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  • Draa River (river, Morocco)

    Draa River, intermittent stream (wadi) of southern Morocco. Rising from two headstreams, Dadès and Imini, in the High Atlas (Haut Atlas) mountains of central Morocco, it flows southeastward to Tagounit, hence it courses southwestward, forming much of the Algerian-Moroccan frontier, to the Atlantic

  • Draa, Oued (river, Morocco)

    Draa River, intermittent stream (wadi) of southern Morocco. Rising from two headstreams, Dadès and Imini, in the High Atlas (Haut Atlas) mountains of central Morocco, it flows southeastward to Tagounit, hence it courses southwestward, forming much of the Algerian-Moroccan frontier, to the Atlantic

  • Draa, Wadi (river, Morocco)

    Draa River, intermittent stream (wadi) of southern Morocco. Rising from two headstreams, Dadès and Imini, in the High Atlas (Haut Atlas) mountains of central Morocco, it flows southeastward to Tagounit, hence it courses southwestward, forming much of the Algerian-Moroccan frontier, to the Atlantic

  • Draba (plant genus)

    Whitlow grass, (genus Draba), genus of more than 300 species of plants in the mustard family (Brassicaceae). They are distributed primarily throughout the New World, especially in the northern temperate region and mountainous areas, though some species (formerly of the genus Erophila) are native to

  • Draba aizoides (plant)

    whitlow grass: Yellow whitlow grass (D. aizoides) is a similar European species but bears yellow flowers. Twisted, or hoary, whitlow grass (D. incana) and the smaller D. norvegica have leaves on the stems and white flowers with notched petals.

  • Draba incana (plant)

    whitlow grass: Twisted, or hoary, whitlow grass (D. incana) and the smaller D. norvegica have leaves on the stems and white flowers with notched petals.

  • Draba norvegica (plant)

    whitlow grass: incana) and the smaller D. norvegica have leaves on the stems and white flowers with notched petals.

  • Drabble, Antonia Susan (British scholar, literary critic, and novelist)

    A.S. Byatt, English scholar, literary critic, and novelist known for her erudite works whose characters are often academics or artists commenting on the intellectual process. Byatt is the daughter of a judge and the sister of novelist Margaret Drabble. She was educated at the University of

  • Drabble, Dame Margaret (British author)

    Margaret Drabble, English writer of novels that are skillfully modulated variations on the theme of a girl’s development toward maturity through her experiences of love, marriage, and motherhood. Drabble began writing after leaving the University of Cambridge. The central characters of her novels,

  • Drabya Shah (Nepalese ruler)

    Gurkha: …was seized in 1559 by Drabya Shah, the younger son of the king of Lamjung, who established his own kingdom. His descendant, Prithvi Narayan Shah, created an ethnically diverse military force that came to be known as the Gurkhas (or Ghurkhas), with which he conquered the Malla kingdom and consolidated…

  • Dra? (Albania)

    Durr?s, primary seaport of Albania. It lies on the Adriatic Sea coast, west of Tirana. Founded as Epidamnus by Greeks from Corcyra and Corinth in the 7th century bce, it was seized by the Illyrian king Glaucias in 312 bce. It later passed to the Romans, who called it Dyrrhachium and made it the

  • Dracaena (plant genus)

    Dracaena, genus of more than 100 species of plants in the asparagus family (Asparagaceae). Members of the genus are native primarily to the Old World tropics, especially Africa, and one species is endemic to South America. Several Dracaena species are cultivated as houseplants for their ornamental

  • Dracaena (reptile)

    Caiman lizard, any member of a genus (Dracaena) of lizards in the family Teiidae. These lizards (D. guianensis and D. paraguayensis) are found streamside in forested areas of South America. D. guianensis reaches a maximum length of 122 cm (48 inches). Caiman lizards spend much of their time in the

  • Dracaena australis (plant)

    ti: Ti, or ti tree (Cordyline australis), is a common ornamental. In the wild it is a tree up to about 12 metres (40 feet) tall with a crown of long leaves, but it is much shorter when grown as a houseplant. It has green or white flowers…

  • Dracaena braunii (plant)

    Dracaena: Lucky bamboo (Dracaena braunii) and corn plant (D. fragrans), with yellow leaf edges or white stripes, are common houseplants. Dragon trees, notably D. draco from the Canary Islands, can grow more than 18 metres (60 feet) tall and 6 metres (20 feet) wide. The trunk…

