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  • Luo Ben (Chinese author)

    Luo Guanzhong, Chinese writer who traditionally has been credited as the author of the classic Chinese novels Sanguozhi yanyi (Three Kingdoms) and Shuihuzhuan (Water Margin, or All Men Are Brothers). Almost nothing is known about the life of Luo. His authorship of Sanguozhi yanyi and Shuihuzhuan

  • Luo Daobun (Chinese author)

    Luo Guanzhong, Chinese writer who traditionally has been credited as the author of the classic Chinese novels Sanguozhi yanyi (Three Kingdoms) and Shuihuzhuan (Water Margin, or All Men Are Brothers). Almost nothing is known about the life of Luo. His authorship of Sanguozhi yanyi and Shuihuzhuan

  • Luo Guan (Chinese author)

    Luo Guanzhong, Chinese writer who traditionally has been credited as the author of the classic Chinese novels Sanguozhi yanyi (Three Kingdoms) and Shuihuzhuan (Water Margin, or All Men Are Brothers). Almost nothing is known about the life of Luo. His authorship of Sanguozhi yanyi and Shuihuzhuan

  • Luo Guanzhong (Chinese author)

    Luo Guanzhong, Chinese writer who traditionally has been credited as the author of the classic Chinese novels Sanguozhi yanyi (Three Kingdoms) and Shuihuzhuan (Water Margin, or All Men Are Brothers). Almost nothing is known about the life of Luo. His authorship of Sanguozhi yanyi and Shuihuzhuan

  • Luo language

    Nilo-Saharan languages: The diffusion of Nilo-Saharan languages: …Dinka (South Sudan), Kalenjin (Kenya), Luo (mainly in Kenya and Tanzania), and Teso (Uganda and Kenya). Of these, only Kanuri is a lingua franca in the proper sense.

  • Luo River (river, China)

    Henan: Drainage: …comparatively small tributaries: the right-bank Luo River, on which Luoyang stands, and the left-bank Qin River.

  • Luobupo (lake bed, China)

    Lop Nur, former saline lake in northwestern China that is now a salt-encrusted lake bed. It lies within the Tarim Basin of the eastern Takla Makan Desert, in the Uygur Autonomous Region of Xinjiang, and is one of the most barren areas of China. The former lake, occupying roughly 770 square miles

  • Luofuxing (Chinese ballad)

    Chinese literature: Poetry: Luofuxing (“The Song of Luofu”; also called Moshangsang, “Roadside Mulberry Tree”) recounts how a pretty young lady declined a carriage ride offered her by a government commissioner. The most outstanding folk ballad of this period is Kongque dongnanfei (“Southeast the Peacock Flies”). The longest poem…

  • luogu (Chinese percussion ensemble)

    Luogu, (Chinese: “gongs and drums”) Chinese percussion ensemble composed of a variety of instruments, including—in addition to an assortment of gongs and drums—cymbals, bells, and woodblocks. The luogu accompanies parades, folk dances, and theatre. Luogu also are present to accompany the popular

  • Luohe (China)

    Luohe, city, central Henan sheng (province), east-central China. It is situated on the Sha River, which flows southeastward to the Huai River, at the point where it is crossed by the main Beijing-Guangzhou (Canton) railway. It is a focus not only for rail and river transport but also for the local

  • Luongo, Roberto (Canadian hockey player)

    Vancouver Canucks: …left wing Markus Naslund, goaltender Roberto Luongo, and identical-twin forwards Daniel and Henrik Sedin, the Canucks failed to advance beyond the second round of the play-offs over that span. In 2010–11 Vancouver captured the Presidents’ Trophy for posting the NHL’s best regular-season record that season, which the team followed by…

  • Luoravetlan languages

    Luorawetlan languages, family of languages including Chukchi, Koryak, Itelmen, Aliutor, and Kerek, spoken in northeastern Siberia. The Luorawetlan language family is placed with the Yeniseian languages, Yukaghir, and Nivkh within the Paleo-Siberian languages, which are not genetically related. T

  • Luorawetlan (people)

    Chukchi, people inhabiting the northeasternmost part of Siberia, the Chukotskiy (Chukotka) autonomous okrug (district) in Russia. They numbered 14,000 in the late 20th century and are divided into two chief subgroups, reindeer Chukchi and maritime Chukchi. The reindeer Chukchi inhabit the interior

