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  • Severnaia Zemlia (archipelago, Russia)

    Severnaya Zemlya, (Russian: “Northern Land”, ) archipelago, Krasnoyarsk kray (region), northern Russia. It lies in the Arctic Ocean between the Kara Sea (west) and Laptev Sea (east). Severnaya Zemlya lies immediately north of Cape Chelyuskin, the most northerly point in Siberia, from which it is

  • Severnaja Zeml’a (archipelago, Russia)

    Severnaya Zemlya, (Russian: “Northern Land”, ) archipelago, Krasnoyarsk kray (region), northern Russia. It lies in the Arctic Ocean between the Kara Sea (west) and Laptev Sea (east). Severnaya Zemlya lies immediately north of Cape Chelyuskin, the most northerly point in Siberia, from which it is

  • Severnaya Dvina (river, Russia)

    Northern Dvina River, river formed by the junction of the Sukhona and Yug rivers at the city of Velikiy Ustyug, in Vologod oblast (province) of Russia. The Northern Dvina is one of the largest and most important waterways of the northern European portion of Russia. It flows 462 miles (744 km) in a

  • Severnaya Golodnaya Steppe (desert, Kazakhstan)

    Betpaqdala, desert in eastern Kazakhstan, situated west of Lake Balqash. It has an area of about 29,000 square miles (75,000 square km) and an average elevation of 1,000–1,150 feet (300–350 m). The desert is generally flat or gently undulating but is more hilly in the east. It receives a total a

  • Severnaya Osetiya–Alaniya (republic, Russia)

    North Ossetia–Alania, respublika (republic) in southwestern Russia, on the northern flank of the Greater Caucasus range. It is bordered on the south by Georgia and on the north by the Sunzha and Terek ranges. The capital and largest city is Vladikavkaz. North Ossetia is mountainous, with the Glavny

  • Severnaya Ossetiya (republic, Russia)

    North Ossetia–Alania, respublika (republic) in southwestern Russia, on the northern flank of the Greater Caucasus range. It is bordered on the south by Georgia and on the north by the Sunzha and Terek ranges. The capital and largest city is Vladikavkaz. North Ossetia is mountainous, with the Glavny

  • Severnaya pochta (Russian newspaper)

    Mikhail Mikhaylovich, Count Speransky: Secretary to the Emperor.: …the prime mover in founding Severnaya pochta or Novaya Sankt-Petersburgskaya gazeta, Russia’s first official newspaper. In 1807 he became intimately associated with the Emperor himself, as his administrative secretary and assistant. In 1808 he accompanied Alexander to his meeting with Napoleon, who described him as “the only clear head in…

  • Severnaya Sosva (river, Russia)

    Ob River: Physiography: …(Malaya) Ob, which receives the Northern (Severnaya) Sosva, the Vogulka, and the Synya rivers from the left. These main channels are reunited below Shuryshkary into a single stream that is up to 12 miles (19 km) wide and 130 feet (40 metres) deep; but after the confluence of the Poluy…

  • Severnaya Zemlya (archipelago, Russia)

    Severnaya Zemlya, (Russian: “Northern Land”, ) archipelago, Krasnoyarsk kray (region), northern Russia. It lies in the Arctic Ocean between the Kara Sea (west) and Laptev Sea (east). Severnaya Zemlya lies immediately north of Cape Chelyuskin, the most northerly point in Siberia, from which it is

  • Severny Island (island, Russia)

    Novaya Zemlya: …consists of two large islands, Severny (northern) and Yuzhny (southern), aligned for 600 miles (1,000 km) in a southwest-northeast direction, plus several smaller islands. The two major islands are separated by a narrow strait, Matochkin Shar, only about 1 to 1.5 miles (1.6 to 2.4 km) wide. The most southerly…

  • Severny Morskoy Put (sea route, Eurasia)

    Northeast Passage, maritime route through the Arctic along the northern coast of the Eurasian landmass, principally situated off the coast of northern Siberia (Russia). Historically, the European concept of the Northeast Passage was of a channel that traversed the entire distance between the

