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  • Kaiser, Georg (German dramatist)

    Georg Kaiser, leading German Expressionist dramatist. Kaiser’s father was a merchant, and he apprenticed in the same trade. He went to Argentina as a clerk but contracted malaria and was forced to return to Germany. During a long convalescence he wrote his first plays, mainly satirical comedies

  • Kaiser, Henry J. (American industrialist)

    Henry J. Kaiser, American industrialist and founder of more than 100 companies including Kaiser Aluminum, Kaiser Steel, and Kaiser Cement and Gypsum. In 1913 Kaiser was working for a gravel and cement dealer in Washington when one of his clients, a Canadian road-building company, went out of

  • Kaiser, Henry John (American industrialist)

    Henry J. Kaiser, American industrialist and founder of more than 100 companies including Kaiser Aluminum, Kaiser Steel, and Kaiser Cement and Gypsum. In 1913 Kaiser was working for a gravel and cement dealer in Washington when one of his clients, a Canadian road-building company, went out of

  • Kaiser, Ray Bernice Alexandria (American designer)

    Charles Eames and Ray Eames: …met and began working with Ray Kaiser, who was then studying painting with Hans Hofmann; Eames and Kaiser were married in 1941.

  • Kaiser-Frazer Corporation (American corporation)

    automotive industry: The industry in the United States: The most promising, Kaiser-Frazer Corporation, lasted some 10 years but lacked the financial, technical, and sales resources to compete when the automobile market returned to normal. By the mid 1950s Kaiser-Frazer had stopped producing everything but Willys Jeeps, an operation that it had acquired by buying Willys-Overland. The…

  • Kaiser-Hill Company (American company)

    Rocky Flats: …1995 the DOE contracted the Kaiser-Hill Company to undertake an accelerated cleanup at a cost of $7.3 billion. However, the project did not aim to return the site to background concentrations of plutonium. Whether the remaining contamination constitutes a significant risk to public health is a matter of dispute.

  • Kaiser-Wilhelm Canal (canal, Germany)

    Kiel Canal, waterway in northern Germany, extending eastward for 98 km (61 miles) from Brunsbüttelkoog (on the North Sea, at the mouth of the Elbe River) to Holtenau (at Kiel Harbour on the Baltic Sea). The canal has been enlarged twice and is today 160 metres (526 feet) wide and 11 metres (37

  • Kaiser-Wilhelm Gesellschaft (organization, Munich, Germany)

    Max Planck Society for the Advancement of Science, official scientific research organization of Germany. It is headquartered in Munich. It was founded in 1911 as the Kaiser Wilhelm Society (Kaiser-Wilhelm Gesellschaft), but its name was changed in 1948 to honour the great German physicist Max

  • Kaiser-Wilhelm-Ged?chtniskirche (church, Berlin, Germany)

    Egon Eiermann: …most popular work is the Kaiser Wilhelm Memorial Church (1956–63), a symbol of postwar Berlin. Originally, a Romanesque revival building constructed in 1891–95 stood on the site, but a World War II bombing raid destroyed much of the building. Eiermann incorporated the remnants of the bell tower into his modern…

  • Kaiserin Augusta (river, New Guinea)

    Sepik River, one of the largest rivers on the island of New Guinea, southwestern Pacific Ocean. It rises in the Victor Emanuel Range of the central highlands of Papua New Guinea, near Telefomin. The Sepik flows northwestward (crossing just over the border into the Indonesian portion of the island)

  • Kaiserin Friedrich (wife of Frederick III of Prussia)

    Victoria, consort of the emperor Frederick III of Germany and eldest child of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert of Great Britain. Well-educated and multilingual from childhood (spent largely at Windsor and Buckingham Palace), Victoria remained all her life strongly devoted to England and, even after

  • Kaiserreich, Das (work by Mann)