  • Luorawetlan languages

    Luorawetlan languages, family of languages including Chukchi, Koryak, Itelmen, Aliutor, and Kerek, spoken in northeastern Siberia. The Luorawetlan language family is placed with the Yeniseian languages, Yukaghir, and Nivkh within the Paleo-Siberian languages, which are not genetically related. T

  • Luotuo Xiangzi (work by Lao She)

    Chinese literature: 1927–37: …denizen of China’s “lower depths”—Luotuo Xiangzi (1936; “Camel Xiangzi,” published in English in a bowdlerized translation as Rickshaw Boy, 1945).

  • Luoyang (China)

    Luoyang, city, northwestern Henan sheng (province), east-central China. It was important in history as the capital of nine ruling dynasties and as a Buddhist centre. The contemporary city is divided into an east town and a west town. Luoyi (present-day Luoyang) was founded in the mid-11th century

  • Luoyang Jialanji (work by Yang Xuanzhi)

    Chinese literature: Prose: …mention: Yang Xuanzhi, author of Luoyang Jialanji (“Record of Buddhist Temples in Luoyang”), and Li Daoyuan, author of Shuijingzhu (“Commentary on the Water Classic”). Although both of these works seem to have been planned to serve a practical, utilitarian purpose, they are magnificent records of contemporary developments and charming storehouses…

  • Lupa Systems (company)

    James Murdoch: Instead, he founded Lupa Systems, an investment firm.

  • Lupaca (people)

    pre-Columbian civilizations: The highlands and the low countries: The Lupaca (Lupaqa), an Aymara-speaking polity whose political centre was located on the puna on the shores of Lake Titicaca, controlled outliers on both slopes.

  • Lupan, Andrei (Moldavian author)

    Moldova: The arts: …poetry of Emilian Bucov and Andrei Lupan, who followed the principles of Socialist Realism; later they and younger writers diversified their techniques and subject matter. Perhaps the most outstanding modern writer is the dramatist and novelist Ion Dru?a. His novel Balade de campie (1963; “Ballads of the Steppes”), an investigation…

  • Lupaqa (people)

    pre-Columbian civilizations: The highlands and the low countries: The Lupaca (Lupaqa), an Aymara-speaking polity whose political centre was located on the puna on the shores of Lake Titicaca, controlled outliers on both slopes.

  • Lupata Gorge (gorge, Mozambique)

    Zambezi River: Physiography: …the river has cut the Lupata Gorge through a range of hills, where it emerges onto the Mozambique Plain and occupies a broad valley that spreads out in places to a width of three to five miles. Near Vila Fontes the river receives its last great tributary, the Shire River,…

  • Lupemban industry (prehistoric technology)

    Lupemban industry, a sub-Saharan African stone tool industry dating from the late Pleistocene, beginning about 40,000 years ago. The Lupemban industry was derived from and replaced the Sangoan industry, which is found in forested areas of sub-Saharan Africa. The Lupemban industry is characterized b

  • Lupembian industry (prehistoric technology)

    Lupemban industry, a sub-Saharan African stone tool industry dating from the late Pleistocene, beginning about 40,000 years ago. The Lupemban industry was derived from and replaced the Sangoan industry, which is found in forested areas of sub-Saharan Africa. The Lupemban industry is characterized b

  • Luper, Clara (American civil rights activist)

    Clara Luper, (Clara Mae Shepard), American civil rights activist (born May 3, 1923, Okfuskee county, Okla.—died June 8, 2011, Oklahoma City, Okla.), organized one of the earliest antisegregation sit-ins in the U.S. when she led a group of 14 black students and their 3 adult chaperones to order

  • Lupercalia (ancient Roman festival)

    Lupercalia, ancient Roman festival that was conducted annually on February 15 under the superintendence of a corporation of priests called Luperci. The origins of the festival are obscure, although the likely derivation of its name from lupus (Latin: “wolf”) has variously suggested connection with

  • Luperci (Roman religion)

