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  • Formula One (automobile racing)

    Phil Hill: …driver to win (1961) the Formula 1 (F1) Grand Prix world championship of drivers.

  • Formula Translation (computer language)

    FORTRAN, computer-programming language created in 1957 by John Backus that shortened the process of programming and made computer programming more accessible. The creation of FORTRAN, which debuted in 1957, marked a significant stage in the development of computer-programming languages. Previous

  • Formula Translator (computer language)

    FORTRAN, computer-programming language created in 1957 by John Backus that shortened the process of programming and made computer programming more accessible. The creation of FORTRAN, which debuted in 1957, marked a significant stage in the development of computer-programming languages. Previous

  • formula weight (chemistry)

    Formula weight, in chemistry, the sum of the atomic weights of all atoms appearing in a given chemical formula. It is generally applied to a substance that does not consist of individual molecules, such as the ionic compound sodium chloride. Such a substance is customarily represented by a

  • formula, chemical

    Chemical formula, any of several kinds of expressions of the composition or structure of chemical compounds. The forms commonly encountered are empirical, molecular, structural, and projection formulas. An empirical formula consists of symbols representing elements in a compound, such as Na for

  • Formula, The (film by Avildsen [1980])

    John G. Avildsen: …the Big City (1978) and The Formula (1980), a conspiracy thriller with Marlon Brando and George C. Scott, illustrated Avildsen’s unfortunate tendency to follow victory with defeat. His adaptation of Thomas Berger’s novel Neighbors (1981), starring John Belushi and Dan Aykroyd, was also a critical and commercial disappointment, as was…

  • Formulae imperiales (diplomatics)

    diplomatics: Types of documents: … (early 8th century) and the Formulae imperiales (828–832). Significant collections of formulas serving as models for papal documents have been preserved from the 13th century.

  • Formulae Marculfi (diplomatics)

    diplomatics: Types of documents: …were made, such as the Formulae Marculfi (early 8th century) and the Formulae imperiales (828–832). Significant collections of formulas serving as models for papal documents have been preserved from the 13th century.

  • Formulaire de mathematiques (work by Peano)

    Giuseppe Peano: His Formulaire de mathématiques (Italian Formulario mathematico, “Mathematical Formulary”), published from 1894 to 1908 with collaborators, was intended to develop mathematics in its entirety from its fundamental postulates, using Peano’s logic notation and his simplified international language. This proved hard to read, and after World War…

  • Formulare Anglicanum (work by Madox)

    Thomas Madox: …he wrote his first work, Formulare Anglicanum (1702), a classified collection of charters and legal instruments of Britain from 1066 to 1547. Chosen primarily from the archives of the court of augmentation, this work is considered a landmark in the diplomatic history of post-Conquest charters.

  • Formulario mathematico (work by Peano)

    Giuseppe Peano: His Formulaire de mathématiques (Italian Formulario mathematico, “Mathematical Formulary”), published from 1894 to 1908 with collaborators, was intended to develop mathematics in its entirety from its fundamental postulates, using Peano’s logic notation and his simplified international language. This proved hard to read, and after World War…

  • formulary system (law)

    procedural law: Roman law and the Islamic legal tradition: …century bce, a more flexible formulary procedure developed. Lawsuits were divided into two parts, the first being devoted to defining the issues, the second to deciding the case. The suit began with the parties presenting their claims and defenses orally to a judicial official called a praetor, whose main function…

  • formwork (construction)

    Formwork, Mold used to form concrete into structural shapes (beams, columns, slabs, shells) for building. Formwork can be of timber, steel, plastic, or fiberglass. The inside surface is coated with a bond breaker (plastic or oil) to keep the concrete from sticking to the mold. Important for

  • formyl chloride (chemical compound)

    carboxylic acid: Nomenclature and synthesis: …chloride of formic acid (formyl chloride) cannot be isolated, because it decomposes to carbon monoxide (CO) and hydrogen chloride (HCl). The only practical way to synthesize acyl chlorides is to treat a carboxylic acid with a compound such as thionyl chloride (see above Principal reactions of carboxylic acids: Conversion…

