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  • route orienteering (sport)

    orienteering: …accurately adhering to the route; route orienteering, in which the route is marked not on a master map but on the ground itself and in which contestants must indicate the position of the controls on their own maps; and score orienteering, in which controls, which may be visited in any…

  • Route region (region, Panama)

    Panama: Settlement patterns: …River, is known as the Chagres, or Route, region. It includes the cities of Panama City and Colón, the urban district of San Miguelito, and the towns of Balboa, La Chorrera, Gamboa, and Cristóbal. Panama City, situated on the Pacific coast overlooking the Bay of Panama, is the dominant population…

  • router (tool)

    Router, portable electric power tool used in carpentry and furniture making that consists of an electric motor, a base, two handle knobs, and bits (cutting tools). The motor has a chuck for holding the bits by their straight shanks on one end of its shaft and fits upright (chuck down) in the base.

  • Routhier, Sir Adolphe Basile (Canadian jurist)

    O Canada: …French lyrics were written by Sir Adolphe-Basile Routhier (1839–1920), later chief justice of Quebec. The English lyrics, which are not a translation or rendering of the French, were written in 1908 by Robert Stanley Weir (1856–1926), a lawyer and recorder of Montreal.

  • routinization (sociology)

    Calvinism: …movement that Max Weber called “routinization”—the stage that comes after a movement’s creative beginnings and, as a kind of reaction against the disorderly freedom of individual creativity, represents the quite different values of order and regularity. It is also relevant to explaining these changes in Calvinism that they occurred during…

  • Rouvier, Maurice (premier of France)

    Maurice Rouvier, French statesman who had some success in balancing the budget during periods of his seven terms as minister of finance and two terms as premier. Having launched the republican journal L’égalité in 1870, Rouvier, a supporter of Léon Gambetta—one of the founding fathers of the Third

  • Rouvroy, Claude-Henri de (French social reformer)

    Henri de Saint-Simon, French social theorist and one of the chief founders of Christian socialism. In his major work, Nouveau Christianisme (1825), he proclaimed a brotherhood of man that must accompany the scientific organization of industry and society. Saint-Simon was born of an impoverished

  • Rouvroy, Claude-Henri de, Comte de Saint-Simon (French social reformer)

    Henri de Saint-Simon, French social theorist and one of the chief founders of Christian socialism. In his major work, Nouveau Christianisme (1825), he proclaimed a brotherhood of man that must accompany the scientific organization of industry and society. Saint-Simon was born of an impoverished

  • Roux, émile (French bacteriologist)

    émile Roux, French bacteriologist noted for his work on diphtheria and tetanus and for his collaboration with Louis Pasteur in the development of vaccines. Roux began his medical studies at the University of Clermont-Ferrand. In 1878 he was accepted into Pasteur’s laboratory at the University of

  • Roux, Jacques (French priest)

    Jacques Roux, French priest who became the leader of the democratic extremists known as the Enragés (literally “Madmen”) during the French Revolution. At the outbreak of the Revolution in 1789, Roux was a vicar of a parish in Paris. Soon he began preaching the ideals of popular democracy to crowds

  • Roux, Rómulo (Panamanian politician)

    Panama: Transitions to democracy and sovereignty: …José Blandón of the PP; Rómulo Roux of the CD, a lawyer and onetime president of the board of directors of the Panama Canal Authority; and the leading independent candidate, Ricardo Lombana, a lawyer and journalist. Perhaps not surprisingly, the principal issue for most voters was corruption, and all of…

  • Roux, Wilhelm (German zoologist)

    Wilhelm Roux, German zoologist whose attempts to discover how organs and tissues are assigned their structural form and functions at the time of fertilization made him a founder of experimental embryology. A student of German biologist Ernst Haeckel, Roux studied in Jena, Berlin, and Strasbourg. He

  • Rouyn-Noranda (Quebec, Canada)

    Rouyn-Noranda, city, Abitibi-Témiscamingue region, western Quebec province, Canada. It is located on the western shore of Lake Osisko, 315 miles (507 km) northwest of Montreal city. Rouyn and its twin city, Noranda, originated in the 1920s when gold and copper ores were first exploited in the area.