    Lupercalia: …a corporation of priests called Luperci. The origins of the festival are obscure, although the likely derivation of its name from lupus (Latin: “wolf”) has variously suggested connection with an ancient deity who protected herds from wolves and with the legendary she-wolf who nursed Romulus and Remus. As a fertility…

  • Lupescu, Magda (Romanian adventurer)

    Magda Lupescu, Romanian adventurer who, as mistress of King Carol II of Romania, exerted a wide-ranging influence on Romanian public affairs during the 1930s. The facts concerning her early life are uncertain, but it is known that her father was Jewish and her mother Roman Catholic. She was

  • Lupi, i (Italian football club)

    AS Roma, Italian professional football (soccer) team based in Rome. AS Roma has been an almost constant presence in Italy’s top league, Serie A, throughout its history. It is one of the best-supported teams in the country. AS Roma was founded in 1927 and joined Serie A upon the league’s formation

  • lupin (plant)

    Lupine, (genus Lupinus), genus of about 200 species of herbaceous and partly woody plants in the pea family (Fabaceae). Lupines are widely distributed in the Mediterranean area but are especially numerous on the prairies of western North America. Many are grown as ornamentals, including the Texas

  • Lupin, Arsène (fictional character)

    Arsène Lupin, fictional character in stories and novels by Maurice Leblanc. The debonair Lupin is a reformed thief, a criminal genius who has turned detective. The police are not convinced of his change of heart and often suspect him when a daring robbery

  • lupine (plant)

    Lupine, (genus Lupinus), genus of about 200 species of herbaceous and partly woody plants in the pea family (Fabaceae). Lupines are widely distributed in the Mediterranean area but are especially numerous on the prairies of western North America. Many are grown as ornamentals, including the Texas

  • Lupino family (British theatrical family)

    Lupino family, one of England’s most celebrated theatrical families. The earliest traceable Lupino—who spelled his name Luppino—flourished probably in Italy, c. 1612, and billed himself as Signor Luppino. His descendant George William (1632–93), a singer, reciter, and puppet master, went to England

  • Lupino, Arthur (British actor)

    Lupino family: His two brothers, Arthur (1864–1908) and Henry Charles (1865–1925; called Harry), were well-known music-hall performers at the turn of the century. Arthur, an incomparable animal impersonator, was chosen by Sir James Barrie to be Nana, the dog, in the premiere (1904) of his play Peter Pan.

  • Lupino, Barry (British actor)

    Lupino family: Of George Lupino’s children, Barry (1884–1962), besides being an actor, was the family archivist and Stanley (1894–1942) was a popular comedian who played variety for several years at the Drury Lane Theatre, London. Barry Lupino served some years as company comedian at the Britannia and then made extensive tours…

  • Lupino, George (British actor [1853–1932])

    Lupino family: …was George Hook’s eldest son, George (1853–1932), born in a dressing room of the Theatre Royal, Birmingham, who was immediately carried onto the stage in swaddling clothes. He died at the age of 79, shortly after his last performance as the clown in a harlequinade, with his son Barry as…

  • Lupino, George Hook (British actor [1820–1902])

    Lupino family: George Hook Lupino (1820–1902) had 16 children, at least 10 of whom became professional dancers, two marrying into the family of the well-known actress Sara Lane, manager (1871–99) of the Britannia Theatre, London. Almost the last of the old-style clowns was George Hook’s eldest son,…

  • Lupino, Harry (British actor [1865–1925])

    Lupino family: …two brothers, Arthur (1864–1908) and Henry Charles (1865–1925; called Harry), were well-known music-hall performers at the turn of the century. Arthur, an incomparable animal impersonator, was chosen by Sir James Barrie to be Nana, the dog, in the premiere (1904) of his play Peter Pan.

  • Lupino, Henry Charles (British actor [1865–1925])

    Lupino family: …two brothers, Arthur (1864–1908) and Henry Charles (1865–1925; called Harry), were well-known music-hall performers at the turn of the century. Arthur, an incomparable animal impersonator, was chosen by Sir James Barrie to be Nana, the dog, in the premiere (1904) of his play Peter Pan.

