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  • Rumoi (Japan)

    Rumoi, city, northwestern Hokkaido, Japan. It lies at the mouth of the Rumoi River, facing the Sea of Japan. The city’s natural port was a fishing centre until the disappearance of herring along its coast after World War II, although cod and Alaska pollack continued to be caught on a small scale.

  • rumor

    collective behaviour: Rumour: Rumour abounds under certain circumstances. The U.S. psychologists Gordon W. Allport and Leo Postman offered the generalization that rumour intensity is high when both the interest in an event and its ambiguity are great. The U.S. sociologist Tamotsu Shibutani agreed, contending that…

  • Rumor Has It... (film by Reiner [2005])

    Shirley MacLaine: …patch up their differences, and Rumor Has It, a comedy about the family that was the inspiration for Charles Webb’s novel The Graduate (1963). She later starred in Bernie (2011), a dark comedy based on the true story of a popular funeral director who killed a wealthy widow, and The…

  • Rumor, Mariano (Italian statesman)

    Mariano Rumor, a leader of Italy’s Christian Democrat Party and premier in several governments from 1968 to 1974. After graduation from the University of Padua, Rumor became a teacher. During World War II he served as an officer in the artillery, and in 1943 he joined the partisans to fight against

  • rumour

    collective behaviour: Rumour: Rumour abounds under certain circumstances. The U.S. psychologists Gordon W. Allport and Leo Postman offered the generalization that rumour intensity is high when both the interest in an event and its ambiguity are great. The U.S. sociologist Tamotsu Shibutani agreed, contending that…

  • Rumours (album by Fleetwood Mac)

    Fleetwood Mac: …multimillion-selling Fleetwood Mac (1975) and Rumours. Evocatively reflecting the simultaneous breakups of the McVies’ marriage and Buckingham and Nicks’s relationship, Rumours—which won the Grammy Award for album of the year—epitomized the band’s accomplished songwriting, arresting vocal chemistry, and rock-solid rhythm section.

  • Rump Parliament (English history)

    Rump Parliament, in the period of the English Commonwealth, the phase of the Long Parliament (q.v.) following the expulsion of 121 members unacceptable to the rebel army in

  • Rumpelstiltskin (fairy tale)

    Rumpelstiltskin, German fairy tale collected by the Brothers Grimm for their Grimm’s Fairy Tales (1812–22). Other variations occur in European folklore; in some British versions the title character is named Terrytop, Tom Tit Tot, or Whuppity Stoorie. The title character is a mysterious gnomelike

  • Rumpf, Georg Eberhard (naturalist)

    Georg Eberhard Rumpf, naturalist and author of Herbarium Amboinense (1741–55), an extensive study of the flora of the East Indies. Rumpf was sent to Amboina by the Dutch East India Company in 1653 to study plant life. The six-volume illustrated work that he produced represented a more complete

  • Rumph, Georg Eberhard (naturalist)

    Georg Eberhard Rumpf, naturalist and author of Herbarium Amboinense (1741–55), an extensive study of the flora of the East Indies. Rumpf was sent to Amboina by the Dutch East India Company in 1653 to study plant life. The six-volume illustrated work that he produced represented a more complete

  • Rumphi (town, Malawi)

    Rumphi, town located in northern Malawi on the Rumphi (Chelinda) River at its junction with the South Rukuru River. Except for an extensive coffee crop, local agriculture is at a subsistence level. The headquarters of a Church of Scotland mission is located at Livingstonia, 50 miles (80 km)

  • Rumpi (town, Malawi)

    Rumphi, town located in northern Malawi on the Rumphi (Chelinda) River at its junction with the South Rukuru River. Except for an extensive coffee crop, local agriculture is at a subsistence level. The headquarters of a Church of Scotland mission is located at Livingstonia, 50 miles (80 km)

  • Rumpole, Horace (fictional character)

    Horace Rumpole, fictional character, a barrister featured in many television scripts and novels of John Mortimer. The rumpled, disreputable, and curmudgeonly Rumpole often wins cases despite the disdain of his more aristocratic colleagues. He is fond of cheap wine (“Chateau Thames Embankment”) and

  • Rumsey, James (American engineer and inventor)

    John Fitch: After a battle with James Rumsey over claims to invention, Fitch was granted a U.S. patent for steamboats on August 26, 1791, and a French patent the same year.