  • Severnye Uvaly (hills, Russia)

    Severnye Uvaly, (Russian: “Northern Uvaly”, ) range of hills on the Russian Plain, western Russia. The hills form the watershed between the left-bank tributaries of the Volga River and of the Sukhona, Yug, Vychegda, and Pechora rivers. The hills run east-west for 375 miles (600 km), reach a maximum

  • Severnyje Uvaly (hills, Russia)

    Severnye Uvaly, (Russian: “Northern Uvaly”, ) range of hills on the Russian Plain, western Russia. The hills form the watershed between the left-bank tributaries of the Volga River and of the Sukhona, Yug, Vychegda, and Pechora rivers. The hills run east-west for 375 miles (600 km), reach a maximum

  • Severo Chu (ridge, Russia)

    Altai Mountains: Geology: …the contemporary Altai—notably the Katun, North (Severo) Chu, and the South (Yuzhno) Chu—tower more than 13,000 feet (4,000 metres) in elevation, running latitudinally in the central and eastern portions of the sector of the system within the Altay republic. The Tabyn-Bogdo-Ola (Mongolian: Tavan Bogd Uul), the M?nh Hayrhan Uul, and…

  • Severo-Ossetian A. S. S. R. (republic, Russia)

    North Ossetia–Alania, respublika (republic) in southwestern Russia, on the northern flank of the Greater Caucasus range. It is bordered on the south by Georgia and on the north by the Sunzha and Terek ranges. The capital and largest city is Vladikavkaz. North Ossetia is mountainous, with the Glavny

  • Severo-Sibirskaya Nizmennost (region, Russia)

    North Siberian Lowland, low-lying region, east-central Russia. It is situated between the lower Yenisey River in the west and the lower Kolyma River in the east. To the south lies the Central Siberian Plateau, to the north the Byrranga Mountains of the Taymyr Peninsula, and farther east the L

  • Severodonetsk (Ukraine)

    Syeverodonetsk, city, eastern Ukraine, in the valley of the Donets River. The city was founded in 1934 as the site of a new chemical complex, part of which was evacuated eastward during World War II. In 1951 and 1958 additional chemical industries were added, based on coke, and the complex has

  • Severodvinsk (Russia)

    Severodvinsk, city and seaport of Archangelsk oblast (region), northwestern Russia. It lies on the shore of the White Sea’s Gulf of Dvina, at the western edge of the Northern Dvina River delta. The city was founded after the October Revolution (1917) as an outport for Archangelsk city. The city

  • Severoput (sea route, Eurasia)

    Northeast Passage, maritime route through the Arctic along the northern coast of the Eurasian landmass, principally situated off the coast of northern Siberia (Russia). Historically, the European concept of the Northeast Passage was of a channel that traversed the entire distance between the

  • Seversky Donets (river, Europe)

    Donets River, a tributary of the Don River, southwestern Russia and eastern Ukraine. The Donets is 650 miles (1,050 km) long and drains a basin of 39,000 square miles (100,000 square km). Rising in the Central Russian Upland, it flows south past Belgorod, Russia; enters Ukraine and passes to the

  • Severson, Edward Louis III (American musician)

    Pearl Jam: …original members were lead vocalist Eddie Vedder (original name Edward Louis Severson III; b. December 23, 1964, Chicago, Illinois, U.S.), rhythm guitarist Stone Gossard (b. July 20, 1966, Seattle, Washington), bassist Jeff Ament (b. March 10, 1963, Havre, Montana), lead guitarist Mike McCready (b. April 5, 1966, Pensacola, Florida), and…

  • Severus (Roman emperor)

    Severus, Roman emperor in 306 and 307. After serving as an army officer in Pannonia (present-day western Hungary and northern Croatia and Slovenia), Severus was appointed, on May 1, 305, caesar (junior emperor) to the emperor Constantius I Chlorus (ruled 305–306) and given control of Pannonia,

