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  • Kolombangara, Battle of (World War II)

    World War II: The Southwest and South Pacific, June–October 1943: …of Kula Gulf and of Kolombangara, the Allies lost one cruiser and two destroyers and had three more cruisers crippled; and the Japanese, though they lost a cruiser and two destroyers, were able to land considerable reinforcements (from New Britain). Only substantial counter-reinforcement secured the New Georgia group of islands…

  • Kolomenskoye (sector, Moscow, Russia)

    Kolomenskoye, locality and former royal estate, on the right bank of the Moskva River, since 1960 part of the southeastern sector of the city of Moscow, western Russia. The village of Kolomenskoye developed around an estate first mentioned in the 1339 will of Ivan Kalita, prince of Muscovy and

  • Kolomna (Russia)

    Kolomna, city, Moscow oblast (region), western Russia. It lies southeast of Moscow near the confluence of the Moskva and Oka rivers. First mentioned in 1177, Kolomna formed a key stronghold on Moscow’s southern frontier; it was sacked four times by the Tatars. Kolomna was one of the earliest

  • Kolomoisky, Ihor (Ukrainian businessman)

    Volodymyr Zelensky: Early life and career as an entertainer: That network was owned by Ihor Kolomoisky, one of the wealthiest people in Ukraine, and the relationship between Zelensky and Kolomoisky would become the subject of scrutiny when Zelensky declared his intention to enter politics. In addition to working in television during this period, Zelensky appeared in a number of…

  • Kolomyia (Ukraine)

    Kolomyya, city, western Ukraine, on the Prut River. Documents first mention the city in 1240. It initially grew as a salt-trading town and over time became an administrative centre. In the 19th century Kolomyya was an important site of Ukrainian cultural life in Galicia. It is now a trading centre

  • Kolomyya (Ukraine)

    Kolomyya, city, western Ukraine, on the Prut River. Documents first mention the city in 1240. It initially grew as a salt-trading town and over time became an administrative centre. In the 19th century Kolomyya was an important site of Ukrainian cultural life in Galicia. It is now a trading centre

  • Kólon (county, Hungary)

    Zala, megye (county), western Hungary. It is bordered by the counties of Vas to the northwest, Veszprém to the northeast, and Somogy to the east and by Croatia to the south and Slovenia to the southwest. Zalaegerszeg is the county seat. Other major towns include Hévíz, Keszthely, Letenye,

  • Kolosov, Gury Vasilyevich (Russian mathematician)

    mechanics of solids: Stress concentrations and fracture: …in 1907 the Russian mathematician Gury Vasilyevich Kolosov, and independently in 1914 the British engineer Charles Edward Inglis, derived the analogous solution for stresses around an elliptical hole. Their solution showed that the concentration of stress could become far greater, as the radius of curvature at an end of the…

  • Kolosoy, Wendo (Congolese musician)

    Papa Wendo, (Wendo Kolosoy; Antoine Kalosoyi), Congolese musician (born 1925, Mushie, Bandundu region, Belgian Congo [now Democratic Republic of the Congo]—died July 22, 2008, Kinshasa, Dem. Rep. of the Congo), helped lay the foundations of Congolese rumba, a form of lilting Afropop dance music

  • Kolowrat, Anton, graf von (Austrian statesman)

    Anton, graf von Kolowrat, Austrian statesman, longtime ministerial chief of domestic affairs in the Austrian Empire (1826–48), and the principal political rival of Prince Klemens von Metternich. A member of an aristocratic Bohemian family, Kolowrat became mayor of Prague in 1807 and, in 1809,

  • Kolowrat-Liebsteinsky, Franz Anton, graf von (Austrian statesman)

    Anton, graf von Kolowrat, Austrian statesman, longtime ministerial chief of domestic affairs in the Austrian Empire (1826–48), and the principal political rival of Prince Klemens von Metternich. A member of an aristocratic Bohemian family, Kolowrat became mayor of Prague in 1807 and, in 1809,

  • Kolozsvár (Romania)

