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  • Fat Man, The (film by Castle [1951])

    Emmett Kelly: …made his motion-picture debut in The Fat Man (1951), a Dashiell Hammett vehicle in which he played villainous ex-con Ed Deets, working as a clown in a circus. He also played himself—or rather his alter ego Weary Willie—in The Greatest Show on Earth (1952). Kelly wrote an autobiography, Clown (1954),…

  • fat processing (chemistry)

    Fat and oil processing, method by which animal and plant substances are prepared for eating by humans. The oil and fat products used for edible purposes can be divided into two distinct classes: liquid oils, such as olive oil, peanut oil, soybean oil, or sunflower oil; and plastic fats, such as

  • fat solubility (chemistry)

    surfactant: hydrophilic (water-soluble) and partly lipophilic (soluble in lipids, or oils). It concentrates at the interfaces between bodies or droplets of water and those of oil, or lipids, to act as an emulsifying agent, or foaming agent.

  • Fat Tuesday (carnival)

    Mardi Gras, (French: Fat Tuesday) festive day celebrated in France on Shrove Tuesday (the Tuesday before Ash Wednesday), which marks the close of the pre-Lenten season. The French name Mardi Gras means Fat Tuesday, from the custom of using all the fats in the home before Lent in preparation for

  • Fat Virgin Island (island, British Virgin Islands)

    Virgin Gorda Island, one of the British Virgin Islands, in the West Indies, lying 80 miles (130 km) east of Puerto Rico. It forms two rectangles joined by a spit, or point, of land. The peninsula in the southwest is flat and strewn with enormous granite boulders, some more than 30 feet (9 metres)

  • fat-splitting enzyme (enzyme)

    Lipase, any of a group of fat-splitting enzymes found in the blood, gastric juices, pancreatic secretions, intestinal juices, and adipose tissues. Lipases hydrolyze triglycerides (fats) into their component fatty acid and glycerol molecules. Initial lipase digestion occurs in the lumen (interior)

  • fat-tailed dunnart (marsupial)

    marsupial mouse: The fat-tailed dunnart (Sminthopsis crassicaudata) stores excess fat in its tail. Members of all genera except Antechinus will go into torpor when food is scarce. The crest-tailed marsupial mouse, or mulgara (Dasycercus cristicauda), an arid-land species valued for killing house mice, gets all of its water…

  • fat-tailed gerbil (rodent)

    gerbil: Natural history: …lower cheek teeth, but the fat-tailed gerbil (Pachyuromys duprasi) of the Sahara Desert, which eats only insects, has six upper but only four lower cheek teeth, a unique combination among the “true” rats and mice (family Muridae). Its very short and club-shaped tail may be an adaptation for fat storage.…

  • Fata Morgana (mirage)

    Fata Morgana, mirage that appeared periodically in the Strait of Messina between Italy and Sicily, named in Italian after the legendary enchantress of Arthurian romance, Morgan le

  • Fata morgana (novel by Kotsyubinsky)

    Mikhaylo Kotsyubinsky: His greatest novel, Fata morgana (1904–10), represented a new approach to the traditional theme of social conflict in a small village; subsequent work used the abortive 1905 revolution as the background for psychological investigations of men at the extremity of emotional experience.

  • Fatah (Palestinian political organization)

    Fatah, political and military organization of Arab Palestinians, founded in the late 1950s by Yassir Arafat and Khalīl al-Wazīr (Abū Jihād) with the aim of wresting Palestine from Israeli control by waging low-intensity guerrilla warfare. In the late 1980s it began seeking a two-state solution

  • Fatah, al- (Palestinian political organization)

    Fatah, political and military organization of Arab Palestinians, founded in the late 1950s by Yassir Arafat and Khalīl al-Wazīr (Abū Jihād) with the aim of wresting Palestine from Israeli control by waging low-intensity guerrilla warfare. In the late 1980s it began seeking a two-state solution

  • Fatal Attraction (film by Lyne [1987])

    Glenn Close: …psychopathic temptress in the thriller Fatal Attraction and as the scheming Marquise de Merteuil in Dangerous Liaisons.

