You are using an outdated browser. Please upgrade your browser to improve your experience and security.
  • digital subscriber line (networking technology)

    DSL, networking technology that provides broadband (high-speed) Internet connections over conventional telephone lines. DSL technology has its roots in work done by Bell Communications Research, Inc., in the late 1980s to explore the feasibility of sending broadband signals over the American

  • digital subtraction angiography (medicine)

    angiography: A technique called digital subtraction angiography (DSA) is particularly useful in diagnosing arterial occlusion (blockage). For example, it can be used to identify constriction (stenosis) of the carotid artery or clot formation (thrombosis) in a pulmonary artery. It also can be used to detect renal vascular disease. After…

  • digital synthesizer (musical instrument)

    electronic instrument: Digital synthesizers, the music workstation, and MIDI: During the 1980s, commercial electronic instrument manufacturers introduced many performance-oriented keyboard instruments that used digital computer technology in combination with built-in sound-synthesis algorithms. One of the earliest and best-known of these was the Yamaha DX-7, which…

  • digital tablet (input device)

    computer: Input devices: Digital tablets and touch pads are similar in purpose and functionality. In both cases, input is taken from a flat pad that contains electrical sensors that detect the presence of either a special tablet pen or a user’s finger, respectively.

  • digital television (technology)

    television: Digital television: Governments of the European Union, Japan, and the United States are officially committed to replacing conventional television broadcasting with digital television in the first few years of the 21st century. Portions of the radio-frequency spectrum have been set aside for television stations to…

  • digital transmission (technology)

    telecommunication: Digital transmission is employed in order to achieve high reliability and because the cost of digital switching systems is much lower than the cost of analog systems. In order to use digital transmission, however, the analog signals that make up most voice, radio, and television…

  • Digital Underground (American rap group)

    Tupac Shakur: …the dance party sound of Digital Underground, and its tone and content were much closer to the works of Public Enemy and West Coast gangsta rappers N.W.A. The lack of a clear single on the album limited its radio appeal, but it sold well, especially after U.S. Vice Pres. Dan…

  • digital versatile disc (technology)

    DVD, type of optical disc used for data storage and as a platform for multimedia. Its most prominent commercial application is for playing back recorded motion pictures and television programs (hence the designation “digital video disc”), though read-only, recordable, and even erasable and

  • digital video disc (technology)

    DVD, type of optical disc used for data storage and as a platform for multimedia. Its most prominent commercial application is for playing back recorded motion pictures and television programs (hence the designation “digital video disc”), though read-only, recordable, and even erasable and

  • digital video recorder (technology)

    Television in the United States: The new technologies: Digital video recorders (DVRs) appeared on the market in 1999 from ReplayTV and TiVo. These digital set-top devices allowed users to record television programs without the use of videotape. More versatile than the VCR, recording set-up and playback was also significantly easier. By mid-decade, video…

  • digital videodisc (technology)

    DVD, type of optical disc used for data storage and as a platform for multimedia. Its most prominent commercial application is for playing back recorded motion pictures and television programs (hence the designation “digital video disc”), though read-only, recordable, and even erasable and

  • digital videodisc recorder (technology)

    Television in the United States: The new technologies: …HDTV set for use with DVD players and video-gaming devices. As the decade progressed, however, more and more television programming was being produced in high definition, and more stations were upgrading their facilities to be able to broadcast in HD. For all the advances in Internet technologies, Nielsen ratings data…

  • digital voltmeter (measurement)

    voltmeter: Digital voltmeters give readings as numerical displays. They also provide outputs that can be transmitted over distance, can activate printers or typewriters, and can feed into computers. Digital voltmeters generally have a higher order of accuracy than analogue instruments.

  • digital word (computing)

    computer: Central processing unit: Digital words now consist of 32 or 64 bits, though sizes from 8 to 128 bits are seen.

