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  • Regular Division of the Plane (work by Escher)

    M.C. Escher: His series Regular Division of the Plane (begun in 1936) is a collection of his tessellated drawings, many of which feature animals. He also explored mezzotint, a demanding and precise technique involving metal engraving, with which he produced some of his famous works in black and white,…

  • regular flower (plant anatomy)

    flower: Form and types: …it is termed regular or actinomorphic. A bilaterally symmetrical flower, as in orchids (see photograph) and snapdragons, is irregular or zygomorphic.

  • regular graph

    combinatorics: Characterization problems of graph theory: …G is said to be regular of degree n1 if each vertex is adjacent to exactly n1 other vertices. A regular graph of degree n1 with υ vertices is said to be strongly regular with parameters (υ, n1, p111, p112) if any two adjacent vertices are both adjacent to exactly…

  • regular medical insurance

    insurance: Types of policies: Regular medical insurance contracts indemnify the insured for expenses such as physicians’ home or office visits, medicines, and other medical expenses. Major medical contracts are distinguished from other health insurance policies by offering coverage without many specific limitations; usually there is only a maximum per…

  • regular number (arithmetic)

    mathematics: The numeral system and arithmetic operations: Regular numbers are those whose prime factors divide the base; the reciprocals of such numbers thus have only a finite number of places (by contrast, the reciprocals of nonregular numbers produce an infinitely repeating numeral). In base 10, for example, only numbers with factors of…

  • regular polygon (mathematics)

    Euclidean geometry: Regular polygons: A polygon is called regular if it has equal sides and angles. Thus, a regular triangle is an equilateral triangle, and a regular quadrilateral is a square. A general problem since antiquity has been the problem of constructing a regular n-gon, for different…

  • regular polyhedron (mathematics)

    Platonic solid, any of the five geometric solids whose faces are all identical, regular polygons meeting at the same three-dimensional angles. Also known as the five regular polyhedra, they consist of the tetrahedron (or pyramid), cube, octahedron, dodecahedron, and icosahedron. Pythagoras (c.

  • regular script (Chinese script)

    Kaishu, (Chinese: “regular script”) in Chinese calligraphy, a stylization of chancery script developed during the period of the Three Kingdoms and Western Jin (220–316/317) that simplified the lishu script into a more fluent and easily written form. Characterized by clear-cut corners and straight

  • regular solution (chemistry)

    liquid: Regular solutions: The word regular implies that the molecules mix in a completely random manner, which means that there is no segregation or preference; a given molecule chooses its neighbours with no regard for chemical identity (species 1 or 2). In a regular solution of…

  • regularity, axiom of (set theory)

    history of logic: Zermelo-Fraenkel set theory (ZF): …ZF by adding a “foundation axiom,” which explicitly prohibited sets that contain themselves as members. In the 1920s and ’30s, von Neumann, the Swiss mathematician Paul Isaak Bernays, and the Austrian-born logician Kurt G?del (1906–78) provided additional technical modifications, resulting in what is now known as von Neumann-Bernays-G?del set

  • regularization (mathematics)

    celestial mechanics: Numerical solutions: In this process, called regularization, the encounter is traversed in less computer time while preserving reasonable accuracy. This process is impractical when n is large, so accelerations are usually artificially bounded on close approaches to prevent instabilities in the numerical calculation and to prevent slowing the calculation. For example,…

  • regulated company (economics)

    chartered company: Such early companies were regulated companies, deriving the principles of their organization from the medieval merchant guilds. The regulated company was a corporation of merchants, each of whom traded on his own account but was subjected to a rigid set of common rules that regulated his operations within narrow…

  • regulated poetry (Chinese poetic form)

    Lüshi, a form of Chinese poetry that flourished in the Tang dynasty (618–907). It consists of eight lines of five or seven syllables, each line set down in accordance with strict tonal patterns. Exposition (qi) was called for in the first two lines; the development of the theme (cheng), in parallel

  • regulated verse (Chinese poetic form)

    Lüshi, a form of Chinese poetry that flourished in the Tang dynasty (618–907). It consists of eight lines of five or seven syllables, each line set down in accordance with strict tonal patterns. Exposition (qi) was called for in the first two lines; the development of the theme (cheng), in parallel

  • Regulating Act (Great Britain [1773])

    Regulating Act, (1773), legislation passed by the British Parliament for the regulation of the British East India Company’s Indian territories, mainly in Bengal. It was the first intervention by the British government in the company’s territorial affairs and marked the beginning of a takeover