  • Fatal Conceit, The (work by Hayek)

    F.A. Hayek: Life and major works: …helped edit the ultimate volume, The Fatal Conceit, which was published in 1988. Hayek died four years later, having lived long enough to see the reunification of Germany.

  • Fatal Dowry, The (work by Massinger and Field)

    Philip Massinger: …plays written in collaboration are The Fatal Dowry (1616–19, with Nathan Field), a domestic tragedy in a French setting, and The Virgin Martyr (1620?, with Thomas Dekker), a historical play about the persecution of Christians under the Roman emperor Diocletian. Fifteen plays written solely by Massinger have survived, but many…

  • fatal familial insomnia (disease)

    nervous system disease: Prions: Fatal familial insomnia is a rare inherited prion disease that is characterized by disturbed sleep patterns, mental deterioration, loss of coordination, and death.

  • Fatal Legacy, a Tragedy, The (play by Racine)

    Jean Racine: Life: …Molière’s troupe of his play La Thébaide; ou, les frères ennemis (“The Story of Thebes; or, The Fratricides”) at the Palais-Royal Theatre on June 20, 1664. Molière’s company also produced Racine’s next play, Alexandre le grand (Alexander the Great), which premiered at the Palais Royal on December 4, 1665. (It…

  • Fatal Marriage, The (work by Southerne)

    Thomas Southerne: The Fatal Marriage anticipated 18th-century domestic tragedy, and Oroonoko showed affiliations with the earlier heroic plays of Dryden. The role of Isabella, which was first played by the great English actress Elizabeth Barry, gave Sarah Siddons one of her major successes a century later. The…

  • Fatal Shore: The Epic of Australia’s Founding, The (work by Hughes)

    Australia: Strains of modern radicalism: Robert Hughes’s The Fatal Shore: The Epic of Australia’s Founding (1987), a vivid account of the experiences of both transported convicts and colonists that became an international best seller, explored Australia’s origins as a colony and its search for a national identity.

  • fatalism (philosophy)

    Fatalism, the attitude of mind which accepts whatever happens as having been bound or decreed to happen. Such acceptance may be taken to imply belief in a binding or decreeing agent. The development of this implication can be found in ancient Greek and Roman mythology, with its personification of

  • Fatawā-ye jahāndārī (work by Baranī)

    ?iyā? al-Dīn Baranī: In his Fatawā-ye jahāndārī (“Rulings on Temporal Government”), influenced by Sufī mysticism, he expounded a religious philosophy of history that viewed the events in the lives of great men as manifestations of divine providence. According to Baranī, the Delhi sultans from Ghiyās? al-Dīn Balban (reigned 1266–87) to…

  • fatback (fish)

    Menhaden, any of several species of valuable Atlantic coastal fishes in the genus Brevoortia of the herring family (Clupeidae), utilized for oil, fish meal, and fertilizer. Menhaden have a deep body, sharp-edged belly, large head, and tooth-edged scales. Adults are about 37.5 cm (about 15 inches)

  • Fatboy Slim (British musician and deejay)

    David Byrne: …notably teaming with electronic deejay Fatboy Slim to create Here Lies Love, a disco musical about the life of Filipina political icon Imelda Marcos. During the show’s development, its songs were recorded and released as an album (2010); it premiered onstage in 2013. Throughout his career Byrne produced and exhibited…

  • Fate (Greek and Roman mythology)

    Fate, in Greek and Roman mythology, any of three goddesses who determined human destinies, and in particular the span of a person’s life and his allotment of misery and suffering. Homer speaks of Fate (moira) in the singular as an impersonal power and sometimes makes its functions interchangeable

  • fate (religion)

    providence: Etymological history of the term: …of a blind and inexorable fate can lead to a conflict with the belief in a benevolent providence. In the Greco-Roman world, where fatalistic belief was strong and where it found a popular expression in astrology, the belief that the whole world, but particularly the human realm, is governed by…

