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  • knockout mouse (medical research)

    Knockout mouse, genetically engineered laboratory mouse (Mus musculus) in which a specific gene has been inactivated, or “knocked out,” by the introduction of a foreign (artificial) DNA sequence. Knockout mice exhibit modifications in phenotype (observable traits) and thereby provide important

  • knockout whist (card game)

    whist: Miscellaneous variants: Knockout whist is a popular British game for up to seven players. The simplest rules are as follows: Deal seven cards to each player, and turn the next card to establish the trump suit. Dealer leads first, and tricks are played as in classic whist.…

  • Knoevenagel reaction

    aldehyde: Addition of carbon nucleophiles: …in this category include the Knoevenagel reaction, in which the carbon nucleophile is an ester with at least one α-hydrogen. In the presence of a strong base, the ester loses an α-hydrogen to give a negatively charged carbon that then adds to the carbonyl carbon of an aldehyde. Acidification followed…

  • Knol (encyclopaedia)

    Google Knol, free Internet-based encyclopaedia hosted (2007–12) by the American search engine company Google Inc. On December 13, 2007, Google announced that it was entering the online encyclopaedia business with Knol. (The company defined a knol as a unit of knowledge.) The Knol Web site was

  • Knole House (royal residence, England, United Kingdom)

    Sevenoaks: The mansion of Knole House was, from its construction in 1456, owned by monarchs and archbishops. From about 1603 it was owned by the Sackville family, who endowed it to the National Trust in 1946. Area 142 square miles (368 square km). Pop. (2001) 109,305; (2011) 114,893.

  • Knoll, Erwin (American editor)

    Erwin Knoll, Austrian-born U.S. editor (born July 17, 1931, Vienna, Austria—died Nov. 2, 1994, Madison, Wis.), as editor of the political magazine The Progressive, was known for his commitment to civil liberties and nonviolence and his opposition to capital punishment, nuclear weapons, and U.S. i

  • Knoll, Max (German electrical engineer)

    electron microscope: History: …by 1931 German electrical engineers Max Knoll and Ernst Ruska had devised a two-lens electron microscope that produced images of the electron source. In 1933 a primitive electron microscope was built that imaged a specimen rather than the electron source, and in 1935 Knoll produced a scanned image of a…

  • Knolles, Richard (English historian)

    Richard Knolles, English historian who is known chiefly for a study of the Turks. After graduation from Oxford University in 1564 or 1565, Knolles received an M.A. there in 1570 and continued in residence as a fellow in 1571. Shortly thereafter he became master of the secondary school at Sandwich,

  • Knollys, Sir Francis (English statesman)

    Sir Francis Knollys, English statesman, loyal supporter of Queen Elizabeth I of England, and guardian of Mary, Queen of Scots, during her early imprisonment in England. Knollys entered the service of Henry VIII before 1540, became a member of Parliament in 1542, and was knighted in 1547 while

  • Knoop hardness (mineralogy)

    Knoop hardness, a measure of the hardness of a material, calculated by measuring the indentation produced by a diamond tip that is pressed onto the surface of a sample. The test was devised in 1939 by F. Knoop and colleagues at the National Bureau of Standards in the United States. By using lower

  • Knopf, Alfred A. (American publisher)

    Alfred A. Knopf, American publisher, the founder and longtime chairman of the prestigious publishing house Alfred A. Knopf, Inc. Knopf graduated from Columbia University in 1912. After working for a short time at the publishing house of Doubleday, Page, & Company, he started his own firm in 1915.

