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  • Republican People’s Party (political party, Turkey)

    Turkey: Government: …own party, which became the Republican People’s Party (Cumhuriyet Halk Partisi; CHP), dominated all assemblies until 1950; in this period the assemblies included a heavy preponderance of urban professional men and of officials with a university education. With an outlook different from that of the illiterate Turkish peasants, they carried…

  • Republican Proposal (political party, Argentina)

    Mauricio Macri: …foundation for the successor party, Republican Proposal (PRO). Under his leadership, over the next dozen years, PRO was transformed into Argentina’s first new nationally viable and competitive political party in more than 60 years.

  • Republican River (river, United States)

    Republican River, river formed by the confluence of the North Fork of the Republican River and the Arikaree River near Haigler, Neb., U.S. It flows eastward through Swanson Lake (behind Trenton Dam) past the towns of McCook, Red Cloud, and Superior and then turns southeastward through Kansas to

  • Republican Turkish Party (political party, Cyprus)

    Cyprus: Political process: … (Toplumcu Kurtulu? Partisi), and the Republican Turkish Party (Cumhuriyetc?i Türk Partisi).

  • Republican, The (British publication)

    Richard Carlile: …and, changing its name to The Republican, he edited 12 volumes in prison. Curiously, the government made no attempt to stop his editorial work in jail, though his wife, sister, and other persons who operated his printing shop were harassed by police and at times imprisoned.

  • republicanism (government)

    presidency of the United States of America: The presidency in the 19th century: By completing the transition to republicanism, he humanized the presidency and made it a symbol not of the nation but of the people. He talked persuasively about the virtue of limiting government—his first inaugural address was a masterpiece on the subject—and he made gestures in that direction. He slashed the…

  • Republicans, The (political party, Germany)

    The Republicans, German ultranationalist political party, founded in West Germany in 1983. Although they reject the label, many observers regard the party as neo-fascist. The Republicans’ founders were dissident members of the Christian Social Union who had protested that party’s role in arranging

  • Republiek Suriname

    Suriname, country located on the northern coast of South America. Suriname is one of the smallest countries in South America, yet its population is one of the most ethnically diverse in the region. Its economy is dependent on its extensive supply of natural resources, most notably bauxite, of which

  • Republik Indonesia

    Indonesia, country located off the coast of mainland Southeast Asia in the Indian and Pacific oceans. It is an archipelago that lies across the Equator and spans a distance equivalent to one-eighth of Earth’s circumference. Its islands can be grouped into the Greater Sunda Islands of Sumatra

  • Republik ?sterreich

    Austria, largely mountainous landlocked country of south-central Europe. Together with Switzerland, it forms what has been characterized as the neutral core of Europe, notwithstanding Austria’s full membership since 1995 in the supranational European Union (EU). A great part of Austria’s prominence

  • Republik, Palast der (historical building, Berlin, Germany)

    Berlin: The city layout: Nearby once stood the Palace of the Republic (Palast der Republik). The building, which opened in 1976 as the new seat of the East German parliament (Volkskammer), occupied the site of the former palace of the Prussian and German kings and kaisers. In 2003 the decision was made to…

  • Republika e Shqip?ris?

    Albania, country in southern Europe, located in the western part of the Balkan Peninsula on the Strait of Otranto, the southern entrance to the Adriatic Sea. The capital city is Tirana (Tiran?). Albanians refer to themselves as shqiptar?—often taken to mean “sons of eagles,” though it may well

  • Republika Hrvatska

    Croatia, country located in the northwestern part of the Balkan Peninsula. It is a small yet highly geographically diverse crescent-shaped country. Its capital is Zagreb, located in the north. The present-day republic is composed of the historically Croatian regions of Croatia-Slavonia (located in

  • Republika Makedonija

    North Macedonia, country of the south-central Balkans. It is bordered to the north by Kosovo and Serbia, to the east by Bulgaria, to the south by Greece, and to the west by Albania. The capital is Skopje. The Republic of North Macedonia is located in the northern part of the area traditionally

  • Republika Srpska (political organization, Bosnia and Herzegovina)

    Bosnia and Herzegovina: Postwar Bosnia and Herzegovina: … and the Republika Srpska (Bosnian Serb Republic), were largely autonomous, each having its own assembly.