  • Rumsfeld v. FAIR (United States law case [2006])

    Rumsfeld v. Forum for Academic and Institutional Rights, legal case in which the U.S. Supreme Court on March 6, 2006, turned back constitutional challenges to the Solomon Amendment, a modification in a federal statute that required the U.S. Department of Defense to deny funding to institutions of

  • Rumsfeld v. Forum for Academic and Institutional Rights (United States law case [2006])

    Rumsfeld v. Forum for Academic and Institutional Rights, legal case in which the U.S. Supreme Court on March 6, 2006, turned back constitutional challenges to the Solomon Amendment, a modification in a federal statute that required the U.S. Department of Defense to deny funding to institutions of

  • Rumsfeld’s Rules: Leadership Lessons in Business, Politics, War, and Life (book by Rumsfeld)

    Donald Rumsfeld: Rumsfeld’s Rules: Leadership Lessons in Business, Politics, War, and Life (2013) comprised guidelines he had written out on note cards during his career, fleshed out with observations from historical figures and personal acquaintances. Rumsfeld was the subject of the Errol Morris documentary The Unknown Known…

  • Rumsfeld, Donald (American government official)

    Donald Rumsfeld, U.S. government official who served as secretary of defense (1975–77; 2001–06) in the Republican administrations of Presidents Gerald Ford and George W. Bush. After graduating from Princeton University (A.B., 1954), Rumsfeld served three years as an aviator in the U.S. Navy. He was

  • Rumūz-e bīkhūdī (poem by Iqbal)

    Sir Muhammad Iqbal: Early life and career: …Persian poem, Rumūz-e bīkhūdī (1918; The Mysteries of Selflessness). Written as a counterpoint to the individualism preached in the Asrār-e khūdī, this poem called for self-surrender.

  • Rumyantsev, Nikolay Petrovich, Graf (Russian statesman)

    Nikolay Petrovich, Count Rumyantsev, Russian statesman and diplomat who was also a bibliophile and a patron of historiography and voyages of exploration. The Rumyantsev Museum in St. Petersburg, founded to house his collection of books, rare manuscripts, and maps, became the heart of the present

  • Rumyantsev, Pyotr Aleksandrovich, Graf Zadunaysky (Russian military officer)

    Pyotr Aleksandrovich Rumyantsev, Count Zadunaysky, Russian army officer who distinguished himself in the Seven Years’ War (1756–63) against Prussia and in the Russo-Turkish War (1768–74). As governor-general of Ukraine (from November 1764), he was responsible for integrating the region more closely

  • run (horses’ gait)

    gallop: …be four beats in an extended gallop, or run—the gait featured in cross-country riding, in polo, in working with cattle, and in track racing.

  • Run (novel by Patchett)

    Ann Patchett: …fiction with her next book, Run (2007), which explores the relationship between an ambitious father and his two sons. Issues of medical ethics and mortality are the focus of State of Wonder (2011), in which a pharmaceutical researcher travels to the Amazon Rainforest to investigate both the death of a…

  • Run All Night (film by Collet-Serra [2015])

    Ed Harris: …(Liam Neeson) in the action-packed Run All Night (2015).

  • Run Fatboy Run (film by Schwimmer [2007])

    David Schwimmer: …directorial debut in 2007 with Run Fatboy Run, a romantic comedy about a man who decides to run a marathon in an attempt to win back his former fiancée. He also directed the drama Trust (2010), about a young woman who is abused by a sexual predator she meets online.

  • Run of the Arrow (film by Fuller [1957])

    Samuel Fuller: Films of the 1950s: Run of the Arrow (1957) exhibited the distinctive Fuller touch of black humour mixed with a deep streak of cynicism. A bitter Confederate soldier (Rod Steiger) joins a Sioux tribe after the American Civil War. Forty Guns (1957) was a western, with Barbara Stanwyck as…

  • run out (sports)

    cricket: Methods of dismissal: …is out by a “run out” if, while the ball is in play, his wicket is broken while he is out of his ground (that is, he does not have at least his bat in the crease). If the batsmen have passed each other, the one running for the…

  • Run River (novel by Didion)

    Joan Didion: …she wrote her first novel, Run River (1963), which examines the disintegration of a California family. While in New York City, she met and married writer John Gregory Dunne, with whom she returned to California in 1964. A collection of magazine columns published as Slouching Towards Bethlehem (1968) established Didion’s…

  • Run Silent, Run Deep (film by Wise [1958])

    Clark Gable: Gone with the Wind, tragedy, and later films: …he played a plantation owner; Run Silent, Run Deep (1958), a tense submarine adventure in which Gable costarred with Burt Lancaster; and the romantic farces Teacher’s Pet (1958), with Doris Day, and It Started in Naples (1960), with Sophia Loren.