  • formyl group (chemical compound)

    aldehyde: Synthesis of aldehydes: A formyl group (―CHO) can be put onto an aromatic ring by several methods (ArH → ArCHO). In one of the most common of these, called the Reimer-Tiemann reaction, phenols (ArOH) are converted to phenolic aldehydes by treatment with chloroform in basic solution. The ―CHO group…

  • formylmethionine (chemical compound)

    metabolism: Synthesis of proteins: …of the protein is always formylmethionine (f-Met). There is no evidence that f-Met is involved in protein synthesis in eukaryotic cells.

  • fornaldar s?gur (Scandinavian literature)

    Fornaldars?gur, (Old Norse: “sagas of antiquity”) class of Icelandic sagas dealing with the ancient myths and hero legends of Germania, with the adventures of Vikings, or with other exotic adventures in foreign lands. These stories take place on the European continent before the settlement of

  • fornaldars?gur (Scandinavian literature)

    Fornaldars?gur, (Old Norse: “sagas of antiquity”) class of Icelandic sagas dealing with the ancient myths and hero legends of Germania, with the adventures of Vikings, or with other exotic adventures in foreign lands. These stories take place on the European continent before the settlement of

  • Fornar ástir (work by Nordal)

    Sigurdur Jóhannesson Nordal: His short-story collection Fornar ástir (1919; “Old Loves”) played a significant role in the development of the modern Icelandic short story and the prose-lyric form. Nordal’s íslenzk lestrarbók 1400–1900 (1924; “Icelandic Anthology 1400–1900”) was also influential.

  • Fornax (astronomy)

    Fornax, (Latin: “Furnace”) constellation in the southern sky at about 3 hours right ascension and 30° south in declination. Its brightest star is Alpha Fornacis, with a magnitude of 3.9. The French astronomer Nicolas Louis de Lacaille formed this constellation in 1754; it represents a type of

  • Forner, Juan Pablo (Spanish writer)

    Juan Pablo Forner, foremost literary polemicist of the 18th century in Spain. His brilliant wit was often admirably used against fads, affectations, and muddleheadedness but also often cruelly and spitefully against personalities. Forner was educated in Salamanca, studying widely in Greek, Latin,

  • Fornés, Maria Irene (American dramatist)

    Maria Irene Fornés, Cuban-born American dramatist. Her family moved to the United States in 1945, and she became a painter before beginning to write plays in the early 1960s. She wrote more than 40 stage works and directed her own works as well as classic drama. Her innovative dramas made her one

  • Fornicata (protist)

    protozoan: Annotated classification: Fornicata Possess unique B fibre, a non-microtubular fibre, against 1 microtubular root. Carpediemonas Biflagellated, free-living unicells with a broad cytostome containing a posterior-directed flagellum. Eopharyngia Lack typical mitochondria;

  • Fornovo, Battle of (Italian history)

    Pierre Terrail, seigneur de Bayard: …and was knighted after the Battle of Fornovo (1495). In Louis XII’s wars he was the hero of numerous combats; he was wounded at the assault on Canossa and was the hero of a celebrated combat of 11 French knights against an equal number of Spanish ones. On one occasion…

  • F?royar Islands (islands, Atlantic Ocean)

    Faroe Islands, group of islands in the North Atlantic Ocean between Iceland and the Shetland Islands. They form a self-governing overseas administrative division of the kingdom of Denmark. There are 17 inhabited islands and many islets and reefs. The main islands are Streymoy (Streym), Eysturoy

  • F?roysk language

    Faroese language, language spoken in the Faroe Islands by some 48,000 inhabitants. Faroese belongs to the West Scandinavian group of the North Germanic languages. It preserves more characteristics of Old Norse than any other language except modern Icelandic, to which it is closely related, but with

