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  • Rickman, Thomas (British architect)

    Thomas Rickman, Gothic Revival architect, whose book An Attempt to Discriminate the Styles of English Architecture (1817) established the classification of English medieval architecture and the use of such terms as decorated and perpendicular Gothic. Originally a pharmacist’s assistant, doctor, and

  • Rickover, Hyman G. (United States admiral)

    Hyman G. Rickover, American naval officer and engineer who developed the world’s first nuclear-powered engines and the first atomic-powered submarine, the USS Nautilus, launched in 1954. He then went on to supervise plans for harnessing nuclear energy for peaceful purposes. Brought up in Chicago,

  • Rickover, Hyman George (United States admiral)

    Hyman G. Rickover, American naval officer and engineer who developed the world’s first nuclear-powered engines and the first atomic-powered submarine, the USS Nautilus, launched in 1954. He then went on to supervise plans for harnessing nuclear energy for peaceful purposes. Brought up in Chicago,

  • ricksha (vehicle)

    Rickshaw, (from Japanese: “human-powered vehicle”), two-wheeled vehicle with a doorless, chairlike body and a collapsible hood, which holds one or two passengers and is drawn by a man between two shafts. It was used widely in the Orient but was largely superseded by the pedicab, a rickshaw driven

  • rickshaw (vehicle)

    Rickshaw, (from Japanese: “human-powered vehicle”), two-wheeled vehicle with a doorless, chairlike body and a collapsible hood, which holds one or two passengers and is drawn by a man between two shafts. It was used widely in the Orient but was largely superseded by the pedicab, a rickshaw driven

  • Rickshaw (work by Lao She)

    Chinese literature: 1927–37: …denizen of China’s “lower depths”—Luotuo Xiangzi (1936; “Camel Xiangzi,” published in English in a bowdlerized translation as Rickshaw Boy, 1945).

  • Rickshaw Boy (work by Lao She)

    Chinese literature: 1927–37: …denizen of China’s “lower depths”—Luotuo Xiangzi (1936; “Camel Xiangzi,” published in English in a bowdlerized translation as Rickshaw Boy, 1945).

  • Ricky Gervais Show, The (podcast)

    Ricky Gervais: In 2005–06 Gervais hosted The Ricky Gervais Show, an Internet podcast in which he, Merchant, and Karl Pilkington engaged in casual (if sometimes bizarre) banter. The weekly show was downloaded by more than 500,000 listeners per episode, making it at the time the most downloaded podcast ever. The audio…

  • Ricky Gervais Show, The (television program)

    Ricky Gervais: …of the program, also called The Ricky Gervais Show (2010–12). Gervais and Merchant later created and appeared as fictionalized versions of themselves in the TV series Life’s Too Short, which, like Extras, lampooned the entertainment industry. The show debuted in 2011 and concluded with a special two years later. In…

  • RICO Act (United States [1970])

    Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act (RICO), U.S. federal statute targeting organized crime and white-collar crime. Since being enacted in 1970, it has been used extensively and successfully to prosecute thousands of individuals and organizations in the United States. Part of the

  • rico hombre (Spanish aristocracy)

    grandee: …Ages by certain of the ricos hombres, or powerful magnates of the realm, who had by then acquired vast influence and considerable privileges, including one—that of wearing a hat in the king’s presence—which later became characteristic of the dignity of grandee. The title was given a formal character in 1520…

  • rico-homen (Portuguese aristocracy)

    Portugal: Medieval social and economic development: …of the greater aristocracy, the ricos-homens, who might be at court. The ricos-homens also comprised the bishops and abbots and masters of the orders of knighthood; many held private civil or military authority. The lesser nobility were without such rights. Below them came various classes of free commoners, such as…

  • ricochet (gunnery)

    Ricochet, in gunnery, rebound of a projectile that strikes a hard surface, or the rebounding projectile itself. At one time a form of fire known as ricochet was widely used; artillery was aimed to permit the shot to strike and rebound in a succession of skips. The invention of this type of fire in

