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  • Sheppard, Bob (American sports announcer)

    Bob Sheppard, (Robert Leo Sheppard), American sports announcer (born Oct. 20, 1910, Queens, N.Y.—died July 11, 2010, Baldwin, N.Y.), earned the nickname “the voice of God” for his unmistakably sonorous, precise, and dignified speech as the longtime public address announcer at Major League

  • Sheppard, David (British cricketer and bishop)

    The Right Reverend David Stuart Sheppard, Lord Sheppard of Liverpool, British cricketer and Anglican bishop (born March 6, 1929, Reigate, Surrey, Eng.—died March 5, 2005, West Kirby, Wirral, Merseyside, Eng.), was the only man who played cricket for England as an ordained priest. Sheppard a

  • Sheppard, Jack (English criminal)

    Jack Sheppard, 18th-century English thief who managed four spectacular escapes from London prisons and became a favourite figure in verse, popular plays, romances, and burlesques. His father having died when he was a child, Sheppard was brought up in a workhouse; he learned to read and write but

  • Sheppard, John (English criminal)

    Jack Sheppard, 18th-century English thief who managed four spectacular escapes from London prisons and became a favourite figure in verse, popular plays, romances, and burlesques. His father having died when he was a child, Sheppard was brought up in a workhouse; he learned to read and write but

  • Sheppard, Kate (New Zealand activist)

    Kate Sheppard, English-born activist, who was a leader in the woman suffrage movement in New Zealand. She was instrumental in making New Zealand the first country in the world to grant women the right to vote (1893). Largely raised and educated in Scotland, she moved to New Zealand in the late

  • Sheppard, Mel (American athlete)

    Mel Sheppard, American middle-distance runner, the first to win two gold medals in individual events in the Olympic Games. Sheppard was a member of the Irish American Athletic Club of New York City. In 1906 and 1907 he set records for the 880-yard and 1,000-yard races. At the 1908 Olympic Games in

  • Sheppard, Melvin W. (American athlete)

    Mel Sheppard, American middle-distance runner, the first to win two gold medals in individual events in the Olympic Games. Sheppard was a member of the Irish American Athletic Club of New York City. In 1906 and 1907 he set records for the 880-yard and 1,000-yard races. At the 1908 Olympic Games in

  • Sheppard, Robert Leo (American sports announcer)

    Bob Sheppard, (Robert Leo Sheppard), American sports announcer (born Oct. 20, 1910, Queens, N.Y.—died July 11, 2010, Baldwin, N.Y.), earned the nickname “the voice of God” for his unmistakably sonorous, precise, and dignified speech as the longtime public address announcer at Major League

  • Sheppard-Towner Act (United States [1921])

    Julia Clifford Lathrop: …also campaigned hard for the Sheppard-Towner Act, offering federal funds to states for programs of maternity and infant care, which was passed shortly after her resignation for reasons of health in 1921. (She was succeeded by Abbott.) From 1922 she lived in Rockford, Illinois. In that year she was elected…

  • Shepparton (Victoria, Australia)

    Shepparton, city, north-central Victoria, Australia, at the confluence of the Goulburn and Broken rivers, northeast of Melbourne. The site, called Canny-goopna (“River of Big Fish”) by the local Bangerang Aboriginal people, was settled as a sheep run in the early 1840s. The first European

  • Sheppey, Isle of (island, England, United Kingdom)

    Isle of Sheppey, island at the mouth of the River Thames in Swale borough, administrative and historic county of Kent, England. It covers 35 square miles (91 square km), and its extremely fertile low-lying land supports grain and vegetable crops and sheep. Although it is physically separated from

  • Sheps, Cecil G. (Canadian-born physician, researcher, and educator)

    Cecil G. Sheps, Canadian-born physician, researcher, and educator who was one of the founders of the field now known as health services research. He held many positions of leadership through his career, notably as founding director (1968–72) of the Health Services Research Center (renamed in 1991

  • Shepseskaf (king of Egypt)

