You are using an outdated browser. Please upgrade your browser to improve your experience and security.
  • Lore, Francesco della (Italian architect)

    Western architecture: Eastern Europe: … was begun by the Italian Francesco della Lore and continued by Bartolommeo Berecci of Florence. It presents a blend of local Gothic and 15th-century Italian architecture. The great courtyard has three stories of loggias; the two lower ones, with semicircular arches on squat Ionic columns, suggest the new style, but…

  • loreal pit (anatomy)

    snake: Form and function: …of a heat-sensitive depression, the loreal pit, located between the eye and the nostril, and the venom apparatus, which enabled them to stay in one place and wait for their prey, rather than engaging in a continuous active search for food. Similarly, some of the largest nonvenomous snakes (boas, anacondas,…

  • Loredan, Pietro (Venetian admiral)

    Pietro Loredan, Venetian nobleman and admiral who became one of the city’s popular heroes. His naval achievements ensured Venice’s supremacy over its trading rivals in the Mediterranean and made it the dominant power in northeast Italy in the 15th century. As captain of the Venetian fleet he

  • Lorelei (German legend)

    Lorelei: …and is associated with the legend of a beautiful maiden who threw herself into the Rhine in despair over a faithless lover and was transformed into a siren who lured fishermen to destruction. The essentials of the legend were claimed as his invention by German writer Clemens Brentano in his…

  • Lorelei (rock, Germany)

    Lorelei, large rock on the bank at a narrows of the Rhine River near Sankt Goarshausen, Germany. The rock produces an echo and is associated with the legend of a beautiful maiden who threw herself into the Rhine in despair over a faithless lover and was transformed into a siren who lured fishermen

  • Loreley (rock, Germany)

    Lorelei, large rock on the bank at a narrows of the Rhine River near Sankt Goarshausen, Germany. The rock produces an echo and is associated with the legend of a beautiful maiden who threw herself into the Rhine in despair over a faithless lover and was transformed into a siren who lured fishermen

  • Loreley (German legend)

    Lorelei: …and is associated with the legend of a beautiful maiden who threw herself into the Rhine in despair over a faithless lover and was transformed into a siren who lured fishermen to destruction. The essentials of the legend were claimed as his invention by German writer Clemens Brentano in his…

  • Loren, Sophia (Italian actress)

    Sophia Loren, Italian film actress who rose above her poverty-stricken origins in postwar Naples to become universally recognized as one of Italy’s most beautiful women and its most famous movie star. Before working in the cinema, Sofia Scicolone changed her last name to Lazzaro for work in the

  • Lorengar, Pilar (Spanish opera singer)

    Pilar Lorengar, (PILAR LORENZA GARCíA), Spanish opera singer who was an internationally acclaimed soprano best known for her interpretations of Mozart heroines (b. Jan. 16, 1928--d. June 2,

  • Lorengau (Papua New Guinea)

    Lorengau, town, northeastern Manus Island, Papua New Guinea, southwestern Pacific Ocean. It lies on Seeadler Harbour. Captured by the Japanese in 1942, the settlement was retaken by Allied forces in 1944 and eventually became part of a large U.S. naval and air base. As a port, the town handles the

  • Lorengel (epic poem)

    Lohengrin: …an anonymous 15th-century epic called Lorengel. The latter was the chief source used by the 19th-century composer and librettist Richard Wagner for his opera Lohengrin (first performed on Aug. 28, 1850, at Weimar, Ger.).

