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  • Katona, József (Hungarian author)

    József Katona, Hungarian lawyer and playwright whose historical tragedy Bánk bán achieved its great reputation only after his death. A lawyer, Katona was also interested in the stage and wrote several plays of little literary merit. In 1815 he wrote Bánk bán, which, though he entered it for a

  • Katoomba (New South Wales, Australia)

    Katoomba, town, east-central New South Wales, Australia. Declared a municipality in 1889 and a city in 1946, Katoomba was incorporated within the City of Blue Mountains in 1947. It now serves as the city’s administrative headquarters and the regional business centre. Katoomba lies in the Blue

  • Katowice (Poland)

    Katowice, city and capital, ?l?skie województwo (province), south-central Poland. It lies in the heart of the Upper Silesia coalfields. The settlement was first recorded in 1598, and it remained a small village until 1865, when it was granted municipal rights as Kattowitz. It grew rapidly as coal

  • Katrina, Hurricane (storm [2005])

    Hurricane Katrina, tropical cyclone that struck the southeastern United States in late August 2005. The hurricane and its aftermath claimed more than 1,800 lives, and it ranked as the costliest natural disaster in U.S. history. The storm that would later become Hurricane Katrina surfaced on August

  • Kātrīnā, Mount (mountain, Egypt)

    Mount Kātrīnā, peak in the Sinai Peninsula, Egypt. The country’s highest point, Mount Kātrīnā reaches 8,668 feet (2,642 metres). A chapel and a meteorological station are located at the summit. Mount Sinai, site of Saint Catherine’s Monastery, is situated 2 miles (3 km)

  • Katrīnah, Mount (mountain, Egypt)

    Mount Kātrīnā, peak in the Sinai Peninsula, Egypt. The country’s highest point, Mount Kātrīnā reaches 8,668 feet (2,642 metres). A chapel and a meteorological station are located at the summit. Mount Sinai, site of Saint Catherine’s Monastery, is situated 2 miles (3 km)

  • Katrine, Loch (lake, Scotland, United Kingdom)

    Loch Katrine, lake, Central region, Scotland, located in the tourist district known as The Trossachs. It is about 8 miles (13 km) long and up to 1 mile (1.6 km) wide. Its surface is 378 feet (115 metres) above sea level, but it occupies a rock basin gouged out by a glacier, so its floor, 495 feet

  • Katsh, Abraham Isaac (American scholar of Judaica)

    Abraham Isaac Katsh, Polish-born American educator and researcher who was a scholar of Judaica and was credited with the addition of modern Hebrew to the curricula of American colleges; during the Cold War he persuaded Soviet officials to allow him to study and microfilm--and thus make available to

  • Katsina (state, Nigeria)

    Katsina, state, north-central Nigeria. It was formed from the northern half of Kaduna state in 1987. Katsina is bordered by the Republic of Niger to the north and by the Nigerian states of Jigawa and Kano to the east, Kaduna to the south, and Zamfara to the west. The state consists largely of scrub

  • katsina (North American Indian religion)

    Kachina, in traditional religions of the Pueblo Indians of North America, any of more than 500 divine and ancestral spirit beings who interact with humans. Each Pueblo culture has distinct forms and variations of kachinas. Kachinas are believed to reside with the tribe for half of each year. They

  • Katsina (historical kingdom and emirate, Nigeria)

    Katsina, historic kingdom and emirate in northern Nigeria. According to tradition, the kingdom, one of the Hausa Bakwai (“Seven True Hausa States”), was founded in the 10th or 11th century. Islām was introduced in the 1450s, and Muhammad Korau (reigned late 15th century) was Katsina’s first Muslim

  • Katsina (Nigeria)

    Katsina, town, capital of Katsina state, northern Nigeria, near the Niger border. Probably founded about 1100 near Ambuttai, which was the residence of Katsina’s Hausa kings and the annual meeting place for the rulers of nearby Durbi, the town was named for Kacinna (Katsena, Katsina), the wife of

  • Katsina Ala River (river, western Africa)

