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  • Korean alphabet (Korean alphabet)

    Hangul, (Korean: “Great Script”) alphabetic system used for writing the Korean language. The system, known as Chos?n muntcha in North Korea, consists of 24 letters (originally 28), including 14 consonants and 10 vowels. The consonant characters are formed with curved or angled lines. The vowels are

  • Korean Alps (mountains, North Korea)

    Hamgy?ng Mountains, mountain range, northeastern North Korea. The range forms a watershed that separates the northern frontier area along the Chinese border from the eastern Sea of Japan (East Sea) area. The Hamgy?ng Mountains lie on the northeastern edge of the Kaema Highlands and stretch

  • Korean architecture

    Korean architecture, the built structures of Korea and their context. Like the other arts of Korea, architecture is characterized by naturalistic tendencies, simplicity, economy of shape, and the avoidance of extremes. What was a sharply curving Chinese roof was modified in Korea into a gently

  • Korean art

    Korean art, the painting, calligraphy, pottery, sculpture, lacquerware, and other fine or decorative visual arts produced by the peoples of Korea over the centuries. (Although Korean architecture is touched on here, it is also the subject of a separate article.) The art produced by peoples living

  • Korean calligraphy

    Korean calligraphy, the Korean art of beautiful writing as it was derived from Chinese calligraphy. Koreans have used Chinese characters probably since the 2nd or 3rd century ce. Even after the invention of Hangul in 1447, Chinese was used as the official script until the 19th century. A few

  • Korean Central Intelligence Agency (government organization, South Korea)

    intelligence: South Korea: The agency, renamed the National Intelligence Service in 1999, collects and coordinates national security intelligence. The Defense Security Command of the Ministry of National Defense and the National Intelligence Service are responsible for the collection of national security intelligence, particularly with regard to the threat from North Korea. The…

  • Korean Council for the Women Drafted for Military Sexual Slavery by Japan

    comfort women: …Korea joined to establish the Korean Council for the Women Drafted for Military Sexual Slavery by Japan after initial Japanese denial of responsibility. The council asked for an admittance of culpability, an apology, a memorial, and financial compensation for victims and that Japanese textbooks be appropriately altered to reflect the…

  • Korean folk opera (Korean music)

    P’ansori, a genre of narrative song of Korea, typically performed dramatically by a vocalist, accompanied by a puk (double-headed barrel drum). Built from the word p’an, meaning “open space,” and sori, meaning “singing” or “sound,” the term p’ansori itself is a reference to the markets, public

  • Korean hemorrhagic fever (pathology)

    hantavirus: …illnesses to be characterized was Korean hemorrhagic fever (also called hemorrhagic nephroso-nephritis), recognized during the Korean War (1950–53). Korean hemorrhagic fever is fatal in 5 to 15 percent of cases. It is caused by the Hantaan virus and is carried by the striped field mouse (Apodemus agrarius), a type of…

  • Korean hornbeam (plant)

    hornbeam: …brown when unfolding; the smaller Korean hornbeam (C. eximia), usually 9 m tall, has egg-shaped, slender-pointed, downy leaves.

  • Korean Industries, Federation of (South Korean business organization)

    Kim Woo Choong: …over as chairman of the Federation of Korean Industries (FKI). The FKI, which represented the interests of several hundred companies, was considered South Korea’s most powerful business organization. Kim tried to use his new position to help combat South Korea’s economic slump, the worst since the end of the Korean…

  • Korean juneberry (plant)

    serviceberry: …ranges over Europe, and the Asian serviceberry, or Korean juneberry (A. asiatica), which is a small tree native to East Asia. The name shadbush refers to the tendency of certain species to produce their profuse small blossoms when American shad (Alosa sapidissima) swim upriver to spawn in early spring. Several…

  • Korean language

    Korean language, language spoken by more than 75 million people, of whom 48 million live in South Korea and 24 million in North Korea. There are more than 2 million speakers in China, approximately 1 million in the United States, and about 500,000 in Japan. Korean is the official language of both

  • Korean lawn grass (plant)

    zoysiagrass: Japanese, or Korean, lawngrass (Z. japonica), Manila grass (Z. matrella), and Mascarene grass (Z. tenuifolia) were introduced into North America as turf and lawn grasses and tolerate a variety of growing conditions. The leaves are fine-bladed in both the Manila and Mascarene grasses.