  • Severus Alexander (Roman emperor)

    Severus Alexander, Roman emperor from ad 222 to 235, whose weak rule collapsed in the civil strife that engulfed the empire for the next 50 years. His maternal grandmother, Julia Maesa, was a sister-in-law of the emperor Septimius Severus (reigned 193–211). In 218 the legions in Syria proclaimed as

  • Severus of Antioch (Greek theologian)

    Severus of Antioch, Greek Christian monk-theologian, patriarch of Antioch, and miaphysite leader during the reigns of the Byzantine emperors Anastasius I (491–518) and Justinian I (527–565). His later ecclesiastical condemnation and exile hastened the sect’s eventual decline, particularly in Syria

  • Severus, Alexander (Roman emperor)

    Severus Alexander, Roman emperor from ad 222 to 235, whose weak rule collapsed in the civil strife that engulfed the empire for the next 50 years. His maternal grandmother, Julia Maesa, was a sister-in-law of the emperor Septimius Severus (reigned 193–211). In 218 the legions in Syria proclaimed as

  • Severus, Flavius Valerius (Roman emperor)

    Severus, Roman emperor in 306 and 307. After serving as an army officer in Pannonia (present-day western Hungary and northern Croatia and Slovenia), Severus was appointed, on May 1, 305, caesar (junior emperor) to the emperor Constantius I Chlorus (ruled 305–306) and given control of Pannonia,

  • Severus, Gaius Julius (Roman general)

    Bar Kokhba: …summoned the governor of Britain, Gaius Julius Severus, to his aid with 35,000 men of the Legion X. Jerusalem was retaken, and Severus gradually wore down and constricted the rebels’ area of operation, until in 135 Bar Kokhba was himself killed at Betar, his stronghold in southwest Jerusalem. The remnant…

  • Severus, Septimius (Roman emperor)

    Septimius Severus, Roman emperor from 193 to 211. He founded a personal dynasty and converted the government into a military monarchy. His reign marks a critical stage in the development of the absolute despotism that characterized the later Roman Empire. The son of an equestrian from the Roman

  • Severus, Sulpicius (Christian ascetic)

    Sulpicius Severus, early Christian ascetic, a chief authority for contemporary Gallo-Roman history, who is considered the most graceful writer of his time. Well trained as a lawyer, Sulpicius was baptized in about 390 with Paulinus (later bishop of Nola). After the early death of his wife, he

  • Sevier Lake (lake, Utah, United States)

    Sevier Lake, body of water in Millard county, western Utah, U.S. The lake is about 25 miles (40 km) long and up to 7 miles (11 km) wide. Located in the Pahvant Valley at an elevation of about 4,500 feet (1,370 metres), in an ecological transition zone between the Colorado Plateau and the Basin and

  • Sevier orogeny (geology)

    Sevier orogeny, a mountain-building event that produced the Sevier Orogenic Belt, a linear zone of deformed rock strata in the western United States extending from southeastern California northeastward through southern Nevada and western Utah to western Wyoming. The deformation took place between

  • Sevier River (river, Utah, United States)

    Sevier River, the longest river entirely within the state of Utah, U.S. The Sevier flows about 325 miles (523 km) along a horseshoe-shaped course north from Kane county, central Utah, turning west at Delta and then south to its terminus in Sevier Lake, Millard county. It drains an area of 5,500

  • Sevier, John (American politician)

    John Sevier, American frontiersman, soldier, and first governor of the state of Tennessee. In 1773 Sevier moved his family westward across the Allegheny Mountains to what is now eastern Tennessee. The next year he fought the Indians in Lord Dunmore’s War (1773–74), and during the American

  • Sévigné, Marie de Rabutin-Chantal, marquise de (French author)

    Marie de Rabutin-Chantal, marquise de Sévigné, French writer whose correspondence is of both historical and literary significance. Of old Burgundian nobility, she was orphaned at the age of six and was brought up by her uncle Philippe II de Coulanges. She had a happy childhood and was well educated

