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  • seven sages (Greek sages)

    ethics: Ancient Greece: …and early philosophers as the seven sages, and they are frequently quoted with respect by Plato and Aristotle. Knowledge of the thought of this period is limited, for often only fragments of original writings, along with later accounts of dubious accuracy, remain.

  • Seven Sages of Rome, The (medieval anthology)

    short story: Proliferation of forms: …a format is found in The Seven Sages of Rome, a collection of stories so popular that nearly every European country had its own translation. The framing circumstance in The Seven Sages involves a prince condemned to death; his advocates (the seven sages) relate a new story each day, thereby…

  • Seven Sages of the Bamboo Grove (Chinese literary group)

    Seven Sages of the Bamboo Grove, a group of Chinese scholars and poets of the mid-3rd century ad who banded together to escape from the hypocrisy and danger of the political world of government officialdom to a life of drinking wine and writing verse in the country. Their retreat was typical of the

  • Seven Samurai (film by Kurosawa [1954])

    Seven Samurai, Japanese action film, released in 1954, that was cowritten and directed by Kurosawa Akira and is acclaimed as one of the greatest and most influential films ever made. Seven Samurai is set at the end of the 16th century and centres on an impoverished Japanese village that is at the

  • Seven Servants (film by Shokof [1997])

    Audra McDonald: …film debut in the drama Seven Servants (1997), playing an opera singer. Her third Tony was awarded for her stage role as Sarah in McNally’s musical Ragtime (1998).

  • Seven Servite Founders (Italian monks)

    Seven Holy Founders, ; canonized 1888; feast day February 17), the seven Italian saints who founded the Servite order in 1233. The Seven Holy Founders are Saints Bonfilius, Alexis Falconieri, John Bonagiunta, Benedict dell’Antella, Bartholomew Amidei, Gerard Sostegni, and Ricoverus Uguccione.

  • Seven Sisters (college organization)

    Seven Sisters, consortium of seven highly prestigious private institutions of higher education in the northeastern United States. At the time of the consortium’s inception, all of its members were women’s colleges. Its members include Barnard (affiliated with Columbia University), Bryn Mawr, Mount

  • Seven Sisters (astronomy)

    Pleiades, (catalog number M45), open cluster of young stars in the zodiacal constellation Taurus, about 440 light-years from the solar system. It contains a large amount of bright nebulous material and more than 1,000 stars, of which six or seven can be seen by the unaided eye and have figured

  • Seven Sleepers of Ephesus (Christianity)

    Seven Sleepers of Ephesus, the heroes of a famous legend that, because it affirmed the resurrection of the dead, had a lasting popularity in all Christendom and in Islam during the Middle Ages. According to the story, during the persecution of Christians (250 ce) under the Roman emperor Decius,

  • Seven Slips from the Bookbag of the Clouds (Chinese reference work)

    alchemy: Chinese alchemy: …to a collection known as Yün chi ch’i ch’ien (“Seven Tablets in a Cloudy Satchel”), which is dated 1023. Thus, sources on alchemy in China (as elsewhere) are compilations of much earlier writings.

  • Seven Storey Mountain (autobiography by Merton)

    Thomas Merton: …the publication of the autobiographical Seven Storey Mountain (1948), he gained an international reputation. His early works are strictly spiritual, but his writings of the early 1960s tend toward social criticism and touch on civil rights, nonviolence and pacifism, and the nuclear arms race. Many of his later works reveal…

  • Seven Streams of the River Ota, The (work by Lepage)

    Robert Lepage: Ex Machina: The company’s first production, The Seven Streams of the River Ota (1994), used the bombing of Hiroshima as a metaphor for contemporary problems such as AIDS. The play, set in the home of a Jewish Czech photographer living in Japan, revealed the story line through a series of flashbacks.…

  • Seven Thieves (film by Hathaway [1960])

    Henry Hathaway: Later work: …with the solid caper film Seven Thieves (1960), which was set in Monte Carlo and featured a strong cast that included Edward G. Robinson, Joan Collins, Rod Steiger, and Eli Wallach. North to Alaska (1960)—a gold-rush adventure that combined Wayne, action, and humour—was Hathaway’s biggest hit (and arguably his best

  • Seven Types of Ambiguity (critical work by Empson)