  • digital-form information

    information processing: Acquisition and recording of information in digital form: …are the basic components of digital technology. Because these devices exist only in one of two states, information is represented in them either as the absence or the presence of energy (electric pulse). The two states of binary devices are conveniently designated by the binary digits, or bits, zero (0)…

  • digital-to-analog conversion

    Digital-to-analog conversion (DAC), Process by which digital signals (which have a binary state) are converted to analog signals (which theoretically have an infinite number of states). For example, a modem converts computer digital data to analog audio-frequency signals that can be transmitted

  • digitalis (drug)

    Digitalis, drug obtained from the dried leaves of the common foxglove (Digitalis purpurea) and used in medicine to strengthen contractions of the heart muscle. Belonging to a group of drugs called cardiac glycosides, digitalis is most commonly used to restore adequate circulation in patients with

  • Digitalis (plant)

    Foxglove, (genus Digitalis), genus of about 20 species of herbaceous plants (family Plantaginaceae). Foxgloves are native to Europe, the Mediterranean region, and the Canary Islands, and several species are cultivated for their attractive flower spikes. All parts of the plants contain cardiac

  • Digitalis purpurea (plant)

    foxglove: …common, or purple, foxglove (Digitalis purpurea) is cultivated commercially as the source of the heart-stimulating drug digitalis. The drug is obtained from the dried leaves.

  • Digitaria (plant)

    Crabgrass, (genus Digitaria), genus of about 220 species of grasses in the family Poaceae. Several species, notably hairy crabgrass (Digitaria sanguinalis) and smooth crabgrass (D. ischaemum), are very troublesome weeds in lawns, fields, and waste spaces because they have decumbent stems that root

  • Digitaria californica (plant)

    crabgrass: Arizona cottontop (D. californica) is a useful forage grass in southwestern North America.

  • Digitaria ischaemum (plant)

    crabgrass: …hairy crabgrass (Digitaria sanguinalis) and smooth crabgrass (D. ischaemum), are very troublesome weeds in lawns, fields, and waste spaces because they have decumbent stems that root at the joint and form tenacious patches. Arizona cottontop (D. californica) is a useful forage grass in southwestern North America.

  • Digitaria sanguinalis (plant)

    crabgrass: Several species, notably hairy crabgrass (Digitaria sanguinalis) and smooth crabgrass (D. ischaemum), are very troublesome weeds in lawns, fields, and waste spaces because they have decumbent stems that root at the joint and form tenacious patches. Arizona cottontop (D. californica) is a useful forage grass in southwestern North…

  • digitigrade posture (locomotion)

    cat: Coordination and musculature: Cats are digitigrade; that is, they walk on their toes. Unlike the dog and horse, the cat walks or runs by moving first the front and back legs on one side, then the front and back legs on the other side; only the camel and the giraffe…

  • digitigrade quadrupedalism (zoology)

    primate: Size range and adaptive diversity: …(a) knuckle-walking quadrupedalism, and (b) digitigrade quadrupedalism. The former gait is characteristic of the African apes (chimpanzee and gorilla), and the latter of baboons and macaques, which walk on the flats of their fingers. After human beings, Old World monkeys of the subfamily Cercopithecinae are the most successful colonizers of…

  • digitoxigenin (chemical compound)

    steroid: Cardiac glycosides and aglycones: , digitoxigenin [23] is the aglycone of digitoxin) linked to three molecules of the sugar digitoxose and is derived from a more complex glycoside (digilanides A, B, and C, respectively) from which glucose and acetic acid are removed during the isolation procedures.

  • digitoxin (pharmacology)

    cardiovascular drug: Contractions: …used therapeutically are digoxin and digitoxin.

  • digitus (ancient Roman unit of measurement)

    measurement system: Greeks and Romans: …terms of these equivalents, the digit (digitus), or 116 Roman foot, was 18.5 mm (0.73 inch); the inch (uncia or pollicus), or 112 Roman foot, was 24.67 mm (0.97 inch); and the palm (palmus), or 14 Roman foot, was 74 mm (2.91 inches).

  • diglossia (linguistics)

    Diglossia, the coexistence of two varieties of the same language throughout a speech community. Often, one form is the literary or prestige dialect, and the other is a common dialect spoken by most of the population. Such a situation exists in many speech communities throughout the world—e.g., in

  • diglyceride (chemical compound)

    fat: Chemical composition of fats: Monoglycerides and diglycerides are partial esters of glycerol and have one or two fatty-acid radicals, respectively. They are seldom found in natural fats except as the products of partial hydrolysis of triglycerides. They are easily prepared synthetically, however, and have important applications mainly because of their ability…

  • Dignāga (Buddhist logician)

    Dignāga, Buddhist logician and author of the Pramā?asamuccaya (“Compendium of the Means of True Knowledge”), a work that laid the foundations of Buddhist logic. Dignāga gave a new definition of “perception”: knowledge that is free from all conceptual constructions, including name and class

