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  • Iloilo, Ratu Josefa (president of Fiji)

    Josefa Iloilo, (Ratu Josefa Iloilovatu Uluivuda), Fijian politician (born Dec. 29, 1920, Viseisei, Vuda district, British Fiji—died Feb. 6, 2011, Suva, Fiji), served (2000–09) as president of Fiji during a period of social and political upheaval in that country. Iloilo was respected for his

  • Ilois (people)

    British Indian Ocean Territory: History: …and 1973, Britain removed the Ilois, or Chagossians—inhabitants of the Chagos Archipelago, descended from African slaves and Indian plantation workers. They were given the choice of resettlement in either Seychelles or Mauritius, which became independent in 1968; the majority chose the latter. A small number of Ilois went to the…

  • Ilokan (people)

    Ilocano, third largest ethnolinguistic group in the Philippines. When discovered by the Spanish in the 16th century, they occupied the narrow coastal plain of northwestern Luzon, known as the Ilocos region. The growth of their population later led to much migration to neighbouring provinces, to the

  • Ilokano (people)

    Ilocano, third largest ethnolinguistic group in the Philippines. When discovered by the Spanish in the 16th century, they occupied the narrow coastal plain of northwestern Luzon, known as the Ilocos region. The growth of their population later led to much migration to neighbouring provinces, to the

  • Ilokano language

    Austronesian languages: Major languages: languages include Cebuano, Tagalog, Ilocano, Hiligaynon, Bicol, Waray-Waray, Kapampangan, and Pangasinan of the Philippines; Malay, Javanese, Sundanese, Madurese, Minangkabau, the Batak languages, Acehnese,

  • Iloko (people)

    Ilocano, third largest ethnolinguistic group in the Philippines. When discovered by the Spanish in the 16th century, they occupied the narrow coastal plain of northwestern Luzon, known as the Ilocos region. The growth of their population later led to much migration to neighbouring provinces, to the

  • Ilongo (people)

    Hiligaynon, fourth largest ethnolinguistic group of the Philippines, living on Panay, western Negros, southern Mindoro, Tablas, Romblon, Sibuyan, Guimaras, and northwestern Masbate. Numbering about 6,540,000 in the late 20th century, they speak a Visayan (Bisayan) language of the Austronesian

  • Ilongo language

    Austronesian languages: Major languages: Tagalog, Ilocano, Hiligaynon, Bicol, Waray-Waray, Kapampangan, and Pangasinan of the Philippines; Malay, Javanese, Sundanese, Madurese, Minangkabau, the Batak languages, Acehnese, Balinese, and

  • Ilopango Volcano (island, El Salvador)

    Lake Ilopango: The island, known as Ilopango Volcano, is 150 ft high and 500 ft across. In 1928 the water again rose, destroying houses along the shoreline. The lake has since become a popular tourist resort, with activity centred on the towns of Asino and Ilopango on the western shore.

  • Ilopango, Lake (lake, El Salvador)

    Lake Ilopango, lake, south central El Salvador, on the borders of San Salvador, La Paz, and Cuscatlán departments. Occupying the crater of an extinct volcano, at an altitude of 1,450 ft (442 m), it has an area of 40 sq mi (100 sq km). In 1880 the water level rose, a natural channel (Río Jiboa) was

  • Ilorin (Nigeria)

    Ilorin, city, traditional emirate, and capital of Kwara state, western Nigeria. It is located on the Awun River, a minor tributary of the Niger. Founded in the late 18th century by Yoruba people, it became the capital of a kingdom that was a vassal state of the Oyo empire. Oyo’s commander at

  • Ilorin, University of (university, Ilorin, Nigeria)

    Ilorin: …is the site of the University of Ilorin and Kwara State Polytechnic. The Federal Agricultural and Rural Management Training Institute, which operates a research farm, is located near the city. Teacher-training colleges and a vocational trade school also serve Ilorin. Health services include a number of government, private, and religious…