  • Republikaner, Die (political party, Germany)

    The Republicans, German ultranationalist political party, founded in West Germany in 1983. Although they reject the label, many observers regard the party as neo-fascist. The Republicans’ founders were dissident members of the Christian Social Union who had protested that party’s role in arranging

  • Republikanischer Schutzbund (Austrian political organization)

    Schutzbund, (German: Republican Defense League), paramilitary socialist organization active in Austria between World War I and 1934. Compared with its chief right-wing opponent force, the Heimwehr, the Schutzbund was tightly organized, having been created in 1923 from the workers’ guards by the

  • République Batave (historical republic, Netherlands)

    Batavian Republic, republic of the Netherlands, established after it was conquered by the French during the campaign of 1794–95. Formalized in a constitution of 1798, it possessed a centralized government patterned after that of the Directory in France and was bound to France by alliance. In March

  • République Centrafricaine

    Central African Republic, landlocked country located in the centre of Africa. The area that is now the Central African Republic has been settled for at least 8,000 years. The earliest inhabitants were the probable ancestors of today’s Aka (Pygmy) peoples, who live in the western and southern

  • République Cisalpine (historical territory, Italy)

    Cisalpine Republic, republic formed by General Napoleon Bonaparte in June 1797 in conquered territories centred in the Po River valley of northern Italy. Its territory first embraced Lombardy, then extended to Emilia, Modena, and Bologna (collectively known for some months previously as the C

  • République Cispadane (historical territory, Italy)

    Cispadane Republic, state formed in December 1796 by General Napoleon Bonaparte out of the merger of the duchies of Reggio and Modena and the legate states of Bologna and Ferrara. By the Treaty of Tolentino (Feb. 19, 1797), the pope also ceded Romagna to the republic. Deputies from the c

  • République de Bismarck, ou Origines allemandes de la Troisième République, La (work by Bainville)

    Jacques Bainville: … he published his first book, La République de Bismarck, ou Origines allemandes de la Troisième République (1905; “The Republic of Bismarck: German Origins of the Third Republic”), in which he emphasized the German chancellor Otto von Bismarck’s support of French Republicanism.

  • République du Mali

    Mali, landlocked country of western Africa, mostly in the Saharan and Sahelian regions. Mali is largely flat and arid. The Niger River flows through its interior, functioning as the main trading and transport artery in the country. Sections of the river flood periodically, providing much-needed

  • République du Sénégal

    Senegal, country in western Africa. Located at the westernmost point of the continent and served by multiple air and maritime travel routes, Senegal is known as the “Gateway to Africa.” The country lies at an ecological boundary where semiarid grassland, oceanfront, and tropical rainforest

  • République Fédérale Islamique des Comores

    Comoros, an independent state comprising three of the Comoro Islands in the Indian Ocean, off the coast of East Africa. A fourth island of the Comorian archipelago, Mayotte, is claimed by the country of Comoros but administered by France. The volcanic islands of the Comorian archipelago have been

  • République Fran?aise

    France, country of northwestern Europe. Historically and culturally among the most important nations in the Western world, France has also played a highly significant role in international affairs, with former colonies in every corner of the globe. Bounded by the Atlantic Ocean and the

  • République Gabonaise

    Gabon, country lying on the west coast of Africa, astride the Equator. A former French colony, Gabon retains strong ties to France and to the French language and culture. The capital is Libreville. Gabon is bordered by Equatorial Guinea and Cameroon to the north, the Republic of the Congo to the

  • République Islamique de Mauritanie

    Mauritania, country on the Atlantic coast of Africa. Mauritania forms a geographic and cultural bridge between the North African Maghrib (a region that also includes Morocco, Algeria, and Tunisia) and the westernmost portion of Sub-Saharan Africa. Culturally it forms a transitional zone between the

  • République Ligurienne (historical republic, Europe)

    Ligurian Republic, republic created by Napoleon Bonaparte on June 15, 1797, organizing the conquered city of Genoa and its environs. The government was modeled on that of the Directory in France, and the republic was tied to France by alliance. In 1803 it became also a military district, closely l

  • République Parthénopéenne (historical republic, Italy)

    Parthenopean Republic, short-lived republic in Naples proclaimed on Jan. 23, 1799, after a popular uprising of pro-French republicans resulted in the ouster of King Ferdinand IV. A counterrevolution the same year, aided by a papal army and an English fleet under Horatio Nelson and marked by w

