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  • Drapeau de Carillon, Le (song by Crémazie)

    Octave Crémazie: …almost a century, and “Le Drapeau de Carillon” (1858; “The Flag of Carillon”), which almost became a national song of Canada.

  • drapeau tricolore, le

    vertically striped blue-white-red national flag. Its width-to-length ratio is 2 to 3.Under the ancien régime, France had a great number of flags, and many of its military and naval flags were elaborate and subject to artistic variations. The royal coat of arms, a blue shield with three golden

  • Drapeau, Jean (Canadian politician)

    Jean Drapeau, Canadian politician who served as mayor of Montreal for nearly three decades; elected to his first term as mayor in 1954, he lost his 1957 reelection bid but became mayor again in 1960, holding office until bad health forced him to step down in 1986. He brought Montreal worldwide

  • Draper Prize (engineering award)

    Draper Prize, award given by the U.S. National Academy of Engineering (NAE) for specific engineering achievements that have significantly affected modern society “by improving the quality of life, providing the ability to live freely and comfortably, and/or permitting access to information.” The

  • Draper, Charles Stark (American engineer)

    Charles Stark Draper, American aeronautical engineer, educator, and science administrator. Draper’s laboratory at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) was a centre for the design of navigational and guidance systems for ships, airplanes, and missiles from World War II through the Cold

  • Draper, Don (fictional character)

    Mad Men: …in 1960, introduced viewers to Don Draper (played by Jon Hamm), the handsome and talented creative director of New York City advertising agency Sterling Cooper. (The show’s title was a reference to the denizens of Madison Avenue, the Manhattan street where many advertising companies have traditionally been located.) Among Don’s…

  • Draper, Henry (American astronomer)

    Henry Draper, American physician and amateur astronomer who made the first photograph of the spectrum of a star (Vega), in 1872. He was also the first to photograph a nebula, the Orion Nebula, in 1880. His father, John William Draper, in 1840 had made the first photograph of the Moon. Henry Draper

  • Draper, John (American astronomer)

    telescope: Cameras: American John Draper photographed the Moon as early as 1840 by applying the daguerreotype process. The French physicists A.-H.-L. Fizeau and J.-B.-L. Foucault succeeded in making a photographic image of the Sun in 1845. Five years later astronomers at Harvard Observatory took the first photographs of…

  • Draper, Maggie Lena (American entrepreneur)

    Maggie Lena Draper Walker, American businesswoman, who played a major role in the organizational and commercial life of Richmond’s African American community in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Maggie Draper was the daughter of a former slave. She graduated from the Armstrong Normal School

  • Draper, Paul (American dancer)

    Paul Draper, U.S. 1930s and ’40s dance star who performed to classical music in concert halls, using a combination of tap and ballet; his partnership with harmonica player Larry Adler ended when both were blacklisted during the early 1950s (b. Oct. 25, 1909--d. Sept. 20,

  • Draper, Ruth (American actress)

    Ruth Draper, American monologuist and monodramatist whose art was acclaimed throughout the United States and Europe. Draper was of a well-to-do family. Her career grew from a habit of writing sketches about persons she knew or had observed and performing them at parties. In 1911 she began

  • drapery (interior decoration)

    Curtain, in interior design, decorative fabric commonly hung to regulate the admission of light at windows and to prevent drafts from door or window openings. Curtains, usually of a heavy material, arranged to fall straight in ornamental folds are also called draperies. Portieres are heavy curtains

  • drapery (visual arts)

    Drapery, depiction in drawing, painting, and sculpture of the folds of clothing. Techniques of rendering drapery clearly distinguish not only artistic periods and styles but the work of individual artists. The treatment of folds often has little to do with the nature of the actual material; its

  • Drapier’s Letters (pamphlet by Swift)

    Jonathan Swift: Withdrawal to Ireland: …his Irish writings, the “Drapier’s Letters” (1724–25) and “A Modest Proposal” are the best known. The first is a series of letters attacking the English government for its scheme to supply Ireland with copper halfpence and farthings. “A Modest Proposal” is a grimly ironic letter of advice in which…

