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  • Kirst, Hans Hellmut (German writer)

    Hans Hellmut Kirst, West German novelist who wrote more than 40 popular novels, mainly political thrillers and military satires. Kirst served in the German army (1933–45), rising to the rank of first lieutenant during World War II. Disillusioned by his military experiences, he turned to fiction

  • Kirstein, Lincoln (American dance patron, writer, and businessman)

    Lincoln Kirstein, American dance authority, impresario, writer, and businessman who collaborated with George Balanchine to found and direct the various ballet companies that eventually became the world-renowned New York City Ballet (directed by Kirstein from 1948 to 1989). Kirstein also helped

  • Kirstein, Lincoln Edward (American dance patron, writer, and businessman)

    Lincoln Kirstein, American dance authority, impresario, writer, and businessman who collaborated with George Balanchine to found and direct the various ballet companies that eventually became the world-renowned New York City Ballet (directed by Kirstein from 1948 to 1989). Kirstein also helped

  • Kirsten, Dorothy (American opera singer)

    Dorothy Kirsten, American opera singer, a lyric soprano who, in her 30-year career with the Metropolitan Opera in New York City, specialized in title role interpretations of Giacomo Puccini’s operas Manon Lescaut, Tosca, La Bohème, and Madama Butterfly. Kirsten studied at Juilliard in New York City

  • Kirstenbosch (South Africa)

    National Botanic Gardens of South Africa: …a 1,305-acre (528-hectare) site in Kirstenbosch, near Cape Town, Western Cape province, South Africa. The 6,200-species collection consists almost exclusively of Cape plants native to the fynbos (scrubland) and forests of southern Africa. The botanical garden was established in 1913. It includes such beautiful flowering plants as the protea and…

  • Kirstenbosch Botanic Gardens (garden, Kirstenbosch, South Africa)

    National Botanic Gardens of South Africa, one of the world’s largest botanical gardens, occupying a 1,305-acre (528-hectare) site in Kirstenbosch, near Cape Town, Western Cape province, South Africa. The 6,200-species collection consists almost exclusively of Cape plants native to the fynbos

  • Kirszenstein-Szewińska, Irena (Polish athlete)

    Irena Szewińska, Polish sprinter who dominated women’s athletics for nearly two decades. Between 1964 and 1976, she earned seven Olympic medals, tying the record of Australian Shirley Strickland de la Hunty for most medals won by a woman in Olympic athletics competition. An exceptional performer in

  • Kirtan Sohila (Sikh sacred hymns)

    Sikhism: The Adi Granth and the Dasam Granth: Finally, there is the Kirtan Sohila, a group of five hymns sung immediately before retiring for the night. Hymns that are recorded in this liturgical section also appear elsewhere in the Adi Granth.

  • kīrtana (Hindu worship)

    Kīrtana, form of musical worship or group devotion practiced by the Vai??ava sects (followers of the god Vishnu) of Bengal. Kīrtana usually consists of a verse sung by a soloist and then repeated by a chorus, to the accompaniment of percussion instruments. Sometimes the singing gives way to the

  • Kirtanananda Swami (American religious leader)

    Bhaktipada, American religious leader who led the American branch of the Hare Krishna movement before a criminal investigation resulted in his expulsion and subsequent imprisonment. Ham was raised a Baptist. He earned a B.A. (1959) from Maryville College, Maryville, Tennessee, but he failed to

  • Kirtha (Algeria)

    Constantine, city, northeast Algeria. A natural fortress, the city occupies a rocky diamond-shaped plateau that is surrounded, except at the southwest, by a precipitous gorge through the eastern side of which flows the Rhumel River. The plateau is 2,130 feet (650 metres) above sea level and from

  • Kīrthar Range (mountain region, Pakistan)

    Kīrthar Range, hill region in southern Pakistan. It extends southward for about 190 miles (300 km) from the Mūla River in east-central Balochistān to Cape Muāri (Monze) west of Karāchi on the Arabian Sea. The range forms the boundary between the Lower Indus Plain (east) and southern Balochistān

  • Kirtland’s warbler (bird)

    conservation: Fire control: …both possible and essential is Kirtland’s warbler (Dendroica kirtlandii; see woodwarbler). This endangered species nests only in the Upper Peninsula of Michigan, an exceptional case of a bird species with a tiny geographic range well outside the tropics. The bird places its nest in grasses and shrubs below living branches…