    Heinrich Mann: His Kaiserreich trilogy—consisting of Die Armen (1917; The Poor); Der Untertan (1918; The Patrioteer); and Der Kopf (1925; The Chief)—carries even further his indictment of the social types produced by the authoritarian state. These novels were accompanied by essays attacking the arrogance of authority and the…

  • Kaiserslautern (Germany)

    Kaiserslautern, city, Rhineland-Palatinate Land (state), southwestern Germany. It lies between the Haardt Mountains (Pf?lzer Wald) and the Saar-Nahe-Bergland (Nordpf?lzer Bergland), northeast of Saarbrücken. It is surrounded by the Pf?lzer Wald Nature Park. A royal residence existed there in the

  • kaishakunin (Japanese history)

    seppuku: …him stood a second (kaishakunin), usually a relative or friend, with sword drawn. A small table bearing a short sword was placed in front of the prisoner. A moment after he stabbed himself, the second struck off his head. It was also common practice for the second to decapitate…

  • Kaishan Shengwang (Chinese pirate)

    Zheng Chenggong, pirate leader of Ming forces against the Manchu conquerors of China, best known for establishing Chinese control over Taiwan. Zheng Chenggong was born in a small Japanese coastal town to a Japanese mother and a Chinese father, Zheng Zhilong, a maritime adventurer who made a fortune

  • Kaisheim Altar (work by Holbein the Elder)

    Hans Holbein, the Elder: …phase that includes also the Kaisheim Altar (1502; Munich) and the Basilica of St. Paul (c. 1503–04; Augsburg). These paintings have much greater depth than before, with a freer grouping of highly individualized figures—often portraits—in rather lively movement. It has been suggested that this new manner was perhaps inspired by…

  • Kaishintō (political party, Japan)

    Kaishintō, a leading Japanese political party from its founding in 1882 by the democratic leader ōkuma Shigenobu until its merger with several smaller parties in 1896. It generally represented the urban elite of intellectuals, industrialists, and merchants. Its platform, like that of its main

  • kaishu (Chinese script)

    Kaishu, (Chinese: “regular script”) in Chinese calligraphy, a stylization of chancery script developed during the period of the Three Kingdoms and Western Jin (220–316/317) that simplified the lishu script into a more fluent and easily written form. Characterized by clear-cut corners and straight

  • Kaitai shinsho (Japanese translation)

    Japan: Western studies: …publication, in 1774, of the Kaitai shinsho (“New Book of Anatomy”), a translation by Sugita Gempaku and others of an anatomical book imported from the Netherlands. Thereafter, Western studies became increasingly dynamic, focusing primarily on medicine. But as the systemic crisis grew more severe, many scholars of Western studies began…

  • Kaitaia (New Zealand)

    Kaitaia, town, northern North Island, New Zealand. It lies 4.5 miles (7 km) above the mouth of the Awanui River, on the North Auckland Peninsula. In 1833 W.G. Puckey of the Church Missionary Society established a station there. The settlement that grew up was made a town in 1922. Kaitaia derives

  • Kaitangata (New Zealand)

    Kaitangata, town, southeastern South Island, New Zealand. It lies 4 miles (6 km) above the mouth of the Matau River, a branch of the Clutha River. First settled in 1855, it was linked to the main railway line at Stirling (4 miles [6 km] north) in 1876. It became a town district in 1882. The name

  • Kaithal (India)

    Kaithal, city, north-central Haryana state, northwestern India. It lies about 35 miles (55 km) west-northwest of Karnal. Kaithal is said to have been founded by Yudhisthira, a Pandava king in the ancient epic poem Mahabharata, and it was later a Muslim cultural centre. Of historical interest are

  • Kaitoku-dō (school, ōsaka, Japan)

    Japan: Heterodox Confucian schools: Among such schools, the Kaitoku-dō in ōsaka became famous as the “townspeople’s university.” This school was founded cooperatively by Confucian scholars and wealthy merchants in 1724, and samurai and merchants sat together to hear lectures. Perhaps the best-known and most unique thinker to come out of the school was…