  • Korean lespedeza (plant)

    lespedeza: striata), and the Korean lespedeza (K. stipulacea, formerly L. stipulacea), which are both native to Asia.

  • Korean literature

    Korean literature, the body of works written by Koreans, at first in Classical Chinese, later in various transcription systems using Chinese characters, and finally in Hangul (Korean: han’g?l; Hankul in the Yale romanization), the national alphabet. Although Korea has had its own language for

  • Korean music

    Korean music, the art concerned with combining vocal or instrumental sounds for beauty of form or emotional expression, specifically as it is carried out in Korea, or the Korean peninsula, where a strong indigenous tradition has been influenced by the Chinese and the Mongols. On a map the Korean

  • Korean New Year (Korean festival)

    South Korea: Daily life and social customs: …important holidays are S?llal (Lunar New Year) and Chus?k (harvest moon festival, often referred to as the Korean Thanksgiving), both observed according to the lunar calendar. These are marked by the gathering of families in the ancestral hometown or at the home of the head of the family. Traditional…

  • Korean People’s Army (North Korean army)

    Inch'?n landing: …June 25, 1950, North Korea’s Korean Peoples Army (KPA) had pushed relentlessly southward down the peninsula, driving before it the demoralized Republic of Korea Army (ROKA) and poorly prepared and understrength units of the U.S. 24th Division that had been hastily sent over from the Eighth Army in Japan. Not…

  • Korean performing arts

    Korean performing arts, the dance and theatre arts of Korea, tied from the earliest records to religious beliefs and customs. These date to 1000 bce, and they describe magnificently costumed male and female shamans who sang and danced to musical accompaniment, drawing the heavenly spirits down to

  • Korean pottery

    Korean pottery, objects made of clay and hardened by heat: earthenware, stoneware, and porcelain of Korea. The influence of Chinese pottery on Korean pottery was so great that it is difficult to distinguish some Korean wares from those made in the northern provinces of China, especially of those

  • Korean Provisional Government (Korean history)

    Korean Provisional Government, government in exile organized in April 1919 in Shanghai by Korean patriots. The provisional government was formed in reaction to Japanese suppression of the March 1st Movement, the struggle for Korean independence from Japanese rule that had begun with a proclamation

  • Korean Restoration Army

    Korea: The end of Japanese rule: …December 1941 and organized the Korean Restoration Army, composed of independence fighters in China. This army fought with the Allied forces in China until the Japanese surrender in August 1945, which ended 35 years of Japanese rule over Korea.

  • Korean War (1950–1953)

    Korean War, conflict between the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (North Korea) and the Republic of Korea (South Korea) in which at least 2.5 million persons lost their lives. The war reached international proportions in June 1950 when North Korea, supplied and advised by the Soviet Union,

  • Korean War Veterans Memorial (monument, Washington, District of Columbia, United States)

    Korean War Veterans Memorial, monument in Washington, D.C., honouring the U.S. military personnel who served in the Korean War (1950–53). It was authorized by Congress in 1986 and dedicated by U.S. Pres. Bill Clinton and South Korean Pres. Kim Young Sam on July 27, 1995, the 42nd anniversary of the

  • Korean wave (Korean culture)

    Bae Yong-Jun: The trend became known as hallyu, or “Korean Wave,” and it seemed to peak with the KBS drama series Gyeoul yeonga (2002; Winter Sonata). Though the story was a typical tale of star-crossed lovers, the performances of Bae and costar Choi Ji-Woo captivated the country. The Japanese network Nippon Hoso…

  • Korean Workers’ Party (political party, North Korea)

    Korean Workers’ Party (KWP), North Korean political party that from its foundation (1946) in the early years of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (North Korea) was the state’s primary agency of political power. According to the country’s constitution as amended in 1998, “The Democratic

  • Koreeda Hirokazu (Japanese film director)

    history of the motion picture: Japan: Koreeda Hirokazu made his directoral debut with Maboroshi no hikari (1995; Maborosi) and followed with Wandafuru raifu (1998; After Life).