  • Forrer, Emil (German linguist)

    Anatolian languages: Palaic: …was first advocated by Assyriologist Emil Forrer in 1922. As with Old Hittite, part of the Palaic material is preserved on tablets written in a hand known as “old ductus.” The knowledge of the limited vocabulary leaves much to be desired, but, despite some unmistakable influences from the non-Indo-European Hattian,…

  • Forrer, Ludwig (Swiss statesman)

    Ludwig Forrer, Swiss statesman, twice elected federal president, who was a noted proponent of Swiss legal reform. A leader of Zürich radicalism and a lawyer of national prominence, Forrer served between 1873 and 1900 on the federal Nationalrat (national assembly), where he continually pressed for

  • Forres (Scotland, United Kingdom)

    Forres, small royal burgh (town) in the council area and historic county of Moray, northeastern Scotland, 12 miles (19 km) west-southwest of Elgin. The town’s first royal charter was probably granted in 1150 by King David I and, in any case, was confirmed by James IV in 1496. The castle was a royal

  • Forrest City (Arkansas, United States)

    Forrest City, city and seat (1874) of St. Francis county, east-central Arkansas, U.S., on the west slope of Crowley’s Ridge between the L’Anguille and St. Francis rivers, 45 miles (72 km) west of Memphis, Tennessee. Originally a railroad camp, it was founded (1866) by the Confederate general Nathan

  • Forrest Gump (film by Zemeckis [1994])

    Forrest Gump, American film, released in 1994, that chronicled 30 years (from the 1950s through the early 1980s) of the life of a intellectually disabled man (played by Tom Hanks) in an unlikely fable that earned critical praise, large audiences, and six Academy Awards, including best picture. The

  • Forrest of Bunbury, Baron (Australian explorer and statesman)

    Sir John Forrest, explorer and statesman who led pioneer expeditions into Australia’s western interior. As Western Australia’s first premier (1890–1901), he sponsored public works construction and negotiated the state’s entry into the Australian Commonwealth in 1901. After entering Western

  • Forrest, Edwin (American actor)

    Edwin Forrest, American actor who was the centre of two major scandals of the mid-19th century. In 1820 he made his stage debut as Young Norval in John Home’s tragedy Douglas at the Walnut Street Theatre in Philadelphia. In 1825 he played in support of Edmund Kean, and his maturity as an actor

  • Forrest, George (American songwriter)

    George Forrest, (George Forrest Chichester, Jr.), American songwriter who enjoyed a fruitful 72-year partnership with Robert Wright; the two composed songs for such Broadway musicals as Gypsy Lady (1946), Magdalena (1948), Kismet (1953), notably “Stranger in Paradise” and “Baubles, Bangles and

  • Forrest, Helen (American musician)

    Helen Forrest, American jazz singer who performed with a number of prominent big bands during the late 1930s and early ’40s, including those led by Artie Shaw, Benny Goodman, and Harry James; she embarked on a long and successful solo career in 1944 and recorded her last album, Now and Forever, in

  • Forrest, Leon (American writer)

    Leon Forrest, African-American author of large, inventive novels that fuse myth, history, legend, and contemporary realism. Forrest attended the University of Chicago and served in the U.S. Army before beginning his career as a writer. From 1965 to 1973 Forrest worked as a journalist for various

  • Forrest, Nathan Bedford (Confederate general)

    Nathan Bedford Forrest, Confederate cavalry commander in the American Civil War (1861–65) who was often described as a “born military genius.” His rule of action, “Get there first with the most men,” became one of the most often quoted statements of the war. Forrest is also one of the most

  • Forrest, Sally (American actress)

    Ida Lupino: Directing: …in which Not Wanted star Sally Forrest played a young dancer stricken with polio. With that film Lupino became Hollywood’s first credited female director since the retirement of Dorothy Arzner in 1943. In 1950 Lupino also became the second woman admitted to the Directors Guild of America.