    Katsina Ala River, river in western Africa that rises northeast of Bamenda, Camer. It flows 200 miles (320 km) northwest, crossing into eastern Nigeria just north of Gayama and passing the town of Katsina Ala before reaching the Benue River northeast of Abinsi. The river is navigable for 90 miles

  • Katsu Awa (Japanese naval officer)

    Count Katsu Kaishū, Japanese naval officer who reformed his country’s navy and played a mediatory role in the Meiji Restoration—the overthrow in 1868 of the shogun (hereditary military dictator of Japan) and restoration of power to the emperor. He was one of the few high officials of the shogunate

  • Katsu Kaishū, Count (Japanese naval officer)

    Count Katsu Kaishū, Japanese naval officer who reformed his country’s navy and played a mediatory role in the Meiji Restoration—the overthrow in 1868 of the shogun (hereditary military dictator of Japan) and restoration of power to the emperor. He was one of the few high officials of the shogunate

  • Katsu Shintarō (Japanese actor)

    Katsu Shintarō, Japanese actor whose portrayal of Zatoichi, a blind master swordsman, in a series of motion pictures and on television brought him fame and influenced similar films in Hong Kong and Taiwan. Katsu was perhaps the most popular star in Japanese screen history, starring in 25 Zatoichi

  • Katsu Yoshikuni (Japanese naval officer)

    Count Katsu Kaishū, Japanese naval officer who reformed his country’s navy and played a mediatory role in the Meiji Restoration—the overthrow in 1868 of the shogun (hereditary military dictator of Japan) and restoration of power to the emperor. He was one of the few high officials of the shogunate

  • Katsukawa Shunshō (Japanese artist)

    printmaking: Japan: Katsukawa Shunshō is notable for his austere portraits of actors, which he designed with much strength and intensity. Some of his portraits are among the finest in Japanese printmaking.

  • Katsura (river, Japan)

    Kyōto: The city site: The Kamo and Katsura rivers—before joining the Yodo-gawa (Yodo River) to the south—were, respectively, the original eastern and western boundaries. But the attraction of the eastern hills kept the city from filling out to its original western border until after World War II. Kyōto is actually cradled in…

  • Katsura Imperial Villa (building complex, Kyōto, Japan)

    Katsura Imperial Villa, group of buildings located in the southwest suburbs of Kyōto, Japan. The complex was originally built as a princely estate in the early 17th century and lies on the bank of the Katsura River, which supplies the water for its ponds and streams. The estate covers an area of

  • Katsura Kogorō (Japanese statesman)

    Kido Takayoshi, one of the heroes of the Meiji Restoration, the overthrow of the 264-year rule by the Tokugawa family and return of power to the Japanese emperor. After the imperial restoration of 1868, Kido became one of the most effective officials in the new government. Born into an i

  • katsura mono (Japanese theatre)

    Noh theatre: …centres on warriors; the third, katsura mono (“wig play”), has a female protagonist; the fourth type, varied in content, includes the gendai mono (“present-day play”), in which the story is contemporary and “realistic” rather than legendary and supernatural, and the kyōjo mono (“madwoman play”), in which the protagonist becomes insane…

  • Katsura Rikyū (building complex, Kyōto, Japan)

    Katsura Imperial Villa, group of buildings located in the southwest suburbs of Kyōto, Japan. The complex was originally built as a princely estate in the early 17th century and lies on the bank of the Katsura River, which supplies the water for its ponds and streams. The estate covers an area of

  • Katsura Tarō, Kōshaku (prime minister of Japan)

    Kōshaku Katsura Tarō, Japanese army officer and statesman who served three times as prime minister of Japan. Katsura fought for the imperial cause in the Meiji Restoration, which in 1868 wrested power from the feudal Tokugawa family and restored it to the emperor. He was later sent to Germany to

  • katsura tree (plant)

    Katsura tree, (species Cercidiphyllum japonicum), upright, gracefully branching tree native to China and Japan, and the only remaining member of the family Cercidiphyllaceae. It is a handsome ornamental tree planted widely for its broadly oval form; it grows up to 15 m (50 feet) tall in