  • Drassodidae (spider)

    spider: Annotated classification: Family Gnaphosidae More than 2,000 common and widespread species. Anterior (lateral) spinnerets cylindrical and separated; posterior median eyes often oval and diagonal; nocturnal hunters. Family Sparassidae or Heteropodidae (huntsman spiders, tarantulas in Australia) Found in most tropical regions. Eyes in 2 rows; legs extended

  • Drau River (river, Europe)

    Drava River, a major right-bank tributary of the Danube River, in south-central Europe. It rises in the Carnic Alps near Dobbiaco (Toblach), Italy, and flows eastward through the Austrian Bundesl?nder (federal states) of Tirol and K?rnten, where it forms the Drautal, the longest longitudinal

  • draught (banking)

    Bill of exchange, short-term negotiable financial instrument consisting of an order in writing addressed by one person (the seller of goods) to another (the buyer) requiring the latter to pay on demand (a sight draft) or at a fixed or determinable future time (a time draft) a certain sum of money

  • draughting (graphics)

    Drafting, graphical representation of structures, machines, and their component parts that communicates the engineering intent of a technical design to the craftsman or worker who makes the product. At the design stage, both freehand and mechanical drawings serve the functions of inspiring and

  • draughts (game)

    Checkers, board game, one of the world’s oldest games. Checkers is played by two persons who oppose each other across a board of 64 light and dark squares, the same as a chessboard. The 24 playing pieces are disk-shaped and of contrasting colours (whatever their colours, they are identified as

  • Drava River (river, Europe)

    Drava River, a major right-bank tributary of the Danube River, in south-central Europe. It rises in the Carnic Alps near Dobbiaco (Toblach), Italy, and flows eastward through the Austrian Bundesl?nder (federal states) of Tirol and K?rnten, where it forms the Drautal, the longest longitudinal

  • Drava valley (valley, Europe)

    Drava River: The Drava valley was the chief passage through which invaders from the east, such as the Huns and Slavs, penetrated the Alpine countries. The main towns of the Drava and its affluents are Klagenfurt and Graz in Austria, Maribor and Ptuj in Slovenia, and Vara?din and…

  • Drave River (river, Europe)

    Drava River, a major right-bank tributary of the Danube River, in south-central Europe. It rises in the Carnic Alps near Dobbiaco (Toblach), Italy, and flows eastward through the Austrian Bundesl?nder (federal states) of Tirol and K?rnten, where it forms the Drautal, the longest longitudinal

  • Draves, Vicki (American diver)

    Victoria Draves, American diver who was the first woman to win Olympic gold medals in both springboard and platform diving in the same Olympiad, accomplishing this feat at the 1948 Olympic Games in London. Her father was Filipino, and, growing up in San Francisco during World War II, she confronted

  • Draves, Victoria (American diver)

    Victoria Draves, American diver who was the first woman to win Olympic gold medals in both springboard and platform diving in the same Olympiad, accomplishing this feat at the 1948 Olympic Games in London. Her father was Filipino, and, growing up in San Francisco during World War II, she confronted

  • Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (political party, India)

    Dravidian Progressive Federation, regional political party principally in the state of Tamil Nadu, southeastern India. The party traces its origins to the pro-Tamil activities of E.V. Ramaswami Naicker and others in the first half of the 20th century. The DMK itself was founded in 1949 in Madras

  • Drāvi?a style

    South Indian temple architecture, architecture invariably employed for Hindu temples in modern Tamil Nadu from the 7th to the 18th century, characterized by its pyramidal, or kū?ina-type, tower. Variant forms are found in Karnataka (formerly Mysore) and Andhra Pradesh states. The South Indian t

  • Dravidian languages

    Dravidian languages, family of some 70 languages spoken primarily in South Asia. The Dravidian languages are spoken by more than 215 million people in India, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka. The Dravidian languages are divided into South, South-Central, Central, and North groups; these groups are further

  • Dravidian literature

    South Asian arts: Dravidian literature: 1st–19th century: Of the four literary Dravidian languages, Tamil has been recorded earliest, followed by Kannada, Telugu, and Malayalam. Tamil literature has a classical tradition of its own, while the literatures of the other languages have been influenced by Sanskrit models.

