You are using an outdated browser. Please upgrade your browser to improve your experience and security.
  • beta-propiolactone (chemical compound)

    lactone: …important lactones include diketene and β-propanolactone used in the synthesis of acetoacetic acid derivatives and β-substituted propanoic (propionic) acids, respectively; the perfume ingredients pentadecanolide and ambrettolide; vitamin C; and the antibiotics methymycin, erythromycin, and carbomycin.

  • beta-quartz (mineral)

    silica mineral: High quartz (β-quartz): High quartz, or β-quartz, is the more symmetrical form quartz takes at sufficiently high temperatures (about 573 °C at one atmosphere of pressure), but the relationship is pressure-sensitive. High quartz may be either left- or right-handed, and its c axis is one…

  • beta-thalassemia (pathology)

    thalassemia: Genetic defects of thalassemia: Beta-thalassemia constitutes the majority of all thalassemias. A number of genetic mechanisms account for impaired production of β-chains, all of which result in inadequate supplies of messenger RNA (mRNA) available for proper synthesis of the β-chain at the ribosome (the protein-synthesizing organelle within cells). In…

  • beta2-tridymite (mineral)

    tridymite: It has three modifications: high-tridymite, middle-tridymite, and low-tridymite. Tridymite forms thin hexagonal plates that are generally twinned, often in groups of three; its name alludes to this habit. It commonly occurs in igneous rocks, more abundantly than cristobalite, as in the trachytes of Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany; northern Italy; and in…

  • Betaherpesvirinae (subfamily of viruses)

    virus: Annotated classification: …equine herpesvirus, and varicella-zoster virus; Betaherpesvirinae, composed of species of cytomegaloviruses; and Gammaherpesvirinae, composed of genera familiarly called Epstein-Barr virus, baboon herpesvirus, chimpanzee herpesvirus, Marek’s disease virus of chickens, turkey herpesvirus, herpesvirus saimiri, and herpesvirus ateles. Family Iridoviridae

  • betaine (chemical compound)

    metabolic disease: Disorders of amino acid metabolism: Therapy with folic acid, betaine (a medication that removes extra homocysteine from the body), aspirin, and dietary restriction of protein and methionine also may be of benefit.

  • betalain (chemistry)

    Amaranthaceae: …of the presence of characteristic betalain pigments. The small flowers can be bisexual or unisexual and are often borne in dense spikes; several leaflike bracts usually are present below each flower. The fruit may be a capsule, utricle, nutlet, drupe, or berry. Many species in the family are C4 plants,…

  • Betamax (electronics)

    videocassette recorder: …the subsequent development of the Betamax format by Sony and the VHS format by the Matsushita Corporation in the 1970s, videocassette recorders became sufficiently inexpensive to be purchased by millions of families for use in the home. Both the VHS and Betamax systems use videotape that is 0.5 inch (13…

  • Betancourt, Ingrid (Colombian politician)

    Ingrid Betancourt, Colombian politician whose long captivity as the hostage of Marxist guerrillas and eventual rescue in 2008 made headlines throughout the world. She served as a senator from 1998 to 2002, and, while running for president in the latter year, she was kidnapped. Betancourt, who holds

  • Betancourt, Rómulo (president of Venezuela)

    Rómulo Betancourt, left-wing, anticommunist politician who, as president of Venezuela (1945–48; 1959–64), pursued policies of agrarian reform, industrial development, and popular participation in government. While a student at the University of Caracas, Betancourt was jailed (1928) for his

  • Betancur Cuartas, Belisario (president of Colombia)

    Colombia: The growth of drug trafficking and guerrilla warfare: …Liberal vote was split, and Belisario Betancur Cuartas, the Conservative candidate, was elected president. His presidency was marred by extremes of violence that tested Colombia’s long-term commitment to democracy. In 1984 individuals linked to the international drug trade assassinated the minister of justice. The next year M-19 guerrillas entered the…

  • Betatakin (cliff dwelling, Arizona, United States)

    Navajo National Monument: …Navajo Reservation, the three sites—Betatakin (Navajo: “Ledge House”), Keet Seel (“Broken Pottery”), and Inscription House—are among the best-preserved and most-elaborate cliff dwellings known. The three sites, made a national monument in 1909, have a total area of 0.6 square mile (1.6 square km).