  • Sevilla (Spain)

    Sevilla, city, capital of the provincia (province) of Sevilla, in the Andalusia comunidad autónoma (autonomous community) of southern Spain. Sevilla lies on the left (east) bank of the Guadalquivir River at a point about 54 miles (87 km) north of the Atlantic Ocean and about 340 miles (550 km)

  • Sevilla (province, Spain)

    Sevilla, provincia (province) in the comunidad autónoma (autonomous community) of Andalusia, southwestern Spain. The province comprises the lower Guadalquivir River valley and has varied relief. It is bordered by the Morena Mountains to the northwest and by the Sub-Baetic ranges of the Algodonales

  • Sevilla (Colombia)

    Sevilla, city, Cauca departamento, western Colombia, on an abutment of the Cordillera Central. Founded as San Luis in 1903 by Heraclio Uribe Uribe, the city was renamed for Sevilla, Spain, when it became a municipality in 1914. Gold, silver, and platinum mines are nearby, and agricultural products

  • Sevilla Cathedral (cathedral, Sevilla, Spain)

    Sevilla: City layout: …the central district near the Cathedral of Santa Maria and the Alcázar Palace. Sevilla’s cathedral is one of the largest in area of all Gothic churches. Most of it was constructed from 1402 to 1506 on the site of the city’s principal mosque, which had been built by the Almohads…

  • Sevilla del Oro (Ecuador)

    Macas, town, southeastern Ecuador. It lies on the Upano River along the eastern slopes of the Andes Mountains, at an elevation of 3,445 feet (1,050 metres). Founded by the Spanish captain José Villanueva Maldonado in the mid-16th century as the city of Sevilla del Oro (“Golden Seville”), it was a

  • Sevilla la Nueva (historical town, Jamaica)

    Jamaica: Early period: …European settlement, the town of Sevilla la Nueva (New Seville), on the north coast. In 1534 the capital was moved to Villa de la Vega (later Santiago de la Vega), now called Spanish Town. The Spanish enslaved many of the Taino; some escaped, but most died from European diseases and…

  • Sevilla, Universidad de (university, Sevilla, Spain)

    University of Sevilla, Spanish coeducational state institution of higher learning at Sevilla, with branches at Cádiz and Huelva. Although its origin is unclear, the school may have begun as early as 1254 under Alfonso X, king of Castile and Leon. It was established as the Major College (Colegio

  • Sevilla, University of (university, Sevilla, Spain)

    University of Sevilla, Spanish coeducational state institution of higher learning at Sevilla, with branches at Cádiz and Huelva. Although its origin is unclear, the school may have begun as early as 1254 under Alfonso X, king of Castile and Leon. It was established as the Major College (Colegio

  • sevillana (dance)

    seguidilla: …is the seguidillas sevillanas, or sevillanas. Most typically the dance is preceded by an instrumental introduction and a sung section. In the sevillanas, and in some other seguidillas, the dancers stop suddenly (bien parado) at the end of each copla, resuming dancing only after an instrumental interlude. The steps of…

  • Seville (province, Spain)

    Sevilla, provincia (province) in the comunidad autónoma (autonomous community) of Andalusia, southwestern Spain. The province comprises the lower Guadalquivir River valley and has varied relief. It is bordered by the Morena Mountains to the northwest and by the Sub-Baetic ranges of the Algodonales

  • Seville (Spain)

    Sevilla, city, capital of the provincia (province) of Sevilla, in the Andalusia comunidad autónoma (autonomous community) of southern Spain. Sevilla lies on the left (east) bank of the Guadalquivir River at a point about 54 miles (87 km) north of the Atlantic Ocean and about 340 miles (550 km)

  • Seville orange (fruit)

    Rutaceae: the lemon (Citrus ×limon), sour orange (C. ×aurantium), sweet orange (C. ×sinensis), lime (C. ×aurantifolia), tangerine and mandarin orange (C. reticulata), grapefruit (C. ×

