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  • Itany River (river, South America)

    Maroni River: …course is known as the Litani in Suriname, or Itany in French Guiana; its middle course, along which there is placer gold mining, is called the Lawa, or Aoua. Shallow-draft vessels can penetrate 60 miles (100 km) upstream from the river’s mouth; beyond that point there are many waterfalls and…

  • Itapemirim River (river, Brazil)

    Espírito Santo: rivers—the Doce, S?o Mateus, and Itapemirim—flow eastward across the state to the ocean; navigation on these rivers is hampered by their irregular rate of flow, as well as by falls, rapids, and sandbars.

  • Itapetininga (Brazil)

    Itapetininga, city, in the highlands of east-central S?o Paulo estado (state), Brazil. It lies at 2,200 feet (670 metres) above sea level, near the Itapetininga River. Formerly called Nossa Senhora dos Prazeres de Itapetininga, it was given town status in 1770 and was made the seat of a

  • Itapicuru River (river, Brazil)

    Itapicuru River, river, Maranh?o estado (“state”), northeastern Brazil. The river rises in several headstreams in the Itapicuru mountain range. It arches northeastward to Caxias and thence northwestward, emptying into the Atlantic Ocean through S?o José Bay, southeast of S?o Luís Island. The

  • Itapúa (Paraguay)

    Encarnación, city, southeastern Paraguay. The city was founded in 1614 on the west bank of the Upper Paraná River, opposite Posadas, Arg., to which it is linked by a bridge completed in 1987. Severely damaged by a tornado in 1926, it is now a busy commercial, manufacturing, and communications

  • ITAR-TASS (Russian news agency)

    ITAR-TASS, (Russian: “Information Telegraph Agency of Russia–Telegraph Agency of the Soviet Union”), Russian news agency formed in 1992 after the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991. ITAR reports on domestic news, while TASS reports on world events, including news from the other countries of the

  • Itard, Jean-Marc-Gaspard (French physician)

    Jean-Marc-Gaspard Itard, French physician noted for his work with the deaf and with the “wild boy of Aveyron.” Itard was originally marked for the banking profession, but, when the French Revolution intervened, he became a military surgeon, initially attached to Napoleon’s famous surgeon Baron

  • Itarsi (India)

    Itarsi, town, central Madhya Pradesh state, central India. It lies on an upland plain about 8 miles (13 km) south-southeast of Hoshangabad. Itarsi is a major rail junction connected with Bhopal (northwest), Gwalior (north), and Indore (west), and it has extensive railway workshops. It is also a

  • Itasca, Lake (lake, Minnesota, United States)

    Lake Itasca, lake regarded as the main source of the Mississippi River, in Clearwater county, northwestern Minnesota, U.S. The lake, of glacial origin, covers an area of 1.7 square miles (4.4 square km) and has a maximum depth of 40 feet (12 metres). From the lake’s surface, which is 1,475 feet

  • Itata incident (United States-Chilean history)

    Itata and Baltimore incidents, (1891), two serious occurrences involving the United States and Chile, the first taking place during and the second shortly after the Chilean civil war of 1891. The civil war was precipitated by a conflict between the Chilean Congress and President José Manuel

  • Itatiaia National Park (national park, Brazil)

    Rio de Janeiro: Flora and fauna: Itatiaia National Park (1937), in the Mantiqueira Range, covers about 116 square miles (300 square km) of rainforest in both Rio de Janeiro and Minas Gerais states. Serra dos órg?os National Park (1939) and the smaller Tijuca National Park (1961) are wholly within Rio de…

  • Itaya Hazan (Japanese potter)

    Itaya Hazan, Japanese potter known for his depiction of noble figures and his skill as a colourist. After studying sculpture at the Tokyo Fine Arts School, Itaya graduated in 1894 and then studied ceramics, building a kiln in Tokyo in 1904. In 1953 he received the Bunka Kunshō (“Order of Culture”).