  • Dracaena deremensis (plant)

    houseplant: Trees: Other examples are D. deremensis ‘Warneckei,’ with its handsome, symmetrical rosette of sword-shaped, milky-green leaves with white stripes; and D. sanderiana, the ribbon plant, a diminutive and slender, highly variegated species that can be grown in water. Similar in appearance is Pandanus veitchii, which has a rosette of…

  • Dracaena draco (plant)

    Dracaena: Dragon trees, notably D. draco from the Canary Islands, can grow more than 18 metres (60 feet) tall and 6 metres (20 feet) wide. The trunk contains a red gum, called dragon’s blood, valued for its medicinal properties. A number of Dracaena species are listed…

  • Dracaena fragrans (botany)

    Dracaena: Lucky bamboo (Dracaena braunii) and corn plant (D. fragrans), with yellow leaf edges or white stripes, are common houseplants. Dragon trees, notably D. draco from the Canary Islands, can grow more than 18 metres (60 feet) tall and 6 metres (20 feet) wide. The trunk contains a red gum, called…

  • Dracaena marginata (plant)

    houseplant: Trees: …trees, includes such houseplants as D. marginata, from Madagascar, which forms clusters of twisted stems topped by rosettes of narrow, leathery leaves. Other examples are D. deremensis ‘Warneckei,’ with its handsome, symmetrical rosette of sword-shaped, milky-green leaves with white stripes; and D. sanderiana, the ribbon plant, a diminutive and slender,…

  • Dracaena sanderiana (plant)

    Dracaena: Lucky bamboo (Dracaena braunii) and corn plant (D. fragrans), with yellow leaf edges or white stripes, are common houseplants. Dragon trees, notably D. draco from the Canary Islands, can grow more than 18 metres (60 feet) tall and 6 metres (20 feet) wide. The trunk…

  • Drach, Ivan (Ukrainian poet and politician)

    Ukraine: Parliamentary democracy: …leadership headed by the poet Ivan Drach.

  • Drachenfels (hill, Germany)

    K?nigswinter: The Drachenfels (“Dragon’s Rock”), a hill 1,053 feet (321 metres) high, is crowned by a ruined castle built in the 12th century by the archbishop of Cologne and destroyed by the French in the 17th century. According to the Nibelungen legends, the Drachenloch (“Dragon’s Cave”) in…

  • drachma (Greek currency)

    Drachma, silver coin of ancient Greece, dating from about the mid-6th century bc, and the former monetary unit of modern Greece. The drachma was one of the world’s earliest coins. Its name derives from the Greek verb meaning “to grasp,” and its original value was equivalent to that of a handful of

  • Drachmann, Holger Henrik Herholdt (Danish author)

    Holger Henrik Herholdt Drachmann, writer most famous for his lyrical poetry, which placed him in the front rank of late 19th-century Danish poets. The son of a physician, Drachmann studied painting and also began to write. A visit to London in 1871 awakened an interest in social problems, and after

  • Drachten (Netherlands)

    Drachten, city in northwestern Netherlands. It lies along the Wijde Ee waterway, which is part of the canal system that flows into the larger Prinses Margriet Canal to the northwest. The surrounding area consists of lowlands; there are forests at nearby Beetsterwaag, and peat moors are found

  • Draco (constellation)

    Draco, (Latin: “Dragon”) constellation in the northern sky at about 18 hours right ascension and 70° north in declination. Its brightest star is Eltanin (from the Arabic for “dragon’s head”), with a magnitude of 2.2. Because of the precession of Earth’s axis, the star Thuban was the polestar in the

  • Draco (lizard genus)

    Draco, genus of the lizard family Agamidae. Members of the genus are commonly referred to as flying lizards, because scaly membranes between the forelegs and hindlegs allow them to glide from tree to tree. There are more than 40 species of Draco. Most species are small, with a snout-vent length

  • Draco (Greek lawgiver)

    Draco, Athenian lawgiver whose harsh legal code punished both trivial and serious crimes in Athens with death—hence the continued use of the word draconian to describe repressive legal measures. The six junior archons (thesmotetai), or magistrates, are said by Aristotle to have been instituted in A

  • Dracocephalum parviflorum (plant)

    dragonhead: …exception of one species, the American dragonhead (Dracocephalum parviflorum), which is native to North America. Several species are grown as ornamentals for their attractive flowers.