  • Kiruna (Sweden)

    Kiruna, city in the l?n (county) of Norrbotten, northern Sweden. It is situated north of the Arctic Circle on the eastern shore of Lake Luossa and between the rich iron-ore Kiruna and Luossa mountains. Kiruna was founded in 1899 with the extension of the railroad from G?llivare, and in 1908 it

  • Kirundi (language)

    Rundi: Regional variations of the Rundi language (also called Kirundi) include Hutu, Tutsi, and Twa, although all are mutually intelligible. Rwanda (also Kinyarwanda), which is spoken in Rwanda, is also understandable to speakers of Rundi. Hundreds of thousands of speakers of Rundi reside in Uganda, Tanzania, and Rwanda, mostly as refugee…

  • Kirvesniemi, Marja-Liisa (Finnish skier)

    Marja-Liisa H?m?l?inen, Finnish Nordic skier who was Finland’s foremost female competitor in the sport. She captured three Olympic gold medals and a bronze at the 1984 Games in Sarajevo, Yugoslavia (now in Bosnia and Herzegovina). She won seven Olympic medals between 1984 and 1994. Tall, with an

  • Kirwan, Danny (British musician)

    Fleetwood Mac: Later members included Danny Kirwan (b. May 13, 1950, London—d. June 8, 2018, London), Christine McVie (original name Christine Perfect; b. July 12, 1943, Birmingham, West Midlands, England), Bob Welch (b. August 31, 1945, Los Angeles, California, U.S.—d. June 7, 2012, Nashville, Tennessee), Stevie Nicks (b. May 26,…

  • Kirwan, Richard (Irish chemist)

    Richard Kirwan, Irish chemist known for his contributions in several areas of science. Kirwan, who was born a Roman Catholic, attended the University of Poitiers in France from about 1750 to 1754. He entered the Jesuit novitiate at Saint-Omer, France, that same year; but, when his elder brother

  • Kiryat Ben-Gurion (district, Jerusalem)

    Jerusalem: Government: …other ministries are concentrated in Kiryat Ben-Gurion, the government complex, which is flanked by the Knesset Building on one side and the Bank of Israel on the other. The Ministry of Justice, the National Police Headquarters, and certain other government offices are located in east Jerusalem. In addition to the…

  • Kiryū (Japan)

    Kiryū, city, southeastern Gumma ken (prefecture), central Honshu, Japan. It lies on the northern edge of the Kantō Plain, northwest of Tokyo and about 15 miles (24 km) east of Maebashi, the prefectural capital. In the 17th century fine Kiryū silks were worn by samurai and court nobles. In the 20th

  • Kirzner, Israel (American economist)

    economics: Other schools and fields of economics: …Mises and Hayek, American economist Israel Kirzner developed this line of thinking into a unique Austrian theory of entrepreneurship (involving spontaneous learning and decision making at the individual level) that emphasized a tendency toward economic equilibrium.

  • Kis-Alf?ld (basin, Europe)

    Little Alfold, extensive basin occupying the northwestern part of Transdanubia in northwestern Hungary, and extending into Austria and Slovakia (where it is called Podunajská Lowland). It has an area of approximately 3,000 square miles (8,000 square km). It is bounded on the south and east by the

  • Kisabengo (African leader)

    Luguru: …slaves by a man named Kisabengo, who founded a fortified village where caravans stopped for supplies and obtained porters; first called Simbamwene, this became the town of Morogoro, which is an important trade centre in modern Tanzania.

  • kisaeng (Korean entertainer)

    mudang: …mudang after proper training or kisaeng, waitresses at Korean drinking houses. Sons of hereditary shamans usually became singers of p’ansori, the one-man opera of Korea, or musicians accompanying shamanistic rituals.