  • Katsusaka (pottery style)

    Japanese art: Jōmon period: The Katsusaka type, produced by mountain dwellers, has a burnt-reddish surface and is noted especially for extensive and flamboyant applied decorative schemes, some of which may have been related to a snake cult. The Otamadai type, produced by lowland peoples, was coloured dirt-brown with a mica…

  • Katsushika Hokusai (Japanese artist)

    Hokusai, Japanese master artist and printmaker of the ukiyo-e (“pictures of the floating world”) school. His early works represent the full spectrum of ukiyo-e art, including single-sheet prints of landscapes and actors, hand paintings, and surimono (“printed things”), such as greetings and

  • Katsuta (Japan)

    Hitachinaka, city, eastern Ibaraki ken (prefecture), northern Honshu, Japan. It extends eastward from the Naka River to the Pacific Ocean, just east of Mito, the prefectural capital. The city was formed in 1994 by the merger of the former city of Katsuta with the smaller Nakaminato. For several

  • Katsuwonus pelamis (fish)

    perciform: bonitos, and skipjacks (family Scombridae), billfishes and marlins (Istiophoridae), swordfish (Xiphiidae), sea basses (Serranidae), and carangids (Carangidae), a large family that includes

  • Katsuyō sanpō (mathematical work)

    Seki Takakazu: The publication of Katsuyō sanpō (1712; “Compendium of Mathematics”), containing Seki’s research on the measure of circle and arc, is due to another disciple who used this work to open a Seki School of Mathematics—a prestigious centre that attracted the best mathematicians in the country until the 19th…

  • Kattakurgan (Uzbekistan)

    Kattakurgan, city, east-central Uzbekistan, in a thickly populated oasis in the Zeravshan River valley. It began in the 18th century as a centre of trade and handicrafts and now has various light-industrial plants for processing local agricultural produce. The Kattakurgan Reservoir on the nearby

  • Kattaqūrghon (Uzbekistan)

    Kattakurgan, city, east-central Uzbekistan, in a thickly populated oasis in the Zeravshan River valley. It began in the 18th century as a centre of trade and handicrafts and now has various light-industrial plants for processing local agricultural produce. The Kattakurgan Reservoir on the nearby

  • Katte, Hans Hermann von (German military officer)

    Frederick II: Early life: Lieutenant Hans Hermann von Katte, the young officer who had been his accomplice in the plan, was executed in Frederick’s presence, and there was for a short time a real possibility that the prince might share his fate. During the next year or more Frederick, as…

  • Kattegat (strait, Denmark-Sweden)

    Kattegat, (Danish: “Cat’s Throat”) strait forming part of the connection between the Baltic Sea and the North Sea. The strait trends north-south between the Jutland (Jylland) peninsula and Sj?lland (Zealand) island of Denmark (west and south) and Sweden (east); it connects through the Skagerrak

  • Kattegatt (strait, Denmark-Sweden)

    Kattegat, (Danish: “Cat’s Throat”) strait forming part of the connection between the Baltic Sea and the North Sea. The strait trends north-south between the Jutland (Jylland) peninsula and Sj?lland (Zealand) island of Denmark (west and south) and Sweden (east); it connects through the Skagerrak

  • katti (kathākali dance)

    South Asian arts: The kathakali school: (2) Katti (“knife”), haughty and arrogant but learned and of exalted character, has a fiery upcurled moustache with silver piping and a white mushroom knob at the tip of his nose. Two walrus tusks protrude from the corners of his mouth, his headgear is opulent, and…

  • Kattowitz (Poland)

    Katowice, city and capital, ?l?skie województwo (province), south-central Poland. It lies in the heart of the Upper Silesia coalfields. The settlement was first recorded in 1598, and it remained a small village until 1865, when it was granted municipal rights as Kattowitz. It grew rapidly as coal

  • Kattowitz Conference (Jewish history)