    Menkaure: …at his death, his successor, Shepseskaf, completed the stonework of the mortuary temple in brick. In the funerary complex were found some of the finest sculptures of the Pyramid Age, including a slate statue group of Menkaure and his sister-wife Khamerernebti II and a number of smaller slate triads representing…

  • Shepstone, Sir Theophilus (British South African statesman)

    Sir Theophilus Shepstone, British official in Southern Africa who devised a system of administering Africans on which all later European field administrations in Africa were to be based. He was responsible for the annexation of the Transvaal in 1877 and helped to instigate the Anglo-Zulu War

  • Shepton Mallet (England, United Kingdom)

    Mendip: Shepton Mallet, in the centre of an area that produces cider apples, is the administrative centre.

  • Sheptoon La-Pha (king of Bhutan)

    Bhutan: The emergence of Bhutan: …an influential lama from Tibet, Sheptoon La-Pha, became the king of Bhutan and acquired the title of dharma raja. Bhutan probably became a distinct political entity about this period. La-Pha was succeeded by Doopgein Sheptoon, who consolidated Bhutan’s administrative organization through the appointment of regional penlops (governors of territories) and…

  • Sheptytsky, Andrey (Ukrainian metropolitan)

    Ukraine: Western Ukraine under Polish rule: …of the highly revered metropolitan Andrey Sheptytsky, the Greek Catholic church conducted its religious mission through numerous clergy and monastic orders. The church also ran a network of seminaries, schools, charitable and social service institutions, museums, and publications. Although Catholicism of the Roman rite remained privileged, the Greek Catholic church…

  • Shepway (district, England, United Kingdom)

    Shepway, district, southern administrative and historic county of Kent, England. It extends along the English Channel coast from north of Folkestone (the district headquarters) to south of the Dungeness promontory. Inland, the diverse landscapes of the district include a part of the chalk hills

  • Sheqalim (Judaism)

    Sabbath: Sheqalim (“shekels”), occurring on or before Adar I, refers to taxes and has as its text Exodus 30:11–16. On Zakhor (“remember”), Deuteronomy 25:17–19 reminds Jews how they were attacked by Amalek in the wilderness after their Exodus from Egypt. This Sabbath precedes the festival of…

  • sheqel (Israeli currency)

    Sheqel, monetary unit of Israel. The sheqel (plural: sheqalim) is divided into 100 agorot. Israel’s current monetary system, based on the New Israeli Sheqel (NIS), was established in 1985, when the old sheqel was replaced at a rate of 1,000 old sheqalim to 1 new sheqel (NIS 1). Israel has had

  • Shēr Shah of Sūr (Indian emperor)

    Shēr Shah of Sūr, emperor of north India (1540–45) in the Islamic Sūr (Afghan) dynasty of 1540–57 who organized a long-lived bureaucracy responsible to the ruler and created a carefully calculated revenue system. For the first time during the Islamic conquest the relationship between the people and

  • Shēr Shāhī (India)

    Delhi, city and national capital territory, north-central India. The city of Delhi actually consists of two components: Old Delhi, in the north, the historic city; and New Delhi, in the south, since 1947 the capital of India, built in the first part of the 20th century as the capital of British

  • Sher-Gil, Amrita (Indian painter)

    Amrita Sher-Gil, painter who was one of the pioneers of the modern movement in Indian art. Sher-Gil was born of an Indian father and a Hungarian mother. She had a precocious talent for painting that was noticed early, and she was encouraged in her pursuit by her uncle, Ervin Baktay, an Indologist

  • Sherabad Darya (river, Central Asia)

    Uzbekistan: Drainage: …the Amu Darya—the Surkhan and Sherabad, followed by the Zeravshan and Kashka—contribute little flow, for the last two trickle into nothing in the desert. The Syr Darya, the second largest river in Uzbekistan, forms there by the confluence of the Naryn and Qoradaryo rivers.

