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  • Kri?ani?, Juraj (Croatian scholar)

    Juraj Kri?ani?, Roman Catholic priest and scholar who became an early advocate of Pan-Slavism and of a program of cultural and social reform in Russia that foreshadowed the reforms made by Peter I the Great, who ruled from 1682 to 1725. Kri?ani? studied at various theological seminaries in Europe

  • Krizhanich, Yury (Croatian scholar)

    Juraj Kri?ani?, Roman Catholic priest and scholar who became an early advocate of Pan-Slavism and of a program of cultural and social reform in Russia that foreshadowed the reforms made by Peter I the Great, who ruled from 1682 to 1725. Kri?ani? studied at various theological seminaries in Europe

  • Krk (island, Croatia)

    Krk, island, the largest and most northern of Croatia’s Adriatic islands. It reaches maximum elevation at Obzova, 1,824 feet (556 metres). Archaeological findings suggest that Krk has been continuously inhabited since the Neolithic Period. Roman influence, beginning in the 1st century bce, was

  • Krka (river, Europe)

    Croatia: Drainage: In Dalmatia the Krka and Cetina rivers are of particular importance because of their hydroelectric potential and because they flow into the Adriatic Sea.

  • Krkono?e (mountains, Europe)

    Giant Mountains, mountains, major segment of the Sudeten in northeastern Bohemia and part of the western Czech-Polish frontier. The highest peak in both the mountains and Bohemia is Sně?ka (5,256 feet [1,602 m]). The Elbe (Czech: Labe) River rises in Bohemia on the southern slope, and tributaries

  • Krkono?e National Park (national park, Czech Republic)

    Czech Republic: Plant and animal life: Krkono?e National Park, established in 1963, protects glacial landscapes and Alpine vegetation as well as some relict boreal-Arctic species, such as the Alpine shrew (Sorex alpinus); despite these preservation efforts, however, the park has been extensively developed as a ski resort.

  • Krle?a, Miroslav (Croatian author)

    Miroslav Krle?a, essayist, novelist, poet, and playwright who was a dominant figure in modern Croatian literature. Krle?a trained in the Austro-Hungarian military academy at Budapest. He tried unsuccessfully to join Serbian forces twice, in 1912 and against the Turks in the Second Balkan War of

  • Kroc, Ray (American businessman)

    Ray Kroc, American restaurateur and a pioneer of the fast-food industry with his worldwide McDonald’s enterprise. At age 15 Kroc lied about his age in order to join the Red Cross ambulance service on the front lines of World War I. He was sent to Connecticut for training, where he met fellow

  • Kroc, Raymond Albert (American businessman)

    Ray Kroc, American restaurateur and a pioneer of the fast-food industry with his worldwide McDonald’s enterprise. At age 15 Kroc lied about his age in order to join the Red Cross ambulance service on the front lines of World War I. He was sent to Connecticut for training, where he met fellow

  • Krochmal, Nachman (European scholar and philosopher)

    Nachman Krochmal, Jewish scholar and philosopher; his major, seminal work, Moreh nevukhe ha-zeman (1851; “Guide for the Perplexed of Our Time”), made pioneering contributions in the areas of Jewish religion, literature, and especially history. Krochmal was married at the age of 14 (according to a

  • Krock, Arthur B. (American political writer)

    Arthur B. Krock, principal political writer and analyst for The New York Times for a generation (1932–66). Krock became famous for his calm analysis of U.S. political and economic affairs and foreign relations. His column, “In the Nation,” ran in the Times from 1933 until 1966. He was the first

  • Krock, Arthur Bernard (American political writer)

    Arthur B. Krock, principal political writer and analyst for The New York Times for a generation (1932–66). Krock became famous for his calm analysis of U.S. political and economic affairs and foreign relations. His column, “In the Nation,” ran in the Times from 1933 until 1966. He was the first

  • Kroeber, A. L. (American anthropologist)

    A.L. Kroeber, influential American anthropologist of the first half of the 20th century, whose primary concern was to understand the nature of culture and its processes. His interest and competence ranged over the whole of anthropology, and he made valuable contributions to American Indian

  • Kroeber, Alfred Louis (American anthropologist)

