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  • Kopf, Der (work by Mann)

    Heinrich Mann: …Patrioteer); and Der Kopf (1925; The Chief)—carries even further his indictment of the social types produced by the authoritarian state. These novels were accompanied by essays attacking the arrogance of authority and the subservience of the subjects. A lighter work of this period is Die kleine Stadt (1909; The Little…

  • K?pfel, Wolfgang (German religious reformer)

    Wolfgang Fabricius Capito, Christian humanist and Roman Catholic priest who, breaking with his Roman faith, became a primary Reformer at Strasbourg. Educated at the German universities of Ingolstadt and Freiburg, Capito became a diocesan preacher (1512) in Bruchsal, where he met the future

  • Kopfgeburten; oder, die Deutschen sterben aus (work by Grass)

    Günter Grass: …die Deutschen sterben aus (1980; Headbirths; or, The Germans Are Dying Out), which describes a young couple’s agonizing over whether to have a child in the face of a population explosion and the threat of nuclear war; Die R?ttin (1986; The Rat), a vision of the end of the human…

  • Kophes (river, Pakistan-Afghanistan)

    Kābul River, river in eastern Afghanistan and northwestern Pakistan, 435 miles (700 km) long, of which 350 miles (560 km) are in Afghanistan. Rising in the Sanglākh Range 45 miles (72 km) west of Kabul city, it flows east past Kabul and Jalālābād, north of the Khyber Pass into Pakistan, and past

  • kopi luwak (coffee)

    Kopi luwak, (Indonesian: “civet coffee”) the coffee bean or specialty coffee that is digested by, fermented within, and then excreted by the Asian palm civet—popularly called a luwak in Indonesia but found throughout South and Southeast Asia. The coffee bean produced in that manner was discovered

  • Kopili River (river, India)

    Jaintia Hills: The Kopili River, which is the largest stream in the region, is rocky and swift and has many spectacular waterfalls. There are several species of rare wildlife.

  • Kopisch, August (German painter and poet)

    August Kopisch, German painter and poet known for his Gedichte (1836; “Poems”) and Allerlei Geister (1848; “All Kinds of Spirits”), poetry based on legends and fairy tales and written with a simplicity and appeal that made it widely popular. Kopisch studied painting and archaeology in Italy

  • Kopit, Arthur (American playwright)

    Arthur Kopit, American playwright best known for Oh Dad, Poor Dad, Mama’s Hung You in the Closet and I’m Feelin’ So Sad (1960). Subtitled “a pseudoclassical tragifarce in a bastard French tradition,” the play parodies the Theater of the Absurd, the Oedipus complex, and the conventions of

  • Kopit, Arthur Lee (American playwright)

    Arthur Kopit, American playwright best known for Oh Dad, Poor Dad, Mama’s Hung You in the Closet and I’m Feelin’ So Sad (1960). Subtitled “a pseudoclassical tragifarce in a bastard French tradition,” the play parodies the Theater of the Absurd, the Oedipus complex, and the conventions of

  • Kopitar, Jernej (Slovene poet)

    Slovenia: The later Habsburg era: …ideal, the poet and philologist Jernej Kopitar published the first grammar of the Slovene language in 1808. In his position as imperial censor, Kopitar made the acquaintance of the great Serb linguistic reformer Vuk Karad?i?, and he tried to apply Karad?i?’s ideas concerning the standardization of Slavonic orthography to Slovene…

  • kopje (geology)

    veld: Physiography: …and scattered steep-sided hills called kopjes, or koppies. The Highveld plains are thought to have been created by pedimentation, in which the areas around resistant rock are eroded away, leaving mountains of low relief and kopjes. Large areas of the western part of the region are also covered by “pans,”…

  • Koplik spot (medicine)

    measles: Transmission and symptoms: …the mouth typical maculae, called Koplik spots—bluish white specks surrounded by bright red areas about 132 inch (0.75 mm) in diameter. After a day or two the rash becomes a deeper red and gradually fades, the temperature drops rapidly, and the catarrhal symptoms disappear.