  • fate drama (dramatic literature)

    Fate tragedy, a type of play especially popular in early 19th-century Germany in which a malignant destiny drives the protagonist to commit a horrible crime, often unsuspectingly. Adolf Mullner’s Der neunundzwanzigste Februar (1812; “February 29”) and Die Schuld (1813; “The Debt”) and Zacharias

  • fate map (biology)

    animal development: Amphioxus, echinoderms, and amphibians: …adult recorded in diagrams called fate maps. The fate map of a frog blastula just prior to gastrulation demonstrates that the materials for the various organs of the embryo are not yet in the position corresponding to that in which the organs will lie in a fully developed animal. The…

  • Fate of a Cockroach, and Other Plays (work by al-?akīm)

    Arabic literature: Tawfīq al-?akīm: in Fate of a Cockroach, and Other Plays) is particularly noteworthy in this regard.

  • Fate of Reading, The (work by Hartman)

    Geoffrey H. Hartman: In his essay collection The Fate of Reading (1975), Hartman argued that history, like literature, is open to many interpretations and therefore is also a kind of “critical energy.” In Criticism in the Wilderness (1980), he called for uniting the studies of literature, history, and philosophy and disputed the…

  • Fate of the Furious, The (film by Gray [2017])

    Dwayne Johnson: … (2013), Furious 7 (2015), and The Fate of the Furious (2017). He also appeared in the family entertainments The Game Plan (2007), Tooth Fairy (2010), and Journey 2: The Mysterious Island (2012). Johnson then was cast as the titular Greek mythological figure in Hercules (2014). He played a firefighter dealing…

  • fate tragedy (dramatic literature)

    Fate tragedy, a type of play especially popular in early 19th-century Germany in which a malignant destiny drives the protagonist to commit a horrible crime, often unsuspectingly. Adolf Mullner’s Der neunundzwanzigste Februar (1812; “February 29”) and Die Schuld (1813; “The Debt”) and Zacharias

  • Fateh (oil field, Dubai, United Arab Emirates)

    Dubai: …the offshore oil field of Fat? (Fateh) was discovered in the Persian Gulf about 75 miles (120 km) due east of Dubai, in waters where the state had granted an oil concession. By the 1970s three 20-story submarine tanks, each holding 500,000 barrels, were installed on the seabed at the…

  • Fateh Ali Tipu (sultan of Mysore)

    Tippu Sultan, sultan of Mysore, who won fame in the wars of the late 18th century in southern India. Tippu was instructed in military tactics by French officers in the employ of his father, Hyder Ali, who was the Muslim ruler of Mysore. In 1767 Tippu commanded a corps of cavalry against the

  • Fateh Singh (Gaikwar leader)

    India: Subordinate Maratha rulers: The eventual successor of Damaji, Fateh Singh (ruled 1771–89), did not remain allied to the peshwa for long, though. Rather, in the late 1770s and early ’80s, he chose to negotiate a settlement with the English East India Company, which eventually led to increased British interference in his affairs. By…

  • Fateh Singh, Sant (Sikh religious leader)

    Sant Fateh Singh, Sikh religious leader who became the foremost campaigner for Sikh rights in postindependence India. Fateh Singh spent most of his early career in social and educational activities around Ganganagar, in what is now northern Rajasthan state, western India. In the 1940s he, Tara

  • Fateh University, al- (university, Tripoli, Libya)

    Tripoli: Universities in Tripoli include Al-Fāte? University, founded in 1957 and previously part of the former federal University of Libya before its split in 1973, and Open University, founded in 1987. Libya’s Department of Antiquities, which oversees the country’s museums and archaeological sites, is also located in Tripoli, as are…

  • Fatehgarh (India)

    Farrukhabad-cum-Fatehgarh: Fatehgarh also was founded about 1714, when a fort was built on the site; a massacre occurred there during the Indian Mutiny of 1857–58. Farrukhabad-cum-Fatehgarh is a major road and rail junction, a manufacturing centre, and an agricultural market. The area is the site of…