  • République Romaine (historical territory, Italy [1798–1799])

    Roman Republic, republic established in February 1798 by French troops occupying Rome and its environs. The pope was forced into exile, and the new republic was set up under an executive of seven consuls. In November 1798 Ferdinand IV of Naples sent an army that recaptured Rome, but the French

  • repudiation (law)

    family law: Divorce: …both parties were alive was repudiation, resulting usually in the return of the woman to the power of her family. Repudiation has had a considerable history; it has strongly influenced marriage law in Muslim, Jewish, Chinese, and Japanese law. In Islamic law, repudiation can occur without proof of legally designated…

  • Répudiation, La (work by Boudjedra)

    Rachid Boudjedra: …Algerian writer whose first novel, La Répudiation (1969; The Repudiation), gained notoriety because of its explicit language and frontal assault on Muslim traditionalism in contemporary Algeria. Because of that work, Boudjedra was hailed as the leader of a new movement of experimental fiction.

  • Repulse (British ship)

    World War II: Pearl Harbor and the Japanese expansion, to July 1942: …Wales and the battle cruiser Repulse, sailing from Singapore to cut Japanese communications, were sunk by Japanese aircraft on December 10. By the end of January 1942, two Japanese divisions, with air and armoured support, had occupied all Malaya except Singapore Island. In Burma, meanwhile, other Japanese troops had taken…

  • Repulse Bay (inlet, Queensland, Australia)

    Repulse Bay, inlet of the Coral Sea, on the central Queensland coast, northeastern Australia. Oriented northwest-southeast, the bay is about 16 miles (26 km) wide and about 19 miles (31 km) long. The area was visited by the British explorer Capt. James Cook in June 1770. He had hoped to lay up his

  • Repulsion (film by Polanski [1965])

    Repulsion, British psychological thriller film, released in 1965, directed by Roman Polanski and noted for the stellar lead performance of Catherine Deneuve. Carol Ledoux (played by Deneuve) is a beautiful but fragile and mentally disturbed young woman from Belgium who lives with her sister Helen

  • repulsive potential

    chemical bonding: Repulsive force: The repulsive part of the intermolecular potential is essentially a manifestation of the overlap of the wave functions of the two species in conjunction with the Pauli exclusion principle. It reflects the impossibility for electrons with the same spin to occupy the same…

  • Reputation (album by Swift)

    Taylor Swift: Later albums and controversies: …Me Do,” and her album Reputation became the top-selling American LP of 2017.

  • requeening (beekeeping)

    beekeeping: Requeening a colony: When a beekeeper requeens a colony, he removes the failing or otherwise undesirable queen and places a new one in a screen cage in the broodnest. After a few days the colony becomes adjusted to her and she can be released from…

  • Requena (Spain)

    Requena, city, Valencia provincia (province) and comunidad autónoma (autonomous community), eastern Spain. Overlooking the left bank of the Magro River, the city, 2,270 feet (692 metres) above sea level, commands the Utiel plain. Settlement of Requena’s site dates from antiquity; there are remains

  • Requesens y Zú?iga, Luis de (Spanish governor of The Netherlands)

    Luis de Requesens y Zú?iga, Spanish governor of the Netherlands during one phase (1573–76) of the Dutch revolt called the Eighty Years’ War. Succeeding the tyrannical Fernando álvarez, duque de Alba, he tried unsuccessfully to compromise with the rebellious provinces. Requesens’s early career was

  • Requessens y Zú?iga, Luis de (Spanish governor of The Netherlands)

    Luis de Requesens y Zú?iga, Spanish governor of the Netherlands during one phase (1573–76) of the Dutch revolt called the Eighty Years’ War. Succeeding the tyrannical Fernando álvarez, duque de Alba, he tried unsuccessfully to compromise with the rebellious provinces. Requesens’s early career was

  • Requests, Court of (English law)

    Court of Requests, in England, one of the prerogative courts that grew out of the king’s council (Curia Regis) in the late 15th century. The court’s primary function was to deal with civil petitions from poor people and the king’s servants. Called the Court of Poor Men’s Causes until 1529, it was a

  • requests, master of (French history)

    France: The growth of a professional bureaucracy: There were also masters of requests (ma?tres de requêtes), lawyers whose expertise was invaluable when the council sat in a judicial capacity. But in the council the professional element that assumed the greatest significance in the course of the 16th and 17th centuries was the holders of the…