  • sherardizing (metallurgy)

    Sherardizing, means of forming a uniform, corrosion-resistant coating of zinc on the surface of iron or steel objects. The process, practiced since about 1900, is named for its English inventor Sherard O. Cowper-Coles. The object is heated in a sealed container with finely divided zinc to a

  • Sheraton (furniture)

    Duncan Phyfe: …executing delicate furniture in the Sheraton, Regency, and French Directoire styles. By 1825, as taste changed, his pieces had developed into the Empire style. His Sheraton chairs, tables, and sofas often had delicate, reeded legs, and his Empire pieces had massive claw feet. His furniture, with its low relief carvings…

  • Sheraton, Thomas (English furniture designer)

    Thomas Sheraton, English cabinetmaker and one of the leading exponents of Neoclassicism. Sheraton gave his name to a style of furniture characterized by a feminine refinement of late Georgian styles and became the most powerful source of inspiration behind the furniture of the late 18th century.

  • Sherbakov, Leonid (Soviet athlete)

    Adhemar Ferreira da Silva: In 1953 Soviet triple jumper Leonid Sherbakov set a world record that bested Ferreira da Silva’s mark by 0.01 metre. Two years later, in his 100th competition, Ferreira da Silva erased Sherbakov’s record with a 16.56-metre (54 foot 3.96 inch) leap, the longest of his career. At the 1956 Olympics…

  • Sherbert v. Verner (law case)

    First Amendment: Free exercise of religion: …for the court’s rulings in Sherbert v. Verner (1963) and Wisconsin v. Yoder (1972), in which the court strongly enforced this religious exemption requirement.

  • Sherbert/Yoder test (law)

    First Amendment: Free exercise of religion: …rule became known as the Sherbert/Yoder test, named for the court’s rulings in Sherbert v. Verner (1963) and Wisconsin v. Yoder (1972), in which the court strongly enforced this religious exemption requirement.

  • sherbet (frozen dessert)

    Sherbet, frozen dessert usually flavoured with fruit, made from water, sugar, flavourings, and milk or cream. Egg white or gelatin may be added to ensure a fine texture. Sherbets may also be flavoured with wine or liqueurs. By U.S. federal regulation, sherbets must contain a minimum of 1 percent

  • Sherbo, Vitali (Belarusian athlete)

    Vitaly Scherbo, Belarusian gymnast who was the first gymnast to win six gold medals in one Olympics. Scherbo, the son of athletes, quickly advanced in Soviet sports, competing in his first gymnastics meet at the age of seven. At age 15 he became a member of the Soviet national team, and his first

  • Sherbro (people)

    Sierra Leone: Ethnic groups: … in the east; and the Sherbro in the southwest. Minor groups include the coastal Bullom, Vai, and Krim and the Fulani and Malinke, who are immigrants from Guinea concentrated in the north and east. The Creoles—descendants of liberated blacks who colonized the coast from the late 18th to the mid-19th…

  • Sherbro Island (island, Sierra Leone)

    Sherbro Island, island in the Atlantic Ocean off the southwestern coast of Sierra Leone, separated from the African mainland by the Sherbro River (north) and the Sherbro Strait (east). It is 32 miles (51 km) long and up to 15 miles (24 km) wide. The western extremity is Cape St. Ann; Bonthe, on the

  • Sherbrooke (Quebec, Canada)

    Sherbrooke, city, Estrie region, southern Quebec province, Canada, at the confluence of the Magog and Saint-Fran?ois rivers. It originated as a fur-trading post, about 75 miles (120 km) east of Montreal city and 30 miles (48 km) north of the Vermont, U.S., boundary, and later served as a

  • Sherbrooke of Sherbrooke, Robert Lowe, Viscount (British politician)

    Robert Lowe, Viscount Sherbrooke, British Liberal Party politician whose effective opposition to the Liberals’ electoral Reform Bill of 1866 made it possible for the Conservatives to sponsor and take credit for the Reform Act of 1867. Despite his leadership of the renegade Liberals known as the

  • Sherente (people)

    Xerénte, Brazilian Indian group speaking Xerénte, a Macro-Ge language. The Xerénte live in northern Goias state, on a hilly upland plateau that is broken up by strips of forest that trace the courses of the rivers flowing through the region. They numbered approximately 500 in the late 20th century.