  • Forrest, Sir John (Australian explorer and statesman)

    Sir John Forrest, explorer and statesman who led pioneer expeditions into Australia’s western interior. As Western Australia’s first premier (1890–1901), he sponsored public works construction and negotiated the state’s entry into the Australian Commonwealth in 1901. After entering Western

  • Forrest, Vernon (American boxer)

    Vernon Forrest, American boxer (born Jan. 12, 1971, Augusta, Ga.—died July 25, 2009, Atlanta, Ga.), held three world titles during his 17-year professional career (1992–2009)—the International Boxing Federation welterweight (2001), the World Boxing Council (WBC) welterweight (2002–03), and the WBC

  • Forrestal (ship)

    naval ship: Large carriers: …full jet carrier was USS Forrestal, commissioned in 1955. The 60,000-ton Forrestal carriers were built with rectangular extensions to the after part of the flight deck; these considerably widened the deck and allowed the angled landing strip to be merely painted on rather than extended over the side. The elevators…

  • Forrestal, James V. (United States secretary of defense)

    James V. Forrestal, first U.S. secretary of defense (1947–49). Earlier, in the Navy Department, he directed the huge naval expansion and procurement programs of World War II. After serving in naval aviation in World War I, Forrestal resumed his connection with a New York City investment firm, of

  • Forrestal, James Vincent (United States secretary of defense)

    James V. Forrestal, first U.S. secretary of defense (1947–49). Earlier, in the Navy Department, he directed the huge naval expansion and procurement programs of World War II. After serving in naval aviation in World War I, Forrestal resumed his connection with a New York City investment firm, of

  • Forrester, Jay Wright (American engineer)

    Jay Wright Forrester, American electrical engineer and management expert who invented the random-access magnetic core memory, the information-storage device employed in most digital computers. He also led the development of an early general purpose computer and was regarded as the founder of the

  • Forrester, Maureen Katherine Stewart (Canadian singer)

    Maureen Katherine Stewart Forrester, Canadian contralto (born July 25, 1930, Montreal, Que.—died June 16, 2010, Toronto, Ont.), brought her rich lower-register voice to critically acclaimed recitals, symphonies, operas, and musicals in a career spanning five decades. Forrester studied voice

  • Forros (people)

    Sao Tome and Principe: Ethnic groups: The population consists mainly of Forros (from forro, Portuguese for “free man”), descendants of immigrant Europeans and African slaves. Another group, the Angolares, descended from runaway Angolan slaves who were shipwrecked on S?o Tomé about 1540. The Angolares remained apart in the isolated southern zone of S?o Tomé island until…

  • Fors Clavigera (work by Ruskin)

    John Ruskin: Cultural criticism: …the following year he launched Fors Clavigera, a one-man monthly magazine in which, from 1871 to 1878 and 1880 to 1884 he developed his idiosyncratic cultural theories. Like his successive series of Oxford lectures (1870–79 and 1883–84), Fors is an unpredictable mixture of striking insights, powerful rhetoric, self-indulgence, bigotry, and…

  • Fors Fortuna (Roman goddess)

    Fortuna, in Roman religion, goddess of chance or lot who became identified with the Greek Tyche; the original Italian deity was probably regarded as the bearer of prosperity and increase. As such she resembles a fertility deity, hence her association with the bounty of the soil and the

  • Forsaken Merman, The (poem by Arnold)

    The Forsaken Merman, poem by Matthew Arnold, published in 1849 in The Strayed Reveller, and Other Poems, the author’s first verse collection. The merman of the poem grieves for his human wife, who, after hearing the church bells at Easter, has abandoned him and their children to live on land among

  • Forschungen zur Religion und Literatur des Alten Testaments und des Neuen Testaments (work by Gunkel and Bousset)

    Hermann Gunkel: …Bousset he founded the series Forschungen zur Religion und Literatur des Alten Testaments und des Neuen Testaments (1903– ; “Research into the Religion and Literature of the Old and New Testaments”).

