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  • Downsizing (film by Payne [2017])

    Alexander Payne: …science fiction with the satire Downsizing (2017), which he also cowrote. It starred Matt Damon as a man who undergoes a medical procedure that causes him to shrink and received scant critical praise.

  • downslope wind (meteorology)

    Katabatic wind, wind that blows down a slope because of gravity. It occurs at night, when the highlands radiate heat and are cooled. The air in contact with these highlands is thus also cooled, and it becomes denser than the air at the same elevation but away from the slope; it therefore begins to

  • Downstream (work by Siwertz)

    Sigfrid Siwertz: …for the novel Selambs (1920; Downstream) and for his short stories.

  • Downstream (poetry by Kinsella)

    Thomas Kinsella: …of the poet’s imagination; and Downstream (1962), a collection focusing on war and political and social disruption in modern Ireland.

  • Downton Abbey (British television series)

    Julian Fellowes: …2010 Fellowes created and produced Downton Abbey, which began following the fortunes of more than a dozen major characters, from the earl and countess of Grantham down to the scullery maid, in the pre-World War I period. Although the costume drama, which debuted on Britain’s ITV television, was dismissed by…

  • Downton Abbey (film by Engler [2019])

    Julian Fellowes: …penned the screenplay for the 2019 feature film that checks in on the characters as they prepare for a royal visit.

  • Downton Castle (castle, Herefordshire, England, United Kingdom)

    Western architecture: From the 17th to the 19th century: …and apparently “natural” composition in Downton Castle, Herefordshire, near Ludlow (1774–78). This was the first irregularly planned castellated (castle-style) building with a Classical interior. It inspired a vast range of such buildings. John Nash is the best known and most proficient exponent of the style. Starting with his own house,…

  • Downtown (song by Hatch)

    British Invasion: …Diddy Diddy”), Petula Clark (“Downtown”), Freddie and the Dreamers (“I’m Telling You Now”), Wayne Fontana and the Mindbenders (“Game of Love”), Herman’s Hermits (“Mrs. Brown You’ve Got a Lovely Daughter”), the Rolling Stones (“[I Can’t Get No] Satisfaction” and others), the Troggs (“Wild Thing

  • Downtown Washington (neighborhood, Washington, District of Columbia, United States)

    Washington, D.C.: Downtown: The area referred to as Downtown Washington describes the business district located between the Capitol, the White House, and Georgetown. It includes Chinatown, the Metro Center, the Federal Triangle area, and the K Street office corridor.

  • downward mobility (sociology)

    social mobility: …either “upward mobility” or “downward mobility.” An industrial worker who becomes a wealthy businessman moves upward in the class system; a landed aristocrat who loses everything in a revolution moves downward in the system.

  • Downward Spiral, The (album by Nine Inch Nails)

    Nine Inch Nails: Reznor’s second full-length release, The Downward Spiral (1994), bowed at number two on the Billboard album chart. On the strength of such singles as “Closer” and “Hurt,” the album soon surpassed the band’s debut in sales. (An emotional acoustic version of “Hurt” later became a surprise hit for country…

  • downwarping (geomorphology)

    sedimentary rock: Coal: …combination of episodic upwarping and downwarping of the continental blocks or global (eustatic) changes in sea level or both, coupled with normal changes in the rate of sediment supply that occurs along coasts traversed by major laterally meandering river systems, may have been the cause.

  • downwelling (oceanography)

    Ekman layer: …downward in a process called downwelling, while a region of divergence draws water from below into the surface Ekman layer in a process known as upwelling. Upwelling and downwelling also occur where the wind blows parallel to a coastline. The principal upwelling regions of the world are along the eastern…

  • downy mildew (plant disease)

    Downy mildew, disease of plants, especially in cool humid regions, caused by several funguslike organisms of the phylum Oomycota. White, gray, bluish, or violet downy patches of mildew form mostly on the undersides of leaves in damp weather. Pale green to yellow or brown areas usually develop on