  • Kaitorete Spit (rock formation, South Island, New Zealand)

    Lake Ellesmere: …from the Pacific by the Kaitorete Spit, a gravel formation created by materials eroded from the Canterbury Plain and carried north by shore currents. There is no natural channel through the spit, but, to prevent rising waters from inundating market-gardening areas on reclaimed sections of the swampy shore, an opening…

  • Kaituma River (river, Guyana)

    Guyana: Transportation: …with Port Kaituma on the Kaituma River, and another transports bauxite between Ituni and Linden. Privately owned minibuses play an important role in transporting passengers and goods to and from Georgetown.

  • kaivalya (Hinduism)

    Kaivalya, (Sanskrit: “separateness”) in the Samkhya school of Hinduism, a state of liberation (moksha: literally, “release”) that the consciousness of an individual (purusha: “self” or “soul”) achieves by realizing that it is separate from matter (prakriti). The Samkhya school posits a dualistic

  • Kaiyuan (China)

    Kaiyuan, city, southern Yunnan sheng (province), southwestern China. It was established in 1276 as Amizhou prefecture during the Yuan dynasty (1206–1368). In 1913 it was made a county under the same name. It was renamed Kaiyuan in 1931 and has been a county-level city since 1981. Kaiyuan is the

  • kaizen (manufacturing)

    Total Quality Control: The concept of kaizen, the notion that improvement must involve all members of a company, is central to TQC. See also production management.

  • Kaizuku Amazons (Japanese volleyball team)
  • Kajanus, Robert (Finnish conductor and composer)

    Robert Kajanus, Finnish conductor and composer who championed Finnish national music. Kajanus studied music in Helsinki, Leipzig, and Paris. In 1882 he founded the Helsinki Orchestral Society, the first complete symphony orchestra in Finland; in 1914 it united with the state’s symphony orchestra.

  • Kaji Tsunekichi (Japanese artist)

    enamelwork: Japan: …further development of importance until Kaji Tsunekichi (1803–83) and his pupils established in Nagoya a successful manufacture of cloisonné, which obtained a considerable vogue, especially among foreigners.

  • Kajikawa family (Japanese craftsmen)

    Kajikawa Family, Japanese lacquerware artists whose school in Edo (now Tokyo) flourished for more than 200 years. Kyūjirō (also called Kijirō) is generally acknowledged as the founder of the family and the inaugurator of its traditions. He excelled in designing particularly delicate lacquer inrō,

  • Kajita Takaaki (Japanese physicist)

    Kajita Takaaki, Japanese physicist who was awarded the 2015 Nobel Prize in Physics for discovering the oscillations of neutrinos from one flavour to another, which proved that those subatomic particles have mass. He shared the prize with Canadian physicist Arthur B. McDonald. Kajita received a

  • Kajkavian (language)

    Serbo-Croatian language: Groupings, geography, and religion: …has three main groups, named Kajkavian, Chakavian, and Shtokavian after the pronoun meaning “what” (kaj, ?a, and ?to or ?ta, respectively), though the three dialects also differ in vowels, consonants, word forms, and vocabulary. Serbia, Montenegro, and Bosnia and Herzegovina are entirely Shtokavian. Croatia uses Chakavian along the seacoast, Kajkavian…

  • kaj?n (Korean literature)

    Korean literature: Later Kory?: 12th century to 1392: …a new form appeared, the kaj?n, or fictional biography, which treated objects as people and told their life stories. Works such as Im Ch’un’s Kongban ch?n (“Tale of Master Coin”) and Kuksun ch?n (“Tale of Master Malt”), Yi Kyu-Bo’s Kuk S?nsaeng ch?n (“Tale of Sir Malt”), Yi Kok’s Chuk Puin…

  • Kak zakalyalas stal (work by Ostrovsky)

