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  • Serov (Russia)

    Serov, city, Sverdlovsk oblast (region), western Russia. It lies along the Kakva River, a tributary of the Sosva River. The city developed in the 1890s into the largest pre-Revolutionary ironworking centre in the Ural Mountains, producing rails for the Trans-Siberian Railroad. Today, with a large,

  • Serov, Valentin Aleksandrovich (Russian artist)

    Valentin Aleksandrovich Serov, Russian artist whose works reflect a turning point in the style and weltanschauung of Russian art in the late 19th and early 20th centuries as well as the shift from realism by way of Impressionism to Art Nouveau. Serov himself seemed to manifest the link between

  • serovar (biology)

    bacteria: Biotypes of bacteria: …thousands of different strains (called serovars, for serological variants), which differ from one another mainly or solely in the antigenic identity of their lipopolysaccharide, flagella, or capsule. Different serovars of enteric bacteria—such as E. coli and Salmonella enterica, for example—are often found to be associated with the ability to inhabit…

  • Serovo culture (anthropology)

    Stone Age: Asian cultures: (2) Serovo, characterized by thinner pottery, decorated by dentate stamping, boss, pit, and net impressions and by stone inventory of more regular forms; reinforced bows with bone backing and fish effigies of stone appear. A marked increase of population is indicated by settlements covering hundreds of…

  • serow (mammal)

    Serow, (genus Capricornis), goatlike mammal that ranges from Japan and Taiwan to western India, through eastern China, Southeast Asia, and the Himalayan region. Serows belong either to the tribe Rupicaprini (goat antelopes) or, according to another view, to their own tribe (Naemorhedini), of the

  • Serowe (Botswana)

    Serowe, village, east-central Botswana. It lies southwest of Bulawayo, Zimbabwe, and 30 miles (50 km) northwest of the Cape-to-Zimbabwe railway. Most of the country’s inhabitants live in large centralized villages of from 500 to 25,000 inhabitants. Serowe, the largest of these, is the traditional

  • Serpa (Brazil)

    Itacoatiara, city and river port, northeastern Amazonas estado (state), northwestern Brazil. Formerly known as Serpa, the settlement lies on the left (north) bank of the Amazon River, downstream from its junction with the Madeira River and approximately 110 miles (180 km) east of Manaus, the state

  • Serpa Pinto (Angola)

    Menongue, town, southeastern Angola. It was originally named for Alexandre Alberto da Rocha de Serpa Pinto, a late 19th-century Portuguese explorer of the interior of southern Africa. Located on the Cuebe River (a tributary of the Okavango [Kubango] River) at an elevation of 4,462 feet (1,360

  • Serpa Pinto, Alexandre Alberto da Rocha de (Portuguese explorer)

    Alexandre Alberto da Rocha de Serpa Pinto, Portuguese explorer and colonial administrator who crossed southern and central Africa on a difficult expedition and mapped the interior of the continent. Serpa Pinto went to eastern Africa in 1869 on an exploration of the Zambezi River. Eight years later

  • Serpens (constellation)

    Serpens, (Latin: “Serpent”) the only constellation divided into two parts, Serpens Caput (Latin: “Head of the Serpent”) and Serpens Cauda (Latin: “Tail of the Serpent”). The two parts represent the serpent held by the constellation of Ophiuchus. Serpens Caput is located at about 16 hours right

  • serpent (musical instrument)

    Serpent, in music, a bass wind instrument sounded by the vibration of the lips against a cup mouthpiece. It was probably invented in 1590 by Edme Guillaume, a French canon of Auxerre, as an improvement on bass versions of the closely related cornett. It is made of wood in a serpentine curve 7 to 8

  • serpent (reptile)

    Snake, (suborder Serpentes), any of more than 3,400 species of reptiles distinguished by their limbless condition and greatly elongated body and tail. Classified with lizards in the order Squamata, snakes represent a lizard that, over the course of evolution, has undergone structural reduction,

  • Serpent (constellation)