  • Itbāy (region, Africa)

    Itbāy, mountainous region of southeastern Egypt and the northeastern part of Sudan, paralleling the Red Sea. It lies largely south of Egypt’s administrative boundary with Sudan and separates the coastal lowland of the Red Sea from the Nile River valley. The north-south–trending mountain chains in

  • ITBFS (pathology)

    Iliotibial band syndrome (ITBS), inflammation of the band of fibrous tissue known as the iliotibial band (or tract), which extends from the ilium of the hip to the tibia (shinbone). Typically, iliotibial band syndrome (ITBS) results from overuse injury, seen most commonly in distance runners and

  • ITBS (pathology)

    Iliotibial band syndrome (ITBS), inflammation of the band of fibrous tissue known as the iliotibial band (or tract), which extends from the ilium of the hip to the tibia (shinbone). Typically, iliotibial band syndrome (ITBS) results from overuse injury, seen most commonly in distance runners and

  • ITC (British government agency)
  • itch mite (arachnid)

    mite: …grain and cheese mites (Acaridae), itch mites (Sarcoptidae) of humans and animals, scab mites (Psoroptidae), feather mites of birds, mites associated with insects, and many free-living forms. Grain mites (Glycyphagidae) not only damage stored products but also cause skin irritations in those who handle such products. Itch mites burrow into…

  • itching (physiology)

    Itching, a stimulation of free nerve endings, usually at the junction of the dermis and epidermis of the skin, that evokes a desire to scratch. It has been suggested that an itch is a subthreshold sensation of pain; however, although both itch and pain sensations share common nerve pathways, they

  • Itching Parrot, The (work by Fernández de Lizardi)

    José Joaquín Fernández de Lizardi: His El periquillo sarniento (1816; The Itching Parrot), the first picaresque novel of Spanish America, is a colourful tale that depicts the state of Mexican society in the early 19th century and reflects the ideas of the French Enlightenment and of Jean-Jacques Rousseau on education. He also wrote La Quijotita…

  • Itchō (Japanese painter)

    Hanabusa Itchō, Japanese painter who broke away from the orthodox style of the Kanō school to experiment with humorous subjects from everyday life. Because of his subject matter, his work is sometimes classified with the ukiyo-e school of paintings and prints, and, indeed, some of his designs were

  • itchweed (plant)

    hellebore: …as an arrow poison, and American white hellebore (V. viride), also called itchweed. The plants have simple, parallel-veined leaves and terminal clusters of small flowers.

  • ITCZ (meteorology)

    Intertropical convergence zone (ITCZ), belt of converging trade winds and rising air that encircles the Earth near the Equator. The rising air produces high cloudiness, frequent thunderstorms, and heavy rainfall; the doldrums, oceanic regions of calm surface air, occur within the zone. The ITCZ

  • Itea (plant genus)

    Saxifragales: Major families: Iteaceae consists of the genera Itea, with 18 species, and Pterostemon, with 3 species (formerly the family Pterostemonaceae). One species of Itea is native to eastern North America, while the rest are native to the area from the Himalayas to Japan and then western Malesia. Pterostemon are native to Mexico.…

  • Itelmen (people)

    Itelmen, people of the southern Kamchatka Peninsula, far eastern Russia, numbering about 2,500 in the late 20th century. Much reduced by conquest and epidemics, they have been largely Russianized since the 18th century. In Russian usage the surviving remnant is designated by their own term I

  • Itelmen language

    Paleo-Siberian languages: Yeniseian, Luorawetlan, and Nivkh: …strongly divergent but probably related Itelmen (or Kamchadal), with a bare remnant of 500 speakers on the central west coast of Kamchatka, (4) Aliutor, perhaps a Koryak dialect, with about 2,000 speakers, and (5) Kerek, with about 10 speakers.

  • Item, Villa (villa, Pompeii, Italy)

    mystery religion: Painting: …superb Dionysiac frescoes of the Villa of the Mysteries (Villa dei Misteri) at Pompeii show the initiation of a girl into the Bacchic Mysteries: in one fresco she is lifting the cover of a sacred casket; in a second scene three followers of Dionysus are practicing lecanomancy (divination by the…

  • Iténez, Río (river, South America)

    Guaporé River, river flowing through west central Brazil. The river rises in the Serra (mountains) dos Parecis in Mato Grosso state, Brazil, and loops southward, westward, and then north-northwestward past Mato Grosso city. After receiving the Rio Verde, it continues northwestward, forming the

  • ITER (nuclear physics facility)

    fusion reactor: Magnetic confinement: …a planned new experiment, the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER) to be constructed at Cadarache, France. This is a very large experiment that will investigate both the physics of an ignited plasma and reactor technology. The large cost of the device has encouraged international collaboration in its design and funding,…

  • iteration (mathematics)

    foundations of mathematics: Foundational logic: …2 is the process of iteration; that is, 2 is the function which to every function f assigns its iterate 2(f) = f ○ f, where (f ○ f)(x) = f(f(x)). There are some type-theoretical difficulties with this construction, but these can be overcome if quantification over types is allowed;…

  • iteration (programming)

    computer programming language: Control structures: Iteration, or looping, gives computers much of their power. They can repeat a sequence of steps as often as necessary, and appropriate repetitions of quite simple steps can solve complex problems.