  • Kopp, Hermann Franz Moritz (German chemist)

    Hermann Franz Moritz Kopp, German chemist and historian of chemistry whose studies of the relation of physical properties to chemical structure pioneered physical organic chemistry. Kopp became Privatdozent (unsalaried lecturer) at the University of Giessen in 1841. In that year he began work on

  • Kopp, Magdalena (wife of Ramírez Sánchez)

    Carlos the Jackal: Carlos married Magdalena Kopp, a West German member of the OAAS, in 1979, and her arrest by French police in 1982 triggered a series of reprisals. Throughout the spring and summer of that year, France was rocked by a wave of deadly bombings, one of which targeted…

  • Kopp, Wendy (founder of Teach for America)

    Teach for America: …America (TFA) was founded by Wendy Kopp, who first conceived of the idea in her senior thesis at Princeton University. With the goal of getting highly competent college graduates to make a two-year commitment to teach in struggling schools, Kopp raised $2.5 million in order to begin recruiting college students…

  • koppa tengu (Japanese mythology)

    tengu: …a group of retainers called koppa tengu (“leaflet” tengu) who act as his messengers. In popular art they are shown as smaller winged creatures with long red noses or beaklike mouths.

  • Kopparberg (former county, Sweden)

    Kopparberg, former l?n (county) of central Sweden, centred on Lake Siljan. Founded as a county in 1647, it was renamed Dalarna county in

  • Koppeh Dāgh (mountains, Asia)

    Kopet-Dag Range, mountain range on the border between Turkmenistan and Iran. It runs northwest-southeast for more than 400 miles (645 km), from near the Caspian Sea (northwest) to the Harīrūd (Turkmen: Tejen) River (southeast). Kūh-e Qūchān, in Iran, with an elevation of 10,466 feet (3,190 metres),

  • Koppel, Ted (American newscaster)

    Nightline: Hosted by Ted Koppel, the show had strong viewership ratings in its time slot and carved out a unique late-night niche for hard news. In 1980 it was given a permanent half-hour time slot and renamed Nightline.

  • Koppelpoort (water gate, Amersfoort, Netherlands)

    Amersfoort: …walls remain, as does the Koppelpoort (a water gate dating from about 1400 and spanning the Eem). Landmarks include the 13th–16th-century Sint Joris Church and the Gothic Tower of Our Lady (the bell tower of a church destroyed in 1787). There is a regional museum, a government archaeological research station,…

  • K?ppen climate classification (climatology)

    K?ppen climate classification, widely used, vegetation-based, empirical climate classification system developed by German botanist-climatologist Wladimir K?ppen. His aim was to devise formulas that would define climatic boundaries in such a way as to correspond to those of the vegetation zones

  • K?ppen, Vladimir (German climatologist)

    Wladimir K?ppen, German meteorologist and climatologist best known for his delineation and mapping of the climatic regions of the world. He played a major role in the advancement of climatology and meteorology for more than 70 years. His achievements, practical and theoretical, profoundly

  • K?ppen, Wladimir Peter (German climatologist)

    Wladimir K?ppen, German meteorologist and climatologist best known for his delineation and mapping of the climatic regions of the world. He played a major role in the advancement of climatology and meteorology for more than 70 years. His achievements, practical and theoretical, profoundly

  • K?ppen-Geiger-Pohl climate classification (climatology)

    K?ppen climate classification, widely used, vegetation-based, empirical climate classification system developed by German botanist-climatologist Wladimir K?ppen. His aim was to devise formulas that would define climatic boundaries in such a way as to correspond to those of the vegetation zones