  • Dravidian Progressive Federation (political party, India)

    Dravidian Progressive Federation, regional political party principally in the state of Tamil Nadu, southeastern India. The party traces its origins to the pro-Tamil activities of E.V. Ramaswami Naicker and others in the first half of the 20th century. The DMK itself was founded in 1949 in Madras

  • dravite (mineral)

    Dravite, a brown, magnesium-rich variety of tourmaline. See

  • dravya (Jainism)

    Dravya, (Sanskrit: “substance”) a fundamental concept of Jainism, a religion of India that is the oldest Indian school of philosophy to separate matter and soul completely. The Jains recognize the existence of five astikayas (eternal categories of being) which together make up the dravya

  • draw (chess)

    chess: Object of the game: …in chess: win, lose, or draw. There are six ways a draw can come about: (1) by mutual consent, (2) when neither player has enough pieces to deliver checkmate, (3) when one player can check the enemy king endlessly (perpetual check), (4) when a player who is not in check…

  • draw (sports)

    boxing: Ring, rules, and equipment: …bout to end in a draw: all three judges awarding identical scores to both contestants results in a draw, as does two of three judges awarding opponents identical scores, regardless of the third judge’s score; further, two of the three judges giving the decision to opposing contestants and the third…

  • Draw On, Sweet Night (work by Wilbye)

    John Wilbye: …and the more complex “Draw On, Sweet Night.” The latter and the well-known “Flora Gave Me Fairest Flowers” and “Sweet Honey-sucking Bees” display Wilbye’s skill in vocal orchestration: the full number of voices is not kept in constant play, but for much of the time the composer writes for…

  • Draw Poker (card game)

    poker: Draw poker: In straight poker each player is dealt five cards facedown, and the deal is followed by one betting interval, beginning with the player nearest the dealer’s left, and then by a showdown. After the 1850s, straight poker was eclipsed by draw poker, which…

  • draw table (furniture)

    furniture: England: Draw tables, which could be conveniently lengthened by pulling out the two leaves concealed under the top, were also introduced. Table legs and sides were decorated with carving and inlay, and the cup and cover motif is often found on the legs. Various types of…

  • draw-stop (music)

    Stop, in music, on the organ, mechanism controlling the entry of air from the pressurized wind chest into a rank of pipes producing a distinctive tone colour. The word stop also denotes, by extension, the register, or rank of pipes, controlled by a stop. Stop also occasionally refers to mechanisms

  • draw-top table (furniture)

    furniture: England: Draw tables, which could be conveniently lengthened by pulling out the two leaves concealed under the top, were also introduced. Table legs and sides were decorated with carving and inlay, and the cup and cover motif is often found on the legs. Various types of…

  • Drawa River (river, Poland)

    Zachodniopomorskie: Geography: …and is traversed by the Drawa River, which is popular with canoeists.

  • drawbridge (engineering)

    movable bridge: The drawbridge, or bascule, is the best known; it may be single- or double-leafed. It originated in medieval Europe, probably Normandy, as a defensive feature of castles and towns. It was operated by a counterweight and winch. The drawbridge that formed one span of Old London…

  • Drawer Boy, The (work by Healey)

    Canadian literature: Drama: Michael Healey’s critically acclaimed The Drawer Boy (1999), set in 1972, depicts the turbulent relationship between two farmers and a young actor researching rural life for the creation of The Farm Show. First Nations writers began to make a strong impact following the success of Tomson Highway’s The Rez…

  • drawers, chest of (furniture)

    Chest of drawers, type of furniture developed in the mid-17th century from a chest with drawers in the base. By the 1680s the “chest” was entirely made up of drawers: three long ones of varying depth, topped by two short ones side by side. Sometimes a flat slide with two small pull handles was

  • Drawida (oligochaete genus)

    annelid: Annotated classification: …m; examples of genera: Moniligaster, Drawida. Order Haplotaxida Chiefly aquatic worms; male gonopores in segment immediately behind testes; seminal receptacle at or near segment containing testes; size, minute to 1–3 cm; examples of genera: Nais, Tubifex (sludge worm). Class

  • drawing (art)

    Drawing, the art or technique of producing images on a surface, usually paper, by means of marks, usually of ink, graphite, chalk, charcoal, or crayon. Drawing as formal artistic creation might be defined as the primarily linear rendition of objects in the visible world, as well as of concepts,