  • Ilos (Greek mythology)

    Ilos, in Greek mythology, the founder of Ilion (Troy). Ilos (or Zacynthus, a Cretan name) has been identified either as the brother of Erichthonius or as the son of Tros and grandson of Erichthonius. According to legend, the king of Phrygia gave Ilos 50 young men, 50 girls, and a spotted cow as a

  • ILP (political party, United Kingdom)

    James Maxton: …to gain support for the Independent Labour Party (ILP). After a year’s imprisonment in 1916 for a strong antiwar speech, Maxton became a paid organizer for the ILP and in 1922 was elected to Parliament as a representative of the Bridgeton division of Glasgow, a position he held until his…

  • ILP (computing)

    computer: Central processing unit: …are two major kinds of instruction-level parallelism (ILP) in the CPU, both first used in early supercomputers. One is the pipeline, which allows the fetch-decode-execute cycle to have several instructions under way at once. While one instruction is being executed, another can obtain its operands, a third can be decoded,…

  • ILS (aviation)

    Instrument landing system (ILS), electronic guidance system designed to help airline pilots align their planes with the centre of a landing strip during final approach under conditions of poor visibility. The ground equipment of the ILS consists of two directional transmitters that send out radio

  • Ils posséderont la terre (novel by Charbonneau)

    Robert Charbonneau: …most noted being his first, Ils posséderont la terre (1941; “They Shall Possess the Earth”), a psychological analysis of two friends, one working-class and one bourgeois, who become rivals in love. He also published a collection of poems, Petits Poèmes retrouvés (1945; “Little Recovered Poems”). A number of his critical…

  • iltizām (Arabic literary movement)

    Arabic literature: The 20th century and beyond: …a literature of “commitment” (iltizām) became a constant of Arabic literary criticism; Al-ādāb, one of the most prominent literary journals founded in the Arabic-speaking region in the latter half of the 20th century, was established by the Lebanese writer Suhayl Idrīs specifically to forward such an approach. Beginning in…

  • iltizām (tax system)

    Iltizām, in the Ottoman Empire, taxation system carried out by farming of public revenue. The state auctioned taxation rights to the highest bidder (mültazim, plural mültezim or mültazims), who then collected the state taxes and made payments in fixed installments, keeping a part of the tax

  • Iltovirus (virus genus)

    herpesvirus: …chickens and turkey herpesvirus; and Iltovirus, which contains gallid herpesvirus 1. The alphaherpesviruses are distinguished from viruses of the other subfamilies by their fast rate of replication.

  • Iltutmish (Delhi sultan)

    Iltutmish, third and greatest Delhi sultan of the so-called Slave dynasty. Iltutmish was sold into slavery but married the daughter of his master, Qu?b al-Dīn Aibak, whom he succeeded in 1211. He strengthened and expanded the Muslim empire in northern India and moved the capital to Delhi, where he

  • Ilulissat (Greenland)

    Ilulissat, town on the west coast of Greenland, near the mouth of Jakobshavn Fjord on Qeqertarsuup (Disko) Bay. The Greenlandic name of the town means “icebergs.” The town’s first permanent houses were built by Danes in 1741 on the site of a Greenlandic (Eskimo) settlement. It was named in honour

  • Ilumquh (Arabian deity)

    Arabian religion: South Arabia: …Saba? the national god was Almaqah (or Ilmuqah), a protector of artificial irrigation, lord of the temple of the Sabaean federation of tribes, near the capital Ma?rib. Until recently Almaqah was considered to be a moon god, under the influence of a now generally rejected conception of a South Arabian…

  • Ilundo: divindades e ritos angolanos (work by Ribas)

    óscar Ribas: …of Mbundu culture and religion, Ilundo: divindades e ritos angolanos (1958; “Ilundo: Angolan Divinations and Rites”), appeared after 18 years of research. It was followed by Missosso: literatura tradicional angolana, 3 vol. (1961–64; “Missosso: Traditional Angolan Literature”), a linguistic work containing a vernacular dictionary and Portuguese versions of Angolan tales…