  • Lorentz force (physics)

    Lorentz force, the force exerted on a charged particle q moving with velocity v through an electric E and magnetic field B. The entire electromagnetic force F on the charged particle is called the Lorentz force (after the Dutch physicist Hendrik A. Lorentz) and is given by F = qE + qv × B. The

  • Lorentz transformations (physics)

    Lorentz transformations, set of equations in relativity physics that relate the space and time coordinates of two systems moving at a constant velocity relative to each other. Required to describe high-speed phenomena approaching the speed of light, Lorentz transformations formally express the

  • Lorentz, Hendrik Antoon (Dutch physicist)

    Hendrik Antoon Lorentz, Dutch physicist and joint winner (with Pieter Zeeman) of the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1902 for his theory of electromagnetic radiation, which, confirmed by findings of Zeeman, gave rise to Albert Einstein’s special theory of relativity. In his doctoral thesis at the

  • Lorentz, Pare (American filmmaker)

    Pare Lorentz, American filmmaker whose government-sponsored documentaries focused attention on the waste of human and natural resources in the United States in the 1930s. Lorentz was a well-known movie critic in New York City when, in 1935, he was requested to set up a federal government film

  • Lorentz–FitzGerald contraction (physics)

    Lorentz-FitzGerald contraction, in relativity physics, the shortening of an object along the direction of its motion relative to an observer. Dimensions in other directions are not contracted. The concept of the contraction was proposed by the Irish physicist George FitzGerald in 1889, and it was

  • Lorenz, Edward (American meteorologist and mathematician)

    Edward Lorenz, American meteorologist and discoverer of the underlying mechanism of deterministic chaos, one of the principles of complexity. After receiving degrees from Dartmouth College and Harvard University in mathematics, Lorenz turned to weather forecasting in 1942 with the U.S. Army Air

  • Lorenz, Edward Norton (American meteorologist and mathematician)

    Edward Lorenz, American meteorologist and discoverer of the underlying mechanism of deterministic chaos, one of the principles of complexity. After receiving degrees from Dartmouth College and Harvard University in mathematics, Lorenz turned to weather forecasting in 1942 with the U.S. Army Air

  • Lorenz, George (American disc jockey)

    George (“Hound Dog”) Lorenz: Music lovers in more than a dozen states along the Eastern Seaboard in the 1950s tuned in to “the Sound of the Hound,” George (“Hound Dog”) Lorenz, who broadcast on 50,000-watt WKBW in Buffalo, New York. Lorenz began in Buffalo radio in the late 1940s;…

  • Lorenz, Konrad (Austrian zoologist)

    Konrad Lorenz, Austrian zoologist, founder of modern ethology, the study of animal behaviour by means of comparative zoological methods. His ideas contributed to an understanding of how behavioral patterns may be traced to an evolutionary past, and he was also known for his work on the roots of

  • Lorenzaccio (work by Musset)

    French literature: Musset: Lorenzaccio) is the one indisputable masterpiece of Romantic theatre. A drama set in Renaissance Florence but with clear links to the disillusionment of post-1830 France is combined with a brilliant psychological study of a once pure but now debauched hero almost paralyzed by doubt. The…

  • Lorenzaccio (Italian writer and assassin)

    Lorenzino de’ Medici, assassin of Alessandro, duke of Florence. Lorenzino was one of the more-noted writers of the Medici family; he was the son of one Pierfrancesco of a younger, cadet branch of the Medici. Lorenzino was a writer of considerable elegance, the author of several plays, one of which,

  • Lorenzetti, Ambrogio (Italian painter)

    Ambrogio Lorenzetti, Italian artist who ranks in importance with the greatest of the Italian Sienese painters, Duccio and Simone Martini. He is also the younger brother of painter Pietro Lorenzetti. Only six documented works of Ambrogio, apparently covering a period of merely 13 years, have

  • Lorenzetti, Pietro (Italian painter)

    Pietro Lorenzetti, Italian Gothic painter of the Sienese school who with his brother Ambrogio was the principal exponent of Sienese secular art in the years before the Black Death. Little is known of Lorenzetti’s life, and the attribution and dating of many of the works associated with him remains

  • Lorenzini, ampulla of (anatomy)

    lateral line system: …modified to become electroreceptors called ampullae of Lorenzini. These receptors are concentrated on the heads of sharks and can detect the minute electrical potentials generated by the muscle contractions of prey. Ampullae of Lorenzini can also detect Earth’s electromagnetic field, and sharks apparently use these electroreceptors for homing and migration.