  • Fatehpur (India)

    Fatehpur, city, southern Uttar Pradesh state, northern India. It lies in the Ganges-Yamuna Doab, just south of the Ganges (Ganga) River and about 45 miles (70 km) southeast of Kanpur. The city was founded by Pashtuns (Pathans) in the 15th century. It subsequently came under the control of several

  • Fatehpur Sikri (India)

    Fatehpur Sikri, town, western Uttar Pradesh state, northern India. It lies just east of the Rajasthan state border, about 23 miles (37 km) west-southwest of Agra. The town was founded in 1569 by the great Mughal emperor Akbar. In that year Akbar had visited the Muslim hermit Chishti, who was

  • Fateless (novel by Kertész)

    Imre Kertész: …most-acclaimed novel, Sorstalanság (Fatelessness, or Fateless), which he completed in the mid-1960s but was unable to publish for nearly a decade. When the novel finally appeared in 1975, it received little critical attention but established Kertész as a unique and provocative voice in the dissident subculture within contemporary Hungarian literature.…

  • Fatelessness (novel by Kertész)

    Imre Kertész: …most-acclaimed novel, Sorstalanság (Fatelessness, or Fateless), which he completed in the mid-1960s but was unable to publish for nearly a decade. When the novel finally appeared in 1975, it received little critical attention but established Kertész as a unique and provocative voice in the dissident subculture within contemporary Hungarian literature.…

  • Fatemi, Hosayn (Iranian politician)

    Hosayn Fatemi, Iranian politician who supported Mohammad Mosaddeq in his power struggle with Iran’s monarch, Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi. Educated at Stewart Memorial College in E?fahān, Fatemi moved to Tehrān in 1938. There he became a contributor to the newspaper Bākhtar (“The West”), which was

  • Fates Divide, The (novel by Roth)

    Veronica Roth: The sequel, The Fates Divide, was released in 2018. The next year Roth published The End and Other Beginnings: Stories from the Future, a book of short stories. Chosen Ones (2020), her first novel for adults, follows a group of people who defeated an evil overlord years…

  • Fates of the Apostles, The (work by Cynewulf)

    Cynewulf: Elene and The Fates of the Apostles are in the Vercelli Book, and The Ascension (which forms the second part of a trilogy, Christ, and is also called Christ II) and Juliana are in the Exeter Book. An epilogue to each poem, asking for prayers for the…

  • FATF (intergovernmental body)

    Grenada: Independence: …the crosshairs of the Paris-based Financial Action Task Force (FATF), which described Grenada’s system for dealing with money laundering as having “serious deficiencies.” On one day in March 2001, 17 Grenadian banks were closed down, all of them linked to the First International Bank of Grenada, which had collapsed in…

  • Fat? (Palestinian political organization)

    Fatah, political and military organization of Arab Palestinians, founded in the late 1950s by Yassir Arafat and Khalīl al-Wazīr (Abū Jihād) with the aim of wresting Palestine from Israeli control by waging low-intensity guerrilla warfare. In the late 1980s it began seeking a two-state solution

  • Fat? (oil field, Dubai, United Arab Emirates)

    Dubai: …the offshore oil field of Fat? (Fateh) was discovered in the Persian Gulf about 75 miles (120 km) due east of Dubai, in waters where the state had granted an oil concession. By the 1970s three 20-story submarine tanks, each holding 500,000 barrels, were installed on the seabed at the…

  • Fa?h Allāh ?Imād-al-Mulk (Indian governor)

    India: Bahmanī decline: …?ādil Khān of Bijapur and Fa?h Allāh ?Imād al-Mulk of Berar had demonstrated their sympathy for Malik A?mad’s activities and soon emulated him. Although the three governors still did not assume the insignia of royalty, it was clear by the end of 1490 that Sultan Ma?mūd and the chief minister,…