  • Knopfler, Mark (British musician)

    Dire Straits: The original members were Mark Knopfler (b. August 12, 1949, Glasgow, Scotland), David Knopfler (b. December 27, 1952, Glasgow), John Illsley (b. June 24, 1949, Leicester, Leicestershire, England), and Pick Withers (b. April 4, 1948). Later members included Hal Lindes (b. June 30, 1953, Monterey, California, U.S.) and Alan…

  • Knopoff, Leon (American geophysicist)

    Leon Knopoff, American geophysicist (born July 1, 1925, Los Angeles, Calif.—died Jan. 20, 2011, Sherman Oaks, Calif.), pioneered the field of theoretical seismology, using mathematics to develop a model of the way seismic waves propagate through a physical medium. His groundbreaking work in the

  • Knorosov, Yury Valentinovich (Russian linguist)

    Yury Valentinovich Knorozov, Russian linguist, epigraphist, and ethnologist, who played a major role in the decipherment of Mayan hieroglyphic writing. Knorozov fought in the Soviet armed forces during World War II and graduated from Moscow State University in 1948. About that time he became

  • Knorozov, Yury Valentinovich (Russian linguist)

    Yury Valentinovich Knorozov, Russian linguist, epigraphist, and ethnologist, who played a major role in the decipherment of Mayan hieroglyphic writing. Knorozov fought in the Soviet armed forces during World War II and graduated from Moscow State University in 1948. About that time he became

  • Knorpelwerk (decorative art)

    Auricular style, a 17th-century ornamental style based on parts of the human anatomy. It was invented in the early 17th century by Dutch silversmiths and brothers Paulus and Adam van Vianen. Paulus was inspired by anatomy lectures he attended in Prague, and both he and Adam became known for the

  • Knorr (United States Navy research ship)

    Titanic: Discovery and legacy: Navy research ship Knorr. The quest was partly a means for testing the Argo, a 16-foot (5-metre) submersible sled equipped with a remote-controlled camera that could transmit live images to a monitor. The submersible was sent some 13,000 feet (4,000 metres) to the floor of the Atlantic Ocean,…

  • Knorr, Ludwig (German chemist)

    Ludwig Knorr, German chemist who discovered antipyrine. Knorr was educated at Munich, Heidelberg, Erlangen, and Würzburg. He became instructor of chemistry at the University of Erlangen in 1885 and was a teacher at Würzburg and titular professor at the University of Jena. Knorr is noted for his

  • Knorr, Nathan Homer (American religious leader)

    Jehovah's Witness: History: Rutherford’s successor, Nathan Homer Knorr (1905–77), assumed the presidency in 1942 and continued and expanded Rutherford’s policies. He established the Watch Tower Bible School of Gilead (South Lansing, New York) to train missionaries and leaders, decreed that all the society’s books and articles were to be published…

  • Knossos (ancient city, Crete)

    Knossos, city in ancient Crete, capital of the legendary king Minos, and the principal centre of the Minoan, the earliest of the Aegean civilizations (see Minoan civilization). The site of Knossos stands on a knoll between the confluence of two streams and is located about 5 miles (8 km) inland

  • knot (bird)

    Knot, in zoology, any of several large, plump sandpiper birds in the genus Calidris of the subfamily Calidritinae (family Scolopacidae). The common knot (C. canutus), about 25 cm (10 inches) long including the bill, has a reddish breast in breeding plumage (hence another name, robin sandpiper); in

  • knot (wood)

    wood: Variation of structure and defects: …presence of defects such as knots, spiral grain, compression and tension wood, shakes, and pitch pockets. Knots are caused by inclusion of dead or living branches. Because branches are indispensable members of a living tree, knots are largely unavoidable, but they can be reduced by silvicultural means, such as spacing…

  • knot (measurement)

    Knot, in navigation, measure of speed at sea, equal to one nautical mile per hour (approximately 1.15 statute miles per hour). Thus, a ship moving at 20 knots is traveling as fast as a land vehicle at about 23 mph (37 km/hr). The term knot derives from its former use as a length measure on ships’

  • knot (cording)

    Knot, in cording, the interlacement of parts of one or more ropes, cords, or other pliable materials, commonly used to bind objects together. Knots have existed from the time humans first used vines and cordlike fibres to bind stone heads to wood in primitive axes. Knots were also used in the

  • knot garden

    parterre: …a sophisticated development of the knot garden, a medieval form of bed in which various types of plant were separated from each other by dwarf hedges of box, thrift, or any low-growing controllable hardy plant.