  • betatron (particle accelerator)

    Betatron, a type of particle accelerator that uses the electric field induced by a varying magnetic field to accelerate electrons (beta particles) to high speeds in a circular orbit. The first successful betatron was completed in 1940 at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, under the

  • betatron oscillation

    particle accelerator: Betatrons: …all cyclic accelerators are called betatron oscillations.

  • Bête humaine, La (film by Renoir)

    Jean Renoir: Early years: …war; La Bête humaine (1938; The Human Beast, or Judas Was a Woman), an admirable free interpretation of Zola; and especially La Règle du jeu (1939; The Rules of the Game), his masterpiece. Cut and fragmented by the distributors, this classic film was also regarded as a failure until it…

  • Bête humaine, La (work by Zola)

    émile Zola: Les Rougon-Macquart: In La Bête humaine (1890; The Human Beast) he analyzes the hereditary urge to kill that haunts the Lantier branch of the family, set against the background of the French railway system, with its powerful machinery and rapid movement. La Débacle (1892; The Debacle) traces both the defeat of the…

  • Bete language

    Kru languages: In eastern Kru the Bete language complex numbers more than 500,000 speakers.

  • bête rouge (arachnid)

    Chigger, (suborder Prostigmata), the larva of any of approximately 10,000 species of mites in the invertebrate subclass Acari (the mites and ticks). The name is also erroneously applied to an insect better known as the chigoe, jigger, or jigger flea. Chiggers range in length from 0.1 to 16 mm

  • betel (plant)

    Betel, either of two different plants whose leaves and seeds are used in combination for chewing purposes throughout wide areas of southern Asia and the East Indies. The betel nut is the seed of the areca, or betel, palm (Areca catechu), family Arecaceae, and the betel leaf is from the betel

  • betel nut (fruit)

    betel: The betel nut is the seed of the areca, or betel, palm (Areca catechu), family Arecaceae, and the betel leaf is from the betel pepper, or pan plant (Piper betle), family Piperaceae. Betel chewing is a habit of an estimated one-tenth of the world’s population, and…

  • betel palm

    betel: …seed of the areca, or betel, palm (Areca catechu), family Arecaceae, and the betel leaf is from the betel pepper, or pan plant (Piper betle), family Piperaceae. Betel chewing is a habit of an estimated one-tenth of the world’s population, and betel is the fourth most common psychoactive drug in…

  • betel pepper (plant)

    palm: Economic importance: …of the betel pepper (Piper betle), as a chewing substance. Trunks and leaves serve in local construction, in the making of weapons, and as sources of wax (the wax palm, Ceroxylon; the carnauba wax palm). Leaves of the gebang palm are made into umbrellas and books; others provide material…

  • betel quid (food)

    Paan, an Indian after-dinner treat that consists of a betel leaf (Piper betle) filled with chopped betel (areca) nut (Areca catechu) and slaked lime (chuna; calcium hydroxide), to which assorted other ingredients, including red katha paste (made from the khair tree [Acacia catechu]) may be added.

  • Betelgeuse (ship)

    Whiddy Island: In 1979 the tanker Betelgeuse caught fire and exploded at the oil jetty, sinking and causing the deaths of more than 50 men. The terminal closed thereafter and did not reopen until the late 1990s.