  • Lupino, Henry George (English actor)

    Lupino family: …under the stage name of Lupino Lane. Lane became a well-known cockney comedian and toured extensively in variety, musical comedy, and pantomime. In 1937 he scored a tremendous success as Bill Snibson in the British musical Me and My Girl, in which he created the “Lambeth walk,” a ballroom dance…

  • Lupino, Ida (American actress, director, and screenwriter)

    Ida Lupino, English-born American film and television actress, director, and screenwriter who first gained fame through her portrayals of strong, worldly-wise characters and went on to become one of the first women to direct films in Hollywood. Lupino was born into one of England’s most-celebrated

  • Lupino, Stanley (British actor)

    Lupino family: …was the family archivist and Stanley (1894–1942) was a popular comedian who played variety for several years at the Drury Lane Theatre, London. Barry Lupino served some years as company comedian at the Britannia and then made extensive tours that included Australia (1913), South Africa, and the Far East. He…

  • Lupinus (plant)

    Lupine, (genus Lupinus), genus of about 200 species of herbaceous and partly woody plants in the pea family (Fabaceae). Lupines are widely distributed in the Mediterranean area but are especially numerous on the prairies of western North America. Many are grown as ornamentals, including the Texas

  • Lupinus alba (plant)

    lupine: …and a few species, especially white lupine, or wolf bean (L. alba), are useful as cover and forage crops.

  • Lupinus arcticus (plant)

    seed: Dormancy and life span of seeds: …the arctic tundra lupine (Lupinus arcticus) found in a frozen lemming burrow with animal remains established to be at least 10,000 years old germinated within 48 hours when returned to favourable conditions. The problem of differential seed viability has been approached experimentally by various workers, one of whom buried…

  • Lupinus diffusus (plant)

    lupine: Spreading lupine (L. diffusus) and lady lupine (L. villosus) are distributed throughout the southern United States. Bigleaf lupine (L. polyphyllus), from the Pacific Northwest, is an invasive species in parts of Europe and New Zealand, where its ornamental Russell hybrids have escaped cultivation.

  • Lupinus nuttallii (plant)
  • Lupinus perennis (plant)

    lupine: Sundial lupine (L. perennis), with blue flower spikes, is found in dry open woods and fields of eastern North America. Spreading lupine (L. diffusus) and lady lupine (L. villosus) are distributed throughout the southern United States. Bigleaf lupine (L. polyphyllus), from the Pacific Northwest, is…

  • Lupinus polyphyllus (plant)

    lupine: Bigleaf lupine (L. polyphyllus), from the Pacific Northwest, is an invasive species in parts of Europe and New Zealand, where its ornamental Russell hybrids have escaped cultivation.

  • Lupinus subcarnosus (plant)
  • Lupinus texensis (plant)

    lupine: including the Texas bluebonnet (Lupinus texensis and others), and a few species, especially white lupine, or wolf bean (L. alba), are useful as cover and forage crops.

  • Lupinus villosus (plant)

    lupine: diffusus) and lady lupine (L. villosus) are distributed throughout the southern United States. Bigleaf lupine (L. polyphyllus), from the Pacific Northwest, is an invasive species in parts of Europe and New Zealand, where its ornamental Russell hybrids have escaped cultivation.

  • ?upków Pass (mountain pass, Europe)

    Carpathian Mountains: Physiography: …to the north and the ?upków Pass (2,100 feet) and the Laborec Valley to the south. There the Carpathians are only some 75–80 miles wide, while in the west they are 170 miles and in the east as much as 220–250 miles across.

  • Lupo (American criminal)

    Black Hand: …notorious of Black Handers was Ignazio Saietta, known to residents of Manhattan’s “Little Italy” as Lupo (the “Wolf”); in 1920 he was finally apprehended by federal authorities for counterfeiting and was sent to prison for 30 years. The most noted foe of the Black Hand was Lieut. Joseph Petrosino (1860–1909)…

  • Lupon Tagapamayapa (judicial commission, Philippines)

    Philippines: Justice: …citizens called Pacification Committees (Lupon Tagapamayapa) have been organized to effect extrajudicial settlement of minor cases between barangay residents. In each lupon (committee) there is a Conciliation Body (Pangkat Tagapagkasundo), the main function of which is to bring opposing parties together and effect amicable settlement of differences. The committee…

  • LuPone, Patti (American actress)