  • downy rattlesnake plantain (plant)

    jewel orchid: Downy rattlesnake plantain (Goodyera pubescens), native to eastern North America, has dark green leaves with silver and white veins. The Hawai’i jewel orchid (Anoectochilus sandvicensis), A. setaceus, A. sikkimensis, Dossinia marmorata, Ludisia discolor, and

  • downy serviceberry (plant)

    serviceberry: Common species: The downy serviceberry (A. arborea) is also similar to A. canadensis but is more vigorous and has larger hanging flower clusters. The apple serviceberry (Amelanchier ×grandiflora), a natural hybrid of A. arborea and A. laevis, grows up to 9 metres (29.5 feet) and has larger individual…

  • downy woodpecker (bird)

    woodpecker: …species of Dendrocopos include the downy woodpecker (D. pubescens), only about 15 cm (6 inches) long and inhabiting the woodlands and gardens of temperate North America; the great spotted woodpecker (D. major), about 23 cm (9 inches) long and found from the forests and gardens of western temperate Eurasia south…

  • dowry (marriage custom)

    Dowry, the money, goods, or estate that a woman brings to her husband or his family in marriage. Most common in cultures that are strongly patrilineal and that expect women to reside with or near their husband’s family (patrilocality), dowries have a long history in Europe, South Asia, Africa, and

  • Dowry Prohibition Act (India [1961])

    Dowry Prohibition Act, Indian law, enacted on May 1, 1961, intended to prevent the giving or receiving of a dowry. Under the Dowry Prohibition Act, dowry includes property, goods, or money given by either party to the marriage, by the parents of either party, or by anyone else in connection with

  • Dows, Olin (American artist)

    Treasury Relief Art Project: …was directed by the painter Olin Dows and designed to embellish existing federal buildings that lacked construction appropriations to finance such works.

  • Dowsabel (poetic device)

    Dulcibella, in English poetry, an idealized sweetheart, based on the Latin word dulcis (“sweet”). Dulcibella, like Dulcinea, represents beauty, inspiration, and virtuous love. The name was used in medieval literature and appeared with some frequency in the 16th century, but it was obsolete by the

  • dowsing (occult practice)

    Dowsing, in occultism, use of a forked piece of hazel, rowan, or willow wood or of a Y-shaped metal rod or of a pendulum suspended by a nylon or silk thread, in an attempt to detect such hidden substances as water, minerals, treasure, archaeological remains, and even dead bodies. The practice

  • Dowson, Ernest (British poet)

    Ernest Dowson, one of the most gifted of the circle of English poets of the 1890s known as the Decadents. In 1886 Dowson entered Queen’s College, Oxford, but left in 1888 to spend six years working at his father’s dry dock in the Limehouse district of London. Dowson became an active member of the

  • Dowson, Ernest Christopher (British poet)

    Ernest Dowson, one of the most gifted of the circle of English poets of the 1890s known as the Decadents. In 1886 Dowson entered Queen’s College, Oxford, but left in 1888 to spend six years working at his father’s dry dock in the Limehouse district of London. Dowson became an active member of the

  • Doxiadis Plan (architectural plan)

    Riyadh: History: The Doxiadis Plan (later revised by a French consulting group) introduced a linear development concept along a central spine running in a north-south direction, thus avoiding encroachment of the city on the Wadi ?anīfah system to the west, the boundaries of which have been the prime…

  • Doxiadis, Constantinos Apostolos (Greek architect)

    modernization: New patterns of urban life: …Greek architect and city planner Constantinos Apostolos Doxiadis argued that this process is part of a long-term evolution that must eventually culminate in the world-city, or “Ecumenopolis.” This remarkable object will incorporate areas reserved for recreation and agriculture as well as desert and wilderness conservation areas, but essentially it will…

  • doxology (religion)

    Doxology, an expression of praise to God. In Christian worship there are three common doxologies: 1. The greater doxology, or Gloria in Excelsis, is the Gloria of the Roman Catholic and Anglican masses, and in its hundreds of musical settings it is usually sung in Latin. It is used in the Roman

  • doxorubicin (drug)

    antineoplastic antibiotic: doxorubicin, daunorubicin, bleomycin, mitomycin, and dactinomycin, all of which are derived from species of Streptomyces bacteria. While these drugs may have antibacterial activity, they are generally too dangerous and toxic for that use. Antineoplastic antibiotics are associated with blood

  • doyen (diplomat)

    diplomacy: Diplomatic agents: …papal envoy is always the doyen, or dean, of the diplomatic corps; internuncios elsewhere found themselves in the tiny remaining group of ministers. Hence, the title of pro-nuncio was devised to gain entry into the first class.