    A.L. Kroeber, influential American anthropologist of the first half of the 20th century, whose primary concern was to understand the nature of culture and its processes. His interest and competence ranged over the whole of anthropology, and he made valuable contributions to American Indian

  • Kroeber, Ursula (American author)

    Ursula K. Le Guin, American writer best known for tales of science fiction and fantasy imbued with concern for character development and language. Le Guin, the daughter of distinguished anthropologist A.L. Kroeber and writer Theodora Kroeber, attended Radcliffe College (B.A., 1951) and Columbia

  • Kroemer, Herbert (German physicist)

    Herbert Kroemer, German-born physicist who, with Zhores Alferov and Jack S. Kilby, was awarded the 2000 Nobel Prize for Physics for their work that laid the foundation for the modern era of microchips, computers, and information technology. After receiving a Ph.D. (1952) from Georg August

  • Kroetsch, Robert (Canadian author)

    Canadian literature: Fiction: Robert Kroetsch’s trilogy The Words of My Roaring (1966), The Studhorse Man (1969), and Gone Indian (1973) transformed the realism of Prairie fiction into postmodern parodies of the quest journey. In The Temptations of Big Bear (1973), The Scorched-Wood People (1977), and A Discovery of…

  • Krog, Helge (Norwegian author)

    Norwegian literature: Poetry and the novel: …the interwar years were Grieg, Helge Krog, and Sigurd Hoel. Grieg, a poet, novelist, and playwright, was an avowed leftist who in his play V?r ?re og v?r makt (1935; “Our Honour and Our Glory”) assailed profiteering during World War I. He addressed pacifism in Nederlaget (1937; Defeat). Krog, best…

  • Kroger Co. (American company)

    Kroger Co., American chain of supermarkets and related retail businesses. In the early 21st century, Kroger was the world’s third largest retailer and the largest chain of freestanding supermarkets in the United States. Corporate headquarters are in Cincinnati, Ohio. The Kroger Co. traces its

  • Kroger Grocery and Baking Co. (American company)

    Kroger Co., American chain of supermarkets and related retail businesses. In the early 21st century, Kroger was the world’s third largest retailer and the largest chain of freestanding supermarkets in the United States. Corporate headquarters are in Cincinnati, Ohio. The Kroger Co. traces its

  • Kr?ger, Tonio (fictional character)

    Tonio Kr?ger, fictional character, the protagonist of Thomas Mann’s novella Tonio Kr?ger

  • Krogh, August (Danish physiologist)

    August Krogh, Danish physiologist who received the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine in 1920 for his discovery of the motor-regulating mechanism of capillaries (small blood vessels). Krogh studied zoology at the University of Copenhagen, becoming professor of animal physiology there in 1916.

  • Krogh, Schack August Steenberg (Danish physiologist)

    August Krogh, Danish physiologist who received the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine in 1920 for his discovery of the motor-regulating mechanism of capillaries (small blood vessels). Krogh studied zoology at the University of Copenhagen, becoming professor of animal physiology there in 1916.

  • Krogh, Thomas E. (Canadian geologist)

    dating: Technical advances: …introduced by the Canadian geochronologist Thomas E. Krogh in 1973.

  • Krohg, Christian (Norwegian painter)

    Edvard Munch: Early years: …older painters in the circle, Christian Krohg, gave Munch both instruction and encouragement.

  • Krohg, Per (Norwegian painter)

    Per Krohg, painter who was one of the major figures in the renascence of mural painting in Norway after 1920. He was the son of the painter Christian Krohg and studied under him at the Académie Colarossi (1903–07) in Paris. He also studied under the French painter Henri Matisse from 1907 to 1909.

  • Krohn, Johan (Danish author)

    children's literature: Denmark: …such other 19th-century figures as Johan Krohn, whose “Peter’s Christmas” remains a standard seasonal delight. The tradition is relayed to the 20th century by Halfdan Rasmussen, whose collected Bj?rnerim (“Verse for Children”) won the 1964 Danish Children’s Book Prize, and Ib Spang Olsen, with his nonsense picture book The Boy…

  • Krokodil (Soviet magazine)

    Krokodil, (Russian: “Crocodile”), humour magazine published in Moscow, noted for its satire and cartoons. From 1922 to 1932 the periodical was published as a weekly illustrated supplement to the Soviet newspaper Rabochaya gazeta (“The Workers’ Paper”; published for its first three months as Rabochy

  • Krokodil River (river, Africa)

    Limpopo River: …Africa that rises as the Krokodil (Crocodile) River in the Witwatersrand, South Africa, and flows on a semicircular course first northeast and then east for about 1,100 miles (1,800 km) to the Indian Ocean. From its source the river flows northward to the Magaliesberg, cutting the Hartbeespoort Gap, which is…

  • Krokodile, Gesellschaft der (German literary society)

    Emanuel Geibel: This group belonged to the Gesellschaft der Krokodile (“Society of the Crocodiles”), a literary society that cultivated traditional poetic themes and forms.