  • drawing (metallurgy)

    metallurgy: Drawing: Drawing consists of pulling metal through a die. One type is wire drawing. The diameter reduction that can be achieved in such a die is limited, but several dies in series can be used to obtain the desired reduction. Deep drawing starts with a…

  • drawing (materials technology)

    plastic: Extrusion: Orientation may be increased by drawing—that is, pulling on the extrudate in the direction of polymer flow or in some other direction either before or after partial solidification. In the blow extrusion process, polymer molecules are oriented around the circumference of the bag as well as along its length, resulting…

  • drawing (yarn manufacturing)

    Drawing, in yarn manufacture, process of attenuating the loose assemblage of fibres called sliver (q.v.) by passing it through a series of rollers, thus straightening the individual fibres and making them more parallel. Each pair of rollers spins faster than the previous one. Drawing reduces a s

  • drawing and quartering (capital punishment)

    Drawing and quartering, part of the grisly penalty anciently ordained in England (1283) for the crime of treason. The full punishment for a traitor could include several steps. First he was drawn, that is, tied to a horse and dragged to the gallows. A so-called hurdle, or sledge, is sometimes

  • drawing frame (textiles)

    Drawing frame, Machine for drawing, twisting, and winding yarn. Invented in the 1730s by Lewis Paul and John Wyatt, the spinning machine operated by drawing cotton or wool through pairs of successively faster rollers. It was eventually superseded by R. Arkwright’s water

  • Drawing Restraint 9 (film by Barney)

    Bj?rk: partner Matthew Barney’s film Drawing Restraint 9 (2005). Bj?rk excavated the end of her relationship with Barney on the devastating Vulnicura (2015), coproduced with Arca, and she worked with Arca again on Utopia (2017), which incorporated recordings of birdsong and a flute ensemble. In 2019 Bj?rk premiered Cornucopia, a…

  • Drawing Rights (economics)

    international payment and exchange: The International Monetary Fund: …is the Fund’s system of Drawing Rights, which permits countries in temporary deficit to draw supplies of foreign currency according to predetermined quotas. These extra supplies of currency give a country more time in which to adjust its balance of payments and so avoid taking unsound or unneighbourly measures like…

  • drawing surface (art)

    drawing: The drawing surface: To these graphic elements must be added another phenomenon the formal significance of which is restricted to drawing: the effect of the unmarked drawing surface, usually paper. Almost all studies (drawings of details), many autonomous sheets, most portrait drawings, as well as figure…

  • drawknife (tool)

    hand tool: Plane: The drawknife is a handled blade that is pulled toward the operator. It is a rather questionable relative of the plane, for, though it lifts shavings in a similar manner, it lacks the positive thickness control of the plane. The tangs at the ends of the…

  • drawloom (weaving)

    textile: Drawlooms: …weaving was accomplished on the drawloom. Its origin is unknown, but it probably was first used in East Asia for silk weaving and was introduced into the silk-working centres of Italy during the Middle Ages. The drawloom had two devices for shedding: in addition to the shafts, which the weaver…

  • drawn game (chess)

    chess: Object of the game: …in chess: win, lose, or draw. There are six ways a draw can come about: (1) by mutual consent, (2) when neither player has enough pieces to deliver checkmate, (3) when one player can check the enemy king endlessly (perpetual check), (4) when a player who is not in check…

  • drawn thread work (textile)

    Drawn thread work, in fabric, a method of producing a design by drawing threads out of the body of a piece of material, usually linen, and working stitches on the mesh thus created. In Italy it preceded the development, in the 16th century, of needle lace, and it continued to be practiced

  • Drawno National Park (park, Poland)

    Zachodniopomorskie: Geography: The densely forested Drawno National Park is located in the central lakeland and is traversed by the Drawa River, which is popular with canoeists.

  • dray (wagon)

    Dray, the heaviest type of dead-axle wagon used in conjunction with a team of draft animals. Drays were either of the two- or four-wheeled type and were employed most often in and about cities for the transport of heavy loads or objects such as large machines. Features of the dray included smaller

  • Dray matones (story by Peretz)

    Yiddish literature: The classic writers: Dray matones (“Three Gifts”) tells of a wandering soul that has been sent to collect good deeds from around the Jewish world. The story initially appears to praise pious deeds, yet the story ultimately questions the merit of excessive, self-destructive piety.