  • Knot of Vipers, The (work by Mauriac)

    Fran?ois Mauriac: Le Noeud de vipères (1932; Vipers’ Tangle) is often considered Mauriac’s masterpiece. It is a marital drama, depicting an old lawyer’s rancour toward his family, his passion for money, and his final conversion. In this, as in other Mauriac novels, the love that his characters seek vainly in human contacts…

  • knot theory (mathematics)

    Knot theory, in mathematics, the study of closed curves in three dimensions, and their possible deformations without one part cutting through another. Knots may be regarded as formed by interlacing and looping a piece of string in any fashion and then joining the ends. The first question that

  • knotgrass (plant)

    Paspalum: Water couch, or knotgrass (P. distichum), forms large flat mats along shores and in ditches in North and South America and Europe; it is used as a lawn grass in Australia.

  • Knots (novel by Farah)

    Nuruddin Farah: Links (2003), Knots (2006), and Crossbones (2011) constitute another trilogy. Farah’s other novels included North of Dawn (2018). For his thoughts about his country at the turn of the new millennium, see Sidebar: Somalia at the Turn of the 21st Century.

  • Knots and Crosses (novel by Rankin)

    Ian Rankin on Edinburgh: A City of Stories: Edinburgh as literary metaphor: My own first crime novel, Knots and Crosses, was (in part) an attempt to update the themes of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde, a project which continued with my second Inspector Rebus outing, Hide and Seek. Likewise, another classic Edinburgh story of the 19th century, James Hogg’s sinister and mesmerizing…

  • Knots Landing (American television program)

    Alec Baldwin: Early life and career: …joining (1984–85) the cast of Knots Landing, a popular nighttime drama. During this time he also acted on the stage, making his Broadway debut in the 1986 production of Loot.

  • Knott’s Berry Farm (amusement park, California, United States)

    Knott’s Berry Farm, the oldest and one of the largest theme parks in the United States. It is located in Buena Park, California. Knott’s Berry Farm originated as a farm and nursery, founded by Walter Knott (b. December 11, 1889, San Bernardino, California, U.S.—d. December 3, 1981, Buena Park,

  • Knott, Cordelia (American entrepreneur)

    Knott's Berry Farm: …Park, California) and his wife, Cordelia Knott (née Cordelia Hornaday; b. January 23, 1890—d. April 23, 1974, Buena Park, California). Knott, the son of a farmer, grew up in Pomona, California, where he met and married his high-school friend Cordelia. In 1920 they leased 10 acres (4 hectares) of land…

  • Knott, Frederick Major Paul (British playwright)

    Frederick Major Paul Knott, British playwright (born Aug. 28, 1916, Hankou, China—died Dec. 17, 2002, New York, N.Y.), wrote only three plays, but two of them met with enormous success. Seven London producers rejected his first, Dial M for Murder, before the BBC agreed to televise it (1952); it w

  • Knott, Walter (American entrepreneur)

    Knott's Berry Farm: …farm and nursery, founded by Walter Knott (b. December 11, 1889, San Bernardino, California, U.S.—d. December 3, 1981, Buena Park, California) and his wife, Cordelia Knott (née Cordelia Hornaday; b. January 23, 1890—d. April 23, 1974, Buena Park, California). Knott, the son of a farmer, grew up in Pomona, California,…

  • knotted coiling (basketry)

    basketry: Half-hitch and knotted coiling: In knotted coiling, the thread forms knots around two successive rows of standards; many varieties can be noted in the Congo, in Indonesia, and among the Basket Makers, an ancient culture of the plateau area of southwestern United States, centred in parts of Arizona, New Mexico,…

  • knotted pile (textiles)

    yurt: The knotted pile rug, first known from a nomad burial at the foot of the Altai Mountains (5th–3rd century bc), probably developed as a fur substitute to provide warmth and sleeping comfort in the yurt.

