moluccella laevis), annual plant in the mint family (Lamiaceae), grown as a garden curiosity for its green floral spikes. Bells of Ireland is native to western Asia and is commonly used in the floral industry as a fresh or dried flower. Bells of Ireland grows well in cool

  • Bells of St. Mary’s, The (film by McCarey [1945])

    Leo McCarey: Middle years: McCarey had similar success with The Bells of St. Mary’s (1945), in which Crosby returned as O’Malley, who is now at loggerheads with the mother superior (Ingrid Bergman) of a Catholic school. It earned eight Oscar nominations, with McCarey receiving a nod for his direction, and was the top-grossing film…

  • Bells, The (work by Rachmaninoff)

    Sergey Rachmaninoff: Major creative activity: …Moscow was his choral symphony The Bells (1913), based on Konstantin Balmont’s Russian translation of the poem by Edgar Allan Poe. This work displays considerable ingenuity in the coupling of choral and orchestral resources to produce striking imitative and textural effects.

  • Bells, The (poem by Poe)

    The Bells, poem by Edgar Allan Poe, published posthumously in the magazine Sartain’s Union (November 1849). Written at the end of Poe’s life, this incantatory poem examines bell sounds as symbols of four milestones of human experience—childhood, youth, maturity, and death. “The Bells” is composed

  • Bellson, Louie (American musician)

    Louie Bellson, American musician who was one of the most heralded jazz drummers, known for his taste and restraint in displaying his considerable technical skills. Bellson was something of a child prodigy who, while in high school, invented the double-bass drum kit that became his trademark and

  • Bellson, Louis (American musician)

    Louie Bellson, American musician who was one of the most heralded jazz drummers, known for his taste and restraint in displaying his considerable technical skills. Bellson was something of a child prodigy who, while in high school, invented the double-bass drum kit that became his trademark and

  • Belltaine (ancient Celtic festival)

    Beltane, festival held on the first day of May in Ireland and Scotland, celebrating the beginning of summer and open pasturing. Beltane is first mentioned in a glossary attributed to Cormac, bishop of Cashel and king of Munster, who was killed in 908. Cormac describes how cattle were driven between

  • Bellum Catilinae (monograph by Sallust)

    Sallust: …monograph, Bellum Catilinae (43–42 bc; Catiline’s War), deals with corruption in Roman politics by tracing the conspiracy of Catiline, a ruthlessly ambitious patrician who had attempted to seize power in 63 bc after the suspicions of his fellow nobles and the growing mistrust of the people prevented him from attaining…

  • Bellum civile (work by Lucan)

    Lucan: …civile, better known as the Pharsalia because of its vivid account of that battle, is remarkable as the single major Latin epic poem that eschewed the intervention of the gods.

  • Bellum Judaicum (work by Josephus)

    death: Judaism: …recorded in Bellum Judaicum (History of the Jewish War) how doctrinal disputes about death, the existence of an afterlife, and the “fate of the soul” were embodied in the views of various factions. The Sadducees (who spoke for a conservative, sacerdotal aristocracy) were still talking in terms of the…

  • Bellum Jugurthinum (monograph by Sallust)

    Sallust: …monograph, Bellum Jugurthinum (41–40 bc; The Jugurthine War), he explored in greater detail the origins of party struggles that arose in Rome when war broke out against Jugurtha, the king of Numidia, who rebelled against Rome at the close of the 2nd century bc. This war provided the opportunity for…

  • Bellum Poenicum (poem by Naevius)

    Gnaeus Naevius: …Punic War (264–261) in his Bellum Poenicum, relying for facts upon his own experience in the war and on oral tradition at Rome. The scope of the tale and the forceful diction qualify it as an epic, showing a marked advance in originality beyond the Odusia of Livius and making…

  • Bellum Punicum (poem by Naevius)

    Gnaeus Naevius: …Punic War (264–261) in his Bellum Poenicum, relying for facts upon his own experience in the war and on oral tradition at Rome. The scope of the tale and the forceful diction qualify it as an epic, showing a marked advance in originality beyond the Odusia of Livius and making…

  • Bellune, Claude Victor-Perrin, Duc De (French general)

    Claude Victor-Perrin, duke de Bellune, a leading French general of the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic wars, who was created marshal of France in 1807. In 1781 he entered the army as a private soldier and, after 10 years’ service, received his discharge and settled at Valence. Soon afterward he

  • Belluno (Italy)