  • run-and-jump defense (basketball)

    Dean Smith: …that Smith devised included the run-and-jump defense (a full-court pressure defense that involved players switching defensive assignments on the run) and the foul-line huddle (in which one player would relay instructions from Smith to the other players before a foul shot). Hallmarks of his teams were that players acknowledged a…

  • Run-D.M.C. (American rap group)

    Run-DMC, American rap group that brought hip-hop into the musical and cultural mainstream, introducing what became known as “new-school” rap. The members were Run (original name Joseph Simmons; b. November 14, 1964, New York, New York, U.S.), DMC (also spelled D.M.C.; original name Darryl

  • Run-DMC (American rap group)

    Run-DMC, American rap group that brought hip-hop into the musical and cultural mainstream, introducing what became known as “new-school” rap. The members were Run (original name Joseph Simmons; b. November 14, 1964, New York, New York, U.S.), DMC (also spelled D.M.C.; original name Darryl

  • run-length code (computer science)

    data compression: Run-length encoding (RLE) is good for repetitive data, replacing it by a count and one copy of a repeated item. Adaptive dictionary methods build a table of strings and then replace occurrences of them by shorter codes. The Lempel-Ziv algorithm, invented by Israeli computer scientists…

  • run-length encoding (computer science)

    data compression: Run-length encoding (RLE) is good for repetitive data, replacing it by a count and one copy of a repeated item. Adaptive dictionary methods build a table of strings and then replace occurrences of them by shorter codes. The Lempel-Ziv algorithm, invented by Israeli computer scientists…

  • run-of-mine coal

    coal mining: Coal preparation: Therefore, run-of-mine (ROM) coal—the coal that comes directly from a mine—has impurities associated with it. The buyer, on the other hand, may demand certain specifications depending on the intended use of the coal, whether for utility combustion, carbonization, liquefaction, or gasification. In very simple terms, the…

  • run-on (poetry)

    Enjambment, in prosody, the continuation of the sense of a phrase beyond the end of a line of verse. T.S. Eliot used enjambment in the opening lines of his poem The Waste Land: Compare end

  • Runa (people)

    Quechua, South American Indians living in the Andean highlands from Ecuador to Bolivia. They speak many regional varieties of Quechua, which was the language of the Inca empire (though it predates the Inca) and which later became the lingua franca of the Spanish and Indians throughout the Andes.

  • runabout (boat)

    motorboat: Types.: The outboard runabout, or motor launch, is a fairly small open boat with seats running laterally across the width of the craft and occasionally with decking over the bow area. Inboard runabouts are usually a bit larger and are either open or have a removable shelter top.…

  • runabout (carriage)

    Bike wagon, a lightweight, one-horse, open carriage, having four wheels, almost invariably with pneumatic or solid rubber tires of the same type used on bicycles, and axles with ball bearings. It was designed in the 1890s, one of the last horse-drawn vehicles manufactured, and it included such

  • Runahi (work by Badr Khānī Jāladat)

    Badr Khānī Jāladat: …with his later illustrated publication Runahi (“Light”), promoted understanding among the diverse and often conflicting elements of the Kurdish nationalist movement and contributed to the growth of a Kurdish popular literature.

  • Runaround (work by Asimov)

    robot: Isaac Asimov’s science-fiction story Runaround (1942). Along with Asimov’s later robot stories, it set a new standard of plausibility about the likely difficulty of developing intelligent robots and the technical and social problems that might result. Runaround also contained Asimov’s famous Three Laws of Robotics:

  • Runaway (song by Shannon and Crook)

    Del Shannon: …released his first single, “Runaway,” in 1961. Punctuated by his trademark falsetto cries, this ode to lost love (a common theme in Shannon’s songs) topped the charts. A series of hits quickly followed: “Hats Off to Larry,” “So Long Baby,” “Hey! Little Girl” (all 1961), “Little Town Flirt” (1963),…

  • Runaway (work by Munro)

    Alice Munro: In Runaway (2004) Munro explores the depths of ordinary lives through the use of temporal shifts and realistically rendered reminiscences; it also was awarded the Giller Prize. The View from Castle Rock (2007) combines history, family memoir, and fiction into narratives of questionable inquiries and obscure…

  • Runaway Bride (film by Marshall [1999])

    Richard Gere: …Roberts in the lighthearted comedy Runaway Bride.