  • doyen Bridel, le (Swiss author)

    Philippe-Sirice Bridel, man of letters, known as le doyen Bridel, who advocated an indigenous Swiss literature and tried to awaken a national consciousness in all areas of life. A French-language writer, Bridel helped bring both French- and German-speaking Swiss together in politics as well as in

  • Doyle Dane Bernbach (American company)

    graphic design: Postwar graphic design in the United States: …who launched his career at Doyle Dane Bernbach was George Lois, whose works were engagingly simple and direct. Lois went on to design over 90 covers for Esquire magazine in the 1960s. He used powerful photographs and photomontages, usually by Carl Fischer, to make succinct editorial statements about the United…

  • Doyle, Christopher (Australian cinematographer)

    history of the motion picture: Hong Kong: …made with the Australian cinematographer Christopher Doyle. Their bright palette and swift cutting and camera movement were on display in such works as A-Fei zhengzhuan (1990; Days of Being Wild), Dongxie xidu (1994; Ashes of Time), Chongquing senlin (1994; Chungking Express), and Duoluo tianshi (1995; Fallen Angels). Later,

  • Doyle, Jimmy (American dancer)

    tap dance: Early history: …such as Harland Dixon and Jimmy Doyle (a duo known for their buck-and-wing dancing) impressed audiences and influenced developing dancers with their skill, ingenuity, and creativity. In addition to shaping dance performance, tap dancers influenced the evolution of popular American music in the early to mid-20th century; drummers in particular…

  • Doyle, Mabel Keaton (American nurse and executive)

    Mabel Keaton Staupers, Caribbean-American nurse and organization executive, most noted for her role in eliminating segregation in the Armed Forces Nurse Corps during World War II. Staupers immigrated to the United States with her family in 1903. In 1914 she enrolled in the Freedmen’s Hospital

  • Doyle, Richard (British artist)

    Richard Doyle, caricaturist, painter, and illustrator who, together with his father, John (1797–1868), introduced into British art a moderate style of caricature, opposed to the savage satire of James Gillray and Thomas Rowlandson. A student of his father, Doyle regularly contributed (from 1843)

  • Doyle, Roddy (Irish writer)

    Roddy Doyle, Irish author known for his unvarnished depiction of the working class in Ireland. Doyle’s distinctively Irish settings, style, mood, and phrasing made him a favourite fiction writer in his own country as well as overseas. After majoring in English and geography at University College,

  • Doyle, Sir Arthur Conan (British author)

    Arthur Conan Doyle, Scottish writer best known for his creation of the detective Sherlock Holmes—one of the most vivid and enduring characters in English fiction. Conan Doyle, the second of Charles Altamont and Mary Foley Doyle’s 10 children, began seven years of Jesuit education in Lancashire,

  • Doyne honeycomb retinal dystrophy (pathology)

    macular degeneration: Other forms of macular degeneration: Malattia Leventinese (Doyne honeycomb) retinal dystrophy, which is characterized by a honeycomb-like pattern of drusen formation under the retina, is caused by mutations in the gene EFEMP1 (EGF-containing fibulin-like extracellular matrix protein 1). Sorsby fundus dystrophy, which is clinically similar to wet AMD, is caused…

  • dozens, the (game)

    The dozens, in African American culture, a game of verbal combat typically played by young men. The participants match wits by exchanging humourous insults, usually before an audience. Some versions of the dozens incorporate rhyme; in the 1960s those were important to the development of rap. The

  • dozer (machine)

    Bulldozer, powerful machine for pushing earth or rocks, used in road building, farming, construction, and wrecking; it consists of a heavy, broad steel blade or plate mounted on the front of a tractor. Sometimes it uses a four-wheel-drive tractor, but usually a track or crawler type, mounted on

  • dozer cutting

    coal mining: Dozer cutting: Exploration of coal outcrops may be accomplished with dozer cuts at regular intervals. Dozer cutting provides information on the attitude of the coal and on the nature of the overburden—important factors with regard to machine operation.