  • Rouzat (France)

    bridge: Railway bridges: …most striking of these, at Rouzat, features wrought-iron towers that for the first time visibly reflect the need for lateral stiffness to counter the influence of horizontal wind loads. Lateral stiffness is achieved by curving the towers out at the base where they meet the masonry foundations, a design style…

  • Rovani, Giuseppe (Italian author)

    scapigliatura: …chief spokesmen were the novelists Giuseppe Rovani and Emilio Praga. Other members included the poet and musician Arrigo Boito (chiefly remembered today as Verdi’s librettist), the poet and literary professor Arturo Graf, and Iginio Ugo Tarchetti.

  • Rovaniemi (Finland)

    Rovaniemi, city, northern Finland, at the junction of the Kemi and Ounas rivers, northeast of Tornio, on the Arctic Circle. Incorporated in 1929, it became the administrative centre of Lappi in 1939, when the government of Lapland was reorganized. Road building between 1920 and 1940 spurred its

  • rove beetle (insect)

    Rove beetle, (family Staphylinidae), any member of a family of numerous widely distributed insects in the order Coleoptera that are known for their usually elongated, slender bodies, their short elytra (wing covers), and their association with decaying organic matter. With an estimated 46,000 to

  • Rove, Karl (American political consultant)

    Karl Rove, American political consultant and principal architect of U.S. Pres. George W. Bush’s two presidential election campaigns (2000, 2004). Rove was political even as a young child. He pasted campaign stickers for Richard M. Nixon on his bicycle in 1960, and while in high school he

  • Rove, Karl Christian (American political consultant)

    Karl Rove, American political consultant and principal architect of U.S. Pres. George W. Bush’s two presidential election campaigns (2000, 2004). Rove was political even as a young child. He pasted campaign stickers for Richard M. Nixon on his bicycle in 1960, and while in high school he

  • rove-over (poetry)

    Rove-over, having an extrametrical syllable at the end of one line that forms a foot with the first syllable of the next line. The term is used to describe a type of verse in sprung rhythm, Gerard Manley Hopkins’s method of counting only the stressed syllables of a line. Thus, the metre of a verse

  • Rovenki (Ukraine)

    Rovenky, city, southeastern Ukraine. Rovenky is 37 miles (60 km) south of the city of Luhansk on the Debaltseve-Likhovsky rail line. It was first documented in 1705 as the Cossack settlement of Osykovy Rovenyok, located on a Ukrainian frontier defense line. It was incorporated as a city in 1934.

  • Rovenky (Ukraine)

    Rovenky, city, southeastern Ukraine. Rovenky is 37 miles (60 km) south of the city of Luhansk on the Debaltseve-Likhovsky rail line. It was first documented in 1705 as the Cossack settlement of Osykovy Rovenyok, located on a Ukrainian frontier defense line. It was incorporated as a city in 1934.

  • rover bellflower (plant)

    bellflower: Rover, or creeping, bellflower (C. rapunculoides) is a European plant that has become naturalized in North America and is named for its spreading rhizomes. Throatwort, or bats-in-the-belfry (C. trachelium), a coarse, erect, hairy Eurasian plant also naturalized in North America, bears clusters of lilac-coloured funnel-shaped…

  • Rover Company Ltd. (British company)

    automotive industry: Europe after World War II: …and commercial trucks, became the Rover Group. Eventually Jaguar regained profitability, and the British government sold off the company through a public stock offering. The remaining Rover/Mini operations were acquired by British Aerospace Corporation. Rover then entered into a cooperative venture with Japan’s Honda in which cars of Honda design…

  • Rover Group (British company)

    automotive industry: Europe after World War II: …and commercial trucks, became the Rover Group. Eventually Jaguar regained profitability, and the British government sold off the company through a public stock offering. The remaining Rover/Mini operations were acquired by British Aerospace Corporation. Rover then entered into a cooperative venture with Japan’s Honda in which cars of Honda design…