    Belluno, city, Veneto regione, northeastern Italy. The city lies at the confluence of the Piave and Ardo rivers, in the Dolomite Alps, north of Venice. Of pre-Roman origin and known to the Romans as Bellunum, it was a medieval free commune before voluntarily joining Venice in 1404. Taken by the

  • Bellunum (Italy)

    Belluno, city, Veneto regione, northeastern Italy. The city lies at the confluence of the Piave and Ardo rivers, in the Dolomite Alps, north of Venice. Of pre-Roman origin and known to the Romans as Bellunum, it was a medieval free commune before voluntarily joining Venice in 1404. Taken by the

  • Belluschi, Pietro (Italian-American architect)

    Pietro Belluschi, Modernist architect identified first with regional architecture of the American Northwest, from which his influence spread throughout the world. He was noted for his use of indigenous materials, especially woods for residential buildings and aluminum for tall office buildings,

  • Bellville (South Africa)

    Bellville, city, Western Cape province, South Africa. It lies east of Cape Town within the Cape Peninsula urban area. Originally a village called Twelfth Mile Stone, Bellville was established by proclamation in 1861 and named after Charles D. Bell, surveyor general of the Cape. It became a town in

  • Bellville South (industrial area, South Africa)

    Bellville: Bellville South, an industrial zone of Bellville, produces paper and food products, bricks and tiles, and fertilizers. Bellville, which is also a centre of automobile retailing, is located on the main railway from Cape Town to Johannesburg, and Bellville South has the largest marshaling yard…

  • bellwort (plant)

    Bellwort, any of five species of woodland plants that constitute the genus Uvularia of the family Colchicaceae and are native to eastern North America. They are all low perennials with slender, creeping rootstocks that send up leafy stems from 6 to 20 inches (15 to 50 cm) high. The stems bear large

  • belly (musical instrument)

    Soundboard, a thin plate of wood or a stretched membrane lying directly under the strings of a stringed musical instrument. It vibrates in response to the vibrations of the strings (transmitted to it by the bridge, an elastic piece of wood held under pressure or tension between the strings and

  • belly button (anatomy)

    Navel, in anatomy, a small depression in the abdominal wall at the point of attachment of the umbilical cord (q.v.). It indicates the point through which the mammalian fetus obtained nourishment from its mother through the blood vessels of the umbilical

  • belly dance (dance)

    Western dance: Ancient Egyptian dance: …is considerable agreement that the belly dance, now performed by dancers from the Middle East, is of African origin. A report of the 4th century bc from Memphis in Egypt described in detail the performance of an apparently rumba-like couple dance with an unquestionably erotic character. The Egyptians also knew…

  • belly gland (biology)

    artiodactyl: Scent glands: Inguinal (belly) glands are found in bovids, there being two in sheep, saiga, chiru, gazelles, duikers, and blackbuck, and four in members of the tribes Reduncini and Tragelaphini. Carpal (wrist) glands are present in some pigs, some gazelles and allies, and the oribi (Ourebia ourebi).…

  • Belly of Paris, The (work by Zola)

    émile Zola: Les Rougon-Macquart: Le Ventre de Paris (1873; The Belly of Paris) examines the structure of the Halles, the vast central market-place of Paris, and its influence on the lives of its workers. The 10 steel pavilions that make up the market are compared alternately to a machine, a palace, and an entire…

  • belly shooter (military technology)

    military technology: Mechanical artillery: …the Greek engines was the gastrophetes, or “belly shooter.” In effect a large crossbow, it received its name because the user braced the stock against his belly to draw the weapon. Though Greek texts did not go into detail on construction of the bow, it was based on a composite…

  • Belman of London, The (work by Dekker)

    Thomas Dekker: …Yeare (1603), about the plague; The Belman of London (1608), about roguery and crime, with much material borrowed from Robert Greene and others; and The Guls Horne-Booke (1609), a valuable account of behaviour in the London theatres.

  • Belmondo, Jean-Paul (French actor)

    Jean-Paul Belmondo, French motion picture actor who embodied the antiheroic spirit of the French New Wave in his early performances and later starred in and produced many commercially successful films that highlighted his graceful agility and easygoing charm. The son of sculptor Paul Belmondo,

  • Belmont (Pennsylvania, United States)

    garden and landscape design: 19th century: And Belmont, in Pennsylvania, was laid out as late as the 1870s with mazes, topiary, and statues, in a style that would have been popular in England about two centuries before.