  • Ilunga Mbidi Kiluwe (Luba mythological figure)

    Luba: …Mwamba, the red king, and Ilunga Mbidi Kiluwe, a prince of legendary black complexion. The differences between the two are profound: Nkongolo Mwamba is the drunken and cruel despot, Ilunga Mbidi Kiluwe, the refined and gentle prince. Nkongolo the red is a man without manners, a man who eats in…

  • Ilunum (city, Spain)

    Hellín, city, Albacete provincia (province), in the comunidad autónoma (autonomous community) of Castile–La Mancha, southeastern Spain. The city’s Spanish name derives from Ilunum, the name given to the city by the ancient Romans. Served by a hydroelectric plant on the Mundo River, Hellín’s

  • Ilurco (Spain)

    Lorca, city, Murcia provincia (province) and comunidad autónoma (autonomous community), southeastern Spain. It is situated along the Guadalentín River in a semiarid and steppelike area that is surrounded by rugged mountains. The city, which sits on both banks of the river, was the Ilurco (Ilukro)

  • Ilurgia (Spain)

    Andújar, city, Jaén provincia (province), in the comunidad autónoma (autonomous community) of Andalusia, southern Spain, northwest of Jaén city, on the Guadalquivir River. Called Isturgi, or Ilurgia, by the Celto-Iberians, it was besieged and captured by the Roman general Scipio Africanus the Elder

  • Iluro (Spain)

    Mataró, port city, Barcelona provincia (province), in the comunidad autónoma (autonomous community) of Catalonia, northeastern Spain, on the Mediterranean coast. The city originated as the Roman Iluro and is divided into an older, Moorish sector on a rise surrounded by walls and a modern sector.

  • Ilushuma (ruler of Assyria)

    history of Mesopotamia: Early history of Assyria: …yet been established just when Ilushuma’s excursion toward the southeast, recorded in an inscription, actually took place. Ilushuma boasts of having freed of taxes the “Akkadians and their children.” While he mentions the cities of Nippur and Ur, the other localities listed were situated in the region east of the…

  • Ilva (island, Italy)

    Elba, island off the west coast of Italy, in the Tyrrhenian Sea. Elba has an area of 86 square miles (223 square km) and is the largest island of the Tuscan Archipelago. It is famous as Napoleon’s place of exile in 1814–15. Administratively Elba is part of Tuscany regione, Italy. Its coast is

  • Ilves, Toomas Hendrik (president of Estonia)

    Toomas Hendrik Ilves , politician who served as president of Estonia (2006–16). Ilves was born to Estonian refugees and raised in the United States. He completed a B.A. in psychology at New York City’s Columbia University in 1976. Two years later he graduated from the University of Pennsylvania

  • ILWU (labour union)

    Hawaii: Services, labour, and taxation: The International Longshore and Warehouse Union (ILWU), the state’s largest private-sector union, has an important and turbulent history. In 1949 its members held a six-month dock strike against the five shipping companies that controlled most of Hawaii’s economic activity (mainly the sugar and pineapple plantations). All…

  • Ilya Muromets (symphony by Glière)

    Ilya Of Murom: …was the basis of the Symphony No. 3 (1909–11; Ilya Muromets) by Reinhold Glière.

  • Ilya Muromets (Russian aircraft)

    military aircraft: Bombers: Even larger were the Russian Ilya Muromets bombers of the tsar’s Squadron of Flying Ships. Designed by Igor Sikorsky, now remembered mainly as a helicopter pioneer, these biplanes spanned about 30 metres (100 feet) and were descended from his “Russky Vityaz” of May 1913, the world’s first successful four-engined airplane.…

  • Ilya of Murom (Russian literary hero)

    Ilya Of Murom, a hero of the oldest known Old Russian byliny, traditional heroic folk chants. He is presented as the principal bogatyr (knight-errant) at the 10th-century court of Saint Vladimir I of Kiev, although with characteristic epic vagueness he often participates in historical events of t