  • Runaway Horses (novel by Mishima)

    The Sea of Fertility: …yuki (Spring Snow), Homma (Runaway Horses), Akatsuki no tera (The Temple of Dawn), and Tennin gosui (The Decay of the Angel)—is set in Japan, and together they cover the period from roughly 1912 to the 1960s. Each of them depicts a different reincarnation of the same being: as a…

  • runaway hypothesis (biology)

    instinct: Instinct as behaviour: …theory, sometimes called the “runaway hypothesis,” is that perceptual preferences of the choosers, for certain characteristics unrelated to genetic quality in prospective mates, can drive the evolutionary exaggeration of those characteristics to greater and greater extremes. For example, the existence of supernormal stimulation supports the idea that displays of…

  • Runaway Jury (film by Fleder [2003])

    John Grisham: 1997), The Runaway Jury (1996; film 2003), and The Testament (1999).

  • Runaway Jury, The (novel by Grisham)

    John Grisham: Rainmaker (1995; film 1997), The Runaway Jury (1996; film 2003), and The Testament (1999).

  • Runaway Mine Ride (roller coaster)

    Ron Toomer: …thrillers as the tubular track Runaway Mine Ride (1966), the inverted helix-shaped Corkscrew (1975), and the first suspended coasters of the 1980s.

  • runaway selection hypothesis (biology)

    Runaway selection hypothesis, in biology, an explanation first proposed by English statistician R.A. Fisher in the 1930s to account for the rapid evolution of specific physical traits in male animals of certain species. Some traits—such as prominent plumage, elaborate courtship behaviours, or

  • Runaway Train (film by Konchalovsky [1985])

    Jon Voight: …escaped convict in the thriller Runaway Train (1985).

  • Runcie, Robert (archbishop of Canterbury)

    Robert Runcie, archbishop of Canterbury and titular head of the Anglican Communion from 1980 to 1991. Runcie attended a Scottish local council school and Merchant Taylors’ School in Crosby before entering Brasenose College, Oxford. His education was interrupted after one year by the outbreak of

  • Runciman, Sir Steven (British historian)

    Sir Steven Runciman, (James Cochran Stevenson Runciman), British historian (born July 7, 1903, Northumberland, Eng.—died Nov. 1, 2000, Radway, Eng.), was a leading expert on the history of the Byzantine Empire and the Crusades. His three-volume work, A History of the Crusades, was published in 1

  • Runciman, Walter, 1st Viscount Runciman of Doxford (British statesman)

    Czechoslovak history: The crisis of German nationalism: …to the mission of Lord Runciman, whose avowed purpose was to observe and report on conditions within the country.

  • Runco, Mark (American psychologist)

    creativity: Phase models of creativity: The American psychologist Mark Runco holds that the creative process consists of six essential stages, or phases. In the first stage, “orientation” (a time of intense interest and curiosity), the creative individual gathers information. The second stage, “incubation,” consists of defining the problem and seeking a solution and…

  • Runcorn (England, United Kingdom)

    Runcorn, town, Halton unitary authority, historic county of Cheshire, northwestern England. It lies on the southern shore of the River Mersey 15 miles (24 km) upstream from the port of Liverpool. The main industry is the production of chemicals. Railway and road bridges connect the town with Widnes

  • Runcorn, Stanley Keith (British geophysicist)

    Stanley Keith Runcorn, British geophysicist whose pioneering studies of paleomagnetism provided early evidence in support of the theory of continental drift. Runcorn was educated at the University of Cambridge (B.A., 1944; M.A., 1948) and the University of Manchester (Ph.D., 1949). He was assistant

  • Runda (ancient religion)