  • Forsey, Keith (British composer, drummer, songwriter, and record producer)
  • Forsman, Georg Zacharias (Finnish politician)

    Sakari Yrj?-Koskinen, historian and politician, author of the first history of Finland in Finnish. Later he guided the Old Finn Party in its policy of compliance with Russia’s unconstitutional Russification program in Finland. Forsman—later, when he was made a baron, named Yrj?-Koskinen—was a

  • Forssmann, Werner (German physician)

    Werner Forssmann, German surgeon who shared with André F. Cournand and Dickinson W. Richards the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine in 1956. A pioneer in heart research, Forssmann contributed to the development of cardiac catheterization, a procedure in which a tube is inserted into a vein at

  • Forster (New South Wales, Australia)

    Forster, town, eastern New South Wales, Australia. It is situated on Cape Hawke south of the entrance to Lake Wallis, a 30-square-mile (80-square-km) coastal lagoon. Forster was founded in 1862 and named for William Forster, secretary for lands (1868–70), and was proclaimed a town in 1961. It is

  • Forster, Arianna (German-born British singer)

    Ari Up, (Arianna Forster), German-born British singer (born Jan. 17, 1962, Munich, Ger.—died Oct. 20, 2010, Los Angeles, Calif.), founded the influential punk band the Slits when she was just 14 years old. The daughter of a music promoter, Ari Up spent much of her early life surrounded by some of

  • Forster, Buckshot (British statesman)

    William Edward Forster, British statesman noted for his Education Act of 1870, which established in Great Britain the elements of a primary school system, and for his term (1880–82) as chief secretary for Ireland, where his repression of the radical Land League won him the nickname “Buckshot

  • Forster, E. M. (British writer)

    E.M. Forster, British novelist, essayist, and social and literary critic. His fame rests largely on his novels Howards End (1910) and A Passage to India (1924) and on a large body of criticism. Forster’s father, an architect, died when the son was a baby, and he was brought up by his mother and

  • Forster, Edward Morgan (British writer)

    E.M. Forster, British novelist, essayist, and social and literary critic. His fame rests largely on his novels Howards End (1910) and A Passage to India (1924) and on a large body of criticism. Forster’s father, an architect, died when the son was a baby, and he was brought up by his mother and

  • Forster, Georg (German explorer and scientist)

    Georg Forster, explorer and scientist who helped to establish the literary travel book as a favoured genre in German literature. With his father, Johann Reinhold Forster, he emigrated to England in 1766. Both were invited to accompany Capt. James Cook on his second voyage around the world

  • Forster, Johann Georg Adam (German explorer and scientist)

    Georg Forster, explorer and scientist who helped to establish the literary travel book as a favoured genre in German literature. With his father, Johann Reinhold Forster, he emigrated to England in 1766. Both were invited to accompany Capt. James Cook on his second voyage around the world

  • Forster, Johann Reinhold (German explorer)

    Georg Forster: Johann Reinhold Forster, he emigrated to England in 1766. Both were invited to accompany Capt. James Cook on his second voyage around the world (1772–75). Georg Forster’s account of the journey, A Voyage Towards the South Pole and Round the World (1777), was based on…

  • Forster, John (British writer)

    John Forster, writer and journalist, a notable figure in mid-19th-century literary London who, through his friendship with the influential editor Leigh Hunt, became adviser, agent, and proofreader to many leading writers of the day. A close friend and adviser of Charles Dickens, he wrote The Life

  • F?rster, Josef Bohuslav (Czech composer)

    Josef Bohuslav F?rster, Czech composer belonging to the school of Leo? Janác?ek and Josef Suk. The son of the organ composer Josef F?rster, he studied at the Prague Conservatory and was organist at several Prague churches and music critic of Národní Listy. From 1893 to 1903 he lived at Hamburg,

  • Forster, Margaret (British author)