    Cluj-Napoca, city, capital of Cluj jude? (county), northwestern Romania. The historic capital of Transylvania, it is approximately 200 mi (320 km) northwest of Bucharest in the Some?ul Mic River valley. The city stands on the site of an ancient Dacian settlement, Napoca, which the Romans made a

  • kolp’um (Korean social system)

    Kolp’um, (Korean: “bone rank”), Korean hereditary status system used to rank members of the official class of the Unified Silla dynasty (668–935). The system originally began as a way of distinguishing the status and function of members of the Silla confederation, a union of the six major tribes of

  • Kólpos Kiparissiakós (gulf, Greece)

    Gulf of Kiparissía, broad inlet of the Ionian Sea (Modern Greek: Ióvio Pélagos) of the western Peloponnese (Pelopónnisos), Greece, about 35 mi (55 km) in width. Flanking the shallow estuary of the Alpheius, the chief river of the Peloponnese, a series of large lagoons extend southward 15 mi along

  • Kólpos Mirabéllou (gulf, Greece)

    Gulf of Mirabéllo, deep gulf of the Aegean Sea on the northern coast of eastern Crete (Modern Greek: Kríti), the nomós (department) of Lasíthi, Greece. It separates the Díkti massif on the west from a range of hills on the east that include Mount Thriptís (Tryptí) and Mount Ornón. The gulf, named

  • K?lreuter, Josef Gottlieb (German botanist)

    Josef Gottlieb K?lreuter, German botanist who was a pioneer in the study of plant hybrids. He was first to develop a scientific application of the discovery, made in 1694 by the German botanist Rudolph Jacob Camerarius, of sex in plants. K?lreuter was educated at the universities of Berlin and

  • Kolsky Poluostrov (peninsula, Russia)

    Kola Peninsula, large promontory in Murmansk oblast (province), far northern Russia. The Kola Peninsula covers some 40,000 square miles (100,000 square km) and extends across the Arctic Circle for about 190 miles (305 km) north-south and 250 miles (400 km) east-west, separating the White and

  • Koltanowski, George (American chess player)

    George Koltanowski, Belgian-born American chess master and author (born Sept. 17, 1903, Antwerp, Belg.—died Feb. 5, 2000, San Francisco, Calif.), was a prominent player on the international chess circuit during the 1920s and ’30s but was most famous for his skill at playing chess while b

  • Koltès, Bernard-Marie (French author)

    French literature: Drama: …work of Michel Vinaver and Bernard-Marie Koltès, whose plays are concerned with individuals struggling with the institutional discourses—family, law, politics—of which contemporary consumer society and their own identities are woven. The quick exchanges of Vinaver’s play L’émission de télévision (1990; The Television Programme, published in Plays) express the anxieties of…

  • Koltsov, Aleksey Vasilyevich (Russian poet)

    Aleksey Vasilyevich Koltsov, poet whose works describe the Russian peasant life in which he was brought up. The son of a cattle dealer who treated him harshly and was unsympathetic to his interest in poetry, Koltsov began to publish in Moscow periodicals in 1831 and attracted the attention of the

  • Kolubara, Battle of the (European history)

    World War I: The Serbian campaign, 1914: …had some success in the Battle of the Kolubara, and forced the Serbs to evacuate Belgrade on November 30, but by December 15 a Serbian counterattack had retaken Belgrade and forced the Austrians to retreat. Mud and exhaustion kept the Serbs from turning the Austrian retreat into a rout, but…

  • kolve (game)

    golf: Scots as inventors: a popular fallacy: …such is referred to as kolven (the infinitive of a verb used as a noun). This confirms that the Scots word golf is indeed based on kolve or kolf. In the course of a dialogue in this text, the fictitious players also give the first indication of the existence of…

  • kolven (game)

    golf: Scots as inventors: a popular fallacy: …such is referred to as kolven (the infinitive of a verb used as a noun). This confirms that the Scots word golf is indeed based on kolve or kolf. In the course of a dialogue in this text, the fictitious players also give the first indication of the existence of…

  • Kolwezi (Democratic Republic of the Congo)