    Anatolian religion: The pantheon: …the texts by the logogram KAL, to be read Kurunda or Tuwata, later Ruwata, Runda. The war god also appears, though his Hittite name is concealed behind the logogram ZABABA, the name of the Mesopotamian war god. His Hattian name was Wurunkatti, his Hurrian counterpart Hesui. His Hattian name meant…

  • Rundgren, Todd (American musician)

    the New York Dolls: …New York Dolls, produced by Todd Rundgren. Their 1974 follow-up, the aptly named Too Much Too Soon, gave title to the band’s dissolution as its members struggled with drug and alcohol addictions. Notwithstanding their lack of commercial success, the irreverent Dolls had a lasting influence on a generation of bands—most…

  • Rundi (people)

    Rundi, the peoples of the Republic of Burundi, who speak Rundi, an Interlacustrine Bantu language. The Rundi are divided into two main ethnic groups: the Hutu, the majority of whom have traditionally been farmers; and the Tutsi, the majority of whom have traditionally been cattle-owning

  • Rundi (language)

    Rundi: Regional variations of the Rundi language (also called Kirundi) include Hutu, Tutsi, and Twa, although all are mutually intelligible. Rwanda (also Kinyarwanda), which is spoken in Rwanda, is also understandable to speakers of Rundi. Hundreds of thousands of speakers of Rundi reside in Uganda, Tanzania, and Rwanda, mostly as refugee…

  • Rundstedt, Gerd von (German field marshal)

    Gerd von Rundstedt, German field marshal who was one of Adolf Hitler’s ablest leaders during World War II. He held commands on both the Eastern and Western fronts, played a major role in defeating France in 1940, and led much of the opposition to the Allied offensive in the West in 1944–45. An

  • Rundstedt, Karl Rudolf Gerd von (German field marshal)

    Gerd von Rundstedt, German field marshal who was one of Adolf Hitler’s ablest leaders during World War II. He held commands on both the Eastern and Western fronts, played a major role in defeating France in 1940, and led much of the opposition to the Allied offensive in the West in 1944–45. An

  • Rundu (Namibia)

    Rundu, town, extreme northeastern Namibia. It lies on the south bank of the Okavango River, which forms the border between Angola and Namibia. Rundu is the main settlement in the Kavango region, which comprises northeastern Namibia and is named for the local Kavango people. Rundu is a local service

  • rune (writing character)

    Rune, Any of the characters within an early Germanic writing system. The runic alphabet, also called futhark, is attested in northern Europe, Britain, Scandinavia, and Iceland from about the 3rd century to the 16th or 17th century ad. The Goths may have developed it from the Etruscan alphabet of

  • Runeberg, Johan Ludvig (Finnish-Swedish poet)

    Johan Ludvig Runeberg, Finno-Swedish poet who is generally considered to be the national poet of Finland. His works, which express the patriotic spirit of his countrymen, were written in Swedish and exercised great influence on Swedish literature as well. While a student at ?bo (Turku) University,

  • Runge, Carl D. T. (German physicist)

    Heinrich Kayser: Runge, Kayser carefully mapped the spectra of a large number of elements and discovered the existence of series, or closely grouped spectral lines, the spacing and intensity of which vary in a regular manner. In 1883 they developed a mathematical formula that showed the relationship…

  • Runge, Friedlieb Ferdinand (German chemist)

    Friedlieb Ferdinand Runge, German chemist considered to be the originator of the widely used analytic technique of paper chromatography. Runge earned a medical degree from the University of Jena in 1819 and a doctorate in chemistry from the University of Berlin in 1822. He was a professor at the

  • Runge, Philipp Otto (German artist)

    Philipp Otto Runge, German Romantic painter, draftsman, and art theorist known for his expressive portraits and symbolic landscapes and for his groundbreaking colour theory, expounded in Farben-Kugel (1810; Colour Sphere). Runge had no formal art training until he began taking private drawing

  • Rüngeling Brothers (American circus proprietors)

    Ringling Brothers, family of American circus proprietors who created the Ringling Brothers circus empire in the late 19th century. The members active in founding and running the family’s circus enterprises were all brothers: Albert C. (1852–1916), Otto (1858–1911), Alfred T. (1861–1919), Charles

  • Rungsteds lyksalighder (work by Ewald)