  • Do?i?, Gavrilo (Serbian clergyman)

    Gavrilo, patriarch of the Serbian Orthodox Church (1938–50), noted for his anti-Nazi stand and, later, for his limited accommodations with the Communists. Gavrilo was educated at Prizren in Serbia and at Athens and Istanbul. In 1910 he became bishop of Pe? and in 1920 metropolitan of Crnagora and

  • Dozier, James (United States general)

    Red Brigades: …Treaty Organization (NATO), Brigadier General James Dozier, was abducted and held captive by the Red Brigades for 42 days before Italian police rescued him unharmed from a hideout in Padua. Between 1974 and 1988, the Red Brigades carried out about 50 attacks, in which nearly 50 people were killed. A…

  • Do?itch, Gavrilo (Serbian clergyman)

    Gavrilo, patriarch of the Serbian Orthodox Church (1938–50), noted for his anti-Nazi stand and, later, for his limited accommodations with the Communists. Gavrilo was educated at Prizren in Serbia and at Athens and Istanbul. In 1910 he became bishop of Pe? and in 1920 metropolitan of Crnagora and

  • Dózsa Gy?rgy (opera by Erkel)

    Ferenc Erkel: Erkel’s 1867 opera, Dózsa Gy?rgy, displays Wagnerian stylistic touches in its use of leitmotifs, while Brankovics Gy?rgy (1874) employs Hungarian, Serbian, and Turkish musical material.

  • Dózsa Rebellion (Hungarian history)

    Dózsa Rebellion, (1514), unsuccessful peasant revolt in Hungary, led by nobleman Gy?rgy Dózsa (1470–1514), that resulted in a reduction of the peasants’ social and economic position. During the reign of King Vladislas II (1490–1516), royal power declined in favour of the magnates, who used their

  • Dózsa, Gy?rgy (Hungarian noble)

    Gy?rgy Dózsa, nobleman, soldier of fortune, and leader of the Hungarian Dózsa Rebellion of 1514. After having won a reputation for valour in the Turkish wars, Dózsa was appointed (1514) to lead a new crusade against the Muslims. Thousands of peasants volunteered to serve him, but once assembled,

  • Dozy, Reinhart Pieter (Dutch historian)

    Reinhart Pieter Dozy, Dutch Arabist, best remembered for his monumental Histoire des musulmans d’Espagne, jusqu’à la conquête de l’Andalousie par les Almoravides, 711–1110 (1861; Spanish Islam, 1913). Dozy, of French Huguenot ancestry, spent 33 years (from 1850) as professor of history at the

  • Dozy, Reinhart Pieter Anne (Dutch historian)

    Reinhart Pieter Dozy, Dutch Arabist, best remembered for his monumental Histoire des musulmans d’Espagne, jusqu’à la conquête de l’Andalousie par les Almoravides, 711–1110 (1861; Spanish Islam, 1913). Dozy, of French Huguenot ancestry, spent 33 years (from 1850) as professor of history at the

  • DP (political party, Uganda)

    Uganda: The Republic of Uganda: …from Buganda, and of the Democratic Party (DP), which was based in Buganda and led by Kiwanuka, conservative Ganda leaders set up their own rival organization, Kabaka Yekka (KY), “King Alone.”

  • DP (political party, Turkey)

    Celal Bayar: …as the leader of the Democrat Party, advocated a policy of private enterprise.