    Margaret Forster, British novelist and biographer whose books are known for their detailed characterizations. Forster studied at Somerville College, Oxford (B.A., 1960). Her novels generally feature ordinary heroines struggling with issues of love and family. Her first novel, Dames’ Delight, was

  • Forster, Robert (American actor)

    Medium Cool: …cameraman John Cassellis (played by Robert Forster) as he shoots hard-to-get footage of disasters, accidents, and other unseemly incidents that his network demands. Cassellis faces a moral dilemma when he learns his bosses are providing footage to the Federal Bureau of Investigation to track down dissidents. Initially detached from the…

  • Forster, Thomas (English Jacobite)

    Thomas Forster, English Jacobite and leader of the 1715 uprising in Scotland and northern England. Forster was a member of Parliament from 1708 to 1716, but his Jacobite proclivities became known, and in 1715 he was ordered under arrest by the House of Commons. He fled before this could be done,

  • Forster, William Edward (British statesman)

    William Edward Forster, British statesman noted for his Education Act of 1870, which established in Great Britain the elements of a primary school system, and for his term (1880–82) as chief secretary for Ireland, where his repression of the radical Land League won him the nickname “Buckshot

  • F?rster-Nietzsche, Elisabeth (German editor)

    Elisabeth F?rster-Nietzsche, sister of the German philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche, who became his guardian and literary executor. An early believer in the superiority of the Teutonic races, she married an anti-Semitic agitator, Bernhard F?rster. In the 1880s they went to Paraguay and founded Nueva

  • forsterite (mineral)

    igneous rock: Chemical components: …by making a magnesium-olivine (forsterite; Mg2SiO4), along with the pyroxene, since the olivine requires only one-half as much silica for every mole of magnesium oxide. On the other hand, a silicic magma may have excess silica such that some will be left after all the silicate minerals were formed…

  • forsterite-fayalite series (mineralogy)

    Forsterite-fayalite series, the most important minerals in the olivine family and possibly the most important constituents of the Earth’s mantle. Included in the series are the following varieties: forsterite magnesium silicate (Mg2SiO4) and fayalite iron silicate (Fe2SiO4). Compositions

  • Forsyte family (fictional characters)

    Forsyte family, fictional upper-middle-class English family created by John Galsworthy in his novel sequence The Forsyte Saga and further treated in A Modern Comedy (1929), a trilogy set in the post-World War I era and consisting of The White Monkey (1924), The Silver Spoon (1926), and Swan Song

  • Forsyte Saga, The (British television program)

    Television in the United States: Educational TV: …PBS were British imports, including The Forsyte Saga (PBS, 1969–70), a 26-part adaptation of the John Galsworthy novels about a wealthy English family in the years 1879 through 1926, and Masterpiece Theatre (PBS, from 1971), an anthology of British programming from the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) and other producers. Perhaps…

  • Forsyte Saga, The (work by Galsworthy)

    The Forsyte Saga, sequence of three novels linked by two interludes by John Galsworthy. The saga chronicles the lives of three generations of a moneyed middle-class English family at the turn of the century. As published in 1922, The Forsyte Saga consisted of the novel The Man of Property (1906),

  • Forsyth, Alexander John (British inventor)

    Alexander John Forsyth, Scottish Presbyterian minister and inventor who between 1805 and 1807 produced a percussion lock for firearms that would explode a priming compound with a sharp blow, thereby avoiding the priming powder and free, exposed sparks of the flintlock system. The son of a minister,

  • Forsyth, Andrew Russell (British mathematician)

    Andrew Russell Forsyth, British mathematician, best known for his mathematical textbooks. In 1877 Forsyth entered Trinity College, Cambridge, where he studied mathematics under Arthur Cayley. Forsyth graduated in 1881 as first wrangler (first place in the annual Mathematical Tripos contest) and was

  • Forsyth, Bill (Scottish director)