  • Ilyushin Il-12 (Soviet aircraft)

    history of flight: Postwar airlines: …were eventually succeeded by the Ilyushin Il-12, a trim unpressurized twin-engine transport that also featured retractable tricycle landing gear. A larger model, the Il-14, went into operation during the 1950s. Considered slow and technologically unsophisticated by modern standards, these planes played an ideological role in the Cold War by parrying…

  • Ilyushin Il-14 (Soviet aircraft)

    history of flight: Postwar airlines: A larger model, the Il-14, went into operation during the 1950s. Considered slow and technologically unsophisticated by modern standards, these planes played an ideological role in the Cold War by parrying Western imports. Production took place in communist-bloc countries; the Il-12 and Il-14 series numbered into the thousands, serving…

  • Ilyushin Il-2 (Soviet aircraft)

    Ilyushin Il-2, single-seat assault bomber that was a mainstay of the Soviet air force during World War II. The Il-2 is generally considered the finest ground-attack aircraft produced by any nation during World War II. It was designed by Sergey Ilyushin beginning in 1938 and went into production in

  • Ilyushin Il-76 (Soviet aircraft)

    Ilyushin Il-76, -76, Soviet military transport aircraft, first flown in 1971 and first produced in 1975. It was designed by the Ilyushin design bureau under G.V. Novozhilov. The Il-76 was a heavy transport plane, capable of handling a payload of more than 88,000 pounds (40,000 kilograms). It was

  • Ilyushin, Sergey Vladimirovich (Soviet aircraft designer)

    Sergey Vladimirovich Ilyushin, Soviet aircraft designer who created the famous Il-2 Stormovik armoured attack aircraft used by the Soviet air force during World War II. After the war he designed civil aircraft: the Il-12 twin-engined passenger aircraft (1946), the Il-18 Moskva four-engined

  • IM (communication)

    Instant messaging (IM), form of text-based communication in which two persons participate in a single conversation over their computers or mobile devices within an Internet-based chatroom. IM differs from “Chat,” in which the user participates in a more public real-time conversation within a

  • IM (computing)

    computer science: Information management: Information management (IM) is primarily concerned with the capture, digitization, representation, organization, transformation, and presentation of information. Because a computer’s main memory provides only temporary storage, computers are equipped with auxiliary disk storage devices that permanently store data. These devices are characterized by…

  • IM channel (biology)

    nervous system: Potassium channels: The IM channel is opened by depolarization but is deactivated only by the neurotransmitter acetylcholine. This property may serve to regulate the sensitivity of neurons to synaptic input.

  • Im Goldland des Altertums (work by Peters)

    Carl Peters: …Im Goldland des Altertums (1902; The Eldorado of the Ancients). He also published Die deutsche Emin-Pascha Expedition (1891; New Light on Dark Africa), among other works.

  • Im Krebsgang (novella by Grass)

    Wilhelm Gustloff: …the novella Im Krebsgang (2002; Crabwalk) by Günter Grass.

  • Im Kwon-Taek (South Korean director)

    Im Kwon-Taek, South Korean film director, dubbed “the father of Korean cinema” because of his long prolific career and his emphasis on Korean subjects and themes. Im dropped out of middle school after his father’s death. He eventually found work as a production assistant for a film company in

  • Im Lauf der Zeit (film by Wenders)

    Wim Wenders: title Kings of the Road), a “buddy” picture pairing a depressed man with a movie-projector repairman who can barely communicate as they travel across Germany together. Der amerikanische Freund (1977; The American Friend), based on Patricia Highsmith’s Ripley’s Game, explores the concept of dislocation, or separation.…

  • Im Westen nichts Neues (novel by Remarque)

    All Quiet on the Western Front, novel by German writer Erich Maria Remarque, published in 1929 as Im Westen nichts Neues and in the United States as All Quiet on the Western Front. An antiwar novel set during World War I, it relies on Remarque’s personal experience in the war to depict the era’s