    Kolwezi, city, southeastern Democratic Republic of the Congo. It lies near the Zilo Gorges of the Lualaba River (a tributary of the Congo) on the Lubumbashi-Lobito road and rail line and also has air transport facilities to Lubumbashi. Mineral deposits in the area were mined by the local population

  • Kolya (film by Sverák [1996])
  • kolyacha (dance)

    South Asian arts: Folk dance: The kolyacha is among the better-known examples of social folk dance. A fisherman’s dance indigenous to the Konkan coast of west-central India, the kolyacha is an enactment of the rowing of a boat. Women wave handkerchiefs to their male partners, who move with sliding steps. For…

  • Kolyma Basin (region, Russia)

    Russia: The mountains of the south and east: …this system the low-lying, swampy Kolyma Lowland fronts the Arctic Ocean, extending for some 460 miles (740 km) to the Chersky Range.

  • Kolyma Highlands (mountains, Russia)

    Kolyma Upland, mountain tract in northeastern Siberia, Russia. It lies along the northeastern shores of the Sea of Okhotsk, which it separates from the extensive Kolyma Lowland that drains northward to the East Siberian Sea. A confused mass of ranges and uplands cut by deep river valleys and

  • Kolyma Lowland (region, Russia)

    Russia: The mountains of the south and east: …this system the low-lying, swampy Kolyma Lowland fronts the Arctic Ocean, extending for some 460 miles (740 km) to the Chersky Range.

  • Kolyma moose (mammal)

    moose: alces cameloides); and the east Siberian, or Kolyma, moose (A. alces buturlini). In addition to differences in geographical distribution, the different subspecies of moose are further distinguished by features such as size, pelage, and antler characteristics. The differences in regional body sizes appears to reflect adaptation to local conditions.…

  • Kolyma Mountains (mountains, Russia)

    Kolyma Upland, mountain tract in northeastern Siberia, Russia. It lies along the northeastern shores of the Sea of Okhotsk, which it separates from the extensive Kolyma Lowland that drains northward to the East Siberian Sea. A confused mass of ranges and uplands cut by deep river valleys and

  • Kolyma River (river, Russia)

    Kolyma River, river in northeastern Siberia, far eastern Russia, rising in the Kolyma Mountains. It is 1,323 miles (2,129 km) long and drains an area of 250,000 square miles (647,000 square km). In its upper course it flows through narrow gorges, with many rapids. Gradually its valley widens, and

  • Kolyma Upland (mountains, Russia)

    Kolyma Upland, mountain tract in northeastern Siberia, Russia. It lies along the northeastern shores of the Sea of Okhotsk, which it separates from the extensive Kolyma Lowland that drains northward to the East Siberian Sea. A confused mass of ranges and uplands cut by deep river valleys and

  • Kolyma Yukaghir language

    Paleo-Siberian languages: Yukaghir: …of the Indigirka River; and Kolyma, or Forest, Yukaghir (also called Southern Yukaghir) along the bend of the Kolyma River. Extinct earlier dialects or languages related to Yukaghir are Omok and Chuvan (Chuvantsy); these were spoken south and southwest of the current Yukaghir area. Nivkh has about 1,000 speakers, roughly…

  • Kolymskaya Lowland (region, Russia)

    Russia: The mountains of the south and east: …this system the low-lying, swampy Kolyma Lowland fronts the Arctic Ocean, extending for some 460 miles (740 km) to the Chersky Range.

  • Kolymskiye rasskazy (work by Shalamov)

    Varlam Shalamov: …a Russian edition of Shalamov’s Kolymskiye rasskazy (1978; “Kolyma Stories”) was published in England. This collection of 103 brief sketches, vignettes, and short stories chronicles the degradation and dehumanization of prison-camp life. Written in understated and straightforward documentary style, the tales contain almost no philosophical or political nuances. Publication was…

  • Kolymskoye Nagorye (mountains, Russia)

    Kolyma Upland, mountain tract in northeastern Siberia, Russia. It lies along the northeastern shores of the Sea of Okhotsk, which it separates from the extensive Kolyma Lowland that drains northward to the East Siberian Sea. A confused mass of ranges and uplands cut by deep river valleys and

  • Kolymskoye Upland (mountains, Russia)