  • Knotts, Don (American actor)

    Don Knotts, (Jesse Donald Knotts), American actor (born July 21, 1924, Morgantown, W.Va.—died Feb. 24, 2006, Beverly Hills, Calif.), first gained the attention of television audiences as the skinny, nervous, bug-eyed man-on-the-street interviewee on The Steve Allen Show in the late 1950s and in t

  • knout (whip)

    flogging: The Russian knout, consisting of a number of dried and hardened thongs of rawhide interwoven with wire—the wires often being hooked and sharpened so that they tore the flesh—was even more painful and deadly. A particularly painful, though not so deadly, type of flogging was the bastinado,…

  • Know-Nothing party (political party, United States)

    Know-Nothing party, U.S. political party that flourished in the 1850s. It was an outgrowth of the strong anti-immigrant and especially anti-Roman Catholic sentiment that started to manifest itself during the 1840s. A rising tide of immigrants, primarily Germans in the Midwest and Irish in the East,

  • know-your-customer rule (finance)

    money laundering: Law enforcement: These measures include the so-called know-your-customer rules (procedures for the identification of clients opening accounts or conducting financial transactions and the conservation of the relevant documentation for a reasonable amount of time), the reporting to national authorities of all transactions that are considered suspicious, and cooperation between financial institutions and…

  • knowing that

    epistemology: The nature of knowledge: …knowledge, often referred to as propositional knowledge, raises a number of peculiar epistemological problems, among which is the much-debated issue of what kind of thing one knows when one knows that something is the case. In other words, in sentences of the form “A knows that p”—where “A” is the…

  • Knowland, William Fife (American politician)

    William Fife Knowland, U.S. politician, leader of Senate Republicans in the early 1950s, and best-known for his ardent support of Nationalist China (Taiwan). The son of a congressman and newspaper publisher, Knowland began his political career at an early age. At 12 he was making speeches for the

  • knowledge

    language: Transmission of language and culture: …made it possible for usable knowledge of all sorts to be made accessible to people almost anywhere in the world. This accounts for the great rapidity of scientific, technological, political, and social change in the contemporary world. All of this, whether ultimately for the good or ill of humankind, must…

  • Knowledge and Human Interests (work by Habermas)

    Jürgen Habermas: Philosophy and social theory: …“Erkenntnis und Interesse” (1965; “Knowledge and Human Interests”), and in the book of the same title published three years later, Habermas set forth the foundations of a normative version of critical social theory, the Marxist social theory developed by Horkheimer, Adorno, and other members of the Frankfurt Institute from…

  • knowledge base (computer science)

    expert system: …relies on two components: a knowledge base and an inference engine. A knowledge base is an organized collection of facts about the system’s domain. An inference engine interprets and evaluates the facts in the knowledge base in order to provide an answer. Typical tasks for expert systems involve classification, diagnosis,…

  • knowledge by description (philosophy)

    epistemology: St. Anselm of Canterbury: Knowledge by description is possible using concepts formed on the basis of sensation. Thus, all knowledge of God depends upon the description that he is “the thing than which a greater cannot be conceived.” From that premise Anselm infers, in his ontological argument for the…

  • knowledge discovery in databases (computer science)

    Data mining, in computer science, the process of discovering interesting and useful patterns and relationships in large volumes of data. The field combines tools from statistics and artificial intelligence (such as neural networks and machine learning) with database management to analyze large

  • knowledge management system (information system)

    information system: Knowledge management systems: Knowledge management systems provide a means to assemble and act on the knowledge accumulated throughout an organization. Such knowledge may include the texts and images contained in patents, design methods, best practices, competitor intelligence, and similar sources, with the elaboration and commentary…

  • Knowledge Universe, Inc. (American company)

    Michael Milken: He founded Knowledge Universe, Inc., a consumer and business education company, in 1996. In 1998, without admitting guilt, Milken returned $47 million in earnings after the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) charged that he had violated the 1990 order barring him from doing business in the securities…

  • knowledge work (information science)

    information system: Support of knowledge work: Such work is called knowledge work. Three general categories of information systems support such knowledge work: professional support systems, collaboration systems, and knowledge management systems.

