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  • displacement, electric (physics)

    Electric displacement, auxiliary electric field or electric vector that represents that aspect of an electric field associated solely with the presence of separated free electric charges, purposely excluding the contribution of any electric charges bound together in neutral atoms or molecules. If

  • display (information recording)

    information processing: Information display: For humans to perceive and understand information, it must be presented as print and image on paper; as print and image on film or on a video terminal; as sound via radio or telephony; as print, sound, and video in motion pictures, on television…

  • display behaviour (animal behaviour)

    Display behaviour, ritualized behaviour by which an animal provides specific information to others, usually members of its own species. Virtually all higher animals use displays to some extent. The best-known displays are visual ones—and some biologists restrict the term display to visual signals

  • Display Energy Certificate (document)

    zero-energy building: The United Kingdom’s EPC scheme: Display Energy Certificates (DECs) are also required for larger public buildings, thus enabling everyone to see how energy efficient the country’s public buildings are. The DEC has to be displayed at all times in a prominent place clearly visible to the public, and it is…

  • display ground (animal behaviour)

    Lek, in animal behaviour, communal area in which two or more males of a species perform courtship displays. Lek behaviour, also called arena behaviour, is found in a number of insects, birds, and mammals. Varying degrees of interaction occur between the males, from virtually none to closely

  • Display of Heraldrie, A (book by Guillim)

    heraldry: Early writers: …Armorie (1562), and John Guillim, A Display of Heraldrie (1610), not only perpetuate the nonsensical natural history of olden days but are largely responsible for erroneous beliefs about heraldic charges having definite symbolic meanings and their being granted as rewards for valorous deeds—beliefs that today are perpetuated by the vendors…

  • display pewter (decoration)

    metalwork: 16th century to modern: …known as “display pewter” (Edelzinn), and it gave a new and brilliant impetus to the trade. The first examples were made between 1560 and 1570, and the main centres of production were Nürnberg and Lyon. In the beginning the technique used was not the same in both towns. Whereas…

  • dispondee (metre)

    rhythm: Polyphonic metre: …the spondee, ??, and the dispondee, ????, need an accent on the first beat to keep their identity. Notwithstanding the opposite tendencies of metrical organization and stress accent, however, some metre is obviously subject to stress, so that metre and time measure become very closely linked, as in the scherzo…

  • disposable income (economics)

    Disposable income, that portion of an individual’s income over which the recipient has complete discretion. An accurate general definition of income is not easy to provide. Income includes wages and salaries, interest and dividend payments from financial assets, and rents and net profits from

  • Dispositio Achillea (German history)

    Albert III Achilles: …24, 1473, he proclaimed the Dispositio Achillea (“Disposition of Achilles”), which was to preserve Brandenburg as a united whole and keep his dynastic inheritance intact. This settlement gave the mark of Brandenburg to his eldest son and the Hohenzollerns’s then more lucrative Franconian possessions to younger sons. While not establishing…

  • disposition (personality)

    Temperament, in psychology, an aspect of personality concerned with emotional dispositions and reactions and their speed and intensity; the term often is used to refer to the prevailing mood or mood pattern of a person. The notion of temperament in this sense originated with Galen, the Greek

  • disposition (mining)

    coal mining: Disposition: Disposition is the handling of the products of a preparation plant. The entire plant process includes ROM storage, raw coal storage, crusher house, screening plants, various slurries (coal-water mixtures), dewatering system, thickeners, thermal dryer, process-water systems, clean-coal storage, clean-coal load-out system, monitoring and process-control…

  • dispositional knowledge (epistemology)

    epistemology: Occasional and dispositional knowledge: In contrast, dispositional knowledge, as the term suggests, is a disposition, or a propensity, to behave in certain ways in certain conditions. Although Smith may not now be thinking of his home address, he certainly knows it in the sense that, if one were to ask him…

  • Dispossessed, The (work by Le Guin)