    Scotland: The arts: Director Bill Forsyth first gained international acclaim in the 1980s, and his 1983 film Local Hero prompted a wave of tourism to the western islands. Scottish filmmaking also enjoyed a renaissance after the success of Braveheart (1995), an American production that chronicles Scottish battles with the…

  • Forsyth, Frederick (British author)

    Frederick Forsyth, British author of best-selling thriller novels noted for their journalistic style and their fast-paced plots based on international political affairs and personalities. Forsyth attended the University of Granada, Spain, and served in the Royal Air Force before becoming a

  • Forsyth, James W. (United States general)

    Wounded Knee Massacre: Massacre: James W. Forsyth, reached the Miniconjou camp near Wounded Knee Creek, located roughly 20 miles northeast of the Pine Ridge Agency. The late Gen. George Armstrong Custer had led the 7th Cavalry to its demise at the Little Bighorn less than 15 years earlier. Big…

  • Forsyth, Peter Taylor (British minister)

    Peter Taylor Forsyth, Scottish Congregational minister whose numerous and influential writings anticipated the ideas of the Swiss Protestant theologian Karl Barth. The son of a postman, Forsyth studied at the University of Aberdeen and at G?ttingen, where he was deeply influenced by the German

  • Forsythe Company (German dance company)

    William Forsythe: Forsythe’s new company, the Forsythe Company, was about half the size of the Frankfurt Ballet, but nearly all of its dancers were from that company. Forsythe continued to present his vision to a wide audience. With bases in Frankfurt and Dresden and supported by both state and private funding,…

  • Forsythe, John (American actor)

    John Forsythe, (John Lincoln Freund), American actor (born Jan. 29, 1918, Penns Grove, N.J.—died April 1, 2010, Santa Ynez, Calif. ), possessed good looks and a sensuous voice that contributed to his fame on three television series: Bachelor Father (1957–62), as the guardian to his teenage niece;

  • Forsythe, William (American choreographer)

    William Forsythe, American choreographer who staged audaciously groundbreaking contemporary dance performances during his long association with the Frankfurt Ballet and later with his own troupe, the Forsythe Company. His body of work, which displayed both abstraction and forceful theatricality,

  • forsythia (plant)

    Forsythia, any member of a genus (Forsythia) of plants in the olive family (Oleaceae), containing seven species of ornamental shrubs native to eastern Europe and East Asia. In some species the yellow flowers borne along the stems appear before the leaves in early spring. The narrow leaves

  • Forsythia (plant)

    Forsythia, any member of a genus (Forsythia) of plants in the olive family (Oleaceae), containing seven species of ornamental shrubs native to eastern Europe and East Asia. In some species the yellow flowers borne along the stems appear before the leaves in early spring. The narrow leaves

  • Forsythia intermedia (plant)

    forsythia: Common forsythia (F. intermedia), a hybrid between green-stem forsythia and weeping forsythia, has arching stems to 6 m and bright yellow flowers. There also are variegated, dwarf, and many-flowered varieties.

  • Forsythia suspensa (plant)

    forsythia: Weeping forsythia (F. suspensa), also from China, has hollow, pendulous stems about 3 m long and golden-yellow flowers. Common forsythia (F. intermedia), a hybrid between green-stem forsythia and weeping forsythia, has arching stems to 6 m and bright yellow flowers. There also are variegated, dwarf,…

  • Forsythia viridissima (plant)

    forsythia: Green-stem forsythia (F. viridissima), native to China, may grow to 3 m (10 feet); it bears greenish yellow flowers. Weeping forsythia (F. suspensa), also from China, has hollow, pendulous stems about 3 m long and golden-yellow flowers. Common forsythia (F. intermedia), a hybrid between green-stem…

  • Fort (district, Colombo, Sri Lanka)

    Colombo: …Lake, are known as the Fort and the Pettah (a name deriving from the Tamil word pettai, meaning “the town outside the fort”). The Fort is still a focal point of government and commercial activity, although less so than in the past. The Pettah has become a district of small…

  • Fort Ancient (people)

    West Virginia: History: …Adena were absorbed by the Fort Ancient people, who dominated the territory until they were wiped out by the Iroquois Confederacy about 1650. Except for scattered villages the area that was to become West Virginia remained Native American hunting grounds and battlegrounds when Europeans arrived in the 1700s.