    Socialist Realism: …classic Kak zakalyalas stal (1932–34; How the Steel Was Tempered), written by Nikolay Ostrovsky, an invalid who died at 32. His hero, Pavel Korchagin, wounded in the October Revolution, overcomes his health handicap to become a writer who inspires the workers of the Reconstruction. The young novelist’s passionate sincerity and…

  • kaka (bird)

    Kaka, New Zealand species of parrot

  • Kaká (Brazilian football player)

    Kaká, Brazilian football (soccer) player who was named the World Player of the Year by the Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA) in 2007. Kaká owed his nickname to his younger brother Rodrigo, who as a child could not pronounce Ricardo and could manage only “Caca.” Kaká was seven

  • Kaka (people)

    African dance: The social context: Young Kaka men of Cameroon perform their Midimu dance after the circumcision rites as a formal precondition of admission into the society of adults.

  • kakabeak (plant genus)

    Clianthus, genus of two species of flowering shrubs in the pea family (Fabaceae). Parrot’s bill, or red kowhai (Clianthus puniceus), and kakabeak (C. maximus) are native to New Zealand and Australia, respectively. Both plants are grown as ornamentals but are considered endangered species in the

  • Kakabeka Falls (waterfall, Ontario, Canada)

    Kaministiquia River: …and cataracts, notably the wide Kakabeka Falls (154 feet [47 m] high), site of a major hydroelectric station. The river divides into three channels as it enters Thunder Bay, providing deepwater shipping docks at the city of Thunder Bay.

  • Kakadu National Park (national park, Northern Territory, Australia)

    Kakadu National Park, extensive natural and cultural region in Northern Territory, Australia. The park, which covers an area of some 7,700 square miles (20,000 square km), lies in the area of the Alligator Rivers. The region was first protected as an Aboriginal reserve in 1964 and as a wildlife

  • kakaki (musical instrument)

    African music: Trumpets: …the Hausa, the long metal kakaki and wooden farai, both end-blown, fulfill this role in combination with drums. In East and central Africa, the instruments are often made from gourds, wood, hide, horn, or a combination of these materials. In the historic kingdom of Buganda (now part of Uganda), trumpet…

  • Kakalov, Georgy (Bulgarian cosmonaut)

    Georgy Ivanov, Bulgarian cosmonaut who became the first Bulgarian in space. Ivanov graduated from the Bulgarian air force academy at Dolna in 1964 and served as an instructor at the academy before becoming a squadron commander of fighter aircraft in Bulgaria’s air force in 1967. In 1978 he was

  • Kakamega (Kenya)

    Kakamega, town, southwestern Kenya, located at an elevation of about 5,100 feet (1,550 metres). The British developed Kakamega for defensive purposes in 1903, and by 1920 it had become the district headquarters. The discovery of gold in 1931 brought an influx of settlers and greatly increased the

  • Kakamigahara (Japan)

    Kakamigahara, city, southern Gifu ken (prefecture), central Honshu, Japan. It is situated on the Kiso River, just east of Gifu city. An army base was established in the city at the time of the Meiji Restoration in 1868. The base was taken over by the U.S. Army after World War II and later was

  • kakapo (bird)

    Kakapo, (Strigops habroptilus), giant flightless nocturnal parrot (family Psittacidae) of New Zealand. With a face like an owl, a posture like a penguin, and a walk like a duck, the extraordinarily tame and gentle kakapo is one of strangest and rarest birds on Earth. Heaviest of the world’s

  • Kakata (Liberia)

    Kakata, city, western Liberia, on the road from Monrovia to Gbarnga. It is the site of the Booker Washington Institute (1929; Liberia’s first vocational and agricultural school), the Kakata Rural Teacher Training Institute, and several church secondary schools. Rubber production, diamond

  • Kakatiya (dynasty, India)

    Warangal: …the ancient capital of the Kakatiyas, an Andhra dynasty that flourished in the 12th century ce. Warangal’s fort, lying southeast of the present-day city, was once surrounded by two walls; traces of the outer wall remain, as do the four stone gateways (sanchars) of the inner wall. The Khush Mahal,…

  • Kakatoe leadbeateri (bird)

    cockatoo: The 38-cm (15-inch) Major Mitchell’s cockatoo (C. leadbeateri), which inhabits much of interior Australia, is also awash in pink, with a yellow-and-red band crossing its forward-sweeping crest. It is among the most beautiful of the cockatoos and the hardest to train.