  • Koreff, Nora (American dancer)

    Nora Kaye, American dramatic ballerina, called the “Duse of the Dance.” Nora Koreff began taking dance lessons at the Metropolitan Opera Ballet School at the age of eight. At age 15 she joined the Met’s corps de ballet, and, after further training under Michel Fokine and George Balanchine, she

  • Koreish (people)

    Quraysh, the ruling tribe of Mecca at the time of the birth of the Prophet Mu?ammad. There were 10 main clans, the names of some of which gained great lustre through their members’ status in early Islām. These included Hāshim, the clan of the Prophet himself (see Hāshimite); Zuhra, that of his

  • Korematsu v. United States (law case)

    Korematsu v. United States, legal case in which the U.S. Supreme Court, on December 18, 1944, upheld (6–3) the conviction of Fred Korematsu—a son of Japanese immigrants who was born in Oakland, California—for having violated an exclusion order requiring him to submit to forced relocation during

  • koresh (sport)

    wrestling: Middle Ages: …style of loose wrestling called koresh, in which grips may be taken on the long, tight leather pants worn by the wrestlers and the bout ends with a touch fall of the loser briefly on his back. Gradually the Turks took over the entire Muslim dominion, and their wrestling style…

  • Koresh, David (American religious leader)

    new religious movement: Apocalyptic and millenarian movements: …who later assumed the name David Koresh, took control of the group in 1987. Koresh taught a highly apocalyptic Christianity and identified himself with the Lamb of Revelation 5, which is traditionally associated with Christ. Allegations of child abuse and the launching of a retail gun business attracted the attention…

  • Korfanty Line (Polish-German history)

    Korfanty Line, Polish–German boundary in Upper Silesia, proposed by Wojciech Korfanty. The line was never accepted as the official border but provided a basis for compromise that made the post-World War I Polish state economically viable. When the Allied powers concluded the Treaty of Versailles

  • Korfanty, Wojciech (Polish politician)

    Wojciech Korfanty, political leader who played a major role in the national reawakening of the Poles of Upper Silesia and who led their struggle for independence from Germany. The son of a miner, Korfanty became a journalist and a member of the secret nationalist society “Z,” which resisted

  • korfball (sport)

    Korfball, game similar to netball and basketball, invented in 1901 by an Amsterdam schoolmaster, Nico Broekhuysen. It was first demonstrated in the Netherlands in 1902 and was played on an international level, primarily in Europe, by the 1970s. It was devised as a game for both sexes. A national

  • Korgan Pass (mountain pass, China)

    Xinjiang: Relief: …the Kashmir region and the Korgan in Xinjiang. In the east the Altun Mountains turn northeast and eventually merge with the Qilian Mountains in Gansu province.

  • Korhogo (C?te d’Ivoire)

    Korhogo, town, north central C?te d’Ivoire (Ivory Coast). The town’s traditional founder was Nangui (Nengué), a 14th-century Senufo (Senoufo) patriarch from Kong. Modern Korhogo (Heritage) is the chief trade centre (corn [maize], manioc, millet, and yams) for the Senufo farmers of the savanna.

  • Kori (caste)

    Koli, caste with many subgroups who inhabit the central and western mountain area of India. The largest groups of Koli live in the state of Maharashtra, especially in Mumbai, and in Gujarat state. The traditional occupation of the coastal Koli is fishing, although many are now employed in schools

  • kori bustard (bird)

    bustard: …paauw, the largest being the great paauw or kori bustard (Ardeotis kori). The Arabian bustard (A. arabs) is found in Morocco and in northern tropical Africa south of the Sahara, as are a number of species belonging to several other genera. In Australia the bustard Choriotis australis is called turkey.