  • Rover Safety (bicycle)

    bicycle: The safety bicycle: …market acceptance was the 1885 Rover Safety designed by John Kemp Starley (James Starley’s nephew). Prior to 1885 many alternative designs were called safety bicycles, but, after the Rover pattern took over the market in the late 1880s, safety bicycles were simply called bicycles. The last catalog year for ordinaries…

  • Rover, The (play by Behn)

    The Rover, comedy by Aphra Behn, produced and published in two parts in 1677 and 1681. Set in Madrid and Naples during the exile of England’s King Charles II, the play depicts the adventures of a small group of English Cavaliers. The protagonist, the charming but irresponsible Willmore, may have

  • Rover; or, The Banish’t Cavaliers, The (play by Behn)

    The Rover, comedy by Aphra Behn, produced and published in two parts in 1677 and 1681. Set in Madrid and Naples during the exile of England’s King Charles II, the play depicts the adventures of a small group of English Cavaliers. The protagonist, the charming but irresponsible Willmore, may have

  • Rovereto (Italy)

    Rovereto, town, Trentino–Alto Adige regione, northern Italy. Rovereto lies in the Lagarina valley, on the Leno River near its junction with the Adige, south of Trento on the Brenner-Verona railway. It was ruled by the Castelbarco family from about 1300, then by Venice (1416–1509) and Austria

  • Roviana language (language)

    Melanesian languages: …franca in Papua New Guinea; Roviana, the language of the Methodist Mission in the Solomon Islands; Bambatana, a literary language used by the Methodists on Choiseul Island; Bugotu, a lingua franca on Santa Isabel (Ysabel Island); Tolai, a widely used missionary language in New Britain and New Ireland; Yabêm and…

  • Rovigo (Italy)

    Rovigo, city, Veneto regione, northeastern Italy. Rovigo lies along the Adigetto Canal, south of Padua. Mentioned as Rodigo in a document of 838, it was ruled by the house of Este until it passed to Venice in 1482 and to Austria after 1797. It was annexed to Italy in 1866. Landmarks include the

  • Rovigo, Anne-Jean-Marie-René Savary, duc de (French general)

    Anne-Jean-Marie-René Savary, duc de Rovigo, French general, administrator, and trusted servant of Napoleon I. Savary joined the army in 1790 and fought in the Rhine campaigns. He was aide-de-camp first to General Louis Desaix de Veygoux in Egypt (1798) and, after Desaix’s death in 1800, to Napoleon

  • roving (archery)

    Roving, in archery, form of practice or competition dating from at least the 16th century, when it was practiced by the Honourable Artillery Company at Finsbury Fields near London. Archers set up many marks on the field and shot from one to the next in sequence, the object being, as in golf, to u

  • Rovno (Ukraine)

    Rivne, city, northwestern Ukraine, on the small Ustya (Ustye) River. First mentioned in 1282, Rivne was long a minor Polish settlement. In 1795 it passed to Russia and in 1797 was made a town. Growth began at the end of the 19th century when the town became an important rail junction. It reverted

  • Rovuma, Rio (river, Tanzania)

    Ruvuma River, perennial river rising in the Matagoro Mountains in southeastern Tanzania. Flowing eastward into the Indian Ocean at a point about 20 miles (32 km) north of Cape Delgado, the Ruvuma River forms the boundary between Tanzania and Mozambique for a length of 400 miles (650 km) from the c

  • row house (architecture)

    Camden: The “boxlike” row houses that were built for workers in the 1930s are architecturally unique; many, however, have been abandoned or torn down. The poet Walt Whitman lived in Camden from 1873 until his death in 1892; his home is maintained as a state historic site. The…

  • rowan (plant)

    Mountain ash, (genus Sorbus), genus of several shrubs or trees in the rose family (Rosaceae), native to the Northern Hemisphere. Unrelated to true ashes (genus Fraxinus, family Oleaceae), mountain ashes are widely cultivated as ornamentals for their flower clusters and brightly coloured fruits.