  • ricochetal locomotion (form of locomotion)

    locomotion: Saltation: The locomotor pattern of saltation (hopping) is confined mainly to kangaroos, anurans (tailless amphibians), rabbits, and some groups of rodents in the vertebrates and to a number of insect families in the arthropods. All saltatory animals have hind legs that are approximately twice as…

  • Ricoeur, Jean Paul Gustave (French philosopher)

    Paul Ricoeur, French philosopher and historian, who studied various linguistic and psychoanalytic theories of interpretation. Ricoeur graduated from the University of Rennes in 1932 and engaged in graduate studies of philosophy at the Sorbonne in Paris, receiving master’s (1935) and doctoral (1950)

  • Ricoeur, Paul (French philosopher)

    Paul Ricoeur, French philosopher and historian, who studied various linguistic and psychoanalytic theories of interpretation. Ricoeur graduated from the University of Rennes in 1932 and engaged in graduate studies of philosophy at the Sorbonne in Paris, receiving master’s (1935) and doctoral (1950)

  • Ricordanze della mia vita (work by Settembrini)

    Italian literature: The Risorgimento and after: …memoirs of Luigi Settembrini (Ricordanze della mia vita [1879–80; “Recollections of My Life”]) and Massimo D’Azeglio (I miei ricordi [1868; Things I Remember]). D’Azeglio’s historical novels and those of Francesco Guerrazzi now have a rather limited interest; and Mazzini’s didactic writings—of great merit in their good intentions—are generally regarded…

  • Ricordi (work by Guicciardini)

    Francesco Guicciardini: …of maxims and observations, the Ricordi. His political thought is frequently akin to, and sometimes more radical than, that of his friend Niccolò Machiavelli, with whom he shared, despite his long service with the papacy, a criticism of the contemporary church. He disagreed, however, in his Considerazioni intorno ai “Discorsi”…

  • Ricordi, Giulio (Italian music publisher)

    Giuseppe Verdi: Late years: …the initiative of his publisher, Giulio Ricordi. Reluctant to allow his most profitable composer to rest on his laurels, Ricordi contrived a reconciliation with Arrigo Boito, who had offended Verdi by some youthful criticism. A proposal that Boito should write a libretto based on Shakespeare’s Othello attracted the old composer,…

  • ricotta (cheese)

    cottage cheese: Ricotta, a fresh Italian cheese that resembles cottage cheese but is smoother in texture, is also used in baking and in fillings for lasagna, ravioli, and other pasta dishes.

  • Ricoverus Uguccione, Saint (Florentine friar)

    Seven Holy Founders: Amidei, Gerard Sostegni, and Ricoverus Uguccione. Formally Ordo Fratrum Servorum Sanctae Mariae (“Order of Friar Servants of St. Mary”), the order is a Roman Catholic congregation of mendicant friars dedicated to apostolic work.

  • Ricqlès, Armand de (French paleontologist)

    dinosaur: Growth and life span: … studies of fossilized bone by Armand de Ricqlès in Paris and R.E.H. Reid in Ireland showed that dinosaur skeletons grew quite rapidly. The time required for full growth has not been quantified for most dinosaurs, but de Ricqlès and his colleagues have shown that duckbills (hadrosaurs) such as Hypacrosaurus and…

  • Rid i natt! (work by Moberg)

    Vilhelm Moberg: …oppression, Rid i natt! (1941; Ride This Night!), in which he dramatizes the necessity of men acting in the cause of freedom and justice.

  • Rid of Me (album by Harvey)

    PJ Harvey: …recorded Harvey’s most challenging album, Rid of Me (1993); a softer version of some of the same material, 4-Track Demos, came out later the same year. Following the tour in support of these releases, Ellis and Vaughan left PJ Harvey, which became the moniker for Harvey as a solo artist.…

  • ri?ā (?ūfism)

    maqām: …sorrows; (7) the maqām of ri?ā (satisfaction), a state of quiet contentment and joy that comes from the anticipation of the long-sought union.