    Patti LuPone, American theatre and film actress known for her powerful voice and grande dame persona. LuPone was raised on Long Island. She began dancing at age four and later performed with her two elder brothers. Following high school, she enrolled in the drama division of the Juilliard School,

  • LuPone, Patti Ann (American actress)

    Patti LuPone, American theatre and film actress known for her powerful voice and grande dame persona. LuPone was raised on Long Island. She began dancing at age four and later performed with her two elder brothers. Following high school, she enrolled in the drama division of the Juilliard School,

  • Luppino family (British theatrical family)

    Lupino family, one of England’s most celebrated theatrical families. The earliest traceable Lupino—who spelled his name Luppino—flourished probably in Italy, c. 1612, and billed himself as Signor Luppino. His descendant George William (1632–93), a singer, reciter, and puppet master, went to England

  • Lupsuk Peak (mountain, Pakistan)

    Hindu Kush: Physiography: …metres])—which strikes southward from the Lupsuk Peak (18,861 feet [5,749 metres]) in the eastern region, then continues to the Lawarai Pass (12,100 feet [3,688 metres]) and beyond to the Kābul River. If this chain is considered part of the Hindu Kush, then the outlying mountains of the Swat Kohistan region…

  • Lupton, Thomas Goff (British engraver)

    Thomas Goff Lupton, English mezzotint engraver and miniatures painter who was the first artist to use soft steel plates in the art of engraving. This development permitted a printing of up to 1,500 mezzotints of excellent quality. The copper plates formerly used were very soft and could produce

  • Lupus (constellation)

    Lupus, (Latin: “Wolf”) constellation in the southern sky at about 15 hours right ascension and 40° south in declination. Its brightest star is Alpha Lupi, with a magnitude of 2.3. For the ancient Greeks and Romans this constellation represented either a wolf or a fox impaled on a pole held by the

  • Lupus (English archbishop)

    Wulfstan, bishop of London, 996–1002, archbishop of York, 1002–23, and bishop of Worcester, 1002–16, the author of many Old English homilies, treatises, and law codes. He was a product of the Benedictine revival and probably had some early connection with one of the Fenland abbeys, but nothing is

  • lupus erythematosus (pathology)

    Lupus erythematosus, an autoimmune disorder that causes chronic inflammation in various parts of the body. Three main types of lupus are recognized—discoid, drug-induced, and systemic. Discoid lupus affects only the skin and does not usually involve internal organs. The term discoid refers to a

  • Lupus I (duke of Gascony)

    France: The hegemony of Neustria: In southern Gaul the duke Lupus changed the status of Aquitaine from a duchy to an independent principality.

  • Lupus of Ferrières (medieval scholar)

    textual criticism: From antiquity to the Renaissance: …the best scholars, such as Lupus of Ferrières (fl. 850). From about 1350, however, a change in attitude is evident, particularly in the West. What is often called the revival of learning was in reality a practical movement to enlist the heritage of classical antiquity in the service of the…

  • Lupus, Servatus (Roman scholar)

    classical scholarship: The Carolingian Renaissance: …to a humanistic scholar was Servatus Lupus, abbot of Ferrières (c. 805–862), who collected, copied, and excerpted ancient manuscripts on a large scale. Despite the splitting up of the Carolingian Empire in 843 and the troubles resulting from the barbarian attacks on Europe of the 9th and 10th centuries, the…

  • Luque (Paraguay)

    Luque, city, southern Paraguay. Founded in 1635, Luque rose to prominence as the temporary national capital during the bloody Paraguayan War (1864–70) with Argentina, Brazil, and Uruguay. Oranges, sugarcane, tobacco, cotton, and livestock produced in the area supply the markets of nearby Asunción,

  • Luque Guzman, Adolfo Domingo (Cuban baseball player and manager)

    Dolf Luque, Cuban professional baseball player and manager who was the first player from Latin America to become a star in the U.S. major leagues. Luque, a right-handed pitcher, made his major league debut in 1914 with the Boston Braves but spent most of his career in the United States with the

  • Luque, Dolf (Cuban baseball player and manager)

    Dolf Luque, Cuban professional baseball player and manager who was the first player from Latin America to become a star in the U.S. major leagues. Luque, a right-handed pitcher, made his major league debut in 1914 with the Boston Braves but spent most of his career in the United States with the