  • Rowan & Martin’s Laugh-in (American television program)

    Rowan & Martin’s Laugh-in, American television comedy and variety show that aired on the National Broadcasting Company (NBC) network for six seasons (1968–73). The series won several Emmy and Golden Globe awards, including the 1969 Golden Globe for best television show, and in its first two seasons

  • Rowan and Martin’s Laugh-in (American television program)

    Rowan & Martin’s Laugh-in, American television comedy and variety show that aired on the National Broadcasting Company (NBC) network for six seasons (1968–73). The series won several Emmy and Golden Globe awards, including the 1969 Golden Globe for best television show, and in its first two seasons

  • Rowan College of New Jersey (university, Glassboro, New Jersey, United States)

    Rowan University, public, coeducational institution of higher learning in Glassboro, New Jersey, U.S. It includes the schools of business, education, engineering, fine and performing arts, and liberal arts and sciences. In addition to some 30 bachelor’s degree programs, the college offers a range

  • Rowan University (university, Glassboro, New Jersey, United States)

    Rowan University, public, coeducational institution of higher learning in Glassboro, New Jersey, U.S. It includes the schools of business, education, engineering, fine and performing arts, and liberal arts and sciences. In addition to some 30 bachelor’s degree programs, the college offers a range

  • Rowan, Andrew Summers (United States officer)

    Andrew Summers Rowan, U.S. Army officer, bearer of the “message to Garcia.” Rowan graduated from West Point in 1881. In 1898, at the outbreak of the Spanish-American War, he was sent to the rebel Cuban leader Gen. Calixto Garcia y í?iguez to determine the strength of the insurgent armies and obtain

  • Rowan, Carl (American journalist)

    Carl Rowan, American journalist, writer, public official, and radio and television commentator who was one of the first African American officers in the U.S. Navy during World War II. After serving as a communications officer in the navy, he earned a degree in mathematics from Oberlin (Ohio)

  • Rowan, Carl Thomas (American journalist)

    Carl Rowan, American journalist, writer, public official, and radio and television commentator who was one of the first African American officers in the U.S. Navy during World War II. After serving as a communications officer in the navy, he earned a degree in mathematics from Oberlin (Ohio)

  • Rowan, Chadwick Haheo (Japanese sumo wrestler)

    Akebono, American-born Japanese sumo wrestler, who, in January 1993, became the first non-Japanese person to be elevated to yokozuna (grand champion) status, the highest rank in professional sumo. Rowan grew up on the island of Oahu in Hawaii and entered college there on a basketball scholarship.

  • Rowan, Dan (American comedian)

    Rowan & Martin's Laugh-in: …was hosted by veteran comedians Dan Rowan and Dick Martin, playing the straight-man and the dummy, respectively, the show relied largely on young, emerging talents, such as Goldie Hawn, Gary Owens, Arte Johnson, Ruth Buzzi, and Henry Gibson, who quickly became household names. The regular performers frequently reprised characters and…

  • rowboat

    Rowboat, boat propelled by oars alone, probably the most common type of boat found around waterfronts and at most fishing camps and docks on inland waters. A true rowboat or sculling boat has an easy motion through the water and, most important, glides between strokes. Thus the boat’s forward

  • Rowbotham, John Frederick (British writer)

    musical instrument: History and evolution: The British writer John Frederick Rowbotham argued that there was originally a drum stage, followed by a pipe stage, and finally a lyre stage. The Austrian writer Richard Wallaschek, on the other hand, maintained that, although rhythm was the primal element, the pipe came first, followed by song,…

  • Rowe, A. P. (British manager)

    operations research: History: …result of the initiative of A.P. Rowe, superintendent of the Bawdsey Research Station, who led British scientists to teach military leaders how to use the then newly developed radar to locate enemy aircraft. By 1939 the Royal Air Force formally commenced efforts to extend the range of radar equipment so…

  • Rowe, John H. (American archaeologist)

    pre-Columbian civilizations: The Initial Period: …Period by the American scholar John H. Rowe, and the Lower Formative by the Peruvian archaeologist Luis G. Lumbreras, began with the introduction of pottery. The earliest ceramics have yielded radiocarbon dates of about 1800 bc, although Rowe has suggested that even a date of 2100 bc is plausible. Ceramics…