    Leo Pinsker: In 1884 he convened the Kattowitz (Katowice, Pol.) Conference, which established a permanent committee with headquarters in Odessa. Although ?ibbat ?iyyon (later ?ovevei ?iyyon [“Lovers of Zion”]) was crippled by lack of funds, it did establish a few colonies in Palestine and founded the Society for the Support of Jewish…

  • Katu (people)

    Vietnam: Languages: others—including the Bru, Pacoh, Katu, Cua, Hre, Rengao, Sedang, Bahnar, Mnong, Mang (Maa), Muong, and Stieng—speak Mon-Khmer languages, connecting them with the Khmer. French missionaries and administrators provided Roman script

  • Katuic languages

    Souei language: It belongs to the Katuic branch of the Mon-Khmer language family, itself a part of the Austroasiatic stock. Spoken by some 630,000 people, Souei is—after Vietnamese, Khmer, and Mon—one of the most important Mon-Khmer languages because of its number of speakers, its geographic spread, and its historical role.

  • Katumbi, Mo?se (Congolese politician)

    Democratic Republic of the Congo: The Democratic Republic of the Congo: …opposition figures Jean-Pierre Bemba and Mo?se Katumbi were not part of that group, as Bemba had been disqualified by the electoral commission over International Criminal Court charges and Katumbi had been blocked from returning to the country after time away and hence was not able to register as a candidate…

  • Katun (river, Russia)

    Altai Mountains: Drainage: The Katun, Bukhtarma, and Biya—all tributaries of the Ob River—are among the biggest. Rivers of the Gobi Altai are shorter, shallower, and often frozen in winter and dry in summer. There are more than 3,500 lakes, most of structural or glacial origin. Those of the Gobi…

  • Katun (ridge, Altai mountains, Asia)

    Altai Mountains: Geology: …in the contemporary Altai—notably the Katun, North (Severo) Chu, and the South (Yuzhno) Chu—tower more than 13,000 feet (4,000 metres) in elevation, running latitudinally in the central and eastern portions of the sector of the system within the Altay republic. The Tabyn-Bogdo-Ola (Mongolian: Tavan Bogd Uul), the M?nh Hayrhan Uul,…

  • Katwijk (Netherlands)

    Katwijk, gemeente (municipality), western Netherlands. The municipality, comprising Katwijk aan Zee and Katwijk aan den Rijn, lies along the North Sea at the mouth of the Old Rhine River. The Old Rhine was canalized there (1804–07) with huge locks. Katwijk aan Zee has been a seaside resort since

  • Katy Lied (album by Steely Dan)

    Steely Dan: …“Rikki Don’t Lose That Number”—and Katy Lied (1975). Dragging pop music into its high modernist phase, Becker and Fagen took musical ideas from the entire American spectrum, especially jazz, and compressed them into immediately accessible three-minute vignettes. Their songs described lost friendships, lost hopes, and joyless perversity, underscoring the paradox…

  • katydid (insect)

    Katydid, (family Tettigoniidae), any of about 6,000 predominantly nocturnal insects that are related to crickets (the two groups are in the suborder Ensifera, order Orthoptera) and are noted for their mating calls. Katydids are also known for their large hind legs and extremely long threadlike

  • Katyk (Ukraine)

    Shakhtarsk, city, eastern Ukraine. Shakhtarsk was established in 1953 by the amalgamation of three local settlements, two of which dated from the 18th century, and was granted city status in 1958. Located on the Donets Basin coalfield, the city features mines that historically have produced

  • Katyn Massacre (Polish history [1940])

    Katyn Massacre, mass execution of Polish military officers by the Soviet Union during World War II. The discovery of the massacre precipitated the severance of diplomatic relations between the Soviet Union and the Polish government-in-exile in London. After Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union

  • Katyusha (rocket)

    rocket and missile system: Barrage rockets: …130-millimetre rocket known as the Katyusha. From 16 to 48 Katyushas were fired from a boxlike launcher known as the Stalin Organ, mounted on a gun carriage.