  • knowledge, production of (economics)

    economic growth: Quality improvements in the inputs: The production of knowledge is a broad category including outlays on all forms of education, on basic research, and on the more applied type of research associated especially with industry. It is argued that fast-growing industries tend to be those having a high research and development…

  • knowledge, sociology of

    ideology: The sociology of knowledge: The use of the word ideology in the pejorative sense of false consciousness is found not only in the writings of Marx himself but in those of other exponents of what has come to be known as the sociology of knowledge, including…

  • knowledge, theory of (philosophy)

    Epistemology, the philosophical study of the nature, origin, and limits of human knowledge. The term is derived from the Greek epistēmē (“knowledge”) and logos (“reason”), and accordingly the field is sometimes referred to as the theory of knowledge. Epistemology has a long history within Western

  • knowledge, tree of (religion)

    Christianity: Relics and saints: …fashioned of wood from the tree of knowledge of good and evil, which grew in the Garden of Eden. Below the tree lies Adam’s buried skull, baptized in Christ’s blood. The bloodied cross-tree gives forth the oil, wheat, grapes, and herbs used to prepare the materials administered in the sacraments…

  • knowledge-based system (computer science)

    Expert system, a computer program that uses artificial-intelligence methods to solve problems within a specialized domain that ordinarily requires human expertise. The first expert system was developed in 1965 by Edward Feigenbaum and Joshua Lederberg of Stanford University in California, U.S.

  • Knowles, Beyoncé Giselle (American singer)

    Beyoncé, American singer-songwriter and actress who achieved fame in the late 1990s as the lead singer of the R&B group Destiny’s Child and then launched a hugely successful solo career. At age nine Beyoncé formed the singing-rapping girl group Destiny’s Child (originally called Girl’s Tyme) in

  • Knowles, John (American author)

    John Knowles, American author, who was best known for his first published novel, A Separate Peace (1959; filmed 1972). Most of his works are psychological examinations of characters caught in conflict between the wild and the pragmatic sides of their personalities. In 1945 Knowles graduated from

  • Knowles, Patric (British actor)

    The Charge of the Light Brigade: Perry Vickers (Patric Knowles) are cavalry officers stationed in India. While Geoffrey is away, his fiancée, Elsa Campbell (de Havilland), falls in love with Perry. The brothers quarrel over her but soon encounter more important matters. The local Indian ruler, Surat Khan (C. Henry Gordon), who has…

  • Knowles, Stanley Howard (Canadian politician)

    Stanley Howard Knowles, American-born Canadian politician (born June 18, 1908, Los Angeles, Calif.—died June 9, 1997, Ottawa, Ont.), was an eloquent defender of social justice during the four decades he served in Parliament. He fought relentlessly for a number of causes, including better pensions f

  • Knowles, William S. (American chemist)

    William S. Knowles, American chemist who, with Noyori Ryōji and K. Barry Sharpless, won the Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 2001 for developing the first chiral catalysts. Knowles earned a Ph.D. from Columbia University in 1942, after which he conducted research at the Monsanto Company in St. Louis,

  • Knowles, William Standish (American chemist)

    William S. Knowles, American chemist who, with Noyori Ryōji and K. Barry Sharpless, won the Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 2001 for developing the first chiral catalysts. Knowles earned a Ph.D. from Columbia University in 1942, after which he conducted research at the Monsanto Company in St. Louis,

  • Knowlton, Charles (American physician)

    Charles Knowlton, American physician whose popular treatise on birth control, the object of celebrated court actions in the United States and England, initiated the widespread use of contraceptives. A graduate (M.D., 1824) of Dartmouth College, Hanover, N.H., Knowlton published anonymously a book

  • Knowlton, Frank Hall (American paleobotanist)

    Frank Hall Knowlton, U.S. paleobotanist and pioneer in the study of prehistoric climates based on geologic evidence, who discovered much about the distribution and structure of fossilized plants. He was professor of botany at the Columbian (now George Washington) University, Washington, D.C.