  • iterative method (mathematics)

    foundations of mathematics: Foundational logic: …2 is the process of iteration; that is, 2 is the function which to every function f assigns its iterate 2(f) = f ○ f, where (f ○ f)(x) = f(f(x)). There are some type-theoretical difficulties with this construction, but these can be overcome if quantification over types is allowed;…

  • iteroparity (biology)

    aging: Reproduction and aging: The distinction between semelparous and iteroparous modes of reproduction is important for an understanding of biological aging. Semelparous organisms reproduce by a single reproductive act. Annual and biennial plants are semelparous, as are many insects and a few vertebrates, notably salmon and eels. Iteroparous organisms, on the other hand, reproduce…

  • Itesan (people)

    Niger: Ethnic groups: …the A?r region, and the Itesen (Kel Geres) to the south and east of A?r. The Tuareg people are also found in Algeria and in Mali. The Kanuri, who live to the east of Zinder, are divided into a number of subgroups—the Manga, the Dogara (Dagara), the Mober, the Buduma,…

  • Itesen (people)

    Niger: Ethnic groups: …the A?r region, and the Itesen (Kel Geres) to the south and east of A?r. The Tuareg people are also found in Algeria and in Mali. The Kanuri, who live to the east of Zinder, are divided into a number of subgroups—the Manga, the Dogara (Dagara), the Mober, the Buduma,…

  • Iteso (people)

    Teso, people of central Uganda and Kenya who speak Teso (Ateso), an Eastern Sudanic (Nilotic) language of the Nilo-Saharan language family. The Teso are counted among the most progressive farmers of Uganda; they quickly took to ox plows when they began cultivating cotton in the early 1900s. Millet

  • ITF (international sports organization)

    tennis: …to rules sanctioned by the International Tennis Federation (ITF), the world governing body of the sport.

  • ith residual (statistics)

    statistics: Residual analysis: The ith residual is the difference between the observed value of the dependent variable, yi, and the value predicted by the estimated regression equation, ?i. These residuals, computed from the available data, are treated as estimates of the model error, ε. As such, they are used…

  • Ithaca (New York, United States)

    Ithaca, city, seat (1817) of Tompkins county, south-central New York, U.S. It lies at the southern end of Cayuga Lake (one of the Finger Lakes), 55 miles (89 km) southwest of Syracuse. Within the city are picturesque gorges cut by several creeks. Founded in 1789 by Simeon DeWitt, surveyor general

  • Ithaca (island, Greece)

    Ithaca, the second smallest of the seven main Ionian Islands, western Greece. It constitutes both a dímos (municipality) and a perifereiakí enótita (regional unit) in the periféreia (region) of the Ionian Islands (Modern Greek: Iónia Nisiá). Ithaca consists of two limestone masses connected by a

  • Ithaca Chasma (astronomy)

    Tethys: Tethys’s most impressive feature is Ithaca Chasma, a giant crack several kilometres deep that extends along three-quarters of the moon’s circumference and accounts for 5–10 percent of its surface. Because the ridges around the feature are heavily cratered, scientists have theorized that the chasm was produced early in the moon’s…

  • Ithaca College (college, Ithaca, New York, United States)

    Ithaca College, private, coeducational institution of higher learning in Ithaca, New York, U.S. It comprises the Roy H. Park School of Communications and schools of business, health sciences and human performance, humanities and sciences, and music. In addition to undergraduate studies, the college

  • Ithaca Conservatory of Music (college, Ithaca, New York, United States)

    Ithaca College, private, coeducational institution of higher learning in Ithaca, New York, U.S. It comprises the Roy H. Park School of Communications and schools of business, health sciences and human performance, humanities and sciences, and music. In addition to undergraduate studies, the college

  • Ithacius of Ossonoba (Spanish bishop)

    Priscillian: …bishops Hyginus of Mérida and Ithacius of Ossonoba, soon opposed the new movement.