    Seven Types of Ambiguity, critical work by William Empson, published in 1930 and revised in 1947 and 1953. The book was influential as one of the foundations of the school of literary theory known as New Criticism. In Seven Types of Ambiguity Empson sought to enhance the reader’s understanding of a

  • Seven Types of Ambiguity: A Study of Its Effects on English Verse (critical work by Empson)

    Seven Types of Ambiguity, critical work by William Empson, published in 1930 and revised in 1947 and 1953. The book was influential as one of the foundations of the school of literary theory known as New Criticism. In Seven Types of Ambiguity Empson sought to enhance the reader’s understanding of a

  • seven up (card game)

    All fours, ancestor of a family of card games dating back to 17th-century England and first mentioned in The Complete Gamester of Charles Cotton in 1674. The face card formerly known as the knave owes its modern name of jack to this game. Originally, all fours was regarded as a lower-class game—it

  • seven virtues (theology)

    seven deadly sins: …can be overcome with the seven corresponding virtues of (1) humility, (2) charity, (3) chastity, (4) gratitude, (5) temperance, (6) patience, and (7) diligence.

  • Seven Viziers, The (story cycle)

    Seven Wise Masters, (“The Book of Sindbad”), a cycle of stories, presumably Indian in origin, that made its way through Middle Persian and Arabic into Western lore. In the frame story, an Oriental king entrusted the education of his son to a wise tutor named Sindbad (not to be confused with the

  • Seven Weeks’ War (1866)

    Seven Weeks’ War, (1866), war between Prussia on the one side and Austria, Bavaria, Saxony, Hanover, and certain minor German states on the other. It ended in a Prussian victory, which meant the exclusion of Austria from Germany. The issue was decided in Bohemia, where the principal Prussian armies

  • Seven Wise Masters (story cycle)

    Seven Wise Masters, (“The Book of Sindbad”), a cycle of stories, presumably Indian in origin, that made its way through Middle Persian and Arabic into Western lore. In the frame story, an Oriental king entrusted the education of his son to a wise tutor named Sindbad (not to be confused with the

  • Seven Wise Men (Greek sages)

    ethics: Ancient Greece: …and early philosophers as the seven sages, and they are frequently quoted with respect by Plato and Aristotle. Knowledge of the thought of this period is limited, for often only fragments of original writings, along with later accounts of dubious accuracy, remain.

  • Seven Wonders of the Ancient World

    Seven Wonders of the World, preeminent architectural and sculptural achievements of the ancient Mediterranean and Middle East, as listed by various observers. The best known are those of the 2nd-century-bce writer Antipater of Sidon and of a later but unknown observer of the 2nd century bce who

  • Seven Wonders of the World

    Seven Wonders of the World, preeminent architectural and sculptural achievements of the ancient Mediterranean and Middle East, as listed by various observers. The best known are those of the 2nd-century-bce writer Antipater of Sidon and of a later but unknown observer of the 2nd century bce who

  • Seven Words You Can Never Say on Television (monologue by Carlin)

    George Carlin: ), American comedian whose “Seven Words You Can Never Say on Television” routine led to a U.S. Supreme Court ruling that gave the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) the right to determine when to censor radio and TV broadcasts.

  • Seven Worthies of the Bamboo Grove (Chinese literary group)

    Seven Sages of the Bamboo Grove, a group of Chinese scholars and poets of the mid-3rd century ad who banded together to escape from the hypocrisy and danger of the political world of government officialdom to a life of drinking wine and writing verse in the country. Their retreat was typical of the

  • Seven Year Ache (album by Cash)

    Rosanne Cash: Cash’s follow-up album, Seven Year Ache (1981), was her breakthrough. It yielded three singles that topped the country charts: the title cut, the ballad “Blue Moon with Heartache,” and the bluegrass-inflected “My Baby Thinks He’s a Train.” The punk-rock-influenced Rhythm & Romance (1985) scored two more number one…

  • Seven Year Itch, The (film by Wilder [1955])

    The Seven Year Itch, American comedy film, released in 1955, that was an adaptation of a hit Broadway show of the same name and featured a memorable performance by Marilyn Monroe. Reprising his Broadway role, Tom Ewell played Richard Sherman, a middle-aged book editor whose wife and son are leaving

  • Seven Year Itch, The (play by Axelrod)

    Billy Wilder: Films of the 1950s: …Axelrod, the author of the play on which the film was based. Tom Ewell, reprising the role he had played onstage, starred as a middle-aged Manhattan book-publishing executive whose wife and son are away for the summer, leaving him free to fantasize about his seductive new upstairs neighbour (Marilyn Monroe…