  • Koriak (former okrug, Russia)

    Koryak, former autonomous okrug (district), far eastern Russia. In 2007 Koryak was merged with Kamchatka oblast (region) to form Kamchatka kray (territory). The Koryak area occupies the northern half of the Kamchatka Peninsula, the southern end of the Koryak Mountains, and the Penzhina Basin. The

  • Koricancha (ancient Incan shrine, Cuzco, Peru)

    Cuzco: …and several walls of the Koricancha (Coricancha), a Quechua name meaning “Golden Enclosure,” or “Golden Garden”; the site was dedicated to Viracocha, the creator deity, and Inti, the sun god, and is also known as the Temple of the Sun. It also contained shrines to a variety of other deities.…

  • Kōrin (Japanese artist)

    Ogata Kōrin, Japanese artist of the Tokugawa period (1603–1868), regarded, along with Sōtatsu, as one of the masters of the Sōtatsu-Kōetsu school of decorative painting. He is particularly famous for his screen paintings, lacquerwork, and textile designs. Kōrin was descended from a samurai (warrior

  • Kōrin hyakuzu (work by Sakai Hōitsu)

    Sakai Hōitsu: He published Kōrin hyakuzu (One Hundred Paintings by Kōrin) and Ogata-ryū ryakuin-fu (“Album of Simplified Seals in the Ogata Style”) in observance of the 100th anniversary of Kōrin’s death. These works were instrumental in making Kōrin’s art very influential posthumously. Apart from being a revivalist, Sakai became…

  • Kōrin school (Japanese art)

    Ogata Kōrin: …of the masters of the Sōtatsu-Kōetsu school of decorative painting. He is particularly famous for his screen paintings, lacquerwork, and textile designs.

  • Korinthiakós, Isthmós (isthmus, Greece)

    Isthmus of Corinth, isthmus dividing the Saronic Gulf (an inlet of the Aegean Sea) from the Gulf of Corinth (Modern Greek: Korinthiakós), an inlet of the Ionian Sea. The Isthmus of Corinth connects the Peloponnese (Pelopónnisos) with mainland Greece. It is made up of heavily faulted limestone

  • Korínthou Canal (waterway, Greece)

    Corinth Canal, tidal waterway across the Isthmus of Corinth in Greece, joining the Gulf of Corinth in the northwest with the Saronic Gulf in the southeast. The isthmus was first crossed by boats in 600 bc when Periander built a ship railway, small boats being carried on wheeled cradles running in

  • Korínthou, Isthmós (isthmus, Greece)

    Isthmus of Corinth, isthmus dividing the Saronic Gulf (an inlet of the Aegean Sea) from the Gulf of Corinth (Modern Greek: Korinthiakós), an inlet of the Ionian Sea. The Isthmus of Corinth connects the Peloponnese (Pelopónnisos) with mainland Greece. It is made up of heavily faulted limestone

  • Koriteh (Islamic festival)

    Eid al-Fitr, (Arabic: “Festival of Breaking Fast”) first of two canonical festivals of Islam. Eid al-Fitr marks the end of Ramadan, the Muslim holy month of fasting, and is celebrated during the first three days of Shawwal, the 10th month of the Islamic calendar (though the Muslim use of a lunar

  • Koritsa (Albania)

    Kor??, city, southeastern Albania. It began as a feudal estate in the 13th century, and in 1484 the local lord, Koja Mirahor ?lyas Bey, a Muslim convert active in the Ottoman siege of Constantinople (1453; now Istanbul), returned to the site and built the mosque that bears his name. In the 17th,

  • Kōriyama (Japan)

    Kōriyama, city, central Fukushima ken (prefecture), northeast-central Honshu, Japan. It is situated in the valley of the Abukuma River, flanked to the west and east by mountain ranges trending north-south. Kōriyama is located at the junction of the main north-south rail line from Tokyo to Tōhoku