  • Seville Statement (manifesto)

    peace psychology: Another, the Seville Statement, was issued in 1986 by 20 highly respected scientists during the United Nations International Year of Peace. Because war is built or constructed, a great deal of research in peace psychology has sought to identify environmental conditions that are linked to violence and…

  • Seville, Treaty of (Europe [1729])

    William Stanhope, 1st earl of Harrington: …successfully negotiating in 1729 the Treaty of Seville (Sevilla), which settled disputes between England and Spain, he was named secretary of state for the northern department by Sir Robert Walpole in May 1730. Although Harrington had the backing of George II, he was nonetheless unsuccessful in 1733 in persuading Walpole…

  • Seville, University of (university, Sevilla, Spain)

    University of Sevilla, Spanish coeducational state institution of higher learning at Sevilla, with branches at Cádiz and Huelva. Although its origin is unclear, the school may have begun as early as 1254 under Alfonso X, king of Castile and Leon. It was established as the Major College (Colegio

  • seviri Augustales (Roman religion)

    ancient Rome: Emperor worship: Its principal custodians (seviri Augustales) were normally freedmen. Both the Senate and the emperor had central control over the institution. The Senate could withhold a vote of posthumous deification, and the emperor could acknowledge or refuse provincial initiatives in the establishment of emperor worship, in the construction for…

  • sevivon (toy)

    Hanukkah: …a four-sided top called a dreidel (Hebrew sevivon). On each side of the top is a Hebrew letter, which forms the initials of the words in the phrase nes gadol haya sham, meaning “a great miracle happened there.” In modern Israel the letters of the dreidel were changed to reflect…

  • ?evket Pa?a, Mahmud (Turkish statesman)

    Mahmud ?evket Pa?a, Ottoman soldier and statesman who, in 1909, suppressed a religious uprising, forced the subsequent deposition of Sultan Abdülhamid II, and served as grand vizier (chief minister) in 1913. ?evket graduated from the Cadet School in Constantinople as a staff captain in 1882. He

  • Sèvres (France)

    Sèvres, town, southwestern residential suburb of Paris, Hauts-de-Seine département, ?le-de-France région, north-central France. It lies on the left bank of the Seine River where it loops north around the Bois de Boulogne. It is famous for the Manufacture Nationale de Sèvres, established in the area

  • Sèvres porcelain

    Sèvres porcelain, French hard-paste, or true, porcelain as well as soft-paste porcelain (a porcellaneous material rather than true porcelain) made at the royal factory (now the national porcelain factory) of Sèvres, near Versailles, from 1756 until the present; the industry was located earlier at

  • Sèvres, Treaty of (Allies-Turkey [1920])

    Treaty of Sèvres, (August 10, 1920), post-World War I pact between the victorious Allied powers and representatives of the government of Ottoman Turkey. The treaty abolished the Ottoman Empire and obliged Turkey to renounce all rights over Arab Asia and North Africa. The pact also provided for an

  • sevruga caviar (food)

    caviar: …osetrova grayish, gray-green, or brown; sevruga, the smallest, is greenish black. The rarest caviar, made from the golden eggs of the sterlet, was formerly reserved for the table of the tsar; more recently it found its way to the tables of Soviet dignitaries and that of the shah of Iran.…

  • SEWA (Indian trade union)

    Self-Employed Women’s Association (SEWA), trade union based in India that organized women for informal employment (work outside a traditional employer-employee relationship). The Self-Employed Women’s Association (SEWA) was founded in 1972 by Indian lawyer and social activist Ela Bhatt and a small

  • Sewa River (river, Sierra Leone)

    Sewa River, river, the most important commercial stream in Sierra Leone, West Africa. Formed by the junction of the Bagbe and Bafi rivers, which rise in the northeastern part of the country near the Guinea border, it flows 150 miles (240 km) in a south-southwesterly direction and drains an area of