  • IMA (building, Paris, France)

    Jean Nouvel: …audience in 1987 when the Institute of the Arab World (Institut du Monde Arabe [IMA]) was completed. The main, south facade of that building, with its high-tech aperture-like panels, manages to be at once cutting-edge in its creative response to changing levels of light and evocative of traditional Arab moucharaby…

  • Imabari (Japan)

    Imabari, city, northern Ehime ken (prefecture), northwestern Shikoku, Japan. It occupies the tip of the Takanawa Peninsula, facing the Kurushima Strait on the Inland Sea. Imabari, founded as a castle town, was the first port in Shikoku to be opened to foreign trade. In 1922 a rail line between

  • iMac (computer)

    Jonathan Ive: …Ive’s design for the 1998 iMac, for example, stunned consumers and critics alike with its translucent candy colours and a seductively rounded exterior over a functional core that was itself a product of high design. The design also called for reshaping the processor to fit within the machine’s colourful shell…

  • ?Imād ad-Dawlah (Būyid ruler)

    ?Imād ad-Dawlah, one of the founders of the Būyid dynasty of Iran. ?Alī and his brothers A?mad and ?asan were followers of Mardāvīz ebn Zeyār of northern Iran. In 934 ?Alī revolted against local Zeyārid rulers and conquered Fārs province in southern Iran. He made Shīrāz his capital, ruling there

  • ?Imād ad-Dīn Zangī ibn Aq Sonqur (Iraqi ruler)

    Zangī, Iraqi ruler who founded the Zangid dynasty and led the first important counterattacks against the Crusader kingdoms in the Middle East. When Zangī’s father, the governor of Aleppo, was killed in 1094, Zangī fled to Mosul. He served the Seljuq dynasty, and in 1126 the Seljuq sultan, Ma?mūd

  • ?Imād al-Dīn Ismā?īl ibn ?Umar ibn Kathīr (Muslim scholar)

    Ibn Kathīr, Muslim theologian and historian who became one of the leading intellectual figures of 14th-century Syria. Ibn Kathīr was educated in Damascus and upon completion of his studies obtained his first official appointment in 1341, when he joined an inquisitorial commission formed to

  • ?Imād-ul-Mulk (Mughal vizier)

    ?ālamgīr II: …throne by the imperial vizier ?Imād al-Mulk Ghāzī al-Dīn, who had deposed his predecessor. Provoked by the vizier’s attempt to reassert control over the Punjab, the Afghan ruler A?mad Shah Durrānī had his agents occupy Delhi in January 1757, which was at the time “absolutely without a single defender or…

  • Imagawa family (Japanese family)

    Japan: The establishment of the system: …earlier been sent to the Imagawa family as a hostage to cement an alliance but had been captured en route by the Oda family. After his father’s death Ieyasu was sent to the Imagawa family and spent 12 years there under detention. When, in 1560, Oda Nobunaga destroyed the Imagawa…

  • image (optics)

    Optical image, the apparent reproduction of an object, formed by a lens or mirror system from reflected, refracted, or diffracted light waves. There are two kinds of images, real and virtual. In a real image the light rays actually are brought to a focus at the image position, and the real image

  • image (psychology)

    human behaviour: Cognitive development: …early cognitive unit is the image; this is a mental picture, or the reconstruction of a schema, that preserves the spatial and temporal detail of the event.

  • Image Book, The (film by Godard [2018])

    Jean-Luc Godard: Later work and awards: Le Livre d’image (2018; The Image Book) is a cinematic essay, featuring a montage of film clips, photographs, and wartime footage, with Godard providing commentary.