  • DP (political party, Japan)

    Democratic Party of Japan (DPJ), centrist Japanese political party that was founded in 1996 to challenge the long-dominant Liberal-Democratic Party (LDP). The DPJ made strong electoral showings from its earliest days, and within little more than a year of its establishment it became the country’s

  • DP (political party, South Africa)

    Democratic Party (DP), South African political party established in 1989 by the merger of the Progressive Federal Party with two smaller liberal parties, the National Democratic Movement and the Independent Party. The Democratic Party opposed apartheid and supported full voting and other civil

  • DP (political party, Mongolia)

    Mongolia: Political developments: …parliamentary elections, and a new Democratic Party (DP) was formed by the MNDP, MDSP, and several other smaller parties. For the June 2004 MGK elections, the DP formed an alliance with the Motherland Party, but neither the MPRP nor this new alliance won a clear majority. By the end of…

  • DP World (Emirati company)

    United Arab Emirates: Foreign relations: …over the move by state-owned Dubai Ports World (DP World) to take over management of a number of U.S. ports through its acquisition of the British firm that had previously run the ports. Citing security fears, the U.S. Congress threatened to block the deal, which was supported by Pres. George…

  • DPA (political party, Albania)

    Albania: Political process: The Democratic Party, a centre-right group that made its debut as the first opposition party in Albania, scored a series of election successes in the early 1990s, but it bore the brunt of the blame for the 1997 economic collapse and fell into opposition. Other political…

  • DPA (German news agency)

    news agency: Germany since 1949 has built Deutsche-Presse Agentur into one of the more important news agencies in Europe, including extensive exchange with other national services. In Canada the Canadian Press is a cooperative news agency with headquarters in Toronto. The oldest and largest news agency operating exclusively in Britain is the…

  • DPA (United States [1950])

    Defense Production Act (DPA), U.S. federal legislation, enacted on September 8, 1950, and regularly reauthorized, that grants to the president various temporary powers to intervene in the national economy to ensure or expedite the production of goods, services, and resources which he or she deems

  • DPH (metallurgy)

    steel: Effects of carbon: Pearlite has a diamond pyramid hardness (DPH) of approximately 200 kilograms-force per square millimetre (285,000 pounds per square inch), compared with a DPH of 70 kilograms-force per square millimetre for pure iron. Cooling steel with a lower carbon content (e.g., 0.25 percent) results in a microstructure containing about…

  • DPJ (political party, Japan)

    Democratic Party of Japan (DPJ), centrist Japanese political party that was founded in 1996 to challenge the long-dominant Liberal-Democratic Party (LDP). The DPJ made strong electoral showings from its earliest days, and within little more than a year of its establishment it became the country’s

  • DPKO (UN)

    United Nations: Peacekeeping, peacemaking, and peace building: …1992 the UN created the Department of Peacekeeping Operations (DPKO), which provides administrative and technical support for political and humanitarian missions and coordinates all mine-clearing activities conducted under UN auspices.

  • DPN (biochemistry)

    Arthur Kornberg: …flavine adenine dinucleotide (FAD) and diphosphopyridine nucleotide (DPN), coenzymes that are important hydrogen-carrying intermediaries in biological oxidations and reductions.

  • DPP (political party, Taiwan)

    Democratic Progressive Party (DPP), political party in Taiwan (the Republic of China [ROC]). It was formed in September 1986 by those who initially sought self-determination for people considered to be ethnically Taiwanese, democratic freedoms, the establishment of economic ties with the People’s

  • DPT (vaccine)

    infectious disease: Diphtheria toxoid: … toxoid and pertussis vaccine (DPT), combined with tetanus toxoid alone (DT), and combined with tetanus toxoid for adults (Td). The Td preparation contains only 15 to 20 percent of the diphtheria toxoid present in the DPT vaccine and is more suitable for use in older children and adults.