  • Betelgeuse (star)

    Betelgeuse, second brightest star in the constellation Orion, marking the eastern shoulder of the hunter. Its name is derived from the Arabic word bat al-jawzā?, which means “the giant’s shoulder.” Betelgeuse is one of the most luminous stars in the night sky. It is a variable star and usually has

  • beth din (Judaism)

    Bet din, Jewish tribunal empowered to adjudicate cases involving criminal, civil, or religious law. The history of such institutions goes back to the time the 12 tribes of Israel appointed judges and set up courts of law (Deuteronomy 16:18). During the period of the Second Temple of Jerusalem (516

  • Beth Yerah (ancient site, Palestine)

    Beth Yerah, ancient fortified settlement located at the southern tip of the Sea of Galilee. Beth Yerah was settled in the Early Bronze Age (c. 3100–2300 bc) and was also populated from the Hellenistic to the Arab periods (c. 2nd century bc to 12th century ad). Archaeological findings suggest that

  • Beth, Evert W. (Dutch logician)

    formal logic: Semantic tableaux: …suggested by the Dutch logician Evert W. Beth, it was more fully developed and publicized by the American mathematician and logician Raymond M. Smullyan. Resting on the observation that it is impossible for the premises of a valid argument to be true while the conclusion is false, this method attempts…

  • Beth-shan (Israel)

    Bet She?an, town, northeastern Israel, principal settlement in the low ?Emeq Bet She?an (?emeq, “valley”), site of one of the oldest inhabited cities of ancient Palestine. It is about 394 ft (120 m) below sea level. Overlooking the town to the north is Tel Bet She?an (Arabic Tall al-?u?n), one of

  • Bethanie (Namibia)

    Bethanie, village, southern Namibia. Bethanie is situated at the site of a spring in an arid region; the region edges into the extremely arid Namib Desert on the west. It lies at an elevation of 3,773 feet (1,150 metres), 19 miles (31 km) north of a station on the country’s main rail line, 165

  • Bethanien (Namibia)

    Bethanie, village, southern Namibia. Bethanie is situated at the site of a spring in an arid region; the region edges into the extremely arid Namib Desert on the west. It lies at an elevation of 3,773 feet (1,150 metres), 19 miles (31 km) north of a station on the country’s main rail line, 165

  • Bethany (Oklahoma, United States)

    Bethany, city, Oklahoma county, central Oklahoma, U.S., immediately west of Oklahoma City. It was established in 1909 as a religious colony centred on Southern Nazarene University, which was established as Oklahoma Holiness College in 1909 but later merged with the Texas Holiness University

  • Bethany (village, West Bank)

    Bethany, small village and biblical site on the eastern slopes of the Mount of Olives just outside Jerusalem, situated in the West Bank. Under Jordanian control from 1949 to 1967 Bethany became part of the West Bank territory under Israeli occupation following the Six-Day War of 1967 and later came

  • Bethany (work by Mason)

    musical form: Principles of musical form: In the hymn tune “Bethany,” by Lowell Mason, shown below, the eight phrases may be grouped in pairs to produce the scheme:

  • Bethany College (college, Bethany, West Virginia, United States)

    Disciples of Christ: Origins: …founded The Millennial Harbinger, established Bethany College, then in Virginia (1840), and agitated unsuccessfully for a general church organization based on congregational representation. The first general convention met at Cincinnati, Ohio, in 1849 and launched the American Christian Missionary Society as a “society of individuals” and not an ecclesiastical body.…

  • Bethany, Janice Wendell (American televangelist)

    Jan Crouch, (Janice Wendell Bethany), American televangelist (born March 14, 1938, New Brockton, Ala.—died May 31, 2016, near Orlando, Fla.), cofounded (1973) and led—with her husband, Paul Crouch—the Trinity Broadcasting Network (TBN), reportedly the world’s largest religious cable television

  • Bethe’s stopping number (physics)

    radiation: Stopping power: …with two positive charges), the stopping number B, according to the German-born American physicist Hans Bethe, is given by quantum mechanics as equal to the atomic number (Z) of the absorbing medium times the natural logarithm (ln) of two times the electronic mass times the velocity squared of the particle,…

  • Bethe, Hans (American physicist)

    Hans Bethe, German-born American theoretical physicist who helped shape quantum physics and increased the understanding of the atomic processes responsible for the properties of matter and of the forces governing the structures of atomic nuclei. He received the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1967 for

  • Bethe, Hans Albrecht (American physicist)