  • image controller (computer science)

    information processing: Recording techniques: …by a device called an image controller and is stored on a magnetic or optical medium. A large storage capacity is required, because it takes about 45,000 bytes to store a typical compressed text page of 2,500 characters and as much as 1,000,000 bytes to store a page containing an…

  • Image du monde, L’? (encyclopaedia by Gautier de Metz)

    Gautier de Metz: …a treatise about the universe, L’Image du monde (c. 1246; “The Mirror of the World”; also called Mappemonde), based on the medieval Latin text Imago mundi by Honorius Inclusus.

  • image intensifier (electronic device)

    warning system: The visible region: Newer in character are the image intensifiers used for nighttime detection. These devices receive the moonlight or starlight reflected from targets on a sensitive screen, amplify the image electronically, and present it at much higher light level on a small cathode-ray tube similar to that used in a television receiver.…

  • Image of a Society (work by Fuller)

    Roy Fuller: Fuller wrote several novels, including Image of a Society (1956), which portrays the personal and professional conflicts within a building society (savings and loan association); The Ruined Boys (1959); and My Child, My Sister (1965). He also wrote crime thrillers and juvenile fiction, and his memoirs were published in four…

  • Image of the World (work by Ailly)

    Pierre d'Ailly: D’Ailly’s treatise Image of the World, which supported the idea that the East Indies could be reached by sailing west, was studied and annotated by Christopher Columbus before he made his epochal voyages.

  • image orthicon (electronics)

    television: Electron tubes: …such as the Orthicon, the Image Orthicon, and the Vidicon. The operation of the camera tube is based on the photoconductive properties of certain materials and on electron beam scanning. These principles can be illustrated by a description of the Vidicon, one of the most enduring and versatile camera tubes.…

  • image processing (computer science)

    Image processing, Set of computational techniques for analyzing, enhancing, compressing, and reconstructing images. Its main components are importing, in which an image is captured through scanning or digital photography; analysis and manipulation of the image, accomplished using various

  • image scanner (technology)

    Optical scanner, Computer input device that uses a light beam to scan codes, text, or graphic images directly into a computer or computer system. Bar-code scanners are used widely at point-of-sale terminals in retail stores. A handheld scanner or bar-code pen is moved across the code, or the code

  • image slicer (physics)

    I.S. Bowen: In 1938 Bowen invented the image slicer, a device that improves the efficiency of the slit spectrograph, which is used to break up light into its component colours for study. Bowen retired as observatory director in 1964, becoming a distinguished-service staff member.

  • Image Theatre (theatrical form)

    Augusto Boal: In Image Theatre, performers form tableaux representing an oppressive situation, and spectators are invited to interpret and suggest changes to the tableaux. Invisible Theatre involves actors performing a written and rehearsed problematic situation in a public place in order to provoke responses from passersby, who are…

  • Image: A Guide to Pseudo-Events in America, The (work by Boorstin)

    Daniel J. Boorstin: Boorstin’s other notable works include The Image: A Guide to Pseudo-Events in America (1961), in which he argued that many events are staged for publicity purposes and have little real value; the book was inspired by the televised U.S. presidential debates between John F. Kennedy and Richard Nixon in 1960.…

  • Imagerie d’épinal

    comic strip: The 19th century: Imagerie d’épinal, based in épinal and other French towns, developed a distinct form of comic strip. Throughout the 19th century the common people and particularly children in rural areas of France, the Netherlands, and Germany had subsisted on Imagerie d’épinal, single cheap broadsheets hawked about…

  • imagery (art)

    intelligence: Imagery: This is information gleaned from analyzing all types of imagery, including photography as well as infrared and ultraviolet imagery. The examination of imagery, called imagery interpretation, is the process of locating, recognizing, identifying, and describing objects, activities, and terrain that appear on imagery.

  • imagery intelligence (espionage)

    intelligence: Sources of intelligence: …fall into three major categories: imagery intelligence, which includes aerial and space reconnaissance; signals intelligence, which includes electronic eavesdropping and code breaking; and human intelligence, which involves the secret agent working at the classic spy trade. Broadly speaking, the relative value of these sources is reflected in the order in…

  • imagery interpretation

    intelligence: Imagery: The examination of imagery, called imagery interpretation, is the process of locating, recognizing, identifying, and describing objects, activities, and terrain that appear on imagery.