  • rida (sheep and goat disease)

    Scrapie, fatal neurodegenerative disease of sheep and goats. Scrapie has been endemic in British sheep, particularly the Suffolk breed, since the early 18th century. Since that time the disease has been detected in countries worldwide, with the exception of Australia and New Zealand, as well as in

  • ri?a (Islamic history)

    Riddah, series of politico-religious uprisings in various parts of Arabia in about 632 ce during the caliphate of Abū Bakr (reigned 632–634). Despite the traditional resistance of the Bedouins to any restraining central authority, by 631 Muhammad was able to exact from the majority of their tribes

  • Ri?ā Khān, Mu?ammad (Indian government official)

    India: The period of disorder, 1760–72: …Clive appointed a deputy divan, Mu?ammad Ri?ā Khan, who was at the same time appointed the nawab’s deputy. The chain was thus complete. The company, acting in the name of the emperor and using Indian personnel and the traditional apparatus of government, now ruled Bengal. The company’s agent was Ri?ā…

  • Ridan (racehorse)

    Bill Hartack: …Belmont Stakes in 1960 and Ridan in the Arlington Futurity in 1961. In 1972 Hartack became the fifth jockey ever to win more than 4,000 races. He retired in 1980.

  • riddah (Islamic history)

    Riddah, series of politico-religious uprisings in various parts of Arabia in about 632 ce during the caliphate of Abū Bakr (reigned 632–634). Despite the traditional resistance of the Bedouins to any restraining central authority, by 631 Muhammad was able to exact from the majority of their tribes

  • Riddar Island (island, Stockholm, Sweden)

    Gamla Stan: Stads Island, Helgeands Island, and Riddar Island. Most of the buildings in this area date from the 16th and 17th centuries and are legally protected from renovation. Stads Island contains the Royal Palace; Storkyrkan, also called the Cathedral, or Church, of St. Nicolas; the German Church; the House of Lords;…

  • Riddarholm Church (church, Stockholm, Sweden)

    Stockholm: …Island is dominated by the Riddarholm Church. The House of Parliament and the National Bank are on Helgeands Island.

  • Riddarholmen (island, Stockholm, Sweden)

    Gamla Stan: Stads Island, Helgeands Island, and Riddar Island. Most of the buildings in this area date from the 16th and 17th centuries and are legally protected from renovation. Stads Island contains the Royal Palace; Storkyrkan, also called the Cathedral, or Church, of St. Nicolas; the German Church; the House of Lords;…

  • Riddell, G. E. (scientist)

    electroless plating: Riddell, electroless plating involves the deposition of such metals as copper, nickel, silver, gold, or palladium on the surface of a variety of materials by means of a reducing chemical bath. It is also used in mirroring, in which a clean surface of glass is…

  • Riddell, Walter Alexander (Canadian clergyman, statesman, and labour specialist)

    Walter Alexander Riddell, Canadian clergyman, statesman, and labour specialist who helped bring about enactment of such important benefits as employment exchanges, a mother’s allowance, and minimum wages during the deflation following World War I. Riddell was ordained in 1910 and went to work in

  • Ridder (Kazakhstan)

    Ridder, city, northeastern Kazakhstan. The city is situated in the southwestern Altai Mountains, along the Ulba River, at an elevation higher than 3,300 feet (1,000 metres). An Englishman, Philip Ridder, discovered a small mine containing gold, silver, copper, and lead there in 1786, and systematic

  • Ridder, Alfons De (Belgian writer)

    Willem Elsschot, Flemish novelist and poet, the author of a small but remarkable oeuvre, whose laconic style and ironic observation of middle-class urban life mark him as one of the outstanding Flemish novelists of the first half of the 20th century. Elsschot’s first work, Villa des roses (1913;