  • Known and Unknown (memoir by Rumsfeld)

    Donald Rumsfeld: In his memoir, Known and Unknown (2011), Rumsfeld defended his handling of the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq. Rumsfeld’s Rules: Leadership Lessons in Business, Politics, War, and Life (2013) comprised guidelines he had written out on note cards during his career, fleshed out with observations from historical figures…

  • Knowsley (district, England, United Kingdom)

    Knowsley, metropolitan borough, metropolitan county of Merseyside, historic county of Lancashire, northwestern England, just east of Liverpool. Knowsley takes its name from the parish of Knowsley, the seat of the earls of Derby and home of the Stanley family since the 14th century. Apart from

  • Knox (county, Maine, United States)

    Knox, county, southern Maine, U.S. It is a coastal region facing Muscongus Bay on the southwest and Penobscot Bay on the east and includes several islands, notably Vinalhaven Island and Isle Au Hait. The county is bisected by the Saint George River. Spruce and fir are the major forest types.

  • Knox College (college, Galesburg, Illinois, United States)

    Knox College, private, coeducational institution of higher learning in Galesburg, Illinois, U.S. The college, founded in 1837 by Presbyterian and Congregationalist abolitionists from New York and New England, opened in 1843. It was originally named Knox Manual Labor College, and the students worked

  • Knox Manual Labor College (college, Galesburg, Illinois, United States)

    Knox College, private, coeducational institution of higher learning in Galesburg, Illinois, U.S. The college, founded in 1837 by Presbyterian and Congregationalist abolitionists from New York and New England, opened in 1843. It was originally named Knox Manual Labor College, and the students worked

  • Knox v. Lee (law case)

    Legal Tender Cases: In Knox v. Lee and Parker v. Davis (May 1, 1871), the Court reversed its Hepburn v. Griswold decision by a five-to-four majority, asserting that the Legal Tender Act of 1862 represented a justifiable use of federal power at a time of national emergency.

  • Knox’s Liturgy (religious work)

    Book of Common Order, first Reformed manual of worship in English, introduced to the English congregation in Geneva by John Knox in 1556, adopted by the Scottish Reformers in 1562, and revised in 1564. The norm of public worship followed in the book is the ancient service of word and sacrament. A

  • Knox, Chuck (American football coach)

    Seattle Seahawks: In 1983 head coach Chuck Knox led the Seahawks to the AFC championship game in his first season with the team, and over the next nine years he posted a record of 83 wins and 67 losses. The Seahawks had their worst season in franchise history after Knox left…

  • Knox, Fort (fort, Kentucky, United States)

    Fort Knox, major U.S. military reservation in Meade, Hardin, and Bullitt counties, northern Kentucky, U.S. It lies 30 miles (48 km) southwest of Louisville and occupies an area of 172 square miles (445 square km). It was established in 1918 as Camp Knox (named for Major General Henry Knox, first

  • Knox, Frank (American politician and publisher)

    United States presidential election of 1936: The nominations and campaign: …Landon’s choice of running mate, Frank Knox, publisher of the Chicago Daily News and a critic of the New Deal (in a surprise, Knox would go on to be appointed in 1940 by Roosevelt as secretary of the U.S. Navy). The Republican platform was as much anti-Roosevelt as it was…

  • Knox, Henry (United States general)

    Henry Knox, American general in the American Revolution (1775–83) and first secretary of war under the U.S. Constitution. Forced by family circumstances to leave school at age nine, Knox worked in a Boston bookstore and by age 21 had acquired his own store. He became active in the colonial militia

  • Knox, John (Scottish religious leader)