  • sewage system

    Sewerage system, network of pipes, pumps, and force mains for the collection of wastewater, or sewage, from a community. Modern sewerage systems fall under two categories: domestic and industrial sewers and storm sewers. Sometimes a combined system provides only one network of pipes, mains, and

  • sewage treatment

    Wastewater treatment, the removal of impurities from wastewater, or sewage, before they reach aquifers or natural bodies of water such as rivers, lakes, estuaries, and oceans. Since pure water is not found in nature (i.e., outside chemical laboratories), any distinction between clean water and

  • Sewall Wright effect

    Genetic drift, a change in the gene pool of a small population that takes place strictly by chance. Genetic drift can result in genetic traits being lost from a population or becoming widespread in a population without respect to the survival or reproductive value of the alleles involved. A random

  • Sewall, May Eliza Wright (American educator and reformer)

    May Eliza Wright Sewall, American educator and reformer, best remembered for her work in connection with woman suffrage and with women’s organizations worldwide. Sewall graduated in 1866 from Northwestern Female College (later absorbed by Northwestern University), in Evanston, Illinois. She

  • Sewall, Samuel (British colonial merchant)

    Samuel Sewall, British-American colonial merchant and a judge in the Salem witchcraft trials, best remembered for his Diary (Massachusetts Historical Society; 3 vol., 1878–82), which provides a rewarding insight into the mind and life of the late New England Puritan. A graduate of Harvard College

  • sewamono (Japanese arts)

    Kabuki: Subject, purpose, and conventions: …and the domestic play (sewamono). A Kabuki program generally presents them in that order, separated by one or two dance plays featuring ghosts, courtesans, and other exotic creatures. It ends with a lively dance finale (ōgiri shosagoto) with a large cast.

  • Sewanee (university, Sewanee, Tennessee, United States)

    University of the South, Private university in Sewanee, Tennessee, U.S., founded in 1857. Though affiliated with the Episcopal church, its teaching program is independent. It has a college of arts and sciences and a school of theology, which offers master’s and doctoral programs. Its literary

  • Sewanee Review, The (American magazine)

    Allen Tate: Tate then joined The Sewanee Review, which acquired wide importance as a literary magazine under his editorship (1944–46).

  • Seward (Alaska, United States)

    Seward, city, southern Alaska, U.S. Situated on the Kenai Peninsula, at the head of Resurrection Bay, it lies (by highway) 125 miles (200 km) south of Anchorage. Settlers first went into the area in the 1890s, and the city was founded in 1903 as a supply base and ocean terminus for a railway to the

  • Seward Peninsula (peninsula, Alaska, United States)

    Seward Peninsula, peninsula in western Alaska, U.S. It is situated between Kotzebue Sound (north) and Norton Sound (south). The peninsula, which covers about 20,600 square miles (53,400 square km), is about 180 miles (290 km) long by 130 miles (210 km) wide; its average elevation is 2,000 feet (600

  • Seward’s Folly (United States history)

    Alaska Purchase, (1867), acquisition by the United States from Russia of 586,412 square miles (1,518,800 square km) of land at the northwestern tip of the North American continent, comprising the current U.S. state of Alaska. Russia had offered to sell its North American territory to the United

  • Seward’s Icebox (United States history)

    Alaska Purchase, (1867), acquisition by the United States from Russia of 586,412 square miles (1,518,800 square km) of land at the northwestern tip of the North American continent, comprising the current U.S. state of Alaska. Russia had offered to sell its North American territory to the United

  • Seward, Anna (English poet, literary critic, and intellectual)

    Anna Seward, English poet, literary critic, and intellectual who attained fame and critical acclaim on both sides of the Atlantic with her poems Elegy on Captain Cook (1780) and Monody on Major André (1781). Seward fostered a close-knit network of friends and correspondents from across many areas

  • Seward, William H. (United States government official)

    William H. Seward, U.S. politician, an antislavery activist in the Whig and Republican parties before the American Civil War and secretary of state from 1861 to 1869. He is also remembered for the purchase of Alaska in 1867—referred to at that time as “Seward’s Folly.” Admitted to the New York