  • Images (film by Altman [1972])

    Robert Altman: M*A*S*H and the 1970s: Altman next made the ambitious Images (1972), which starred Susannah York as a disturbed woman who has trouble separating fantasy from reality. Although it was carefully constructed and beautifully shot, and it was also likened to the work of Ingmar Bergman by some critics and to that of Joseph Losey…

  • Images à la sauvette (book by Cartier-Bresson)

    Henri Cartier-Bresson: …and perhaps the best known, Images à la sauvette, contains what is probably Cartier-Bresson’s most comprehensive and important statement on the meaning, technique, and utility of photography. The title refers to a central idea in his work—the decisive moment—the elusive instant when, with brilliant clarity, the appearance of the subject…

  • Images de la vie de Saint Fran?ois d’Assise (work by Ghelderode)

    Michel de Ghelderode: …scored an early success with Images de la vie de Saint Fran?ois d’Assise (produced 1927; “Scenes from the Life of St. Francis of Assisi”), in which the life and death of the saint are told with little concern for the reverential attitudes traditionally found in religious plays. Humour, naive realism,…

  • Images of the World and the Inscription of War (film by Farocki)

    Harun Farocki: For his critically acclaimed Bilder der Welt und Inschrift des Krieges (1988; Images of the World and the Inscription of War), he showed blurry aerial images of the Auschwitz concentration and extermination camp that had been taken in 1944 by the Allies. The film then reveals that the photographs…

  • images, breaking of the (Dutch history)

    history of the Low Countries: The Habsburgs: …a violent campaign against churches—the “breaking of the images” (August 1566)—against which the governor took powerful measures, but only in the first few months of 1567 was peace restored. King Philip II, however, whose information concerning these events was somewhat out of date because of slow communications and who was…

  • images, method of (physics)

    principles of physical science: Images: A second example illustrating the value of field theories arises when the distribution of charges is not initially known, as when a charge q is brought close to a piece of metal or other electrical conductor and experiences a force. When an electric field…

  • Imaginaire: Psychologie phénoménologique de l’imagination, L’? (work by Sartre)

    aesthetics: The role of imagination: The Psychology of Imagination) when he describes imagining as “the positing of an object as a nothingness”—as not being. In memory and perception we take our experience “for real.” In imagination we contribute a content that has no reality beyond our disposition to “see” it,…

  • Imaginarium of Doctor Parnassus, The (film by Gilliam [2009])

    Terry Gilliam: …challenge during the shooting of The Imaginarium of Dr. Parnassus (2009) when Ledger, one of the film’s lead actors, died of an accidental drug overdose halfway through production. Gilliam recruited Depp, Jude Law, and Colin Farrell to appear as alternate versions of the character first portrayed by Ledger, to whom…

  • Imaginary Conversations (work by Landor)

    nonfictional prose: Dialogues: …Walter Savage Landor, in his Imaginary Conversations (1824) and Pentameron (1837).

  • Imaginary Invalid, The (play by Molière)

    The Imaginary Invalid, comedy in three acts by Molière, produced in 1673 and published in 1674 as Le Malade imaginaire. It was also translated as The Hypochondriac. Molière wrote the play while ill, and he collapsed during his own performance of the title role, that of Argan, a hypochondriac who

  • Imaginary Life, An (novel by Malouf)

    Australian literature: Literature from 1970 to 2000: With An Imaginary Life (1978), David Malouf, already a promising poet, emerged as a major novelist. Nominally a story about Ovid in exile, the novel is really about the transforming power of the imagination. Malouf’s writing is spare, delicate, meticulous. Like many writers of the time,…

  • imaginary number (mathematics)

    Imaginary number, any product of the form ai, in which a is a real number and i is the imaginary unit defined as ?1. See numerals and numeral