  • Belmont (California, United States)

    Belmont, city, San Mateo county, western California, U.S., near San Mateo. Settled in 1850 as a stagecoach station, it was known for its association with William C. Ralston, a Bank of California magnate who in 1866 transformed Count Leonetto Cipriani’s hillside villa into an ornate, rambling

  • Belmont (Wisconsin, United States)

    Belmont, village, Lafayette county, southwestern Wisconsin, U.S. It lies about 60 miles (100 km) southwest of Madison. The original village was the first seat of the Territory of Wisconsin (created 1836), and the first legislature met there for 46 days in one of several hastily constructed frame

  • Belmont family (American family)

    Belmont family, family prominent in American banking and finance, politics, and patronage of the arts. The family’s founder in the United States was August Belmont (b. Dec. 8, 1816, Alzey, Rhenish Prussia [Germany]—d. Nov. 24, 1890, New York, N.Y., U.S.), a German-born banker and diplomat. The son

  • Belmont Stakes (American horse race)

    Belmont Stakes, oldest and longest of the three classic horse races (with the Kentucky Derby and the Preakness Stakes) that constitute the Triple Crown of American horse racing. The Belmont Stakes originated in 1867 and is named after the financier, diplomat, and sportsman August Belmont. It has

  • Belmont, Alva (American suffragist)

    Alva Belmont, prominent socialite of New York City and Newport, Rhode Island, who, in her later years, became an outspoken suffragist. Alva Smith grew up in her birthplace of Mobile, Alabama, and, after the American Civil War, in France. She married William K. Vanderbilt, grandson of Cornelius, in

  • Belmont, Alva Ertskin Smith Vanderbilt (American suffragist)

    Alva Belmont, prominent socialite of New York City and Newport, Rhode Island, who, in her later years, became an outspoken suffragist. Alva Smith grew up in her birthplace of Mobile, Alabama, and, after the American Civil War, in France. She married William K. Vanderbilt, grandson of Cornelius, in

  • Belmont, August (American banker)

    August Belmont, German-born American banker, diplomat, political leader, sportsman, and a patron of the arts who was a defining figure of America’s Gilded Age. At age 14 Belmont entered the banking house of the Rothschilds at Frankfurt am Main, and he later transferred to the Naples office. In 1837

  • Belmont, August, Jr. (American banker)

    Belmont family: August Belmont, Jr. (b. Feb. 18, 1853, New York, N.Y., U.S.—d. Dec. 10, 1924, New York), another son of August Belmont, graduated from Harvard in 1874 and then entered his father’s firm, August Belmont & Company. He took full control of the banking house upon…

  • Belmont, Diane (American actress)

    Lucille Ball, radio and motion-picture actress and longtime comedy star of American television, best remembered for her classic television comedy series I Love Lucy. Ball determined at an early age to become an actress and left high school at age 15 to enroll in a drama school in New York City. Her

  • Belmont, Eleanor (American actress and philanthropist)

    Belmont family: Eleanor Belmont, née Robson (b. Dec. 13, 1879, Wigan, Lancashire, Eng.—d. Oct. 24, 1979, New York, N.Y., U.S.), was the second wife of August Belmont, Jr. She began her career as a successful actress in San Francisco and then achieved a series of triumphs on…

  • Belmont, Perry (American author and politician)

    Belmont family: Perry Belmont (b. Dec. 20, 1850, New York, N.Y., U.S.—d. May 25, 1947, Newport, R.I.) was their eldest son. He attended Harvard University (A.B., 1872) and Columbia Law School, where he earned a law degree in 1876. He practiced law from then until 1881, when…

  • Belmonte y García, Juan (Spanish bullfighter)

    Juan Belmonte, Spanish bullfighter, one of the greatest toreros and the most revolutionary in his style. About 1914, early in his career (which extended from 1910 to 1935), Belmonte introduced the technique of standing erect, nearly motionless, and much closer to the bull’s horns than earlier

  • Belmonte, Juan (Spanish bullfighter)

    Juan Belmonte, Spanish bullfighter, one of the greatest toreros and the most revolutionary in his style. About 1914, early in his career (which extended from 1910 to 1935), Belmonte introduced the technique of standing erect, nearly motionless, and much closer to the bull’s horns than earlier

  • Belmopan (national capital, Belize)