    Kolyma Upland, mountain tract in northeastern Siberia, Russia. It lies along the northeastern shores of the Sea of Okhotsk, which it separates from the extensive Kolyma Lowland that drains northward to the East Siberian Sea. A confused mass of ranges and uplands cut by deep river valleys and

  • Kolzig, Olaf (German hockey player)

    Washington Capitals: …wing Peter Bondra and goaltender Olaf Kolzig, won their first conference title and earned a spot in the Stanley Cup finals, which they lost to the Detroit Red Wings. The team posted winning records in four of the five seasons following their finals berth but failed to advance past the…

  • K?m Ombo (Egypt)

    Kawm Umbū, town and valley of Upper Egypt, situated about 30 miles (48 km) north of the Aswan High Dam in Aswān mu?āfa?ah (governorate). The town, an agricultural marketplace and a sugarcane-processing and cotton-ginning centre, lies on the east bank of the Nile River between the main valley

  • Koma languages

    Nilo-Saharan languages: Linguistic characteristics: …consonants—are found, for example, in Koma, a Komuz language of western Ethiopia; comparable consonant distinctions occur in such Omotic (Afro-Asiatic) languages as Maale (southwestern Ethiopia). Several Central Sudanic languages, most of which are situated along the southern fringe of the Nilo-Saharan zone, share the presence of complex consonant systems with…

  • Komadougou Yobé River (river, Africa)

    Komadugu Yobe River, river of western Africa, a tributary of Lake Chad formed by the union of the Hadejia and Komadugu Gana rivers. Situated between Nigeria and Niger, it forms the border between the two countries for some 95 miles (150 km) and flows a total of 200 miles (320 km) to empty into the

  • Komadugu Yobe River (river, Africa)

    Komadugu Yobe River, river of western Africa, a tributary of Lake Chad formed by the union of the Hadejia and Komadugu Gana rivers. Situated between Nigeria and Niger, it forms the border between the two countries for some 95 miles (150 km) and flows a total of 200 miles (320 km) to empty into the

  • Komaga, Mount (mountain, Japan)

    Akita: …dotted with volcanoes such as Mount Komaga (5,371 feet [1,637 m]), near the eastern border with Iwate prefecture. The plateau is covered with white fir trees and alpine plants that grow amid fissures yielding steam, smoke, and boiling mud. In the extreme northeast, on the border with Aomori prefecture, is…

  • Komaga-take (mountain, Japan)

    Akita: …dotted with volcanoes such as Mount Komaga (5,371 feet [1,637 m]), near the eastern border with Iwate prefecture. The plateau is covered with white fir trees and alpine plants that grow amid fissures yielding steam, smoke, and boiling mud. In the extreme northeast, on the border with Aomori prefecture, is…

  • komagaku (Asian music)

    Japanese music: Music of the left and of the right: …of the right was called komagaku and contained all Korean and Manchurian examples. In both categories there were pieces that by this time may have been Japanese arrangements or original compositions. The terms left and right were derived from the Confucian-based administration system of the new capital, which divided the…

  • komainu (guardian diety)

    Shintō: Shintō religious arts: …of sacred stone animals called komainu (“Korean dogs”) or karajishi (“Chinese lions”) are placed in front of a shrine. Originally they served to protect the sacred buildings from evil and defilements. After the 9th century they were used for ornamental purposes on ceremonial occasions at the Imperial Court and later…

  • Komaki (Japan)

    Komaki, city, northwestern Aichi ken (prefecture), central Honshu, Japan. It is situated in the eastern Nōbi Plain, north of Nagoya. A narrow extension of the city’s northeastern area reaches into the mountainous terrain at the edge of the plain. Komaki was a post town during the Edo (Tokugawa)

  • Komalavalli (Indian actress and politician)

    Jayalalitha Jayaram, Indian film actress, politician, and government official who long served as the leader of the All India Dravidian Progressive Federation (All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam; AIADMK), a political party based in Tamil Nadu state, India. Known simply by the name Jayalalitha,