  • K?ppen-Supan line (geographical boundary)

    timberline: The K?ppen–Supan line was devised by the Austrian geographer Alexander Supan (1879) for this purpose and was used by K?ppen (1900) as the boundary between the tundra and tree climates in his first climatic classification; it connects points with an average temperature of 10° C (50°…

  • Koppers, Wilhelm (German anthropologist)

    Wilhelm Koppers, Roman Catholic priest and cultural anthropologist who advocated a comparative, historical approach to understanding cultural phenomena and whose investigations of hunting and food-gathering tribes produced theories on the origin and development of society. A student of

  • Koppers-Totzek process (technology)

    coal utilization: The Koppers-Totzek system: The Koppers-Totzek gasifier has been the most successful entrained-flow gasifier. This process uses pulverized coal (usually less than 74 micrometres) blown into the gasifier by a mixture of steam and oxygen. The gasifier is operated at atmospheric pressure and at high temperatures of…

  • koppie (geology)

    veld: Physiography: …and scattered steep-sided hills called kopjes, or koppies. The Highveld plains are thought to have been created by pedimentation, in which the areas around resistant rock are eroded away, leaving mountains of low relief and kopjes. Large areas of the western part of the region are also covered by “pans,”…

  • Kopra, Timothy (American astronaut)

    Tim Peake: Tim Kopra and Russian cosmonaut Yury Malenchenko. Three days later they reached the ISS. On January 15, 2016, he and Kopra exited the hatch of the space station on an assignment to replace a failed voltage regulator for the station’s solar panels. They worked in…

  • Kop?ivnice (Czech Republic)

    Kop?ivnice, town, northeastern Czech Republic. It is the headquarters and manufacturing centre of the Tatra enterprises and is noted for the production of automobiles and trucks—many of the latter for export. The area around Kop?ivnice and ?tramberk, just to the west, produces building stone, lime,

  • Koprowski, Hilary (Polish-born virologist)

    Hilary Koprowski, Polish-born virologist (born Dec. 5, 1916, Warsaw, Pol.—died April 11, 2013, Wynnewood, near Philadelphia, Pa.), developed, and in 1950 conducted the first clinical trial of, an orally administered attenuated live vaccine for poliomyelitis. Koprowski’s breakthrough discovery of an

  • K?prülü family (Ottoman viziers)

    Mehmed IV: …of revival under the able K?prülü viziers. Mehmed IV, however, devoted himself to hunting rather than to affairs of state.

  • K?prülü Faz?l Ahmed Pa?a (Ottoman vizier)

    K?prülü Faz?l Ahmed Pa?a, eldest son of K?prülü Mehmed Pa?a and his successor as grand vizier (1661–76) under the Ottoman sultan Mehmed IV. His administration was marked by a succession of wars with Austria (1663–64), Venice (1669), and Poland (1672–76), securing such territories as Crete and the

  • K?prülü Faz?l Mustafa Pa?a (Ottoman vizier)

    K?prülü Faz?l Mustafa Pa?a, Ottoman vizier and then grand vizier (1689–91) who helped overthrow the sultan Mehmed IV but was himself killed in the disastrous Battle of Slankamen (1691). Faz?l Mustafa Pa?a was the second son of the grand vizier K?prülü Mehmed Pa?a. He received a theological

  • K?prülü Mehmed Pa?a (Ottoman grand vizier)

    K?prülü Mehmed Pa?a, grand vizier (1656–61) under the Ottoman sultan Mehmed IV. He suppressed insurgents and rivals, reorganized the army, and defeated the Venetian fleet (1657), thereby restoring the central authority of the Ottoman Empire. He became the founder of an illustrious family of grand

  • K?prülüzade (Turkish statesman)

    Mehmed Fuat K?prülü, scholar, historian, and statesman who made important contributions to the history of Turkey and its literature. A descendant of the famous 17th-century Ottoman prime ministers (grand viziers), K?prülü began teaching at the famous Galatasaray Lycée (secondary school) in C

  • Kops, Bernard (British playwright, novelist, and poet)