  • DQ Herculis (astronomy)

    Nova Herculis, one of the brightest novas of the 20th century, discovered Dec. 13, 1934, by the British amateur astronomer J.P.M. Prentice, in the northern constellation Hercules. It reached an apparent visual magnitude of 1.4 and remained visible to the unaided eye for months. At its centre was

  • dr (unit of weight)

    Dram, unit of weight in the apothecaries’ and avoirdupois systems. An apothecaries’ dram contains 3 scruples (3.888 grams) of 20 grains each and is equal to one-eighth apothecaries’ ounce of 480 grains. The avoirdupois dram contains 27.344 grains (1.772 grams) and is equal to one-sixteenth

  • DR (metallurgy)

    iron processing: Direct reduction (DR): This is any process in which iron is extracted from ore at a temperature below the melting points of the materials involved. Gangue remains in the spongelike product, known as direct-reduced iron, or DRI, and must be removed in a subsequent steelmaking…

  • Dr. Cyclops (film by Schoedsack [1940])

    Ernest B. Schoedsack: Later films: The Last Days of Pompeii, Dr. Cyclops, and Mighty Joe Young: …at a grade-A fantasy with Dr. Cyclops (1940). Though it did not turn out to be another King Kong, it was Hollywood’s first Technicolor excursion into science fiction, with Albert Dekker as Dr. Alexander Thorkel, one of the screen’s most memorable mad scientists, who discovers the secret of miniaturization and…

  • Dr. Death (American physician)

    Jack Kevorkian, American physician who gained international attention through his assistance in the suicides of more than 100 patients, many of whom were terminally ill. Jack Kevorkian attended the University of Michigan and in 1952 graduated from the University of Michigan Medical School. Early in

  • Dr. Death (British physician and serial killer)

    Harold Shipman, British doctor and serial killer who murdered at least 215 of his patients. His crimes raised troubling questions about the powers and responsibilities of the medical community in Britain and about the adequacy of procedures for certifying sudden death. Shipman was born into a

  • Dr. Dobb’s Journal (American newsletter)

    computer: Early computer enthusiasts: …and Orthodontia, later changed to Dr. Dobb’s Journal. Dr. Dobb’s is still publishing programming tips and public domain software, making programs available to anyone willing to type them into a computer. The publication continues to reflect the early passion for sharing computer knowledge and software.

  • Dr. Dobb’s Journal of Computer Calisthenics and Orthodontia (American newsletter)

    computer: Early computer enthusiasts: …and Orthodontia, later changed to Dr. Dobb’s Journal. Dr. Dobb’s is still publishing programming tips and public domain software, making programs available to anyone willing to type them into a computer. The publication continues to reflect the early passion for sharing computer knowledge and software.

  • Dr. Dolittle (film by Thomas [1998])

    Eddie Murphy: …The Nutty Professor (1996) and Dr. Dolittle (1998), both updated versions of previous films. He also found success with animated family films, providing the voice of Mushu in Mulan (1998) and that of Donkey in the Shrek series (2001, 2004, 2007, and 2010). In 2007 Murphy earned his first

  • Dr. Dre (American rapper, hip-hop producer, and entrepreneur)

    Dr. Dre, American rapper, hip-hop producer, and entrepreneur who helped popularize the gangsta rap subgenre. Born to teenaged parents who aspired to singing careers, André Young took the stage name Dr. Dre in the early 1980s. He performed as a hip-hop deejay and as part of the group World Class

  • Dr. Ehrlich’s Magic Bullet (film by Dieterle [1940])

    William Dieterle: Warner Brothers: Dr. Ehrlich’s Magic Bullet (1940) was another tasteful screen biography; Edward G. Robinson starred as the German scientist who discovered a cure for syphilis, and Ruth Gordon played his wife. A Dispatch from Reuter’s (1940) featured Robinson as yet another famous 19th-century German, the founder

  • Dr. Fu Manchu (fictional character)

    Fu Manchu, fictional character, a Chinese criminal genius who was the hero-villain of novels and short stories by Sax Rohmer (pseudonym of Arthur Sarsfield Ward). The character also appeared in silent and sound films, radio, and comic strips. The sinister Dr. Fu Manchu personified the genre of the

  • Dr. Goldfoot and the Bikini Machine (film by Taurog [1966])