  • kakegoe (Japanese music)

    Japanese music: Function of drum patterns: The kakegoe uttered by the drummers are as essential to the performance and recognition of a given pattern as are the drum sounds themselves. They help to give each pattern a unique aural image. Also, the manner in which the calls are performed by the player…

  • kakelaar (bird)

    Wood hoopoe, (family Phoeniculidae), any of eight species of tropical African birds included in two genera, Rhinopomastus and Phoeniculus, order Coraciiformes. They range in length from 22 to 38 cm (8.5 to 15 inches), and all are predominately greenish or purplish black, with long graduated tails

  • kakemono (Japanese art)

    Kakemono, in Japanese art, scroll painting intended to be hung on a wall. See scroll

  • kakerori (bird)

    Cook Islands: Plant and animal life: The kakerori, or Rarotongan flycatcher, an attractive tiny bird unique to Rarotonga, had been reduced by the early 1990s to about 30 breeding pairs. By the early 21st century, however, efforts by a small group of conservationists and landowners had succeeded in increasing the kakerori population…

  • Kakhivka Reservoir (reservoir, Ukraine)

    Dnieper River: Physiography: Before the development of the Kakhovka Reservoir, the waters of which inundated a vast territory, the Dnieper split into numerous streams; flat swampy islands, overgrown with floodplain vegetation and reeds, lay among the channels. Today much of this is hidden under the waters of the reservoir. Below Kherson the Dnieper…

  • Kakhovka Reservoir (reservoir, Ukraine)

    Dnieper River: Physiography: Before the development of the Kakhovka Reservoir, the waters of which inundated a vast territory, the Dnieper split into numerous streams; flat swampy islands, overgrown with floodplain vegetation and reeds, lay among the channels. Today much of this is hidden under the waters of the reservoir. Below Kherson the Dnieper…

  • kaki (plant)

    persimmon: The Japanese persimmon (Diospyros kaki), an important and extensively grown fruit in China and Japan, where it is known as kaki, was introduced into France and other Mediterranean countries in the 19th century and grown to a limited extent there. Introduced into the United States a…

  • Kakiemon family (Japanese family)

    Sakaida family, celebrated family of Japanese potters whose founder, Sakaida Kizaemon (1596–1666), was awarded the name Kakiemon in recognition of his capturing the delicate red colour and texture of the persimmon (kaki) in porcelain. See Kakiemon

  • Kakiemon ware (pottery)

    Kakiemon ware, Japanese porcelain made primarily during the Tokugawa period (1603–1867) by the Sakaida family, who established kilns at Arita, near the port of Imari in the province of Hizen (now in Saga prefecture). Typical dishes, bowls, and vases have octagonal, hexagonal, or square shapes,

  • Kakinada (India)

    Kakinada, city, eastern Andhra Pradesh state, southern India. It is situated along the Bay of Bengal, about 30 miles (50 km) east of Rajahmundry. Kakinada is a seaport—a barrier island to the east protecting its harbour—but it is now little used because the anchorage is 5 to 6 miles (8 to 10 km)

  • Kakinomoto Hitomaro (Japanese poet)

    Kakinomoto Hitomaro, poet venerated by the Japanese since earliest times. He was also Japan’s first great literary figure. Among his surviving works are poems in the two major Japanese poetic forms of his day—tanka and chōka. Probably he also wrote sedōka (“head-repeated poem,” consisting of two

  • Kakinomoto no Hitomaro (Japanese poet)

    Kakinomoto Hitomaro, poet venerated by the Japanese since earliest times. He was also Japan’s first great literary figure. Among his surviving works are poems in the two major Japanese poetic forms of his day—tanka and chōka. Probably he also wrote sedōka (“head-repeated poem,” consisting of two