  • riddle

    Riddle, deliberately enigmatic or ambiguous question requiring a thoughtful and often witty answer. The riddle is a form of guessing game that has been a part of the folklore of most cultures from ancient times. Western scholars generally recognize two main kinds of riddle: the descriptive riddle

  • riddle story (literary genre)

    mystery story: Riddle stories, too, have an ancient heritage. The riddle of Samson, propounded in the Bible (Judges 14:12–18), is the most famous early example, but puzzles were also popular among the ancient Egyptians and the Greeks. The distinguishing feature of the riddling mystery story is that…

  • Riddle, Nelson (American musician)

    Nelson Riddle, American popular-music arranger, conductor, and composer, regarded as the premier 20th-century arranger for popular singers. Riddle began his career in the 1940s as a trombonist-arranger for the orchestras of Tommy Dorsey, Bob Crosby, Charlie Spivak, and Jerry Wald. His first noted

  • Riddle, Samuel Doyle (American businessman and racehorse owner)

    Man o' War: Breeding and early racing career: His owner, Samuel Doyle Riddle, had a long-standing aversion to entering any of his horses in the classic race. Riddle detested racing in the “West” (which for him included Churchill Downs), because it was away from the stomping grounds of high society. Perhaps his most cogent reason…

  • Riddlesden, Baron Healey of (British politician and economist)

    Denis Winston Healey, Baron Healey of Riddlesden, British economist, statesman, writer, and chancellor of the Exchequer (1974–79). Healey grew up in Keighley, Yorkshire, and had a brilliant academic career at Balliol College, Oxford. He was made a Member of the Order of the British Empire (MBE) in

  • Riddley Walker (novel by Hoban)

    Russell Hoban: Riddley Walker (1980), probably Hoban’s best-known novel, is set in the future in an England devastated by nuclear war. Events are narrated in a futuristic form of English. Hoban’s later writings include the novels Pilgermann (1983); The Medusa Frequency (1987), the story of an author…

  • riddling (wine making)

    champagne: This procedure, called riddling, or remuage, has been largely mechanized since the 1970s. When the wine is mature and ready for the market, the deposits are removed in a process called dégorgement. In this process, the cork is carefully pried off, allowing the internal pressure in the bottle to shoot…

  • Ride (film by Hunt [2014])

    Helen Hunt: …wrote, directed, and starred in Ride (2014), about a writer who follows her son to California when he drops out of college. In 2018 Hunt played a coach of a high-school girls’ volleyball team that is mourning the death of its star player in The Miracle Season, which was based…

  • Ride Across Lake Constance, The (play by Handke)

    Peter Handke: …Ritt über den Bodensee (1971; The Ride Across Lake Constance).

  • Ride Lonesome (film by Boetticher [1959])

    Budd Boetticher: Westerns: …of murder, while the intelligent Ride Lonesome (1959) featured the actor as a bounty hunter searching for his wife’s killer (Lee Van Cleef). Kennedy’s absence was notable on Westbound (1959), which was one of the series’ lesser entries. In 1960 the last picture in the cycle, Comanche Station, was released.…

  • ride sharing (transportation)

    mass transit: Alternative service concepts: …agencies and employers have subsidized vanpooling, ride sharing in 8- to 15-passenger vans provided by the sponsor. One worker is recruited to drive the van to and from work in return for free transportation and limited personal use of the van. Passengers pay a monthly fee to the sponsor. Van…

  • ride sharing

    mass transit: Alternative service concepts: …better parking arrangements to encourage carpooling, the sharing of auto rides by people who make similar or identical work trips. Car-pool vehicles are privately owned, the guideways (roads) are in place, drivers do not have to be compensated, and vehicle operating costs can be shared. On the other hand, carpoolers…

  • Ride the High Country (film by Peckinpah [1962])