  • Lorenzini, Carlo (Italian author)

    C. Collodi, Italian author and journalist, best known as the creator of Pinocchio, the childlike puppet whose adventures delight children around the world. As a young man Collodi joined the seminary. The cause of Italian national unification usurped his calling, however, as he took to journalism as

  • Lorenzo (pope)

    Clement XIV, pope from 1769 to 1774. Educated by the Jesuits at Rimini, he joined the Conventual Franciscans at Mondaino, taking the religious name of Lorenzo. After holding various academic offices, he was made cardinal in 1759 by Pope Clement XIII because he was supposed to be friendly toward the

  • Lorenzo da Brindisi, San (Christian saint)

    Saint Lawrence of Brindisi, ; canonized 1881; feast day July 21), doctor of the church and one of the leading polemicists of the Counter-Reformation in Germany. He joined the Capuchin Friars Minor, a strict offshoot of the Franciscans, at Verona, Italy, in 1575, taking the name Lorenzo (Lawrence).

  • Lorenzo di Credi (Italian artist)

    Andrea del Verrocchio: Medici patronage: …directed by his favourite student, Lorenzo di Credi. Di Credi was also the administrator and principal heir of Verrocchio’s estate.

  • Lorenzo il Magnifico (Italian statesman)

    Lorenzo de’ Medici, Florentine statesman, ruler, and patron of arts and letters, the most brilliant of the Medici. He ruled Florence with his younger brother, Giuliano (1453–78), from 1469 to 1478 and, after the latter’s assassination, was sole ruler from 1478 to 1492. Upon the death of his father,

  • Lorenzo Monaco (Italian painter)

    Lorenzo Monaco, (Italian: “Lorenzo the Monk”) artist who was the last great exponent of late Gothic painting in what is now Italy. Lorenzo Monaco’s output and stylistic interests (incorporating the gold-leaf background typical of Byzantine art) represent the final gasp of gold-ground brilliance in

  • Lorenzo Pagans and Auguste De Gas (painting by Degas)

    Edgar Degas: Beginnings: …in Degas’s painting of 1872, Lorenzo Pagans and Auguste De Gas. The artist’s mother died when he was 13 years old, leaving three sons and two daughters to be brought up by his father, a banker by profession. Knowledgeable about art but conservative in his preferences, Degas’s father helped to…

  • Lorenzo the Magnificent (Italian statesman)

    Lorenzo de’ Medici, Florentine statesman, ruler, and patron of arts and letters, the most brilliant of the Medici. He ruled Florence with his younger brother, Giuliano (1453–78), from 1469 to 1478 and, after the latter’s assassination, was sole ruler from 1478 to 1492. Upon the death of his father,

  • Lorenzo the Monk (Italian painter)

    Lorenzo Monaco, (Italian: “Lorenzo the Monk”) artist who was the last great exponent of late Gothic painting in what is now Italy. Lorenzo Monaco’s output and stylistic interests (incorporating the gold-leaf background typical of Byzantine art) represent the final gasp of gold-ground brilliance in

  • Lorenzo’s Oil (film by Miller [1992])

    George Miller: Shifting gears again, Miller made Lorenzo’s Oil (1992), a fact-based drama that starred Nick Nolte and Sarandon as parents of a child with a rare disease. Miller subsequently earned his first Academy Award nomination, for cowriting the script. Continuing to explore different genres, Miller then worked on a series of…

  • Lorenzo’s oil (medicine)

    metabolic disease: Peroxisomal disorders: Lorenzo’s oil (named after the patient who inspired its development), a mixture of trioleate and trierucate oils, improves or completely corrects the elevation of very-long-chain fatty acids in blood, but it does not have an effect on the neurological progression of the disease because it…

  • Lorenzo, Frank (American businessman)

    Continental Airlines, Inc.: …corporate management (headed by chairman Frank Lorenzo until August 1990) tended to aggravate operations. Continental filed for bankruptcy in December 1990. The airline emerged from bankruptcy in 1993 after being acquired by Air Canada and a group of private investors.