  • Kakō (Japanese artist)

    Hokusai, Japanese master artist and printmaker of the ukiyo-e (“pictures of the floating world”) school. His early works represent the full spectrum of ukiyo-e art, including single-sheet prints of landscapes and actors, hand paintings, and surimono (“printed things”), such as greetings and

  • Kakogawa (Japan)

    Kakogawa, city, southern Hyōgo ken (prefecture), west-central Honshu, Japan. The city lies largely in the lower valley of the Kako River (Kako-gawa), just inland from Harima Bay on the Inland Sea and between Akashi (southeast) and Himeji (northwest). Kakogawa was a prosperous river port during the

  • Kakogiannis, Mikhalis (Greek filmmaker)

    Michael Cacoyannis, (Mihalis Kakogiannis), Greek filmmaker (born June 11, 1921/22, Limassol, Cyprus—died July 25, 2011, Athens, Greece), brought international attention to Greek cinema when he adapted and directed Alexis Zorbas (1964; Zorba the Greek), which was nominated for seven Academy Awards

  • Kakongo (former state, Africa)

    Kakongo, former African kingdom that was located on the Atlantic coast, north of the mouth of the Congo River (present-day Angola, in the Cabinda exclave), between the kingdoms of Ngoyo and Loango. According to Loango tradition, Kakongo was the source of its founding dynasty. Kakongo was part of

  • Kakori Conspiracy (Indian history)

    Kakori Conspiracy, armed robbery on August 9, 1925, of a train in what is now central Uttar Pradesh state, north-central India, and the subsequent court trial instituted by the government of British India against more than two dozen men accused of involvement, directly or otherwise, in the crime.

  • Kakori Conspiracy Case (Indian history)

    Kakori Conspiracy, armed robbery on August 9, 1925, of a train in what is now central Uttar Pradesh state, north-central India, and the subsequent court trial instituted by the government of British India against more than two dozen men accused of involvement, directly or otherwise, in the crime.

  • Kakori Train Robbery (Indian history)

    Kakori Conspiracy, armed robbery on August 9, 1925, of a train in what is now central Uttar Pradesh state, north-central India, and the subsequent court trial instituted by the government of British India against more than two dozen men accused of involvement, directly or otherwise, in the crime.

  • Kakoulima Massif (mountain peak, Guinea)

    Guinea: Relief: The Kakoulima Massif, for example, attains 3,273 feet (998 metres) northeast of Conakry. The highest point in the highlands, Mount Tamgué, rises to 5,046 feet (1,538 metres) near the town of Mali in the north.

  • Kakrak (temple, Bāmīān, Afghanistan)

    Central Asian arts: Kushān: …in Bamiyan’s 5th-century temple of Kakrak include one of a deified king of Sāsānian appearance, while others display the figure of Buddha set within a circle and wearing a costume of the Sāsānian type. Sāsānian motifs of paired birds and griffins placed in medallions or pearl circlets are common. In…

  • Kakshaal Range (mountains, Asia)

    Tien Shan: Physiography: Dzhetym, At-Bashy, and the Kakshaal (Kokshaal-Tau) Range, in which Dankova Peak reaches a height of 19,626 feet (5,982 metres).

  • Kaktovik Inupiat Corporation (American company)

    Arctic National Wildlife Refuge: Human impact: …the offer and established the Kaktovik Inupiat Corporation. The 1980 federal law that expanded and renamed the refuge designated much of it as federally protected wilderness, but about 2,345 square miles (6,075 square km) of the refuge’s coastal plain (including the Inupiat land) was exempted from that designation and was…

  • kakuet (political and economic unit)

    Kipsikis: …hamlets of adjacent homesteads, called kakuet, that serve as both political and economic units. Farming activities are coordinated through the kakuet, although each family also has its own plots. Community leadership is provided by a council of elders, with members assuming particular responsibilities. British colonizers obliged the acephalous, traditionally stateless…