  • Fat? Khan Bārakzay (Afghani vizier)

    Afghanistan: Zamān Shah (1793–1800): Ma?mūd, assisted by his vizier, Fat? Khan Bārakzay, eldest son of Sardār Pāyenda Khan, and by Fat? ?Alī Shah, took Kandahār and advanced on Kabul. Zamān, in India, hurried back to Afghanistan. There he was handed over to Ma?mūd, blinded, and imprisoned (1800). The Durrānī empire had begun to disintegrate…

  • Fat? ?Alī Shāh (shah of Iran)

    Fat? ?Alī Shāh, shah of Persia (1797–1834) whose reign coincided with rivalry among France, Great Britain, and Russia over eastern affairs. Strong enough to subdue a rebellion in Khorāsān, he could not defeat the European powers. He became involved in a war with Russia in 1804 concerning the

  • Fatha (American musician)

    Earl Hines, American jazz pianist, bandleader, and composer whose unique playing style made him one of the most influential musicians in jazz history. Hines was born into a musical family in Pittsburgh. As a child he learned trumpet from his father and then piano from his mother; his sister was

  • fathead minnow (fish)

    minnow: Others include the 6-centimetre fathead minnow (P. promelas) and the common shiner (Notropis cornutus), a blue and silver minnow up to 20 cm long. The golden shiner, or American roach (Notemigonus cryseleucas), a larger, greenish and golden minnow attaining a length of 30 cm and a weight of 0.7…

  • fathead sculpin (fish)

    scorpaeniform: Annotated classification: Family Psychrolutidae (fathead sculpins) Body naked, with loose skin, or with plates bearing prickles; lateral line reduced; pelvic fin with one spine and three soft rays; vertebrae 28–38. Size to 65 cm (26 inches). Shallow to deep waters (2,800 metres [9,200 feet]) of the Atlantic, Pacific, and…

  • Father (Mithraism)

    Mithraism: Worship, practices, and institutions: …of (and to) the Sun; pater, Father. To each rank belonged a particular mask (Raven, Persian, Lion) or dress (Bridegroom). The rising of the Mithraist in grade prefigured the ascent of the soul after death. The series of the seven initiations seems to have been enacted by passing through seven…

  • Father (Gnosticism)

    gnosticism: Adversus haereses: …named Barbelo and an unnameable Father, perhaps to be understood as female and male aspects, respectively, of the highest god. In any event, the Father and Barbelo generate a divine family of entities, each of which is a mythic personification of a divine faculty or attribute: Thought (a personification of…

  • father (kinship)

    blood group: Paternity testing: …a male is not the father of a particular child. Since the red cell antigens are inherited as dominant traits, a child cannot have a blood group antigen that is not present in one or both parents. For example, if the child in question belongs to group A and both…

  • Father and Daughter (work by Opie)

    Amelia Opie: …and poet whose best work, Father and Daughter (1801), influenced the development of the 19th-century popular novel.

  • Father and Son (autobiography by Gosse)

    Father and Son, autobiography by Edmund Gosse, published anonymously in 1907. Considered a minor masterpiece, Father and Son is a sensitive study of the clash between religious fundamentalism and intellectual curiosity. The book recounts Gosse’s austere childhood, particularly his relationship with

  • Father Comes Home from the Wars (Parts 1, 2 & 3) (play by Parks)

    Suzan-Lori Parks: Another critically acclaimed play, Father Comes Home from the Wars (Parts 1, 2 & 3) (produced 2014), was based on Homer’s Odyssey and set during the American Civil War. It contained the first three segments of a projected nine-part epic drama. Race and friendship are explored in White Noise…

  • Father Gleim (German poet)

    Johann Wilhelm Ludwig Gleim, German Anacreontic poet. Gleim studied law at Halle and was successively secretary to Prince William of Brandenburg-Schwedt at Berlin, to Prince Leopold of Dessau, and secretary (1747) of the cathedral chapter at Halberstadt. “Father Gleim” was the title accorded him