    Ursula K. Le Guin: In The Dispossessed (1974), she examined two neighbouring worlds that are home to antithetical societies, one capitalist, the other anarchic, both of which stifle freedom in particular ways. The destruction of indigenous peoples on a planet colonized by Earth is the focus of The Word for…

  • dispossession (law)

    Eviction, the process of dispossessing a person of land, be it lawful or unlawful. Subject to any statutory provisions, it is lawful if the person evicted has a right to possession inferior to that of the person carrying out the eviction. The delivery of possession under order of the court is

  • disproportionation (chemistry)

    oxide: Nonmetal oxides: …and reduced is called a disproportionation reaction. In the following disproportionation reaction, N4+ is reduced to N2+ (in NO) and oxidized to N5+ (in HNO3). 3NO2 + H2O → 2HNO3 + NO

  • Dispur (India)

    Dispur, City, capital of Assam state, northeastern India. Following the administrative reorganization of the region in 1972, Dispur, a suburb of Guwahati, became the state

  • Disputa (painting by Raphael)

    Raphael: Last years in Rome: …of these frescoes are the Disputa and the School of Athens. The Disputa, showing a celestial vision of God and his prophets and apostles above a gathering of representatives, past and present, of the Roman Catholic Church, equates through its iconography the triumph of the church and the triumph of…

  • Disputatio Iudaei et Christiani (work by Gilbert Crispin)

    Gilbert Crispin: His skillful writings include Disputatio Iudaei et Christiani, in which a dialogue on the Christian faith is carried out between Gilbert and his Jewish acquaintance. Other historical and doctrinal works are De Simoniacis, De Spiritu Sancto, and Disputatio Christiani cum gentilli.

  • disputation (education)

    Western philosophy: Jewish thought: …was done by lecture and disputation (a formal debate). A lecture consisted of the reading of a prescribed text followed by the teacher’s commentary on it. Masters also held disputations in which the affirmative and negative sides of a question were thoroughly argued by students and teacher before the latter…

  • Disputation of the Holy Sacrament (painting by Raphael)

    Raphael: Last years in Rome: …of these frescoes are the Disputa and the School of Athens. The Disputa, showing a celestial vision of God and his prophets and apostles above a gathering of representatives, past and present, of the Roman Catholic Church, equates through its iconography the triumph of the church and the triumph of…

  • Disputationes (work by Bellarmine)

    St. Robert Bellarmine: …lectures published under the title Disputationes de controversiis Christianae fidei adversus huius temporis haereticos (1586–93; “Lectures Concerning the Controversies of the Christian Faith Against the Heretics of This Time”). They contained a lucid and uncompromising statement of Roman Catholic doctrine. He took part in the preparation of the Clementine edition…

  • Disputationes adversus astrologiam divinatricem (work by Pico della Mirandola)

    Nicolaus Copernicus: Early life and education: …known as Regiomontanus, 1436–76) and Disputationes adversus astrologianm divinatricenm (“Disputations against Divinatory Astrology”) by Giovanni Pico della Mirandola (1463–94). The first provided a summary of the foundations of Ptolemy’s astronomy, with Regiomontanus’s corrections and critical expansions of certain important planetary models that might have been suggestive to Copernicus of directions…

  • Disputationes de controveriis Christianae fidei adversus huius temporis haereticos (work by Bellarmine)

    St. Robert Bellarmine: …lectures published under the title Disputationes de controversiis Christianae fidei adversus huius temporis haereticos (1586–93; “Lectures Concerning the Controversies of the Christian Faith Against the Heretics of This Time”). They contained a lucid and uncompromising statement of Roman Catholic doctrine. He took part in the preparation of the Clementine edition…

  • Disputationes Metaphysicae (work by Suárez)

    Francisco Suárez: …study in philosophy is the Disputationes Metaphysicae (1597), which was used for more than a century as a textbook at most European universities, Catholic and Protestant alike. In this work, which treats especially the problems of human will and the concept of general versus particular phenomena, Suárez drew upon Aristotle…