  • Sherer, Rabbi Moshe (American rabbi)

    Rabbi Moshe Sherer, American Orthodox Jewish leader who aided the right wing of Orthodox Judaism by helping build the Agudath Israel of America organization from a small group into an influential force (b. June 8, 1921, Brooklyn, N.Y.--d. May 17, 1998, Manhattan,

  • Shergil, Amrita (Indian painter)

    Amrita Sher-Gil, painter who was one of the pioneers of the modern movement in Indian art. Sher-Gil was born of an Indian father and a Hungarian mother. She had a precocious talent for painting that was noticed early, and she was encouraged in her pursuit by her uncle, Ervin Baktay, an Indologist

  • shergottite (astronomy)

    achondrite: howardites, lodranites, nakhlites, shergottites, and ureilites. The howardites, eucrites, and diogenites (HEDs) are from the large asteroid Vesta. The shergottites, nakhlites, and chassignites almost certainly came from Mars. In addition, a small group of achondrites are believed to be derived from the Moon.

  • Sheridan (Wyoming, United States)

    Sheridan, city, seat (1888) of Sheridan county, northern Wyoming, U.S., at the confluence of Big Goose and Little Goose creeks, on the east slope of the Bighorn Mountains near the Montana border. It was founded in 1882 and named for General Philip H. Sheridan, Union cavalry leader during the

  • Sheridan, Ann (American actress)

    John Farrow: Early life and work: …She Loved a Fireman, with Ann Sheridan; and Men in Exile. In 1938 he helmed The Invisible Menace (again starring Karloff) and two Sheridan vehicles—Little Miss Thoroughbred and Broadway Musketeers—along with the Kay Francis tearjerker My Bill.

  • Sheridan, Caroline Elizabeth Sarah (British writer)

    Caroline Norton, English poet and novelist whose matrimonial difficulties prompted successful efforts to secure legal protection for married women. Granddaughter of the playwright Richard Brinsley Sheridan, she began to write while in her teens. The Sorrows of Rosalie (1829) and The Undying One

  • Sheridan, Martin (American athlete)

    Martin Sheridan, Irish-born American athlete, one of the most versatile performers of his day. He was the winner of three Olympic gold medals and excelled at the 1906 Intercalated Games in Athens, winning six medals. Sheridan immigrated to the United States in 1897 and worked as a policeman during

  • Sheridan, Martin Joseph (American athlete)

    Martin Sheridan, Irish-born American athlete, one of the most versatile performers of his day. He was the winner of three Olympic gold medals and excelled at the 1906 Intercalated Games in Athens, winning six medals. Sheridan immigrated to the United States in 1897 and worked as a policeman during

  • Sheridan, Marty (American athlete)

    Martin Sheridan, Irish-born American athlete, one of the most versatile performers of his day. He was the winner of three Olympic gold medals and excelled at the 1906 Intercalated Games in Athens, winning six medals. Sheridan immigrated to the United States in 1897 and worked as a policeman during

  • Sheridan, Philip H. (United States general)

    Philip H. Sheridan, highly successful U.S. cavalry officer whose driving military leadership in the last year of the American Civil War was instrumental in defeating the Confederate Army. A graduate of the U.S. Military Academy at West Point, N.Y. (1853), Sheridan served mostly at frontier posts

  • Sheridan, Philip Henry (United States general)

    Philip H. Sheridan, highly successful U.S. cavalry officer whose driving military leadership in the last year of the American Civil War was instrumental in defeating the Confederate Army. A graduate of the U.S. Military Academy at West Point, N.Y. (1853), Sheridan served mostly at frontier posts