  • imagination

    aesthetics: The role of imagination: Such paradoxes suggest the need for a more extensive theory of the mind than has been so far assumed. We have referred somewhat loosely to the sensory and intellectual components of human experience but have said little about the possible relations and dependencies that…

  • Imagine (song by Lennon)

    John Lennon: …“Give Peace a Chance,” “Imagine” is living proof of the political orientation that dominated Lennon’s public life with Ono, which came to a head in 1972 with the failed agitprop album Some Time in New York City and the defeat of Democratic presidential candidate George McGovern by incumbent Pres.…

  • Imagine (album by Lennon)

    John Lennon: …conventional Lennon album that followed, Imagine (1971), is a major work keynoted by its beloved title track, a hymn of hope whose concept he attributed to Ono. Like the earlier “Give Peace a Chance,” “Imagine” is living proof of the political orientation that dominated Lennon’s public life with Ono, which…

  • imagine (Roman mask)

    mask: Funerary and commemorative uses: …patrician families these masks, or imagines, were sometimes preserved as ancestor portraits and were displayed on ceremonial occasions. Such masks were usually modeled over the features of the dead and cast in wax. This technique was revived in the making of effigy masks for the royalty and nobility of Europe…

  • Imagine Entertainment (American company)

    Ron Howard: …Brian Grazer) the production company Imagine Entertainment. In addition to films, Imagine produced numerous television shows, including 24, Friday Night Lights, Arrested Development, and Genius; the latter, an anthology series, centred on the lives of significant historical figures.

  • Imagine Project, The (album by Hancock)

    Oumou Sangaré: … song “Imagine,” from the album The Imagine Project by Herbie Hancock. The single earned a Grammy Award for best pop collaboration with vocals. In 2017 Sangaré released the album Mogoya.

  • Imagine That (film by Kirkpatrick [2009])

    Eddie Murphy: His later films included Imagine That (2009), Tower Heist (2011), A Thousand Words (2012), and Mr. Church (2016). In the biopic Dolemite Is My Name (2019), he played comedian and actor Rudy Ray Moore, who was a blaxploitation star in the 1970s. In 2015 Murphy received the

  • Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origins and Spread of Nationalism (work by Anderson)

    Benedict Anderson: In 1983 the publication of Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origin and Spread of Nationalism established Anderson’s reputation as one of the foremost thinkers on nationalism. In the book Anderson theorized the condition that led to the development of nationalism in the 18th and 19th centuries, particularly in the Americas,…

  • Imagined Worlds (work by Dyson)

    Freeman Dyson: …Infinite in All Directions (1988), Imagined Worlds (1998), and The Sun, the Genome, and the Internet (1999). Disturbing the Universe (1979) and the epistolary Maker of Patterns (2018) are autobiographies.

  • Imagines (work by Philostratus the Lemnian)

    Philostratus the Lemnian: …the first series of the Imagines in two books, discussing, in elegant and sophisticated prose, 65 real or imaginary paintings on mythological themes in a portico at Naples. They are an important source for the knowledge of Hellenistic art and roused the enthusiasm of the German poet Johann Wolfgang von…

  • Imaging and Navigation Camera (instrument)

    Stardust/NExT: …the Stardust probe included the Imaging and Navigation Camera, which was used to help fine-tune the approach to target bodies and then to produce high-resolution images during the flyby. However, two years into the mission, the filter wheel became stuck in the white-light position, thus precluding the collection of images…

  • imaging radar (radar technology)

    radar: Postwar progress: SAR and ISAR imaging radars make use of Doppler frequency to generate high-resolution images of terrain and targets. The Doppler frequency shift also has been used in Doppler-navigation radar to measure the velocity of the aircraft carrying the radar system. The extraction of the Doppler shift in weather…

  • imaging system (science)

    radiation: Imaging techniques: Advances in techniques for obtaining images of the body’s interior have greatly improved medical diagnosis. New imaging methods include various X-ray systems, positron emission tomography, and nuclear magnetic resonance imaging.

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