    Norman Taurog: Elvis movies: …threatens his upcoming wedding, and Dr. Goldfoot and the Bikini Machine (1966), a spy spoof about a secret agent’s attempts to thwart a mad scientist (Vincent Price) who wants to use female robots to take over the world. Four Presley musicals completed Taurog’s career: Spinout (1966), Double Trouble (1967), Speedway…

  • Dr. Heidegger’s Experiment (story by Hawthorne)

    Doctor Heidegger’s Experiment, story by Nathaniel Hawthorne, published in Twice-Told Tales (1837). Elderly Dr. Heidegger and four of his contemporaries participate in his scientific experiment on aging. Dr. Heidegger applies water from the Fountain of Youth to a faded rose; the flower regains its

  • Dr. Henry Jones (fictional character)

    Indiana Jones, American film character, an archaeologist and adventurer featured in a series of popular movies. The film Raiders of the Lost Ark (1981), set in 1936, introduced Dr. Henry (“Indiana”) Jones, a young professor of archaeology and history at fictional Marshall College, whose

  • Dr. Horrible’s Sing-Along Blog (American Internet miniseries)

    Joss Whedon: …waves with a new miniseries, Dr. Horrible’s Sing-Along Blog, a musical comedy about an aspiring supervillain that was released online in three installments. The low-budget Web production became a smash hit, and, despite not having aired on television (it was eventually broadcast in 2012), it earned an outstanding special class…

  • Dr. Hug (American author and lecturer)

    Leo Buscaglia, American guru to self-help aficionados who, by means of books, lectures, and recordings, was a tireless advocate of the power of love; he often reinforced his message by physically embracing members of his audiences (b. March 31, 1924, Los Angeles, Calif.--d. June 12, 1998, Lake

  • Dr. Jack (American basketball coach and TV analyst)

    Jack Ramsay, (John Travilla Ramsay; “Dr. Jack”), American basketball coach and TV analyst (born Feb. 21, 1925, Philadelphia, Pa.—died April 28, 2014, Naples, Fla.), stressed mental and physical discipline, team play, tough defense, and rapid ball movement as an NBA coach for 21 seasons (1968–89),

  • Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde (film by Fleming [1941])

    Victor Fleming: The 1940s: Fleming began the decade with Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde (1941), an adaptation of Stevenson’s short novel; it was widely considered inferior to Rouben Mamoulian’s acclaimed 1931 version. Fleming’s film featured a somewhat miscast Tracy alongside Ingrid Bergman and Lana Turner. In 1942 Fleming paired Tracy with

  • Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde (film by Mamoulian [1931])

    Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde, American horror film, released in 1931, that is widely considered the best film adaptation of Robert Louis Stevenson’s classic novel Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde (1886). Fredric March portrayed the kindly London physician, Dr. Henry Jekyll, who is impatient to

  • Dr. John (American musician)

    B.B. King: …were stalwart New Orleans pianist Dr. John, ace session drummer Jim Keltner, and stand-up bassist Nathan East. The album earned King his final Grammy, for best traditional blues album.

  • Dr. Kildare (American television program)

    Sydney Pollack: Early work in television and film: >Dr. Kildare, and Bob Hope Presents the Chrysler Theatre, among others; for the latter, Pollack helmed The Game (1965) episode, which won him an Emmy Award. During that time he also acted in his first feature film, War Hunt (1962). The Korean War drama featured…

  • Dr. Knock (work by Romains)

    Jules Romains: …triomphe de la médecine (1923; Dr. Knock, 1925), a satire in the tradition of Molière on the power of doctors to impose upon human credulity. The character of Dr. Knock, whose long and serious face, scientific double-talk, ominous pauses, and frightening graphs and charts convert a group of robust villagers…

  • Dr. Livingstone’s Cambridge Lectures (work by Livingstone)

    David Livingstone: Opening the interior: The publication of Dr. Livingstone’s Cambridge Lectures (1858) roused almost as much interest as his book, and out of his Cambridge visit came the Universities’ Mission to Central Africa in 1860, on which Livingstone set high hopes during his second expedition to Africa.