  • Koman languages

    Komuz languages, a branch of the Nilo-Saharan language family formed by a group of related languages spoken in the border area that separates Ethiopia from Sudan and South Sudan. The Komuz group consists of Koma, Twampa (Uduk), Kwama, and Opo (Opo-Shita). Another variety of Komuz, known as Gule

  • Komandor Islands (islands, Russia)

    Komandor Islands, group of four islands, Kamchatka oblast (province), extreme eastern Russia. Geographically part of the Aleutian Islands, the group is situated in the southwestern part of the Bering Sea, about 110 miles (180 km) east of Kamchatka Peninsula. Both the group and its largest island a

  • Komandorskiye Ostrova (islands, Russia)

    Komandor Islands, group of four islands, Kamchatka oblast (province), extreme eastern Russia. Geographically part of the Aleutian Islands, the group is situated in the southwestern part of the Bering Sea, about 110 miles (180 km) east of Kamchatka Peninsula. Both the group and its largest island a

  • Komar, Chris (American dancer)

    Chris Komar, U.S. dancer who, as a member of the Merce Cunningham Dance Company, created roles in over 45 of the choreographer’s works and in 1992 became assistant artistic director of the troupe (b. Oct. 30, 1947--d. July 17,

  • Komar, Vitaly (American artist)

    Vitaly Komar and Alex Melamid: Komar and Melamid both grew up in Moscow. Their educations followed the same path: they attended the Moscow Art School from 1958 to 1960 and then the Stroganov Institute of Art and Design, where they began their collaborative work. Rather than following the dictates of…

  • Komar, Vitaly, and Melamid, Alex (American artists)

    Vitaly Komar and Alex Melamid, Russian-born American artistic duo known for their collaborative works that commented on power and popular culture using a wide range of media. They worked together from 1965 to 2003. Komar and Melamid both grew up in Moscow. Their educations followed the same path:

  • Komárno (Slovakia)

    Komárno, town, southwestern Slovakia. It lies at the confluence of the Vah and Nitra rivers with the Danube River below Bratislava, at the Hungarian border. The town of Komárom, part of Hungary, lies on the south bank of the Danube across from Komárno. Komárno occupies the extreme eastern end of an

  • Komárom (Slovakia)

    Komárno, town, southwestern Slovakia. It lies at the confluence of the Vah and Nitra rivers with the Danube River below Bratislava, at the Hungarian border. The town of Komárom, part of Hungary, lies on the south bank of the Danube across from Komárno. Komárno occupies the extreme eastern end of an

  • Komarom (Hungary)

    Komárom-Esztergom: The town of Komárom is a rail centre and Danube port. At Lábatlan, cement, paper, and prefabricated building components are manufactured. Sz?ny has an oil refinery linked by pipeline with the Zala field. Almásfüzit? also refines oil. Nyergesújfalu specializes in plastics. Limestone is quarried at Dunaalmás and red…

  • Komárom-Esztergom (county, Hungary)

    Komárom-Esztergom, megye (county), northwestern Hungary. It is bordered by Slovakia to the north and by the counties of Pest to the east, Fejér to the south and southeast, Veszprém to the southwest, and Gy?r-Moson-Sopron to the west. It is the smallest of Hungary’s counties, excluding the county of

  • Komarov Botanical Institute (botanical research centre, Saint Petersburg, Russia)

    Komarov Botanical Institute, major botanical research centre in St. Petersburg, Russia. The 22-hectare (54-acre) garden has about 6,700 species of plants, many of which were obtained through a series of plant-collecting expeditions sent to all parts of the world. Its most important collections i

  • Komarov, Vladimir Mikhaylovich (Soviet cosmonaut)

    Vladimir Mikhaylovich Komarov, Soviet cosmonaut, the first man known to have died during a space mission. Komarov joined the Soviet air force at the age of 15 and was educated in air force schools, becoming a pilot in 1949. He graduated from the Zhukovsky Air Force Engineering Academy, Moscow, in

  • Komarovsky, Mirra (Russian-born sociologist)

    Mirra Komarovsky, Russian-born sociologist, one of the first to engage in theory and research on the cultural and structural barriers to women’s equality and to write about problems men and women face because of their designated roles in American society. Born in tsarist Russia to