  • K?sakürek, Necip Faz?l (Turkish writer)

    Turkish literature: Modern Turkish literature: …simplified and modernist literary form, Necip Faz?l K?sakürek, who taught literature in Turkey at the University of Ankara, turned his critique of the alienation of the individual in modern society into a conservative Islamist political message. Collections of his poetry include Sonsuzluk kervan? (1955; “The Caravan of Eternity”) and ?iirlerim…

  • Kisale, Lake (lake, Democratic Republic of the Congo)

    Lake Kisale, expansion of the Lualaba River on the Katanga (Shaba) plateau of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Lake Kisale, situated north of Lake Upemba, is 10 miles (16 km) long and 12 miles (19 km) wide and is swampy and overgrown with papyrus. The southern and southeastern shores are part

  • Kisangani (Democratic Republic of the Congo)

    Kisangani, city, northeastern Democratic Republic of the Congo. The city lies along the Congo River, just below the Boyoma (formerly Stanley) Falls. It is the country’s major inland port after Kinshasa. The Boyoma Falls, consisting of seven cataracts, impede river navigation above Kisangani for

  • Kisarazu (Japan)

    Kisarazu, city, southwest-central Chiba ken (prefecture), Honshu, Japan. It lies in the delta of the Obitsu River, on the west coast of the Bōsō Peninsula and on the east coast of Tokyo Bay, about 20 miles (32 km) southeast of Tokyo. Kisarazu prospered as an early regional commercial and post town.

  • Kisel’ovsk (Russia)

    Kiselyovsk, city, Kemerovo oblast (region), central Russia. It developed in the 1930s as an industrial and coal-mining centre. Much of the coal is used for coking. Kiselyovsk’s engineering industries produce drilling equipment and trucks and mechanical horses for underground coal trains. Pop. (2006

  • Kiselev, Pavel Dmitriyevich (Russian statesman)

    Pavel Dmitriyevich Kiselyov, Russian general, statesman, and progressive administrator during the reign of Tsar Nicholas I (1825–55). Kiselyov fought in the war against Napoleon in 1812 and in 1814 became an aide-de-camp to Alexander I, after which his rise was rapid. He served as chief of staff of

  • Kiselevsk (Russia)

    Kiselyovsk, city, Kemerovo oblast (region), central Russia. It developed in the 1930s as an industrial and coal-mining centre. Much of the coal is used for coking. Kiselyovsk’s engineering industries produce drilling equipment and trucks and mechanical horses for underground coal trains. Pop. (2006

  • Kiselyov, Pavel Dmitriyevich (Russian statesman)

    Pavel Dmitriyevich Kiselyov, Russian general, statesman, and progressive administrator during the reign of Tsar Nicholas I (1825–55). Kiselyov fought in the war against Napoleon in 1812 and in 1814 became an aide-de-camp to Alexander I, after which his rise was rapid. He served as chief of staff of

  • Kiselyovsk (Russia)

    Kiselyovsk, city, Kemerovo oblast (region), central Russia. It developed in the 1930s as an industrial and coal-mining centre. Much of the coal is used for coking. Kiselyovsk’s engineering industries produce drilling equipment and trucks and mechanical horses for underground coal trains. Pop. (2006

  • Kisfaludy, Károly (Hungarian author)

    Károly Kisfaludy, Romantic dramatist, the first Hungarian playwright to achieve considerable popular success. Kisfaludy left school at 16 to become a soldier and fought in the Napoleonic Wars. In 1811, while leading a precarious existence as a painter in Vienna, he tried his hand at a historical

  • Kisfaludy, Sándor (Hungarian writer)

    Hungarian literature: The period of the Enlightenment: The place of Sándor Kisfaludy in Hungarian literature is secured by his first work, Keserg? szerelem (1801; “Bitter Love”), a lyric cycle depending on a very thin narrative thread. Writing in an elaborate verse form of 12 lines, called the Himfy verse, which he devised himself, Kisfaludy displayed…

  • Kish (ancient city, Iraq)

    Kish, ancient Mesopotamian city-state located east of Babylon in what is now south-central Iraq. According to ancient Sumerian sources it was the seat of the first postdiluvian dynasty; most scholars believe that the dynasty was at least partly historical. A king of Kish, Mesilim, is known to have

  • Kishan Singh (Rajput ruler)

    Kishangarh: …was founded in 1611 by Kishan Singh, a Rajput (one of the warrior rulers of the historical region of Rajputana). It subsequently served as the capital of the princely state of Kishangarh. The princely state came under British dominance by a treaty concluded in 1818 and became part of the…