  • regulating rod (nuclear physics)

    nuclear reactor: Reactor control elements: Regulating rods are deliberately designed to affect reactivity only by a small degree. It is assumed that at some time the rods might be totally withdrawn by mistake, and the idea is to keep the added reactivity in such cases well within sensible limits. A…

  • regulation (government)

    Regulation, in government, a rule or mechanism that limits, steers, or otherwise controls social behaviour. Regulation has a variety of meanings that are not reducible to a single concept. In the field of public policy, regulation refers to the promulgation of targeted rules, typically accompanied

  • Regulation of Antarctic Mineral Resource Activities, Convention on the (New Zealand [1988])

    Antarctica: Post-IGY research: …New Zealand of a new Convention on the Regulation of Antarctic Mineral Resource Activities (CRAMRA), also known as the Wellington Convention, by the representatives of 33 nations. The consultative parties designed CRAMRA to manage the exploitation and development of Antarctica’s nonrenewable resources, a subject not covered under the original 1959…

  • regulation theory (political science and economics)

    governance: Regulation theory: Just as sociological institutionalism sometimes draws on systems theory, so historical institutionalism sometimes draws on Marxist state theory. The main approach to governance derived from Marxism is, however, regulation theory. Karl Marx argued that capitalism is unstable because it leads to capital

  • Regulations for the Order and Discipline of the Troops of the United States (work by Steuben)

    Baron von Steuben: That winter he wrote Regulations for the Order and Discipline of the Troops of the United States, which soon became the “blue book” for the entire army and served as the country’s official military guide until 1812. On Washington’s recommendation, in May 1778, Steuben was appointed inspector general of…

  • regulator gene (biology)

    blood group: Blood groups and genetic linkage: …genes are themselves controlled by regulator genes. The operator genes are responsible for the quantity of Rh antigens, while the structural genes are responsible for their qualitative characteristics.

  • Regulators of North Carolina (United States history)

    Regulators of North Carolina, (1764–71), in American colonial history, vigilance society dedicated to fighting exorbitant legal fees and the corruption of appointed officials in the frontier counties of North Carolina. Deep-seated economic and social differences had produced a distinct east-west

  • regulatory agency

    Regulatory agency, independent governmental body established by legislative act in order to set standards in a specific field of activity, or operations, in the private sector of the economy and then to enforce those standards. Regulatory agencies function outside direct executive supervision.

  • regulatory sign

    roads and highways: Traffic control: They are classified as regulatory signs, which provide notice of traffic laws and regulations (e.g., signs for speed limits and for stop, yield or give-way, and no entry); warning signs, which call attention to hazardous conditions (e.g., sharp curves, steep grades, low vertical clearances, and slippery surfaces); and guide…

  • regulatory site (biochemistry)

    metabolism: Fine control: Interactions at other, so-called regulatory sites on the enzyme, however, do not result in a chemical reaction but cause changes in the shape of the protein; the changes profoundly affect the catalytic properties of the enzyme, either inhibiting or stimulating the rate of the reaction. Modulation of the activity…

  • regulatory state (economics)

    Regulatory state, a state pursuing an economic policy privileging the regulation of market exchanges over direct intervention. The notion of the regulatory state suggests that the role of the state in both the economy and society is shifting from positive intervention to arm’s-length regulation and

  • regulatory T cell (cytology)

    lymphocyte: Types and functions of lymphocytes: Regulatory T cells act to control immune reactions, hence their name. Cytotoxic T cells, which are activated by various cytokines, bind to and kill infected cells and cancer cells.

  • Regule lingue Florentine (work by Alberti)

    humanism: Leon Battista Alberti: …handbook and grammatical treatise, the Regule lingue Florentine (1495; “Rules of the Florentine Language”), which bespeaks his strong influence on the rise of literary expression in the vernacular. He contributed an important text on cartography and was instrumental in the development of ciphers. A prominent architect (e.g., the Tempio Malatestiano…

  • Regulidae (bird family)

    passeriform: Annotated classification: Family Regulidae (kinglets) Tiny, active songbirds with short slender bills and drab olive plumage except for colourful crest feathers that are inconspicuous unless displayed. Often members of mixed flocks in coniferous forests. DNA studies reveal they are not closely related to leaf warblers (Phylloscopus), as once…

  • Regulus (bird)