  • Digne-les-Bains (France)

    Digne-les-Bains, town, Alpes-de-Haute-Provence département, Provence-Alpes-C?tes-d’Azur région, southeastern France. It lies 83 miles (134 km) northwest of Cannes by road. Situated on the scenic Route Napoléon, along which Napoleon traveled over the Alps on his return from Elba in 1815, it is a

  • Digoel Rivier (river, Indonesia)

    Digul River, river rising on the southern slopes of the Star Mountains in the east-central region of the province of Papua, Indonesia, on the island of New Guinea. The river flows 326 miles (525 km) south and west across a low region of extensive swamps (in the rainy season) to empty into the

  • Digor dialect

    Ossetic language: …Iron, and (2) western, called Digor. The majority of the Ossetes speak Iron, which is the basis of the literary language now written in the Cyrillic alphabet. Ossetic is the modern descendant of the language of the ancient Alani, a Sarmatian people, and the medieval As. It preserves many archaic…

  • Digoron dialect

    Ossetic language: …Iron, and (2) western, called Digor. The majority of the Ossetes speak Iron, which is the basis of the literary language now written in the Cyrillic alphabet. Ossetic is the modern descendant of the language of the ancient Alani, a Sarmatian people, and the medieval As. It preserves many archaic…

  • digoxin (drug)

    steroid: Cardiac glycosides and aglycones: digitoxin, gitoxin, and digoxin. Each of these contains a specific aglycone (e.g., digitoxigenin [23] is the aglycone of digitoxin) linked to three molecules of the sugar digitoxose and is derived from a more complex glycoside (digilanides A, B, and C, respectively) from which glucose and acetic acid are…

  • digraph (mathematics)

    graph theory: …what is known as a directed graph, or digraph.

  • Digte og udkast (poetry by Jacobsen)

    Jens Peter Jacobsen: …partially translated into English as Poems [1920]). At the turn of the 20th century, his writings and exquisite style exerted a spellbinding influence upon a great number of writers both in Denmark and abroad. Among his most ardent worshipers were such poets as Stefan George and Rainer Maria Rilke.

  • Diguan (Chinese mythology)

    Sanguan: …of heaven who bestows happiness; Diguan, official of earth who grants remission of sins; and Shuiguan, official of water who averts misfortune. The Chinese theatre did much to popularize Tianguan by introducing a skit before each play called “The Official of Heaven Brings Happiness.” Reflecting a Daoist principle that held…

  • Digul River (river, Indonesia)

    Digul River, river rising on the southern slopes of the Star Mountains in the east-central region of the province of Papua, Indonesia, on the island of New Guinea. The river flows 326 miles (525 km) south and west across a low region of extensive swamps (in the rainy season) to empty into the

  • Dihigo, Martín (Cuban baseball player)

    Martín Dihigo, professional baseball player who became a national hero in his native Cuba. In addition to playing in the Cuban League, Dihigo played in the leagues of the Dominican Republic, Mexico, and Venezuela and in the U.S. Negro leagues. Because of the colour barrier that existed in

  • dihqān (Persian social class)

    Khosrow I: Reforms.: …lower aristocracy, or knights, called dihqāns, grew in importance at the expense of the great feudal lords, who had been more powerful under Khosrow’s predecessors. It is difficult to know how many changes really can be attributed to Khosrow’s reign and how many are arbitrarily assigned to him because of…

  • Dihua (China)

    ürümqi, city and capital of the Uygur Autonomous Region of Xinjiang, northwestern China. The city (whose name in Uighur means “fine pasture”) is situated in a fertile belt of oases along the northern slope of the eastern Tien (Tian) Shan range. ürümqi commands the northern end of a gap leading from

  • dihydroergotamine (drug)

    drug: Drugs that affect smooth muscle: Dihydroergotamine, a derivative, can be used in treating migraine. Ergonovine has much less effect on blood vessels but a stronger effect on the uterus. It can induce abortion, though not reliably. Its main use is to promote a strong uterine contraction immediately after labour, thus…

  • dihydroorotase (enzyme)

    metabolism: Pyrimidine ribonucleotides: …a reaction ([71]) catalyzed by dihydroorotase.