  • Seven Years’ War (European history)

    Seven Years’ War, (1756–63), the last major conflict before the French Revolution to involve all the great powers of Europe. Generally, France, Austria, Saxony, Sweden, and Russia were aligned on one side against Prussia, Hanover, and Great Britain on the other. The war arose out of the attempt of

  • Seven Years’ War of the North (European history)

    Erik XIV: …war in 1563, initiating the Seven Years’ War of the North. The Swedish king led his forces with moderate effectiveness and was able to gain a stalemate with Denmark in the first years of the war. His fear of treason caused his judgment to break down in 1567, and he…

  • Seven, Group of (international organization)

    Group of Eight: The original Group of 7 (G7) responded by indefinitely suspending Russia’s membership in the group, effectively dissolving the larger G8.

  • Seven, Group of (Canadian artists)

    Group of Seven, Toronto-centred group of Canadian painters devoted to landscape painting (especially of northern Ontario subjects) and the creation of a national style. A number of future members met in 1913 while working as commercial artists in Toronto. The group adopted its name on the occasion

  • seven-a-side rugby (sport)

    rugby: Rugby sevens: Another popular form of rugby, a variation of rugby union, is rugby sevens. It is played on a standard-sized rugby union field but with only seven players on each side. At 15 minutes, the length of a rugby sevens match is also much…

  • seven-card stud (card game)

    poker: Seven-card stud: Each player is dealt two hole cards and a faceup card, and there is a betting interval. Then three more faceup cards and one final facedown card are dealt to each player, each of these four deals being followed by another betting interval.…

  • seven-note scale (music)

    Heptatonic scale, musical scale made up of seven different tones. The major and minor scales of Western art music are the most commonly known heptatonic scales, but different forms of seven-tone scales exist. Medieval church modes, each having its characteristic pattern of whole and half steps,

  • Seven-Per-Cent Solution, The (film by Ross [1976])

    Herbert Ross: Films of the mid-1970s: …many critics, Ross’s next film, The Seven-Per-Cent Solution (1976), was a near-perfect realization of Nicholas Meyer’s adaptation of his own best-selling novel. Nicol Williamson starred as cocaine-addicted detective Sherlock Holmes, who seeks help from psychiatrist Sigmund Freud (Alan Arkin); Robert Duvall played Holmes’s able assistant Dr. Watson, and

  • seven-shape doremi system (music)

    shape-note singing: History: …many tunebooks were printed in seven shapes, representing the seven syllables of the doremi system. Aikin’s seven-shape notation achieved wide use in the southern United States, where it was adopted in some denominational hymnals. After the American Civil War, singing schools and shape notes became increasingly identified with the South,…

  • seven-tone scale (music)

    Heptatonic scale, musical scale made up of seven different tones. The major and minor scales of Western art music are the most commonly known heptatonic scales, but different forms of seven-tone scales exist. Medieval church modes, each having its characteristic pattern of whole and half steps,

  • seven-transmembrane receptor (biochemistry)

    G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR), protein located in the cell membrane that binds extracellular substances and transmits signals from these substances to an intracellular molecule called a G protein (guanine nucleotide-binding protein). GPCRs are found in the cell membranes of a wide range of

  • Seven-Up Company (American company)

    Altria Group: In 1978 it purchased the Seven-Up Company, a soft-drink maker; unable to expand its soft-drink market, it sold Seven-Up in 1986. In 1985 the publicly held Philip Morris Companies was incorporated as the parent company of Philip Morris Inc. The new holding company bought the General Foods Corporation, carrier of…

  • seven-year cycle (time measurement)

    Middle Eastern religion: Nature: the framework of ideas and practices: …system of cycles, notably the sabbatical, or seven-year, cycle. The sabbatical year was the seventh year, and the jubilee year followed seven sabbatical cycles. This was a pervasive system in the ancient Middle East. A Ugaritic liturgical text specially designed for this phenomenon aims at terminating a sabbatical cycle of…

  • Seveners (Islamic sect)

    Seveners, in Islām, minority subsect within the Ismā?īlīte (q.v.) sect of

  • Sevenoaks (district, England, United Kingdom)