    Ride the High Country, American western film, released in 1962, that was a revisionist take on the genre. It was the second movie by director Sam Peckinpah, and its embittered characters and realistic gunplay began to establish the formulas for which he became famous. Ex-lawman Steve Judd (played

  • Ride the Lightning (album by Metallica)

    Metallica: The band followed with Ride the Lightning (1984), an album that shattered notions of what defined heavy metal. With social and political themes that seemed more suited to art rock, Ride the Lightning demonstrated that the band was willing to stretch the boundaries of heavy metal—perhaps most notably with…

  • Ride the Pink Horse (film by Montgomery)

    film noir: The cinema of the disenchanted: Blue Dahlia (1946), Robert Montgomery’s Ride the Pink Horse (1947), and John Cromwell’s Dead Reckoning (1947), share the common story line of a war veteran who returns home to find that the way of life for which he has been fighting no longer exists. In its place is the America…

  • Ride the Tiger (album by Yo La Tengo)

    Yo La Tengo: …Yo La Tengo’s debut album, Ride the Tiger (1986). Schramm and Lewis departed before recording began on the band’s sophomore release, New Wave Hot Dogs (1987), featuring Kaplan on lead guitar and Stephan Wichnewski on bass. By the time President Yo La Tengo (1989) was released, the band’s sound had…

  • Ride This Night! (work by Moberg)

    Vilhelm Moberg: …oppression, Rid i natt! (1941; Ride This Night!), in which he dramatizes the necessity of men acting in the cause of freedom and justice.

  • Ride, Sally (American astronaut)

    Sally Ride, American astronaut, the first American woman to travel into outer space. Only two other women preceded her: Valentina Tereshkova (1963) and Svetlana Savitskaya (1982), both from the former Soviet Union. Ride showed great early promise as a tennis player, but she eventually gave up her

  • Ride, Sally Kristen (American astronaut)

    Sally Ride, American astronaut, the first American woman to travel into outer space. Only two other women preceded her: Valentina Tereshkova (1963) and Svetlana Savitskaya (1982), both from the former Soviet Union. Ride showed great early promise as a tennis player, but she eventually gave up her

  • Rideau Canal (canal, Ontario, Canada)

    Rideau Canal, inland waterway between the Canadian capital of Ottawa and Lake Ontario at Kingston, Ont. Completed in 1832, the 200-km (125-mile) canal uses both the Rideau and Cataraqui rivers and a series of lakes, including Upper Rideau Lake at its summit, to create its waterway. Built as a

  • Ridenhour, Carlton (American rapper)

    Rachel Maddow: …Unfiltered with Lizz Winstead and Chuck D. After that show’s cancellation in 2005, she was given her own, self-titled weekday show, which aired originally for one hour and later for two. She quickly built her reputation as an issue-oriented, fair-minded, left-leaning “policy wonk.” While continuing her radio work, in 2005…

  • Ridenhour, Ronald L. (American journalist)

    Ronald L. Ridenhour, American journalist whose investigation of the 1968 massacre of some 500 Vietnamese civilians at My Lai by U.S. troops led to public disclosure of the massacre in 1969 and the subsequent trial of some of the Americans involved; the incident shocked the public and reduced

  • rider (document)

    insurance: Special riders: The insured may, at a nominal charge, attach to the contract a waiver-of-premium rider under which premium payments will be waived in the event of total and permanent disability before the age of 60. Under the disability income rider, should the insured become totally…

  • Rider College (university, Lawrenceville, New Jersey, United States)

    Rider University, private, coeducational institution of higher learning in Lawrenceville, New Jersey, U.S. It includes colleges of Business Administration, Liberal Arts, Education, Sciences, and Continuing Studies. It also includes a music school, Westminster Choir College, at nearby Princeton, New

  • Rider on the White Horse, The (work by Storm)