  • Lorenzoni, Michele (Italian inventor)

    repeating rifle: …repeater has been attributed to Michele Lorenzoni, a Florentine gunmaker. In the same period, the faster and safer Kalthoff system—designed by a family of German gunmakers—introduced a ball magazine located under the barrel and a powder magazine in the butt. By the 18th century the Cookson repeating rifle was in…

  • Lorestān (region, Iran)

    Lorestān, geographic and historic region, western Iran. Its name means Land of the Lurs and it extends from the Iraqi frontier and Kermānshāh and separates the Khūzestān lowland from interior uplands. Extensive mountains stretch northwest–southeast; between the higher ranges are well-watered

  • Lorestān Bronze (decorative arts)

    Luristan Bronze, any of the horse trappings, utensils, weapons, jewelry, belt buckles, and ritual and votive objects of bronze probably dating from roughly 1500–500 bce that have been excavated since the late 1920s in the Harsin, Khorramābād, and Alishtar valleys of the Zagros Mountains in the

  • Lorestān, Great (region, Iran)

    Lorestān: …southern part of Lorestān, or Great Lorestān, was independent under the Fa?lawayh (Fazlaveye) atabegs from 1160 until 1424; its capital was Idaj, now only mounds and ruins at Malamir (modern Izeh).

  • Lorestān, Little (region, Iran)

    Lorestān: Little Lorestān, the northern part, was governed by independent princes of the Khorshīdī dynasty, called atabegs, from 1155 to the beginning of the 17th century, when the last atabeg, Shāh Vardī Khān, was removed by the ?afavid ?Abbās I the Great and government of the…

  • Loretan, Erhard (Swiss mountaineer)

    Mount Everest: Further exploration from Tibet: …Swiss climbers Jean Troillet and Erhard Loretan. Like Messner, they snatched a clear-weather window toward the end of the monsoon for a lightning dash up and down the mountain. Unlike Messner, they did not even carry a tent and sleeping bags. Climbing by night, resting during the comparative warmth of…

  • Loreto (Italy)

    Loreto, town and episcopal see, Marche region, central Italy, on the Musone River just south of Ancona and near the Adriatic coast. It is a noted pilgrimage resort famous for the Santa Casa, or Holy House of the Virgin. According to tradition, the Santa Casa, threatened with destruction by the

  • Loretta Young Show, The (American television show)

    Loretta Young: …Young hosted the Emmy Award-winning The Loretta Young Show on NBC television from 1953 to 1961, making her the first entertainer to receive both an Oscar and an Emmy. Though she acted in the majority of the episodes of the sentimental drama anthology, the show is remembered primarily for Young’s…

  • Lorgnette (American magazine)

    Donald Grant Mitchell: …pseudonym Ik Marvel, also editing Lorgnette (1850), a satirical magazine that mocked cultivated New York society. His earliest books, Fresh Gleanings (1847) and The Battle Summer (1850), record incidents of his travels in Europe and the French revolution of 1848. With the publication of Reveries of a Bachelor he gained…

  • Loria loriae (bird)

    bird-of-paradise: …golden-silky, bird-of-paradise (Loboparadisea sericea); and Loria’s, or Lady Macgregor’s, bird-of-paradise (Loria loriae)—three species formerly classified as bowerbirds.

  • Loria’s bird-of-paradise (bird)

    bird-of-paradise: …golden-silky, bird-of-paradise (Loboparadisea sericea); and Loria’s, or Lady Macgregor’s, bird-of-paradise (Loria loriae)—three species formerly classified as bowerbirds.