  • Kōriyama-Kingyo (Japan)

    Yamato-Kōriyama, (Kōriyama-Goldfish), city, Nara ken (prefecture), western Honshu, Japan. It is located 3 miles (5 km) southwest of Nara city. A prehistoric settlement, it became a castle town during the last decade of the 15th century. With the opening of a trunk line of the National Railway, a

  • K?rkarlen (film by Sj?rstr?m [1921])

    Wild Strawberries: His film K?rkarlen (The Phantom Carriage, 1921) was one of Bergman’s favourites and a major influence on Wild Strawberries, which was Sj?str?m’s final performance. Sj?str?m won much praise for bringing empathy to a character who has spent his life as a cold and insulated person. Bergman later said,…

  • Korkino (Russia)

    Korkino, city, Chelyabinsk oblast (region), west-central Russia, in the southern Urals. It is a centre of coal mining in the Chelyabinsk lignite (brown coal) basin; mining began in 1934, and the settlement became a city in 1942. Excavator and truck production reflect its mining orientation; other

  • Korku (people)

    Korku, tribal people of central India concentrated in the states of Mahārāshtra and Madhya Pradesh. At the end of the 20th century, they numbered about 560,000. However, poverty and restricted use of ancestral land due to government attempts to save the Bengal tiger have led to a serious problem of

  • Korku language

    Munda languages: Except in Korkū, where syllables show a distinction between high and low tone, accent is predictable in the Munda languages.

  • Korman, Harvey (American comedian)

    Harvey Herschel Korman, American comedian (born Feb. 15, 1927, Chicago, Ill.—died May 29, 2008, Los Angeles, Calif.), delighted television viewers with the screwball roles he created as part of the ensemble cast of The Carol Burnett Show. During Korman’s 10 seasons (1967–77) with the program, he

  • Korman, Maxime Carlot (prime minister of Vanuatu)

    Vanuatu: History: …under the francophone prime minister Maxime Carlot Korman.

  • Kormchaya kniga (compilation by Sava)

    nomocanon: …(1219), under the title of Kormchaya kniga (“Book of the Helmsman”), which was adopted by all the Slavic Orthodox churches. In the 18th century the need for collections of imperial laws having disappeared, new compilations, including only the ecclesiastical canons, replaced both the nomocanons and the Kormchaya kniga. The most…

  • Kormoran (missile)

    rocket and missile system: Antiship: The West German Kormoran was also an air-launched missile. The Norwegian Penguin, a rocket-powered missile weighing between 700 and 820 pounds and employing technology derived from the U.S. Maverick air-to-surface missile, had a range of about 17 miles and supplemented its active radar guidance with passive infrared homing.…

  • Korn, Arthur (German scientist)

    fax: Early telegraph facsimile: …of photographs was demonstrated by Arthur Korn of Germany in 1902. Korn’s transmitter employed a selenium photocell to sense an image wrapped on a transparent glass cylinder; at the receiver the transmitted image was recorded on photographic film. By 1906 Korn’s equipment was put into regular service for transmission of…

  • Kornberg, Arthur (American scientist)

    Arthur Kornberg, American biochemist and physician who received (with Severo Ochoa) the 1959 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine for discovering the means by which deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) molecules are duplicated in the bacterial cell, as well as the means for reconstructing this duplication

  • Kornberg, Roger D. (American chemist)

    Roger D. Kornberg, American chemist, who won the Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 2006 for his research on the molecular basis of eukaryotic transcription. Kornberg studied chemistry at Harvard University (B.S., 1967) and Stanford University (Ph.D., 1972). He later served on the faculty of Harvard

  • Kornblit, Aleksandr (Russian director)

    Aleksandr Yakovlevich Tairov, founder and producer-director (1914–49) of the Kamerny (Chamber) Theatre in Moscow, which, during the era of the Revolution, rivaled the Moscow Art Theatre in professional competence. Tairov took up law briefly before settling on a theatrical career. He worked in