  • Krol, John Joseph Cardinal (American cardinal)

    John Joseph Cardinal Krol, U.S. Roman Catholic prelate (born Oct. 26, 1910, Cleveland, Ohio—died March 3, 1996, Philadelphia, Pa.), was archbishop of Philadelphia from 1961 to 1988. During his 27-year tenure he demonstrated administrative skills and espoused traditionalist views. As a leader of t

  • Krol, Rudy (Dutch athlete)

    Johan Cruyff: …and including Johan Neeskens and Ruud Krol, put on a memorable display of total football that earned them the nickname “Clockwork Orange” (a name borrowed from the novel but inspired by the team’s orange jerseys). Although the Netherlands lost to West Germany in the championship match, Cruyff’s individual brilliance won…

  • Krol, Ruud (Dutch athlete)

    Johan Cruyff: …and including Johan Neeskens and Ruud Krol, put on a memorable display of total football that earned them the nickname “Clockwork Orange” (a name borrowed from the novel but inspired by the team’s orange jerseys). Although the Netherlands lost to West Germany in the championship match, Cruyff’s individual brilliance won…

  • Król-Duch (work by S?owacki)

    Polish literature: Romanticism: …life were devoted to writing Król-Duch (1847; “The Spirit King”), an unfinished lyrical and symbolic epic describing the history of a people as a series of incarnations of the essential spirit of the nation.

  • Królestwo Kongresowe (historical state, Poland)

    Congress Kingdom of Poland, Polish state created (May 3, 1815) by the Congress of Vienna as part of the political settlement at the end of the Napoleonic Wars. It was ruled by the tsars of Russia until its loss in World War I. The Kingdom of Poland comprised the bulk of the former Grand Duchy of

  • Królewiec (city, Kaliningrad oblast, Russia)

    Kaliningrad, city, seaport, and administrative centre of Kaliningrad oblast (region), Russia. Detached from the rest of the country, the city is an exclave of the Russian Federation. Kaliningrad lies on the Pregolya River just upstream from Frisches Lagoon. Formerly the capital of the dukes of

  • Kroll process (metallurgy)

    hafnium: … reduction of hafnium tetrachloride (Kroll process, which is also used for titanium) and by the thermal decomposition of tetraiodide (de Boer–van Arkel process).

  • Kroll, William Justin (Luxembourgian chemist)

    titanium processing: History: In 1932 William J. Kroll of Luxembourg produced significant quantities of ductile titanium by combining TiCl4 with calcium. By 1938 Kroll had produced 20 kilograms (50 pounds) of titanium and was convinced that it possessed excellent corrosion and strength properties. At the start of World War II…

  • Kr?ller-Müller State Museum (museum, Otterlo, Netherlands)

    Kr?ller-Müller State Museum, collection in Otterlo, Netherlands, primarily of late 19th- and 20th-century art, especially paintings by Vincent van Gogh. The museum is named after shipping heiress Helene Kr?ller-Müller (1869–1939), whose personal collection constitutes a large portion of the

  • krom samaki (agriculture)

    Cambodia: Economy: Voluntary cooperative groupings called krom samaki subsequently replaced collective farms in many areas, but the vast majority of Cambodian farming continued to be carried out by family units growing crops for subsistence and small surpluses for cash or barter. A law enacted in 1989 permitted Cambodians to buy and…

  • Kromdraai (anthropological and archaeological site, South Africa)

    Kromdraai, South African paleoanthropological site best known for its fossils of Paranthropus robustus. Kromdraai is a limestone cave that has occasionally had openings to the surface. The remains of hominins (members of the human lineage) found in it are associated with animals that are thought to