  • Katz und Maus (novel by Grass)

    German literature: The late 1950s and the ’60s: …Drum), Katz und Maus (1961; Cat and Mouse), and Hundejahre (1963; Dog Years). The trilogy presents a grotesquely imaginative retrospective on the Nazi period. The narrator of Die Blechtrommel is the dwarf Oskar Matzerath, who claims that he deliberately stopped growing on his third birthday out of protest against the…

  • Katz v. United States (law case)

    Bowers v. Hardwick: Dissenting opinions: …to watch obscene movies, or Katz v. United States [1967]…was about a fundamental right to place interstate bets from a telephone booth.” “Rather,” he added (quoting Louis Brandeis’s dissent in the Supreme Court’s decision in Olmstead v. United States [1928]), “this case is about ‘the most comprehensive of rights and…

  • Katz, Alex (American artist)

    Alex Katz, American figurative painter known for his large-scale simplified images of family and friends. Katz created iconic paintings documenting the American scene and later the American landscape through understated but monumental glimpses of the vernacular world. Katz, who was the son of

  • Katz, Amron Harry (American physicist)

    Amron Harry Katz, American physicist whose studies in aerial reconnaissance made possible the use of space satellites for collecting military intelligence as well as information to be used in conserving resources and aiding disaster victims (b. Aug. 15, 1915--d. Feb. 10,

  • Katz, Dovid (American scholar)

    Yiddish literature: The 21st century: Yiddish scholar Dovid Katz was born in the United States and later moved to Vilna. In 1992, under the name Heershadovid Menkes, he published the first of three books of short fiction set mainly in 19th-century Lithuania. Oyb nisht nokh kliger (“If Not Wiser”), in the collection…

  • Katz, Eli (American artist)

    Gil Kane , Latvian-born American comic book artist whose innovative and dramatic style and precise drawing technique brought new life and vibrancy to such classic superheroes as Spider-Man, Green Lantern, Captain Marvel, the Incredible Hulk, and the Atom—in addition to characters he created, such

  • Katz, Elihu (American sociologist)

    Elihu Katz, American sociologist who significantly contributed to the study of mass communication. Some of his most notable work includes research on such topics as the intersection of mass and interpersonal communication, uses and gratifications, and media effects. Katz attended Columbia

  • Katz, Jerrold J. (American philosopher)

    philosophy of logic: Linguistics: …be made of attempts by Jerrold J. Katz, a U.S. grammarian-philosopher, and others to give a linguistic characterization of such fundamental logical notions as analyticity; the sketch by Montague of a “universal grammar” based on his intensional logic; and the suggestion (by several logicians and linguists) that what linguists call…

  • Katz, Joel David (American actor)

    Joel Grey, American actor, singer, and dancer who was best known for his riveting performance as the depraved and worldly master of ceremonies in the Kander and Ebb musical Cabaret, in both the 1966 stage version and the 1972 film adaptation. Grey was the son of the popular comic musician Mickey

  • Katz, Marilyn (American composer and songwriter)
  • Katz, Phillip (American computer programmer)

    PKZip: …the mid-1980s American computer programmer Phillip Katz began developing his own compression program, PKARC, which was based on SEA’s product and used the ARC file format. Katz’s program was faster and more efficient than ARC, and in 1986 Katz founded his own company, PKWARE, Inc., to promote the product. PKARC…

  • Katz, Sir Bernard (British physiologist)

    Sir Bernard Katz, German-born British physiologist who investigated the functioning of nerves and muscles. His studies on the release of the neurotransmitter acetylcholine—which carries impulses from nerve fibre to muscle fibre or from one nerve ending to another—won him a share (with Julius

  • Katzenbach, Nicholas deBelleville (American lawyer and government official)

    Nicholas deBelleville Katzenbach, American lawyer and government official (born Jan. 17, 1922, Philadelphia, Pa.—died May 8, 2012, Skillman, N.J.), served as deputy attorney general (1962–64) under Presidents John F. Kennedy and Lyndon B. Johnson and attorney general (1965–66) and undersecretary of