    Kinglet, (genus Regulus), any of six species of small songbirds of the family Regulidae. Although among the smallest of songbirds (weighing less than 10 grams [0.4 ounce]), they are able to survive cold climates and remain exceedingly active by flitting constantly about and flicking their wings

  • Regulus (missile)

    rocket and missile system: Matador and other programs: The Regulus, which was closely akin to the Matador (having the same engine and roughly the same configuration), became operational in 1955 as a subsonic missile launched from both submarines and surface vessels, carrying a 3.8-megaton warhead. Decommissioned in 1959, the Regulus did not represent much…

  • Regulus (star)

    Regulus, brightest star in the zodiacal constellation Leo and one of the brightest in the entire sky, having an apparent visual magnitude of about 1.35. It is 77 light-years from Earth. The name Regulus, derived from a Latin word for king, reflects an ancient belief in the astrological importance

  • Regulus calendula (bird)

    kinglet: In the ruby-crowned kinglet (R. calendula) of North America, the crown mark is a mere tick of red, appearing on the male only and usually concealed.

  • Regulus goodfellowi (bird)

    kinglet: …eyeline, and the flamecrest, or yellow-rumped kinglet (R. goodfellowi), of Taiwan is sometimes considered a subspecies of the firecrest. In the ruby-crowned kinglet (R. calendula) of North America, the crown mark is a mere tick of red, appearing on the male only and usually concealed.

  • Regulus ignicapillus (bird)

    Firecrest, European species of kinglet

  • Regulus II (missile)

    rocket and missile system: Matador and other programs: A follow-on design, Regulus II, was pursued briefly, striving for supersonic speed. However, the navy’s preference for the new large, angle-deck nuclear aircraft carriers and for ballistic missile submarines relegated sea-launched cruise missiles to relative obscurity. Another project, the Triton, was similarly bypassed due to design difficulties and…

  • Regulus regulus (bird)

    Goldcrest, European species of kinglet

  • Regulus satrapa (bird)

    kinglet: The golden-crowned kinglet (Regulus satrapa) of North America is often considered the same species as the goldcrest (R. regulus) of Eurasia; both have the crown patch—red in males, yellow in females—strikingly bordered with black. The firecrest (R. ignicapillus) of Europe resembles the goldcrest but has a…

  • Regulus, Marcus Atilius (Roman general)

    Marcus Atilius Regulus, Roman general and statesman whose career, greatly embellished by legend, was seen by the Romans as a model of heroic endurance. Regulus served as consul in 267 and 256. In the latter year (during the First Punic War, 264–241) he and his colleague Lucius Manlius Vulso

  • regur (soil)

    India: Soils: …black soils known locally as regur. After those the alluvial soil is the third most-common type. Also significant are the desert soils of Rajasthan, the saline soils in Gujarat, southern Rajasthan, and some coastal areas, and the mountain soils of the Himalayas. The type of soil is determined by numerous…

  • regurgitation (biology)

    owl: Ecology: …feathers, fur, and bones, are regurgitated in the form of a compact pellet.

  • Rehab (recording by Winehouse)

    Amy Winehouse: …recording) for the infectious “Rehab,” with its sultry “no, no, no” refusal to enter drug and alcohol treatment. In November 2008 she was named Best Selling Pop/Rock Female at the World Music Awards. However, her life seemed to continue to spin out of control. Although she had entered rehab,…

  • rehabilitation (penology)

    crime: Crime and social policy: …the United States, for example, rehabilitation programs were largely abandoned because of the widely held view that they did not reduce future criminal activity, and the death penalty was reinstated because of the pervasive sentiment that it did. By the beginning of the 21st century, however, support for capital punishment…

  • Rehabilitation Act (United States [1973])

    School Board of Nassau County v. Arline: …under Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, which provided:

  • rehabilitation medicine

    Physical medicine and rehabilitation, medical specialty concerned with the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of physical impairments, particularly those associated with disorders of the muscles, nerves, bones, or brain. This specialized medical service is generally aimed at rehabilitating

  • rehabilitation psychology

    Rehabilitation psychology, field in which knowledge from psychology is applied to the treatment and care of persons with disabilities, with the goal of improving quality of life and mental and social function. Experts in the field, known as rehabilitation psychologists, help patients achieve those

  • rehabilitation robot

    Rehabilitation robot, any automatically operated machine that is designed to improve movement in persons with impaired physical functioning. There are two main types of rehabilitation robots. The first type is an assistive robot that substitutes for lost limb movements. An example is the Manus ARM