    Theodor Woldsen Storm: …greatest novella, Der Schimmelreiter (1888; The Rider on the White Horse [also published as The Dykemaster]), which, with its forceful hero and terse, objective style, shows vivid imagination and great narrative verve. Among his other major works are the charming story Pole Poppensp?ler (1874), the historical novella Aquis submersus (1875),…

  • Rider University (university, Lawrenceville, New Jersey, United States)

    Rider University, private, coeducational institution of higher learning in Lawrenceville, New Jersey, U.S. It includes colleges of Business Administration, Liberal Arts, Education, Sciences, and Continuing Studies. It also includes a music school, Westminster Choir College, at nearby Princeton, New

  • Rider, Lucy Jane (American social worker and educator)

    Lucy Jane Rider Meyer, American social worker and educator whose activity within the Methodist church was aimed at training and organizing workers to provide health and social services for the poor, the elderly, and children. Lucy Rider attended public schools and the New Hampton Literary

  • Riders of the Purple Sage (novel by Grey)
  • Riders to the Sea (one-act play by Synge)

    Riders to the Sea, one-act play by John Millington Synge, published in 1903 and produced in 1904. Riders to the Sea is set in the Aran Islands off the west coast of Ireland and is based on a tale Synge heard there. It won critical acclaim as one of dramatic literature’s greatest one-act plays. The

  • Riders, The (novel by Winton)

    Tim Winton: …time his international best seller The Riders (1995) was short-listed for the Booker Prize, Winton had become Australia’s most successful author since Nobel Prize laureate Patrick White.

  • ridge (landform)

    Mercury: Basin and surrounding region: …smooth plains that are extensively ridged and fractured in a prominent radial and concentric pattern. The largest ridges are a few hundred kilometres long, about 3 km (2 miles) wide, and less than 300 metres (1,000 feet) high. More than 200 fractures that are comparable to the ridges in size…

  • ridge and swale (topography)

    continental shelf: …a gently rolling topography called ridge and swale. Continental shelves make up about 8 percent of the entire area covered by oceans.

  • Ridge and Valley (region, United States)

    Ridge and Valley, physiographic province, part of the Appalachian Highlands in the eastern United States. It is bordered on the east by the Blue Ridge and Piedmont provinces and on the west by the Appalachian Plateau. As its name implies, the province is a series of alternating ridges and valleys

  • ridge push (geology)

    plate tectonics: Mantle convection: …(the Mid-Atlantic Ridge), known as ridge push, in the Atlantic Ocean. This push is caused by gravitational force, and it exists because the ridge occurs at a higher elevation than the rest of the ocean floor. As rocks near the ridge cool, they become denser, and gravity pulls them away…

  • ridge, oceanic (geology)

    Oceanic ridge, continuous submarine mountain chain extending approximately 80,000 km (50,000 miles) through all the world’s oceans. Individually, ocean ridges are the largest features in ocean basins. Collectively, the oceanic ridge system is the most prominent feature on Earth’s surface after the

  • Ridge, Thomas Joseph (American politician)

    Tom Ridge, American politician who was governor of Pennsylvania (1995–2001) and who later served as the first director of the Office of Homeland Security (2001–03) and the first secretary of the Department of Homeland Security (2003–05). Ridge earned a scholarship to Harvard University (B.S.,

  • Ridge, Tom (American politician)

    Tom Ridge, American politician who was governor of Pennsylvania (1995–2001) and who later served as the first director of the Office of Homeland Security (2001–03) and the first secretary of the Department of Homeland Security (2003–05). Ridge earned a scholarship to Harvard University (B.S.,

  • ridge-ridge transform fault (geology)

    submarine fracture zone: …plates and is called a ridge–ridge transform fault. The differential movement along a transform fault agrees with the fault motions determined by seismic analyses. Differential movement and earthquakes do not occur beyond an offset because the seafloor areas on both sides of the fracture zone in such localities are parts…

  • ridged field cultivation (agriculture)

    Terrace cultivation, method of growing crops on sides of hills or mountains by planting on graduated terraces built into the slope. Though labour-intensive, the method has been employed effectively to maximize arable land area in variable terrains and to reduce soil erosion and water loss. In most

  • ridged green snake

    green snake: aestivus), often called vine snake, is about 75 cm (23 inches) long.