  • Luque, Hernando de (Spanish priest)

    Francisco Pizarro: Discovery and conquest of Peru: …de Almagro, and a priest, Hernando de Luque, he made preparations for a voyage of discovery and conquest down the west coast of South America. Many hardships were endured along the Colombian coast during the first (1524–25) and second (1526–28) expeditions. Bartolomé Ruiz, who joined Pizarro and Almagro for the…

  • Luquillo, Sierra de (mountains, Puerto Rico)

    Cordillera Central: …another subsidiary branch, is the Sierra de Luquillo, which constitutes the northeastern part of the island; it is separated from the Sierra de Cayey by the Caguas, Gurabo, and Blanco valleys. Almost two-thirds of this humid tropical region is occupied by the Caribbean National Forest.

  • lur (musical instrument)

    Lur, bronze horn, or trumpet, found in prehistoric Scandinavian excavations. It has a conical bore that extends in length from roughly 5 to 8 feet (1.5 to 2.5 metres) in a bent S-shape (somewhat resembling a mammoth tusk) and ends in an embossed metal disk. The mouthpiece of the lur is permanently

  • Lur (people)

    Lur, any member of a mountain Shī?ite Muslim people of western Iran numbering more than two million. The Lurs live mainly in the provinces of Lorestān, Bakhtīārī, and Kohgīlūyeh va Būyer A?mad. Their main languages are Luri and Laki. Luri, which has northern and southern variants, is closely

  • Luray Caverns (caves, Virginia, United States)

    Luray Caverns, series of limestone caves in Page county, northwestern Virginia, U.S., near the town of Luray (headquarters of Shenandoah National Park). Covering 64 acres (26 hectares), the caverns, discovered in 1878, were formed millions of years ago by underground rivers and seepage of

  • Luray Singing Tower (carillon, Virginia, United States)

    Luray Caverns: The Luray Singing Tower, at the entrance to the caverns, is a carillon 117 feet (36 metres) high with 47 bells ranging from 12.5 pounds (5.7 kg) to 7,640 pounds (3,466 kg). In 1956, a “stalacpipe organ” was constructed in the caverns by placing rubber-tipped plungers…

  • Lur?at, Jean (French painter)

    Jean Lur?at, French painter and designer who is frequently called the most instrumental figure in reviving the art of designing and weaving tapestries in the 20th century. Although his first tapestries were executed and exhibited in 1917, it was not until 1936 that Lur?at turned from being

  • lurch (cribbage)

    cribbage: The play and the showing: …is “lurched” (“left in the lurch”) and, if the play is for stakes, loses doubly. (As sometimes played, the winner must be able to count out to exactly 121, just as, in playing for a go, he tries to reach 31 exactly. Thus, for example, if a player’s score is…

  • lurched (cribbage)

    cribbage: The play and the showing: …is “lurched” (“left in the lurch”) and, if the play is for stakes, loses doubly. (As sometimes played, the winner must be able to count out to exactly 121, just as, in playing for a go, he tries to reach 31 exactly. Thus, for example, if a player’s score is…

  • lure (musical instrument)

    Lur, bronze horn, or trumpet, found in prehistoric Scandinavian excavations. It has a conical bore that extends in length from roughly 5 to 8 feet (1.5 to 2.5 metres) in a bent S-shape (somewhat resembling a mammoth tusk) and ends in an embossed metal disk. The mouthpiece of the lur is permanently

  • lure (fishing)

    fishing: Methods: …but grew to use artificial lures—pieces of metal or painted plastic designed to imitate a fish’s natural prey—as well as metal spoons and spinners. The lures are cast in likely fish-rich areas and are retrieved in a manner that allows them to effect a swimming action in the water. Lures…

  • Lure of Speed, The (book by Segrave)

    Sir Henry Segrave: His book, The Lure of Speed, was published in 1928. He was knighted in 1929.

  • Lured (film by Sirk [1947])

    Douglas Sirk: Hollywood films of the 1940s: Sirk followed it with Lured (1947), a thriller in which Sanders menaced Lucille Ball.