  • Loria, Ruggiero di (Italian admiral)

    Ruggiero di Lauria, Italian admiral in the service of Aragon and Sicily who won important naval victories over the French Angevins (house of Anjou) in the war between France and Aragon over the possession of Sicily in the 1280s. Lauria, who was taken from Italy about 1262, grew up at the Aragonese

  • lorica (biology)

    Lorica, a tubular, conical, or vaselike structure secreted by some protozoans (e.g., Stentor) and many rotifers. Many species incorporate sand grains and other particles into the lorica for reinforcement. The loose-fitting case, closed at one end, has a large opening at the anterior end through

  • lorica hamata (armour)

    military technology: Mail: …legionnaire was equipped with a lorica hamata, a mail shirt, from a very early date. Mail was extremely flexible and provided good protection against cutting and piercing weapons. Its main disadvantage was its weight, which tended to hang from the shoulders and waist. In addition, strips of mail tended to…

  • lorica segmentata (armour)

    military technology: Mail: …segmented iron torso defense, the lorica segmentata.

  • Loricariidae (fish)

    ostariophysan: Annotated classification: Family Loricariidae (suckermouth armoured catfishes) Sucking mouth; 3 or 4 rows of bony scutes. Herbivorous aquarium fishes. Central and South America. About 42 genera, 230 species. Family Scoloplacidae (spiny dwarf catfishes) Body with 2 bilateral series of teethlike-bearing plates, 1 midventral series of plates. Maximum length about…

  • Loricata (mollusk)

    Chiton, any of numerous flattened, bilaterally symmetrical marine mollusks, worldwide in distribution but most abundant in warm regions. The approximately 600 species are usually placed in the class Placophora, Polyplacophora, or Loricata (phylum Mollusca). Chitons are usually oval in shape. On the

  • Loriculus (bird)

    parakeet: …short, blunt tails, as the hanging parrots, or bat parrotlets, Loriculus species, popular cage birds in their native area, India to Malaya and the Philippines.

  • Loridae (primate family)

    loris: …together they constitute the family Lorisidae.

  • Lorient (France)

    Lorient, maritime town, Morbihan département, Brittany région, western France. It lies southeast of Quimper and west-southwest of Paris and is situated on the right bank of the Scorff River at its confluence with the Blavet on the Bay of Biscay. Almost completely destroyed by bombing in 1944, the

  • Loriinae (bird family)

    parrot: …make up the Psittacidae subfamily Loriinae. The 53 species in 12 genera are found in Australia, New Guinea, and some Pacific islands. All have a slender, wavy-edged beak and a brush-tipped tongue for extracting nectar from flowers and juices from fruits.

  • lorikeet (bird)

    Lorikeet, (subfamily Loriinae), any of 53 species of medium-sized vocal and exceptionally colourful parrots of Australia and New Guinea that feed on pollen and nectar. They have brush-tipped tongues that help sweep food into the mouth. They also eat small insects and are important pollinators of

  • Lorillard (American company)

    Lorillard, oldest tobacco manufacturer in the United States, dating to 1760, when a French immigrant, Pierre Lorillard, opened a “manufactory” in New York City. It originally made pipe tobacco, cigars, plug chewing tobacco, and snuff. Tobacco for “roll-your-own” cigarettes was introduced in 1860,

  • Lorillard, Pierre (American philanthropist)

    Claude-Joseph-Désiré Charnay: …by the New York philanthropist Pierre Lorillard. Charnay developed a theory of Toltec migrations in which he argued that certain prehistoric peoples of Central America were of Asian origin. His major work on the subject was Les Anciennes Villes du Nouveau Monde (1885; The Ancient Cities of the New World).