  • Sheridan, Richard Brinsley (Anglo-Irish playwright)

    Richard Brinsley Sheridan, Irish-born playwright, impresario, orator, and Whig politician. His plays, notably The School for Scandal (1777), form a link in the history of the comedy of manners between the end of the 17th century and Oscar Wilde in the 19th century. Sheridan was the third son of

  • Sheridan, Richard Brinsley Butler (Anglo-Irish playwright)

    Richard Brinsley Sheridan, Irish-born playwright, impresario, orator, and Whig politician. His plays, notably The School for Scandal (1777), form a link in the history of the comedy of manners between the end of the 17th century and Oscar Wilde in the 19th century. Sheridan was the third son of

  • Sheridan, Thomas (Irish actor)

    Thomas Sheridan, Irish-born actor and theatrical manager and father of the dramatist Richard Brinsley Sheridan. While an undergraduate at Trinity College, Dublin, Sheridan wrote a farce, The Brave Irishman, or Captain O’Blunder, and after a successful appearance as Richard III at the Smock Alley

  • Sheridan, Tony (British musician)

    Tony Sheridan, (Anthony Esmond Sheridan McGinnity), British musician (born May 21, 1940, Norwich, Eng.—died Feb. 16, 2013, Hamburg, Ger.), was an English rock and roll star in the Reeperbahn district in Hamburg and a significant influence on the Beatles, who in 1961 played backup on his recordings

  • sheriff (law)

    Sheriff, a senior executive officer in an English county or smaller area who performs a variety of administrative and judicial functions. Officers of this name also exist in Wales, Scotland, Northern Ireland, and the United States. In England the office of sheriff existed before the Norman C

  • sheriff court (Scottish law)

    Scottish law: Courts of law: …lower civil court is the sheriff court, which is an ancient court dating back to the 12th century. Scotland is divided into several sheriffdoms, each staffed by a sheriff-principal and a number of full-time sheriffs. Courts are held regularly in all the major towns of each sheriffdom. Sheriff courts have…

  • Sheriff, Laurence (English gentleman)

    Rugby: …for boys in 1567 by Laurence Sheriff, a local resident, and was endowed with sundry estates, including Sheriff’s own house. The school flourished under the headship of Thomas Arnold between 1828 and 1842 and became, under his rule, a model of the British public school for following generations. It was…

  • Sheriff, Paul (Russian-British art director and designer)
  • Sheriffs, Inquest of (British history)

    United Kingdom: Government of England: …inquiry into local administration, the Inquest of Sheriffs, was held, and many sheriffs were dismissed.

  • Sherira ben ?anina (Jewish scholar)

    Hai ben Sherira: He assisted his father, Sherira ben ?anina, in teaching and later as chief of court of the academy. A false accusation to the caliph by Jewish adversaries caused them both to be imprisoned briefly (997). When they were freed, Hai’s father appointed him gaon (998).

  • Sherley, Sir Anthony (English soldier)

    ?Abbās I: Life: …Sir Anthony and Sir Robert Sherley—the former an adventurer, the latter a loyal servant of the Shah who distinguished himself in the wars against the Ottomans. The reign of Shah ?Abbās was a period of intense commercial and diplomatic activity, and, in the Persian Gulf, the Portuguese, the Dutch, and…

  • Sherley, Sir Robert (English soldier)

    ?Abbās I: Life: …Sir Anthony and Sir Robert Sherley—the former an adventurer, the latter a loyal servant of the Shah who distinguished himself in the wars against the Ottomans. The reign of Shah ?Abbās was a period of intense commercial and diplomatic activity, and, in the Persian Gulf, the Portuguese, the Dutch, and…

  • Sherlock (British television program)

    Benedict Cumberbatch: Breakthrough as Sherlock Holmes: …in the BBC television series Sherlock, based on the stories of Sir Arthur Conan Doyle. The adaptation placed the characters of the classic Victorian-era tales in 21st-century London and captured viewers’ imaginations with its contemporary Holmes, who used nicotine patches (a nod to Conan Doyle’s pipe-smoking Holmes) and was a…

  • Sherlock Gnomes (film by Stevenson [2018])

    Johnny Depp: Later films: …character in the animated feature Sherlock Gnomes. Later that year he assumed the role of the eponymous dark wizard in Fantastic Beasts: The Crimes of Grindelwald (2018), the second installation of a movie series based on J.K. Rowling’s world of Harry Potter.