    Hans Bethe, German-born American theoretical physicist who helped shape quantum physics and increased the understanding of the atomic processes responsible for the properties of matter and of the forces governing the structures of atomic nuclei. He received the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1967 for

  • Bethel (ancient city, Palestine)

    Bethel, ancient city of Palestine, located just north of Jerusalem. Originally called Luz and in modern times Baytin, Bethel was important in Old Testament times and was frequently associated with Abraham and Jacob. Excavations, carried out by the American School of Oriental Research and the

  • Bethel (New York, United States)

    Woodstock: …on a farm property in Bethel, New York, August 15–18, 1969. The Woodstock Music and Art Fair was organized by four inexperienced promoters who nonetheless signed a who’s who of current rock acts, including Jimi Hendrix, Sly and the Family Stone, the Who, the Grateful Dead

  • Bethel Bible College (college, Topeka, Kansas, United States)

    Pentecostalism: The origins of Pentecostalism: …the early 20th century at Bethel Bible College, a small religious school in Topeka, Kansas. The college’s director, Charles Fox Parham, one of many ministers who was influenced by the Holiness movement, believed that the complacent, worldly, and coldly formalistic church needed to be revived by another outpouring of the…

  • Bethel School District No. 403 v. Fraser (law case)

    Bethel School District No. 403 v. Fraser, case in which the U.S. Supreme Court on July 7, 1986, ruled (7–2) that school officials did not violate a student’s free speech and due process rights when he was disciplined for making a lewd and vulgar speech at a school assembly. In April 1983 Matthew

  • Bethell process (industrial process)

    Full-cell process, method of impregnating wood with preservatives, devised in the 19th century by the U.S. inventor John Bethell. It involves sealing the wood in a pressure chamber and applying a vacuum in order to remove air and moisture from the wood cells. The wood is then pressure-treated with

  • Bethell, John (American inventor)

    full-cell process: inventor John Bethell. It involves sealing the wood in a pressure chamber and applying a vacuum in order to remove air and moisture from the wood cells. The wood is then pressure-treated with preservatives in order to impregnate the full wood cell (that is, the cell…

  • Béthencourt, Jean de (French explorer)

    Jean de Béthencourt, Norman-French explorer, known as the conqueror of the Canary Islands. Béthencourt set out for the Canaries from La Rochelle, France, on May 1, 1402, in a joint expedition with Gadifer de La Salle. The two explorers had obtained a bull from the antipope Benedict XIII granting

  • Bethesda (Maryland, United States)

    Bethesda–Chevy Chase: …a group of communities (Bethesda and several associated with Chevy Chase) that prior to 1949 were governed by county commissioners and thereafter came mostly under the jurisdiction of chartered, popularly elected councils. The district takes its name from the Bethesda Presbyterian Church, built in 1820 on the Georgetown-Frederick Pike…

  • Bethesda-Chevy Chase (district, Maryland, United States)

    Bethesda–Chevy Chase, northwestern suburban area of Washington, D.C., in Montgomery county, Maryland, U.S. It is not an incorporated entity but a group of communities (Bethesda and several associated with Chevy Chase) that prior to 1949 were governed by county commissioners and thereafter came

  • Bethia (British ship)

    Bounty, English armed transport ship remembered for the mutiny of her crew on April 28, 1789, while she was under the command of Capt. William Bligh (q.v.). See also Christian,

  • Bethke, Bruce (American author)

    cyberpunk: …cyberpunk was coined by writer Bruce Bethke, who wrote a story with that title in 1982. He derived the term from the words cybernetics, the science of replacing human functions with computerized ones, and punk, the cacophonous music and nihilistic sensibility that developed in the youth culture during the 1970s…

  • Bethlehem (South Africa)

    Bethlehem, town, northeastern Free State province, South Africa, located near the northernmost point of Lesotho, at an elevation of 5,368 feet (1,636 m). Founded in 1860, it was named Bethlehem (“House of Bread”), after its Biblical counterpart, because wheat thrived in the region. The river

  • Bethlehem (town, West Bank)