  • Lorimer, George Horace (American editor)

    George Horace Lorimer, American editor of The Saturday Evening Post, during whose long tenure (May 17, 1899–January 1, 1937) the magazine attained its greatest success, partly because of his astute judgment of popular American tastes in literature. After working for Philip D. Armour’s meatpacking

  • Lorimer, James (Scottish legal philosopher)

    James Lorimer, legal philosopher, proponent of a doctrine of natural law that was opposed to the utilitarianism of Jeremy Bentham, the positivism of John Austin, and the legal historicism of Sir Henry Maine. More influential in France and Germany than in Great Britain, Lorimer’s theory held that

  • Loring, Eugene (American choreographer)

    dance notation: Twentieth-century developments: …by the dancer and choreographer Eugene Loring with D.J. Canna, incorporated an unusual movement analysis. This system used a vertical staff and simple signs to record four categories of movement: Emotion, Direction, Degree, and Special. It was used to record Loring’s signature ballet, Billy the Kid (1938).

  • Loriod, Yvonne (French musician)

    Yvonne Loriod, French pianist (born Jan. 20, 1924, Houilles, France—died May 17, 2010, Saint-Denis, France), served as the inspiration for composer Olivier Messiaen, who dedicated much of his most significant work to her and whom she married in 1961. Loriod was also the foremost interpreter of the

  • loris (primate subfamily)

    Loris, (subfamily Lorisinae), any of about 10 species of tailless or short-tailed South and Southeast Asian forest primates. Lorises are arboreal and nocturnal, curling up to sleep by day. They have soft gray or brown fur and can be recognized by their huge eyes encircled by dark patches and by

  • Loris (Austrian author)

    Hugo von Hofmannsthal, Austrian poet, dramatist, and essayist. He made his reputation with his lyrical poems and plays and became internationally famous for his collaboration with the German operatic composer Richard Strauss. The only child of a bank director, Hofmannsthal studied law at Vienna. At

  • Loris lydekkerianus (primate)

    loris: …loris [Loris tardigradus] and the gray slender loris [L. lydekkerianus]) of India and Sri Lanka are about 20–25 cm (8–10 inches) long and have long slender limbs, small hands, a rounded head, and a pointed muzzle. Slender lorises feed mostly on insects (predominantly ants) and are solitary. The female usually…

  • Loris tardigradus (primate)

    loris: …species of slender loris (the red slender loris [Loris tardigradus] and the gray slender loris [L. lydekkerianus]) of India and Sri Lanka are about 20–25 cm (8–10 inches) long and have long slender limbs, small hands, a rounded head, and a pointed muzzle. Slender lorises feed mostly on insects (predominantly…

  • Loris tardigradus nycticeboides (primate)

    loris: …the red slender loris (L. tardigradus nycticeboides and L. tardigradus tardigradus) have been classified as endangered since 2004, and the Javan slow loris (N. javanicus) has been classified as critically endangered since 2013.

  • Loris tardigradus tardigradus (primate)

    loris: tardigradus nycticeboides and L. tardigradus tardigradus) have been classified as endangered since 2004, and the Javan slow loris (N. javanicus) has been classified as critically endangered since 2013.

  • Loris, Heinrich (Swiss music theorist)

    Henricus Glareanus, Swiss Humanist, poet, teacher, and music theorist, known especially for his publication Dodecachordon (Basel, 1547). Crowned poet laureate by the Habsburg emperor Maximilian at Cologne (1512), Glareanus established himself briefly at Basel in 1514, where he came under the

  • Loris-Melikov Constitution (Russian history)

    Alexander II: Life: This so-called Loris-Melikov Constitution, if implemented, might possibly have become the germ of constitutional development in Russia. But on the day when, after much hesitation, the tsar finally signed the proclamation announcing his intentions (March 1, 1881), he was mortally wounded by bombs in a plot sponsored…

  • Loris-Melikov, Mikhail Tariyelovich, Graf (Russian statesman)

    Mikhail Tariyelovich, Count Loris-Melikov, military officer and statesman who, as minister of the interior at the end of the reign of the emperor Alexander II (ruled 1855–81), formulated reforms designed to liberalize the Russian autocracy. Loris-Melikov was the son of an Armenian merchant. He

  • Lorisidae (primate family)

    loris: …together they constitute the family Lorisidae.