  • Father Goose (film by Nelson [1964])

    Ralph Nelson: In the amiable Father Goose (1964), Cary Grant appeared against type as a beach bum on a South Seas island during World War II. In 1966 Nelson ventured into westerns with Duel at Diablo, which starred James Garner and Poitier. Nelson then guided Cliff Robertson to the best-actor…

  • Father Gus (American priest)

    Augustus Tolton, American religious leader who is regarded as the first African American ordained as a priest in the Roman Catholic Church (see Researcher’s Note). Tolton was born into slavery. His parents, Peter Paul and Martha Jane (née Chisley) Tolton, were baptized Catholics who had been

  • Father Knows Best (American radio and television series)

    radio: The end of American radio’s Golden Age: Some situation comedies, such as Father Knows Best and The Adventures of Ozzie and Harriet, became even bigger successes on television than they had been on radio, but others disappeared quickly. Some series were revamped for television: Gunsmoke became a long-running success on TV, but it had an entirely different…

  • Father of American Football, the (American sportsman)

    Walter Camp, sports authority best known for having selected the earliest All-America teams in American college gridiron football. More important, Camp played a leading role in developing the American game as distinct from rugby football. As an undergraduate and then as a medical student at Yale

  • Father of His Country (president of United States)

    George Washington, American general and commander in chief of the colonial armies in the American Revolution (1775–83) and subsequently first president of the United States (1789–97). Washington’s father, Augustine Washington, had gone to school in England, tasted seafaring life, and then settled

  • Father of Rhythm Tap (American dancer)

    tap dance: Vaudeville: John Bubbles, for instance, has gone down in history as the “Father of Rhythm Tap.” Though he may not have been the very first tap dancer to use the heel tap to push rhythm from the 1920s jazz beat to the 1930s swing beat, he…

  • Father of the Bride (film by Minnelli [1950])

    Father of the Bride, American comedy film, released in 1950, that is considered a classic of the genre, especially noted for Spencer Tracy’s performance. Tracy portrayed Stanley T. Banks, the exasperated father of a bride-to-be (played by Elizabeth Taylor). Told in flashback, the film chronicles

  • Father of the Bride (film by Shyer [1991])

    Steve Martin: Rotten Scoundrels (1988), Parenthood (1989), Father of the Bride (1991), and Father of the Bride, Part II (1995).

  • Father of the Bride Part II (film by Shyer [1995])

    Steve Martin: …of the Bride (1991), and Father of the Bride, Part II (1995).

  • Father of the Church (Christianity)

    Church Father, any of the great bishops and other eminent Christian teachers of the early centuries whose writings remained as a court of appeal for their successors, especially in reference to controverted points of faith or practice. See patristic

  • Father of the People (king of France)

    Louis XII, king of France from 1498, noted for his disastrous Italian wars and for his domestic popularity. Son of Charles, duc d’Orléans, and Marie de Clèves, Louis succeeded his father as duke in 1465. In 1476 he was forced to marry Jeanne of France, daughter of his second cousin King Louis XI.

  • Father Petre (English Jesuit)

    Sir Edward Petre, 2nd Baronet, English Jesuit, favourite of King James II of Great Britain. Educated in France, he entered the Society of Jesus in 1652 and took orders in 1671, when he returned to England. In 1679 he succeeded to the family baronetcy and estates and was appointed vice provincial of

  • Father Reading the Bible to His Children, The (painting by Greuze)

    Jean-Baptiste Greuze: …his moralizing genre painting of Father Reading the Bible to His Children (1755). Although Greuze’s attention at this time was fixed on a less-pretentious type of genre painting in which the influence of 17th-century Dutch masters is apparent, the favourable attention he received turned his head and established the lines…

  • Father Sergius (work by Tolstoy)

    Leo Tolstoy: Fiction after 1880: Otets Sergy (written 1898; Father Sergius), which may be taken as Tolstoy’s self-critique, tells the story of a proud man who wants to become a saint but discovers that sainthood cannot be consciously sought. Regarded as a great holy man, Sergius comes to realize that his reputation is groundless;…