  • Requêtes, Chambre des (French court)

    Chambre des Requêtes, (French: Chamber of Petitions), in France under the ancien régime, a chamber of the Parlement of Paris with responsibilities for examining the petitions of parties desiring to bring a case before the Parlement and for acting as a court of first instance for those with

  • requêtes, maitre de (French history)

    France: The growth of a professional bureaucracy: There were also masters of requests (ma?tres de requêtes), lawyers whose expertise was invaluable when the council sat in a judicial capacity. But in the council the professional element that assumed the greatest significance in the course of the 16th and 17th centuries was the holders of the…

  • Requiem (work by Berlioz)

    Hector Berlioz: Mature career: …where he composed his great Requiem, the Grande Messe des morts (1837), the symphonies Harold en Italie (1834) and Roméo et Juliette (1839), and the opera Benvenuto Cellini (Paris, 1838).

  • Requiem (mass by Haydn)

    Michael Haydn: …and vocal soloists, and his Requiem of 1771 influenced Mozart’s own famous Requiem of 1791. Haydn also wrote numerous symphonies, divertimenti, and other secular compositions. He was an intimate friend of Mozart (who wrote his violin-viola duos to fulfill a commission Haydn was too ill to complete) and was a…

  • Requiem (mass by Verdi)

    Requiem, requiem mass by Giuseppe Verdi, intended as a memorial to a departed hero—the poet, playwright, and novelist Alessandro Manzoni. Requiem premiered in Milan on May 22, 1874. It is Verdi’s largest-scale nonoperatic work. The leading Italian writer of the 1800s, Manzoni played the role in

  • requiem (music)

    Requiem mass, musical setting of the Mass for the Dead (missa pro defunctis), named for the beginning of the Latin of the Introit “Requiem aeternam dona eis Domine” (“Give them eternal rest, O Lord”). The polyphonic composition for the requiem mass differs from the normal mass in that it not only

  • Requiem Canticles (work by Stravinsky)

    Igor Stravinsky: Life and career: His last major work, Requiem Canticles (1966), is a profoundly moving adaptation of modern serial techniques to a personal imaginative vision that was deeply rooted in his Russian past. This piece is an amazing tribute to the creative vitality of a composer then in his middle 80s.

  • Requiem for a Dream (film by Aronofsky [2000])

    Jennifer Connelly: …and degradation in Darren Aronofsky’s Requiem for a Dream (2000). She then appeared in the Jackson Pollock biopic Pollock (2000). Connelly earned a BAFTA Award and a Golden Globe Award as well as an Oscar for A Beautiful Mind. She went on to star with Ben Kingsley in House of…

  • Requiem for a Heavyweight (film by Nelson [1962])

    Requiem for a Heavyweight, American film drama, released in 1962, that takes a grim look at the underbelly of the boxing world. Requiem for a Heavyweight was adapted for the screen by Rod Serling, who originally wrote the script as a teleplay for the television show Playhouse 90. Anthony Quinn

  • Requiem for a Nun (play by Camus)

    Albert Camus: Camus’s literary career: …stage adaptations of William Faulkner’s Requiem for a Nun (Requiem pour une nonne; 1956) and Fyodor Dostoyevsky’s The Possessed (Les Possédés; 1959).

  • Requiem for a Nun (play by Faulkner)

    William Faulkner: Later life and works: But the central sections of Requiem for a Nun (1951) are challengingly set out in dramatic form, and A Fable (1954), a long, densely written, and complexly structured novel about World War I, demands attention as the work in which Faulkner made by far his greatest investment of time, effort,…

  • Requiem for a Spanish Peasant (work by Sender)

    Spanish literature: The novel: Requiem for a Spanish Peasant). After more than three decades in exile, Sender returned to Spain to a hero’s welcome from younger compatriots. The diplomat, legal scholar, and critic Francisco Ayala showed a youthful vanguardism early in his career; in later short stories (the collections…

  • Requiem in D Minor (mass by Mozart)

    Requiem in D Minor, K 626, requiem mass by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, left incomplete at his death on December 5, 1791. Until the late 20th century the work was most often heard as it had been completed by Mozart’s student Franz Xaver Süssmayr. Later completions have since been offered, and the most

  • Requiem in D Minor, Op. 48 (musical composition by Fauré)