  • Rowe, Nicholas (English writer and editor)

    Nicholas Rowe, English writer who was the first to attempt a critical edition of the works of Shakespeare. Rowe succeeded Nahum Tate as poet laureate in 1715 and was also the foremost 18th-century English tragic dramatist, doing much to assist the rise of domestic tragedy. Rowe was called to the

  • Rowell, Galen (American photographer)

    Galen Rowell, American landscape photographer (born Aug. 23, 1940, Berkeley, Calif.—died Aug. 11, 2002, Bishop, Calif.), captured breathtaking images of some of the remotest parts of the world. Galen was an avid mountain climber and traveler; his photography was a natural extension of his love f

  • Rowell, Newton Wesley (Canadian politician and jurist)

    Newton Wesley Rowell, Canadian politician and jurist who served as chief justice of Ontario in 1936–37. Rowell was called to the bar in 1891 and made king’s counselor in 1902. As a member of the Ontario legislative assembly in 1911, he became leader of the Liberal opposition. He entered the

  • Rowi kiwi (bird)

    kiwi: rowi), also called the Rowi kiwi; and the brown kiwi (A. mantelli), also called the North Island brown kiwi.

  • rowing (boat propulsion and sport)

    Rowing, propulsion of a boat by means of oars. As a sport, it involves watercraft known as shells (usually propelled by eight oars) and sculls (two or four oars), which are raced mainly on inland rivers and lakes. The term rowing refers to the use of a single oar grasped in both hands, while

  • rowing (political science)

    governance: Neoliberalism: …which they describe as “rowing.” They argue that bureaucracy is bankrupt as a tool for rowing. And they propose replacing bureaucracy with an “entrepreneurial government,” based on competition, markets, customers, and measurement of outcomes.

  • rowing boat

    Rowboat, boat propelled by oars alone, probably the most common type of boat found around waterfronts and at most fishing camps and docks on inland waters. A true rowboat or sculling boat has an easy motion through the water and, most important, glides between strokes. Thus the boat’s forward

  • Rowland Institute of Science (United States)

    Edwin Herbert Land: …research by working with the Rowland Institute of Science, a nonprofit centre supported by the Rowland Foundation, Inc., a corporation that Land founded in 1960. Under Land’s direction, Rowland researchers discovered that perception of light and colour is regulated essentially by the brain, rather than through a spectrum system in…

  • Rowland, Dick (American historical figure)

    Tulsa race riot of 1921: On May 30, 1921, Dick Rowland, a young African American shoe shiner, was accused of assaulting a white elevator operator named Sarah Page in the elevator of a building in downtown Tulsa. The next day the Tulsa Tribune printed a story saying that Rowland had tried to rape Page,…

  • Rowland, F. Sherwood (American chemist)

    F. Sherwood Rowland, American chemist who shared the 1995 Nobel Prize for Chemistry with chemists Mario Molina and Paul Crutzen for research on the depletion of the Earth’s ozone layer. Working with Molina, Rowland discovered that man-made chlorofluorocarbon (CFC) propellants accelerate the

  • Rowland, Frank Sherwood (American chemist)

    F. Sherwood Rowland, American chemist who shared the 1995 Nobel Prize for Chemistry with chemists Mario Molina and Paul Crutzen for research on the depletion of the Earth’s ozone layer. Working with Molina, Rowland discovered that man-made chlorofluorocarbon (CFC) propellants accelerate the

  • Rowland, Henry Augustus (American physicist)

    Henry Augustus Rowland, American physicist who invented the concave diffraction grating, which replaced prisms and plane gratings in many applications, and revolutionized spectrum analysis—the resolution of a beam of light into components that differ in wavelength. In 1872 Rowland became an

  • Rowland, Roland Walter (British entrepreneur)