  • Ithaka, der Peloponnes und Troja (work by Schliemann)

    Heinrich Schliemann: Youth and early career: …published his first archaeological book, Ithaka, der Peloponnes und Troja (“Ithaca, the Peloponnese, and Troy”). In that work he argued what he had been convinced of by Calvert (whose name he conveniently eliminated from the discussion): that Hisarl?k, in Asia Minor, and not Bunarbashi (P?narba??), a short distance south of…

  • Itháki (island, Greece)

    Ithaca, the second smallest of the seven main Ionian Islands, western Greece. It constitutes both a dímos (municipality) and a perifereiakí enótita (regional unit) in the periféreia (region) of the Ionian Islands (Modern Greek: Iónia Nisiá). Ithaca consists of two limestone masses connected by a

  • Ithnā ?Ashariyyah (Islamic sect)

    Twelver Shi?ah, the largest of the three Shi?i groups extant today. The Twelvers believe that, at the death of the Prophet Muhammad in 632 ce, the spiritual-political leadership (the imamate) of the Muslim community was ordained to pass down to ?Alī, the Prophet’s cousin and son-in-law, and then to

  • Itil (medieval city, Russia)

    Russia: Tatar rule: …empire) established a new capital, Itil. (It was moved to New Sarai, near the site of Tsaritsyn, modern Volgograd, about 1260.) These towns became the commercial and administrative centres of what was later to be called the “Golden Horde” (the term is probably a Western invention). Its East Slavic territories…

  • Itil (river, Russia)

    Volga River, river of Europe, the continent’s longest, and the principal waterway of western Russia and the historic cradle of the Russian state. Its basin, sprawling across about two-fifths of the European part of Russia, contains almost half of the entire population of the Russian Republic. The

  • Itinerant Fiddler, The (painting by Ostade)

    Adriaen van Ostade: , The Itinerant Fiddler (1672).

  • Itinerants (Russian painting)

    Russia: The 19th century: …the appearance of the “Itinerants.” Although their work is not well known outside Russia, the serene landscapes of Isaak Levitan, the expressive portraits of Ivan Kramskoy and Ilya Repin, and the socially oriented genre paintings of Vladimir Makovsky, Vasily Perov, and Repin arguably deserve an international

  • itinerarium (ancient Roman map)

    Itinerarium, a list of villages, towns, cities, and mail stations of the Roman Empire, with the distances between them. They were constructed according to basic concepts formulated by Greek cartographers such as Agrippa and Ptolemy, and they were frequently used by private and official travelers.

  • Itinerarium mentis in Deum (work by Bonaventure)

    Saint Bonaventure: His Journey of the Mind to God (1259) was a masterpiece showing the way by which man as a creature ought to love and contemplate God through Christ after the example of St. Francis. Revered by his order, Bonaventure recodified its constitutions (1260), wrote for it…

  • Itinerarum Egeriae (Christian work)

    Peregrinatio Etheriae, an anonymous and incomplete account of a western European nun’s travels in the Middle East, written for her colleagues at home, near the end of the 4th century. It gives important information about religious life and the observances of the church year in the localities

  • Itinerary of Benjamin of Tudela, The (work by Benjamin of Tudela)

    Benjamin of Tudela: …of his journey, Massa?ot (The Itinerary of Benjamin of Tudela, 1907), illuminates the situation of Jews in Europe and Asia in the 12th century.

  • itiv?ttaka (a?gā category)

    a?gā: Itivuttaka (“thus it is said”), sayings of the Buddha introduced by these words; many of them comprise a Khuddaka Nikāya work with this title. The Sanskrit category itiv?ttaka comprises stories about past lives of disciples. Jātaka (“birth”; see Jātaka), tales of former lives of the…

  • Itivuttaka (Buddhist text)

    Khuddaka Nikaya: Itivuttaka (from the words “Thus it is said,” with which each verse begins), a collection, in 112 short suttas, of the Buddha’s ethical teachings in prose and verse.