    Requiem in D Minor, Op. 48, composition by Gabriel Fauré. Largely composed in the late 1880s, the work was not completed until 1900. Unusual gentle for a requiem mass, the work is often reminiscent of the composer’s best-known work, the restful and graceful Pavane of 1887. Fauré himself described

  • requiem mass (music)

    Requiem mass, musical setting of the Mass for the Dead (missa pro defunctis), named for the beginning of the Latin of the Introit “Requiem aeternam dona eis Domine” (“Give them eternal rest, O Lord”). The polyphonic composition for the requiem mass differs from the normal mass in that it not only

  • Requiem Mass (mass by Verdi)

    Requiem, requiem mass by Giuseppe Verdi, intended as a memorial to a departed hero—the poet, playwright, and novelist Alessandro Manzoni. Requiem premiered in Milan on May 22, 1874. It is Verdi’s largest-scale nonoperatic work. The leading Italian writer of the 1800s, Manzoni played the role in

  • Réquiem por un campesino espa?ol (work by Sender)

    Spanish literature: The novel: Requiem for a Spanish Peasant). After more than three decades in exile, Sender returned to Spain to a hero’s welcome from younger compatriots. The diplomat, legal scholar, and critic Francisco Ayala showed a youthful vanguardism early in his career; in later short stories (the collections…

  • Requiem pour une nonne (play by Camus)

    Albert Camus: Camus’s literary career: …stage adaptations of William Faulkner’s Requiem for a Nun (Requiem pour une nonne; 1956) and Fyodor Dostoyevsky’s The Possessed (Les Possédés; 1959).

  • requiem shark (shark)

    Carcharhinid, any member of the shark family Carcharhinidae, which includes about 12 genera and 50 species found worldwide. Carcharhinids are found primarily in warm and temperate ocean waters, though a few species inhabit fresh or brackish water. The Carcharhinidae is one of the largest families

  • Requip (drug)

    restless legs syndrome: , Requip?), a dopamine agonist—that is, a drug that mimics or enhances the action of dopamine, an important neurotransmitter in the brain.

  • required freight rate (transportation)

    ship: Business aspects: …often referred to as the required freight rate. Actual freight rates are set by market conditions and inevitably fluctuate during the life of a ship.

  • Requiter, Bridge of the (Zoroastrianism)

    immortality: …Zoroaster accepted the notion of Chinvat peretu, or the Bridge of the Requiter, which was to be crossed after death and which was broad for the righteous and narrow for the wicked, who fell from it into hell. In Indian philosophy and religion, the steps upward—or downward—in the series of…

  • rēr (sociology)

    Somali: …of Somali society is the rēr, or large, self-contained kinship group or clan, consisting of a number of families claiming common descent from a male ancestor. A Somali has obligations both to his rēr and to the loosely defined social unit of which his rēr is a part. Government of…

  • RER (biology)

    Rough endoplasmic reticulum (RER), series of connected flattened sacs, part of a continuous membrane organelle within the cytoplasm of eukaryotic cells, that plays a central role in the synthesis of proteins. The rough endoplasmic reticulum (RER) is so named for the appearance of its outer surface,

  • reredos (altar structure)

    altarpiece: The term reredos is used for an ornamental screen or partition that is not directly attached to the altar table but is affixed to the wall behind it. The term retable simply refers to any ornamental panel behind an altar.

  • Rerek (Egyptian god)

    Apopis, ancient Egyptian demon of chaos, who had the form of a serpent and, as the foe of the sun god, Re, represented all that was outside the ordered cosmos. Although many serpents symbolized divinity and royalty, Apopis threatened the underworld and symbolized evil. Each night Apopis encountered

  • Rerikh, Nikolay Konstantinovich (Russian set designer)

    Nicholas Roerich, Russian painter, scenic designer, and writer who is perhaps best known for his work with Serge Pavlovich Diaghilev’s Ballets Russes and especially for his monumental historical sets. One noteworthy example was his costume and stage design for the 1913 premiere of Igor Stravinsky’s

  • Rerum Germanicarum libri tres (work by Beatus Rhenanus)

    Beatus Rhenanus: …cultural achievements of Germanic peoples, Rerum Germanicarum libri tres (“Three Books on Germanic Matters”).