  • dihydroorotate (chemical compound)

    metabolism: Pyrimidine ribonucleotides: The product, dihydroorotate, is then oxidized to orotate in a reaction catalyzed by dihydroorotic acid dehydrogenase, in which NAD+ is reduced ([72]).

  • dihydroorotic acid dehydrogenase (enzyme)

    metabolism: Pyrimidine ribonucleotides: … in a reaction catalyzed by dihydroorotic acid dehydrogenase, in which NAD+ is reduced ([72]).

  • dihydrotestosterone (hormone)

    baldness: …reducing the body’s production of dihydrotestosterone, a powerful variant of testosterone that helps cause male pattern baldness.

  • dihydroxyacetone phosphate (chemical compound)

    metabolism: Fragmentation of other sugars: …in muscle); the products are dihydroxyacetone phosphate and glyceraldehyde. It will be recalled that dihydroxyacetone phosphate is an intermediate compound of glycolysis. Although glyceraldehyde is not an intermediate of glycolysis, it can be converted to one (glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate) in a reaction involving the conversion of ATP to ADP.

  • dihydroxybutanedioic acid (chemical compound)

    Tartaric acid, a dicarboxylic acid, one of the most widely distributed of plant acids, with a number of food and industrial uses. Along with several of its salts, cream of tartar (potassium hydrogen tartrate) and Rochelle salt (potassium sodium tartrate), it is obtained from by-products of wine

  • dihydroxyphenylalanine (chemical compound)

    dopamine: …intermediate compound from dihydroxyphenylalanine (dopa) during the metabolism of the amino acid tyrosine. It is the precursor of the hormones epinephrine and norepinephrine. Dopamine also functions as a neurotransmitter—primarily by inhibiting the transmission of nerve impulses—in the substantia nigra, basal ganglia, and

  • diiodomethane (chemical compound)

    iodoform: Several reagents convert iodoform to methylene iodide (diiodomethane), a dense liquid, colourless when pure but usually discoloured by traces of iodine, used as a heavy medium in gravity separation processes.

  • Dijeng Plateau (plateau, Indonesia)

    Southeast Asian arts: Hindu and Buddhist candis: …earliest is situated on the Dijeng Plateau. This is a high volcanic region, about 6,000 feet (2,000 metres) above sea level, where there are sulfur springs and lakes. The whole mountain seems to have been sacred to the Hindu deity Shiva, for all temples on the Dijeng are dedicated to…

  • Dijkstra, Edsger (Dutch computer scientist)

    Edsger Dijkstra, Dutch computer scientist. He received a Ph.D. from the University of Amsterdam while working at Amsterdam’s Mathematical Center (1952–62). He taught at the Technical University of Eindhoven from 1963 to 1973 and at the University of Texas from 1984. He was widely known for his 1959

  • Dijkstra, Edsger Wybe (Dutch computer scientist)

    Edsger Dijkstra, Dutch computer scientist. He received a Ph.D. from the University of Amsterdam while working at Amsterdam’s Mathematical Center (1952–62). He taught at the Technical University of Eindhoven from 1963 to 1973 and at the University of Texas from 1984. He was widely known for his 1959

  • Dijla (river, Middle East)

    Tigris-Euphrates river system: The Tigris (Sumerian: Idigna; Akkadian: Idiklat; biblical: Hiddekel; Arabic: Dijlah; Turkish: Dicle) is about 1,180 miles (1,900 km) in length.

  • Dijon (France)

    Dijon, city, capital of C?te d’Or département and of Bourgogne-Franche-Comté région, east-central France. The city is 203 miles (326 km) southeast of Paris by road and lies at the confluence of the Ouche and Suzon rivers. Situated at the foot of the C?te d’Or hills to its west and near a plain of

  • Dik Danle Sap (novel by Kim Hak)

    Khmer literature: French influence: Dik Danle Sap (“The Waters of Tonle Sap”), by Kim Hak, was also hailed as “the first modern novel of Cambodia” when it appeared in Kambujasuriya in January 1939, but it never enjoyed the same popularity and acclaim as Sophat. Two other classic novels from…

  • dik-dik (antelope)

    Dik-dik, (genus Madoqua), any of four species of dwarf antelopes (tribe Neotragini, family Bovidae) that are adapted for life in the arid zones of eastern Africa. Three species inhabit the Horn of Africa: Guenther’s dik-dik (Madoqua guentheri), Salt’s dik-dik (M. saltiana), and the silver dik-dik

  • dika (plant)

    wild mango: Irvingia gabonensis, or dika, and other species (such as I. wombolu) are notable for their edible yellow fruit, which somewhat resembles the mango. Dika seeds are rich in a fat used locally to make both bread and a type of butter. The wood is very hard and is…

  • dika bread tree (plant)

    dika nut: …nut, edible nut of the dika tree, which is also called the dika bread, or Gabon chocolate, tree (species Irvingia barteri), and is native to western Africa. The nut is used principally for food and oil.