  • Dracon (Greek lawgiver)

    Draco, Athenian lawgiver whose harsh legal code punished both trivial and serious crimes in Athens with death—hence the continued use of the word draconian to describe repressive legal measures. The six junior archons (thesmotetai), or magistrates, are said by Aristotle to have been instituted in A

  • Draconettidae (fish family)

    perciform: Annotated classification: Family Draconettidae Look like callionymids but are separated on differences in head skeleton; no preopercular spine; about 12 species; North Atlantic and North Pacific in deep water. Suborder Anabantoidei Small percoidlike fishes characterized by an accessory air-breathing chamber of labyrinthic structure on each side of head,…

  • Draconian laws (ancient Greek law)

    Draconian laws, traditional Athenian law code allegedly introduced by Draco c. 621 bce. Aristotle, the chief source for knowledge of Draco, claims that his were the first written Athenian laws and that Draco established a constitution enfranchising hoplites, the lower class soldiers. The Draconian

  • draconic month (astronomy)

    month: The draconic, or nodical, month of 27.212220 days (i.e., 27 days 5 hours 5 minutes 35.8 seconds) is the time between the Moon’s passages through the same node, or intersection of its orbit with the ecliptic, the apparent pathway of the Sun.

  • dracontiasis (pathology)

    Guinea worm disease, infection in humans caused by a parasite known as the guinea worm (Dracunculus medinensis). The disease’s alternate name, dracunculiasis, is Latin for “affliction with little dragons,” which adequately describes the burning pain associated with the infection. Historically a

  • Dracontius, Blossius Aemilius (Latin poet)

    Blossius Aemilius Dracontius, the foremost Christian Latin poet of Africa. He lived at the time of the literary revival that took place under Vandal rule in the latter part of the 5th century. At Carthage Dracontius received the traditional rhetorical education and practiced as a lawyer. Though his

  • Dracula (film by Browning [1931])

    Dracula, American horror film, released in 1931, that is considered one of the early classics of the genre. Bela Lugosi’s performance as the vampire Count Dracula is widely acknowledged as the definitive portrayal of the character, who first appeared in Bram Stoker’s novel of the same name. The

  • Dracula (film by Fisher [1958])

    Horror of Dracula, British horror film, released in 1958, that was the first in a series of Dracula films produced by Hammer Films studio in England. A box-office hit, it helped establish Hammer as the successor to the American studio Universal as the leading producer of popular horror cinema. In

  • Dracula (novel by Stoker)

    Dracula, Gothic novel by Bram Stoker, published in 1897, that was the most popular literary work derived from vampire legends and became the basis for an entire genre of literature and film. Dracula comprises journal entries, letters, and telegrams written by the main characters. It begins with

  • Dracula (film by Coppola [1992])

    Francis Ford Coppola: The 1990s: …another big-budget film, Bram Stoker’s Dracula (1992). A florid, bloody, occasionally silly, violently erotic version of the oft-filmed tale, with eccentric Gary Oldman as the count and Ryder as his (possibly) reincarnated love, it was easily the most faithful and horrific version of Bram Stoker’s famous novel. It also returned…

  • Dracula, Count (fictional character)

    Dracula: Summary: Harker plans to meet with Count Dracula, a client of his firm, in order to finalize a property transaction. When he arrives in Transylvania, the locals react with terror after he discloses his destination: Castle Dracula. Though this unsettles him slightly, he continues onward. The ominous howling of wolves rings…

  • Dracula: The Un-Dead (work by Stoker and Holt)

    Bram Stoker: …author) and Ian Holt produced Dracula: The Un-Dead, a sequel that is based on the novelist’s own notes and excisions from the original. The sequel, which shuns the epistolary style of the first Dracula for traditional third-person narrative, is a thriller set in London in 1912, and it features Bram…

  • dracunculiasis (pathology)

    Guinea worm disease, infection in humans caused by a parasite known as the guinea worm (Dracunculus medinensis). The disease’s alternate name, dracunculiasis, is Latin for “affliction with little dragons,” which adequately describes the burning pain associated with the infection. Historically a

  • Dracunculus medinensis (nematode)

    Guinea worm, (Dracunculus medinensis), member of the phylum Nematoda. The guinea worm, a parasite of humans, is found in tropical regions of Asia and Africa and in the West Indies and tropical South America. A variety of other mammals are also parasitized by guinea worms. The disease caused by the

  • draft (ship design)

    ship: Naval architecture: Draft is measured from the keel to the waterline, while freeboard is measured from the waterline to the deck edge. These terms, together with several others of importance in ship design, are given in the figure.