    John Knox, foremost leader of the Scottish Reformation, who set the austere moral tone of the Church of Scotland and shaped the democratic form of government it adopted. He was influenced by George Wishart, who was burned for heresy in 1546, and the following year Knox became the spokesman for the

  • Knox, Penelope Mary (British author)

    Penelope Fitzgerald, English novelist and biographer noted for her economical, yet evocative, witty, and intricate works often concerned with the efforts of her characters to cope with their unfortunate life circumstances. Although she did not begin writing until she was in her late 50s, she

  • Knox, Philander Chase (American politician)

    Philander Chase Knox, lawyer, Cabinet officer in three administrations, and U.S. senator. After admission to the bar in Pennsylvania (1875), Knox became a successful corporation lawyer in Pittsburgh and as counsel for the Carnegie Steel Company had a prominent role in the organization of the United

  • Knox, Robert (Scottish surgeon)

    body snatching: Body snatchers and their methods: Robert Knox, the anatomist who bought the bodies of the victims, also went unpunished, although his reputation and career were damaged. Murders for anatomical specimens are documented elsewhere in Britain and in Cincinnati, Ohio, and Baltimore, Maryland, in the United States. Such murders were not…

  • Knox, Ronald Arbuthnott (British theologian)

    Ronald Knox, English author, theologian, and dignitary of the Roman Catholic Church, best known for his translation of the Bible. Born into an Anglican family, he was educated at Balliol College, Oxford, and in 1912 was appointed chaplain of Trinity College, Oxford. He became a Roman Catholic in

  • Knox, Rose Markward (American businesswoman)

    Rose Markward Knox, American businesswoman who was highly successful in promoting and selling gelatin for widespread home and industrial use. Rose Markward married Charles B. Knox, a salesman, in 1883. In 1890 they invested their $5,000 savings in a prepared gelatin (gelatine) business to be

  • Knox, William (Scottish poet)

    Abraham Lincoln: Private life: …of an obscure Scottish poet, William Knox. Lincoln often quoted Knox’s lines beginning: “Oh! why should the spirit of mortal be proud?” He liked to relax with the comic writings of Petroleum V. Nasby, Orpheus C. Kerr, and Artemus Ward, or with a visit to the popular theatre.

  • Knox, William Franklin (American publisher)

    William Franklin Knox, U.S. newspaper publisher and secretary of the navy during World War II. After graduating from Alma College, Alma, Mich., in 1898, he served with the 1st U.S. volunteer cavalry, known as the “Rough Riders,” in the Spanish-American War. He became a newspaper reporter in Grand

  • Knox-Porter Resolution (United States history)

    Somerville: The Knox-Porter Resolution, ending the state of war between the United States and the Central Powers (Germany and Austria-Hungary), was signed (July 2, 1921) by President Warren G. Harding at the Somerville estate of Joseph Frelinghuysen. Raritan Valley Community College (1965) is in the borough. Inc.…

  • Knoxville (Tennessee, United States)

    Knoxville, city, seat (1792) of Knox county, eastern Tennessee, U.S., on the Tennessee River, which is formed just east of the city by the confluence of the Holston and French Broad rivers. It is situated between the Cumberland Mountains to the northwest and the Great Smoky Mountains to the

  • Knoxville Whig (newspaper)

    William G. Brownlow: …and Independent (1839–49) and the Knoxville Whig (1849–69 and 1875–77).

  • KNP (political organization, Poland)

    Poland: The rebirth of Poland: …he had set up a Polish National Committee in Paris, which the French viewed as a quasi-government. Under its aegis a Polish army composed mainly of volunteers from the United States was placed under the command of General Józef Haller.