    Bethlehem, town in the West Bank, situated in the Judaean Hills 5 miles (8 km) south of Jerusalem. According to the Gospels (Matthew 2; Luke 2), Bethlehem was the site of the Nativity of Jesus Christ. Christian theology has linked this with the belief that his birth there fulfills the Old Testament

  • Bethlehem (Pennsylvania, United States)

    Bethlehem, city, Northampton and Lehigh counties, eastern Pennsylvania, U.S. It lies on both sides of the Lehigh River and with Allentown and Easton forms an urban industrial complex. Founded in 1741 by Moravian missionaries, it received its name from a carol about Jesus Christ’s traditional

  • Bethlehem Chapel (chapel, Prague, Czech Republic)

    Jan Hus: Leader of Czech reform movement: …1391 Milí?’s pupils founded the Bethlehem Chapel in Prague, where public sermons were preached in Czech (rather than in Latin) in the spirit of Milíc?’s teaching. From 1402 Hus was in charge of the chapel, which had become the centre of the growing national reform movement in Bohemia. He became…

  • Bethlehem Ephrathah (town, West Bank)

    Bethlehem, town in the West Bank, situated in the Judaean Hills 5 miles (8 km) south of Jerusalem. According to the Gospels (Matthew 2; Luke 2), Bethlehem was the site of the Nativity of Jesus Christ. Christian theology has linked this with the belief that his birth there fulfills the Old Testament

  • Bethlehem Royal Hospital (hospital, Beckenham, England, United Kingdom)

    Bedlam, the first asylum for the mentally ill in England. It is currently located in Beckenham, Kent. The word bedlam came to be used generically for all psychiatric hospitals and sometimes is used colloquially for an uproar. In 1247 the asylum was founded at Bishopsgate, just outside the London

  • Bethlehem star (plant)

    bellflower: Bethlehem stars (C. isophylla), a trailing Italian species often grown as a pot plant, bears sprays of star-shaped violet, blue, or white flowers. Canterbury bell (C. medium), a southern European biennial, has large pink, blue, or white spikes of cup-shaped flowers. Peach-leaved bellflower (C. persicifolia),…

  • Bethlehem Steel Corporation (American company)

    Bethlehem Steel Corporation, former American corporation (1904–2003) formed to consolidate Bethlehem Steel Company (of Pennsylvania), the Union Iron Works (with shipbuilding facilities in San Francisco), and a few other smaller companies. The company’s history traces to 1857, when a group of

  • Bethlehem, Star of (celestial phenomenon)

    Star of Bethlehem, celestial phenomenon mentioned in the Gospel According to Matthew as leading “wise men from the East” to the birthplace of Jesus Christ. Natural events that might well have been considered important omens and described as stars include exploding stars (novae and supernovae),

  • Bethlehem-Judah (town, West Bank)

    Bethlehem, town in the West Bank, situated in the Judaean Hills 5 miles (8 km) south of Jerusalem. According to the Gospels (Matthew 2; Luke 2), Bethlehem was the site of the Nativity of Jesus Christ. Christian theology has linked this with the belief that his birth there fulfills the Old Testament

  • Bethlen, Gábor (king of Hungary)

    Gábor Bethlen, Calvinist prince of Transylvania and briefly titular king of Hungary (August 1620 to December 1621), in opposition to the Catholic emperor Ferdinand II. Born into a leading Protestant family of northern Hungary, Bethlen as a young man was sent to the court of Prince Sigismund Báthory

  • Bethlen, István, Count (prime minister of Hungary)

    István, Count Bethlen, statesman and Hungarian prime minister from 1921 to 1931, who maintained the old order in Hungary after World War I. Born into an old aristocratic Transylvanian family, Bethlen was elected to Parliament as a Liberal (1901). Later he joined the national opposition and became

  • Bethmann Hollweg, Theobald Theodor Friedrich Alfred von (German statesman)

    Theobald von Bethmann Hollweg, German imperial chancellor before and during World War I who possessed talents for administration but not for governing. A member of a Frankfurt banking family, Bethmann Hollweg studied law at Strassburg, Leipzig, and Berlin and entered the civil service. He was