  • Kishangarh (India)

    Kishangarh, city, central Rajasthan state, northwestern India. It is situated in an upland region about 50 miles (80 km) southwest of Jaipur on the banks of Lake Gundalao. The city, with its fort and palace, was founded in 1611 by Kishan Singh, a Rajput (one of the warrior rulers of the historical

  • Kishangarh painting (Indian art)

    Kishangarh painting, 18th-century school of the Rājasthanī style of Indian painting that arose in the princely state of Kishangarh (central Rājasthān state). The school is clearly distinguished by its individualistic facial type and its religious intensity. The sensitive, refined features of the

  • Kishar (Mesopotamian mythology)

    Anshar and Kishar: Kishar, in Mesopotamian mythology, the male and female principles, the twin horizons of sky and earth. Their parents were either Apsu (the watery deep beneath the earth) and Tiamat (the personification of salt water) or Lahmu and Lahamu, the first set of twins born to…

  • Kishengarh (India)

    Kishangarh, city, central Rajasthan state, northwestern India. It is situated in an upland region about 50 miles (80 km) southwest of Jaipur on the banks of Lake Gundalao. The city, with its fort and palace, was founded in 1611 by Kishan Singh, a Rajput (one of the warrior rulers of the historical

  • Kishi Nobusuke (prime minister of Japan)

    Kishi Nobusuke, statesman whose term as prime minister of Japan (1957–60) was marked by a turbulent opposition campaign against a new U.S.–Japan security treaty agreed to by his government. Born Satō Nobusuke, an older brother of future prime minister Satō Eisaku, he was adopted by a paternal

  • Kishi-mojin (Buddhist character)

    Hārītī, in Buddhist mythology, a child-devouring ogress who is said to have been converted from her cannibalistic habits by the Buddha to become a protectress of children. He hid the youngest of her own 500 children under his begging bowl, and thus made her realize the sorrow she was causing o

  • Kishida Kunio (Japanese author)

    Japanese literature: The modern drama: …truly modern playwright was probably Kishida Kunio, whose plays, with their contemporary settings, do not depend for their effects on elaborate scenery, music, or histrionics. Kishida was handicapped by the scarcity of actors capable of performing roles that gave them little opportunity for a grandiose display of emotions. Not until…

  • Kishida Ryūsei (Japanese artist)

    Japanese art: Western-style painting: The paintings of Kishida Ryūsei exemplify the extensive assimilation of sympathetic European moods into a Japanese mode. Kishida was a devoted follower of the Dutch painter Vincent van Gogh and later of artists of the Northern Renaissance such as Albrecht Dürer and Jan van Eyck. Reiko with a…

  • Kishidanchō goroshi (novel by Murakami)

    Haruki Murakami: …14th novel, Kishidanchō goroshi (2017; Killing Commendatore), about a painter in the midst of marital difficulties whose life takes a bizarre turn after he moves into the house of another artist.

  • Kishinev (national capital, Moldova)

    Chi?in?u, city and capital of Moldova (Moldavia). It is situated along the Bacu (Byk) River, in the south-central part of the country. The first documentary reference to Chi?in?u dates from 1466, when it was under the rule of the Moldavian prince ?tefan III. After ?tefan’s death the city fell under

  • Kishinyov (national capital, Moldova)

    Chi?in?u, city and capital of Moldova (Moldavia). It is situated along the Bacu (Byk) River, in the south-central part of the country. The first documentary reference to Chi?in?u dates from 1466, when it was under the rule of the Moldavian prince ?tefan III. After ?tefan’s death the city fell under

  • Kishiwada (Japan)

    Kishiwada, city, southwestern ōsaka fu (urban prefecture), west-central Honshu, Japan. It is situated on the southeastern coast of ōsaka Bay, about 15 miles (24 km) southwest of ōsaka. The city developed around the castle founded by the Wada family in the 14th century. It passed into the possession

  • Kishon Port (harbour, Israel)

    Qishon River: The Kishon Port (so spelled by the Israel Ports Authority) has a cargo wharf 2,100 feet (640 m) long, enclosing a protected basin with depths from about 21 to 26 feet. It is the main base of Israel’s coastal and deep-sea fishing fleet. The Israel Shipyards…

  • Kishon River (river, Israel)