  • ridgepole (architecture)

    construction: Primitive building: the Stone Age: …of columns to support a ridgepole and matching rows of columns along the long walls; rafters were run from the ridgepole to the wall beams. The lateral stability of the frame was achieved by burying the columns deep in the ground; the ridgepole and rafters were then tied to the…

  • Ridgeville (Illinois, United States)

    Evanston, city, Cook county, northeastern Illinois, U.S. It lies on Lake Michigan, 13 miles (21 km) north of downtown Chicago. Illinois and later Potawatomi Indians were early inhabitants of the area. French explorers passed through the area in the 17th century and called it Grosse Pointe. In a

  • Ridgewood (New Jersey, United States)

    Ridgewood, village, Bergen county, northeastern New Jersey, U.S. It lies along the Saddle River, 5 miles (8 km) northeast of Paterson, New Jersey. Dutch farmers settled in the area in the late 1600s. The village’s Old Paramus Reformed Church, built about 1800 and remodeled in 1875, is on the site

  • Ridgway ware (pottery)

    Ridgway ware, type of Staffordshire pottery first produced by the brothers Job and George Ridgway in 1792 at the Bell Works at Shelton, Hanley, North Staffordshire, Eng. Despite family tensions, the Ridgways continued to produce their high-quality earthenware with blue printed designs well into

  • Ridgway, Gary (American serial killer)

    Gary Ridgway, American criminal who was the country’s deadliest convicted serial killer. He claimed to have killed as many as 80 women—many of whom were prostitutes—in Washington during the 1980s and ’90s, although he pled guilty (2003) to only 48 murders. Ridgway grew up in what became SeaTac,

  • Ridgway, Gary Leon (American serial killer)

    Gary Ridgway, American criminal who was the country’s deadliest convicted serial killer. He claimed to have killed as many as 80 women—many of whom were prostitutes—in Washington during the 1980s and ’90s, although he pled guilty (2003) to only 48 murders. Ridgway grew up in what became SeaTac,

  • Ridgway, George (British potter)

    ironstone china: Job and George Ridgway made a similar product under the name stone china. The wares, usually service pieces and vases based on Oriental shapes, were most often decorated with painted Chinese and Japanese motifs, some of which were executed by transfer printing. An ironstone china called graniteware,…

  • Ridgway, Job (British potter)

    ironstone china: Job and George Ridgway made a similar product under the name stone china. The wares, usually service pieces and vases based on Oriental shapes, were most often decorated with painted Chinese and Japanese motifs, some of which were executed by transfer printing. An ironstone china…

  • Ridgway, Matthew Bunker (United States general)

    Matthew Bunker Ridgway, U.S. Army officer who planned and executed the first major airborne assault in U.S. military history with the attack on Sicily (July 1943). A 1917 graduate of the United States Military Academy at West Point, New York, Ridgway was assigned as an instructor at the academy

  • Ridi Vihara (monastery, Sri Lanka)

    Kurunegala: …northeast of the town lies Ridi Vihara, the “silver monastery,” which was founded (100 bce) on the site of a vein of silver. Pop. (2007 est.) 30,324.