  • Kromer, Marcin (Polish writer)

    Polish literature: Achievements in prose writing: Another notable political writer was Marcin Kromer, scholar, humanist, historian, and Catholic apologist. The most interesting of his works is Rozmowy dworzanina z mnichem (1551–54; “Dialogues of a Courtier with a Monk”), a strong defense of Catholic dogma. Many historical and political writings and translations of the Bible were also…

  • Kromě?í? (Czech Republic)

    Kromě?í?, city, south-central Czech Republic, on the Morava River, northeast of Brno. The city dates from 1110, after which it was acquired by the bishops of Olomouc. It is best known historically because the Austrian constituent assembly used it as a refuge during the Vienna revolt (1848–49). In

  • Kromo (Javanese speech)

    Austronesian languages: Speech levels and honorific registers: The primary distinction is between Kromo, a high form used when speaking to social superiors, and Ngoko, a low or neutral form used when speaking to social equals or inferiors. Further subdivisions are recognized within Kromo, and in addition a small number of words called Madya (Middle) contain elements of…

  • kromogram (photography)

    Frederic Eugene Ives: …called kromskop) camera and the chromogram (also spelled kromogram). The latter, a viewing instrument that accurately combined and projected the three-separation colour negative produced by the former, was of particular importance in the development of full-colour projection. Some of his early prints are preserved in the Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C.

  • króna (Icelandic currency)

    Iceland: Financial boom and bust: The country’s currency, the króna, showed signs of weakness beginning in 2005. Inflation skyrocketed, domestic interest rates more than doubled, and foreign investors flocked to króna-denominated bonds. The tide of capital reversed abruptly in 2008, when the so-called global “credit crunch” led foreign investors to flee Iceland’s bond market,…

  • krona (monetary unit)

    Crown, monetary unit of several European countries, including Sweden, Denmark, and Norway—the first countries to adopt the crown, in the 1870s. The Swedish crown (krona) is divided into 100 ?re, though coins valued at less than 100 ?re are no longer in circulation. In Norway the unit is known as

  • Kronberger, Maximilian (German youth)

    Stefan George: …striving for significance in “Maximin” (Maximilian Kronberger [1888–1904]), a beautiful and gifted youth whom he met in Munich in 1902. After the boy’s death George claimed that he had been a god, glorifying him in his later poetry and explaining his attitude to him in Maximin, ein Gedenkbuch (privately…

  • Kronborg Slot (castle, Helsing?r, Denmark)

    Helsing?r: Kronborg Castle, the Elsinore Castle of Shakespeare’s Hamlet, was built in Helsing?r between 1574 and 1585 by Frederick II in Dutch Renaissance style to replace an earlier fortress built by Erik VII (of Pomerania) in the 15th century; in the 17th century much of the…

  • kroncong (music)

    Indonesia: Music: Kroncong music, which flourished during the colonial era and retained its popularity following independence, was a product of the confluence of western European (particularly Portuguese) and Indonesian cultures; while the guitar and other Western string instruments constituted the core of kroncong, the manner in which…

  • Krone, Julie (American jockey)

    Julie Krone, American jockey, the first woman to win the prestigious Belmont Stakes. Krone grew up on a horse farm in Eau Claire, Michigan. Her mother, Judi, was a prizewinning show rider, and Julie was only 5 years old when she began winning horse shows in the 21-and-under division. At age 14 she

  • Krone, Julieanne Louise (American jockey)

    Julie Krone, American jockey, the first woman to win the prestigious Belmont Stakes. Krone grew up on a horse farm in Eau Claire, Michigan. Her mother, Judi, was a prizewinning show rider, and Julie was only 5 years old when she began winning horse shows in the 21-and-under division. At age 14 she

  • Kronecker, Leopold (German mathematician)

    Leopold Kronecker, German mathematician whose primary contributions were in the theory of equations and higher algebra. Kronecker acquired a passion for number theory from Ernst Kummer, his instructor in mathematics at the Liegnitz Gymnasium, and earned his doctor’s degree at the University of

  • Kronia (ancient Greek festival)

    Saturnalia: Remarkably like the Greek Kronia, it was the liveliest festival of the year. All work and business were suspended. Slaves were given temporary freedom to say and do what they liked, and certain moral restrictions were eased. The streets were infected with a Mardi Gras madness; a mock…

  • Kronike ne gur (work by Kadare)

    Ismail Kadare: Kronik? n? gur (1971; Chronicle in Stone) is an autobiographical novel that is as much about Kadare’s childhood in wartime Albania as about the town of Gjirokast?r itself.