  • Dray, W. H. (Canadian philosopher)

    philosophy of history: Explanation and understanding: …representative of the former group, W.H. Dray, not only constructed a series of arguments to demonstrate the deficiencies of the covering-law theory but further proposed an alternative conception of “rational explanation,” which—it was suggested—fitted many of the familiar ways whereby historians seek to render the past intelligible. Thus, Dray maintained…

  • Drayton, Michael (English poet)

    Michael Drayton, English poet, the first to write odes in English in the manner of Horace. Drayton spent his early years in the service of Sir Henry Goodere, to whom he owed his education, and whose daughter, Anne, he celebrated as Idea in his poems. His first published work, The Harmonie of the

  • Drayton, William (American rapper)

    Public Enemy: ), Flavor Flav (original name William Drayton; b. March 16, 1959, Long Island, New York), Terminator X (original name Norman Lee Rogers; b. August 25, 1966, New York City), and Professor Griff (original name Richard Griffin; b. August 1, 1960, Long Island).

  • Dra?a (Yugoslavian resistance leader)

    Dragoljub Mihailovi?, army officer and head of the royalist Yugoslav underground army, known as the Chetniks, during World War II. Having fought in the Balkan Wars (1912–13) and World War I, Mihailovi?, a colonel at the time of Germany’s invasion of Yugoslavia (April 1941), refused to acquiesce in

  • DRBC (American commission)

    Delaware River: …Incodel were absorbed by the Delaware River Basin Commission (DRBC), the body established the previous year to replace it. The DRBC—which included the four basin state governors and the division engineer of the regional U.S. Army Corps of Engineers—was the first equal partnership between federal and state governments in river…

  • DRC (capital at Kinshasa)

    Democratic Republic of the Congo, country located in central Africa. Officially known as the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the country has a 25-mile (40-km) coastline on the Atlantic Ocean but is otherwise landlocked. It is the second largest country on the continent; only Algeria is larger.

  • DRD3 (gene)

    essential tremor: …in a gene known as DRD3 (dopamine receptor 3; formerly designated ETM1, or essential tremor 1). The DRD3 gene encodes a protein called dopamine receptor D3. This receptor binds dopamine, a neurotransmitter that normally inhibits the transmission of nerve impulses in the brain, thereby

  • Dré (American rapper)

    OutKast: André Lauren Benjamin (byname André 3000; b. May 27, 1975, Atlanta, Georgia, U.S.) and Antwan André Patton (byname Big Boi; b. February 1, 1975, Savannah, Georgia, U.S.) joined forces at a performing arts high school in Atlanta. Discovering their mutual admiration for hip-hop and the…

  • DRE voting machine (technology)

    electronic voting: E-voting: …major types of e-voting equipment: direct recording electronic (DRE) machines and optical scanning machines.

  • dread (philosophy)

    Dread, a fundamental category of existentialism. According to the 19th-century philosopher S?ren Kierkegaard, dread, or angst, is a desire for what one fears and is central to his conception of original sin. For the 20th-century German philosopher Martin Heidegger, anxiety is one of the

  • Dreadful Freedom: A Critique of Existentialism (work by Grene)

    Marjorie Grene: …several works on Existentialism, including Dreadful Freedom: A Critique of Existentialism (1948). She also was one of the first to interpret the philosophical meaning of random events that occur in the course of evolution and to address the philosophical impacts of the inevitable increase in the understanding of evolutionary science.

  • Dreadnought (British battleship)

    Dreadnought, British battleship launched in 1906 that established the pattern of the turbine-powered, “all-big-gun” warship, a type that dominated the world’s navies for the next 35 years. The Dreadnought displaced 18,000 tons (more than 20,000 tons full load), was 526 feet (160 m) long, and

  • Dreadnought (British submarine)

    submarine: Nuclear propulsion: …its first nuclear submarine, HMS Dreadnought, in 1963, followed a similar policy except for a brief period in the 1980s and early 1990s, when it built the Upholder class of diesel-electric submarines. Following the end of the Cold War, the Royal Navy stopped the Upholder program at four boats, eventually…

  • dreadnought (battleship class)

    naval ship: Battleships: The Dreadnought gave its name to an entirely new class of battleships of the most advanced design. By 1914 the Royal Navy had 22 dreadnoughts (another 13 were completed during World War I), Germany built a total of 19 (five completed after 1914), and the United…