    Qishon River, stream, northern Israel, one of the country’s few perennial rivers. It is formed by small streams and seasonal watercourses (wadis), which rise chiefly in the Hare (Mountains of) Gilboa? to the south and west and the Nazareth Hills of Lower Galilee to the north. From the river’s

  • Kishon, Ephraim (Israeli author)

    Ephraim Kishon, (Ferenc Hoffmann), Hungarian-born Israeli satirist (born Aug. 23, 1924, Budapest, Hung.—died Jan. 29, 2005, Appenzell, Switz.), after surviving the Holocaust and immigrating to Israel, wrote prolifically and gained a large and appreciative audience, notably in Israel and Germany. K

  • Kishorganj (Bangladesh)

    Kishorganj, town, east-central Bangladesh. It lies along the Kundali Khal River, which is navigable during the rainy monsoon season. Formerly noted for muslin manufacture, it was the site of a factory (trading post) of the British East India Company. Kishorganj was constituted a municipality in

  • Kisi (people)

    Kisi, group of some 120,000 people inhabiting a belt of hills covered by wooded savannas where Guinea, Sierra Leone, and Liberia meet; they speak a language of the Atlantic branch of the Niger-Congo family. Rice, cultivated in marshes, is the staple of the Kisi diet; other foods include yams,

  • Kisielewski, Stefan (Polish author)

    Polish literature: New trends in poetry and drama: …many, including Pawe? Jasienica and Stefan Kisielewski, were temporarily blacklisted for their political views. Jasienica published a series of historical studies emphasizing Poland’s liberal traditions, while Kisielewski used his magazine column to strongly criticize the political system. In the 1970s and early 1980s, social tensions, political upheavals, and economic crises…

  • Kisii (people)

    Gusii, a Bantu-speaking people who inhabit hills of western Kenya in an area between Lake Victoria and the Tanzanian border. The Gusii probably came to their present highlands from the Mount Elgon region some 500 years ago. The Gusii economy comprises a multiplicity of productive activities: they

  • Kisin (Mayan god)

    Cizin, (Mayan: “Stinking One”), Mayan earthquake god and god of death, ruler of the subterranean land of the dead. He may possibly have been one aspect of a malevolent underworld deity who manifested himself under several names and guises (e.g., Ah Puch, Xibalba, and Yum Cimil). In pre-Conquest c

  • Ki?in’ov (national capital, Moldova)

    Chi?in?u, city and capital of Moldova (Moldavia). It is situated along the Bacu (Byk) River, in the south-central part of the country. The first documentary reference to Chi?in?u dates from 1466, when it was under the rule of the Moldavian prince ?tefan III. After ?tefan’s death the city fell under

  • Kiska (island, Alaska, United States)

    Rat Islands: …of the islands are Amchitka, Kiska, and Semisopochnoi. Separated from the Andreanof Islands by Amchitka Pass, one of the main navigational lines through the Aleutian Islands, the Rat Islands are part of the extensive Alaska Maritime National Wildlife Refuge. Kiska Island was occupied by the Japanese during World War II.…

  • Kiska, Andrej (president of Slovakia)

    Slovakia: History: …chose entrepreneur and first-time politician Andrej Kiska to fill the largely ceremonial role.

  • Kiskadden, Maude (American actress)

    Maude Adams, American actress, best known for her portrayals of Sir James Barrie’s heroines. Her mother, whose maiden name she adopted, was leading lady of the Salt Lake City stock company. From Adams’s first triumph, at the age of five as Little Schneider in Fritz at the San Francisco Theatre, she

  • kiskadee (bird)

    Kiskadee, (genus Pitangus), either of two similar New World bird species of flycatchers (family Tyrannidae, order Passeriformes), named for the call of the great kiskadee, or derby flycatcher (P. sulphuratus). The great kiskadee is reddish brown on the back, wings, and tail. The throat is white,

  • Kiskunfélegyháza (Hungary)

    Kiskunfélegyháza, city, Bács-Kiskun megye (county), central Hungary. It is in the region between the Danube and the Tisza rivers, formerly known as Kiskunság (Little Kumania, from the immigrant Cuman [Hungarian: Kun] settlements of the 14th century), of which it was the capital. Little Kumania