  • KNPC (Kuwaiti company)

    Kuwait: Oil: …achieved full ownership of the Kuwait National Petroleum Company (KNPC), which it had formed in 1960 with private Kuwaiti investors. The KNPC, designed to serve as an integrated oil company, controlled the supply and distribution of petroleum products within the country and began marketing operations abroad. In 1980 the government…

  • knuckle (anatomy)

    Knuckle, the joint of a finger. The knuckle joint of an animal killed for eating is the tarsal or carpal joint of its leg. The word is used also in medical parlance to describe a loop of bowel within a hernial sac. “Knuckling” is used to describe a deformity of the leg of a horse caused by a

  • knuckle-walking (animal behaviour)

    primate: Size range and adaptive diversity: …variations on the theme: (a) knuckle-walking quadrupedalism, and (b) digitigrade quadrupedalism. The former gait is characteristic of the African apes (chimpanzee and gorilla), and the latter of baboons and macaques, which walk on the flats of their fingers. After human beings, Old World monkeys of the subfamily Cercopithecinae are the…

  • knuckleball (baseball)

    Hoyt Wilhelm: ) Wilhelm’s knuckleball quickly proved to be an asset to the Giants, with whom he won a World Series championship in 1954. Unfortunately, the dancing pitch sometimes baffled his own catchers too, until Paul Richards, the manager of the Baltimore Orioles during the majority of Wilhelm’s tenure…

  • knucklebone (dice)

    dice: History: …immediate forerunners of dice were knucklebones (astragals: the anklebones of sheep, buffalo, or other animals), sometimes with markings on the four faces. Such objects are still used in some parts of the world.

  • Knuckles (mountains, Sri Lanka)

    Knuckles, mountains in Sri Lanka, running north–south to the north of the Mahaweli Ganga Valley, rising to 6,112 ft (1,863 m) at Knuckles Peak, about 10 mi northeast of Wattegama. The region receives an average rainfall of 100–200 in. (2,500–5,000 mm). Tea, rubber, rice, vegetables, and cardamom

  • Knuckles Peak (mountain, Sri Lanka)

    Knuckles: …6,112 ft (1,863 m) at Knuckles Peak, about 10 mi northeast of Wattegama. The region receives an average rainfall of 100–200 in. (2,500–5,000 mm). Tea, rubber, rice, vegetables, and cardamom are grown in the area. Of irregular shape, the mountain range extends for 25 mi in length and reaches 15…

  • Knuckles, Frankie (American disc jockey and record producer)

    Frankie Knuckles, (Francis Nicholls), American disc jockey (DJ) and record producer (born Jan. 18, 1955, Bronx, N.Y.—died March 31, 2014, Chicago, Ill.), was dubbed the “godfather of house music” for his formative contributions to the sound and culture of that genre. He started his career as a DJ

  • Knuckles, Mount (mountain, Sri Lanka)

    Knuckles: …6,112 ft (1,863 m) at Knuckles Peak, about 10 mi northeast of Wattegama. The region receives an average rainfall of 100–200 in. (2,500–5,000 mm). Tea, rubber, rice, vegetables, and cardamom are grown in the area. Of irregular shape, the mountain range extends for 25 mi in length and reaches 15…

  • knuckling (equine disorder)

    knuckle: “Knuckling” is used to describe a deformity of the leg of a horse caused by a contraction of the posterior tendon of the fetlock.

  • Knud den Hellige (king of Denmark)

    Canute IV, ; canonized 1101; feast days January 19, July 10), martyr, patron saint, and king of Denmark from 1080 to 1086. The son of King Sweyn II Estrithson of Denmark, Canute succeeded his brother Harold Hen as king of Denmark. Canute opposed the aristocracy and kept a close association with the

  • Knud den Store (king of England, Denmark, and Norway)

    Canute (I), Danish king of England (1016–35), of Denmark (as Canute II; 1019–35), and of Norway (1028–35), who was a power in the politics of Europe in the 11th century, respected by both emperor and pope. Neither the place nor the date of his birth is known. Canute was the grandson of the Polish

  • Knudsen gas (physics)

    gas: Free-molecule gas: The mean free path in a gas may easily be increased by decreasing the pressure. If the pressure is halved, the mean free path doubles in length. Thus, at low enough pressures the mean free path can become sufficiently large that collisions of…

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