  • Seward, William Henry (United States government official)

    William H. Seward, U.S. politician, an antislavery activist in the Whig and Republican parties before the American Civil War and secretary of state from 1861 to 1869. He is also remembered for the purchase of Alaska in 1867—referred to at that time as “Seward’s Folly.” Admitted to the New York

  • sewed coiling (sewing)

    basketry: Sewed coiling: Sewed coiling has a foundation of multiple elements—a bundle of fine fibres. Sewing is done with a needle or an awl, which binds each coil to the preceding one by piercing it through with the thread. The appearance varies according to whether the…

  • sewed-braid coiling (sewing)

    basketry: Sewed coiling: …coiling, made from a long braid sewed in a spiral, has been found throughout North Africa since ancient Egyptian times.

  • Sewell Mining Town (Chile)

    El Teniente: …the early 20th century the Sewell Mining Town was founded by the Braden Copper Company at El Teniente. It fell out of use in the 1970s and was designated a UNESCO World Heritage site in 2006. El Teniente also has a hydroelectric plant.

  • Sewell, Anna (English author)

    Anna Sewell, British author of the children’s classic Black Beauty. Sewell’s concern for the humane treatment of horses began early in life when she spent many hours driving her father to and from the station from which he left for work. She was crippled at a young age, and though she had

  • Sewell, Edna Morton (British dancer and author)

    Edna Deane, (EDNA MORTON SEWELL), British and world champion ballroom dancer, choreographer, author, and cofounder of the Deane School of Dance and Drama (b. Oct. 15, 1905--d. Nov. 22,

  • Sewell, Helen Moore (American artist and children’s author)

    Helen Moore Sewell, American artist and children’s author especially known for her illustrations for American author Laura Ingalls Wilder’s Little House series and for books of classic literature. Sewell was the eldest of three daughters born to William Elbridge Sewell, a commander in the U.S.

  • Sewell, Henry (prime minister of New Zealand)

    Henry Sewell, British colonizer and politician who served as the first premier of New Zealand (1856) after the colony had been granted responsible government. As a solicitor in London he became secretary and deputy chairman of the Canterbury Association for the Colonisation of New Zealand and was

  • sewellel (rodent)

    Mountain beaver, (Aplodontia rufa), a muskrat-sized burrowing rodent found only in the Pacific Northwest of North America. Unlike the American and Eurasian beavers (genus Castor), the mountain beaver has an extremely short tail and is less than a half metre (1.6 feet) in length; weight is less than

  • sewer (conduit)

    Sewer, conduit that carries wastewater from its source to a point of treatment and disposal. The wastewater may be domestic (sanitary) sewage, industrial sewage, storm runoff, or a mixture of the three. Large-diameter pipes or tunnels that carry a mixture of the three types of liquid wastes, called

  • sewer rat (rodent)

    rat: The brown rat, Rattus norvegicus (also called the Norway rat), and the house rat, R. rattus (also called the black rat, ship rat, or roof rat), live virtually everywhere that human populations have settled; the house rat is predominant in warmer climates, and the brown rat…

  • sewerage system

    Sewerage system, network of pipes, pumps, and force mains for the collection of wastewater, or sewage, from a community. Modern sewerage systems fall under two categories: domestic and industrial sewers and storm sewers. Sometimes a combined system provides only one network of pipes, mains, and

  • sewing (textile)

    needle: sewing or embroidering and, in variant forms, for knitting and crocheting. The sewing needle is small, slender, rodlike, with a sharply pointed end to facilitate passing through fabric and with the opposite end slotted to carry a thread. Bone and horn needles have been used…

  • sewing machine

    Sewing machine, any of various machines for stitching material (such as cloth or leather), usually having a needle and shuttle to carry thread and powered by treadle, waterpower, or electricity. It was the first widely distributed mechanical home appliance and has been an important industrial

  • Sewol sinking (maritime disaster, off the coast of South Korea [2014])