  • draft (military service)

    Conscription, compulsory enrollment for service in a country’s armed forces. It has existed at least from the time of the Egyptian Old Kingdom (27th century bce), but there have been few instances—ancient or modern—of universal conscription (calling all those physically capable between certain

  • draft (banking)

    Bill of exchange, short-term negotiable financial instrument consisting of an order in writing addressed by one person (the seller of goods) to another (the buyer) requiring the latter to pay on demand (a sight draft) or at a fixed or determinable future time (a time draft) a certain sum of money

  • draft animal

    Draft animal, any domesticated animal used in drawing heavy loads. Draft animals were in common use in Mesopotamia before 3000 bc for farm work and for pulling wheeled vehicles. Their use spread to the rest of the world over the following 2,500 years. While cattle, usually in teams, have been used

  • draft horse (mammal)

    history of Europe: Technological innovations: …greater striking force, and the draft horse, now shod with iron horseshoes that protected the hooves from the damp clay soils of northern Europe. The draft horse was faster and more efficient than the ox, the traditional beast of burden. The invention of the new horse collar in the 10th…

  • Draft Plan (Serbian history)

    Ilija Gara?anin: …a memorandum entitled Nac?ertanije (“Draft Plan”). This document, with remarkable prescience, anticipated the decline of the Ottoman and Habsburg (Austrian) empires and argued that Serbia would be well-placed to fill the resulting political vacuum. He posited that the most likely line of territorial expansion would lie through Kosovo and…

  • Draft Riot of 1863 (United States history)

    Draft Riot of 1863, major four-day eruption of violence in New York City resulting from deep worker discontent with the inequities of conscription during the U.S. Civil War. Although labouring people in general supported the Northern war effort, they had no voice in Republican policy and

  • draft script (Chinese calligraphy)

    Caoshu, (Chinese: “draft script,” or “grass script”) in Chinese calligraphy, a cursive variant of the standard Chinese scripts lishu and kaishu and their semicursive derivative xingshu. The script developed during the Han dynasty (206 bc–ad 220), and it had its period of greatest growth during the

  • Draft Treaty (Europe [1923–1924])

    20th-century international relations: Security and the League of Nations: …as Lord Robert Cecil, whose Draft Treaty of Mutual Assistance came under discussion in 1923. Bene? rightly criticized the Draft Treaty for requiring unanimity on the League Council to declare sanctions against an aggressor, for only in rare cases was the accused party’s guilt obvious to all, as the 1914…

  • Draft Treaty of Mutual Assistance (Europe [1923–1924])

    20th-century international relations: Security and the League of Nations: …as Lord Robert Cecil, whose Draft Treaty of Mutual Assistance came under discussion in 1923. Bene? rightly criticized the Draft Treaty for requiring unanimity on the League Council to declare sanctions against an aggressor, for only in rare cases was the accused party’s guilt obvious to all, as the 1914…

  • drafting (graphics)

    Drafting, graphical representation of structures, machines, and their component parts that communicates the engineering intent of a technical design to the craftsman or worker who makes the product. At the design stage, both freehand and mechanical drawings serve the functions of inspiring and

  • drafting (yarn manufacturing)

    Drawing, in yarn manufacture, process of attenuating the loose assemblage of fibres called sliver (q.v.) by passing it through a series of rollers, thus straightening the individual fibres and making them more parallel. Each pair of rollers spins faster than the previous one. Drawing reduces a s

  • drafting machine (instrument)

    drafting: Equipment: The drafting machine, introduced about 1930, allows a straightedge to be moved while maintaining any desired angle between it and the edge of the drawing board. Combining the functions of the T square, triangle, protractor, and scale, it greatly increases the efficiency of producing a drawing.