    Serpens, (Latin: “Serpent”) the only constellation divided into two parts, Serpens Caput (Latin: “Head of the Serpent”) and Serpens Cauda (Latin: “Tail of the Serpent”). The two parts represent the serpent held by the constellation of Ophiuchus. Serpens Caput is located at about 16 hours right

  • Serpent and the Rope, The (novel by Rao)

    Raja Rao: ” Rao’s second novel, The Serpent and the Rope (1960), is an autobiographical account of the narrator, a young intellectual Brahman, and his wife seeking spiritual truth in India, France, and England. The novel takes Rao’s first marriage and its disintegration as its subject. More broadly, it investigates the…

  • Serpent Bearer (constellation)

    Ophiuchus, (Latin: “Serpent Bearer”) constellation at about 17 hours right ascension and on the celestial equator in declination. Its brightest star is Rasalhague (from the Arabic for “the head of the serpent collector”), with a magnitude of 2.1. This constellation contains Barnard’s Star, the

  • Serpent d’Océan (work by Huang)

    Huang Yong Ping: …River near Nantes, France, for Serpent d’océan (2012); appeared as the key work in his 2014 retrospective Baton Serpent at Rome’s National Museum of XXI Century Arts (MAXXI); and turned up in the installation Empires for the monthlong 2016 Monumenta exhibit. For the latter installation, Huang arranged 305 brightly coloured…

  • serpent eagle (bird)

    eagle: The serpent eagles, or snake eagles, Spilornis (six species, subfamily Circaetinae), eat mostly snakes, including large poisonous ones. They occur in Asia. Other birds called serpent eagles, notably the long-tailed members of the genera Dryotriorchis (e.g., African serpent eagle) and Eutriorchis (e.g., the endangered Madagascar serpent…

  • Serpent Mound (earthwork, Ohio, United States)

    Native American art: Midwest and Great Plains: The Serpent Mound in Ohio is an example of this custom. Truncated pyramids served as large bases for wooden temples, now long vanished but still in use when Spanish explorers first entered the region. Monks Mound, dominating the Cahokia Mounds, near Collinsville, Ill., is the largest…

  • serpent star (class of echinoderms)

    Brittle star, any of the 2,100 living species of marine invertebrates constituting the subclass Ophiuroidea (phylum Echinodermata). Their long, thin arms—usually five and often forked and spiny—are distinctly set off from the small disk-shaped body. The arms readily break off but soon regrow—i.e.,

  • Serpentes (reptile)

    Snake, (suborder Serpentes), any of more than 3,400 species of reptiles distinguished by their limbless condition and greatly elongated body and tail. Classified with lizards in the order Squamata, snakes represent a lizard that, over the course of evolution, has undergone structural reduction,

  • serpentina

    bullfighting: Act one: …of this last maneuver (the serpentina) transfixes the bull in place, at which point the bullfighter can actually turn his back on the animal and walk away.

  • serpentine (firearms device)

    matchlock: …an S-shaped arm, called a serpentine, that held a match, and a trigger device that lowered the serpentine so that the lighted match would fire the priming powder in the pan attached to the side of the barrel. The flash in the pan penetrated a small port in the breech…

  • serpentine (mineral)

    Serpentine, any of a group of hydrous magnesium-rich silicate minerals. The composition of these common rock-forming minerals approximates Mg3Si2O5(OH)4. Serpentine generally occurs in three polymorphs: chrysotile, a fibrous variety used as asbestos; antigorite, a variety occurring in either

  • Serpentine Dance

    Loie Fuller: …for her invention of the “Serpentine Dance,” a striking variation on the popular “skirt dances” of the day.