    Sevenoaks, district occupying the westernmost portion of the administrative and historic county of Kent, southeastern England, southeast of London. It is a predominantly rural area with a rolling landscape. Much of the district is wooded. The major towns are Sevenoaks (the administrative centre) in

  • sevens (card game)

    Domino, simple gambling card game playable by two to eight players. The full deck of 52 cards is dealt out singly, so some hands may contain one more card than others. All players ante an agreed amount to a betting pool. In some circles anyone dealt one card fewer than others must ante an extra

  • seventeen (number)

    number symbolism: 17: In ancient times, in the region of Urartu, near Mount Ararat, the local deity was offered 17-fold sacrifices. The biblical Flood began on the 17th day of the second month and ended on the 17th day of the seventh month. Greek superstition holds the…

  • Seventeen (novel by Tarkington)

    Seventeen, humorous novel by Booth Tarkington, published in 1916. The novel recalls the events of one summer in the life of William Sylvanus Baxter, his family, and his friends in a Midwestern town in the early 20th century. Seventeen-year-old Willie develops a crush on Lola Pratt, a baby-talking,

  • Seventeen Article Constitution (Japanese history)

    Seventeen Article Constitution, in Japanese history, code of moral precepts for the ruling class, issued in 604 ce by the regent Shōtoku Taishi, which set the fundamental spirit and orientation for the subsequent Chinese-based centralized reforms. Written at a time of disunity, when Japan was

  • seventeen year locust (insect)

    cicada: …fascinating and best-known are the 17-year cicada (often erroneously called the 17-year locust) and the 13-year cicada (Magicicada). These species occur in large numbers in chronologically and geographically isolated broods.

  • Seventeenth Amendment (United States Constitution)

    Seventeenth Amendment, amendment (1913) to the Constitution of the United States that provided for the direct election of U.S. senators by the voters of the states. It altered the electoral mechanism established in Article I, Section 3, of the Constitution, which had provided for the appointment of

  • seventeenth parallel (demarcation line, Vietnam)

    Seventeenth parallel, the provisional military demarcation line established in Vietnam by the Geneva Accords (1954). The line did not actually coincide with the 17th parallel but ran south of it, approximately along the Ben Hai River to the village of Bo Ho Su and from there due west to the

  • Seventh Amendment (United States Constitution)

    Seventh Amendment, amendment (1791) to the Constitution of the United States, part of the Bill of Rights, that formally established the rules governing civil trials. The amendment’s objective was to preserve a distinction between the responsibilities of the courts (such as deciding matters of law)

  • Seventh Continent, The (film by Haneke [1989])

    Michael Haneke: …with Der siebente Kontinent (1989; The Seventh Continent), his screenplay for which had been rejected for television. Based on an actual event, the film depicts the tedious routines, and eventually the joint suicide, of a middle-class Viennese family. The first installment in what Haneke would call his emotionalen Vergletscherung (“emotional…

  • seventh cranial nerve (anatomy)

    Facial nerve, nerve that originates in the area of the brain called the pons and that has three types of nerve fibres: (1) motor fibres to the superficial muscles of the face, neck, and scalp and to certain deep muscles, known collectively as the muscles of facial expression; (2) sensory fibres, c

  • Seventh Crusade (European history)

    Crusades: The Crusades of St. Louis: In June 1245, a year after the final loss of Jerusalem, Pope Innocent IV opened a great ecclesiastical council at Lyons. Although urgent appeals for help had come from the East, it is unlikely that the Crusade was uppermost in the…

  • Seventh Day Baptist (Protestantism)

    Ephrata Community: …members reorganized themselves as the Seventh Day German Baptists. The Ephrata congregation was dissolved in 1934, but two small congregations continued in central Pennsylvania in the late 1970s.

  • Seventh Day, The (work by kibbutzniks)

    Martin Buber: The final years.: Si?ot lo?amin (1967; The Seventh Day, 1970), published by them shortly after the Six-Day War, testifies to Buber’s living spirit by its self-searching attitude on ethical questions of war and peace and on Arab–Jewish relations.

  • Seventh Heaven (film by King [1937])

    Henry King: Films of the 1930s: …director had less success with Seventh Heaven (1937), a romantic drama featuring a miscast James Stewart as a Parisian sewer worker and Simone Simon as a prostitute who falls in love with him.

  • Seventh Letter (work attributed to Plato)

    Plato: Life: Moreover, if Plato’s Seventh Letter is to be believed (its authorship is disputed), the treatment of Socrates by both the oligarchy and the democracy made Plato wary of entering public life, as someone of his background would normally have done.