  • Kronoberg (county, Sweden)

    Kronoberg, l?n (county), part of the traditional landskap (province) of Sm?land, southern Sweden. Kronoberg consists of a rolling plateau of woods and marshland. Of its numerous lakes, ?snen and M?ckeln are the largest; the land is drained by the M?rrums, the Helga, the Lagan, and many smaller

  • Kronos (Greek god)

    Cronus, in ancient Greek religion, male deity who was worshipped by the pre-Hellenic population of Greece but probably was not widely worshipped by the Greeks themselves; he was later identified with the Roman god Saturn. Cronus’s functions were connected with agriculture; in Attica his festival,

  • Kronos Quartet (American musical group)

    Osvaldo Golijov: Lawrence String Quartet, the Kronos Quartet, and the soprano Dawn Upshaw, and many of his works were developed in collaboration with such artists. One of his earliest successes, Yiddishbbuk (1992), was written for the St. Lawrence and the clarinetist Todd Palmer, and the Kronos Quartet performed and recorded a…

  • Kronosaurus (fossil marine reptile)

    plesiosaur: In contrast, Kronosaurus, an Early Cretaceous pliosaur from Australia, grew to about 12 metres (about 40 feet) long; however, the skull alone measured about 3.7 metres (12.1 feet) long. An even larger pliosaur from the Jurassic Period, Pliosaurus funkei (known colloquially as “Predator X”), was unearthed in…

  • Kronotsky Nature Reserve (research area, Russia)

    Kronotsky Nature Reserve, natural area set aside for research in the natural sciences, on the eastern coast of the Kamchatka Peninsula, eastern Russia. The reserve, established in 1934, has current boundaries that date from 1967 and an area of 4,243 square miles (10,990 square km). It contains the

  • Kronshtadt (Russia)

    Kronshtadt, naval port, Leningrad oblast (region), northwestern Russia. It lies on Kotlin Island near the head of the Gulf of Finland. Peter I (the Great) captured the island from the Swedes in 1703 and constructed a fort and docks—then called Kronslot—to protect the approaches to St. Petersburg.

  • Kronshtadt Rebellion (Soviet history)

    Kronshtadt Rebellion, (March 1921), one of several major internal uprisings against Soviet rule in Russia after the Civil War (1918–20), conducted by sailors from the Kronshtadt naval base. It greatly influenced the Communist Party’s decision to undertake a program of economic liberalization to

  • Kronslot (Russia)

    Kronshtadt, naval port, Leningrad oblast (region), northwestern Russia. It lies on Kotlin Island near the head of the Gulf of Finland. Peter I (the Great) captured the island from the Swedes in 1703 and constructed a fort and docks—then called Kronslot—to protect the approaches to St. Petersburg.

  • Kronstadt (Romania)

    Bra?ov, city, capital of Bra?ov jude? (county), central Romania. One of the largest cities of the country, it is on the northern slope of the Transylvanian Alps (Southern Carpathians), surrounded on three sides by mountains, 105 miles (170 km) north-northwest of Bucharest by road. Founded by

  • Kron?tadt (Russia)

    Kronshtadt, naval port, Leningrad oblast (region), northwestern Russia. It lies on Kotlin Island near the head of the Gulf of Finland. Peter I (the Great) captured the island from the Swedes in 1703 and constructed a fort and docks—then called Kronslot—to protect the approaches to St. Petersburg.

  • Kron?tadt Rebellion (Soviet history)

    Kronshtadt Rebellion, (March 1921), one of several major internal uprisings against Soviet rule in Russia after the Civil War (1918–20), conducted by sailors from the Kronshtadt naval base. It greatly influenced the Communist Party’s decision to undertake a program of economic liberalization to

  • Kronstam, Henning (Danish dancer)

    Henning Kronstam, Danish dancer and artistic director of the Royal Danish Ballet. He was known as an outstanding interpreter of roles in a variety of choreographic styles. Kronstam was trained as a dancer at the Royal Danish Ballet School and joined the Royal Danish Ballet in 1952. He was one of

  • Kronstein, Gerda Hedwig (Austrian-born American writer and educator)

    Gerda Lerner, (Gerda Hedwig Kronstein), Austrian-born American writer and educator (born April 30, 1920, Vienna, Austria—died Jan. 2, 2013, Madison, Wis.), was a founder of the academic field of women’s studies and worked tirelessly to establish women’s history as a legitimate field of research.