  • Lorisiformes (primate infraorder)

    lemur: …excludes the last three (the Lorisiformes).

  • Lorisinae (primate subfamily)

    primate: Classification: Subfamily Lorisinae (lorises) 2 genera, about 8 Southeast Asian species. Subfamily Perodicticinae (pottos and angwantibos) 2 or more genera, 3 or more species from Africa. Family Galagidae

  • Lorisinae (primate subfamily)

    Loris, (subfamily Lorisinae), any of about 10 species of tailless or short-tailed South and Southeast Asian forest primates. Lorises are arboreal and nocturnal, curling up to sleep by day. They have soft gray or brown fur and can be recognized by their huge eyes encircled by dark patches and by

  • Lorius roratus (bird)

    psittaciform: Skin and plumage: One, the eclectus parrot (Eclectus roratus), was for many years thought to be two separate species until it was noted that only males were known for the predominantly green “species” and only females for the wine-red “species.” The head is crested in a few parrots, especially among…

  • Lorna Doone (work by Blackmore)

    Lorna Doone, historical romance by R.D. Blackmore, published in 1869. Set in the wilds of Exmoor (northern Devonshire, Eng.) during the late 17th century, the novel concerns the adventurous life of the yeoman John Ridd and the circuitous course of his love for Lorna Doone, a beautiful maiden.

  • Lorna Doone (film by Dean [1934])

    Margaret Lockwood: …made her film debut in Lorna Doone (1935). A vivacious brunette with a beauty spot on her left cheek, she starred in a wide variety of films, notably the wartime thriller Night Train to Munich (1940), the romantic comedy Quiet Wedding (1941), as the husband-stealing murderess in the period melodrama…

  • Lorna’s Silence (film by Jean-Pierre and Luc Dardenne [2008])

    Dardenne brothers: Le Silence de Lorna (2008; Lorna’s Silence), which won best screenplay at Cannes, portrays the lengths to which a young Albanian woman will go to secure a measure of happiness. In the suspenseful Le Gamin au vélo (2011; The Kid with a Bike), the Dardennes focused on the poignant struggles…

  • Loropéni (Burkina Faso)

    Burkina Faso: Cultural life: …of a fortified settlement at Loropéni, located in the southern part of the country. The ruins date back some 1,000 years and were designated a UNESCO World Heritage site in 2009.

  • Lorrain, Claude (French artist)

    Claude Lorrain, French artist best known for, and one of the greatest masters of, ideal landscape painting, an art form that seeks to present a view of nature more beautiful and harmonious than nature itself. The quality of that beauty is governed by Classical concepts, and the landscape often

  • Lorraine (region, France)

    Lorraine, historical region and former région of France, incorporated since January 2016 into the région of Grand Est. As an administrative entity it encompassed the northeastern départements of Vosges, Meuse, Meurthe-et-Moselle, and Moselle. Much of Lorraine is forested and hilly. The Vosges

  • Lorraine (historical region, Europe)

    Lorraine, medieval region, present-day northeastern France. By the Treaty of Verdun (843), it became part of the realm of Lothar I. Inherited by his son Lothar, it became the kingdom of Lotharingia. After Lothar’s death, it was contested by Germany and France and came under German control in 925.

  • Lorraine Motel (building, Memphis, Tennessee, United States)

    assassination of Martin Luther King, Jr.: …second floor balcony of the Lorraine Motel in Memphis, Tennessee, where he had come to lead a march by striking sanitation workers. In response to King’s death, more than 100 American inner cities exploded in rioting, looting, and violence. James Earl Ray, a career small-time criminal who became the object…

  • Lorraine, Charles de Lorraine, 2e cardinal de (French cardinal)

    Charles de Lorraine, 2nd cardinal de Lorraine, one of the foremost members of the powerful Roman Catholic house of Guise and perhaps the most influential Frenchman during the middle years of the 16th century. He was intelligent, avaricious, and cautious. The second son of Claude, 1st Duke de Guise,