  • Rerum gestarum libri (work by Ammianus Marcellinus)

    Ammianus Marcellinus: Ammianus’s history, Rerum gestarum libri (“The Chronicles of Events”), consisted of 31 books, of which only the last 18, covering the years 353–378, survive. The first 13 books were already unavailable to scholars in the 6th century. (In light of the need for 18 books to cover…

  • Rerum Hungaricum Decades (work by Bonfini)

    Antonio Bonfini: Bonfini’s great work, Rerum Hungaricum Decades (“Ten Volumes of Hungarian Matters”), was incomplete at Matthias’s death in 1490 and was finished at the urging of Vladislas II. Its first full publication was in Basel, Switzerland, in 1568, while Gáspár Heltai’s Hungarian version, Chronika az magyarok viselt dolgairól (1575;…

  • Rerum Novarum (encyclical by Leo XIII)

    Rerum Novarum, encyclical issued by Pope Leo XIII in 1891 and considered by many conservative Roman Catholics to be extremely progressive. It enunciated the late 19th-century Roman Catholic position on social justice, especially in relation to the problems created by the Industrial Revolution, and

  • Rerum Scoticarum historia (work by Buchanan)

    George Buchanan: …limited monarchy in dialogue form; Rerum Scoticarum historia (1582), which he was completing at the time of his death, traces the history of Scotland from the mythical Fergus.

  • Res Gestae Divi Augusti (work by Augustus)

    Augustus: Expansion of the empire: …“Res Gestae Divi Augusti” (“Achievements of the Divine Augustus”). The best-preserved copy of the latter document is on the walls of the Temple of Rome and Augustus at Ankara, Turkey (the Monumentum Ancyranum). In 14 ce Tiberius was due to leave for Illyricum but was recalled by the news…

  • res ipsa loquitur (law)

    negligence: This is the doctrine of res ipsa loquitur (Latin: “the matter speaks for itself”). Generally, the damages recoverable for negligence are a monetary compensation for injuries or losses that are deemed to have flowed “naturally and proximately” from the negligent act. See also contributory negligence.

  • res judicata (law)

    Res judicata, (Latin: “a thing adjudged”), a thing or matter that has been finally juridically decided on its merits and cannot be litigated again between the same parties. The term is often used in reference to the maxim that repeated reexamination of adjudicated disputes is not in any society’s

  • res publica (political science)

    state: Greek and Roman precedents: …culture, and history—whereas the Roman res publica, or commonwealth, is more similar to the modern concept of the state. The res publica was a legal system whose jurisdiction extended to all Roman citizens, securing their rights and determining their responsibilities. With the fragmentation of the Roman system, the question of…

  • Res rustica (work by Varro)

    Marcus Terentius Varro: …work to survive is the Res rustica (“Farm Topics”), a three-section work of practical instruction in general agriculture and animal husbandry, written to foster a love of rural life.

  • res–verbum controversy (philosophy)

    humanism: Things and words: Simply put, the res-verbum controversy was an extended argument between humanists who believed that language constituted the ultimate human reality and those who believed that language, though an important subject for study, was the medium for understanding an even more basic reality that lay beyond it. The origin…

  • Re?ad, Mehmed (Ottoman sultan)

    Mehmed V, Ottoman sultan from 1909 to 1918, whose reign was marked by the absolute rule of the Committee of Union and Progress and by Turkey’s defeat in World War I. Having lived in seclusion most of his life, Mehmed Re?ad became sultan after his brother Abdülhamid II was forced to abdicate. A

  • Resagi, Mount (mountain, Indonesia)

    South Sumatra: Geography: … (10,364 feet [3,159 metres]) and Mount Resagi (7,323 feet [2,232 metres]). The highlands descend rapidly to a wide plain that is separated from the northeastern coast by a belt of swamps as much as 150 miles (240 km) wide. Sluggish and swollen rivers, including the Musi, the Komering, and the…

  • Resaina, Battle of (Persian history)

    Shāpūr I: Defeated at Resaina (now in Turkey) in 243, he was able, nevertheless, to conclude a favourable peace in 244. In 256 he took advantage of the internal chaos within the Roman Empire and invaded Syria, Anatolia, and Armenia; he sacked Antioch but was repulsed by the emperor…

  • resale price maintenance (economics)

    Price maintenance, measures taken by manufacturers or distributors to control the resale prices of their products charged by resellers. The practice is more effective in retail sales than at other levels of marketing. Only a few types of goods have come under such controls, the leading examples