    Roland Walter Rowland, British business tycoon (born Nov. 27, 1917, Belgaum, India—died July 24, 1998, London, Eng.), was labeled "the unacceptable face of capitalism" by British Prime Minister Edward Heath in 1972, owing to his flamboyance and aggressive business practices. To other observers it s

  • Rowland, Tiny (British entrepreneur)

    Roland Walter Rowland, British business tycoon (born Nov. 27, 1917, Belgaum, India—died July 24, 1998, London, Eng.), was labeled "the unacceptable face of capitalism" by British Prime Minister Edward Heath in 1972, owing to his flamboyance and aggressive business practices. To other observers it s

  • Rowlands, Daniel (Welsh religious leader)

    Presbyterian Church of Wales: …of conversion in 1735, and Daniel Rowlands, an Anglican curate in Cardiganshire who experienced a similar conversion. After the two men met in 1737, they began cooperating in their work and were responsible for starting the religious revival in Wales and for founding Methodist associations. Eventually, however, doctrinal and personal…

  • Rowlands, Gena (American actress)

    Gena Rowlands, American actress who was perhaps best known for the 10 films she made with her husband, director John Cassavetes. Their most-notable collaborations were A Woman Under the Influence (1974) and Gloria (1980). Rowlands’s father, Edwin Myrwyn Rowlands, was a banker and a politician who

  • Rowlands, John (British explorer)

    Henry Morton Stanley, British American explorer of central Africa, famous for his rescue of the Scottish missionary and explorer David Livingstone and for his discoveries in and development of the Congo region. He was knighted in 1899. Stanley’s parents, John Rowlands and Elizabeth Parry, gave

  • Rowlands, Patricia (British actress)

    Patsy Rowlands, (Patricia Rowlands), British actress (born Jan. 19, 1934, London, Eng.—died Jan. 22, 2005, Hove, East Sussex, Eng.), was a successful stage and film character actress for 50 years, but she was best remembered for her roles in 9 of the 31 raucous, double entendre-laden Carry On f

  • Rowlands, Patsy (British actress)

    Patsy Rowlands, (Patricia Rowlands), British actress (born Jan. 19, 1934, London, Eng.—died Jan. 22, 2005, Hove, East Sussex, Eng.), was a successful stage and film character actress for 50 years, but she was best remembered for her roles in 9 of the 31 raucous, double entendre-laden Carry On f

  • Rowlands, Tom (British musician)

    the Chemical Brothers: …9, 1970, London, England) and Tom Rowlands (b. January 11, 1971, Oxfordshire) met at Manchester University in 1989. Already fans of hip-hop, the pair quickly became avid participants in the “Madchester” rave scene, then buzzing thanks to the synergy of house music and the drug Ecstasy. Rowlands and Simons attended…

  • Rowlands, Virginia Cathryn (American actress)

    Gena Rowlands, American actress who was perhaps best known for the 10 films she made with her husband, director John Cassavetes. Their most-notable collaborations were A Woman Under the Influence (1974) and Gloria (1980). Rowlands’s father, Edwin Myrwyn Rowlands, was a banker and a politician who

  • Rowlandson, Mary (American colonial author)

    Mary Rowlandson, British American colonial author who wrote one of the first 17th-century captivity narratives, in which she told of her capture by Native Americans, revealing both elements of Native American life and of Puritan-Indian conflicts in early New England. Mary White was taken to America

  • Rowlandson, Thomas (English painter and caricaturist)

    Thomas Rowlandson, English painter and caricaturist who illustrated the life of 18th-century England and created comic images of familiar social types of his day, such as the antiquarian, the old maid, the blowsy barmaid, and the Grub Street hack. His characters ranged from the ridiculously

  • Rowlatt Acts (1919, India)

    Rowlatt Acts, (February 1919), legislation passed by the Imperial Legislative Council, the legislature of British India. The acts allowed certain political cases to be tried without juries and permitted internment of suspects without trial. Their object was to replace the repressive provisions of

  • Rowley Mile (racecourse, Newmarket, England, United Kingdom)