  • Seventh Seal, The (film by Bergman [1957])

    The Seventh Seal, Swedish allegorical dramatic film, released in 1957, that is widely considered director Ingmar Bergman’s greatest work and a classic in world cinema. Antonius Block (played by Max von Sydow) is a disillusioned knight who has returned from the Crusades only to find his homeland of

  • Seventh Symphony (symphony by Shostakovich)

    Leningrad Symphony No. 7 in C Major, Op. 60, symphony by Dmitry Shostakovich, known as “Leningrad.” The work premiered informally on March 5, 1942, at a rural retreat by the Volga, where the composer and many of his colleagues were seeking refuge from World War II. Five months later, it would be

  • Seventh Symphony (symphony by Beethoven)

    Symphony No. 7 in A Major, Op. 92, symphony by Ludwig van Beethoven. Premiering in Vienna on December 8, 1813, the work is considered a notable example of the more ebullient side of Beethoven’s compositional personality and evidence that, even after the onset of deafness, he yet found cause for

  • Seventh Veil, The (film by Bennett [1945])

    Herbert Lom: …amnesiac in the popular film The Seventh Veil (1945). In the 1950 noir Night and the City, Lom played a dangerous figure in the high-stakes underground world of professional wrestling.

  • Seventh Victim, The (film by Robson [1943])

    Mark Robson: Directing: …Robson his first directorial assignment, The Seventh Victim, an eerie tale of witchcraft set in New York City’s Greenwich Village. Robson made several other horror films for Lewton, including The Ghost Ship (1943), Isle of the Dead (1945), and Bedlam (1946); the latter two starred Boris Karloff. Robson did not…

  • Seventh-day Adventist Church (Protestantism)

    Seventh-day Adventist, member of the largest organized modern denomination of Adventism, a millennialist Christian sect founded in the United States in the 19th century. See

  • Seventy, First Quorum of (Mormonism)

    Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints: Structure of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints: …of the Twelve Apostles, the First Quorum of Seventy, and the presiding bishop and two councillors, who manage the church’s property and welfare programs. All are “sustained in office” by the regular and now-ritualized vote of confidence at the semiannual General Conference, which is open to all believers and to…

  • Severa, Maria (Portuguese singer)

    fado: …1830s is widely attributed to Maria Severa, a tavern singer in the Alfama district and the first famous fadista (singer of fado). To the accompaniment of guitars, Severa sang of real-life woes in the harmonically predictable, notably improvisational, and strikingly mournful manner that came to characterize the Lisbon style. The…

  • Several Poems Compiled with Great Variety of Wit and Learning (work by Bradstreet)

    Anne Bradstreet: …revised and expanded form as Several Poems Compiled with Great Variety of Wit and Learning (1678).

  • Severan dynasty (Roman history)

    Palestine: Roman Palestine: …some evidence that from the Severan period onward (after 193) Jews visited the city more frequently, especially at certain festival times, and even that there may have been some Jews in residence. About the time the Bar Kokhba revolt was crushed (135), Hadrian proceeded to convert Jerusalem into a Greco-Roman…

  • Severance (American jazz-rock band)

    Gregory Hines: …he formed the jazz-rock band Severance, serving as songwriter, singer, and guitarist. By the late 1970s, however, the band had broken up, and Hines had returned to New York to resume his dancing career.

  • severance package

    golden parachute: …employment contract that grants lucrative severance benefits to an executive if control of the company changes hands, as by a merger. Most definitions offered by legal authorities stress three elements: (1) a lucrative or attractive severance package, (2) available to a few selected senior executives, (3) in a change-of-control situation…

  • severance tax (taxation)

    property tax: Economic effects: …of mineral resources to “severance taxes” on the production or extraction of resources.