    Belmopan, capital of Belize. It is located near the town of Roaring Creek, in the Belize River valley 50 miles (80 km) inland from Belize City, the former capital on the Caribbean coast. The new capital was conceived after Hurricane Hattie and an associated tidal wave did extensive damage to Belize

  • Belo Horizonte (Brazil)

    Belo Horizonte, city, southern Minas Gerais estado (state), southeastern Brazil. It lies on the western slope of the Espinha?o Mountains, at an elevation of 2,720 feet (830 metres). The first of Brazil’s planned cities, Belo Horizonte occupies a wide plateau encircled by the Curral del Rey

  • Belo, Carlos Filipe Ximenes (bishop of East Timor)

    Carlos Filipe Ximenes Belo, Roman Catholic bishop of Dili who, with José Ramos-Horta, received the 1996 Nobel Prize for Peace for their efforts to bring peace to East Timor (Timor Timur) during the period that it was under Indonesian control (1975–99). Belo was ordained a bishop in 1983. As

  • Belodon (fossil reptile genus)

    phytosaur: Familiar genera include Phytosaurus, Belodon, and Rutiodon, which was more than 3 metres (10 feet) long and whose skull alone measured about 1 metre.

  • Beloeil (Quebec, Canada)

    Beloeil, town, Montréal region, southern Quebec province, Canada. It lies on the west (left) bank of the Richelieu River. First settled in 1694, Beloeil, the name of which means “beautiful view” in French, is now a popular summer resort and suburb of Montreal city, 18 miles (29 km) to the west, to

  • Beloglazov, Sergey (Soviet athlete)

    Sergey Beloglazov, Soviet freestyle wrestler who won two Olympic gold medals. At the age of 21, Beloglazov became a member of the Soviet national team. That same year, his twin brother, Anatoly, won the world championship at 48 kg (105.5 pounds). Sergey was smaller in height (5 feet 12 inch [154

  • Belogorsk (Russia)

    Belogorsk, city, Amur oblast (region), far eastern Russia. Situated in the Zeya-Bureya Plain and on the Tom River, it was founded in 1860 and became a city in 1926. It is a rail junction and an agricultural centre in a wheat-producing area with food-processing industries. Pop. (2005 est.)

  • Beloit (Wisconsin, United States)

    Beloit, city, Rock county, southern Wisconsin, U.S. It lies along the Illinois state line at the confluence of the Rock River and Turtle Creek, about 15 miles (25 km) south of Janesville. The area had recently been inhabited by Ho-Chunk Nation (Winnebago) Indians when the first permanent settler,

  • Beloit College (college, Beloit, Wisconsin, United States)

    Beloit College, private coeducational liberal arts college in Beloit, Wisconsin, U.S. Beloit College is Wisconsin’s oldest college, chartered by the territorial legislature in 1846. The following year instruction began in the Middle College building. Women were first admitted in 1895. Total

  • Beloje More (sea, Arctic Ocean)

    White Sea, an almost landlocked extension of the Arctic Ocean indenting the shores of northwestern Russia. It is connected to the more northerly Barents Sea by a long, narrow strait known as the Gorlo (“Throat”). The boundary between the two seas runs along a line joining Cape Kanin Nos and Cape

  • Belomor: An Account of the Construction of the New Canal Between the White Sea and the Baltic Sea (Soviet literature)

    Russian literature: The Stalin era: …imeni Stalina: istoriya stroitelstva (1934; Belomor: An Account of the Construction of the New Canal Between the White Sea and the Baltic Sea). With Gorky as an editor and 34 contributors, including Gorky, Katayev, Shklovsky, Aleksey Tolstoy, and Zoshchenko, the volume praised a project (and the secret police who directed…

  • Belomorsko-Baltiyski kanal imeni Stalina: istoriya stroitelstva (Soviet literature)

    Russian literature: The Stalin era: …imeni Stalina: istoriya stroitelstva (1934; Belomor: An Account of the Construction of the New Canal Between the White Sea and the Baltic Sea). With Gorky as an editor and 34 contributors, including Gorky, Katayev, Shklovsky, Aleksey Tolstoy, and Zoshchenko, the volume praised a project (and the secret police who directed…

  • Belomorsko-Baltiysky Kanal (canal, Russia)

    White Sea–Baltic Canal, system of rivers, lakes, and canals in northwestern Russia that connects the White Sea to Lake Onega, where it joins the Volga-Baltic Waterway (q.v.). The White Sea–Baltic Canal is 141 miles (227 km) long, 23 miles (37 km) of which is manmade. It was constructed between 1