    Bernard Kops, English playwright, novelist, and poet known for his works of unabashed sentimentality. Kops left school at the age of 13 and worked at various odd jobs before beginning to write. He established himself with his first play, The Hamlet of Stepney Green (1959), a reversal of the family

  • Koptos (Egypt)

    Qif?, agricultural town, Qinā mu?āfa?ah (governorate), Upper Egypt. It is situated at the large bend of the Nile north of Luxor (al-Uq?ur) and lies along the east bank of the river. Known to the ancient Egyptians as Qebtu, the town was of early dynastic foundation. It was important for nearby gold

  • kor (unit of measurement)

    measurement system: The Babylonians: …liquid volumetric measures; the liquid kor was the same size as the dry homer, and the liquid bat corresponded to the dry ?efa.

  • KOR (Polish labour committee)

    Poland: Communist Poland: A Workers’ Defense Committee (KOR) arose and sought to bridge the gap between the intelligentsia, which had been isolated in 1968, and the workers, who had received no support in 1970. The names of such dissidents as Jacek Kuroń and Adam Michnik became internationally known. Other…

  • kora (musical instrument)

    Kora, long-necked harp lute of the Malinke people of western Africa. The instrument’s body is composed of a long hardwood neck that passes through a calabash gourd resonator, itself covered by a leather soundboard. Twenty-one leather or nylon strings are attached to the top of the neck with leather

  • Korab, Mount (mountain, Europe)

    Albania: Relief: …block of Albania’s highest peak, Mount Korab, rises to 9,030 feet (2,752 metres).

  • Korah, sons of (biblical literature)

    biblical literature: Psalms: …to David, Asaph, and the sons of Korah, among others. It is generally held that Asaph and the sons of Korah indicate collections belonging to guilds of temple singers. Other possible collections include the Songs of Ascents, probably pilgrim songs in origin, the Hallelujah Psalms, and a group of 55…

  • korai (Greek sculpture)

    Kore, type of freestanding statue of a maiden—the female counterpart of the kouros, or standing youth—that appeared with the beginning of Greek monumental sculpture in about 660 bc and remained to the end of the Archaic period in about 500 bc. Over this period the kore remained essentially the

  • Korai fūteishō (work by Fujiwara)

    Fujiwara Shunzei: Korai fūteishō (1197, revised 1201; “Notes on Poetic Style Through the Ages”) is considered his major critical work.

  • Kora?s, Adamántios (Greek scholar)

    Adamántios Kora?s, Greek humanist scholar whose advocacy of a revived classicism laid the intellectual foundations for the Greek struggle for independence. His influence on modern Greek language and culture was enormous. Kora?s, the son of a merchant, studied medicine at the University of

  • Koran (sacred text)

    Qur?ān, (Arabic: “Recitation”) the sacred scripture of Islam. According to conventional Islamic belief, the Qur?ān was revealed by the angel Gabriel to the Prophet Muhammad in the West Arabian towns Mecca and Medina beginning in 610 and ending with Muhammad’s death in 632 ce. The word qur?ān, which

  • Korana (people)

    Southern Africa: Increasing violence in other parts of Southern Africa: Griqua, Korana, Bergenaars, and Oorlams, competed for land and water with the Tswana and Nama communities and traded for or raided their ivory and cattle in the late 18th and early 19th centuries. By the 1800s the extension of the firearms frontier was disrupting the Orange…

  • Koraput (India)

    Koraput, town, southwestern Odisha (Orissa) state, eastern India. The town is located at an elevation above 3,000 feet (900 metres) in the Eastern Ghats mountain range just east-southeast of Jeypore. Most of the people of the surrounding area live in tribal communities and are engaged in

  • Korarchaeota (archaea phylum)

    archaea: …one minor ancient lineage, the Korarchaeota. Other subdivisions have been proposed, including Nanoarchaeota and Thaumarchaeota.