  • Sherlock Holmes (play by Gillette)

    William Hooker Gillette: … (1895); and his famous play Sherlock Holmes (1899). This play, first produced in New York and later in England, was often revived in both countries with Gillette in the leading role. His only motion-picture appearance was in 1915 as Holmes.

  • Sherlock Holmes (film by Howard [1932])

    William K. Howard: Sound era: …struggle through hard times, and Sherlock Holmes, starring Clive Brook as Sir Arthur Conan Doyle’s fictional detective and Ernest Torrence as the diabolical Professor Moriarty. That year also saw the release of The Trial of Vivienne Ware, which earned praise for its innovative camera work.

  • Sherlock Holmes (film by Ritchie [2009])

    Rachel McAdams: She also featured in Sherlock Holmes (2009) and its sequel (2011) as Irene Adler, a loosely interpreted version of one of the few love interests to cross Holmes’s path in the detective series by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle upon which the films were based.

  • Sherlock Holmes: A Game of Shadows (film by Ritchie [2011])

    Noomi Rapace: …in her first English-language film, Sherlock Holmes: A Game of Shadows. She subsequently had roles in the science-fiction thriller Prometheus (2012) and in the crime dramas Dead Man Down (2013) and The Drop (2014). In 2015 she appeared as the wife of a Soviet MGB agent in Child 44, and…

  • Sherlock Holmes: Pioneer in Forensic Science

    Between Edgar Allan Poe’s invention of the detective story with “The Murders in the Rue Morgue” in 1841 and Arthur Conan Doyle’s first Sherlock Holmes story A Study in Scarlet in 1887, chance and coincidence played a large part in crime fiction. Wilkie Collins’s story “Who Killed Zebedee?” (1881)

  • Sherlock, Dame Sheila Patricia Violet (British physician)

    Dame Sheila Patricia Violet Sherlock, British hepatologist (born March 18, 1918, Dublin, Ire.—died Dec. 30, 2001, London, Eng.), was one of the world’s leading authorities on diseases of the liver and served as professor of medicine (1959–83) at London’s Royal Free Hospital School of Medicine, w

  • Sherluck (racehorse)

    Carry Back: The winner was Sherluck, a 65–1 outsider. Carry Back was retired to stud in 1963 and died in 1983. He was inducted into the National Museum of Racing’s Hall of Fame in 1975.

  • Sherma’arke, Cabdirashiid Cali (president of Somalia)

    Somalia: The era of Scientific Socialism: Cabdirashiid Cali Sherma?arke (Abdirashid Ali Shermarke) on Oct. 15, 1969, provoked a government crisis, of which the military took advantage to stage a coup on October 21.

  • Sherman (military vehicle)

    Sherman tank, main battle tank designed and built by the United States for the conduct of World War II. The M4 General Sherman was the most widely used tank series among the Western Allies, being employed not only by the U.S. Army and Marine Corps but also by British, Canadian, and Free French

  • Sherman (Texas, United States)

    Sherman, city, seat (1846) of Grayson county, northern Texas, U.S. It lies on a watershed split between the Red and Trinity rivers, near Lake Texoma and Denison. Founded in the 1840s, it was named for General Sidney Sherman, a cavalry officer during the Texas Revolution and an early railroad

  • Sherman Antitrust Act (United States [1890])

    Sherman Antitrust Act, first legislation enacted by the U.S. Congress (1890) to curb concentrations of power that interfere with trade and reduce economic competition. It was named for U.S. Sen. John Sherman of Ohio, who was an expert on the regulation of commerce. One of the act’s main provisions