  • kakungu (African mask)

    African art: Lower Congo (Kongo) cultural area: The dramatically painted kakungu mask worn by the leader of the initiation rite represents a gaunt face with exaggerated nose and cheeks. This mask is thought to embody terrific powers and is kept in its own hut. Similar to the Yaka tudansi mask is the hemba mask of…

  • Kakure Kirishitan (Japanese religious sect)

    Kakure Kirishitan, (Japanese: “Hidden Christians”), descendants of the first Japanese converts to Christianity who, driven underground by 1650, managed to maintain their faith in secret for more than two centuries. See

  • Kakushi-toride no san-akunin (film by Kurosawa Akira [1958])

    George Lucas: Star Wars: …Kurosawa’s Kakushi-toride no san-akunin (1958; The Hidden Fortress), was immediately popular and went on to become the top-grossing motion picture in history. It was the first of Lucas’s films to be made with a generous budget, which he extended by shooting on soundstages in England, then far less expensive than…

  • Kakushin Kurabu (political party, Japan)

    Inukai Tsuyoshi: …organized another new party, the Reform Club (Kakushin Kurabu), and the following year he again joined the cabinet, this time as minister of communications. In 1924, however, he destroyed this coalition government when he left it to join the Friends of Constitutional Government (Rikken Seiyūkai), the largest party in Japan;…

  • Kakusthavarman (Indian ruler)

    Kadamba family: His grandson Kakusthavarman (reigned c. 425–450) was a powerful ruler involved in many marriage alliances with the Guptas and other kingly families. After his death the southern part of the kingdom was established as an independent principality under his younger son, Krishnavarman. A period of warfare between…

  • Kakuyū (Japanese artist and priest)

    Toba Sōjō, 47th head priest of the Enryaku-ji, which is headquarters of the Tendai sect of Buddhism, near Kyōto in modern Shiga Prefecture. Toba is traditionally regarded as the artist of a series of important narrative scrolls featuring humorous secular subjects: “History of Mount Shigi” and “

  • Kakwa (people)

    Uganda: Obote’s first presidency: …by recruiting from his own Kakwa ethnic group in the northwest. The army, which had previously been composed of Acholi and their neighbours, Obote’s own Lango people, now became sharply divided. Simultaneously, a rift developed between Obote and Amin, and in January 1971 Amin took advantage of the president’s absence…

  • Kal (ancient religion)

    Anatolian religion: The pantheon: …the texts by the logogram KAL, to be read Kurunda or Tuwata, later Ruwata, Runda. The war god also appears, though his Hittite name is concealed behind the logogram ZABABA, the name of the Mesopotamian war god. His Hattian name was Wurunkatti, his Hurrian counterpart Hesui. His Hattian name meant…

  • Kala (album by M.I.A.)

    M.I.A.: ’s second album, Kala, was released in 2007, and it featured guest production appearances by Diplo and American hip-hop icon Timbaland. More aggressive and sample-heavy than its predecessor, Kala spawned the hit “Paper Planes,” which catapulted to success when it was used in the theatrical trailer for the…

  • Kala (people)

    Wa, peoples of the upland areas of eastern Myanmar (Burma) and southwestern Yunnan province of China. They speak a variety of Austroasiatic languages related to those spoken by upland-dwelling groups in northern Thailand and Laos. At the beginning of the 21st century, the Wa numbered approximately

  • kāla (Indian philosophy)

    dravya: …a sixth category of dravya, kala (time), is eternal but not universal, because it does not occur in the outermost layers of the world.