  • Serpentine Gallery Pavilion (art installation, London, United Kingdom)

    Sou Fujimoto: …was chosen to design the Serpentine Gallery Pavilion in Kensington Gardens in London, a temporary structure commissioned by the gallery. He created an ethereal, semitransparent grid of white steel tubes that merged with the landscape, at once cloudlike and formal in its composition. The multitiered space urged the organic flow…

  • serpentine locomotion (zoology)

    locomotion: Serpentine locomotion: In serpentine locomotion, in which the body is thrown into a series of sinuous curves, the movements appear identical to those of anguilliform swimming, but the similarity is more apparent than real. Unlike anguilliform swimming, when a snake starts to move, the entire…

  • serpentine powder (gunpowder)

    military technology: Serpentine powder: The earliest gunpowder was made by grinding the ingredients separately and mixing them together dry. This was known as serpentine. The behaviour of serpentine was highly variable, depending on a number of factors that were difficult to predict and control. If packed too…

  • serpentine verse (poetry)

    Serpentine verse, in poetry, a line of verse beginning and ending with the same word, as in the first line of Alfred, Lord Tennyson’s “Frater Ave Atque Vale”: The term likens such verses to depictions of serpents with their tails in their

  • Serpentine, the (lake, Hyde Park, London, United Kingdom)

    Hyde Park: …Hyde Park portion is called the Serpentine. The lake is used for boating in the summer and skating in the winter. In the park’s northeastern corner, near Marble Arch, is Speakers’ Corner, which has long been a centre of free speech for soapbox orators. Also in the park are the…

  • Serpico (film by Lumet [1973])

    Dino De Laurentiis: …films as the crime drama Serpico (1973)—the rights to which he acquired when the biography upon which it was based was only a 20-page draft—Death Wish (1974), Three Days of the Condor (1975), and King Kong (1976), as well as Ragtime (1981), a critically lauded adaptation of E.L. Doctorow

  • serpiente de oro, La (novel by Alegría)

    Ciro Alegría: …La serpiente de oro (1935; The Golden Serpent), which portrays the diverse human life to be found along the Mara?ón River in Peru. Los perros hambrientos (1938; “The Hungry Dogs”) describes the difficulties faced by the sheepherding Indians of the Peruvian highlands. The novel that is generally considered Alegría’s masterpiece…

  • Serpotta, Giacomo (Italian sculptor)

    Giacomo Serpotta, the outstanding member of a family of Sicilian sculptors and stucco workers. His methods for creating the illusion of perspective and his asymmetrical arrangements of two or more independent decorations proved highly influential to German artists of the Rococo period. In Palermo,

  • Serpuchov (Russia)

    Serpukhov, city, Moscow oblast (region), western Russia, on the Nara River at its confluence with the Oka. Founded in 1374 as a stronghold protecting Moscow from attack by the Tatars, who sacked it in 1382 and 1408, modern Serpukhov is a major textile (cotton and artificial silk) city; engineering

  • Serpukhov (Russia)

    Serpukhov, city, Moscow oblast (region), western Russia, on the Nara River at its confluence with the Oka. Founded in 1374 as a stronghold protecting Moscow from attack by the Tatars, who sacked it in 1382 and 1408, modern Serpukhov is a major textile (cotton and artificial silk) city; engineering

  • Serpukhovian Stage (geology and stratigraphy)

    Serpukhovian Stage, third of three internationally defined stages of the Mississippian Subsystem of the Carboniferous System, encompassing all rocks deposited during the Serpukhovian Age (330.9 million to 323.2 million years ago). The Serpukhovian is the shortest of the Carboniferous stages. The

  • Serpula (polychaete genus)

    annelid: Annotated classification: Eudistylia, Serpula, Hydroides. Order Archiannelida Minute, primitive, with ciliated epidermis; prostomium small, with or without appendages; parapodia absent; septa reduced or absent; size, minute. Contains 4 groups of poorly known species considered separate orders by some (Nerillida,

  • Serpulidae (polychaete family)

    feather-duster worm: …the closely related polychaete family Serpulidae. Sabellids live in long tubes constructed of mud or sand cemented by mucus, whereas serpulids build tubes of calcareous materials. The epithet feather-duster refers to the multicoloured crown of finely divided tentacles that are attached in two groups, one on either side of the…

  • Serqet (Egyptian goddess)