  • drag (agriculture)

    harrow: The horse-drawn or tractor-drawn spike-tooth harrow, or drag, developed in the early 19th century, has sections 1 to 1.5 metres (3 to 5 feet) wide with long spike teeth mounted nearly vertically on horizontal bars. It is used chiefly for pulverizing soil and for early cultivation. Spring-tooth harrows (developed…

  • drag (fluid mechanics)

    Drag, force exerted by a fluid stream on any obstacle in its path or felt by an object moving through a fluid. Its magnitude and how it may be reduced are important to designers of moving vehicles, ships, suspension bridges, cooling towers, and other structures. Drag forces are conventionally

  • drag coefficient (fluid mechanics)

    fluid mechanics: Drag: …a dimensionless quantity called the drag coefficient; this is defined, irrespective of the shape of the body, as the ratio [FD/(ρv02/2)A] and is denoted by CD. At high velocities, CD is clearly the same thing as the ratio (A′/A) and should therefore be of order unity.

  • drag dredge (excavating device)

    mining: The seafloor: These are the deep-sea drag dredge and the deep-sea hydraulic dredge. The deep-sea drag dredge would be designed to skim only a thin layer of material from the seafloor until its bucket is filled with nodules. The dredge would then be retrieved, the bucket drawn up over a track…

  • drag force (fluid mechanics)

    Drag, force exerted by a fluid stream on any obstacle in its path or felt by an object moving through a fluid. Its magnitude and how it may be reduced are important to designers of moving vehicles, ships, suspension bridges, cooling towers, and other structures. Drag forces are conventionally

  • drag queen (performance art)

    Drag queen, a man who dresses in women’s clothes and performs before an audience. Drag shows (typically staged in nightclubs and Gay Pride festivals) are largely a subcultural phenomenon. Though drag has never enjoyed mainstream appeal, drag queen is a common enough term in popular culture, partly

  • drag racing (motor sport)

    Drag racing, form of motor racing that originated in the United States and in which two contestants race from a standing start side by side on a drag strip—a flat, straight course, most commonly 14 mile (0.4 km) long. Both elapsed time (in seconds) and final speed (in miles per hour; mph) are

  • drag rope (balloon part)

    balloon flight: The rip panel and drag rope: Most of the features of the classic free balloon were included in Charles’s first machine. Important later additions were the rip panel, first used on April 27, 1839, by the American aeronaut John Wise, and the drag rope, invented about 1830 by the…

  • drag seine (net)

    commercial fishing: Seine nets: …nets are often employed in beach seining, where fish shoals are near beaches. Large beach-seining operations for sardinelike fishes and other species are carried on in the Indian Ocean. The importance of this method has decreased as pollution has cut the available stocks of fish in this region and as…

  • drag tachometer (instrument)

    tachometer: The eddy-current, or drag, type is widely used in automobile speedometers; a magnet rotated with the shaft being measured produces eddy currents that are proportional to angular speed. Electric-generator tachometers work by generating either an alternating or a direct current. The stroboscope, an instrument that illuminates…

  • drag-gshed (Tibetan Buddhist deity)

    Dharmapāla, (Sanskrit: “defender of the religious law”) in Tibetan Buddhism, any one of a group of eight divinities who, though benevolent, are represented as hideous and ferocious in order to instill terror in evil spirits. Worship of dharmapālas was initiated in the 8th century by the

  • Dr?g??ani, Battle of (Balkan history)

    Battle of Dr?g??ani, (June 19, 1821), military engagement in which the Ottoman Turks defeated the forces of the Greek revolutionary society Philikí Etaireía and ended the first insurrection of the Greek War of Independence. Intending to overthrow Ottoman rule in the Balkans and to establish an

  • Dragging-Canoe (Cherokee chieftain)

    Kentucky: Exploration and settlement: …prophecies of a Cherokee chieftain, Dragging-Canoe, that Boone and other white settlers would find Kentucky “a dark and bloody land” were in large part fulfilled. During the American Revolution (1775–83), British officers antagonized the native peoples, who responded most notably by mounting raids on Boonesborough in 1777 and 1778 and…

  • Draghi, Mario (Italian economist)

    Mario Draghi, Italian economist who served from 2011 to 2019 as president of the European Central Bank (ECB), the financial institution responsible for making monetary decisions within the euro zone, that portion of the European Union whose members have adopted the European common currency.