  • Dreadnought of the Darling, The (work by Bean)

    Australian literature: Nationalism and expansion: …down the Darling River (The Dreadnought of the Darling [1911]). Like Banfield and Murdoch, he identified a genial world and men whose essential character he admired, and, when he entered the world of torrid events as Australia’s official war historian, his thesis was that the courage and resourcefulness of…

  • Dreadnoughtus (dinosaur)

    Dreadnoughtus, a genus of large sauropod dinosaurs, the largest land animal that ever lived. It had a total length of roughly 26 metres (about 85 feet) and an estimated mass of 59 metric tons (about 65 tons). Dreadnoughtus is known from rock deposits of southern Patagonia, Argentina, that date to

  • dream (sleep experience)

    Dream, a hallucinatory experience that occurs during sleep. Dreaming, a common and distinctive phenomenon of sleep, has throughout human history given rise to myriad beliefs, fears, and conjectures, both imaginative and experimental, regarding its mysterious nature. While any effort toward

  • DREAM Act (United States legislation)

    Orrin Hatch: Dick Durbin helped formulate the DREAM (Development, Relief, and Education for Alien Minors) Act, dedicated to setting undocumented students on a path to U.S. citizenship. Also in 2001 he became one of the few Republican advocates of stem cell research, and he praised Democratic Pres. Barack Obama for lifting the…

  • dream allegory (literary genre)

    Dream allegory, allegorical tale presented in the narrative framework of a dream. Especially popular in the Middle Ages, the device made more acceptable the fantastic and sometimes bizarre world of personifications and symbolic objects characteristic of medieval allegory. Well-known examples of t

  • Dream and Lie of Franco (etchings by Picasso)

    Pablo Picasso: The 1930s: …of etchings and aquatints (Dream and Lie of Franco) to be sold in support of the Republican cause. His major contribution, of course, was the mural painting Guernica (named for the Basque town bombed in 1937 by the Fascists), commissioned by the Republican government for the Spanish pavilion at…

  • dream book (publishing)

    dream: Dreams as a source of divination: An ancient book of dream interpretation was compiled by the 3rd-century soothsayer Artemidorus Daldianus in the Oneirocritica (from the Greek oneiros, “a dream”). Contemporary studies cover dreams and dreaming from a number of perspectives, such as physiology, neuroscience, psychology, and interpretation.

  • Dream Deferred, A (poem by Hughes)

    Harlem, poem by Langston Hughes, published in 1951 as part of his Montage of a Dream Deferred, an extended poem cycle about life in Harlem. The 11-line poem, which begins: considers the potential consequences of white society’s withholding of equal

  • dream deprivation (psychology)

    sleep: Sleep deprivation: …considered also to be “dream-deprivation” studies. That psychological view of REM sleep deprivation has become less pervasive since the experimental demonstration of the occurrence of dreaming during NREM sleep stages and because, contrary to the Freudian position that the dream is an essential safety valve for the release of…

  • dream incubation (religion)

    oracle: …the most common methods was incubation, in which the inquirer slept in a holy precinct and received an answer in a dream.

  • Dream is Life, A (work by Grillparzer)

    Franz Grillparzer: Der Traum ein Leben (1834; A Dream Is Life) owes much to Grillparzer’s intensive and prolonged studies of Spanish drama. This Austrian Faust ends happily, for the ambitious young peasant Rustan only dreams the adventures that involve him in crime and awakes to a realization of the vanity of earthly…

  • Dream Island (landfill, Tokyo, Japan)

    Tokyo-Yokohama Metropolitan Area: Services: …unintended irony “Dream Island” (Yume no shima), originated in 1965 a huge plague of flies that spread over the eastern part of the city. The site has been under better control since but continues to be a not very dreamlike place.

  • Dream Job (American television show)

    Television in the United States: Reality TV: …special on Comedy Central; and Dream Job (ESPN, 2004–05) promised an on-air position at the premier cable sports channel. Other series of this genre included America’s Next Top Model (UPN, 2003–06; CW, begun 2006), Hell’s Kitchen (Fox, begun 2005), and Project Runway (Bravo, 2004–08; Lifetime, begun 2009).