  • Bethmann Hollweg, Theobald von (German statesman)

    Theobald von Bethmann Hollweg, German imperial chancellor before and during World War I who possessed talents for administration but not for governing. A member of a Frankfurt banking family, Bethmann Hollweg studied law at Strassburg, Leipzig, and Berlin and entered the civil service. He was

  • Bethsabee (biblical figure)

    Bathsheba, in the Hebrew Bible (2 Samuel 11, 12; 1 Kings 1, 2), wife of Uriah the Hittite; she later became one of the wives of King David and the mother of King Solomon. Bathsheba was a daughter of Eliam and was probably of noble birth. A beautiful woman, she became pregnant after David saw her

  • Béthune (France)

    Béthune, town, Pas-de-Calais département, Hauts-de-France région, northern France, at the confluence of the Lawe River and the Aire Canal, southwest of Lille. Founded in the 12th century, Béthune was an independent county until 1248. Thereafter held successively by the counts of Artois and

  • Bethune, David (Scottish cardinal and statesman)

    David Beaton, Scottish cardinal and statesman who promoted a close alliance between Scotland and France and who was an implacable opponent of the Scottish Reformation. Beaton became archbishop of St. Andrews in 1539 and papal legate in Scotland in 1544. Beginning his political career in 1529, he

  • Bethune, Henry Norman (Canadian surgeon and political activist)

    Norman Bethune, Canadian surgeon and political activist. He began his medical career in 1917, serving with Canadian forces in World War I. During the Spanish Civil War he was a surgeon with the loyalist forces, setting up the first mobile blood-transfusion service. After a trip to the Soviet Union

  • Bethune, James (chancellor of Scotland)

    James Beaton, primate of Scotland from 1522 and chancellor from 1513 to 1526. Uncle of the cardinal David Beaton, he was abbot of Dunfermline, Kilwinning, and Arbroath and successively archbishop of Glasgow (1509–22) and of St. Andrews (1522–39). As treasurer of Scotland (1505–09) and chancellor,

  • Bethune, James (archbishop of Glasgow)

    James Beaton, last Roman Catholic archbishop of Glasgow. A son of John Bethune of Auchmuty and a nephew of the cardinal David Beaton, James Beaton was a trusted adviser of the Scottish regent, Mary of Lorraine, widow of James V, and a determined foe of the Protestant reformers. Educated in France,

  • Bethune, Louise Blanchard (American architect)

    Louise Blanchard Bethune, first professional woman architect in the United States. Louise Blanchard took a position as a draftsman in the Buffalo, New York, architectural firm of Richard A. Waite in 1876. In October 1881 she opened her own architectural office in partnership with Robert A. Bethune,

  • Bethune, Mary McLeod (American educator)

    Mary McLeod Bethune, American educator who was active nationally in African American affairs and was a special adviser to President Franklin D. Roosevelt on the problems of minority groups. Mary McLeod was the daughter of former slaves. She graduated from Scotia Seminary (now Barber-Scotia College)

  • Béthune, Maximilien de (French statesman)

    Maximilien de Béthune, duke de Sully, French statesman who, as the trusted minister of King Henry IV, substantially contributed to the rehabilitation of France after the Wars of Religion (1562–98). The son of Fran?ois de Béthune, Baron de Rosny, he was brought up as a Huguenot and was sent at an

  • Bethune, Norman (Canadian surgeon and political activist)

    Norman Bethune, Canadian surgeon and political activist. He began his medical career in 1917, serving with Canadian forces in World War I. During the Spanish Civil War he was a surgeon with the loyalist forces, setting up the first mobile blood-transfusion service. After a trip to the Soviet Union

  • Bethune, Robert Armour (American architect)

    Louise Blanchard Bethune: …architectural office in partnership with Robert A. Bethune, whom she married in December. The firm of R.A. and L. Bethune designed several hundred buildings in Buffalo and throughout New York state, specializing in schools. They also designed hotels, apartment houses, churches, factories, and banks, many of them in the Romanesque…

  • Bethune-Cookman College (college, Daytona Beach, Florida, United States)

    Mary McLeod Bethune: …was known from 1929 as Bethune-Cookman College in Daytona Beach. Bethune remained president of the college until 1942 and again from 1946 to 1947. Under her administration the college won full accreditation and grew to an enrollment of more than 1,000.