  • itivuttaka (a?gā category)

    a?gā: Itivuttaka (“thus it is said”), sayings of the Buddha introduced by these words; many of them comprise a Khuddaka Nikāya work with this title. The Sanskrit category itiv?ttaka comprises stories about past lives of disciples. Jātaka (“birth”; see Jātaka), tales of former lives of the…

  • Itjet–towy (ancient city, Egypt)

    ancient Egypt: The 12th dynasty (1938–c. 1756 bce): …area, founding a residence named Itjet-towy, “she who takes possession of the Two Lands,” which was for later times the archetypal royal residence. Itjet-towy was probably situated between Memphis and the pyramids of Amenemhet I and Sesostris I (at modern Al-Lisht), while Memphis remained the centre of population. From later…

  • ITO (chemical compound)

    conductive ceramics: Thick-film and thin-film resistors and electrodes: …in the electronics industry as indium tin oxide (ITO)—are outstanding electronic conductors, and they have the added virtue of being optically transparent. Conductivity and transparency arise from the combination of a large band gap and the incorporation of sufficient electron donors. There is thus an optimal electron concentration to maximize…

  • Itō (Japan)

    Itō, resort city, eastern Shizuoka ken (prefecture), east-central Honshu, Japan. It is located on the east coast of the Izu Peninsula on Sagami Bay, about 10 miles (16 km) south of Atami. The area became historically important in the early 17th century as the site where the first Western-style

  • Itō Hirobumi (prime minister of Japan)

    Itō Hirobumi, Japanese elder statesman (genro) and premier (1885–88, 1892–96, 1898, 1900–01), who played a crucial role in building modern Japan. He helped draft the Meiji constitution (1889) and brought about the establishment of a bicameral national Diet (1890). He was created a marquess in 1884

  • Itō Jakuchū (Japanese painter)

    Itō Jakuchū, Japanese painter of the mid-Tokugawa period (1603–1867) who excelled in drawing flowers, fish, and birds, especially fowl, which he used to keep at his home in order to observe them closely. The son of a greengrocer, he first studied drawing with a painter of the Kanō school (

  • Itō Jinsai (Japanese scholar)

    Itō Jinsai, Japanese sinologist, philosopher, and educator of the Edo (Tokugawa) period (1603–1867), who founded the Kogigaku (“Study of Ancient Meaning”) school of thought , which subsequently became part of the larger Kogaku (“Ancient Learning”) school. Like his fellow Kogaku scholars, Yamaga

  • Ito stochastic calculus (mathematics)

    probability theory: Brownian motion process: …Brownian motion process is the Ito (named for the Japanese mathematician Itō Kiyosi) stochastic calculus, which plays an important role in the modern theory of stochastic processes.

  • Ito, Kiyoshi (Japanese mathematician)

    Kiyoshi Ito, Japanese mathematician (born Sept. 7, 1915, Hokusei-cho, Mie prefecture, Japan—died Nov. 10, 2008, Kyoto, Japan), was a major contributor to the theory of probability. Building on the work of Andrey Nikolayevich Kolmogorov, Paul Lévy, and Joseph Leo Doob, Ito was able to apply the

  • Ito, Lance (American jurist)

    O.J. Simpson trial: …on January 24, 1995, with Lance Ito as the presiding judge. The Los Angeles district attorney’s office, led by Marcia Clark and Christopher Darden, emphasized the domestic violence that had occurred prior to and after the Simpsons’ 1992 divorce as a motive for the murders. The attorneys representing Simpson, known…

  • Ito, Michio (Japanese choreographer)

    Michio Ito, Japanese choreographer, dancer, and scenic director for theatre and film who established himself as a pioneer of modern dance in Europe, New York City, and Los Angeles during the 1920s and ’30s. His distinct brand of choreography relied heavily on arm and upper-torso movement. The Ito

  • Ito, Toyo (Japanese architect)

    Toyo Ito, Japanese architect who is known for his innovative designs and for taking a fresh approach to each of his projects. Ito held that any architectural response should consider the senses as well as physical needs, and his philosophy doubtless contributed to the considerable critical and

  • Itokawa (near-Earth asteroid)

    interplanetary dust particle: …dust, from the near-Earth asteroid Itokawa for laboratory analysis.

  • Itonididae (insect)

    Gall midge, (family Cecidomyiidae, or Itonididae), any minute, delicate insect (order Diptera) characterized by beaded, somewhat hairy antennae and few veins in the short-haired wings. The brightly coloured larvae live in leaves and flowers, usually causing the formation of tissue swellings

  • Itqān fī ?ulūm al-Qur?ān (work by al-Suyū?ī)

    al-Suyū?ī: His Itqān fī ?ulūm al-Qur?ān (“Mastery in the Sciences of the Qur?ān”) is a well-known work on Qur?ānic exegesis. Among his works that have been translated into English is Ta?rīkh al-khulafā? (History of the Caliphs), as well as a work on cosmology, another on exegesis, and…

  • Itsekiri (people)