  • Ridin’ the Moon in Texas (poetry by Shange)

    Ntozake Shange: …included Nappy Edges (1978) and Ridin’ the Moon in Texas (1987). She also published the novels Sassafrass, Cypress & Indigo (1982), about the diverging lives of three sisters and their mother; the semiautobiographical Betsey Brown (1985); and Liliane: Resurrection of the Daughter (1994), a coming-of-age story about a wealthy black…

  • riding

    Horsemanship, the art of riding, handling, and training horses. Good horsemanship requires that a rider control the animal’s direction, gait, and speed with maximum effectiveness and minimum efforts. Horsemanship evolved, of necessity, as the art of riding with maximum discernment and a minimum of

  • Riding High (film by Capra [1950])

    Frank Capra: The 1950s and beyond: …film of the 1950s was Riding High (1950), an uninspired musical remake of Broadway Bill that featured Bing Crosby, as did Here Comes the Groom (1951). After failing to get the romantic comedy Roman Holiday off the ground (it was ultimately made by Wyler in 1953), Capra did not make…

  • Riding Mountain National Park (national park, Manitoba, Canada)

    Manitoba: Sports and recreation: Manitoba has one national park, Riding Mountain, and numerous provincial parks.

  • Riding with the King (album by Clapton and King)

    Eric Clapton: …a pair of Grammy-winning collaborations: Riding with the King (2000) with blues legend B.B. King and The Road to Escondido (2006) with roots guitarist J.J. Cale. The critical and commercial success of these albums solidified his stature as one of the world’s greatest rock musicians, and subsequent releases, such as…

  • Riding, Laura (American poet and critic)

    Laura Riding, American poet, critic, and prose writer who was influential among the literary avant-garde during the 1920s and ’30s. From 1918 to 1921 Riding attended Cornell University, Ithaca, N.Y., and soon her poetry began to gain attention. Early on she came to be associated with the Fugitives,

  • Ridler, Anne (British writer)

    Anne Ridler, English poet and dramatist noted for her devotional poetry and for verse drama that shows the influence of the later work of T.S. Eliot. Ridler was born into a literary family; her father, Henry Bradby, was a poet and editor, and her mother, Violet Milford, was the author of children’s

  • Ridley of Liddesdale, Nicholas Ridley, Baron (British politician)

    Nicholas Ridley Ridley of Liddesdale, BARON, British politician (born Feb. 17, 1929, Newcastle upon Tyne, England—died March 4, 1993, near Cheltenham, Gloucestershire, England), was a staunch supporter of free-market economic policies and one of Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher’s closest p

  • Ridley, Henry Nicholas (British botanist)

    Henry Nicholas Ridley, English botanist who was largely responsible for establishing the rubber industry in the Malay Peninsula. After receiving a science degree at Exeter College, Oxford, in 1877, Ridley took a botanical post at the British Museum. He remained there until 1888, when he went to

  • Ridley, Nicholas (English bishop)

    Nicholas Ridley, Protestant martyr, one of the finest academic minds in the early English Reformation. Ridley attended Pembroke Hall, Cambridge, and was ordained a priest (c. 1524). After a period of study in France, he returned to Cambridge, where he settled down to a scholarly career. About 1534

  • Ridley, Sir Nicholas Harold Lloyd (British ophthalmologist)

    Sir Harold Lloyd Ridley, British ophthalmologist (born July 10, 1906, Kibworth Harcourt, Leicestershire, Eng.—died May 25, 2001, Salisbury, Wiltshire, Eng.), devised the first successful artificial intraocular lens (IOL) transplant surgery for cataract patients. During World War II, Ridley o

  • Ridolfi Plot (English history)

    Elizabeth I: Religious questions and the fate of Mary, Queen of Scots: …her life, known as the Ridolfi Plot. Both threats were linked at least indirectly to Mary, Queen of Scots, who had been driven from her own kingdom in 1568 and had taken refuge in England. The presence, more prisoner than guest, of the woman whom the Roman Catholic Church regarded…

  • Ridolfi, Roberto (Italian conspirator)

    Roberto Ridolfi, Florentine conspirator who attempted in 1570–71 to overthrow Queen Elizabeth I of England in favour of Mary Stuart, Queen of Scots, who then was to be married to Thomas Howard, 4th Duke of Norfolk. Ridolfi intended to secure these results by the murder of Elizabeth and a Spanish

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