    Selket, in Egyptian mythology, goddess of the dead. Her symbolic animal was the scorpion. She was one of the underworld deities charged with protecting the canopic jar in which the intestines of the deceased were stored after

  • Serra da Canastra (mountains, Brazil)

    Canastra Mountains, mountain range on the Planalto Central (Brazilian Highlands) in western Minas Gerais estado (state), southeastern Brazil. Extending 150 miles (240 km) from the Goías state border in the north to the upper Grande River in the south, the Canastra Mountains rise to an average

  • Serra da Estrela (mountains, Portugal)

    Estrela Mountains, highest mountains in continental Portugal. The range lies in the north-central part of the country, between the basins of the Tagus and Mondego rivers. The western continuation of the Central Sierras (Sistema Central) of Spain, the range runs about 40 miles (65 km) from northeast

  • Serra da Mantiqueira (mountain range, Brazil)

    Mantiqueira Mountains, mountain range of eastern Brazil. It rises abruptly from the northwestern bank of the Paraíba do Sul River and extends northeastward for approximately 200 miles (320 km), reaching a height of 9,255 feet (2,821 metres) in the Pico (peak) das Agulhas Negras. The mountains,

  • Serra de Monchique (mountain range, Portugal)

    Monchique Mountains, low mountain range in southern Portugal, near Cape Saint Vincent, the southwestern extremity of the Iberian Peninsula. A dissected igneous rock (syenite) massif, its highest point is Foia (2,960 ft [902 m]). The range is famous for its wild and generally varied plant life, as

  • Serra de Sintra (mountain range, Portugal)

    Sintra Mountains, mountain range, Lisboa distrito (“district”), western Portugal. It extends about 10 miles (16 km) from the resort of Sintra to the Cape da Roca on the Atlantic Ocean, reaching its highest point (1,736 feet [529 m]) just south of Sintra. The lush vegetation (both Mediterranean and

  • Serra do Espinha?o (mountains, Brazil)

    Espinha?o Mountains, mountain range of Minas Gerais and Bahia states, eastern Brazil. Their peaks reach heights between 3,600 and 6,500 feet (1,100 and 2,000 metres). With the Diamantina Upland of Bahia state, they form the divide between the tributaries of the S?o Francisco River and the streams

  • Serra dos Parecis (mountains, Brazil)

    Parecis Mountains, mountains, Rond?nia and Mato Grosso estados (“states”), west-central Brazil. Rising out of the tropical rain forests of Rond?nia, near the Bolivian border, the range extends southeastward for 500 miles (800 km) to the vicinity of Diamantino in Mato Grosso. Its northwestern s

  • Serra Kanuku (mountains, Guyana)

    Guyana: Relief: …is bisected by the east–west-trending Kanuku Mountains.

  • Serra Pacaraima (mountains, South America)

    Pacaraima Mountains, central tabular upland of the Guiana Highlands in Brazil, Venezuela, and Guyana. The Pacaraima Mountains form the drainage divide between the Orinoco Valley to the north and the Amazon Basin to the south. Extending for 250 miles (400 km) in an east–west direction, the mountains

  • Serra Parima (mountains, South America)

    Parima Mountains, range in northern Brazil and southern Venezuela. It is an outlying range of the Guiana Highlands and extends south-southeastward for about 200 miles (320 km), separating Venezuela from Brazil. Its peaks, largely unexplored, reach an elevation of 5,000 feet (1,500 metres) above sea

  • Serra, José (Brazilian politician)

    Brazil: Brazil since 1990: …in the October poll were José Serra, Lula’s Social Democratic rival in the 2002 election, and Marina Silva of the Green Party. Rousseff won nearly half of the vote, but, because she fell short of a majority, she and the runner-up, Serra, met in a runoff in October, which Rousseff…

  • Serra, Richard (American artist)

    Richard Serra, American sculptor who is best known for his large-scale abstract steel sculptures, whose substantial presence forces viewers to engage with the physical qualities of the works and their particular sites. Like other minimalists of his generation, Serra steered clear of art as metaphor