  • Beti (people)

    Fang: …three linguistic groups: (1) the Beti to the north, the main tribes being the Yaunde, or éwondo, and Bene; (2) the Bulu, including the Bulu proper, Fong, Zaman, and Yelinda; and (3) the Fang in the south, including the Fang proper, Ntumu, and Mvae.

  • Beti, Mongo (Cameroonian author)

    Mongo Beti, Cameroonian novelist and political essayist. A member of the Beti people, he wrote his books in French. An essential theme of Beti’s early novels, which advocate the removal of all vestiges of colonialism, is the basic conflict of traditional modes of African society with the system of

  • Betio (Kiribati)

    Kiribati: People: South Tarawa, including Betio, the port and commercial centre of Tarawa, has an extremely high population density. Most people live in single-story accommodations. The rural population of Kiribati lives in villages dominated by Western-style churches and large open-sided thatched meetinghouses. Houses of Western-style construction are seen on outer…

  • Betjeman, John (British poet)

    John Betjeman, British poet known for his nostalgia for the near past, his exact sense of place, and his precise rendering of social nuance, which made him widely read in England at a time when much of what he wrote about was rapidly vanishing. The poet, in near-Tennysonian rhythms, satirized

  • Betjeman, Sir John (British poet)

    John Betjeman, British poet known for his nostalgia for the near past, his exact sense of place, and his precise rendering of social nuance, which made him widely read in England at a time when much of what he wrote about was rapidly vanishing. The poet, in near-Tennysonian rhythms, satirized

  • Betlémská Kaple (chapel, Prague, Czech Republic)

    Jan Hus: Leader of Czech reform movement: …1391 Milí?’s pupils founded the Bethlehem Chapel in Prague, where public sermons were preached in Czech (rather than in Latin) in the spirit of Milíc?’s teaching. From 1402 Hus was in charge of the chapel, which had become the centre of the growing national reform movement in Bohemia. He became…

  • Betling Sib (mountain, India)

    Tripura Hills: …length, have the highest peak, Betling Sib (3,280 feet [1,000 metres]).

  • Betonica officinalis (plant)

    Lamiaceae: Betony (Stachys officinalis) was once regarded as a cure-all, and other plants of the genus Stachys, or the woundworts generally, had supposed value as folk remedies. Self-heal, or heal-all (Prunella vulgaris), provided another important source of herbal medicine. The 40 to 50 species of the…

  • betony (plant)

    Lamiaceae: Betony (Stachys officinalis) was once regarded as a cure-all, and other plants of the genus Stachys, or the woundworts generally, had supposed value as folk remedies. Self-heal, or heal-all (Prunella vulgaris), provided another important source of herbal medicine. The 40 to 50 species of the…

  • Betpak-Dala (desert, Kazakhstan)

    Betpaqdala, desert in eastern Kazakhstan, situated west of Lake Balqash. It has an area of about 29,000 square miles (75,000 square km) and an average elevation of 1,000–1,150 feet (300–350 m). The desert is generally flat or gently undulating but is more hilly in the east. It receives a total a

  • Betpaqdala (desert, Kazakhstan)

    Betpaqdala, desert in eastern Kazakhstan, situated west of Lake Balqash. It has an area of about 29,000 square miles (75,000 square km) and an average elevation of 1,000–1,150 feet (300–350 m). The desert is generally flat or gently undulating but is more hilly in the east. It receives a total a

  • Betrachtung (work by Kafka)

    Franz Kafka: Works: …Struggle (begun about 1904) and Meditation, though their style is more concretely imaged and their structure more incoherent than that of the later works, are already original in a characteristic way. The characters in these works fail to establish communication with others, they follow a hidden logic that flouts normal…

  • Betrachtungen über die Erscheinung der Verjüngung in der Natur… (work by Braun)

    Alexander Braun: …of plant structure expounded in Betrachtungen über die Erscheinung der Verjüngung in der Natur . . . (1851; “Observations on the Appearance of Rejuvenation in Nature . . .”). While he argued against the inductive reasoning characteristic of empirical research, his work encouraged the systematic study of plant morphology; his…

  • Betrayal (film by Jones [1983])

    Sam Spiegel: …version of Harold Pinter’s play Betrayal (1983).