  • rehabilitation, medical and vocational

    Rehabilitation, medical and vocational, use of medical and vocational techniques to enable a sick or handicapped person to live as full a life as his or her remaining abilities and degree of health will allow. The emphasis is first on the medical aspects, later on physical therapy and occupational

  • rehabilitator

    rehabilitation robot: …of rehabilitation robot is a therapy robot, which is sometimes called a rehabilitator. Research in neuroscience has shown that the brain and spinal cord retain a remarkable ability to adapt, even after injury, through the use of practiced movements. Therapy robots are machines or tools for rehabilitation therapists that allow…

  • Rehan, Ada (American actress)

    Ada Rehan, American actress of the late 19th century, one of the finest of her day, whose great popularity grew from performances of Shakespeare and adaptations of European comedies. Ada Crehan grew up in Brooklyn, New York, where her family settled shortly after the Civil War. She followed her

  • Rehberg, August Wilhelm (German political theorist)

    Karl, Reichsfreiherr vom und zum Stein: Influence of August Rehberg.: August Wilhelm Rehberg, whom he met in G?ttingen, became a close friend and exercised a greater influence on Stein than did any of his academic teachers. Rehberg was a political thinker who advocated a liberal–conservative policy to preserve the old where it had proved itself…

  • Rehe (China)

    Chengde, city in northern Hebei sheng (province), China. The city is situated in the mountains separating the North China Plain from the plateaus of Inner Mongolia, approximately 110 miles (180 km) northeast of Beijing, on the Re River (Re He; “Hot River”), a small tributary of the Luan River. The

  • rehearsal (psychology)

    attention: Memory and habituation: …process in many circumstances is rehearsal. In this sense rehearsal means the mental repetition of incoming information. One consequence of rehearsal is that input items spend an extended period of time in the short-term memory store. It is also generally the case that what is attended to and rehearsed eventually…

  • rehearsal (performing arts)

    directing: The rehearsal process: The director’s efforts are naturally affected by the length of time given to rehearsals. These vary according to economic pressures, national customs, and union rules. In some countries, notably the United States, the actors’ union has used its powers to escalate salaries and…

  • Rehearsal Transpros’d, The (work by Marvell)

    English literature: Literary reactions to the political climate: …(later bishop of Oxford) in The Rehearsal Transprosed (1672, with a sequel in 1673) and providing so vivid an exposition of Whig suspicions of the restored monarchy’s attraction to absolutism in An Account of the Growth of Popery, and Arbitrary Government in England (1677) that a reward of £100 was…

  • Rehearsal, The (play by Villiers)

    heroic play: …satirized the heroic play in The Rehearsal (first performed 1671), its particular target being Dryden. Although Dryden continued to use the form through the mid-1670s, the heroic play had largely died out as a genre by the end of the decade. The term heroic play has also been applied to…

  • reheat (mechanical engineering)

    Afterburner, second combustion chamber in a turbojet (q.v.) or turbofan engine, immediately in front of the engine’s exhaust nozzle. The injection and combustion of extra fuel in this chamber provide additional thrust for takeoff or supersonic flight. In most cases the afterburner can nearly

  • reheat turbine (device)

    gas-turbine engine: Intercooling, reheating, and regeneration: …(2) increasing turbine output by reheating after partial expansion, or (3) decreasing fuel consumption by regeneration.

  • Rehman Dheri (archaeological site, India)

    India: Principal sites: An even earlier example is Rehman Dheri, near Dera Ismail Khan, which appears to have achieved its walled status during the last centuries of the 4th millennium. There the roughly rectangular, grid-patterned settlement was surrounded by a massive wall of mud brick. Early Harappan Kalibangan (Kali Banga) in Rajasthan resembled…

  • Rehman, Indrani (American dancer)

    Indrani, (Indrani Rahman [or Rehman]), Indian-born dancer who performed and taught a number of the classical dances of India; she was the first professional to perform the ancient odissi,a dance that began in the temples, and she introduced this and other long-neglected dances to an international

  • Rehman, Shabana (Norwegian performer)

    Shabana Rehman, Pakistani-born Norwegian performer and comedian who courted controversy with her satirical reflections on Islam and the cultural divide that set apart Norway’s Muslim community. Shortly after she was born, Rehman’s family relocated to Oslo. She was raised in Holmlia, a multicultural