    Itsekiri, ethnic group inhabiting the westernmost part of the Niger River delta of extreme southern Nigeria. The Itsekiri make up an appreciable proportion of the modern towns of Sapele, Warri, Burutu, and Forcados. They speak a Yoruboid language of the Benue-Congo branch of Niger-Congo languages

  • Itsekiri language

    Benue-Congo languages: Defoid: (20,000,000 speakers), Igala (1,000,000), and Itsekiri (Itsεkiri; 600,000). Yoruba is the Niger-Congo language with the largest number of mother-tongue speakers. Though Swahili has a greater total number of speakers—some 35,000,000—most of them are second-language speakers. One of the principal languages of Nigeria, Yoruba is spoken throughout southwestern Nigeria and also…

  • Itsuku Island (island, Japan)

    Itsuku Island, offshore island, Hiroshima ken (prefecture), Japan, in the Inland Sea. The small island, one of Japan’s most scenic locations, is 19 miles (31 km) in circumference and occupies an area of 12 square miles (31 square km). It is best known for its 6th-century shrine, which was built on

  • itsutsu-ginu (clothing)

    dress: Japan: …a robe known as the itsutsu-ginu. The itsutsu-ginu has multiple bands of coloured silks (usually five) attached at the edges of the sleeves, at the neckline, and at the hem, giving the appearance of several robes worn one over another.

  • ITT Corporation (American company)

    ITT Corporation, , former American telecommunications company that grew into a successful conglomerate corporation before its breakup in 1995. ITT was founded in 1920 by Sosthenes Behn and his brother Hernand Behn as a holding company for their Caribbean-based telephone and telegraph companies; i

  • Ittagi (India)

    South Asian arts: Medieval temple architecture: South Indian style of Karnataka: With the Mahādevā temple at Ittagi (c. 1112) the transition is complete, the extremely rich and profuse decoration characteristic of this shrine being found in all work that follows. Dating from the reign of the Hoysa?a dynasty (c. 1141) is a twin Hoysa?e?vara temple at Halebīd, the capital city. The…

  • Ittefaq Group (Pakistani business organization)

    Nawaz Sharif: Business career and entry into politics: …influential House of Ittefaq (Ittefaq Group), an industrial conglomerate with interests in sugar, steel, and textiles. Entering politics, he served as a member of a provincial council in Punjab; in 1981 he was appointed finance minister for the province, and, following elections in 1985, he rose to chief minister.…

  • Itten, Johannes (Swiss painter and sculptor)

    Walter Gropius: Bauhaus period: …the Swiss painter and sculptor Johannes Itten, which itself became the most widely copied aspect of the Bauhaus curriculum. Students explored two- and three-dimensional design using a variety of simple materials, such as wire, wood, and paper. The psychological effects of form, colour, and texture were studied as well. Although…

  • itti?ād (?ūfī principle)

    Sālimīyah: They held also that itti?ād (mystical union) with God can be achieved through man’s contemplation of his own personality until he achieves complete consciousness of it. They based this view on the well-known concept that God created man after his image. Consequently, the Sālimīyah maintained that every man has…

  • ?ttihad ve Terakki Cemiyeti (Turkish history)

    Associations for the Defense of Rights: …whom were members of the Committee of Union and Progress, which was dissolved in 1918). In 1919 Mustafa Kemal (later Atatürk) arrived in Anatolia as inspector general of the 3rd Army and established contacts with the groups there. Mustafa Kemal resigned his post that July and persuaded the Association for…

  • Itti?ād, al- (Yemen)

    Madīnat al-Sha?b, town, southern Yemen, former administrative capital of Yemen (Aden). The town is located on the Little Aden Peninsula on the western side of Al-Tawāhī Bay (Aden Harbour), across from Aden city. It was founded in 1959 as Al-Itti?ād (Arabic: “Unity”) and was at first the capital of

  • itti?ādīyah (?ūfī sect)

    Ibn Taymiyyah: Life: …religious brotherhood (tariqa); or the itti?ādiyyah school, which taught that the Creator and the created become one, a school that grew out of the teaching of Ibn al-?Arabī (died 1240), whose monism he denounced.

  • Ittoqqortoormiit (town, Greenland)

    Scoresby Sund: Ittoqqortoormiit (also called Illoqqortoormiut; Danish: Scoresbysund) is a hunting and fishing town founded in 1924 by Ejnar Mikkelsen. The town lies north of the sound’s mouth at a place where fishing is possible throughout the year.