  • Betrayal (film by Milestone [1929])

    Lewis Milestone: Early work: In 1929 Milestone directed Betrayal, a drama featuring Emil Jannings and Gary Cooper, and New York Nights, which was Norma Talmadge’s sound debut.

  • Betrayed by Rita Hayworth (novel by Puig)

    Betrayed by Rita Hayworth, first novel by Manuel Puig, published as La traición de Rita Hayworth in 1968. This semiautobiographical novel is largely plotless. It examines the psychosocial influence of motion pictures on an ordinary town in the Pampas of Argentina. It makes use of shifting

  • Bétrine, Jean (French preacher)

    Paul Rabaut: At age 16 Rabaut met Jean Bétrine, an itinerant preacher of the French Reformed Church, who was highly unpopular with the Roman Catholic government. It was Bétrine who influenced Rabaut to study theology. Rabaut’s consequent theological training, which led to his certification as a preacher in 1738, was augmented by…

  • Betrogenen, Die (work by Kretzer)

    Max Kretzer: …of the day: prostitution in Die Betrogenen (1882; “The Deceived”); the fate of the urban workers in Die Verkommenen (1883; “The Depraved”); and the destruction of the small independent artisan by rapid industrialization in Meister Timpe (1888; “Master Timpe”), considered his best novel.

  • betrothal (marriage custom)

    Betrothal, promise that a marriage will take place. In societies in which premarital sexual relations are condoned or in which consensual union is common, betrothal may be unimportant. In other societies, however, betrothal is a formal part of the marriage process. In such cases a change of

  • Betrothal in a Monastery (opera by Prokofiev)

    Sergey Prokofiev: Soviet period: …the brilliantly modernized opéra bouffe Betrothal in a Monastery (composed in 1940, produced in 1946) was the play The Duenna, by the 18th-century British dramatist Richard Brinsley Sheridan. Testing his powers in other genres, he composed the monumental Cantata for the 20th Anniversary of the October Revolution (1937), on texts…

  • Betrothed Lovers, The (novel by Manzoni)

    I promessi sposi, novel by Alessandro Manzoni, published in three volumes in 1825–26; the complete edition was issued in 1827. It was initially translated into English as The Betrothed Lovers, but it was more commonly translated as simply The Betrothed. Set in early 17th-century Lombardy during the

  • Betrothed, The (novel by Manzoni)

    I promessi sposi, novel by Alessandro Manzoni, published in three volumes in 1825–26; the complete edition was issued in 1827. It was initially translated into English as The Betrothed Lovers, but it was more commonly translated as simply The Betrothed. Set in early 17th-century Lombardy during the

  • Betsch, Johnnetta (American anthropologist and educator)

    Johnnetta Cole, anthropologist and educator who was the first African American woman president of Spelman College (1987–97). Among Cole’s early influences in education were her mother, who taught college English, pioneering educator Mary MacLeod Bethune, and writer Arna Bontemps, who was the school

  • Betsey Brown (work by Shange)

    Ntozake Shange: …and their mother; the semiautobiographical Betsey Brown (1985); and Liliane: Resurrection of the Daughter (1994), a coming-of-age story about a wealthy black woman in the American South. In addition, Shange wrote a number of children’s books, including Whitewash (1997), Daddy Says (2003), and Ellington Was Not a Street (2004).

Your preference has been recorded
Get a Premium membership for 30% off!
Save 30% with our Memorial Day Sale!
色色影院-色色影院app下载