  • Reschenpass (mountain pass, Europe)

    Resia Pass, pass south of the Austrian-Italian border and just east of the Swiss frontier. It is 4,934 feet (1,504 m) high and about 1 mile (1.6 km) long and separates the Unterengadin section of the Inn River valley, Austria, from the Venosta Valley or Adige River valley, Italy. The pass marks

  • Reschenscheideck (mountain pass, Europe)

    Resia Pass, pass south of the Austrian-Italian border and just east of the Swiss frontier. It is 4,934 feet (1,504 m) high and about 1 mile (1.6 km) long and separates the Unterengadin section of the Inn River valley, Austria, from the Venosta Valley or Adige River valley, Italy. The pass marks

  • rescript (Byzantine and Roman document)

    diplomatics: The Roman and Byzantine empire: …civil and penal law), and rescripts (the emperor’s replies to inquiries from corporate and administrative bodies or private persons). In the Byzantine era documents concerning more day-to-day affairs can be grouped under the headings of foreign letters, privileges, and administration. Foreign letters include correspondence with other rulers, treaties (regarded not…

  • rescripta (Byzantine and Roman document)

    diplomatics: The Roman and Byzantine empire: …civil and penal law), and rescripts (the emperor’s replies to inquiries from corporate and administrative bodies or private persons). In the Byzantine era documents concerning more day-to-day affairs can be grouped under the headings of foreign letters, privileges, and administration. Foreign letters include correspondence with other rulers, treaties (regarded not…

  • Rescue and Return of Astronauts and the Return of Objects Launched into Space, Agreement on the (UN)

    space law: …followed in 1968 by an Agreement on the Rescue and Return of Astronauts and the Return of Objects Launched into Space, which reinforced international commitment to the safety of humans in space, assigned economic responsibility to each country for the recovery of its equipment, and confirmed the control of each…

  • Rescue Dawn (film by Herzog [2007])

    Werner Herzog: …story inspired Herzog’s narrative film Rescue Dawn (2007), the screenplay of which was the first Herzog wrote in English.

  • rescue grass (plant)

    bromegrass: Rescue grass (B. catharticus), a winter annual introduced from South America into the United States as a forage and pasture grass, and smooth brome (B. inermis), a perennial native to Eurasia and introduced into the northern United States as a forage plant and soil binder,…

  • Rescue Me (American television series)

    Michael J. Fox: …TV series, including Boston Legal; Rescue Me, for which he received an Emmy in 2009; The Good Wife; and Designated Survivor. He briefly starred in The Michael J. Fox Show (2013–14), a comedy in which he played a news anchor with Parkinson disease.

  • rescue mission (Christianity)

    City mission, Christian religious organization established to provide spiritual, physical, and social assistance to the poor and needy. It originated in the city mission movement among evangelical laymen and ministers early in the 19th century. The work of city missions resembles that of settlement

  • Rescue of Andromeda (painting by Piero di Cosimo)

    Piero di Cosimo: In the Liberation of Andromeda (c. 1510–13), Piero adopts Leonardo da Vinci’s sfumato (smoky light and shade) to achieve a new lush atmospheric effect.

  • rescue period (psychology)

    collective behaviour: Rescue period: Just as initial fragmentation is followed by unnatural solidarity, stunned immobility gives way to a frenzy of activity in the rescue stage. Although activity is often inefficient, the task of rescuing persons who are trapped and of getting the injured to first-aid facilities…

  • Rescued by Rover (film by Hepworth)

    history of the motion picture: Edison and the Lumière brothers: …filmmaker was Cecil Hepworth, whose Rescued by Rover (1905) is regarded by many historians as the most skillfully edited narrative produced before the Biograph shorts of D.W. Griffith.

  • Rescuing Muhammad Ali’s Lost Legacy

    People today understand that Muhammad Ali defied the United States government and alienated mainstream America in the 1960s because he stood up for his principles. But they don’t know what those principles were. In recent years, economic motives have dictated a deliberate distortion of what Ali

  • Research and Analysis Wing (Indian government agency)

    intelligence: India: …is a civilian service, the Research and Analysis Wing (RAW). The RAW’s operations are for the most part confined to the Indian subcontinent, including Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, and Pakistan. The RAW also has directed efforts in the United States aimed at influencing that government’s foreign policy.

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