  • dika nut (plant)

    Dika nut, edible nut of the dika tree, which is also called the dika bread, or Gabon chocolate, tree (species Irvingia barteri), and is native to western Africa. The nut is used principally for food and oil. The fruit of the dika is a large edible drupe with thick, fibrous flesh. The kernels are

  • dika tree (plant)

    dika nut: …nut, edible nut of the dika tree, which is also called the dika bread, or Gabon chocolate, tree (species Irvingia barteri), and is native to western Africa. The nut is used principally for food and oil.

  • dikanikion (ecclesiastical symbol)

    crosier: …churches carry the baktēria (dikanikion), a pastoral staff with either a tau cross or two serpents facing each other on top.

  • dikasteria (ancient Greek law)

    Dicastery, a judicial body in ancient Athens. Dicasteries were divisions of the Heliaea from the time of the democratic reforms of Cleisthenes (c. 508–507 bc), when the Heliaea was transformed from an appellate court to a court with original jurisdiction. Each year 6,000 volunteers, who were

  • dike (ancient Greek law)

    Greek law: The claim (dikē) might be raised by the plaintiff in pursuance of a private right or as a “public” (dēmosia) dikē for the purpose of obtaining the defendant’s punishment. The filing of a public dikē (technically called a graphē) was open to every citizen. Apart from this,…

  • dike (civil engineering)

    Amsterdam: Early settlement and growth: …early inhabitants had to build dikes on both sides of the river, and about 1270 they built a dam between these dikes.

  • dike (igneous rock)

    Dike, in geology, tabular or sheetlike igneous body that is often oriented vertically or steeply inclined to the bedding of preexisting intruded rocks; similar bodies oriented parallel to the bedding of the enclosing rocks are called sills. A dike set is composed of several parallel dikes; when the

  • dike pseudomartyrion (Greek law)

    Greek law: …a private tort action (dikē pseudomartyriōn) against a witness whose false deposition had influenced the verdict. A victorious plaintiff in a private lawsuit had to enforce the judgment himself by attaching property of the defendant.

  • dike swarm (geology)

    South America: The Trans-Amazonian cycle: …platform deposits; and large extensional dike swarms (groups of tabular intrusions of igneous rock into sedimentary strata). The orogenic belts represent old mountain chains that had been formed either along the margins of the continent as geosynclines (downwarps of Earth’s crust) and then uplifted, such as the Maroni-Itacaiúnas belt, or…

  • Dikelocephalus (trilobite genus)

    Dikelocephalus, genus of trilobites (extinct arthropods) that is a useful guide fossil for the Late Cambrian rocks (512 to 505 million years ago) of Europe and North America. Dikelocephalus is distinguished by its broad head, its large and relatively well-developed tail, and its pair of short

  • Dikembe Mutombo Mpolondo Mukamba Jean-Jacques Wamutombo (Congolese-American basketball player)

    Dikembe Mutombo, Congolese-American basketball player who was one of the best defenders in National Basketball Association (NBA) history and was also noted for his philanthropic efforts. The son of a father who worked as a school principal and then in Congo’s department of education, Mutombo grew

  • diketene (chemical compound)

    lactone: Commercially important lactones include diketene and β-propanolactone used in the synthesis of acetoacetic acid derivatives and β-substituted propanoic (propionic) acids, respectively; the perfume ingredients pentadecanolide and ambrettolide; vitamin C; and the antibiotics methymycin, erythromycin, and carbomycin.