  • Komati River (river, Africa)

    Komati River, river rising near Breyten in Mpumalanga province, South Africa. Running generally eastward, it descends from a plateau, cutting a valley 3,000 feet (900 metres) deep in northwestern Swaziland before reaching the Lebombo Mountains, at which point it is joined by the Krokodil River and

  • komatiite (rock)

    Africa: General considerations: The rock type komatiite is particularly diagnostic of those volcanic sequences and is almost exclusively restricted to the Archean Eon. The cratons were tectonically stabilized by voluminous granite intrusions toward the end of the Archean and were then covered by clastic sediments, some of which contain economically important…

  • Komatsu (Japan)

    Komatsu, city, southern Ishikawa ken (prefecture), central Honshu, Japan. It lies along the Sea of Japan (East Sea), about 15 miles (24 km) southwest of Kanazawa. The city centre lies just inland on the Kakehashi River. Komatsu was founded as a castle town in 1639, and it served as a post station

  • Komatsu Masakiyo (Japanese poet)

    Shōtetsu, priest-poet who is considered the last truly important tanka poet before the 20th century. Shōtetsu was born into a middle-rank samurai family in the provinces but was taken by his family to Kyōto when he was a boy. He showed precocious ability at composing tanka. Probably by his father’s

  • Komatsu, Minoru (Japanese author)

    Sakyo Komatsu, (Minoru Komatsu), Japanese science-fiction writer (born Jan. 28, 1931, Osaka, Japan—died July 26, 2011, Osaka), sparked international excitement with his catastrophe novel Nippon chinbotsu (1973; Japan Sinks, 1976), which sold more than four million copies in Japan, inspired two

  • Komatsu, Sakyo (Japanese author)

    Sakyo Komatsu, (Minoru Komatsu), Japanese science-fiction writer (born Jan. 28, 1931, Osaka, Japan—died July 26, 2011, Osaka), sparked international excitement with his catastrophe novel Nippon chinbotsu (1973; Japan Sinks, 1976), which sold more than four million copies in Japan, inspired two

  • Komatsushima (Japan)

    Komatsushima, city, eastern Tokushima ken (prefecture), eastern Shikoku, Japan. It lies on Komatsushima Bay on the east coast of Shikoku and adjoins Tokushima to the north and west. Komatsushima was originally a small fishing village and a temple town of Ninna Temple in Kyōto. It developed as a

  • kombucha (fermented beverage)

    Kombucha, beverage made of fermented green or black tea, usually consumed as a health food. Kombucha is often brewed at home, though commercial products are increasingly available in many places. The fermentation process involves a number of microorganisms, including a variety of yeasts and

  • komedia ryba?towska (Polish literature)

    Polish literature: Other literary forms: …anonymous literature, exemplified by the komedia ryba?towska (“ribald comedies”). These were generally popular satiric comedies and broad farces written mainly by playwrights of plebeian birth. Piotr Baryka is one of the few of these playwrights whose names are known. He wrote a carnival comedy, Z ch?opa król (1637; “From Peasant…

  • Komedianty (work by Kabalevsky)

    The Comedians, Op. 26, incidental music composed by Dmitry Kabalevsky in 1938 to accompany a stage play called Inventor and Comedian at the Central Children’s Theatre of Moscow. The play, centred on a group of traveling entertainers, is seldom seen today, but the lighthearted and energetic songs,

  • Kōmeitō (political party, Japan)

    New Kōmeitō, Japanese political party that was founded in 1964 as the political wing of the Buddhist lay movement Sōka-gakkai. It advocates “humanitarian socialism,” an open, independent foreign policy, and, among other things, the gradual abolition of the Japan-U.S. security treaty. After the 1962

  • Kōmeitō, New (political party, Japan)

    New Kōmeitō, Japanese political party that was founded in 1964 as the political wing of the Buddhist lay movement Sōka-gakkai. It advocates “humanitarian socialism,” an open, independent foreign policy, and, among other things, the gradual abolition of the Japan-U.S. security treaty. After the 1962

  • Komenského University (university, Bratislava, Slovakia)