  • dispute settlement (international relations)

    multilateralism: Dispute settlement: For the states to feel assured of the returns of treating their interests as indivisible, multilateral arrangements tend to incorporate some mechanism for ensuring that countries act in accordance with the expected norms. That principle of dispute settlement forms the third principle associated…

  • Disputed Munich Art Trove, The

    After an unremarkable life, Cornelius Gurlitt died at the age of 81 on May 6, 2014, but not before he had emerged as the central figure in an international art-world controversy. Two years earlier a court-ordered police raid on his apartment in the gentrified Schwabing district of Munich had

  • Disputed Passage (film by Borzage [1939])

    Frank Borzage: …loaned to Paramount to make Disputed Passage (1939), about an older scientist (Akim Tamiroff) who advises his understudy (John Howard) that there can be no room for a wife (Dorothy Lamour) in the life of a true scientist. Back at MGM, Borzage was assigned to Strange Cargo (1940), a parable…

  • Disquisitio de Attractionibus Electivis (work by Bergman)

    Torbern Olof Bergman: …Disquisitio de Attractionibus Electivis (1775; A Dissertation on Elective Attractions), in which he included tables listing the elements in the order of their affinity (their ability to react and displace other elements in a compound). These tables were widely acclaimed and were included in chemical literature as late as 1808.

  • Disquisitiones Arithmeticae (book by Gauss)

    arithmetic: Fundamental theory: …proved by Gauss in his Disquisitiones Arithmeticae. It states that every composite number can be expressed as a product of prime numbers and that, save for the order in which the factors are written, this representation is unique. Gauss’s theorem follows rather directly from another theorem of Euclid to the…

  • Disraeli (film by Green [1929])

    Alfred E. Green: …immediately made an impact with Disraeli (1929), Old English (1930), and The Green Goddess (1930), three showcases for stage veteran George Arliss, who won a best actor Academy Award for Disraeli. Smart Money (1931) was a taut crime yarn starring Edward G. Robinson, with James Cagney and

  • Disraeli Gears (album by Cream)

    Cream: Cream’s second album, Disraeli Gears (1967), veered farther away from the band’s blues comfort zone by incorporating Brown’s and Bruce’s mystical lyrics and guitar techniques that alternated between droning distortion and wailing effects-pedal-assisted riffs. Bruce sometimes played his bass as something of a lead instrument, and Baker’s drumming…

  • Disraeli, Benjamin (prime minister of United Kingdom)

    Benjamin Disraeli, British statesman and novelist who was twice prime minister (1868, 1874–80) and who provided the Conservative Party with a twofold policy of Tory democracy and imperialism. Disraeli was of Italian-Jewish descent, the eldest son and second child of Isaac D’Israeli and Maria

  • Disraeli, Benjamin, earl of Beaconsfield, Viscount Hughenden of Hughenden (prime minister of United Kingdom)

    Benjamin Disraeli, British statesman and novelist who was twice prime minister (1868, 1874–80) and who provided the Conservative Party with a twofold policy of Tory democracy and imperialism. Disraeli was of Italian-Jewish descent, the eldest son and second child of Isaac D’Israeli and Maria

  • Disrobing of Christ (painting by El Greco)

    El Greco: Middle years: …another masterpiece of extraordinary originality—the Espolio (Disrobing of Christ). In designing the composition vertically and compactly in the foreground he seems to have been motivated by the desire to show the oppression of Christ by his cruel tormentors. He chose a method of space elimination that is common to middle…

  • disruption (pathology)

    congenital disorder: Disruptions: Disruptions are a group of congenital disorders that result from environmental disturbances of the processes of blastogenesis and organogenesis. Several classes of disruption have been recognized, including those due to prenatal infections such as rubella, cytomegalovirus, and toxoplasmosis; chemicals such as mercury,

  • Disruption, The (Scottish religious history)

    Free Church of Scotland: …came to be known as the Disruption.