    Newmarket: …southwest of the town: the Rowley Mile course, used in the spring and autumn, and the July course, used in the summer. The Rowley Mile intersects the Devil’s Ditch, or Devil’s Dyke, an earthwork thought to have been built by the East Anglians as a defense against the Mercians about…

  • Rowley Shelf (continental shelf, Pacific Ocean)

    Sahul Shelf: …the Timor Sea; and the Rowley Shelf (120,000 square miles [310,800 square km]) underlying a part of the northwest Indian Ocean extending to North West Cape, Western Australia. To the north lie the deeper Timor Trough and the volcanic Lesser Sunda Islands, separating the Sahul from the Sunda Shelf. The…

  • Rowley, Janet Davison (American medical researcher)

    Janet Davison Rowley, American medical researcher (born April 5, 1925, New York, N.Y.—died Dec. 17, 2013, Chicago, Ill.), established a link between some forms of cancer and specific genetic abnormalities. This discovery revolutionized cancer treatment and research, enabling more-effective drug

  • Rowley, Samuel (English dramatist)

    Samuel Rowley, English dramatist apparently employed by the theatrical manager Philip Henslowe. Sometimes he is described as William Rowley’s brother, but they seem not to have been related. After 1601 Rowley acted with and wrote plays for the Admiral’s Men and other companies. Several plays on

  • Rowley, Thomas (fictitious British poet)

    Thomas Chatterton: …a 15th-century monk of Bristol, Thomas Rowley, a fictitious character created by Chatterton. The name was taken from a civilian’s monument brass at St. John’s Church in Bristol. The poems had many shortcomings both as medieval writings and as poetry. Yet Chatterton threw all his powers into the poems, supposedly…

  • Rowley, William (English dramatist and actor)

    William Rowley, English dramatist and actor who collaborated with several Jacobean dramatists, notably Thomas Middleton. Rowley became an actor before 1610. He met Middleton about 1614 but was already writing plays for his company, Prince Charles’s Men, in 1612–13. He later joined Lady Elizabeth’s

  • Rowling, Bill (prime minister of New Zealand)

    Sir Wallace Edward Rowling, educator and politician who upon the death of Prime Minister Norman Kirk was elected premier of New Zealand (1974–75). Rowling was a lecturer in economics when he entered politics; he became a member of Parliament (1962) and president of the Labour Party (1970–72). He

  • Rowling, J. K. (British author)

    J.K. Rowling, British author, creator of the popular and critically acclaimed Harry Potter series, about a young sorcerer in training. After graduating from the University of Exeter in 1986, Rowling began working for Amnesty International in London, where she started to write the Harry Potter

  • Rowling, Joanne Kathleen (British author)

    J.K. Rowling, British author, creator of the popular and critically acclaimed Harry Potter series, about a young sorcerer in training. After graduating from the University of Exeter in 1986, Rowling began working for Amnesty International in London, where she started to write the Harry Potter

  • Rowling, Sir Wallace Edward (prime minister of New Zealand)

    Sir Wallace Edward Rowling, educator and politician who upon the death of Prime Minister Norman Kirk was elected premier of New Zealand (1974–75). Rowling was a lecturer in economics when he entered politics; he became a member of Parliament (1962) and president of the Labour Party (1970–72). He

  • Rowntree, B. Seebohm (British sociologist)

    B. Seebohm Rowntree, English sociologist and philanthropist known for his studies of poverty and welfare and for his record as a progressive employer. After attending the Friends’ School at York and studying chemistry at Owens College, Manchester, in 1889 he joined H.I. Rowntree and Company, the

  • Rowntree, Benjamin Seebohm (British sociologist)

    B. Seebohm Rowntree, English sociologist and philanthropist known for his studies of poverty and welfare and for his record as a progressive employer. After attending the Friends’ School at York and studying chemistry at Owens College, Manchester, in 1889 he joined H.I. Rowntree and Company, the

  • ROWP (white supremacist organization)

    Wilmington Ten: …a white supremacist group, The Rights of White People (ROWP), a Ku Klux Klan affiliate, arrived. Heavily armed, the ROWP held Klan-like meetings in a public park, ratcheting up tension. African American protesters marched repeatedly to City Hall, requesting a citywide curfew to stop the gunfire that night riders aimed…

  • Rows, the (building, Chester, England, United Kingdom)

    Chester: …feature of the town is the Rows, a double tier of shops with the lower ones set back and the upper ones projecting over them.