  • kroon (currency)

    Estonia: Finance: …issued its own currency, the kroon, which was replaced by the euro in January 2011. At the centre of the republic’s banking system is the Bank of Estonia (extant before the Soviet period and reestablished in 1990). In addition to a number of commercial banks, there is also the state-owned…

  • Kroon-Vlaanderen (historical region, Europe)

    Baldwin IV: …known in Flemish history as Crown Flanders (Kroon-Vlaanderen), the German fiefs as Imperial Flanders (Rijks-Vlaanderen). Baldwin’s son—afterward Baldwin V—rebelled in 1028 against his father at the instigation of his wife, Adela, daughter of Robert II of France; two years later peace was sworn at Oudenaarde, and the old count continued…

  • Kroonstad (South Africa)

    Kroonstad, town, northern Free State province, South Africa. Founded in 1855, it served briefly as the Boer capital of the Orange Free State (March 13–May 11, 1900) after the fall of Bloemfontein during the South African War (1899–1902). The Vals River runs through the city, its banks of willows

  • Kropotkin (Russia)

    Kropotkin, city, Krasnodar kray (territory), western Russia, on the Kuban River. Founded in the 19th century as Romanovsky Khutor, it was renamed in 1921 for the geographer and revolutionary anarchist P.A. Kropotkin. It became a town in 1921 and until 1962 was the centre of the Kavkazsky rayon

  • Kropotkin, Peter Alekseyevich (Russian revolutionary)

    Peter Alekseyevich Kropotkin, Russian revolutionary and geographer, the foremost theorist of the anarchist movement. Although he achieved renown in a number of different fields, ranging from geography and zoology to sociology and history, he shunned material success for the life of a revolutionist.

  • KROQ

    Into the doldrums that many believe the music industry suffered in the 1970s, the punk movement injected new life. But its rawness rubbed radio the wrong way, and most commercial stations either resisted it or awkwardly mixed it in. It took programmers such as Rick Carroll (who once worked for Top

  • KROQ (American radio station)

    KROQ: Into the doldrums that many believe the music industry suffered in the 1970s, the punk movement injected new life. But its rawness rubbed radio the wrong way, and most commercial stations either resisted it or awkwardly mixed it in. It took programmers such as Rick…

  • Kroskof, Moniek (linguist and teacher)

    Michel Thomas, Polish-born linguist, teacher, and member of the French Resistance during World War II, known for his eponymous method of foreign-language instruction. Kroskof was born into a Jewish family who owned a textile factory in ?ód?. Because of increasing anti-Semitism in Poland, he was

  • Krosno (Poland)

    Krosno, city, Podkarpackie województwo (province), extreme southeastern Poland. Set on the sloping plains of the Lower Beskid mountain range amid forests of beech and white fir, the city dates from the 14th century and is one of the oldest in the area. Krosno is the centre of Poland’s mineral-oil

  • krotala (musical instrument)

    crotal: The krotalon (Latin crotalum) of ancient Greece and Rome was a pair of finger cymbals—i.e., wooden or metal shells held in one hand and manipulated like castanets, though probably not as rapidly. They were used to accompany dancing and were played almost exclusively by women. Cymbals…

  • krotalon (musical instrument)

    crotal: The krotalon (Latin crotalum) of ancient Greece and Rome was a pair of finger cymbals—i.e., wooden or metal shells held in one hand and manipulated like castanets, though probably not as rapidly. They were used to accompany dancing and were played almost exclusively by women. Cymbals…

  • Krotchey (Pakistan)

    Karāchi, city and capital of Sindh province, southern Pakistan. It is the country’s largest city and principal seaport and is a major commercial and industrial centre. Karāchi is located on the coast of the Arabian Sea immediately northwest of the Indus River Delta. The city has been variously

  • Kroto, Sir Harold W. (British chemist)