  • Sherman Silver Purchase Act (United States [1890])

    United States: The silver issue: …antitrust law, it enacted the Sherman Silver Purchase Act, which required the secretary of the treasury to purchase each month 4,500,000 ounces (130,000 kilograms) of silver at the market price. This act superseded the Bland–Allison Act of 1878, effectively increasing the government’s monthly purchase of silver by more than 50…

  • Sherman tank (military vehicle)

    Sherman tank, main battle tank designed and built by the United States for the conduct of World War II. The M4 General Sherman was the most widely used tank series among the Western Allies, being employed not only by the U.S. Army and Marine Corps but also by British, Canadian, and Free French

  • Sherman’s March to the Sea (American Civil War)

    American Civil War: Sherman’s Georgia campaigns and total war: …15, he commenced his great March to the Sea with 62,000 men, laying waste to the economic resources of Georgia in a 50-mile- (80-km-) wide swath of destruction. He captured Savannah, 285 miles (460 km) from Atlanta, on December 21.

  • Sherman, Cindy (American photographer)

    Cindy Sherman, American photographer known for her images—particularly her elaborately “disguised” self-portraits—that comment on social role-playing and sexual stereotypes. Sherman grew up on Long Island, New York. In 1972 she enrolled at the State University of New York (SUNY) at Buffalo and

  • Sherman, Cynthia Morris (American photographer)

    Cindy Sherman, American photographer known for her images—particularly her elaborately “disguised” self-portraits—that comment on social role-playing and sexual stereotypes. Sherman grew up on Long Island, New York. In 1972 she enrolled at the State University of New York (SUNY) at Buffalo and

  • Sherman, Emile (Australian film producer)
  • Sherman, James Schoolcraft (vice president of United States)

    James Sherman, 27th vice president of the United States (1909–12) in the Republican administration of President William Howard Taft. Sherman was the son of Richard Updike Sherman, a newspaper editor and Democratic Party politician, and Mary Frances Sherman. Admitted to the New York bar in 1879,

  • Sherman, John (United States statesman)

    John Sherman, American statesman, financial administrator, and author of major legislation concerning currency and regulation of commerce. A younger brother of General William Tecumseh Sherman, he practiced law in Ohio before entering politics. He served in the U.S. House of Representatives

  • Sherman, Lowell (American motion-picture director)

    She Done Him Wrong: Production notes and credits:

  • Sherman, Richard M. (American composer and screenwriter)

    Mary Poppins: Production notes and credits:

  • Sherman, Robert B. (American composer and screenwriter)

    Robert Bernard Sherman, American songwriter (born Dec. 19, 1925, Brooklyn, N.Y.—died March 5, 2012, London, Eng.), delighted moviegoers with dozens of catchy songs and film scores, all created with his younger brother, Richard Sherman. Their quintessential work was for Walt Disney Productions,

  • Sherman, Robert Bernard (American composer and screenwriter)

    Robert Bernard Sherman, American songwriter (born Dec. 19, 1925, Brooklyn, N.Y.—died March 5, 2012, London, Eng.), delighted moviegoers with dozens of catchy songs and film scores, all created with his younger brother, Richard Sherman. Their quintessential work was for Walt Disney Productions,

  • Sherman, Roger (American politician)

    Roger Sherman, American politician whose plan for representation of large and small states prevented a deadlock at the U.S. Constitutional Convention of 1787. After learning shoemaking, Sherman moved to Connecticut in 1743, joining a brother there two years after his father had died, and became

  • Sherman, Vincent (American director)

    Vincent Sherman, American director who was especially known for so-called “women’s pictures,” films that were geared to female audiences. Sherman began his film career as an actor and appeared in several productions, most notably William Wyler’s Counsellor at Law (1933). In the late 1930s he

  • Sherman, William Tecumseh (United States general)

    William Tecumseh Sherman, American Civil War general and a major architect of modern warfare. He led Union forces in crushing campaigns through the South, marching through Georgia and the Carolinas (1864–65). Named Tecumseh in honour of the renowned Shawnee chieftain, Sherman was one of eight

  • Shermarke, Abdirashid Ali (president of Somalia)

    Somalia: The era of Scientific Socialism: Cabdirashiid Cali Sherma?arke (Abdirashid Ali Shermarke) on Oct. 15, 1969, provoked a government crisis, of which the military took advantage to stage a coup on October 21.