  • Rehman, Waheeda (Indian actress)

    Guru Dutt: …launched the career of actress Waheeda Rehman. She achieved a cult following through her performances opposite Dutt in both Pyassa and Kaagaz ke phool. As a director, Dutt is known for his imaginative use of light and shade, his evocative imagery, and a striking ability to weave multiple thematic layers…

  • Rehn, Ludwig (German surgeon)

    history of medicine: Heart surgery: …sutured (first done successfully by Ludwig Rehn of Frankfurt am Main, in 1896); the pericardial cavity—the cavity formed by the sac enclosing the heart—could be drained in purulent infections (as had been done by Larrey in 1824); and the pericardium could be partially excised for constrictive pericarditis when it was…

  • Rehnquist, William (chief justice of United States)

    William Rehnquist, 16th chief justice of the United States, appointed to the Supreme Court in 1971 and elevated to chief justice in 1986. Rehnquist served in the U.S. Army Air Forces during World War II. After the war, he attended Stanford University, where he was awarded bachelor’s (1948),

  • Rehnquist, William Donald (chief justice of United States)

    William Rehnquist, 16th chief justice of the United States, appointed to the Supreme Court in 1971 and elevated to chief justice in 1986. Rehnquist served in the U.S. Army Air Forces during World War II. After the war, he attended Stanford University, where he was awarded bachelor’s (1948),

  • Rehnquist, William Hubbs (chief justice of United States)

    William Rehnquist, 16th chief justice of the United States, appointed to the Supreme Court in 1971 and elevated to chief justice in 1986. Rehnquist served in the U.S. Army Air Forces during World War II. After the war, he attended Stanford University, where he was awarded bachelor’s (1948),

  • Rehoboam (king of Israel)

    biblical literature: The divided monarchy: …bce), he was succeeded by Rehoboam, who proved to be unfit for the task of reigning. Prior to Solomon’s death, Jeroboam the Ephraimite, a young overseer of the forced labour battalions of the “house of Joseph” in the north, had encountered Ahijah, a prophet from the old shrine of the…

  • Rehoboth (Namibia)

    Rehoboth, town, central Namibia. The town is located about 52 miles (84 km) south of Windhoek, the national capital, and lies on the banks of the dry, sandy bed of the Rehoboth River at an elevation of 4,544 feet (1,385 metres). Rehoboth is situated in an arid, sparsely populated region within the

  • Rehoboth (Massachusetts, United States)
  • Rehoboth Baster (people)

    Baster, (from Afrikaans baster, “bastard,” or “half-breed”), member of an ethnically mixed group in Namibia and northwestern South Africa, most of whom are descendants of 17th- and 18th-century Dutch and French men and indigenous Nama (Khoekhoe) women of southwestern Africa. They speak a language

  • Rehobother (people)

    Baster, (from Afrikaans baster, “bastard,” or “half-breed”), member of an ethnically mixed group in Namibia and northwestern South Africa, most of whom are descendants of 17th- and 18th-century Dutch and French men and indigenous Nama (Khoekhoe) women of southwestern Africa. They speak a language

  • Re?ovot (Israel)

    Re?ovot, city, central Israel, on the coastal plain south-southwest of Tel Aviv–Yafo, in the centre of the country’s most productive citrus belt. The name (Hebrew: “broad places,” or “room”) is from the biblical allusion in Genesis 26:22. Founded in 1890 by Warsaw Jews, Re?ovot soon became

  • Rehovot HaNahar (work by Greenberg)

    Hebrew literature: Israeli literature: Greenberg’s Rehovot HaNahar (1951; “Streets of the River”) traces the process by which the humiliation of the massacred is transmuted by the pride of martyrdom into the historical impulse of messianic redemption. In a long dramatic poem, Bein ha-Esh ve-ha-Yesha (1957; Between the Fire and Salvation),…

  • rehydration (physiology)

    cholera: Symptoms and treatment: For oral rehydration the solution is made by using oral rehydration salts (ORS)—a measured mixture of glucose, sodium chloride, potassium chloride, and trisodium citrate. The mixture can be prepackaged and administered by nonmedical personnel, allowing cholera to be treated even under the most adverse conditions. ORS can…

  • Rei militaris instituta (work by Vegetius)

    Vegetius: …Rei militaris instituta, also called Epitoma rei militaris, written sometime between 384 and 389, advocated a revival of the old system but had almost no influence on the decaying military forces of the later Roman Empire. His rules on siege craft and on the need for discipline, however, were studied…