  • Kornbluth, C. M. (American author)

    C.M. Kornbluth, American writer whose science-fiction stories reflect a dark, acerbic view of the future. Kornbluth published science-fiction stories as a teenager. Called the Futurians, he and other young writers, including Isaac Asimov and Frederik Pohl (his frequent coauthor), composed and

  • Kornbluth, Cyril M. (American author)

    C.M. Kornbluth, American writer whose science-fiction stories reflect a dark, acerbic view of the future. Kornbluth published science-fiction stories as a teenager. Called the Futurians, he and other young writers, including Isaac Asimov and Frederik Pohl (his frequent coauthor), composed and

  • Korner, Alexis (British musician)

    British blues: …founding fathers included the guitarist Alexis Korner (b. April 19, 1928, Paris, France—d. January 1, 1984, London, England) and the harmonica player Cyril Davies (b. 1932, Denham, Buckinghamshire, England—d. January 7, 1964, England), who played together in Blues Incorporated and passed on the influence of such heroes of Chicago’s urban…

  • K?rner, Christian Gottfried (German jurist)

    Friedrich Schiller: Early years and plays: …where he was befriended by Christian Gottfried K?rner. A man of some means, K?rner was able to support Schiller during his two years’ stay in Saxony, toward the end of which Don Carlos, his first major drama in iambic pentameter, was published (1787).

  • K?rner, Karl Theodor (German poet)

    Theodor K?rner, German patriotic poet of the war of liberation against Napoleon in 1813 whose death in Lützow’s volunteer corps made him a popular hero. His father, Christian Gottfried K?rner, was a friend of Friedrich Schiller. K?rner grew up in a house frequented by writers and scientists. He

  • K?rner, Theodor (German poet)

    Theodor K?rner, German patriotic poet of the war of liberation against Napoleon in 1813 whose death in Lützow’s volunteer corps made him a popular hero. His father, Christian Gottfried K?rner, was a friend of Friedrich Schiller. K?rner grew up in a house frequented by writers and scientists. He

  • K?rner, Theodor (president of Austria)

    Theodor K?rner, Austrian military officer during World War I and later a statesman who served as president of the second Austrian republic (1951–57). A colonel in the Austro-Hungarian Army at the outbreak of World War I, K?rner was subsequently appointed chief of staff (May 1915) and successfully

  • K?rner, Wilhelm (German chemist)

    Wilhelm K?rner, German organic chemist who in 1874 showed how to determine the relative positions of two substituents, such as methyl, on the benzene ring. For example, o-xylene forms two different mononitro derivatives; m-xylene forms three; and p-xylene forms only one. This method permitted

  • Korneychukov, Nikolay Vasileyevich (Russian author)

    Korney Ivanovich Chukovsky, Russian critic and writer of children’s literature, often considered the first modern Russian writer for children. Chukovsky grew up in impoverished circumstances. In 1901 he began working for the newspaper Odesskiye Novosti (“Odessa News”); he spent two years in London

  • Korngold, Erich Wolfgang (American composer)

    Erich Wolfgang Korngold, American composer of Austro-Hungarian birth, best known as one of the originators of the genre of grand film music. He was also noted for his operas, especially for Die tote Stadt (1920; “The Dead City”), which earned him an international reputation. A child prodigy,

  • Kornilov affair (Russian history)

    Russian Provisional Government: Kornilov’s Rebellion: The most effective spokesman for the new right was Gen. Lavr Kornilov, an officer of humble origin. He was the son of poor Cossack parents, basically apolitical but certainly no admirer of Nicholas II. Impressed by Kornilov’s military record and his personal qualities,…

  • Kornilov Rebellion (Russian history)

    Russian Provisional Government: Kornilov’s Rebellion: The most effective spokesman for the new right was Gen. Lavr Kornilov, an officer of humble origin. He was the son of poor Cossack parents, basically apolitical but certainly no admirer of Nicholas II. Impressed by Kornilov’s military record and his personal qualities,…