  • Lures (novel by Goyette)

    Sue Goyette: Early work: Set in Beaumont, Quebec, Lures (2002) is Goyette’s first novel. In it children from two troubled, unconventional families—an obsessive, neat-freak mother, a father who stalks boys, a lost pothead brother—suffer under the strain of unresolved pain and unspoken love. Each of the children finds solace in different ways, but…

  • Lurgan (Northern Ireland, United Kingdom)

    Lurgan, market town, Armagh City, Banbridge and Craigavon district, southeastern Northern Ireland. In 1610 James I granted land to John Brownlow, who formed an English colony there. By the end of the 17th century, linen manufacture was established. James Logan emigrated from Lurgan in 1699 to

  • Lurgi system (industrial process)

    coal utilization: The Lurgi system: The most important fixed-bed gasifier available commercially is the Lurgi gasifier, developed by the Lurgi Company in Germany in the 1930s. It is a dry-bottom, fixed-bed system usually operated at pressures between 30 and 35 atmospheres. Since it is a pressurized system, coarse-sized…

  • Luria, A. R. (Soviet neuropsychologist)

    A.R. Luria, Soviet neuropsychologist. After earning degrees in psychology, education, and medicine, he became professor of psychology at Moscow State University and later head of its department of neuropsychology. Influenced by his former teacher L.S. Vygotsky, he studied language disorders and the

  • Luria, Aleksandr Romanovich (Soviet neuropsychologist)

    A.R. Luria, Soviet neuropsychologist. After earning degrees in psychology, education, and medicine, he became professor of psychology at Moscow State University and later head of its department of neuropsychology. Influenced by his former teacher L.S. Vygotsky, he studied language disorders and the

  • Luria, Isaac ben Solomon (Jewish mystic)

    Isaac ben Solomon Luria, eponymous founder of the Lurianic school of Kabbala (Jewish esoteric mysticism). Luria’s youth was spent in Egypt, where he became versed in rabbinic studies, engaged in commerce, and eventually concentrated on study of the Zohar, the central work of Kabbala. In 1570 he

  • Luria, Ruggiero di (Italian admiral)

    Ruggiero di Lauria, Italian admiral in the service of Aragon and Sicily who won important naval victories over the French Angevins (house of Anjou) in the war between France and Aragon over the possession of Sicily in the 1280s. Lauria, who was taken from Italy about 1262, grew up at the Aragonese

  • Luria, Salvador (Italian-American biologist)

    Salvador Luria, Italian-born American biologist who (with Max Delbrück and Alfred Day Hershey) won the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine in 1969 for research on bacteriophages, viruses that infect bacteria. Luria graduated from the University of Turin in 1935 and became a radiology specialist.

  • Luria, Salvador Edward (Italian-American biologist)

    Salvador Luria, Italian-born American biologist who (with Max Delbrück and Alfred Day Hershey) won the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine in 1969 for research on bacteriophages, viruses that infect bacteria. Luria graduated from the University of Turin in 1935 and became a radiology specialist.

  • Luria, Salvador Edward (Italian-American biologist)

    Salvador Luria, Italian-born American biologist who (with Max Delbrück and Alfred Day Hershey) won the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine in 1969 for research on bacteriophages, viruses that infect bacteria. Luria graduated from the University of Turin in 1935 and became a radiology specialist.

  • Lurianic Kabbala (Judaic mysticism)

    Judaism: The Lurianic Kabbala: After the establishment of the Zoharic corpus, no major changes took place in Jewish esoterism until the middle of the 16th century, when a religious centre of extreme importance for Judaism, mainly inspired by teachers coming from families expelled from Spain, was established…

  • Lurie, Alison (American author)

    Alison Lurie, American writer whose urbane and witty novels usually feature upper-middle-class academics in a university setting. Lurie graduated from Radcliffe College in 1947 and later taught English and then children’s literature at Cornell University. One of her best-known books, The War

  • Lúrio (river, Mozambique)

    Mozambique: Drainage: Rivers—including the Lúrio, Ligonha, Save (Sabi), Changane, and Incomáti (Komati)—also define many of the country’s local political boundaries. Other important drainage systems include the Messalo River in the north, the Púngoè (Púnguè), Revuè, and Búzi rivers, which enter the Mozambique Channel together just south of the port…

  • Luristan (region, Iran)

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