  • disruptive coloration (zoology)

    concealing coloration: In disruptive coloration, the identity and location of an animal may be concealed through a coloration pattern that causes visual disruption because the pattern does not coincide with the shape and outline of the animal’s body. Countershading is a form of concealing coloration in which the…

  • disruptive selection (biology)

    evolution: Diversifying selection: Two or more divergent phenotypes in an environment may be favoured simultaneously by diversifying selection. (See the right column of the figure.) No natural environment is homogeneous; rather, the environment of any plant or animal population is a mosaic consisting of more or…

  • dissecting aneurysm (pathology)

    cardiovascular disease: Other diseases of the aorta and the pulmonary artery: …it may lead to a dissecting aneurysm. In a dissecting aneurysm a rupture in the intima, the innermost coat of the artery, permits blood to enter the wall of the aorta, causing separation of the layers of the wall. Obstruction to tributaries may occur, which is usually associated with severe…

  • dissection (geometry)

    number game: Geometric dissections: Geometric dissection problems involve the cutting of geometric figures into pieces that can be arranged to form other geometric figures; for example, cutting a rectangle into parts that can be put together in the form of a square and vice versa. Interest in this…

  • dissection (biology)

    Andreas Vesalius: Life: …much of his time to dissections of cadavers and insisted on doing them himself, instead of relying on untrained assistants. At first, Vesalius had no reason to question the theories of Galen, the Greek physician who had served the emperor Marcus Aurelius in Rome and whose books on anatomy were…

  • disseisin (law)

    adverse possession: …the land was known as disseisin. One who was disseised of his property could take the matter to the king’s court through a legal action known as the assize of novel disseisin. If the land held by a disseisor was claimed by an heir of the original owner in seisin,…

  • disseminated coccidioidomycosis (pathology)

    coccidioidomycosis: Disseminated coccidioidomycosis, or coccidioidal granuloma, is a progressive form of infection that can result in skin ulcers, many nodules or cavities in the lungs, widespread involvement of lymph nodes, lesions of the bones, and osteomyelitis (infection of the bone). Meningitis is usually the immediate cause…

  • disseminated gonococcal infection (pathology)

    gonorrhea: Symptoms: …sometimes enter the bloodstream, causing disseminated gonococcal infection (DGI) in virtually any organ system. In both male and female, arthritis is the most common manifestation of DGI. The process usually settles in one or two joints and may result in permanent disability in the absence of treatment. Involvement of the…

  • disseminated intravascular coagulation (pathology)

    blood disease: Disseminated intravascular coagulation: Disseminated intravascular coagulation is an acquired disorder in which platelets and blood-clotting components are consumed until a severe deficiency exists, resulting in a bleeding disorder. In addition, the fibrinolytic system—the system that dissolves clots—is also activated, leading to the destruction of fibrinogen and fibrin clots.…

  • disseminated lupus erythematosus (pathology)

    connective tissue disease: Systemic lupus erythematosus: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a chronic inflammatory disease of unknown cause that affects, either singularly or in combination, the skin, joints, kidneys, nervous system, and membranes lining body cavities and often other organs as well. The disease has a tendency toward…

  • disseminated sclerosis (pathology)

    Multiple sclerosis (MS), progressive disease of the central nervous system characterized by destruction of the myelin sheath surrounding the nerve fibres of the brain, spinal cord, and optic nerves, as a result of which, the transmission of nerve impulses becomes impaired, particularly in pathways

  • dissemination (biology)

    Dispersion, in biology, the dissemination, or scattering, of organisms over periods within a given area or over the Earth. The disciplines most intimately intertwined with the study of dispersion are systematics and evolution. Systematics is concerned with the relationships between organisms and

  • dissent (political theory)