  • Kornilov, Lavr Georgiyevich (Russian general)

    Lavr Georgiyevich Kornilov, Imperial Russian general, who was accused of attempting to overthrow the provisional government established in Russia after the February Revolution of 1917 and to replace it with a military dictatorship. An intelligence officer for the Imperial Russian Army during the

  • Korniyenko, Mikhail (Russian cosmonaut)

    International Space Station: …Year in Space,” Russian cosmonaut Mikhail Korniyenko and American astronaut Scott Kelly spent 340 days in orbit from March 2015 to March 2016. Kelly’s flight was the longest by an American. (Since Kelly’s brother, Mark, was his identical twin, as well as a former astronaut himself, scientists were able to…

  • Kornukov, Anatoly Mikhailovich (Soviet military officer)

    Anatoly Mikhailovich Kornukov, Soviet military officer (born Jan. 10, 1942, Kadievka, Ukraine, U.S.S.R. [now Stakhanov, Ukr.]—died July 1, 2014, Krasnogorsk, Russia), drew international attention on Sept. 1, 1983, when he gave the order to shoot down a passenger plane that had accidentally entered

  • Koro Sea (sea, Pacific Ocean)

    Koro Sea, submarine depression in the floor of the South Pacific Ocean. The sea reaches a depth of more than 9,600 feet (2,930 metres) and intrudes northward and westward onto the shallow submarine shelf upon which the two largest islands of Fiji (Viti Levu and Vanua Levu) are situated. To the east

  • Koro Toro (anthropological and archaeological site, Chad)

    Koro Toro, site of paleoanthropological excavations in central Chad, best known for a fossilized fragment of a species of Australopithecus discovered there in 1995. The fossil, a fragment of the lower jaw, was found in sediments estimated to be 3.5–3 million years old. It was assigned to an

  • Korobov, Ivan K. (Russian architect)

    St. Petersburg: Admiralty Side: …of the earlier building of Ivan K. Korobov, which itself had been remodeled in 1727–38 but retained the layout of the original. Its elegant spire, topped by a weather vane in the form of a ship, is one of the principal landmarks of the city. The building today houses a…

  • K?ro?lu (legendary figure)

    Bolu: …the legendary Turkish folk hero K?ro?lu.

  • K?ro?lu Mountains (mountains, Turkey)

    Turkey: The northern folded zone: Bolu, Ilgaz, and K?ro?lu mountains. East of the Ye?il the system is higher, narrower, and steeper. Less than 50 miles from the coast, peaks rise to more than 10,000 feet (3,000 metres), with a maximum elevation of 12,917 feet (3,937 metres) in the Ka?kar range. Separated by the…

  • Korol, dama, valet (novel by Nabokov)

    King, Queen, Knave, novel by Vladimir Nabokov, first published in Russian in 1928 as Korol, dama, valet. With this novel Nabokov began his career-long obsession with gamesmanship, wordplay in several languages, and multiple surreal images and characterizations. The image of a deck of playing cards

  • Korolenko, Vladimir (Russian author)

    Vladimir Korolenko, Russian short-story writer and journalist whose works are memorable in showing compassion for the downtrodden. Korolenko was expelled from two colleges for his revolutionary activities. In 1879 he was exiled to the Yakut region (now in Sakha republic) of Siberia, where he

  • Korolenko, Vladimir Galaktionovich (Russian author)

    Vladimir Korolenko, Russian short-story writer and journalist whose works are memorable in showing compassion for the downtrodden. Korolenko was expelled from two colleges for his revolutionary activities. In 1879 he was exiled to the Yakut region (now in Sakha republic) of Siberia, where he

  • Korolev (city, Moscow oblast, Russia)

    Korolyov, city, Moscow oblast (region), Central federal district, western Russia. It lies just northeast of the city of Moscow. The area, known as Kalininsky, developed after 1928 as an industrial satellite, particularly for weapons manufacture, and dormitory town of the capital. It achieved city

  • Korolkov, Vladimir (Russian chess composer)

    chess: Studies: Vladimir Korolkov, a celebrated Russian composer, published a study entitled “Excelsior” in 1958 in which White wins only by making six consecutive captures by a pawn. The solution was illustrated by verses from Longfellow’s poem “Excelsior.”