  • Korat Plateau (plateau, Thailand)

    Khorat Plateau, saucer-shaped tableland of northeastern Thailand. It occupies 60,000 square miles (155,000 square km), is situated 300–650 feet (90–200 m) above sea level, and tilts southeastward. The plateau is drained by the Chi and Mun rivers and is bounded by the Mekong River (north and east

  • Korau, Muhammad (king of Katsina)

    Katsina: …introduced in the 1450s, and Muhammad Korau (reigned late 15th century) was Katsina’s first Muslim king. During his reign camel caravans crossed the Sahara from Ghudāmis (Ghadames), Tripoli, and Tunis southward to Katsina and brought such prosperity to the state that it became caught in the rivalry between the great…

  • Korb, Nathan (French singer and songwriter)

    Francis Lemarque, (Nathan Korb), French singer and songwriter (born Nov. 25, 1917, Paris, France—died April 20, 2002, La Varenne-Saint-Hilaire, France), during a nearly 70-year career, wrote some 1,000 chansons, notably à Paris, Marjolaine, Bal petit bal, and the ardent pacifist anthem Quand un s

  • Korbel, Marie Jana (United States secretary of state)

    Madeleine Albright, Czech-born American public official who served as U.S. ambassador to the United Nations (1993–97) and who was the first woman to hold the cabinet post of U.S. secretary of state (1997–2001). Marie Jana Korbel was the daughter of a Czech diplomat. After the Nazis occupied

  • Korbut flip (gymnastics)

    Olga Korbut: …the Korbut salto and the Korbut flip, respectively. In the 1970 meet she won a gold medal in the vault.

  • Korbut salto (gymnastics)

    Olga Korbut: …moves became known as the Korbut salto and the Korbut flip, respectively. In the 1970 meet she won a gold medal in the vault.

  • Korbut, Olga (Soviet gymnast)

    Olga Korbut, Soviet gymnast who won three gold medals at the 1972 Olympic Games in Munich. At age 11, Korbut entered a Soviet sports school led by Renald Knysh, her future coach. In 1969 she competed in her first U.S.S.R. championship, placing fifth. At the meet she became the first gymnast to

  • Korbut, Olga Valentinovna (Soviet gymnast)

    Olga Korbut, Soviet gymnast who won three gold medals at the 1972 Olympic Games in Munich. At age 11, Korbut entered a Soviet sports school led by Renald Knysh, her future coach. In 1969 she competed in her first U.S.S.R. championship, placing fifth. At the meet she became the first gymnast to

  • Kor?a (Albania)

    Kor??, city, southeastern Albania. It began as a feudal estate in the 13th century, and in 1484 the local lord, Koja Mirahor ?lyas Bey, a Muslim convert active in the Ottoman siege of Constantinople (1453; now Istanbul), returned to the site and built the mosque that bears his name. In the 17th,

  • Kor?? (Albania)

    Kor??, city, southeastern Albania. It began as a feudal estate in the 13th century, and in 1484 the local lord, Koja Mirahor ?lyas Bey, a Muslim convert active in the Ottoman siege of Constantinople (1453; now Istanbul), returned to the site and built the mosque that bears his name. In the 17th,

  • Korcha (Albania)

    Kor??, city, southeastern Albania. It began as a feudal estate in the 13th century, and in 1484 the local lord, Koja Mirahor ?lyas Bey, a Muslim convert active in the Ottoman siege of Constantinople (1453; now Istanbul), returned to the site and built the mosque that bears his name. In the 17th,

  • Korchev (Ukraine)

    Kerch, city and seaport, Crimea republic, southern Ukraine, on the western shore of the Strait of Kerch at the head of a small bay. Founded in the 6th century bc by Miletan Greeks, it flourished as a trading centre, and in the 5th century it became the capital of the kingdom of the Cimmerian

  • Korchnoi, Viktor (Russian chess grandmaster)