  • rei miro (ornament)

    Rei miro, wooden gorget, or pectoral (breast ornament), once worn by high-ranking inhabitants of Rapa Nui (Easter Island). The rei miro (according to Rongorongo: The Easter Island Script, rei is a cognate of the Hawaiian word lei, and miro means ‘wood’) is of simple, elegant design, usually

  • Rei Momo (album by Byrne)

    David Byrne: …career began in earnest with Rei Momo (1989), which drew on Afro-Latin styles; other solo releases include Uh-Oh (1992), Feelings (1997), and Grown Backwards (2004). In addition, he collaborated with Eno again on the gospel-inspired Everything That Happens Will Happen Today (2008) and with singer-songwriter St. Vincent on Love This…

  • Rei-sai (Shintō festival)

    Shintō: Varieties of festival, worship, and prayer: …Festival), an Annual Festival (Rei-sai), and the Divine Procession (Shinkō-sai). The Divine Procession usually takes place on the day of the Annual Festival, and miniature shrines (mikoshi) carried on the shoulders are transported through the parish. The order of rituals at a grand festival is usually as follows:

  • Reich (German political concept)

    Reich, (German: “Empire”), any of the empires of the Germans or Germany: the Holy Roman Empire (q.v.); the Second Reich, led by the Prussian Hohenzollerns (1871–1918); or the Third Reich of Nazi Germany (1933–45). See

  • Reich Gottes und Menschensohn (work by Otto)

    Rudolf Otto: Later works.: …Reich Gottes und Menschensohn (1934; The Kingdom of God and Son of Man, 1938). Of the three books, the latter is especially important for glimpses of new insight that seem to point beyond the earlier, more widely acclaimed volume; it renders the hint of ultimacy that appears in present history.

  • Reich Security Central Office (division of SS, Nazi Germany)

    SS: …most important division was the Reichssicherheitshauptamt (RSHA; Reich Security Central Office), which oversaw the Sicherheitspolizei (Sipo; Security Police), which, in turn, was divided into the Kriminalpolizei (Kripo; Criminal Police) and the dreaded Gestapo under Heinrich Müller. The RSHA also included the Sicherheitsdienst (SD; Security Service), a security department in charge…

  • Reich Sports Field (sports complex, Berlin, Germany)

    Olympic Games: Berlin, Germany, 1936: …race were commonplace; and the Reich Sports Field, a newly constructed sports complex that covered 325 acres (131.5 hectares) and included four stadiums, was draped in Nazi banners and symbols. Nonetheless, the attraction of a spirited sports competition was too great, and in the end 49 countries chose to attend…

  • Reich, Frank (American football player and coach)

    Buffalo Bills: Backup quarterback Frank Reich rallied the Bills to five unanswered touchdowns, and Buffalo prevailed over the Oilers 41–38 in overtime. The Bills’ feat was the greatest point-differential comeback in NFL history, including both regular-season and postseason games. The team’s momentum continued throughout the AFC playoffs, and the…

  • Reich, Marcel (German columnist and television personality)

    Marcel Reich-Ranicki, Polish-born German columnist and television personality who became Germany’s most influential literary critic. Reich grew up in Berlin and Warsaw. During World War II his Jewish parents were confined to the Warsaw ghetto and were then killed at the Treblinka concentration

  • Reich, Philipp Erasmus (German publisher)

    history of publishing: Germany: A Weidmann partner, Philipp Erasmus Reich, was known in the 18th century as “the prince of the German book trade.” He could be said to have invented the net price principle (see below Price regulation) and the idea of a booksellers’ association (1765), which in 1825 became the…

  • Reich, Stephen Michael (American composer)

    Steve Reich, American composer who was one of the leading exponents of Minimalism, a style based on repetitions and combinations of simple motifs and harmonies. Reich was the son of an attorney and a singer-lyricist. He majored in philosophy at Cornell University (1953–57) and then studied

  • Reich, Steve (American composer)

    Steve Reich, American composer who was one of the leading exponents of Minimalism, a style based on repetitions and combinations of simple motifs and harmonies. Reich was the son of an attorney and a singer-lyricist. He majored in philosophy at Cornell University (1953–57) and then studied

  • Reich, Wilhelm (Austrian psychologist)