  • Belon, Pierre (French naturalist)

    Pierre Belon, French naturalist whose discussion of dolphin embryos and systematic comparisons of the skeletons of birds and humans mark the beginnings of modern embryology and comparative anatomy. Belon studied botany at the University of Wittenberg (1540) and, under the patronage of Fran?ois,

  • Belone belone (fish, Belone species)

    Garfish, European species of needlefish

  • Belonidae (fish)

    Needlefish, any of the long, slim, primarily marine fishes of the family Belonidae (order Atheriniformes), found throughout temperate and tropical waters. Needlefish are adept jumpers, carnivorous in habit, and distinguished by long, slender jaws equipped with sharp teeth. They are silvery fish,

  • Beloniformes (fish order)

    fish: Annotated classification: Order Beloniformes (medakas, needlefishes, halfbeaks, and allies) Absence of the interhyal bone; reduction or loss of the interarcual cartilage; a single, ventral hypohyal bone; distinctive caudal skeleton characterized by the lower caudal lobe with more principal rays than in the upper caudal lobe. 5 families, with…

  • belonite (geology)

    crystallite: Belonites are elongated with pointed or rounded ends; they include the forms called longulites (elongated), spiculites (tapered toward both ends), and clavalites (dumbbell-shaped).

  • Belontiidae (fish family)

    labyrinth fish: …in five families: Badidae, Anabantidae, Belontiidae, Helostomatidae, and Osphronemidae.

  • Beloretsk (Russia)

    Beloretsk, city, Bashkortostan, west-central Russia. It lies near the headwaters of the Belaya River, a tributary of the Kama. It was founded as a mining settlement in 1762 when a metallurgical factory was constructed nearby. Beloretsk remains a metallurgical centre and has medical and teachers

  • Beloruska language

    Belarusian language, East Slavic language that is historically the native language of most Belarusians. Many 20th-century governments of Belarus had policies favouring the Russian language, and, as a result, Russian is more widely used in education and public life than Belarusian. Belarusian forms

  • Belorussia

    Belarus, country of eastern Europe. Until it became independent in 1991, Belarus, formerly known as Belorussia or White Russia, was the smallest of the three Slavic republics included in the Soviet Union (the larger two being Russia and Ukraine). While Belarusians share a distinct ethnic identity

  • Belorussian (people)

    Belarus: Ethnic groups: Ethnic Belarusians make up about four-fifths of the country’s population. Russians, many of whom migrated to the Belorussian S.S.R. in the 1960s, ’70s, and ’80s, form the second largest ethnic group, accounting for roughly one-tenth of the population. Most of the remainder are Poles and Ukrainians,…

  • Belorussian Catholic Church

    Belorussian Catholic Church, an Eastern Catholic church of the Byzantine rite, in communion with the Roman Catholic Church since the Union of Brest-Litovsk in 1596. There were several million Belorussians in the 17th–18th century belonging to the Kievan metropolitanate. After the annexation of

  • Belorussian language

    Belarusian language, East Slavic language that is historically the native language of most Belarusians. Many 20th-century governments of Belarus had policies favouring the Russian language, and, as a result, Russian is more widely used in education and public life than Belarusian. Belarusian forms

  • Belorussian Soviet Socialist Republic

    Belarus, country of eastern Europe. Until it became independent in 1991, Belarus, formerly known as Belorussia or White Russia, was the smallest of the three Slavic republics included in the Soviet Union (the larger two being Russia and Ukraine). While Belarusians share a distinct ethnic identity

  • Belos (Greek deity)

    Baal: …became known as the Greek Belos, identified with Zeus.

  • Belostomatidae (insect)

    Giant water bug, any wide and flat-bodied aquatic insect of the family Belostomatidae (order Heteroptera). This family, although containing only about 100 species, includes the largest bugs in the order: sometimes exceeding 10 cm (4 inches) in the South American species Lethocerus grandis and

  • belote (card game)

    Belote, trick-and-meld card game derived from klaberjass about 1920 and now the most popular card game in France. The original game was for two players, and there are versions for three players, but the most popular form now is the four-player partnership game, also known as belote coinchée or just

  • belote coinchée (card game)

    belote: …as belote coinchée or just coinche, that developed in the latter half of the 20th century.