  • diketone (chemical compound)

    heterocyclic compound: Nucleophilic ring closure: Diketones also can react with dihydro Z compounds to give heterocycles. (A ketone is an organic compound that contains a carbonyl group, the carbon atom of which is linked to two other carbon atoms belonging to hydrocarbon groups. Diketones contain two such carbonyl groups.) Diketones…

  • dikkop (bird)

    Thickknee, any of numerous shorebirds that constitute the family Burhinidae (order Charadriiformes). The bird is named for the thickened intertarsal joint of its long, yellowish or greenish legs; or, alternatively, for its size (about that of a curlew, 35 to 50 centimetres, or 14 to 20 inches) and

  • DIKO (political party, Cyprus)

    Tassos Papadopoulos: …as leader of the moderate-right Democratic Party (Dimokratikó Kómma; DIKO). Although his EOKA credentials tended to identify him with the right, he was elected with support from the Communist and Social Democrat parties. He billed his campaign as a “ticket of change” and characterized the Clerides administration as being “in…

  • Dikoa (Nigeria)

    Dikwa, town and traditional emirate, Borno state, Nigeria. The town lies near the Yedseram River, which flows into Lake Chad, and has road connections to Maiduguri, Bama, Ngala, and Kukawa. Precisely when the town was founded and when its walls (30 feet [9 metres] thick) were built is unknown; but

  • Dikran (son of Tigranes II)

    Pompey the Great: Reorganization of the East: …talents he set up King Tigranes in Armenia as a friend and ally of Rome—and as his own protégé. Pompey rejected the Parthian king’s request to recognize the Euphrates as the limit of Roman control and extended the Roman chain of protectorates to include Colchis, on the Black Sea, and…

  • Dikran II the Great (king of Armenia)

    Tigranes II The Great, king of Armenia from 95 to 55 bc, under whom the country became for a short time the strongest state in the Roman East. Tigranes was the son or brother of Artavasdes I and a member of the dynasty founded in the early 2nd century by Artaxias. He was given as a hostage to the

  • diksha (Hindu rite)

    Diksha, (Sanskrit: “initiation”) in ancient India, the rite performed prior to the Vedic sacrifice in order to consecrate its patron, or sacrificer; in later and modern Hinduism, the initiation of a layperson by the guru (spiritual guide) of a religious group. In the soma sacrifices of the Vedic

  • Dikter (work by S?dergran)

    Edith S?dergran: Her first book, Dikter (1916; “Poems”), expressed shifting moods of melancholy and joy in a free verse form that was indebted to the Symbolist poets. This collection inaugurated the Swedish-Finnish modernist movement, which looked to German Expressionism and Russian Futurism for inspiration. S?dergran wrote six volumes of poetry,…

  • Dikter (work by Snoilsky)

    Carl Johan Gustaf, Count Snoilsky: His Dikter (1869; “Poems”), written during an extended tour of the European continent and including his Italian Pictures (1865), enchanted the Swedish public with its carefree and sensuous celebrations of the Mediterranean landscape. After its publication Snoilsky joined the diplomatic corps, married advantageously, stopped writing, and…

  • Dikter (work by Enckell)

    Rabbe Enckell: …collection of impressionistic nature poems, Dikter, appeared in 1923. In this collection and a sequel, Fl?jtbl?sarlycka (1925; “The Flutist’s Happiness”), Enckell describes with a painter’s eye the exquisite nuances in the phenomena of nature. A modernist, he was associated with the avant-garde journal Quosego in 1928–29. After writing a few…

  • Diktonius, Elmer (Finnish author)

    Finnish literature: Lyric poetry: Elmer Diktonius, regarded by some as the most original of the modernists, is best known for artistically and socially radical poetry written early in his career. His prose (e.g., Janne Kubik: ett tr?snitt i ord [1932; “Janne Kubik: A Woodcut in Words”]) only later received…

  • Dikwa (Nigeria)

    Dikwa, town and traditional emirate, Borno state, Nigeria. The town lies near the Yedseram River, which flows into Lake Chad, and has road connections to Maiduguri, Bama, Ngala, and Kukawa. Precisely when the town was founded and when its walls (30 feet [9 metres] thick) were built is unknown; but

  • Dil Pickle Club (club, Chicago, Illinois, United States)

    Dill Pickle Club, bohemian club, cabaret, and (from the mid-1920s) speakeasy in Chicago that operated from about 1914 to about 1933 (though sources vary). Its patrons included hoboes, prostitutes, and gangsters as well as leading scholars, literary figures, and social activists, among them writers

  • Dil se.. (film by Ratnam [1998])

    Mani Ratnam: In his first Hindi-language movie, Dil se.. (1998), a radio reporter falls in love with a woman trained as a suicide bomber. The Tamil-language film Kannathil muthamittal (2002; A Peck on the Cheek) is set in war-torn Sri Lanka and is about an adopted girl searching for her birth mother.