  • Father Tantra (Buddhist literature)

    Buddhism: Vajrayana literature: …been divided into the so-called Father Tantra (emphasizing activity), the Mother Tantra (emphasizing appreciation), and the Nondual Tantra (dealing with both aspects unitively). The original Sanskrit versions of most of these works have been lost, but their influence is noticeable in works such as Jnanasiddhi (“Attainment of Knowledge”) by the…

  • Father Was a Fullback (film by Stahl [1949])

    John M. Stahl: The genial Father Was a Fullback (1949) was arguably better; Fred MacMurray played a college football coach who struggles with a losing team and two rebellious daughters (Natalie Wood and Betty Lynn). Stahl’s last film was the period musical Oh, You Beautiful Doll (1949), which featured S.Z.…

  • Father’s Day (holiday)

    Father’s Day, in the United States, holiday (third Sunday in June) to honour fathers. Credit for originating the holiday is generally given to Sonora Smart Dodd of Spokane, Washington, whose father, a Civil War veteran, raised her and her five siblings after their mother died in childbirth. She is

  • Father’s Law, A (novel by Wright)

    Richard Wright: …and an unfinished crime novel, A Father’s Law (2008), were also released posthumously.

  • Father, The (play by Strindberg)

    The Father, tragic drama in three acts by August Strindberg, published in 1887 as Fadren and performed the same year. Strindberg had come to believe that life is a series of struggles between weaker and stronger wills, and the influences of Strindberg’s misogyny and naturalistic fiction are evident

  • father-god (religion)

    Celtic religion: Goddesses and divine consorts: …her union with the universal father-god. Welsh and Irish tradition preserve many variations on a basic triadic relationship of divine mother, father, and son. The goddess appears, for example, in Welsh as Modron (from Matrona, “Divine Mother”) and Rhiannon (“Divine Queen”) and in Irish as Boann and Macha. Her partner…

  • Fatheralong: A Meditation on Fathers and Sons, Race and Society (work by Wideman)

    John Edgar Wideman: …other works were the memoirs Fatheralong: A Meditation on Fathers and Sons, Race and Society (1994) and Hoop Roots: Basketball, Race, and Love (2001) as well as the novels The Cattle Killing (1996) and Fanon (2008).

  • Fatherfucker (work by Uchida Shungicu)

    Uchida Shungicu: The first, Fatherfucker, is a titillating yet disturbing autobiographical novel that sold 300,000 copies after its appearance in late 1993. By July 1994 it had gone into 18 printings, and the following year it was made into a film, released under the title The Girl of Silence.…

  • fatherhood (kinship)

    blood group: Paternity testing: …a male is not the father of a particular child. Since the red cell antigens are inherited as dominant traits, a child cannot have a blood group antigen that is not present in one or both parents. For example, if the child in question belongs to group A and both…

  • Fatherland Committee (Netherlands history)

    Willem Drees: …movement and presided over the Fatherland Committee, which prepared the first governmental measures after the liberation of the Netherlands in 1945.

  • Fatherland Front (Vietnamese political organization)

    Viet Minh: …by a new organization, the Lien Viet, or Vietnamese National Popular Front. In 1951 the majority of the Viet Minh leadership was absorbed into the Lao Dong, or Vietnamese Workers’ Party (later Vietnamese Communist Party), which remained the dominant force in North Vietnam.

  • Fatherland Front (political party, Europe)

    Austria: Authoritarianism: Dollfuss and Schuschnigg: …parties were abolished except the Fatherland Front (Vaterl?ndische Front), which Dollfuss had founded in 1933 to unite all conservative groups. In April 1934 the rump of the parliament was brought together and accepted an authoritarian constitution. The executive was given complete control over the legislative branch of government; the elected…

  • Fatherland Party (German movement)

    Germany: World War I: Shortly thereafter the Fatherland Party was established with enormous support from the elites. Its program included a commitment to fight for an unequivocal German victory, including annexations, and maintenance of the Prusso-German political system.