  • Kiskunság (region, Hungary)

    Kiskunfélegyháza: …Tisza rivers, formerly known as Kiskunság (Little Kumania, from the immigrant Cuman [Hungarian: Kun] settlements of the 14th century), of which it was the capital. Little Kumania enjoyed considerable local autonomy before an administrative reorganization in 1876. The region is still an important agricultural centre (grain, tobacco, fruit, and wine)…

  • Kislev (Jewish month)

    Judaism: Lunisolar structure: …each (except for ?eshvan and Kislev, which sometimes have either 29 or 30 days) and totals 353, 354, or 355 days per year. The average lunar year (354 days) is adjusted to the solar year (36514 days) by the periodic introduction of leap years in order to assure that the…

  • Kislovodsk (Russia)

    Kislovodsk, city, Stavropol kray (territory), southwestern Russia. It lies along the Podkumok River in the Caucasus foothills just southwest of Pyatigorsk. Founded in 1803 as a spa based on abundant local mineral springs, Kislovodsk has become one of the largest health resorts in Russia, with seven

  • Kislyak, Sergey (Russian diplomat)

    Jeff Sessions: …met with the Russian ambassador, Sergey Kislyak, during the campaign. Shortly thereafter Sessions recused himself from the Russia inquiry. In May, however, he recommended that FBI Director James Comey, who was overseeing the investigation, be dismissed, stating in a letter to Trump that the FBI leadership needed “a fresh start”;…

  • Kismaayo (Somalia)

    Kismaayo, seaport, southern Somalia. It lies along the Indian Ocean near the mouth of the Jubba River. Founded in 1872 by the sultan of Zanzibar, the town was taken by the British in 1887; it later became a part of Jubaland and was within Italian Somaliland (1927–41). In the 1960s its harbour

  • Kismayu (Somalia)

    Kismaayo, seaport, southern Somalia. It lies along the Indian Ocean near the mouth of the Jubba River. Founded in 1872 by the sultan of Zanzibar, the town was taken by the British in 1887; it later became a part of Jubaland and was within Italian Somaliland (1927–41). In the 1960s its harbour

  • Kismet (film by Minnelli [1955])

    Vincente Minnelli: Films of the later 1950s: Lust for Life, Gigi, and Some Came Running: Kismet (1955) followed; it was based on a Broadway musical with a fantasy Arabian setting. After Brigadoon, Minnelli needed strong persuasion by Freed and MGM production head Dore Schary before agreeing to direct the project. Howard Keel, Ann Blyth, Dolores Gray, and Vic Damone headed…

  • Kismet (film by Dieterle [1942])

    William Dieterle: Middle years: …two years later he helmed Kismet, which was perhaps best remembered for Marlene Dietrich, who appeared in a dance sequence that required several changes to comply with the Production Code.

  • Kisra (legendary African figure)

    western Africa: The wider influence of the Sudanic kingdoms: …of legends—such as that of Kisra, a character derived from the Sāsānian conqueror of Egypt, Khosrow II, who is supposed to have migrated southwestward from the Nile valley founding various kingdoms—suggests that state-building invaders also proceeded south of Borgu and Hausaland through Nupe, Jukun, Igala, Yoruba, and Benin territory (all…

  • Kiss (American rock band)

    Alice Cooper: …Ezrin (who later worked with Kiss, a band much influenced by Alice Cooper’s music and presentation, as were the New York Dolls), they crafted a clear, powerful, guitar-heavy sound on such youth anthems as “I’m Eighteen” and “School’s Out.” Makeup-wearing vocalist Cooper, whose identity soon eclipsed the band’s, formed a…

  • Kiss (song by Prince)

    Tom Jones: …of Prince’s famous song “Kiss,” which Jones then recorded with the techno-pop band the Art of Noise. That song introduced Jones to a new audience and opened new avenues for his career. His 1994 album The Lead and How to Swing It, a pop-dance album, was well received and…

  • kiss

    Kiss, a touch or caress of the lips upon the lips, cheek, hand, or feet of another to signify affection, greeting, reverence, or sexual attraction. Kissing as a form of greeting or salutation has a long history in Western civilization, with references dating back to the Old Testament, the ancient

  • Kiss Me Deadly (film by Aldrich [1955])