  • Fort Apache (film by Ford [1948])

    Fort Apache, American western film, released in 1948, that was the first, and widely considered the best, of director John Ford’s “cavalry trilogy.” Inspired by the Battle of the Little Bighorn (1876), the film was unique for its time in portraying Native Americans sympathetically as victims of the

  • Fort Apache Band (American musical group)

    Latin jazz: In the 1980s the Fort Apache Band from New York City, led by percussionist and trumpeter Jerry González and his brother, bassist Andy González, offered listeners a return to Latin-bebop fusions with Latin jazz versions of the music of jazz pianist and composer Thelonious Monk. Toward the end of…

  • Fort Apache, the Bronx (film by Petrie [1981])

    Paul Newman: Later roles: …the best sports films; and Fort Apache, the Bronx (1981), in which he starred as a policeman who refuses to cover up a murder. In Sydney Pollack’s Absence of Malice (1981), Newman gave an Oscar-nominated performance as a businessman whom a reporter (played by Sally Field) wrongly implicates in a…

  • Fort Bayard (China)

    Zhanjiang, city and major port, southwestern Guangdong sheng (province), China. It is located on Zhanjiang Bay on the eastern side of the Leizhou Peninsula, where it is protected by Naozhou and Donghai islands. Originally Zhanjiang was a minor fishing port in the area dominated by the city of

  • Fort Benton (Montana, United States)

    Fort Benton, city, seat (1865) of Chouteau county, north-central Montana, U.S., on the Missouri River. A well-known American Fur Company outpost, it was founded (1846) as Fort Lewis by Major Alexander Culbertson and was renamed in 1850 for Senator Thomas Hart Benton of Missouri. As the head of

  • Fort Berthold Reservation (Native American reservation, North Dakota, United States)

    Arikara: …was created for them at Fort Berthold, North Dakota. By 1885 the Arikara had taken up farming and livestock production on family farmsteads dispersed along the rich Missouri River bottomlands.

  • Fort Camosun (British Columbia, Canada)

    Victoria, city, capital of British Columbia, Canada, located on the southern tip of Vancouver Island between the Juan de Fuca and Haro straits, approximately 60 miles (100 km) south-southwest of the province’s largest city, Vancouver. Victoria is the largest urban area on the island. It has the

  • Fort Caroline National Memorial (monument, Jacksonville, Florida, United States)

    Jacksonville: Fort Caroline National Memorial marks the site of Florida’s first European (French Huguenot) settlement (1564), which was destroyed by Spanish conquistador Pedro Menéndez de Avilés in 1565. The locality was originally known as Wacca Pilatka (derived from a Timucua term meaning “cows’ crossing”), which was…

  • Fort Christina (Delaware, United States)

    Wilmington, largest city in Delaware, U.S., and seat of New Castle county at the influx of the Christina River and Brandywine Creek into the Delaware River. It is the state’s industrial, financial, and commercial centre and main port. The oldest permanent European settlement in the Delaware River

  • Fort Clark (Illinois, United States)

    Peoria, city, seat (1825) of Peoria county, central Illinois, U.S. Peoria lies along the Illinois River where it widens to form Peoria Lake, about 160 miles (260 km) southwest of Chicago. With Peoria Heights, West Peoria, Bartonville, Bellevue, East Peoria, Creve Coeur, Marquette Heights, North

  • Fort Clarke (Iowa, United States)

    Fort Dodge, city, seat (1856) of Webster county, north-central Iowa, U.S. It is situated on both sides of the Des Moines River at its juncture with Lizard Creek, about 90 miles (145 km) northwest of Des Moines. It originated around Fort Clarke, which was established in 1850 to protect settlers from

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