  • Lorraine, Jean de Lorraine, 1er cardinal de (French cardinal)

    Jean de Lorraine, 1st cardinal de Lorraine, French cardinal of the celebrated family of Guise, a noted patron of arts and letters. His older brother was Claude de Lorraine, 1st Duke de Guise. Jean became coadjutor of the bishop of Metz at the age of three and cardinal at 20. In the course of his

  • Lorre, Peter (Hungarian-American actor)

    Peter Lorre, Hungarian-born American motion-picture actor who projected a sinister image as a lisping, round-faced, soft-voiced villain in thrillers. A player of bit parts with a German theatrical troupe from 1921, Lorre achieved international fame as the psychotic child murderer in the German

  • Lorris, Treaty of (Europe [1243])

    Raymond VII: …to yield, and by the Treaty of Lorris (January 1243) the authority of France over Toulouse was greatly strengthened. In his later years, Raymond was a notable builder of bastides (fortified new towns).

  • lorry (vehicle)

    Truck, any motor vehicle designed to carry freight or goods or to perform special services such as fire fighting. The truck was derived from horse-driven wagon technology, and some of the pioneer manufacturers came from the wagon business. Because of a well-developed system of roads and highways in

  • Lorsch (Germany)

    Lorsch, village, Hessen Land (state), central Germany, north of Mannheim. It is best known for the ruins of its medieval abbey, from which excavations in 1932 uncovered fragments of an early pictorial stained-glass window dating from the Carolingian period (8th–9th century). The abbey and its

  • Lorsch monastery (building, Lorsch, Germany)

    Western architecture: Carolingian period: …gatehouse of the monastery of Lorsch, near Worms, Germany (founded c. 760–764). This edifice borrowed its three arch-shaped passageways and its sectioning by means of Classically influenced half-columns from ancient triumphal arches. On the other hand, Teutonic influence is evident in the upper section of the blind arcade, which consists…

  • Lort-Sverige (work by Nordstrom)

    Ludvig Anselm Nordstr?m: …Distress of the Peasantry”) and Lort-Sverige (1938; “Dirt-Sweden”), dealing with the limits of common rural existence and with the filth of the supposedly “clean” Swedish countryside. Both aroused widespread discussion and, together with the contemporaneous economic studies of Gunnar and Alva Myrdal, helped to prompt subsequent reforms. Only two of…

  • Lortzing, Albert (German composer)

    Albert Lortzing, composer who established the 19th-century style of light German opera that remained in favour until the mid-20th century. Lortzing’s parents were actors, and he was largely self-taught as a musician. He produced a one-act vaudeville, Ali Pascha von Janina, in 1828; a play with

  • Lortzing, Gustav Albert (German composer)

    Albert Lortzing, composer who established the 19th-century style of light German opera that remained in favour until the mid-20th century. Lortzing’s parents were actors, and he was largely self-taught as a musician. He produced a one-act vaudeville, Ali Pascha von Janina, in 1828; a play with

  • Lorup Bay (bay, Vanuatu)

    Banks Islands: …by the sea, thus creating Lorup Bay in its east coast. Several of the islands have active volcanoes. The islands’ inhabitants, who are mostly Melanesians, cultivate copra and coffee for export. There are airstrips on Mota Lava and Vanua Lava.

  • lory (bird)

    Lory, any of numerous parrots of the subfamily Loriinae. See

  • Los Alamos (county, New Mexico, United States)

    Los Alamos, county, north central New Mexico, U.S. It is a scenic area in the Jemez range of the Southern Rocky Mountains. The Santa Fe National Forest covers the county. The first white settlers arrived in the 1880s, and the county, named for its seat, was established out of parts of Santa Fe and

Your preference has been recorded
Check out Britannica's new site for parents!
Subscribe Today!
色色影院-色色影院app下载