  • Serra, St. Junípero (Spanish Franciscan missionary)

    St. Junípero Serra, ; canonized September 23, 2015; feast day July 1), Spanish Franciscan priest whose missionary work among the Indians of North America earned him the title of Apostle of California. In 2015 he became the first saint of the Roman Catholic Church to be canonized in the United

  • Sérrai (Greece)

    Sérrai, city and dímos (municipality), periféreia (region) of Central Macedonia (Modern Greek: Kendrikí Makedonía), northern Greece. Sérrai is situated on the east bank of the fertile agricultural valley of the Struma (Strymónas) River. The town was fortified by Byzantine emperors in their efforts

  • Serraillier, Ian (English author)

    children's literature: Contemporary times: Children’s vese by Ian Serraillier, Ted Hughes, James Reeves, and the later Eleanor Farjeon, excellent though it was, did not speak with the master tones of a de la Mare or the precise simplicity of a Stevenson. In science fiction one would have expected more of a boom;…

  • Serranellus subligarius (fish)

    sea bass: Certain species, such as the belted sandfish (Serranellus subligarius) of Florida, are hermaphroditic (male and female reproductive organs in one animal). Others, such as the groupers, may mature as one sex and later change to the other.

  • Serranía de Perijá (mountains, South America)

    Mountains of Perijá, mountain chain, the northward extension of the Andean Cordillera Oriental, forming part of the border between Colombia and Venezuela. The range extends for 190 miles (306 km) from the vicinity of Oca?a, Colombia, northward to the Guajira Peninsula. Its crest line rises to

  • Serranidae (fish)

    Sea bass, (family Serranidae), any of the numerous fishes of the family Serranidae (order Perciformes), most of which are marine, found in the shallower regions of warm and tropical seas. The family includes about 475 species, many of them well-known food and sport fishes. Although the term sea

  • Serrano (people)

    Serrano, North American Indian group speaking a Uto-Aztecan language and originally inhabiting a mountainous region of what is now southern California. Serrano means “mountain dweller” in Spanish. One band, the Kitanemuk, lived in the Kern and San Joaquin river basins; another band, the Vanyume,

  • Serrano Sú?er, Ramón (Spanish political leader)

    José María Gil Robles: …adherents followed his youth leader Ramón Serrano Sú?er into the Falange. He remained chief opposition spokesman in the Cortes, but was increasingly eclipsed there by the monarchist José Calvo Sotelo. He was an intended victim of the plot responsible for Calvo Sotelo’s murder (July 1936). Soon after the outbreak of…

  • Serrano y Domínguez, Francisco, duque de la Torre (regent of Spain)

    Francisco Serrano y Domínguez, duke de la Torre, one of the chief military politicians of 19th-century Spain. He played an important part in the Revolution of 1868, which dethroned the Bourbon Spanish queen Isabella II. Serrano joined the army at the age of 12 and fought with the forces of Isabella

  • Serrano, Andres (American photographer)

    Andres Serrano, American photographer whose Piss Christ (1987), an image of a crucifix submerged in urine, resulted in a storm of controversy and was a central element in the so-called culture wars of the late 1980s and 1990s. The piece and others of a similar confrontational nature caused a

  • Serráo, Francisco (Portuguese explorer)

    Ferdinand Magellan: Early life: …Portuguese explorer, his close friend Francisco Serr?o. (Serr?o, possibly a relative of Magellan’s, had sailed with Magellan to India in 1505.) Magellan attempted to return to Portugal afterward but was unsuccessful. At a council held at Cochin on October 10, 1510, to decide on plans for retaking Goa—which the Portuguese…

  • Serrasalmus nattereri (fish)

    piranha: The most infamous is the red-bellied piranha (Pygocentrus nattereri), with the strongest jaws and sharpest teeth of all. Especially during low water, this species, which can grow up to 50 cm (about 20 inches) in length, hunts in groups that can number more than 100. Several groups can converge in…

  • Serrati, Giacinto (Italian politician)