    Viktor Korchnoi, world chess champion contender who was one of the fiercest competitors in the history of chess. During his prime years he was known as “Viktor the Terrible.” As a youngster, Korchnoi lived through the World War II siege of Leningrad (1941–43). He became a Soviet chess master in

  • Kor?ula (town, Croatia)

    Kor?ula: …though not the largest, settlement, Kor?ula, stands on a rock headland near the eastern end of the island. The old town is completely walled, and in the early 16th century it was inhabited by about 4,000 people. A plague devastated the town in 1529, depleting the population. The burned houses…

  • Kor?ula (island, Croatia)

    Kor?ula, island in the Adriatic Sea, off the Dalmatian coast, in Croatia. With an area of 107 square miles (276 square km), it has a hilly interior rising to 1,863 feet (568 metres). The Greeks colonized it in the 4th century bce. Kor?ula was subsequently occupied by the Romans, Goths, Slavs,

  • Korczak (film by Wajda)

    Andrzej Wajda: The highly acclaimed Korczak (1990) is a true story of the final days of Henryk Goldszmit (better known by his pen name Janusz Korczak), a Jewish doctor, writer, and child advocate who, in order to maintain his orphanage, refused to escape Nazi-occupied Poland during World War II. Wajda’s…

  • Korczak, Janusz (Polish physician)

    Andrzej Wajda: …known by his pen name Janusz Korczak), a Jewish doctor, writer, and child advocate who, in order to maintain his orphanage, refused to escape Nazi-occupied Poland during World War II. Wajda’s other films include Nastasja (1994); Pan Tadeusz (1999), which is based on Adam Mickiewicz’s epic poem of the same…

  • Korda, Alberto (Cuban photographer)

    Alberto Korda, (Alberto Díaz Gutiérrez), Cuban photographer (born Sept. 14, 1928, Havana, Cuba—died May 25, 2001, Paris, France), took one of the most famous photographs of the 20th century—a 1960 image of guerrilla leader Che Guevara that was widely reproduced on posters, cards, and T-shirts. K

  • Korda, Sir Alexander (British film director)

    Sir Alexander Korda, Hungarian-born British motion-picture director and producer who made major contributions to the development of Britain’s film industry. Before he was 20 years old he was working as a journalist in Budapest, and in 1914 he started the film periodical Pesti Mozi (“Budapest

  • Korda, Vincent (British art director)

    history of the motion picture: Great Britain: brothers Alexander, Zoltán, and Vincent Korda, who founded London Films in 1932 and collaborated on some of England’s most spectacular pre-World War II productions (e.g., The Private Life of Henry VIII, 1933; Rembrandt, 1936; Elephant Boy, 1937; The Four Feathers, 1939), and John Grierson, who produced such outstanding documentaries…

  • Korda, Zoltan (Hungarian-born filmmaker)

    Zoltan Korda, Hungarian-born film director best known for such war dramas as The Four Feathers (1939) and Sahara (1943). He was the younger brother of Sándor Kellner, who later adopted the name Alexander Korda and became a noted director and producer; early in his career, Zoltan also changed his

  • kordax (dance)

    Western dance: Dance in Classical Greece: …they danced the very popular kordax, a mask dance of uninhibited lasciviousness. In the tragedies, the chorus performed the emmeleia, a dignified dance with flute accompaniment.