  • Katzenberg, Jeffrey (American entrepreneur)

    Jeffrey Katzenberg, American entrepreneur who played a pivotal role in transforming the Walt Disney Company into a multibillion-dollar empire and who, along with filmmaker Steven Spielberg and music mogul David Geffen, founded the film studio DreamWorks SKG. Katzenberg attended New York University

  • Katzenjammer Kids (comic strip)

    comic strip: The United States: …Max and Moritz, called the Katzenjammer Kids, which proved an instant success. It survived in syndication into the 21st century, under its sixth author. The market-driven tendency to continue strips in their formula if not their spirit after the death of the original author(s) has given extraordinary longevity to many…

  • Katzir, Ephraim (president of Israel)

    Ephraim Katzir, Russian-born scientist and politician who was the fourth president of Israel (1973–78). Katzir moved with his family to Palestine when he was nine years old. After graduating from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, he became an assistant in the university’s department of

  • KAU (political organization, Kenya)

    flag of Kenya: …World War II was the Kenya African Union (KAU), the predecessor of the Kenya African National Union. The party’s original flag, introduced on September 3, 1951, was black and red with a central shield and arrow. In the following year the background was altered to three equal horizontal stripes of…

  • Kau, Rano (volcano, Easter Island)

    Easter Island: Relief: …the extremely deep crater of Rano Kao, which is about 3,000 feet wide, is piped to Hanga Roa. The coast is formed by soft, eroded, ashy cliffs, with a vertical drop of about 500 to 1,000 feet; the cliffs are intercepted by long stretches of low, hard, and rugged lava…

  • Kaua‘i (island, Hawaii, United States)

    Kauai, volcanic island, Kauai county, Hawaii, U.S. It lies 72 miles (116 km) northwest of Oahu island across the Kauai Channel. The northernmost and geologically the oldest of the major Hawaiian islands, it is also the most verdant and one of the most scenic and is known as the Garden Isle; the

  • Kauai (island, Hawaii, United States)

    Kauai, volcanic island, Kauai county, Hawaii, U.S. It lies 72 miles (116 km) northwest of Oahu island across the Kauai Channel. The northernmost and geologically the oldest of the major Hawaiian islands, it is also the most verdant and one of the most scenic and is known as the Garden Isle; the

  • Kauai King (racehorse)

    Kauai King, (foaled 1963), American racehorse (Thoroughbred) who in 1966 won the Kentucky Derby and the Preakness Stakes but lost at the Belmont Stakes, ending his bid for the coveted Triple Crown of American horse racing. As a two-year-old, Kauai King won only once in four races and earned a total

  • Kauai Museum (museum, Lihue, Hawaii, United States)

    Kauai: …concentrated in Lihue, include the Kauai Museum, which features the work of local artists and exhibits on Hawaiian history, and the Grove Farm Homestead Museum, a historic sugar plantation. On the west side of the island is Waimea Canyon, known as the “Grand Canyon of the Pacific,” some 14 miles…

  • Kauffer, E. McKnight (American artist)

    Art Deco: …Poiret and the graphic artist Edward McKnight Kauffer represent those whose work directly reached a larger audience. New York City’s Rockefeller Center (especially its interiors supervised by Donald Deskey; built between 1929 and 1940), the Chrysler Building by William Van Alen, and the

  • Kauffer, Edward McKnight (American artist)

    Art Deco: …Poiret and the graphic artist Edward McKnight Kauffer represent those whose work directly reached a larger audience. New York City’s Rockefeller Center (especially its interiors supervised by Donald Deskey; built between 1929 and 1940), the Chrysler Building by William Van Alen, and the

  • Kauffman, Angelica (Swiss painter)

    Angelica Kauffmann, painter in the early Neoclassical style who is best known for her decorative wall paintings for residences designed by Robert Adam. The daughter of Johann Joseph Kauffmann, a painter, Angelica was a precocious child and a talented musician and painter by her 12th year. Her early

  • Kauffmann, Angelica (Swiss painter)