    Slovakia: Education: …the largest and oldest is Comenius University in Bratislava (founded 1919). Also in Bratislava are the Slovak University of Technology, the University of Economics, and several arts academies. Ko?ice also has universities and a school of veterinary medicine. Since independence, additional colleges and universities have opened in Trnava, Banská Bystrica,…

  • Komensky, Jan ámos (Czech educator)

    John Amos Comenius, Czech educational reformer and religious leader, remembered mainly for his innovations in methods of teaching, especially languages. He favoured the learning of Latin to facilitate the study of European culture. Janua Linguarum Reserata (1632; The Gate of Tongues Unlocked)

  • Komer, Robert William (American government official)

    Robert William Komer, American government official and diplomat (born Feb. 23, 1922, Chicago, Ill.—died April 9, 2000, Arlington, Va.), served during the Vietnam War as Pres. Lyndon Johnson’s special assistant in charge of the U.S. government’s controversial “pacification” program to disseminate p

  • Komet machine (industry)

    textile: Weft knitting: …hosiery machines, such as the Komet machine, employ double-hooked needles directly opposite each other in the same plane to knit the leg and foot portions, the heel and the toe. The toe is later closed in a separate operation. In the Getaz toe, the seam is placed under the toes…

  • Komi (republic, Russia)

    Komi, republic in northwestern Russia. Syktyvkar is the capital. The republic extends from the crest line of the Northern Urals on the east to the Timan Ridge and the upper basins of the Mezen and Vychegda rivers on the west. The republic lies mainly in the flat, featureless basin of the Pechora

  • Komi (people)

    Komi, a Permic-speaking people living mainly between the Pechora and Vychegda rivers, southeast of the White Sea, in the northern European area of Russia. They speak a Permic language of the Finno-Ugric branch of the Uralic family. The Komi comprise three major groups: the Komi-Zyryan of Komi

  • Komi A. S. S. R. (republic, Russia)

    Komi, republic in northwestern Russia. Syktyvkar is the capital. The republic extends from the crest line of the Northern Urals on the east to the Timan Ridge and the upper basins of the Mezen and Vychegda rivers on the west. The republic lies mainly in the flat, featureless basin of the Pechora

  • Komi language

    Saint Stephen of Perm: …to the territory of the Komi (then known as Zyryans), located in the frigid lands southeast of the White Sea between the Pechora and Vychegda rivers.

  • Komi-Permyak (former okrug, Russia)

    Komi-Permyak, former autonomous okrug (district), western Russia. In 2005 Komi-Permyak merged with Perm oblast (region) to form Perm kray (territory). The autonomous district was formed in 1925 for the Komi-Permyaks, a branch of the Finno-Ugric Komi people. The area consists of low, rolling

  • Komi-Permyak (people)

    Komi: …Komi-Zyryan of Komi republic; the Komi-Permyaks (or Permyaks) of Komi-Permyak autonomous okrug (district) to the south; and the Komi-Yazua to the east of the okrug and south of Komi republic. The economic activities of the Komi vary from reindeer herding, hunting, fishing, and lumbering in the north (with a mining…

  • Komi-Permyak language

    Permic languages: Udmurt (Votyak), Komi (Zyryan), and Permyak (Komi-Permyak) languages. The Permic languages are spoken along the northern and western reaches of the Ural Mountains in Russia in and around Udmurtia and Komi. Udmurt has little dialectal variation, but Komi has many distinctive dialects divided into two major groups: Northern (Zyryan) Komi…

  • Komi-Yazua (people)

    Komi: …to the south; and the Komi-Yazua to the east of the okrug and south of Komi republic. The economic activities of the Komi vary from reindeer herding, hunting, fishing, and lumbering in the north (with a mining centre above the Arctic Circle at Vorkuta) to agriculture, industry, and mining in…

  • Komi-Zyryan (people)

    Komi: …comprise three major groups: the Komi-Zyryan of Komi republic; the Komi-Permyaks (or Permyaks) of Komi-Permyak autonomous okrug (district) to the south; and the Komi-Yazua to the east of the okrug and south of Komi republic. The economic activities of the Komi vary from reindeer herding, hunting, fishing, and lumbering in…

  • Komi-Zyryan language

    Saint Stephen of Perm: …to the territory of the Komi (then known as Zyryans), located in the frigid lands southeast of the White Sea between the Pechora and Vychegda rivers.