  • Dr. Love (American author and lecturer)

    Leo Buscaglia, American guru to self-help aficionados who, by means of books, lectures, and recordings, was a tireless advocate of the power of love; he often reinforced his message by physically embracing members of his audiences (b. March 31, 1924, Los Angeles, Calif.--d. June 12, 1998, Lake

  • Dr. Mabuse: The Gambler (film by Lang [1922])

    Fritz Lang: Early life and German films: …Ein Bild der Zeit (1922; Dr. Mabuse: The Gambler), a crime thriller; and Die Nibelungen: Siegfried (1924; Siegfried) and Die Nibelungen: Kriemhilds Rache (1924; Kriemhild’s Revenge), both of which were based on a 13th-century epic saga. In 1920 Lang married novelist Thea von Harbou, with whom he had been collaborating…

  • Dr. Miles v. John D. Park & Sons (law case)

    Miller-Tydings Act of 1937: Miles case (Dr. Miles v. John D. Park & Sons), in which the Court held that certain vertical resale price agreements substantially lessened competition as effectively as any horizontal agreement and were in violation of the Sherman Act. Subsequently, by June 30, 1938, resale price-maintenance laws had…

  • Dr. No (film by Young [1962])

    Dr. No, British spy film, released in 1962, that is the first installment in the James Bond series, one of the most successful franchises in cinema. The movie is based on Ian Fleming’s best-selling novel. Bond, a British MI6 agent (played by Sean Connery), is sent by his boss, M (Bernard Lee), to

  • Dr. Oz Show, The (television program)

    Mehmet Oz: …hosting the daytime television series The Dr. Oz Show, an hour-long program that included information on various health topics and on preventive medicine. It was an immediate success with viewers, but Oz’s recommendations on the program drew scrutiny, and in 2014 he appeared before a U.S. Senate panel that was…

  • Dr. Phil (American psychologist)

    Phil McGraw, American psychologist, author, and television personality who gained fame following numerous appearances on The Oprah Winfrey Show and with his own daytime talk show, Dr. Phil. McGraw attended the University of Tulsa, Oklahoma, on a football scholarship but turned his attention to

  • Dr. Strange (comic-book character)

    the Defenders: …teaming them this time with Dr. Strange, as the Defenders, for a three-issue run in Marvel Feature. As in the Sub-Mariner story, the three superheroes unite to dispose of a doomsday device, in this case the Omegatron, a robotic construct containing a powerful nuclear weapon. While the heroes parted company…

  • Dr. Strangelove or: How I Learned to Stop Worrying and Love the Bomb (film by Kubrick [1964])

    Dr. Strangelove or: How I Learned to Stop Worrying and Love the Bomb, British satirical film, released in 1964, that was director and cowriter Stanley Kubrick’s landmark Cold War farce. It overcame a troubled production to become a film classic. Set at the height of Cold War tensions, the story

  • Dr. Syntax (fictional character)

    Thomas Rowlandson: …publisher resulted in the popular Dr. Syntax series—Tour of Dr. Syntax in Search of the Picturesque (1812), The Second Tour of Dr. Syntax in Search of Consolation (1820), and The Third Tour of Dr. Syntax in Search of a Wife (1821). They also produced The English Dance of Death (1815–16)…

  • Dr. T & The Women (film by Altman [2000])

    Robert Altman: Final years: Dr. T & The Women (2000), with Richard Gere cleverly cast as a charismatic gynecologist who caters to wealthy society scions, proved to be one of the most commercially successful films of Altman’s late career. Gosford Park (2001), a hybrid of murder mystery and comedy…

  • Dr. Who (British television program)

    Doctor Who, British science fiction television series produced by the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC). The show’s original run lasted 26 years, from 1963 to 1989. Remembered for its primitive special effects and compelling story lines, Doctor Who became a landmark of British popular culture.

  • draa (geology)

    sand dune: Dune and sheet patterns: …very large dunes known as compound dunes, mega-dunes, or draa. These are sometimes arranged parallel to the apparent flow, in long ridges, and occasionally transverse to it in great sand waves. The compound dunes are usually covered with a smaller, secondary dune pattern, and the smaller dunes with ordinary sand…

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