    Angelica Kauffmann, painter in the early Neoclassical style who is best known for her decorative wall paintings for residences designed by Robert Adam. The daughter of Johann Joseph Kauffmann, a painter, Angelica was a precocious child and a talented musician and painter by her 12th year. Her early

  • Kauffmann, Maria Anna Catharina Angelica (Swiss painter)

    Angelica Kauffmann, painter in the early Neoclassical style who is best known for her decorative wall paintings for residences designed by Robert Adam. The daughter of Johann Joseph Kauffmann, a painter, Angelica was a precocious child and a talented musician and painter by her 12th year. Her early

  • Kauffmann, Stanley (American film critic)

    Stanley Jules Kauffmann, American film critic (born April 24, 1916, New York, N.Y.—died Oct. 9, 2013, New York City), reviewed movies for more than 50 years (1958–2013) at The New Republic magazine, except for a brief stint (1966) when he served as theatre critic for the New York Times newspaper.

  • Kauffmann, Stanley Jules (American film critic)

    Stanley Jules Kauffmann, American film critic (born April 24, 1916, New York, N.Y.—died Oct. 9, 2013, New York City), reviewed movies for more than 50 years (1958–2013) at The New Republic magazine, except for a brief stint (1966) when he served as theatre critic for the New York Times newspaper.

  • Kauffmann, Sylvie (French journalist)

    Sylvie Kauffmann, French journalist who became the first female to serve as the executive editor of France’s leading daily newspaper, Le Monde (2010–11). Kauffmann earned degrees from the Training Centre for Journalists in Paris, the Institute for Political Studies in Aix-en-Provence, France, and

  • Kaufman, Ada (American author)

    Will Durant and Ariel Durant: …1981, Los Angeles), American husband-and-wife writing collaborators whose Story of Civilization, 11 vol. (1935–75), established them among the best-known writers of popular philosophy and history.

  • Kaufman, Andrew Geoffrey (American comedian, actor, and performance artist)

    Andy Kaufman, American comedian, actor, and performance artist whose groundbreaking and experimental comedic acts made him one of the most influential comics of all time. Kaufman grew up with ambitions to become a performer, stoked in many ways by his passionate fandom of professional wrestling. He

  • Kaufman, Andy (American comedian, actor, and performance artist)

    Andy Kaufman, American comedian, actor, and performance artist whose groundbreaking and experimental comedic acts made him one of the most influential comics of all time. Kaufman grew up with ambitions to become a performer, stoked in many ways by his passionate fandom of professional wrestling. He

  • Kaufman, Bel (American author)

    Bel Kaufman, (Belle Kaufman), American author (born May 10, 1911, Berlin, Ger.—died July 25, 2014, New York, N.Y.), immersed readers in the bureaucratic yet vibrant world of a New York City public school and captured the absurdity and poignancy of urban education in her best-selling epistolary

  • Kaufman, Belle (American author)

    Bel Kaufman, (Belle Kaufman), American author (born May 10, 1911, Berlin, Ger.—died July 25, 2014, New York, N.Y.), immersed readers in the bureaucratic yet vibrant world of a New York City public school and captured the absurdity and poignancy of urban education in her best-selling epistolary

  • Kaufman, Bob (American poet)

    Bob Kaufman, innovative African-American poet who became an important figure of the Beat movement. With a Roman Catholic mother, a German-Jewish father, and a grandmother who believed in voodoo, Kaufman was exposed to a wide variety of religious influences; he eventually adopted Buddhism. At the

  • Kaufman, Boris (Russian-American cinematographer)
  • Kaufman, Charles Stewart (American screenwriter and director)

    Charlie Kaufman, American screenwriter and director known for his offbeat films and ambitious narrative style. Kaufman earned a B.F.A. from the Kanbar Institute of Film and Television at New York University in 1980. Prior to breaking into the film industry, he worked in the circulation department

  • Kaufman, Charlie (American screenwriter and director)

    Charlie Kaufman, American screenwriter and director known for his offbeat films and ambitious narrative style. Kaufman earned a B.F.A. from the Kanbar Institute of Film and Television at New York University in 1980. Prior to breaking into the film industry, he worked in the circulation department