  • Sherpa (language)

    Sherpa: …and speak a language called Sherpa, which is closely related to the form of Tibetan spoken in Tibet. Sherpa is predominately a spoken language, although it is occasionally written in the Tibetan or Devanagari script. The greatest number of Sherpas live in Nepal and speak Nepali in addition to their…

  • Sherpa (people)

    Sherpa, group of some 150,000 mountain-dwelling people of Nepal; Sikkim state, India; and Tibet (China); they are related to the Bhutia. Small groups of Sherpas also live in parts of North America, Australia, and Europe. Sherpas are of Tibetan culture and descent and speak a language called Sherpa,

  • Sherriff, R. C. (British writer)

    R.C. Sherriff, English playwright and screenwriter, remembered for his Journey’s End (1928), a World War I play that won wide critical acclaim. After attending grammar school at Kingston on Thames, Sherriff worked in his father’s insurance business until he entered the army in World War I, serving

  • Sherriff, Robert Cedric (British writer)

    R.C. Sherriff, English playwright and screenwriter, remembered for his Journey’s End (1928), a World War I play that won wide critical acclaim. After attending grammar school at Kingston on Thames, Sherriff worked in his father’s insurance business until he entered the army in World War I, serving

  • Sherrill, Billy (American songwriter and producer)

    Billy Norris Sherrill, American country music songwriter and producer (born Nov. 5, 1936, Phil Campbell, Ala.—died Aug. 4, 2015, Nashville, Tenn.), was during the 1960s and ’70s one of the most successful and influential writers and producers of country music; he was one of the architects of the

  • Sherrill, Billy Norris (American songwriter and producer)

    Billy Norris Sherrill, American country music songwriter and producer (born Nov. 5, 1936, Phil Campbell, Ala.—died Aug. 4, 2015, Nashville, Tenn.), was during the 1960s and ’70s one of the most successful and influential writers and producers of country music; he was one of the architects of the

  • Sherrin, Edward George (British author, director, and producer)

    Ned Sherrin, (Edward George Sherrin), British writer, director, producer, and raconteur (born Feb. 18, 1931, Somerset, Eng.—died Oct. 1, 2007, London, Eng.), created a new genre of television comedy as the creator, director, and producer of the wildly popular, irreverent BBC “news” program That Was

  • Sherrin, Ned (British author, director, and producer)

    Ned Sherrin, (Edward George Sherrin), British writer, director, producer, and raconteur (born Feb. 18, 1931, Somerset, Eng.—died Oct. 1, 2007, London, Eng.), created a new genre of television comedy as the creator, director, and producer of the wildly popular, irreverent BBC “news” program That Was

  • Sherrington’s law (physiology)

    Sir Charles Scott Sherrington: …of muscles, also known as Sherrington’s law: when one set of muscles is stimulated, muscles opposing the action of the first are simultaneously inhibited.

  • Sherrington, Sir Charles Scott (British physiologist)

    Sir Charles Scott Sherrington, English physiologist whose 50 years of experimentation laid the foundations for an understanding of integrated nervous function in higher animals and brought him (with Edgar Adrian) the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine in 1932. Sherrington was educated at

  • sherry (alcoholic beverage)

    Sherry, fortified wine of Spanish origin that typically has a distinctive nutty flavour. It takes its name from the province of Jerez de la Frontera in Andalusia, Spain, sherry being an Anglicization of Jerez. The substance is also produced elsewhere—notably in Cyprus, South Africa, Australia, and

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