  • Kominski, David Daniel (American actor)

    Danny Kaye, energetic multitalented American actor and comedian who later became known for his involvement with humanitarian causes. The son of Ukrainian immigrants, Kaye began his performing career in the 1930s as a comic entertainer in hotels in the Catskill Mountains and in nightclubs across the

  • Kominsky Method, The (American television series)

    Alan Arkin: …and in the Netflix series The Kominsky Method (2018– ) he starred as the longtime agent of an aging actor turned acting coach. He also played a boxing coach in the Netflix action-comedy Spenser Confidential (2020).

  • Komisarjevsky, Theodore (Russian theatrical producer)

    Theodore Komisarjevsky, Russian theatrical director and designer, one of the most colourful figures of the European theatre of his time. Of Russian parentage—his father was the opera singer Fyodor Petrovich Komissarzhevsky—he immigrated to England in 1919 and lived primarily in the United States

  • Komissarzhevskaya, Vera (Russian actress)

    Vera Komissarzhevskaya, Russian actress and producer whose career linked the practice of the aristocratic Russian theatre with many of those who would eventually establish the avant-garde theatre after the Russian Revolution. Komissarzhevskaya’s father, Fyodor, was a prominent opera star and

  • Komissarzhevskaya, Vera Fyodorovna, Countess Muravyova (Russian actress)

    Vera Komissarzhevskaya, Russian actress and producer whose career linked the practice of the aristocratic Russian theatre with many of those who would eventually establish the avant-garde theatre after the Russian Revolution. Komissarzhevskaya’s father, Fyodor, was a prominent opera star and

  • Komissarzhevsky, Fyodor Fyodorovich (Russian theatrical producer)

    Theodore Komisarjevsky, Russian theatrical director and designer, one of the most colourful figures of the European theatre of his time. Of Russian parentage—his father was the opera singer Fyodor Petrovich Komissarzhevsky—he immigrated to England in 1919 and lived primarily in the United States

  • Komitas (Armenian composer)

    Komitas, ethnomusicologist and composer who created the basis for a distinctive national musical style in Armenia. Orphaned at age 11, he was sent to study liturgical singing at a seminary in Vagarshapat (now Ejmiadzin) in Armenia. He graduated in 1893 and adopted the name Komitas, that of a

  • Komitet Gosudarstvennoy Bezopasnosti (agency, Soviet Union)

    KGB, foreign intelligence and domestic security agency of the Soviet Union. During the Soviet era the KGB’s responsibilities also included the protection of the country’s political leadership, the supervision of border troops, and the general surveillance of the population. Established in 1954, the

  • Komitet Obrony Robotników (Polish labour committee)

    Poland: Communist Poland: A Workers’ Defense Committee (KOR) arose and sought to bridge the gap between the intelligentsia, which had been isolated in 1968, and the workers, who had received no support in 1970. The names of such dissidents as Jacek Kuroń and Adam Michnik became internationally known. Other…

  • Komló (Hungary)

    Baranya: Komló, 8 miles (13 km) north of Pécs, developed as a planned coal-mining town in the 1950s, but mining ceased there in 2000https://journals.openedition.org/geomorphologie/7989. Baranya is also known for thermal springs and mineral waters.

  • Komlós Quartet (Hungarian music group)

    Bartók String Quartet, Hungarian musical ensemble that is one of the world’s most renowned string quartets. It was founded in 1957 as the Komlós Quartet by graduates of the College of Musical Arts in Budapest: first violinist Péter Komlós, second violinist Sándor Devich, violist Géza Németh, and

  • Kommamur Canal (canal, India)

    Kommamur Canal, canal in eastern Andhra Pradesh state and northeastern Tamil Nādu state, southeastern India. It was constructed section by section between 1806 and 1882 along the backwaters of the Coromandel Coast, which extends for a distance of 680 miles (1,100 km) from Cape Comorin northward t

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