  • Dragila, Stacy (American athlete)

    Yelena Isinbayeva: That summer she surpassed American Stacy Dragila’s world record with a 4.82-metre (15-foot 9.75-inch) vault and then triumphed in two more major athletics meets over fields that included Feofanova and Dragila. Isinbayeva finished third at the 2003 International Association of Athletics Federations (IAAF) world championships, but by the 2004 world…

  • dragline (engineering)

    dredge: The scraper dredge, also called a dragline, handles material with a scoop suspended from a swinging boom. The scoop is drawn forward by a line attached to the front, while a second line attached to the rear holds the scoop at the proper angle to slice…

  • Dragnet (American radio program)

    radio: Police and detective dramas: …life breathed into it with Dragnet, which debuted on June 3, 1949, over NBC. The brainchild of a young writer-director-actor named Jack Webb, Dragnet employed essentially the same format as Calling All Cars, but it was much more realistic, focusing on the day-to-day, tedious grind of catching crooks. Webb starred…

  • Dragnet (American television program)

    Harry Morgan: …starred in the police procedural Dragnet 1967 (1967–70), a revival of an earlier series that had featured his on-screen partner, Jack Webb.

  • Drago Doctrine (international relations)

    Calvo Doctrine: …was essentially restated by the Drago Doctrine, articulated by the Argentine foreign minister Luis María Drago in 1902. Venezuela then was indebted to Great Britain, Germany, and Italy, which threatened armed intervention to collect. Drago advised the United States government that “The public debt cannot occasion armed intervention nor even…

  • Drago, Luis María (Argentine statesman)

    Luis María Drago, statesman and author of the Drago Doctrine, which opposed the forcible collection of debts through military intervention in any South American republic. A member of a distinguished Argentine family, Drago began his career as a newspaper editor. He later served as Argentine

  • dragoman (Ottoman official)

    Dragoman, official interpreter in countries where Arabic, Turkish, and Persian are spoken. Originally the term applied to any intermediary between Europeans and Middle Easterners, whether as a hotel tout or as a traveller’s guide, but there developed the official dragomans of foreign ministries a

  • Dragomir (Bohemian ruler)

    St. Ludmila: …the opposing party, particularly with Drahomíra, who, as regent, favoured the pagans. An ensuing feud between Ludmila and Drahomíra ended when agents entered Tetin Castle and strangled Ludmila, a deed that has traditionally been ascribed to Drahomíra’s instigation.

  • Dragomirna Monastery (monastery, Romania)

    Boto?ani: The Dragomirna Monastery, located near Itcani village, was completed in 1609 by Anastase Crimca, metropolitan of Moldavia and a painter of miniatures. The monastery, fortified in 1627 by Prince Miron Barnevschi (also spelled Barnovschí), contains a collection of manuscripts decorated by illuminators who were trained in…

  • dragon (mythological creature)

    Dragon, legendary monster usually conceived as a huge, bat-winged, fire-breathing, scaly lizard or snake with a barbed tail. The belief in these creatures apparently arose without the slightest knowledge on the part of the ancients of the gigantic, prehistoric, dragon-like reptiles. In Greece the

  • Dragon (spacecraft)

    Dragon, privately developed spacecraft built by the American corporation SpaceX. The first of two test flights was launched on December 8, 2010, and the second test flight, which carried cargo to the International Space Station (ISS), was launched on May 22, 2012. Dragon has a bell-shaped forward

  • Dragon 2 (spacecraft)

    International Space Station: …new American crew capsules, SpaceX’s Crew Dragon and the Boeing Company’s CST-100 Starliner, are scheduled to have their first crewed test flights in 2019. Until then, astronauts use Soyuz spacecraft to reach the ISS.

  • Dragon Beard Ditch (play by Lao She)

    Chinese literature: 1949–76: …plays, such as Longxugou (1951; Dragon Beard Ditch), which earned him the prestigious title of People’s Artist. Another very popular play, Baimaonü (1953; White-Haired Girl) by He Jingzhi, was taken from a contemporary folk legend. It was made a model that all writers were supposed to follow.

  • Dragon Boat festival (Chinese festival)

    Qu Yuan: The famous Dragon Boat Festival, held on the fifth day of the fifth month of the Chinese lunar year, originated as a search for the poet’s body.

  • dragon cave (Chinese architecture)

    pagoda: …structure known as the “dragon palace” or “dragon cave,” consisting chiefly of a brick- or stone-lined room. This enclosure, which was sometimes decorated with murals, held a container in which relics and funerary objects had been placed. The container holding the sacred objects was usually placed within one or…

  • Dragon Kings (Chinese mythology)

    long: …into the Dragon Kings (Longwang), gods who lived in the four oceans, delivered rain, and protected seafarers.