    Italy: Economic and political crisis: the two red years: …wing, a faction led by Giacinto Serrati that abandoned the Socialists’ prewar and wartime reformist policy for a more radical approach, and by the New Order (Ordine Nuovo) group of intellectuals based in Turin around Antonio Gramsci. These Socialists continually proclaimed the need for revolution and their desire to “do…

  • serratus muscle (anatomy)

    muscle: Tetrapod musculature: …blade) to the body: the serratus, made up of numerous fingerlike slips running from the scapula to the neighbouring ribs, and the levator scapulae, which are fused with serratus along its caudal (tail-end) border. Levator scapulae consist of fibres running more anteriorly to ribs or transverse processes of the neck.…

  • Serrault, Michel (French actor)

    Michel Serrault, French actor (born Jan. 24, 1928, Brunnoy, France—died July 29, 2007, Honfleur, France), appeared in more than 130 motion pictures over a 50-year career, but he won the hearts of fans worldwide (and the first of three César Awards for best actor) for his portrayal of the flamboyant

  • Serravalle (San Marino, Europe)

    Serravalle, town in the northeastern part of the Republic of San Marino. Serravalle is located on the Ausa Stream at an elevation of 485 feet (148 m) above sea level. It is the manufacturing centre of the republic and has industries producing textiles, ceramics, and metalwork. Serravalle was given

  • Serravallian Stage (stratigraphy)

    Serravallian Stage, division of middle Miocene rocks, representing all rocks deposited worldwide during the Serravallian Age (13.8 million to 11.6 million years ago) of the Neogene Period (23 million to 2.6 million years ago). The Serravallian Stage is named for outcrops in the vicinity of

  • Serre, Jean-Pierre (French mathematician)

    Jean-Pierre Serre, French mathematician who was awarded the Fields Medal in 1954 for his work in algebraic topology. In 2003 he was awarded the first Abel Prize by the Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters. Serre attended the école Normale Supérieure (1945–48) and the Sorbonne (Ph.D.; 1951),

  • Serres (Greece)

    Sérrai, city and dímos (municipality), periféreia (region) of Central Macedonia (Modern Greek: Kendrikí Makedonía), northern Greece. Sérrai is situated on the east bank of the fertile agricultural valley of the Struma (Strymónas) River. The town was fortified by Byzantine emperors in their efforts

  • Sérres (Greece)

    Sérrai, city and dímos (municipality), periféreia (region) of Central Macedonia (Modern Greek: Kendrikí Makedonía), northern Greece. Sérrai is situated on the east bank of the fertile agricultural valley of the Struma (Strymónas) River. The town was fortified by Byzantine emperors in their efforts

  • Serrivomeridae (fish)

    eel: Annotated classification: Family Serrivomeridae (sawtooth snipe eels) Jaws moderately extended; bladelike teeth on vomer bones. 2 genera with about 10 species. Bathypelagic, worldwide. Family Colocongridae (shorttail eels) 1 genus, Coloconger, with about 5 species. Marine; Atlantic, Indian and western Pacific oceans. Family

  • SERRV (nonprofit organization)

    fair trade: History: …1949 a nonprofit organization called SERRV (Sales Exchange for Refugee Rehabilitation and Vocations) was established in the United States by the Church of the Brethren to form trade relationships with poor communities in South America. The first formal fair trade shop in the United States, where goods from SERRV and…

  • Sert i Badia, Josep Maria (Catalan painter)

    Josep Maria Sert, Catalan painter whose modern Baroque murals achieved international recognition. His work adorns the walls of buildings including the assembly hall of the League of Nations (Geneva), the RCA Building in Rockefeller Center, and the Waldorf-Astoria Hotel (both in New York City). With

  • Sert y Badía, José María (Catalan painter)

    Josep Maria Sert, Catalan painter whose modern Baroque murals achieved international recognition. His work adorns the walls of buildings including the assembly hall of the League of Nations (Geneva), the RCA Building in Rockefeller Center, and the Waldorf-Astoria Hotel (both in New York City). With

  • Sert, José Luis (American architect)