    South Korea: The Sixth Republic: …April 2014 after the ferry Sewol sank en route from Inch′?n (Incheon) to Cheju (Jeju) Island, resulting in the deaths of all but 172 of the nearly 500 passengers onboard, most of them high-school students. The ship had been made unstable by structural retrofitting and an excessive cargo load. Park’s…

  • Sex (play by West)

    Mae West: In the first of these, Sex (1926), her performance as a prostitute created a sensation but also earned her an eight-day jail sentence for “corrupting the morals of youth,” from which she emerged a national figure. Her plays Diamond Lil (1928) and The Constant Sinner (1931) were also successful. For…

  • sex

    Sex, the sum of features by which members of species can be divided into two groups—male and female—that complement each other reproductively. Sex, sexuality, and reproduction are all closely woven into the fabric of living things. All relate to the propagation of the race and the survival of the

  • sex abuse (human behaviour)

    Roman Catholicism: United States: …was shaken by accusations of child molestation on the part of many clergy. A study commissioned by the National Review Board of the U.S. Conference of Catholic Bishops showed that some 4 percent of American priests (more than 4,000) had committed such crimes, in some cases repeatedly and over a…

  • Sex and Character (work by Weininger)

    Otto Weininger: …work, Geschlecht und Charakter (1903; Sex and Character), served as a sourcebook for anti-Semitic propagandists.

  • Sex and Temperament in Three Primitive Societies (work by Mead)

    personality: Morphological (body type) theories: In her book Sex and Temperament in Three Primitive Societies (1935), she showed that masculinity is not necessarily expressed through aggressiveness and that femininity is not necessarily expressed through passivity and acquiescence. These demonstrated variations raised questions about the relative roles of biology, learning, and cultural pressures in…

  • Sex and the City (film by King [2008])

    Sarah Jessica Parker: …in the film versions of Sex and the City (2008 and 2010). In 2009 she starred with Hugh Grant in Did You Hear About the Morgans?, a comedy about a married couple who enter a witness-protection program after seeing a murder. She later appeared as an overworked mother in the…

  • Sex and the City (American television program)

    Sex and the City, American comedy series, filmed over six seasons (1998–2004) in New York City by HBO, which became one of the most popular and influential television series of the late 1990s and early 2000s. Based on Candace Bushnell’s best-selling book of the same name and created by Darren Star

  • Sex and the City 2 (film by King [2010])

    Sarah Jessica Parker: …and the City (2008 and 2010). In 2009 she starred with Hugh Grant in Did You Hear About the Morgans?, a comedy about a married couple who enter a witness-protection program after seeing a murder. She later appeared as an overworked mother in the comedy I Don’t Know How She…

  • Sex and the Office (work by Brown)

    Helen Gurley Brown: Sex and the Office (1964) dealt with similar issues. For a time Brown also conducted a syndicated newspaper advice column entitled “Woman Alone.”

  • Sex and the Single Girl (work by Brown)

    Helen Gurley Brown: …1962 when her first book, Sex and the Single Girl, became an immediate best seller. Her advice to young single women on such topics as career, fashion, love, and entertainment emphasized the positive benefits of unmarried life and provoked some criticism by recognizing that sex was a part of that…

  • Sex and the Single Girl (film by Quine [1964])

    Richard Quine: In 1964 Quine also directed Sex and the Single Girl, which featured Tony Curtis and Natalie Wood; the romantic comedy had little to do with Helen Gurley Brown’s how-to guide. How to Murder Your Wife (1965) was a deft black comedy starring Lemmon as a man who fantasizes about killing…

  • sex cell (biology)

    Gamete, sex, or reproductive, cell containing only one set of dissimilar chromosomes, or half the genetic material necessary to form a complete organism (i.e., haploid). Gametes are formed through meiosis (reduction division), in which a germ cell undergoes two fissions, resulting in the production

  • sex chromatin (genetics)

    sex chromosome: …as a small, dark-staining structure—the Barr body—in the cell nucleus.

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