    Johannes Ewald: …his first mature works: “Rungsteds lyksaligheder” (1775; “The Joys of Rungsted”), a lyric poem in the elevated new style of the ode; Balders d?d (1775; The Death of Balder), a lyric drama on a subject from Saxo and Old Norse mythology; and the first chapters of his memoirs, Levnet…

  • Rungu (people)

    Tabwa, a people who live mainly on the southwestern shores of Lake Tanganyika, on the high grassy plateaus of the Marungu massif in extreme southeastern Congo (Kinshasa). Some also live in northeasternmost Zambia and along the Luapula River. Tabwa speak a Bantu language closely related to those o

  • Rungwecebus kipunji (primate)

    Kipunji, (Rungwecebus kipunji), arboreal species of monkeys that occur in two populations in the Eastern Arc forests of Tanzania: one in the Ndundulu forest in the Udzungwa Mountains, the other in the Rungwe-Livingstone forest of the Southern Highlands. It is light brown in colour with white on the

  • runic alphabet (writing system)

    Runic alphabet, writing system of uncertain origin used by Germanic peoples of northern Europe, Britain, Scandinavia, and Iceland from about the 3rd century to the 16th or 17th century ad. Runic writing appeared rather late in the history of writing and is clearly derived from one of the alphabets

  • Runic Poem (English poem)

    Germanic religion and mythology: Freyr: The Old English Runic Poem indicates that the god Ing was seen first among the eastern Danes; he departed eastward over a wave and his chariot went after him. It is remarkable how the chariot persists in the cult of the Vanir, Nerthus, Ing, and Freyr. A comparatively…

  • Runius, Johan (Swedish author)

    Swedish literature: The 17th century: Simpler in style was Johan Runius, who expressed a Christian stoicism of the kind found among Swedes during the disastrous early decades of the 18th century. Jacob Frese was a gentler and more intimate poet; his lyrics and hymns contain some of the emotional pietism that became a feature…

  • Runjit Singh (Sikh maharaja)

    Ranjit Singh, founder and maharaja (1801–39) of the Sikh kingdom of the Punjab. Ranjit Singh was the first Indian in a millennium to turn the tide of invasion back into the homelands of the traditional conquerors of India, the Pashtuns (Afghans), and he thus became known as the Lion of the Punjab.

  • runner (turbine part)

    turbine: Impulse turbines: …on the periphery of the runner to extract the water energy and convert it to useful work.

  • runner (plant)

    plant reproductive system: Reproduction by special asexual structures: …belong such flowering-plant structures as stolons, rhizomes, tubers, corms, and bulbs, as well as the tubers of liverworts, ferns, and horsetails, the dormant buds of certain moss stages, and the leaves of many succulents.

  • runner (fish)

    Runner, any of certain species of fishes in the family Carangidae (order Perciformes), which also includes the jacks, amberjacks, and pompanos. The blue runner (Caranx crysos) is a shiny, greenish or bluish fish of the Atlantic. Like others in the family, blue runners have deeply forked tails.

  • runner bean (vegetable)

    bean: The scarlet runner bean (P. coccineus) is native to tropical America. Naturally a perennial, it is grown to a small extent in temperate climates as an annual. It is a vigorous climbing plant with showy racemes of scarlet flowers, large, coarse pods, and large, coloured seeds.…

  • running (athletics)

    Running, footracing over a variety of distances and courses and numbering among the most popular sports in nearly all times and places. Modern competitive running ranges from sprints (dashes), with their emphasis on continuous high speed, to grueling long-distance and marathon races, requiring

  • running (locomotion)

    dog: Skeletal structure: Dogs are running animals, with the exception of those bred specifically for different purposes. For instance, the bulldog, with its large head and short, “bowed” legs, cannot be called a creature born to chase game. Most dogs, however, are well equipped to run or lope over long…

  • running box (plant)

    Partridgeberry, (Mitchella repens), North American plant of the madder family (Rubiaceae), growing in dry woods from southwestern Newfoundland to Minnesota and southward to Florida and Texas. It is evergreen, with nearly round, 18-millimetre (0.7-inch) leaves, often variegated with white lines; a

  • Running Brave (film by Everett and Shebib)

    Billy Mills: The film Running Brave (1984) was based on his Olympic victory.