  • Kordelia (Turkey)

    Kar?iyaka, former town, west-central Turkey. It is located on the north shore of the Gulf of ?zmir, and it constitutes a northwestern district of ?zmir city. Kar?iyaka is a shipbuilding centre with port facilities. The adjoining area is mostly agricultural; manufactures include cotton and woolen

  • Kordestān (region, Asia)

    Kurdistan, broadly defined geographic region traditionally inhabited mainly by Kurds. It consists of an extensive plateau and mountain area, spread over large parts of what are now eastern Turkey, northern Iraq, and western Iran and smaller parts of northern Syria and Armenia. Two of these

  • Kordestān (region, Iran)

    Kordestān, geographic region, northwestern Iran. It is bounded by the Iranian region of Azerbaijan on the north, and it borders Iraq on the west. The name Kordestān means “Country of the Kurds,” referring to the region’s principal inhabitants. After the Turkish invasion of Iran in the 11th century

  • Kordian i cham (work by Kruczkowski)

    Leon Kruczkowski: …Kruczkowski published his first novel, Kordian i cham (“Kordian and the Boor”), in 1932. It was—as the author himself put it—“an attempt to show the peasant question in Poland from the broad perspectives of historical development.” Using the Marxist view of the historical process, Kruczkowski saw the causes of the…

  • Kordofan (historical region, Sudan)

    Kordofan, region constituting the central and southern area of Sudan. It lies between Darfur on the west and the valley of the White Nile River on the east. Kordofan was originally inhabited by brown-skinned Nubian-speaking peoples, and the region’s name may be derived from the Nubian word kurta,

  • Kordofanian languages

    Kordofanian languages, a branch of the Niger-Congo language family that is geographically separated from the rest of the Niger-Congo languages and is believed to represent the oldest layer of languages in the region. The Kordofanian branch consists of some 20 languages spoken by 250,000 to 500,000

  • Kore (African society)

    African art: Bambara (Bamana): The Kore, which challenges immoral authority and hypocritical morality through sexually explicit gestures and buffoonery, once employed masks representing the hyena, lion, monkey, antelope, and horse but now is represented primarily through puppet performances. Ancestor figures of the Bambara clearly derive from the same artistic tradition…

  • kore (Greek sculpture)

    Kore, type of freestanding statue of a maiden—the female counterpart of the kouros, or standing youth—that appeared with the beginning of Greek monumental sculpture in about 660 bc and remained to the end of the Archaic period in about 500 bc. Over this period the kore remained essentially the

  • Korea (historical nation, Asia)

    Korea, history of the Korean peninsula from prehistoric times to the 1953 armistice ending the Korean War (1950–53). For later developments, see North Korea: History; and South Korea: History. Archaeological, linguistic, and legendary sources support the view that the Korean peninsula was settled

  • Korea

    North Korea, country in East Asia. It occupies the northern portion of the Korean peninsula, which juts out from the Asian mainland between the East Sea (Sea of Japan) and the Yellow Sea; North Korea covers about 55 percent of the peninsula’s land area. The country is bordered by China and Russia

  • Korea

    South Korea, country in East Asia. It occupies the southern portion of the Korean peninsula. The country is bordered by the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (North Korea) to the north, the East Sea (Sea of Japan) to the east, the East China Sea to the south, and the Yellow Sea to the west; to

  • Korea Baseball Organization (Korean sports organization)

    baseball: Baseball in Asia and the Pacific: …is a professional league, the Korea Baseball Organization, that has fielded an eight-team circuit since 1982. Taiwan, which has produced several Little League world champion teams, has two professional leagues, the Chinese Professional Baseball League, a four-team league that started in 1990, and the Taiwan Major League, a four-team league…

  • Korea Bay (bay, Yellow Sea)

    Korea Bay, inlet that forms the northeastern arm of the Yellow Sea between the Liao-tung Peninsula (in Liaoning province), China, and western North Korea. Korea Bay receives three of the major rivers of North Korea—the Yalu (which rises on Mount Paektu and forms much of the China–North Korea

  • Korea Cold Current, North (current, Sea of Japan)

    North Korea Cold Current, surface oceanic current flowing southward east of Korea near Vladivostok, Russia. The North Korea Cold Current forms a small counterclockwise gyre in the Sea of

  • Korea Space Launch Vehicle-1 (South Korean launch vehicles)