    Dissent, an unwillingness to cooperate with an established source of authority, which can be social, cultural, or governmental. In political theory, dissent has been studied mainly in relation to governmental power, inquiring into how and to what extent dissent should be promoted, tolerated, and

  • Dissent (American journal)

    Dissent, quarterly American journal of leftist international politics, economics, and culture. Founded in New York City in 1954, Dissent features criticism of conventional opinion on both the right and the left from an independent, social-democratic perspective. Dissent was founded by a small group

  • Dissent of Dominick Shapiro, The (novel by Kops)

    Bernard Kops: …included Awake for Mourning (1958), The Dissent of Dominick Shapiro (1966), and The Odyssey of Samuel Glass (2012). He also wrote the autobiographies The World Is a Wedding (1963) and Shalom Bomb (2000) as well as several radio and television plays. Barricades in West Hampstead (1988) and Love, Death and…

  • Dissenters (Protestantism)

    Nonconformist, any English Protestant who does not conform to the doctrines or practices of the established Church of England. The word Nonconformist was first used in the penal acts following the Restoration of the monarchy (1660) and the Act of Uniformity (1662) to describe the conventicles

  • Dissertatio cum Nuncio Sidereo (work by Kepler)

    Johannes Kepler: Astronomical work: The first was his Dissertatio cum Nuncio Sidereo (1610; “Conversation with the Sidereal Messenger”), in which, among other things, he speculated that the distances of the newly discovered Jovian moons might agree with the ratios of the rhombic dodecahedron, triacontahedron, and cube. The second was a theoretical work on…

  • Dissertation of the Telugu Language (work by Ellis)

    Dravidian languages: Dravidian studies: His Dissertation of the Telugu Language was initially published as “Note to the Introduction” of British linguist A.D. Campbell’s A Grammar of the Teloogoo Language. Ellis’s monograph provided lexical and grammatical evidence to support the hypothesis that Tamil, Telugu, Kannada, Malayalam, Tulu, Kodagu, and Malto were…

  • Dissertation on Elective Attractions, A (work by Bergman)

    Torbern Olof Bergman: …Disquisitio de Attractionibus Electivis (1775; A Dissertation on Elective Attractions), in which he included tables listing the elements in the order of their affinity (their ability to react and displace other elements in a compound). These tables were widely acclaimed and were included in chemical literature as late as 1808.

  • Dissertation on Liberty and Necessity, Pleasure and Pain, A (work by Franklin)

    Benjamin Franklin: Youthful adventures (1723–26): While in London, Franklin wrote A Dissertation on Liberty and Necessity, Pleasure and Pain (1725), a Deistical pamphlet inspired by his having set type for William Wollaston’s moral tract, The Religion of Nature Delineated. Franklin argued in his essay that since human beings have no real freedom of choice, they…

  • Dissertation on Oriental Gardening (book by Chambers)

    garden and landscape design: Chinese: The famous Dissertation on Oriental Gardening by the English architect Sir William Chambers (1772) was a fanciful account intended to further the current revolt in England against the almost universal Brownian park garden.

  • Dissertation on the Canon and Federal Law, A (work by Adams)

    United States: The tax controversy: …Adams, however, warned in his Dissertation on the Canon and Feudal Law that Parliament, armed with this view of its powers, would try to tax the colonies again; and this happened in 1767 when Charles Townshend became chancellor of the Exchequer in a ministry formed by Pitt, now earl of…

  • Dissertation on the Letters of Phalaris (work by Bentley)

    classical scholarship: The 18th century: the age of Bentley: …evidence above all in his Dissertation upon the Epistles of Phalaris (expanded edition, 1699), the first important work of classical scholarship written in a modern language. His editions of Horace (1711), Terence (1726), and Manilius (1739) were all of masterly quality. He did remarkable work in collecting fragments of Menander…

  • Dissertation upon Parties, A (work by Bolingbroke)

    Henry Saint John, 1st Viscount Bolingbroke: Return to England.: …of England” (1730–31) and “A Dissertation upon Parties” (1733–34), both of which sought to end the old Whig–Tory disputes and to weld the disparate elements of the opposition to Walpole into a new Country Party, which would protect the independence of Parliament against the encroachments of a corrupt government.