    José Luis Sert, Spanish-born American architect noted for his work in city planning and urban development. After graduation from the School of Architecture, Barcelona (1929), Sert worked with Le Corbusier and Pierre Jeanneret in Paris. From 1929 to 1937 he had his own architectural office in

  • Sert, Josep Maria (Catalan painter)

    Josep Maria Sert, Catalan painter whose modern Baroque murals achieved international recognition. His work adorns the walls of buildings including the assembly hall of the League of Nations (Geneva), the RCA Building in Rockefeller Center, and the Waldorf-Astoria Hotel (both in New York City). With

  • Serta language (language)

    calligraphy: Spread of Aramaic to the Middle East and Asia: The western branch was called Serta and developed into two varieties, Jacobite and Melchite. Vigorous in pen graphics, Serta writing shows that, unlike the early Aramaic and Hebrew scripts, characters are fastened to a bottom horizontal. Modern typefaces used to print Syriac, which has survived as a language, have the…

  • sert?o (region, Brazil)

    Sert?o, (Portuguese: “backwoods,” or “bush”), dry interior region of northeastern Brazil that is largely covered with caatingas (scrubby upland forests). Sert?o is also used to refer to the sparsely populated wilderness beyond areas of permanent settlement and may be equated with the Canadian

  • Sert?o, Porta do (Brazil)

    Campina Grande, city, eastern Paraíba estado (state), northeastern Brazil. It is situated in the Bacamarte Mountains at 1,804 feet (550 metres) above sea level. Located on the site of an Ariú Indian village, it was originally called Porta do Sert?o (“Gateway to the Desert”). Made a village in 1766,

  • sert?es, Os (work by Cunha)

    Brazil: The coffee presidents: …historical narrative, Os Sert?es (1902; Rebellion in the Backlands), described a bloody struggle between government forces and a group of messianic separatists in the untamed interior of Bahia state; against this tragic backdrop, Cunha reflected on the shortcomings of Brazilian society, including the pervasive divide between rural and urban traditions:…

  • Sertoli cell (anatomy)

    animal reproductive system: Testes: …epithelium containing spermatogenic cells and Sertoli cells, nutritive cells that have the heads of maturing sperm embedded in them. Seminiferous tubules may begin blindly at the tunic, or outermost tissue layer, and pass toward the centre, becoming tortuous before emptying into a system of collecting tubules, the rete testis. Such…

  • Sertorius (play by Corneille)

    Pierre Corneille: Years of declining power.: …one play a year, including Sertorius (performed 1662) and Attila (performed 1667), both of which contain an amount of violent and surprising incident.

  • Sertorius, Quintus (Roman statesman)

    Quintus Sertorius, Roman statesman and military commander who, defying the Roman Senate, became independent ruler of most of Spain for eight years. After acquiring some reputation in Rome as a jurist and orator, Sertorius fought in Gaul against the invading Cimbri and Teutons (105 and 102) and in

  • serum (biochemistry)

    Serum, the portion of plasma remaining after coagulation of blood, during which process the plasma protein fibrinogen is converted to fibrin and remains behind in the clot. Antiserum, which is prepared from the blood of animals or humans that have been exposed to a disease and have developed

  • serum albumin (protein)

    Serum albumin, protein found in blood plasma that helps maintain the osmotic pressure between the blood vessels and tissues. Serum albumin accounts for 55 percent of the total protein in blood plasma. Circulating blood tends to force fluid out of the blood vessels and into the tissues, where it

  • serum globulin (biochemistry)

    digestive system disease: Cirrhosis: …blood plasma) and increases in serum globulin (a specific group of proteins found in blood plasma and including immunoglobulins). Although other tests may also be abnormal in patients with acute liver disease, serum albumin levels are usually not reduced in the acute stage of the disease because that protein is…

  • serum hepatitis (pathology)

    Hepatitis B, infectious disease of the liver, the causative agent of which is known as hepatitis B virus (HBV). The course and severity of illness associated with HBV infection varies widely. Some persons are asymptomatic, for example, whereas others experience acute illness and eliminate the virus