    Korea Space Launch Vehicle-1 (KSLV-1), series of South Korean launch vehicles that were designed to launch Earth-orbiting satellites and that brought South Korea into the club of space nations. The KSLV-1 is 33 metres (108 feet) tall and 3.9 metres (12.8 feet) in diameter. It has two stages: a

  • Korea Strait (passage, Pacific Ocean)

    Korea Strait, passage of the northwest Pacific extending northeast from the East China Sea to the Sea of Japan (East Sea) between the south coast of the Korean peninsula (northwest) and the Japanese islands of Kyushu and Honshu. The strait, which is 300 feet (90 m) deep, is bisected by the

  • Korea Warm Current, East (current, Sea of Japan)

    East Korea Warm Current, surface oceanic current, the northward-flowing branch of the Tsushima Current in the Sea of Japan. After flowing along the coast of Korea, the East Korea Warm Current turns eastward and divides into the Tsugaru Warm Current and the Sōya Warm Current. The Tsugaru Warm

  • Korea, Bank of (South Korean bank)

    South Korea: Finance: The government-owned Bank of Korea, headquartered in Seoul, is the country’s central bank, issuing currency and overseeing all banking activity. All banks were nationalized in the early 1960s, but by the early 1990s these largely had been returned to private ownership. Foreign branch banking has been allowed…

  • Korea, Democratic People’s Republic of

    North Korea, country in East Asia. It occupies the northern portion of the Korean peninsula, which juts out from the Asian mainland between the East Sea (Sea of Japan) and the Yellow Sea; North Korea covers about 55 percent of the peninsula’s land area. The country is bordered by China and Russia

  • Korea, North

    North Korea, country in East Asia. It occupies the northern portion of the Korean peninsula, which juts out from the Asian mainland between the East Sea (Sea of Japan) and the Yellow Sea; North Korea covers about 55 percent of the peninsula’s land area. The country is bordered by China and Russia

  • Korea, North, flag of

    national flag consisting of two horizontal stripes of blue separated from a wide red central stripe by thinner stripes of white; off-centre toward the hoist is a white disk bearing a red star. The flag has a width-to-length ratio of 1 to 2.The northern part of Korea saw the establishment of a

  • Korea, North, history of

    North Korea: History: The following is a treatment of North Korea since the Korean War. For a discussion of the earlier history of the peninsula, see Korea.

  • Korea, Republic of

    South Korea, country in East Asia. It occupies the southern portion of the Korean peninsula. The country is bordered by the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (North Korea) to the north, the East Sea (Sea of Japan) to the east, the East China Sea to the south, and the Yellow Sea to the west; to

  • Korea, South

    South Korea, country in East Asia. It occupies the southern portion of the Korean peninsula. The country is bordered by the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (North Korea) to the north, the East Sea (Sea of Japan) to the east, the East China Sea to the south, and the Yellow Sea to the west; to

  • Korea, South, flag of

    national flag consisting of a white field bearing a central red-blue disk and four groups of black bars. The flag has a width-to-length ratio of 2 to 3.The need for a national flag arose in Korea in the late 19th century when, under pressure from its powerful neighbours, China and Japan, Korea

  • Korea, South, history of

    South Korea: South Korea to 1961: The First Republic, established in August 1948, adopted a presidential system, and Syngman Rhee was subsequently elected its first president. South Korea also adopted a National Security Law, which effectively prohibited groups that opposed the state or expressions

  • Korean (people)

    China: Other languages: A significant number of Koreans are concentrated in an autonomous prefecture in eastern Jilin along the North Korean border.

  • Korean Air Lines flight 007 (air disaster near Sakhalin Island, Russia [1983])

    Korean Air Lines flight 007, flight of a passenger jet that was shot down by Soviet air-to-air missiles on September 1, 1983, near Sakhalin Island, Russia, killing all 269 persons on board. It was en route to Seoul from Anchorage, Alaska, when it strayed more than 200 miles (322 km) from its

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