  • Dissertation upon the Epistles of Phalaris (work by Bentley)

    classical scholarship: The 18th century: the age of Bentley: …evidence above all in his Dissertation upon the Epistles of Phalaris (expanded edition, 1699), the first important work of classical scholarship written in a modern language. His editions of Horace (1711), Terence (1726), and Manilius (1739) were all of masterly quality. He did remarkable work in collecting fragments of Menander…

  • Dissertations and Discussions (work by Mill)

    John Stuart Mill: Public life and writing: …two volumes (1859) of Mill’s Dissertations and Discussions and give evidence of the increasing width of his interests. Among the more important are “Thoughts on Poetry and Its Varieties” (1833), “Writings of Alfred de Vigny” (1838), “Bentham” (1838), “Coleridge” (1840), “M. De Tocqueville on Democracy in America” (1840), “Michelet’s History…

  • dissidence (political science)

    Czechoslovak history: Normalization and political dissidence: ” As first secretary, Husák patiently tried to persuade Soviet leaders that Czechoslovakia was a loyal member of the Warsaw Pact. He had the constitution amended to embody the newly proclaimed Brezhnev Doctrine, which asserted the right of the Soviet Union to intervene militarily if…

  • dissident movement (society)

    anarchism: Anarchism in Spain: …Francisco Ferrer led to worldwide protests and the resignation of the conservative government in Madrid. These events also resulted in a congress of Spanish trade unionists at Sevilla in 1910, which founded the National Confederation of Labour (Confederación Nacional del Trabajo; CNT).

  • dissimilarity (religion)

    Meister Eckhart: Dissimilarity: “All creatures are pure nothingness. I do not say they are small or petty: they are pure nothingness.” Whereas God inherently possesses being, creatures do not possess being but receive it derivatively. Outside God, there is pure nothingness. “The being (of things) is God.”…

  • dissimilation (linguistics)

    linguistics: Sound change: Dissimilation refers to the process by which one sound becomes different from a neighbouring sound. For example, the word “pilgrim” (French pèlerin) derives ultimately from the Latin peregrinus; the l sound results from dissimilation of the first r under the influence of the second r.…

  • dissipative force

    conservative force: Nonconservative forces, such as friction, that depend on other factors, such as velocity, are dissipative, and no potential energy can be defined for them.

  • dissociation (chemistry)

    Dissociation, in chemistry, the breaking up of a compound into simpler constituents that are usually capable of recombining under other conditions. In electrolytic, or ionic, dissociation, the addition of a solvent or of energy in the form of heat causes molecules or crystals of the substance to

  • dissociation constant (chemistry)

    acid–base reaction: Hydrogen and hydroxide ions: …to give definite values, called dissociation constants. These constants can be used to characterize the relative strengths (degrees of dissociation) of acids and bases and, for this reason, supersede earlier semiquantitative estimates of acid or base strength. As a result of this approach, a satisfactory quantitative description was given at…

  • dissociation of sensibility (literature)

    Dissociation of sensibility, phrase used by T.S. Eliot in the essay “The Metaphysical Poets” (1921) to explain the change that occurred in English poetry after the heyday of the Metaphysical poets. According to Eliot, the dissociation of sensibility was a result of the natural development of poetry

  • dissociative amnesia (psychology)

    mental disorder: Dissociative amnesia: In dissociative amnesia there is a sudden loss of memory which may appear total; the individual can remember nothing about his previous life or even his name. The amnesia may be localized to a short period of time associated with a traumatic event or…

  • dissociative disorder (psychology)

    Dissociative disorder, any of several mental disturbances in humans in which normally integrated mental functions, such as identity, memory, consciousness, or perception, are interrupted. Dissociative disorders can occur suddenly or gradually and may last for a short time or become chronic. There