  • running down clause

    insurance: RDC clause: The RDC, or “running down” clause, provides coverage for legal liability of either the shipper or the common carrier for claims arising out of collisions. (Collision loss to the vessel itself is part of the hull coverage.) The RDC clause covers negligence of…

  • Running Fence (work by Christo)

    Western painting: Land art: …the American landscape in their Running Fence (1972–76), for which they ran 18-foot- (5.5-metre-) high sections of white fabric along metal runners for a distance of more than 24 miles (39 km) in northern California. Possibly the most “sublime” work of land art, however, was Walter De Maria’s Lightning Field…

  • running light (device)

    navigation: Other aids to navigation: …under way at night displayed running lights by which sailors on nearby vessels could judge its course and speed. The traditional coloured lights, red to port (left) and green to starboard (right), were augmented on steamships with a white light at the head of the foremast. In foggy weather, gongs,…

  • Running Man, The (film by Glaser [1987])

    Stephen King: …1983); The Running Man (1982; film 1987); Christine (1983; film 1983); Thinner (1984; film 1996); It (1986; TV miniseries 1990; film 2017 and 2019); Misery (1987; film 1990); The Tommyknockers (1987; TV miniseries 1993); The Dark Half (1989; film

  • Running Man, The (novel by King)

    Stephen King: Cujo (1981; film 1983); The Running Man (1982; film 1987); Christine (1983; film 1983); Thinner (1984; film 1996); It (1986; TV miniseries 1990; film 2017 and 2019); Misery (1987; film 1990); The Tommyknockers (1987; TV miniseries 1993); The

  • running of the bulls (event)

    Pamplona: …each morning by the famous encierro—“enclosing”—or, more commonly, “running” of the bulls, when they are driven through the streets behind crowds of skillfully dodging men and boys.

  • Running out of Breath (dance by Johnson)

    dance: Postmodernism: In Tom Johnson’s Running Out of Breath (1976) the dancer simply ran around the stage reciting a text until he ran out of breath.

  • Running Out of Time (film by Uribe [1994])

    Javier Bardem: …addict in Días contados (1994; Running Out of Time). In Boca a boca (1995; Mouth to Mouth) he garnered laughs and another Goya Award as an aspiring actor who falls in love with a customer while working for a telephone-sex company. Bardem later appeared as a wheelchair-bound policeman in Pedro…

  • running pine (plant)

    club moss: Major genera and species: …club moss, also known as running pine or stag’s horn moss (Lycopodium clavatum), has creeping stems to 3 metres (about 10 feet) long and has 10-centimetre- (about 4-inch-) high ascending branches. The scalelike green leaves are set closely together. Running pine is native to open, dry woods and rocky places…

  • running rage (pathology)

    Gonorrhea, sexually transmitted disease characterized principally by inflammation of the mucous membranes of the genital tract and urethra. It is caused by the gonococcus, Neisseria gonorrhoeae—a bacterium with a predilection for the type of mucous membranes found in the genitourinary tract and

  • running rigging (ship parts)

    rigging: …sail are known as the running rigging. The running rigging is subdivided into the lifts, jeers, and halyards (haulyards), by which the sails are raised and lowered, and the tacks and sheets, which hold down the lower corners of the sails. The history of the development of rigging over the…

  • running script (Chinese calligraphy)

    Xingshu, (Chinese: “running script”) a semicursive Chinese script that developed out of the Han dynasty lishu script at the same time that the standard kaishu script was evolving (1st–3rd century ad). The characters of xingshu are not abbreviated or connected, but strokes within the characters are

  • running serviceberry (plant)

    serviceberry: Common species: Running serviceberry (A. spicata) is a spreading shrub about 1 metre (3.3 feet) tall that is useful in semiwild plantings and for stabilizing soil, especially on embankments. Given that the wild types of Amelanchier appear to hybridize freely, the taxonomy of the genus is somewhat…

  • running walk (horses’ gait)

    Tennessee walking horse: The running walk is a natural gait that may be improved but not acquired by a horse without the natural ability. The gait is faster than a flat-footed walk, with a speed of 10 to 13 km (6 to 8 miles) per hour. The front foot…

  • running-dog pattern (architectural motif)

    Running-dog pattern, in classical architecture, decorative motif consisting of a repeated stylized convoluted form, something like the profile of a breaking wave. This pattern, which may be raised above, incised into, or painted upon a surface, frequently appears on a frieze, the middle element of

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