  • Dilantin (drug)

    antiepileptic drug: Others, such as phenytoin, were discovered as a result of persistent testing of a series of drugs. Phenytoin is effective in the long-term treatment of many varieties of epilepsy and is thought to work through an interaction with sodium channels—a type of ion channel in the cell membrane,…

  • Dilas, Milovan (Yugoslavian writer and official)

    Milovan Djilas, prolific political writer and former Yugoslav communist official remembered for his disillusionment with communism. Much of his work has been translated into English from Serbo-Croatian. After receiving his law degree in 1933 from the University of Belgrade, Djilas was arrested for

  • dilatancy (physics)

    earthquake: Observation and interpretation of precursory phenomena: The theory of dilatancy (that is, an increase in volume) of rock prior to rupture once occupied a central position in discussions of premonitory phenomena of earthquakes, but it now receives less support. It is based on the observation that many solids exhibit dilatancy during deformation. For earthquake…

  • dilatation (birth)

    birth: First stage: dilatation: Early in labour, uterine contractions, or labour pains, occur at intervals of 20 to 30 minutes and last about 40 seconds. They are then accompanied by slight pain, which usually is felt in the small of the back.

  • dilatation and curettage (surgical procedure)

    abortion: …uterus, the procedure is called dilatation and curettage. When combined with dilatation, both evacuation and curettage can be used up to about the 16th week of pregnancy.

  • dilatation and evacuation (surgical procedure)

    abortion: …more onerous procedure known as dilatation and evacuation (also called suction curettage, or vacuum curettage), the cervical canal is enlarged by the insertion of a series of metal dilators while the patient is under anesthesia, after which a rigid suction tube is inserted into the uterus to evacuate its contents.…

  • dilated cardiomyopathy (disease)

    cardiomyopathy: Dilated cardiomyopathy, the most common type of the disease, is characterized by an enlarged heart with stretching of the ventricle (lower chamber) and atrium (upper chamber). The left ventricle, which pumps oxygenated blood to the body tissues, shows weakness in contraction (systolic dysfunction) and stiffness…

  • dilation (of pupil)

    human eye: The pupil: After a time, the pupils expand even though the bright light is maintained, but the expansion is not large. The final state is determined by the actual degree of illumination. If this is high, then the final state may be a diameter of only about 3 to 4 mm (about…

  • dilator muscle (anatomy)

    Dilator muscle, any of the muscles that widen a body part. In humans, the dilator muscle of the iris contains fibres that extend radially through the iris of the eye and involuntarily contract as available light decreases, thus dilating the pupil. Pupillary dilation is controlled primarily by the

  • Dilbert (comic strip by Adams)

    Dilbert, American newspaper comic strip that treated workday life in a large corporation. Dilbert became a cultural touchstone for many frustrated white-collar workers. Dilbert, whose face is usually drawn with only a nose and a pair of round eyeglasses, is a disillusioned, mid-level corporate

  • Dileita, Dileita Muhammad (prime minister of Djibouti)

    Djibouti: Djibouti under Guelleh: …health reasons, and Guelleh named Dileita Muhammad Dileita, an accomplished public servant, to the post. Dileita, like his predecessor, was an Afar, and Guelleh’s appointment of him to the post maintained the balance of power between the Afars and Somali Issas that Gouled had established after independence.

  • dilemma (logic)

    Dilemma, in syllogistic, or traditional, logic, any one of several forms of inference in which there are two major premises of hypothetical form and a disjunctive (“either . . . or”) minor premise. For example: If we increase the price, sales will slump. If we decrease the quality, sales will

  • Dilemma (cartoon by Halas and Batchelor)

    John Halas and Joy Batchelor: …Cinema (1956); Automania 2000 (1963); Dilemma (1982), the first fully digitized film; and more than 2,000 other animated films. Many later cartoons, documentaries, and educational shorts were commissioned specifically for television. Halas was made an officer of the Order of the British Empire in 1972.

Check out Britannica's new site for parents!
Subscribe Today!
色色影院-色色影院app下载