  • Fathers and Sons (work by Turgenev)

    Fathers and Sons, novel by Ivan Turgenev, published in 1862 as Ottsy i deti. Quite controversial at the time of its publication, Fathers and Sons concerns the inevitable conflict between generations and between the values of traditionalists and intellectuals. The physician Bazarov, the novel’s

  • Fathers of Confederation (Canadian history)

    Fathers of Confederation, traditionally the 36 men who represented British North American colonies at one or more of the conferences—Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island (September 1864), Quebec (October 1864), and London (1866–67)—that lead to the creation of the Dominion of Canada on July 1, 1867.

  • Fathers, The (work by Tate)

    Allen Tate: Tate’s only novel, The Fathers (1938), refashioned the Jason-Medea myth to promulgate agrarian beliefs. His Collected Poems was published in 1977; Essays of Four Decades appeared in 1969.

  • fathom (unit of measurement)

    Fathom, old English measure of length, now standardized at 6 feet (1.83 metre), which has long been used as a nautical unit of depth. The longest of many units derived from an anatomical measurement, the fathom originated as the distance from the middle fingertip of one hand to the middle fingertip

  • Fathometer (trade name measurement device)

    Fathometer:, trade name for a type of sonic depth finder

  • Fathy, Hassan (Egyptian architect)

    Islamic arts: Islamic art under European influence and contemporary trends: …by the visionary Egyptian architect Hassan Fathy, who, in eloquent and prophetic terms, urged that the traditional forms and techniques of vernacular architecture be studied and adapted to contemporary needs. Directly or indirectly, his work inspired many young architects in the Muslim world and led to a host of fascinating…

  • Fatialofa, Peter (Samoan athlete)

    Peter Fatialofa, Samoan rugby player who captained the national team of Western Samoa (now Samoa) in 1993 in its first rugby union international match. Fatialofa was born in New Zealand and spent part of his childhood with his father in Western Samoa before returning to Auckland. He played club

  • Fatialofa, Peter Momoe (Samoan athlete)

    Peter Fatialofa, Samoan rugby player who captained the national team of Western Samoa (now Samoa) in 1993 in its first rugby union international match. Fatialofa was born in New Zealand and spent part of his childhood with his father in Western Samoa before returning to Auckland. He played club

  • fatiche di Ercole, Le (film by Francisci)

    Steve Reeves: …Le fatiche di Ercole (1957; Hercules, 1959). Hercules was a box-office success in America and set the stage for a series of swashbuckling “sword-and-sandal” epics that showcased Reeves as a heroic strongman. Although Reeves had other Italian-American hits—Agi Murad il diavolo bianco (1959; The White Warrior, 1961), Gli ultimi giorni…

  • fatigue (physiology)

    Fatigue, specific form of human inadequacy in which the individual experiences an aversion to exertion and feels unable to carry on. Such feelings may be generated by muscular effort; exhaustion of the energy supply to the muscles of the body, however, is not an invariable precursor. Feelings of

  • fatigue (materials failure)

    Fatigue, in engineering, manifestation of progressive fracture in a solid under cyclic loading as in the case of a metal strip that ruptures after repeated bending back and forth. Fatigue fracture begins with one or several cracks on the surface that spread inward in the course of repeated

  • Fatigue and Efficiency (work by Goldmark)

    Josephine Clara Goldmark: …years of work went into Fatigue and Efficiency, published by the Russell Sage Foundation in 1912, in which she demonstrated that excessive working hours were injurious not only to workers but also to overall productivity. She directed the research and compilation of facts that went into many of her brother-in-law’s…

  • fatigue fracture (medicine)

    Stress fracture, any overuse injury that affects the integrity of bone. Stress fractures were once commonly described as march fractures, because they were reported most often in military recruits who had recently increased their level of impact activities. The injuries have since been found to be

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