  • ITU (UN agency)

    International Telecommunication Union (ITU), specialized agency of the United Nations that was created to encourage international cooperation in all forms of telecommunication. Its activities include maintaining order in the allocation of radio frequencies, setting standards on technical and

  • ITU Council

    International Telecommunication Union: …to technical needs; (3) the ITU Council, which meets annually and is responsible for executing decisions of the Plenipotentiary Conference; (4) the General Secretariat, responsible for administrative and financial services; (5) the Radiocommunications Sector, which was formed by the merger of those activities of the former International Consultative Radio Committee…

  • iTunes (digital media player application)

    ITunes, digital media player application created by Apple in 2001. iTunes was at the forefront of the digital music revolution, providing a free, user-friendly means to play and organize digital music and video files. iTunes was developed as a complete work, with nonstandard interfaces that are

  • Ituni (Guyana)

    Guyana: Transportation: …and another transports bauxite between Ituni and Linden. Privately owned minibuses play an important role in transporting passengers and goods to and from Georgetown.

  • Ituraean (people)

    Aristobulus I: …historian Josephus, Aristobulus conquered the Ituraeans of Lebanon and forcibly converted them to Judaism. He was the first of his house to adopt the title of king (basileus).

  • Iturbi, José (Spanish-born pianist, conductor, and actor)

    José Iturbi, Spanish-born pianist, conductor, and actor, known for his hectic concert schedule and for his roles (usually as himself) in several musical motion pictures. Iturbi was a child prodigy at the piano. He began performing professionally at age seven, and graduated with honours from the

  • Iturbide, Agustín de (emperor of Mexico)

    Agustín de Iturbide, Mexican caudillo (military chieftain) who became the leader of the conservative factions in the Mexican independence movement and, as Agustín I, briefly emperor of Mexico. Like many young men of the upper classes in Spanish America, Iturbide entered the royalist army, becoming

  • Ituri (province, Democratic Republic of the Congo)

    Ebola: Outbreaks: …and had reached the neighbouring Ituri province. In January 2019 the epicentre had spread south, close to the border of Uganda and more densely populated areas. As the year progressed, the outbreak expanded and by October had affected populations throughout not only North Kivu and Ituri provinces but also the…

  • Ituri Forest (forest, Democratic Republic of the Congo)

    Ituri Forest, dense tropical rainforest lying on the northeastern lip of the Congo River basin in the Central African nation of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Situated between 0° and 3° N latitude and 27° and 30° E longitude, the precise geographic limits of the Ituri are poorly defined,

  • Ituri River (river, Democratic Republic of the Congo)

    Ituri Forest: …owes its name to the Ituri River, which flows east-west across the forest into the Aruwimi River and thence to the Congo.

  • Ituri, Forêt de L’ (forest, Democratic Republic of the Congo)

    Ituri Forest, dense tropical rainforest lying on the northeastern lip of the Congo River basin in the Central African nation of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Situated between 0° and 3° N latitude and 27° and 30° E longitude, the precise geographic limits of the Ituri are poorly defined,

  • ITV (British organization)

    Independent Television (ITV), in the United Kingdom, television network consisting of a consortium of private companies in competition with the British Broadcasting Corporation. It is regulated by the Office of Communications. The ITV network was authorized by act of Parliament in 1954, when the

  • Ityala lamawele (work by Mqhayi)

    S.E.K. Mqhayi: In 1914 his Ityala lamawele (“The Lawsuit of the Twins”) appeared. Inspired by another biblical story, Ityala lamawele is a defense of Xhosa law before European administration. In the 1920s Mqhayi wrote several biographies and Imihobe nemibongo (1927; “Songs of Joy and Lullabies”), the first published collection of…

  • Itylus (work by Swinburne)

    epanalepsis: …line of Algernon Charles Swinburne’s “Itylus”:

  • ītyop’iya

    Ethiopia, country on the Horn of Africa. The country lies completely within the tropical latitudes and is relatively compact, with similar north-south and east-west dimensions. The capital is Addis Ababa (“New Flower”), located almost at the centre of the country. Ethiopia is the largest and most

  • Itzá (people)

    Quetzalcóatl: …invasion of Yucatán by the Itzá, a tribe that showed strong Toltec features. Quetzalcóatl’s calendar name was Ce Acatl (One Reed). The belief that he would return from the east in a One Reed year led the Aztec sovereign Montezuma II to regard the Spanish conqueror Hernán Cortés and his…

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