  • dissociative fugue (psychology)

    memory abnormality: Fugue states: The fugue is a condition in which the individual wanders away from his home or place of work for periods of hours, days, or even weeks. One celebrated case was that of the Rev. Ansell Bourne, described by the U.S. psychologist William James.…

  • dissociative identity disorder (psychology)

    Dissociative identity disorder, mental disorder in which two or more independent and distinct personality systems develop in the same individual. Each of these personalities may alternately inhabit the person’s conscious awareness to the exclusion of the others. In some cases all of the

  • dissociative mechanism (chemistry)

    coordination compound: Substitution: …through which substitution may occur—namely, dissociative and associative mechanisms. In the dissociative mechanism, a ligand is lost from the complex to give an intermediate compound of lower coordination number. This type of reaction path is typical of octahedral complexes, many aqua complexes, and metal carbonyls such as tetracarbonylnickel. An example…

  • dissociative neurosis (psychology)

    Dissociative disorder, any of several mental disturbances in humans in which normally integrated mental functions, such as identity, memory, consciousness, or perception, are interrupted. Dissociative disorders can occur suddenly or gradually and may last for a short time or become chronic. There

  • dissociative recombination (physics)

    ionosphere and magnetosphere: Recombination: Electrons are removed mainly by dissociative recombination, a process in which electrons attach to positively charged molecular ions and form highly energetic, unstable neutral molecules. These molecules decompose spontaneously, converting internal energy to kinetic energy possessed by the fragments. The most important processes in the ionosphere involve recombination of O2+…

  • dissociative type hysterical neurosis (psychology)

    Dissociative disorder, any of several mental disturbances in humans in which normally integrated mental functions, such as identity, memory, consciousness, or perception, are interrupted. Dissociative disorders can occur suddenly or gradually and may last for a short time or become chronic. There

  • Dissoi logoi (work by Sextus Empiricus)

    Sophist: Writings: Iamblichus, and the so-called Dissoi logoi found in the manuscripts of Sextus Empiricus (3rd century ce). This evidence suggests that while most later writers took their accounts of the Sophists from earlier writers, especially from Plato, the original writings did in many cases survive and were consulted.

  • dissolution (chemistry)

    liquid: Solubilities of solids and gases: Since the dissolution of one substance in another can occur only if there is a decrease in the Gibbs energy, it follows that, generally speaking, gases and solids do not dissolve in liquids as readily as do other liquids. To understand this, the dissolution of a solid…

  • dissolution (marriage)

    annulment: …is to be distinguished from dissolution, which ends a valid marriage for special reasons—e.g., insanity of one partner after marrying. The annulment decree attempts to leave the parties in statu quo ante (as they were before the marriage), unless doing so would adversely affect a third person.

  • dissolution (geology)

    cementation: The reverse process is called dissolution. There is evidence that dissolution has occurred in calcareous sandstones, in which case the calcareous cement or grains are broken down in the same manner as the solution of limestones. The frosted and etched surfaces of quartz grains in some friable and loosely cemented…

  • Dissolution of Muslim Marriages Act (1939, Indian Islamic law)

    Sharī?ah: Reform of Sharī?ah law: …pain of penalties, while the Dissolution of Muslim Marriages Act of 1939, modelled on the English Matrimonial Causes Acts, allowed a ?anafī wife to obtain a judicial divorce on the standard grounds of cruelty, desertion, failure to maintain, or the like.

  • dissoluto punito ossia il Don Giovanni, Il (opera by Mozart)

    Don Giovanni, opera in two acts by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (Italian libretto by Lorenzo da Ponte) that premiered at the original National Theatre in Prague on October 29, 1787. The opera’s subject is Don Juan, the notorious libertine of fiction, and his eventual descent into hell. For Mozart, it

  • dissolved-air flotation (sanitation)

    wastewater treatment: Thickening: …alternative to gravity thickening is dissolved-air flotation. In this method, air bubbles carry the solids to the surface, where a layer of thickened sludge forms.