  • Kaufman, Denis Arkadyevich (Soviet director)

    Dziga Vertov, Soviet motion-picture director whose kino-glaz (“film-eye”) theory—that the camera is an instrument, much like the human eye, that is best used to explore the actual happenings of real life—had an international impact on the development of documentaries and cinema realism during the

  • Kaufman, George S. (American playwright and journalist)

    George S. Kaufman, American playwright and journalist, who became the stage director of most of his plays and musical comedies after the mid-1920s. He was the most successful craftsman of the American theatre in the era between World Wars I and II, and many of his plays were Broadway hits. After

  • Kaufman, Ida (American author)

    Will Durant and Ariel Durant: …1981, Los Angeles), American husband-and-wife writing collaborators whose Story of Civilization, 11 vol. (1935–75), established them among the best-known writers of popular philosophy and history.

  • Kaufman, Irving Robert (United States jurist)

    Irving Robert Kaufman, U.S. judge who presided over the celebrated case of Julius and Ethel Rosenberg in 1951 and sentenced them to death in the electric chair after finding them guilty of having conspired to deliver atomic bomb secrets to the Soviet Union; they were the first American civilians to

  • Kaufman, Moisés (Venezuelan-born playwright)

    Moisés Kaufman, Venezuelan-born playwright and director who is best known for perceptive and moving plays often rooted in issues of sexuality. He was cofounder in 1991 of Tectonic Theater Project, a company dedicated to examining the structure and language of theatre as well as addressing

  • Kaufman, Mount (mountain, Central Asia)

    Lenin Peak, highest summit (23,406 feet [7,134 metres]) of the Trans-Alai Range on the frontier of Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan. Once thought to be the highest mountain in what was then the Soviet Union, Lenin Peak was relegated to third place by the discovery in 1932–33 that Stalin Peak (after 1962

  • Kaufman, Philip (American director and screenwriter)

    Philip Kaufman, American film director and screenwriter who was especially known for his adaptations of literary works, notably The Right Stuff (1983) and The Unbearable Lightness of Being (1988). After graduating from the University of Chicago, Kaufman attended Harvard Law School before moving to

  • Kaufman, Robert Garnell (American poet)

    Bob Kaufman, innovative African-American poet who became an important figure of the Beat movement. With a Roman Catholic mother, a German-Jewish father, and a grandmother who believed in voodoo, Kaufman was exposed to a wide variety of religious influences; he eventually adopted Buddhism. At the

  • Kaufman, Seymour (American musician and composer)

    Cy Coleman, (Seymour Kaufman), American jazz pianist and composer (born June 14, 1929, New York, N.Y.—died Nov. 18, 2004, New York City), was at first a classical pianist but then turned to jazz and began partnering with lyricists to write songs. Many of them became popular standards, as did s

  • Kaufman, Terrence (American linguist)

    Mesoamerican Indian languages: Mesoamerican writing systems: …reported by John Justeson and Terrence Kaufman in Science in 1993. The keys to its decipherment were the hypothesis that the text represents a Mixe-Zoquean language; the discovery of La Mojarra stela (1986)—a stela with 465 glyphs in a writing unlike the Mayan, Zapotec, Mixtec, or Aztec scripts, although it…

  • Kaufmann, Angelica (Swiss painter)

    Angelica Kauffmann, painter in the early Neoclassical style who is best known for her decorative wall paintings for residences designed by Robert Adam. The daughter of Johann Joseph Kauffmann, a painter, Angelica was a precocious child and a talented musician and painter by her 12th year. Her early

  • Kaufmann, Edgar J., Sr. (American businessman)

    Fallingwater: Edgar J. Kaufmann, Sr., a department store magnate, and his wife, Liliane, commissioned Wright to design a weekend retreat on the family’s land near the former Bear Run community southeast of Pittsburgh. Kaufmann had been introduced to Wright by his son, Edgar, in 1934, when…

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