  • kala (dance)

    South Asian arts: Folk dance: …dances are the dindi and kala dances of Maharashtra, which are expressions of religious ecstasy. The dancers revolve in a circle, beating short sticks (dindis) to keep time with the chorus leader and a drummer in the middle. As the rhythm accelerates, the dancers form into two rows, stamp their…

  • Kala Kawa Ya (language)

    Torres Strait Islander peoples: Location and language: …Islands the language spoken is Kala Lagaw Ya or Kala Kawa Ya, which are dialects of the same language. Since European colonization of Australia, the Torres Strait Creole (Kriol) language has developed as a mixture of Standard Australian English and traditional languages. The Torres Strait Islander peoples use Creole to…

  • Kala Lagaw Ya (language)

    Torres Strait Islander peoples: Location and language: …Islands the language spoken is Kala Lagaw Ya or Kala Kawa Ya, which are dialects of the same language. Since European colonization of Australia, the Torres Strait Creole (Kriol) language has developed as a mixture of Standard Australian English and traditional languages. The Torres Strait Islander peoples use Creole to…

  • kala-azar (pathology)

    Kala-azar, infectious disease that is a type of leishmaniasis

  • Kāla-devī (Tibetan Buddhist deity)

    Lha-mo, in Tibetan Buddhism, the only goddess among the “Eight Terrible Ones,” who are defenders of the faith. See

  • Kalaaleq language

    Inuit language, the northeastern division of the Eskimo languages, spoken in northern Alaska, Canada, and

  • Kalaallit Nunaat

    Greenland, the world’s largest island, lying in the North Atlantic Ocean. Greenland is noted for its vast tundra and immense glaciers. Although Greenland remains a part of the Kingdom of Denmark, the island’s home-rule government is responsible for most domestic affairs. The Greenlandic people are

  • Kalābādhī (Muslim author)

    Islamic arts: Philosophy: Averro?s and Avicenna: …Arab and Persian areas (Sarrāj, Kalābādhī, Qushayrī, and, in Muslim India, al-Hujwīrī) are generally superior to those produced in western Muslim countries. Yet the greatest Islamic theosophist of all, Ibn al-?Arabī (died 1240), was Spanish in origin and was educated in the Spanish tradition. His writings, in both poetry and…

  • Kālābāgh (Pakistan)

    Pakistan: Minerals: …reserves are situated in the Kalabagh region, in western Punjab. Other low-grade ore reserves have been found in Hazara, in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. Small reserves of high-grade iron ore have been identified in Chitral and in the Chilghazi area (located in northwestern Balochistan), as well as in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. Deposits of…

  • Kālābāgh Barrage (hydrology project, Pakistan)

    Pakistan: The desert areas: …before the construction of the Jinnah Barrage on the Indus River near Kalabagh in 1946. The Thal canal system, which draws water from the barrage, has turned parts of the desert into fertile cultivated land.

  • Kalabalala Tank (dam, Sri Lanka)

    dam: Early dams of East Asia: The Kalabalala Tank, which was formed by an earthen dam 24 metres (79 feet) high and nearly 6 km (3.75 miles) in length, had a perimeter of 60 km (37 miles) and helped store monsoon rainfall for irrigating the country around the ancient capital of Anuradhapura.…

  • Kalabari (people)

    African dance: The religious context: …female spirit mediums of the Kalabari in the Niger delta, using dance and song as an essential part of their therapy, are also credited with powers of healing.

  • Kalabari language

    Ijoid languages: …of the slave trade, the Kalabari language was transplanted to eastern Guyana, where it was spoken for decades and later became the basis of a Dutch creole, Berbice, now nearly extinct.

  • Kalabra (people)

    India: Southern Indian kingdoms: …at the hands of the Kalvar, or Kalabras, who came from the border to the north of Tamilakam and were described as evil rulers, but they were overthrown in the 5th century ce with the rise of the Calukya (Chalukyas) and Pallava dynasties.

  • Kalaburagi (India)

    Kalaburagi, city, northeastern Karnataka state, south-central India. It lies in the valley of the Bhima River, which flows about 15 miles (24 km) south of the city. Kalaburagi was originally included in the territory of the Kakatiyas of Warangal. It was then annexed to the sultanate of Delhi in the

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