  • serum sickness (allergic reaction)

    Serum sickness, an allergic reaction to animal serum or antiserum injected into an individual’s blood to provide immunity against such illnesses as tetanus, botulism, and snake-venom poisoning. Symptoms include skin eruption, itching, swelling of the face and extremities, fever, joint pain and

  • serum total thyroxine (hormone)

    hyperthyroidism: Diagnosis of hyperthyroidism: …thyroxine can be measured as serum total thyroxine or free thyroxine; the latter is preferable because it is the form of thyroxine that is readily available to the cells of the body and, therefore, is metabolically active. Measurements of serum total thyroxine are high in patients with thyroid disease and…

  • serum, blood (biochemistry)

    Serum, the portion of plasma remaining after coagulation of blood, during which process the plasma protein fibrinogen is converted to fibrin and remains behind in the clot. Antiserum, which is prepared from the blood of animals or humans that have been exposed to a disease and have developed

  • Serunkuma, Saint Bruno (Ugandan saint)

    Martyrs of Uganda: The soldiers and officials Bruno Serunkuma, James Buzabaliawo, and Luke Banabakintu were martyred with them.

  • Sérusier, Louis-Paul-Henri (French painter)

    Paul Sérusier, French Post-Impressionist painter and theorist who was instrumental in the formation of the short-lived, but highly influential, late 19th-century art movement known as the Nabis. The group was noted for its expressive use of colour and pattern in the mode of Paul Gauguin. Sérusier’s

  • Sérusier, Paul (French painter)

    Paul Sérusier, French Post-Impressionist painter and theorist who was instrumental in the formation of the short-lived, but highly influential, late 19th-century art movement known as the Nabis. The group was noted for its expressive use of colour and pattern in the mode of Paul Gauguin. Sérusier’s

  • serva padrona, La (opera by Pergolesi)

    Giovanni Battista Pergolesi: …Pozzuoli), Italian composer whose intermezzo La serva padrona (“The Maid Turned Mistress”) was one of the most celebrated stage works of the 18th century.

  • serval (mammal)

    Serval, (Felis serval), long-limbed cat, family Felidae, found in Africa south of the Sahara, especially in grass- and bush-covered country near water. A swift, agile cat, the serval climbs and leaps very well. It is a nocturnal hunter preying on birds and small mammals such as rodents and hares.

  • servaline cat (mammal)

    serval: …individuals, which are known as servaline cats and were once considered a distinct species (Felis brachyura or servalina). All-black individuals are found in some populations, especially those from the high country of Kenya.

  • Servan-Schreiber, David (French neuroscientist and psychiatrist)

    David Servan-Schreiber, French neuroscientist and psychiatrist (born April 21, 1961, Neuilly-sur-Seine, France—died July 24, 2011, Fécamp, France), wrote best-selling books about alternative approaches to cancer treatment and his own 18-year fight against that disease, notably Guerir le stress,

  • Servan-Schreiber, Jean-Jacques (French journalist)

    Jean-Jacques Servan-Schreiber, French journalist and politician. Servan-Schreiber volunteered in the Free French Army forces of Charles de Gaulle as a fighter pilot in 1943 and received the Cross of Valor for his services. In 1947 he graduated from the école Polytechnique. After serving as foreign

  • Servando, Jean-Nicolas (French theatrical designer and architect)

    Giovanni Niccolò Servandoni, theatrical designer and architect famous for his Baroque stage sets and for his proto-Neoclassical plan for the facade of the Church of Saint-Sulpice in Paris (1732). Born to an Italian mother and a French father, Servandoni is considered a French artist, although his

  • Servandon, Jean-Nicolas (French theatrical designer and architect)

    Giovanni Niccolò Servandoni, theatrical designer and architect famous for his Baroque stage sets and for his proto-Neoclassical plan for the facade of the Church of Saint-Sulpice in Paris (1732). Born to an Italian mother and a French father, Servandoni is considered a French artist, although his

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