    Robert Aldrich: Early work: …prepared critics and moviegoers for Kiss Me Deadly (1955), one of the great film noirs and perhaps the genre’s grittiest. Aldrich’s genius was taking something that had already gone too far—Mickey Spillane’s best-selling paperback mystery—and exaggerating it even further, with Ralph Meeker well cast as the ruthless private eye Mike…

  • Kiss Me Goodbye (film by Mulligan [1982])

    Robert Mulligan: Kiss Me Goodbye (1982), however, was a dull romance about a widow (Sally Field) whose relationship with a professor (Jeff Bridges) is threatened when the ghost of her first husband (James Caan) appears. Not much better was Clara’s Heart (1988), an overly sentimental drama with…

  • Kiss Me Kate (film by Sidney [1953])

    George Sidney: Annie Get Your Gun, Kiss Me Kate, and Show Boat: The 1953 Kiss Me Kate was an inventive filming of the stage hit that was based on the Shakespeare play The Taming of the Shrew. It featured an acclaimed Cole Porter score, and the cast included Grayson, Keel, Ann Miller, and Keenan Wynn. After the disappointing Jupiter’s…

  • Kiss Me, Deadly (novel by Spillane)

    Mickey Spillane: Kiss Me, Deadly (1952) was made into a highly successful movie (1955). In the early 1950s Spillane retired from writing after he became a Jehovah’s Witness. Ten years later he resumed his career with The Deep (1961).

  • Kiss Me, Stupid (film by Wilder [1964])

    Billy Wilder: Films of the 1960s: >Kiss Me, Stupid (1964) was reviled by contemporary critics, condemned by the Legion of Decency, and failed at the box-office. Although film historians have had a more mixed response, Kiss Me, Stupid is generally thought to represent the nadir of Wilder’s career. Ray Walston played…

  • Kiss of Death (film by Hathaway [1947])

    Kiss of Death, American film noir, released in 1947, that is especially noted for the chilling performance by Richard Widmark in his screen debut. Nick Bianco (played by Victor Mature) decides to testify against his former mob cronies in order to win release from prison and be reunited with his

  • Kiss of the Spider Woman (novel by Puig)

    Kiss of the Spider Woman, novel by Manuel Puig, published in 1976 as El beso de la mujer ara?a. Mostly consisting of dialogue between two men in an Argentine jail cell, the novel traces the development of their unlikely friendship. Molina is a middle-aged lower-middle-class gay man who passes the

  • Kiss of the Spider Woman (film by Babenco [1985])

    Hector Babenco: Babenco’s first American feature was Kiss of the Spider Woman (1985), a quirky near-surreal comic drama about a theatrically gay man (played by William Hurt) jailed for sexual offenses and a political prisoner (Raul Julia) who share an Argentine jail cell. The film earned Academy Award nominations for best picture…

  • Kiss the Blood Off My Hands (film by Foster [1948])

    Norman Foster: …Mitchum, and the bleak noir Kiss the Blood off My Hands, starring Burt Lancaster and Joan Fontaine. Tell It to the Judge (1949) and Father Is a Bachelor (1950) were light romantic comedies, but Woman on the Run (1950) was a proficient thriller starring Ann Sheridan and Dennis O’Keefe, and…

  • Kiss the Girls (novel by Patterson)

    James Patterson: …a dozen other sequels, including Kiss the Girls (1995; film 1997), Mary, Mary (2005), Cross (2006; film 2012), Kill Alex Cross (2011), Alex Cross, Run (2013), Cross the Line (2016), and Target: Alex Cross (2018).

  • Kiss to the Leper, The (work by Mauriac)

    Fran?ois Mauriac: Le Baiser au lépreux (1922; The Kiss to the Leper) established Mauriac as a major novelist. Mauriac showed increasing mastery in Le Désert de l’amour (1925; The Desert of Love) and in Thérèse Desqueyroux (1927; Thérèse), whose heroine is driven to attempt the murder of her husband to escape her…

  • Kiss, Kiss (work by Dahl)

    Roald Dahl: …adults, which was followed by Kiss, Kiss (1959), which focused on stormy romantic relationships.