  • Severance, Caroline Maria Seymour (American social reformer)

    Caroline Maria Seymour Severance, American reformer and clubwoman who was especially active in woman suffrage and other women’s issues of her day. Caroline Seymour married Theodoric C. Severance in 1840 and settled in Cleveland, Ohio. From her husband’s family she quickly absorbed an interest in

  • severe acute respiratory syndrome (pathology)

    SARS, highly contagious respiratory illness characterized by a persistent fever, headache, and bodily discomfort, followed by a dry cough that may progress to great difficulty in breathing. SARS appeared in November 2002 in Guangdong province, China, where it was first diagnosed as an atypical

  • severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (virus)

    coronavirus: …known as SARS coronavirus (or Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus) causes a highly contagious respiratory disease that is characterized by symptoms of fever, cough, and muscle ache, often with progressive difficulty in breathing. The virus emerged in humans in 2002; it likely jumped to humans from an animal reservoir, believed…

  • severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (virus)

    coronavirus: The virus, later named severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), caused an illness known as COVID-19, which was similar to SARS and was being characterized primarily by fever and respiratory symptoms. The virus was likewise highly contagious. By early 2020 it had spread throughout regions…

  • severe blizzard (meteorology)

    blizzard: A severe blizzard has winds of over 72 km (45 miles) per hour, visibility near zero, and temperatures of ?12 °C (10 °F) or lower. A ground blizzard occurs when there is no falling snow, but snow is drifting and blowing near the ground.

  • severe combined immunodeficiency (pathology)

    human disease: Immune deficiencies: Severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID), a condition that arises from several different genetic defects, disrupts the functioning of both the humoral and cell-mediated immune responses.

  • severe local storm (meteorology)

    weather forecasting: Predictive skills and procedures: …with severe thunderstorms, sometimes called severe local storms (SELS) or simply severe weather. Forecasts and warnings also are made for tornadoes, those intense, rotating windstorms that represent the most violent end of the weather scale. Destruction of property and the risk of injury and death are extremely high in the…

  • severe local storm watch (meteorology)

    weather forecasting: Predictive skills and procedures: …the tornado or severe thunderstorm watch, which is the forecast prepared by the SELS forecaster, and the warning, which is usually released by a local observing facility. The watch may be issued when the skies are clear, and it usually covers a number of counties. It alerts the affected area…

  • severe obesity (medical disorder)

    obesity: Defining obesity: Morbid obesity (also known as extreme, or severe, obesity) is defined as a BMI of 40.0 or higher. (See nutritional disease: Diet and chronic disease.)

  • severe preeclampsia (medicine)

    pregnancy: Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy: Severe preeclampsia is defined by any of the following symptoms occurring after the 20th week of pregnancy: a systolic blood pressure of 160 mm Hg or higher or a diastolic pressure of 110 mm Hg or higher on two or more occasions at least six…

  • Severe style (Greek sculpture)

    Western sculpture: Early Classical (c. 500–450 bc): Its name—Severe style—is in part an indication that the “prettiness” of Archaic art, with its patterns of drapery and its decisive action, has been replaced by calm and balance. In vase painting and in sculpture, this new tone is evident in the composition of scenes and…

  • severe thunderstorm (meteorology)

    thunderstorm: Types of thunderstorms: …Weather Service has defined a severe thunderstorm as any storm that produces a tornado, winds greater than 26 metres per second (94 km [58 miles] per hour), or hail with a diameter greater than 1.9 cm (0.75 inch).

  • severe weather (meteorology)

    weather forecasting: Predictive skills and procedures: …with severe thunderstorms, sometimes called severe local storms (SELS) or simply severe weather. Forecasts and warnings also are made for tornadoes, those intense, rotating windstorms that represent the most violent end of the weather scale. Destruction of property and the risk of injury and death are extremely high in the…

  • Severed Head, A (novel by Murdoch)

    Iris Murdoch: …career with such novels as A Severed Head (1961), The Red and the Green (1965), The Nice and the Good (1968), The Black Prince (1973), Henry and Cato (1976), The Sea, the Sea (1978, Booker Prize), The Philosopher’s Pupil (1983), The Good

  • Severed Heads, The (film by Jodorowsky [1957])

    Alejandro Jodorowsky: Early work: …the short La Cravate (1957; The Severed Heads), about a young man (played by Jodorowsky) who falls in love with the proprietor of a shop where one can swap out one’s head. In the early 1960s Jodorowsky, Spanish-born French author Fernando Arrabal, and French artist and author Roland Topor formed…

  • Severian of Gabala (theologian)

    Severian Of Gabala, bishop of Gabala (now Latakia, Syria), theologian and orator, principal opponent of the eminent 4th-century Greek Orthodox church father and patriarch of Constantinople, John Chrysostom. An accomplished speaker and writer, Severian left Gabala about 401 for the Byzantine