    Sir Harold W. Kroto, English chemist who, with Richard E. Smalley and Robert F. Curl, Jr., was awarded the 1996 Nobel Prize for Chemistry for their joint discovery of the carbon compounds called fullerenes. Kroto received a Ph.D. from the University of Sheffield in 1964. He joined the faculty of

  • Kroto, Sir Harold Walter (British chemist)

    Sir Harold W. Kroto, English chemist who, with Richard E. Smalley and Robert F. Curl, Jr., was awarded the 1996 Nobel Prize for Chemistry for their joint discovery of the carbon compounds called fullerenes. Kroto received a Ph.D. from the University of Sheffield in 1964. He joined the faculty of

  • Krotoschiner, Harold Walter (British chemist)

    Sir Harold W. Kroto, English chemist who, with Richard E. Smalley and Robert F. Curl, Jr., was awarded the 1996 Nobel Prize for Chemistry for their joint discovery of the carbon compounds called fullerenes. Kroto received a Ph.D. from the University of Sheffield in 1964. He joined the faculty of

  • Kroumirie (mountain region, Tunisia)

    Kroumirie, mountainous region with extensive forests of cork-oak in northwestern Tunisia. One of the best-watered regions in North Africa (40 to 60 inches [1,000 to 1,500 mm] a year), it extends south of the Mediterranean Sea and north of Wadi Majardah (Medjerda) and east from the Algerian border t

  • kroupala (musical instrument)

    percussion instrument: Idiophones: …adopted by Rome as the scabella. Other idiophones included bells, cymbals, the unidentified ēcheion, and an instrument simply called “the bronze” (chalkos), probably a metal percussion disk. When the Egyptian cult of Isis spread to Greece and Rome, her sistrum followed, always in the hands of a priest or—rarely—priestess.

  • kroupalon (musical instrument)

    percussion instrument: Idiophones: …adopted by Rome as the scabella. Other idiophones included bells, cymbals, the unidentified ēcheion, and an instrument simply called “the bronze” (chalkos), probably a metal percussion disk. When the Egyptian cult of Isis spread to Greece and Rome, her sistrum followed, always in the hands of a priest or—rarely—priestess.

  • kroupezai (musical instrument)

    percussion instrument: Idiophones: …adopted by Rome as the scabella. Other idiophones included bells, cymbals, the unidentified ēcheion, and an instrument simply called “the bronze” (chalkos), probably a metal percussion disk. When the Egyptian cult of Isis spread to Greece and Rome, her sistrum followed, always in the hands of a priest or—rarely—priestess.

  • Krovavoye Voskresenye (Russia [1905])

    Bloody Sunday, (January 9 [January 22, New Style], 1905), massacre in St. Petersburg, Russia, of peaceful demonstrators marking the beginning of the violent phase of the Russian Revolution of 1905. At the end of the 19th century, industrial workers in Russia had begun to organize; police agents,

  • Kroz vasionu i vekove: pisma jednog astronoma (work by Milankovitch)

    Milutin Milankovitch: Other interests: …and published as the book Kroz vasionu i vekove: pisma jednog astronoma (1928; “Through Distant Worlds and Times: Letters from a Wayfarer in the Universe”).

  • KRP (printing)

    printing: Preparing stereotypes and plates: KRP (Kodak Relief Plate) is a sheet of cellulose acetate that is superficially sensitized by the deposit of a thin coat of photographic emulsion. After exposure to light, this emulsion remains only on the printing areas, which it protects from the action of the solvent. Engraving…

  • K???a (Hindu deity)

    Krishna, one of the most widely revered and most popular of all Indian divinities, worshipped as the eighth incarnation (avatar, or avatara) of the Hindu god Vishnu and also as a supreme god in his own right. Krishna became the focus of numerous bhakti (devotional) cults, which have over the

  • K???a Dēva Rāya (emperor of India)

    South Asian arts: 14th–19th century: …by Vijayanagar kings, beginning with K???a Dēva Rāya, himself a poet versed in Sanskrit, Kannada, and Telugu. The rāyala yugam (“age of kings”) was known for its courtly prabandhas, virtuoso poetic narratives by and for pandits (learned men). Among the most famous court poets were Pi?ga?i Sūranna, whose verse novel,…

  • K???a Dvaipāyana (legendary Indian sage)

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