  • Kiss, The (American film, 1896)

    May Irwin: …Rice, shared a prolonged kiss; The Kiss (1896), one of the earliest commercially distributed films, was denounced from pulpits across the country. In Courted into Court (1896), she sang “Mister Johnson, Turn Me Loose” and introduced “A Hot Time in the Old Town.”

  • Kiss, The (painting by Munch)

    Edvard Munch: Paintings of love and death: Love’s blossoming is shown in The Kiss (1892), in which a man and woman are locked in a tender and passionate embrace, their bodies merging into a single undulating form and their faces melting so completely into each other that neither retains any individual features. An especially powerful image of…

  • Kiss, The (painting by Klimt)

    Gustav Klimt: Klimt’s most successful works include The Kiss (1908–09) and a series of portraits of fashionable Viennese matrons, such as Fritza Riedler (1906) and Adele Bloch-Bauer I (1907). In these works he treats the human figure without shadow and heightens the lush sensuality of skin by surrounding it with areas of…

  • Kiss, The (sculpture by Rodin)

    Auguste Rodin: Toward the achievement of his art: …sensuous of these groups was The Kiss, sometimes considered his masterpiece. The work, originally conceived as the figures of Paolo and Francesca for The Gates of Hell, was first exhibited in 1887 and exposed him to numerous scandals.

  • Kiss, The (sculpture by Brancusi)

    Western sculpture: Avant-garde sculpture (1909–20): His “Kiss” (1908), with its two blocklike figures joined in symbolic embrace, has a concentration of expression comparable to that of primitive art but lacking its spiritualistic power. In this and subsequent works Brancusi favoured hard materials and surfaces as well as self-enclosed volumes that often…

  • kissa (poetry)

    Punjabi literature: …the Gurus”) and Sufi poetry, qissas (kissas)—epic poems celebrating the lovers and heroes who are the subjects of folk tales—are an important part of Punjabi literature. The most significant of those were the story of Heer and Ranjha by Waris Shah (1725–95) and that of Sassi and Sohni by Hashim…

  • kissanga (musical instrument)

    Pluriarc, west African stringed musical instrument having a deep boxlike body from which project between two and eight slender, curved arms; one string runs from the end of each arm to a string holder on the belly. The strings are plucked, usually by the fingers, occasionally by plectra attached t

  • Kissavos (mountain, Greece)

    Ossa, mountain massif, nomós (department) of Lárissa (Modern Greek: Lárisa), eastern Thessaly (Thessalía), Greece. It lies on the Gulf of Thérmai (Therma?kós) and is separated on the north from the Olympus (ólympos) massif by the Vale of Tempe (Témbi). Rising from a broad, steep-sided plateau to a

  • Kíssavos (mountain, Greece)

    Ossa, mountain massif, nomós (department) of Lárissa (Modern Greek: Lárisa), eastern Thessaly (Thessalía), Greece. It lies on the Gulf of Thérmai (Therma?kós) and is separated on the north from the Olympus (ólympos) massif by the Vale of Tempe (Témbi). Rising from a broad, steep-sided plateau to a

  • Kisses for My President (film by Bernhardt [1964])

    Curtis Bernhardt: 1950s and ’60s: Kisses for My President (1964) was his last film, an overlong but occasionally funny yarn about a woman (Polly Bergen) who is the first to become a U.S. president and her struggles with the office and her family, especially her husband (Fred MacMurray). Although not…

  • Kissi (people)

    Kisi, group of some 120,000 people inhabiting a belt of hills covered by wooded savannas where Guinea, Sierra Leone, and Liberia meet; they speak a language of the Atlantic branch of the Niger-Congo family. Rice, cultivated in marshes, is the staple of the Kisi diet; other foods include yams,

  • Kissidougou (Guinea)

    Kissidougou, town and administrative capital of Kissidougou region, southeastern Guinea, West Africa. It is located at the intersection of roads from Faranah, Guéckédou, and Kankan. The town was founded in the 1890s as a French outpost in the campaigns against Samory Touré, the Malinke

  • Kissimmee River (river, Florida, United States)

    Kissimmee River, river in central Florida, U.S., flowing between Lakes Kissimmee (north) and Okeechobee (south). It originally had a course of about 100 miles (160 km), but in the 1960s it was canalized for flood-control purposes to a 56-mile (90-km) length. The river basin drains approximately

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