  • Belotelsonidea (crustacean)

    malacostracan: Annotated classification: ?Order Belotelsonidea Carboniferous; carapace large; thoracic legs 1-branched, simple, without pincers; pleopods flaplike; telson with furcae; 1 family. Order Euphausiacea (krill) Carboniferous? to Holocene; carapace not covering leg bases; 8 thoracic legs biramous, unspecialized, bearing tuffy gills; telson with furcae; long series

  • Belotsarsk (Russia)

    Kyzyl, city and capital of Tyva (Tuva) republic, central Russia. It lies at the confluence of the Great Yenisey and Little Yenisey rivers where they form the upper Yenisey. Kyzyl’s industries include tanning, timber working, brickworking, and food processing. The city has an agricultural college

  • belotte (card game)

    Belote, trick-and-meld card game derived from klaberjass about 1920 and now the most popular card game in France. The original game was for two players, and there are versions for three players, but the most popular form now is the four-player partnership game, also known as belote coinchée or just

  • Belotto, Canaletto (Italian painter)

    Bernardo Bellotto, vedute (“view”) painter of the Venetian school known for his carefully drawn topographical paintings of central Italian and eastern European cities. Bellotto studied under his uncle, Canaletto, and was himself known by that name when painting outside Italy. Bellotto’s urban

  • Belouga (weapon)

    tactical weapons system: Air-to-surface systems: The French Belouga system is a cluster of small grenades encased in a bomb that is released over the target area—such as a group of tanks—where it then ejects the grenades. They descend by parachute and, if they hit on or near a tank, they detonate on…

  • Belousov, Vladimir Vladimirovich (Soviet geologist)

    Vladimir Vladimirovich Belousov, Soviet geologist and geophysicist who in 1942 advanced the theory that the Earth’s material has gradually differentiated according to its density to produce the present internal structure of the Earth and that this gradual movement is the basic cause of movements of

  • Belousova, Lyudmila (Russian figure skater)

    Oleg Protopopov and Lyudmila Belousova: Protopopov and Belousova began skating at age 15 and 16, respectively, rather late for serious skaters. They met in 1954 (when he had completed his service in the Soviet navy), began to skate together, and married in 1957. They entered their first world championships in 1958, in…

  • Belousova, Lyudmila Yevgeniyevna (Russian figure skater)

    Oleg Protopopov and Lyudmila Belousova: Protopopov and Belousova began skating at age 15 and 16, respectively, rather late for serious skaters. They met in 1954 (when he had completed his service in the Soviet navy), began to skate together, and married in 1957. They entered their first world championships in 1958, in…

  • Beloved (film by Demme [1998])

    Beloved: Analysis: A film adaptation starring Oprah Winfrey was released in 1998.

  • Beloved (novel by Morrison)

    Beloved, novel by Toni Morrison, published in 1987 and winner of the 1988 Pulitzer Prize for fiction. The work examines the destructive legacy of slavery as it chronicles the life of a black woman named Sethe, from her pre-Civil War days as a slave in Kentucky to her time in Cincinnati, Ohio, in

  • Beloved Friend (work by Bowen)

    biography: Interpretative biography: …her lives of Tchaikovsky, “Beloved Friend” (1937), and Oliver Wendell Holmes, Yankee from Olympus (1944). She molds her sources into a vivid narrative, worked up into dramatic scenes that always have some warranty of documentation—the dialogue, for example, is sometimes devised from the indirect discourse of letter or diary.…

  • Beloved Infidel (film by King [1959])

    Henry King: Later films: …Is Mine (1959), King made Beloved Infidel (1959), an unsatisfying dramatizion of the love affair between F. Scott Fitzgerald (Peck) and gossip columnist Sheilah Graham (Deborah Kerr). Fitzgerald was no better served in King’s 1962 adaptation of the writer’s novel Tender Is the Night. Producer David O. Selznick

  • Beloved Mother of the Redeemer (work by Dufay)

    paraphrase: …motet Alma redemptoris mater (Beloved Mother of the Redeemer) by Guillaume Dufay, or in all voice parts through the technique of melodic imitation, as in the Missa pange lingua (mass on the plainsong hymn “Pange lingua” [“Sing, My Tongue”]) by Josquin des Prez.

  • Beloved Returns, The (work by Mann)

    Thomas Mann: Later novels: title, The Beloved Returns). Lotte Kestner, the heroine of Goethe’s The Sorrows of Young Werther, his semi-autobiographical story of unrequited love and romantic despair, visits Weimar in old age to see once again her old lover, now famous, and win some acknowledgment from him. But Goethe…

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