  • Rowse, A. L. (British historian and writer)

    A.L. Rowse, English historian and writer who became one of the 20th century’s foremost authorities on Elizabethan England. The son of a labourer, Rowse was a brilliant student and won a scholarship to Christ Church College, Oxford, in 1922. He studied modern history there, and soon after graduating

  • Rowse, Alfred Leslie (British historian and writer)

    A.L. Rowse, English historian and writer who became one of the 20th century’s foremost authorities on Elizabethan England. The son of a labourer, Rowse was a brilliant student and won a scholarship to Christ Church College, Oxford, in 1922. He studied modern history there, and soon after graduating

  • Rowson, Susanna (American author and actress)

    Susanna Rowson, English-born American actress, educator, and author of the first American best-seller, Charlotte Temple. Susanna Haswell was the daughter of an officer in the Royal Navy. She grew up from 1768 in Massachusetts, where her father was stationed, but the family returned to England in

  • Rowzat-o?-?afā? (work by Mīrkhwānd)

    Mīrkhwānd: …about 1474 his general history, Rowzat o?-?afā? (Eng. trans. begun as History of the Early Kings of Persia, 1832; continued as The Rauzat-us-Safa; or, Garden of Purity, 1891–94). The work is composed of seven large volumes and a geographic appendix, sometimes considered an eighth volume. The history begins with the…

  • Row?eh-e Sultan (Afghanistan)

    Ghaznī: Around the nearby village of Row?eh-e Sultan, on the old road to Kābul (the nation’s capital, 80 miles [130 km] northeast), are the ruins of ancient Ghazna, including two 140-foot (43-metre) towers and the tomb of Ma?mūd of Ghazna (971–1030), the most powerful emir (or sultan) of the Ghaznavid dynasty.

  • Roxana (work by Alabaster)

    William Alabaster: …author of a Latin tragedy, Roxana (1597, published 1632), which the 18th-century critic Samuel Johnson thought was the finest Latin writing in England before John Milton’s elegies.

  • Roxana (wife of Alexander the Great)

    Roxana, wife of Alexander the Great. The daughter of the Bactrian chief Oxyartes, she was captured and married by Alexander in 327, during his conquest of Asia. After Alexander’s death (323) she had his second wife, Stateira (Barsine), killed, and she gave birth at Babylon to a son (Alexander I

  • Roxana (work by Defoe)

    English literature: Defoe: …both Moll Flanders (1722) and Roxana (1724) lure the reader into puzzling relationships with narrators the degree of whose own self-awareness is repeatedly and provocatively placed in doubt.

  • Roxane (wife of Alexander the Great)

    Roxana, wife of Alexander the Great. The daughter of the Bactrian chief Oxyartes, she was captured and married by Alexander in 327, during his conquest of Asia. After Alexander’s death (323) she had his second wife, Stateira (Barsine), killed, and she gave birth at Babylon to a son (Alexander I

  • Roxane (fictional character)

    Roxane, fictional character, the beautiful, much-admired woman in Cyrano de Bergerac (first performed 1897) by Edmond

  • Roxas (Philippines)

    Roxas, city, northern Panay, central Philippines. It lies along the Panay River delta 4 miles (6.5 km) from its mouth on the Sibuyan Sea. The city was formerly called Capiz. Its outport, Port Capiz, accommodates interisland traffic. The northern terminus of the transisland railway from Iloilo City,

  • Roxas y Acuna, Manuel (president of Philippines)

    Manuel Roxas, political leader and first president (1946–48) of the independent Republic of the Philippines. After studying law at the University of the Philippines, near Manila, Roxas began his political career in 1917 as a member of the municipal council of Capiz (renamed Roxas in 1949). He was

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