    Wilhelm Reich, Viennese psychiatrist who developed a system of psychoanalysis that concentrated on overall character structure rather than on individual neurotic symptoms. His early work on psychoanalytic technique was overshadowed by his involvement in the sexual politics movement and by

  • Reich-Ranicki, Marcel (German columnist and television personality)

    Marcel Reich-Ranicki, Polish-born German columnist and television personality who became Germany’s most influential literary critic. Reich grew up in Berlin and Warsaw. During World War II his Jewish parents were confined to the Warsaw ghetto and were then killed at the Treblinka concentration

  • Reicha, Anton (music theorist and teacher)

    Franz Liszt: Youth and early training: …foreigner; instead, he studied with Anton Reicha, a theorist who had been a pupil of Joseph Haydn’s brother Michael, and Ferdinando Paer, the director of the Théatre-Italien in Paris and a composer of light operas. Liszt’s Paris debut on March 7, 1824, was sensational. Other concerts quickly followed, as well…

  • Reiche, Maria (German-Peruvian mathematician and archaeologist)

    Maria Reiche, German-born Peruvian mathematician and archaeologist (born May 15, 1903, Dresden, Ger.—died June 8, 1998, Lima, Peru), was the self-appointed keeper of the Nazca Lines, a series of Peruvian ground drawings more than 1,000 years old. For five decades the "Lady of the Lines," as she w

  • Reichelderfer, Francis W. (American meteorologist)

    weather forecasting: Practical applications: …area gained in importance after Francis W. Reichelderfer was appointed chief of the U.S. Weather Bureau (USWB) in 1939. Reichelderfer had previously modernized the U.S. Navy’s meteorological service and made it a model of support for naval aviation. During World War II the discovery of very strong wind currents at…

  • Reichenau (island, Germany)

    Reichenau, island in the Untersee, the western arm of Lake Constance (Bodensee) in Baden-Württemberg Land (state), southwestern Germany. Belonging to the city of Konstanz, it is 3 miles (5 km) long and 1 mile (1.6 km) wide and is connected to the mainland by a causeway 1.25 miles (2 km) long.

  • Reichenau Bridge (bridge, Germany)

    bridge: Christian Menn: The Reichenau Bridge (1964) over the Rhine, a deck-stiffened arch with a span of 98 metres (328 feet), shows Menn’s characteristic use of a wide, prestressed concrete deck slab cantilevering laterally from both sides of a single box. For the high, curving Felsenau Viaduct (1974) over…

  • Reichenau, Walther von (German general)

    Walther von Reichenau, German field marshal who commanded the army that captured Warsaw (1939) and the 6th Army in its encircling movement through Belgium (1940) on the Western front during World War II. The son of a general of the artillery, von Reichenau followed his father’s career, joining an

  • Reichenbach (Poland)

    Dzier?oniów, city, Dolno?l?skie województwo (province), southwestern Poland, on the Pi?awa River in Lower Silesia. The community was founded as Reichenbach in the 12th century and received town rights in the 13th. The duke of Zi?bice (Münsterberg) pledged the town to Bohemia (1335), whence it

  • Reichenbach Falls (waterfalls, Switzerland)

    Reichenbach Falls, falls on the Reichenbach (creek) in Bern canton, central Switzerland, one of the highest falls in the Alps. There are five cascades with an overall height of 650 feet (200 m); best known are Upper and Lower Reichenbach Falls, with a drop of about 300 feet (90 m). Much of

  • Reichenbach, Convention of (Europe [1790])

    Ewald Friedrich, count von Hertzberg: …foreign minister and signed the Convention of Reichenbach with Austria (1790), by which the latter renounced any territorial acquisitions in the Turkish war. Retiring from the ministry in 1791, Hertzberg nevertheless continued to provide unsolicited advice until his death in 1795.

  • Reichenbach, Fran?ois-Arnold (French filmmaker)

    Fran?ois-Arnold Reichenbach, French filmmaker (born July 3, 1921, Paris, France—died Feb. 2, 1993, Neuilly, near Paris), wrote, directed, and photographed a wide range of documentary motion pictures, notably the Academy Award-winning Arthur Rubinstein, l’amour de la vie (1969). Reichenbach worked a

  • Reichenbach, Georg von (German instrument maker)

    Georg von Reichenbach, German maker of astronomical instruments who introduced the meridian, or transit, circle, a specially designed telescope for measuring both the time when a celestial body is directly over the meridian (the longitude of the instrument) and the angle of the body at meridian

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