  • Dream Journey to the Peach Blossom Land (painting by An Ky?n)

    Korean art: Painting: An Ky?n’s best work, Dream Journey to the Peach Blossom Land (1447), executed in the heroic style of the Bei Song, is a horizontal scroll depicting fantastic mountains and streams dotted with peach blossoms.

  • Dream Life of Balso Snell, The (work by West)

    Contact: Nathanael West’s novel The Dream Life of Balso Snell (1931) was the last Contact Publishing Company book. Williams and West revived Contact magazine briefly in the U.S. in 1931–33, publishing new stories by McAlmon, among other of the original Contact writers.

  • Dream of a Ridiculous Man, The (short story by Dostoyevsky)

    The Dream of a Ridiculous Man, short story by Fyodor Dostoyevsky, published in Russian in 1877 as “Son smeshnogo cheloveka.” It addresses questions about original sin, human perfectibility, and the striving toward an ideal society. The inability of the rationalist to provide answers to all of

  • Dream of Africa, A (work by Laye)

    Camara Laye: …L’Enfant noir, entitled Dramouss (1966; A Dream of Africa), is less nostalgic than its predecessor and much more heavily weighted with social commentary, because the chief character, returning to his native land after six years in Paris, finds that political violence has replaced the values and way of life he…

  • Dream of Fair to Middling Women (work by Beckett)

    Samuel Beckett: Production of the major works: He wrote the novel Dream of Fair to Middling Women in the mid-1930s, but it remained incomplete and was not published until 1992.

  • Dream of Gerontius, The (work by Newman)

    St. John Henry Newman: Mind and character: …between Sardinia and Corsica, and The Dream of Gerontius (1865), based upon the requiem offices and including such well-known hymns as “Praise to the holiest in the height” and “Firmly I believe and truly.” He was always conscious of the limitations of prose and aware of the necessity for parable…

  • Dream of Gerontius, The (work by Elgar)

    Sir Edward Elgar: …another major work, the oratorio The Dream of Gerontius, which many consider his masterpiece. Based on a poem by John Henry Cardinal Newman, it dispensed with the traditional admixture of recitatives, arias, and choruses, using instead a continuous musical texture as in the musical dramas of Richard Wagner. The work…

  • Dream of Governors, A (poetry by Simpson)

    Louis Simpson: In A Dream of Governors (1959), however, Simpson began to reflect the influence of Walt Whitman’s poetry and to experiment with free verse. Simpson came to believe that poetry springs from the inner life of the poet and that its expression should be original and natural.…

  • Dream of Heroes, The (novel by Bioy Casares)

    Adolfo Bioy Casares: …sue?o de los héroes (1954; The Dream of Heroes), Bioy Casares examines the meaning of love and the significance of dreams and memory to future actions. The novel Diario de la guerra del cerdo (1969; Diary of the War of the Pig) is a mixture of science fiction and political…

  • Dream of John Ball, A (work by Morris)

    A Dream of John Ball, a romantic fantasy in prose by William Morris, published in serial form in The Commonweal in 1886–87 and in book form in 1888. The historical figure referred to in the title was a 14th-century English priest who preached inflammatory sermons advocating a classless society; in

  • Dream of Life (album by Smith)

    Patti Smith: …her husband in 1988 (Dream of Life) and began working on new songs with him a few years later, it was only after his sudden death from a heart attack in 1994 that her comeback began in earnest. Gone Again appeared in 1996 and was followed by Peace and…

  • Dream of Peter Mann, The (play by Kops)

    Bernard Kops: Among his other plays were The Dream of Peter Mann (1960), an apocalyptic drama in which much of the action occurs as a dream, and Playing Sinatra (1991), which centres on a brother and sister obsessed with the legendary performer. Kops’s early life of poverty and his Jewish background informs…

  • Dream of Scipio (work by Cicero)

    Roman religion: The Sun and stars: …was summed up in Cicero’s Dream of Scipio. It formed the basis for the concept of the solar system on which the popular pseudoscience of astrology was founded, the Sun being regarded as the centre of the concentric planetary spheres encircling the Earth—not the centre of the cosmos in the…

  • Dream of St. Ursula (work by Carpaccio)

    Vittore Carpaccio: The genre scene of the Dream of St. Ursula has been especially praised for its wealth of naturalistic detail.

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