  • Dragon Lady (United States aircraft)

    U-2, single-seat, high-altitude jet aircraft flown by the United States for intelligence gathering, surveillance, and reconnaissance. Perhaps the most famous spy plane ever built, the U-2, also known as the Dragon Lady, has been in service since 1956. A prototype flew in 1955, and the last plane in

  • Dragon Lady, the (South Vietnamese political figure)

    Madame Nhu, South Vietnamese political figure who was a significant force behind her bachelor brother-in-law Ngo Dinh Diem, who exercised dictatorial powers as president of South Vietnam from 1955 until his assassination in 1963. Tran Le Xuan was born into an aristocratic Buddhist family, but she

  • Dragon Lady, The (empress dowager of China)

    Cixi, consort of the Xianfeng emperor (reigned 1850–61), mother of the Tongzhi emperor (reigned 1861–75), adoptive mother of the Guangxu emperor (reigned 1875–1908), and a towering presence over the Chinese empire for almost half a century. By maintaining authority over the Manchu imperial house

  • Dragon Motif (work by Flannagan)

    John Bernard Flannagan: …and perhaps even the tumid Dragon Motif (1933). The spirit of the inert material seems to emerge from those works and mingle with the impressions made by the carver. Shortly before he committed suicide, Flannagan had begun to work in wrought bronze.

  • Dragon of Bosnia (Bosnian leader)

    Bosnia and Herzegovina: Ottoman Bosnia: …a charismatic young kapetan called Husein seized power in Bosnia, imprisoning the vizier in Travnik. With an army of 25,000 men, Husein then marched into Kosovo to negotiate with the Ottoman grand vizier, demanding local autonomy for Bosnia and an end to the reform process there. But the grand vizier…

  • Dragon of Hidden Treasure (Chinese mythology)

    long: …Dragon of Hidden Treasure (Fuzanglong); the Earth Dragon (Dilong), who controls the waterways; and the Spiritual Dragon (Shenlong), who controls the rain and winds. In popular belief only the latter two were significant; they were transformed into the Dragon Kings (Longwang), gods who lived in the four oceans, delivered…

  • dragon palace (Chinese architecture)

    pagoda: …structure known as the “dragon palace” or “dragon cave,” consisting chiefly of a brick- or stone-lined room. This enclosure, which was sometimes decorated with murals, held a container in which relics and funerary objects had been placed. The container holding the sacred objects was usually placed within one or…

  • dragon robe (Chinese court dress)

    dress: China: Qifu, or “dragon robes” (longpao) as they were usually called, were designed for regular court wear by men and women of imperial, noble, and official rank. The qifu was a straight, kimono-sleeved robe with a closely fitted neckband that continued across the breast and down…

  • dragon rug (carpet)

    Dragon rug, any of the most numerous group of the Kuba carpets and a great favourite among rug fanciers because of striking design and colouring. The basic pattern—great, irregular, jagged bands that form an ogee lattice—is closely related to that of the vase carpets of Kermān, upon which they were

  • Dragon Seed (film by Conway [1944])

    Jack Conway: The 1940s: …in Brittany (1943), Conway helmed Dragon Seed (1944), an adaptation of Pearl S. Buck’s novel, with Katharine Hepburn miscast as the Chinese heroine repelling Japanese invaders.

  • Dragon Seed (novel by Buck)

    Jack Conway: The 1940s: Buck’s novel, with Katharine Hepburn miscast as the Chinese heroine repelling Japanese invaders.

  • dragon ship

    Longship, type of sail-and-oar vessel that predominated in northern European waters for more than 1,500 years and played an important role in history. Ranging from 45 to 75 feet (14 to 23 metres) in length, clinker-built (with overlapped planks), and carrying a single square sail, the longship was

  • Dragon Talk (poetry by Adcock)

    Fleur Adcock: …collections included Poems, 1960–2000 (2000), Dragon Talk (2010), The Land Ballot (2015), and Hoard (2017).

  • Dragon Teeth (novel by Crichton)

    Michael Crichton: …Latitudes, about 17th-century pirates, and Dragon Teeth, which centres on the rivalry between paleontologists in the American West in the 1800s; the novels were published in 2009 and 2017, respectively. Micro (2011), which imagines the sinister applications of miniaturization technology, derived from a partially finished manuscript that was expanded by…

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