  • Severin, Banat of (historical region, Europe)

    Banat, ethnically mixed historic region of eastern Europe; it is bounded by Transylvania and Walachia in the east, by the Tisza River in the west, by the Mures River in the north, and by the Danube River in the south. After 1920 Banat was divided among the states of Romania, Yugoslavia, and

  • Severin, Christian (Danish astronomer)

    Christian Longomontanus, Danish astronomer and astrologer who is best known for his association with and published support of Tycho Brahe. In 1600, when Johannes Kepler went to Prague to work with Tycho, he found Tycho and Longomontanus engaged in extensive observations and studies of Mars. This

  • Severing, Carl (German politician)

    Carl Severing, German politician who was a leading member of the Social Democratic Party during the Weimar Republic and longtime minister of interior of Prussia (1920–26; 1930–32). An activist trade union leader, Severing was a member of the German imperial Reichstag (parliament) from 1907 to 1912,

  • Severini, Gino (Italian artist)

    Gino Severini, Italian painter who synthesized the styles of Futurism and Cubism. Severini began his painting career in 1900 as a student of Giacomo Balla, an Italian pointillist painter who later became a prominent Futurist. Stimulated by Balla’s account of the new painting in France, Severini

  • Severinus (pope)

    Severinus, pope who was forced to wait one and a half years for consecration because he declined to endorse the Byzantine emperor Heraclius’s statement of faith, the Ecthesis, which propounded Monothelitism—i.e., the unorthodox doctrine of a single will in Christ (see Monothelite). Severinus was

  • Severn (river, Australia)

    Darling River: …usually considered to be the Severn, which becomes successively the Dumaresq, Macintyre, Barwon, and, finally, the Darling. Discharge of the lower tributaries (Culgoa, Warrego, Paroo, Gwydir, Namoi, Macquarie, and Bogan) of the main stream fluctuates as a result of droughts and floods. Because much of the Darling’s course runs through…

  • Severn Bridge (bridge, England, United Kingdom)

    bridge: Lessons of the disaster: The 972-metre- (3,240-foot-) span Severn Bridge (1966), linking southern England and Wales over the River Severn, uses a shallow steel box for its deck, but the deck is shaped aerodynamically in order to allow wind to pass over and under it—much as a cutwater allows water to deflect around…

  • Severn Canal (waterway, England, United Kingdom)

    canals and inland waterways: Great Britain: …Bristol Channel provided by the Severn Canal and the Gloucester and Berkeley Ship Canal from Sharpness on the Severn to Gloucester. Birmingham’s growth and industrial prosperity were stimulated because the city became the centre of a canal system that connected London, the Bristol Channel, the Mersey, and the Humber. The…

  • Severn River (river, Canada)

    Severn River, river, northwestern Ontario, Canada. It rises in the Finger Lake region of western Ontario and flows northeast for about 610 miles (980 km) through Severn Lake to Hudson Bay. Discovered in 1631, it was originally named New Severn (after the Severn in England) by Captain Thomas James.

  • Severn Tunnel (tunnel, United Kingdom)

    River Severn: …has been serviced by the Severn Tunnel, 15 miles (24 km) farther downstream. The Severn Bridge, an impressive suspension bridge with a 3,240-foot (990-metre) main span, was built in the 1960s and forms part of a motorway link (M48) from London to South Wales. An increase in automobile traffic led…

  • Severn Wildfowl Trust (nature preserve, Gloucestershire, England, United Kingdom)

    The Wildfowl and Wetlands Trust, centre of the world’s largest collection of waterfowl. It was established in 1946 by Sir Peter Scott on 418 acres (169 hectares) along the River Severn near Slimbridge, Gloucestershire, Eng. Nearly a quarter of the land is fenced off for captive birds and breeding

  • Severn, Joseph (artist)

    John Keats: Last years: …ordered south for the winter, Joseph Severn undertook to accompany him to Rome. They sailed in September 1820, and from Naples they went to Rome, where in early December Keats had a relapse. Faithfully tended by Severn to the last, he died in Rome.

  • Severn, River (river, Wales and England, United Kingdom)

    River Severn, Britain’s longest river from source to tidal waters—about 180 miles (290 km) long, with the Severn estuary adding some 40 miles (64 km) to its total length. The Severn rises near the River Wye on the northeastern slopes of Plynlimon (Welsh: Pumlumon), Wales, and follows a semicircular

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