  • dissolving (chemistry)

    liquid: Solubilities of solids and gases: Since the dissolution of one substance in another can occur only if there is a decrease in the Gibbs energy, it follows that, generally speaking, gases and solids do not dissolve in liquids as readily as do other liquids. To understand this, the dissolution of a solid…

  • dissonance (music)

    consonance and dissonance: dissonance, in music, the impression of stability and repose (consonance) in relation to the impression of tension or clash (dissonance) experienced by a listener when certain combinations of tones or notes are sounded together. In certain musical styles, movement to and from consonance and dissonance…

  • Dissonance Quartet (work by Mozart)

    Dissonance Quartet, string quartet (a type of chamber music for two violins, viola, and cello) in four movements by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. It was completed on January 14, 1785, and it was noted especially for its divergence—especially in the slow introduction—from the then-standard rules of

  • dissonance-reducing buying behaviour (business)

    marketing: High-involvement purchases: Dissonance-reducing buying behaviour occurs when the consumer is highly involved but sees little difference between brands. This is likely to be the case with the purchase of a lawn mower or a diamond ring. After making a purchase under such circumstances, a consumer is likely…

  • Dissorophoidea (fossil amphibian superfamily)

    amphibian: Annotated classification: ?Superfamily Dissorophoidea (dissorophoids) Middle Pennsylvanian to Lower Triassic. Vertebrae strongly ossified; dorsal surface often with bony armor. ?Family Trematopidae (trematopids) Upper Pennsylvanian to Lower Permian. Vertebrae weakly ossified, large intercentrum. ?Family

  • Dissosteira carolina (insect)

    short-horned grasshopper: …of the common species, the Carolina grasshopper (Dissosteira carolina), has black hind wings with a pale border. The clear-winged grasshopper (Camnula pellucida) is a major crop pest in North America.

  • distaff (textile tool)

    Distaff, Device used in hand spinning in which individual fibres are drawn out of a mass of prepared fibres held on a stick (the distaff), twisted together to form a continuous strand, and wound on a second stick (the spindle). It is most often used for making linen; wool does not require a distaff

  • Distaff, The (poem by Erinna)

    Erinna: …known in antiquity for “The Distaff,” a hexameter poem of lament for a friend, written in the local Dorian dialect. Surviving fragments of her work include three epigrams. She is said to have died at the age of 19.

  • distal convoluted tubule (anatomy)

    drug: Renal system drugs: …the first part of the distal tubule. A mild diuresis results in which sodium, potassium, and chloride ions are eliminated in the urine. Examples of these drugs are chlorothiazide and hydrochlorothiazide.

  • distal myopathy (pathology)

    muscle disease: The muscular dystrophies: Distal myopathy particularly affects the muscles of the feet and hands.

  • distal row (anatomy)

    carpal bone: …row toward the fingers, or distal row, includes the trapezium (greater multangular), trapezoid (lesser multangular), capitate, and hamate. The distal row is firmly attached to the metacarpal bones of the hand. The proximal row articulates with the radius (of the forearm) and the articular disk (a fibrous structure between the…

  • distance (physics)

    astronomy: Determining astronomical distances: A central undertaking in astronomy is the determination of distances. Without a knowledge of astronomical distances, the size of an observed object in space would remain nothing more than an angular diameter and the brightness of a star could not be converted into its…

  • Distance (novel by Thubron)

    Colin Thubron: …by Thubron included Emperor (1978), Distance (1996), To the Last City (2002), and Night of Fire (2016). In 2006 he was made a Commander of the Order of the British Empire (CBE).

  • distance education (education)

    Distance learning, form of education in which the main elements include physical separation of teachers and students during instruction and the use of various technologies to facilitate student-teacher and student-student communication. Distance learning traditionally has focused on nontraditional

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