  • Korolyov (city, Moscow oblast, Russia)

    Korolyov, city, Moscow oblast (region), Central federal district, western Russia. It lies just northeast of the city of Moscow. The area, known as Kalininsky, developed after 1928 as an industrial satellite, particularly for weapons manufacture, and dormitory town of the capital. It achieved city

  • Korolyov, Sergey Pavlovich (Soviet scientist)

    Sergei Korolev, Soviet designer of guided missiles, rockets, and spacecraft. Korolev was educated at the Odessa Building Trades School, the Kiev Polytechnic Institute, and the Moscow N.E. Bauman Higher Technical School, where he studied aeronautical engineering under the celebrated designers

  • Koroma, Ernest Bai (president of Sierra Leone)

    Sierra Leone: Post-civil war: Ernest Bai Koroma of the opposition party APC was elected president, and his party was successful in winning a majority of parliamentary seats. Koroma’s administration tackled the ongoing issues of rebuilding the economy, eliminating corruption, and improving the quality of life in the country. He…

  • Koroma, Johnny Paul (Sierra Leonean military officer)

    Sierra Leone: Civil war: Johnny Paul Koroma seized power. Koroma, who attributed the previous government’s failure to implement the Abidjan Agreement as the reason for the coup, formed the Armed Forces Revolutionary Council (AFRC), which included members of the RUF, to rule the country; President Kabbah was sent into…

  • Koromo (Japan)

    Toyota, city, Aichi ken (prefecture), Honshu, Japan. It lies along the middle reaches of the Yahagi River. It originated as a castle town, with its commercial quarter serving as a collection and distribution centre for silk cocoons. The head office of the Toyota Motor Company was moved to the city

  • Koróni (Greece)

    Gulf of Messenia: …Akrítas is the port of Koróni (ancient Asine), originally settled by Argives after the First Messenian War (c. 735–c. 715 bce). Reoccupied during the Middle Ages by refugees from the north who gave it the name of their former village, Koróni retains Byzantine, Venetian, and Turkish fortifications. In 1828 the…

  • Koróni, Gulf of (gulf, Greece)

    Gulf of Messenia, gulf of the Ionian Sea (Modern Greek: Ióvio Pélagos) in the nomós (department) of Messenia (Messinía), southwestern Peloponnese (Pelopónnisos), Greece. It is enclosed by the Likódimon óros (mountain) and ákra (cape) Akrítas on the west and the Máni peninsula on the east. The

  • Koronis (astronomy)

    asteroid: Main-belt asteroid families: …asteroid belt are named Eos, Koronis, and Themis. Each family has been determined to be compositionally homogeneous; that is, all the members of a family appear to have the same basic chemical makeup. If the asteroids belonging to each family are considered to be fragments of a single parent body,…

  • Koror (island, Palau)

    Koror, one of the Caroline Islands that is part of Palau. It lies in the western Pacific Ocean just southwest of Babelthuap island. Koror city served as the provisional capital of Palau until 2006, when the capital was moved to Melekeok in eastern Babelthuap. Partly uplifted coralline limestone and

  • Koror-Babelthuap Bridge (bridge, Palau)

    Palau: History: In September 1996 the bridge connecting Koror with Babelthuap island collapsed, killing two people and wreaking havoc on the national economy. The capital, cut off from the international airport on Babelthuap, found itself isolated from the rest of the country, as well as from the outside world, and telecommunications,…

  • Kororofa (historical kingdom, Africa)

    Jukun: …descendants of the people of Kororofa, one of the most powerful Sudanic kingdoms during the late European Middle Ages. The ruins of a great settlement to the northeast of the Jukun’s present location are thought to be those of the capital of that kingdom, but the claim has not been…

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