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  • Sismondi, J.-C.-L. Simonde de (Swiss economist)

    J.-C.-L. Simonde de Sismondi, Swiss economist and historian who warned against the perils of unchecked industrialism. His pioneering theories on the nature of economic crises and the risks of limitless competition, overproduction, and underconsumption influenced such later economists as Karl Marx

  • Sismondi, Jean-Charles-Léonard Simonde de (Swiss economist)

    J.-C.-L. Simonde de Sismondi, Swiss economist and historian who warned against the perils of unchecked industrialism. His pioneering theories on the nature of economic crises and the risks of limitless competition, overproduction, and underconsumption influenced such later economists as Karl Marx

  • sismondine (mineral)

    chloritoid: … the magnesium-rich variety is called sismondine. For chemical formula and detailed properties, see mica (table).

  • Sisodia Rajput (Indian clan)

    Udaipur: …in the 8th century by Sisodia Rajputs (warrior rulers of the historic region of Rajputana). The dynasty later made a long resistance to the Muslim invasions. In the 18th century the state suffered from internal dissension and incursions by the Marathas. It came under British paramountcy in 1818. In 1948…

  • Sisoridae (fish)

    ostariophysan: Annotated classification: Family Sisoridae (mountain-stream catfishes) Ventral surface flat; thorax with longitudinal plates or adhesive organ. Size to 30 cm (12 inches). Asia. 17 genera, at least 112 species. Family Clariidae (air-breathing catfishes) Long dorsal and anal fins without spines; adipose fin usually lacking. Treelike air-breathing organ. Food fishes.

  • Sisovat (king of Cambodia)

    Sisowath, king of Cambodia from 1904 until his death. He was a figurehead for the French colonial administration, which had secured the protectorate over Cambodia in a treaty signed by Sisowath’s half-brother Norodom in 1863. With Norodom, Sisowath received his education under the surveillance of

  • Sisowath (king of Cambodia)

    Sisowath, king of Cambodia from 1904 until his death. He was a figurehead for the French colonial administration, which had secured the protectorate over Cambodia in a treaty signed by Sisowath’s half-brother Norodom in 1863. With Norodom, Sisowath received his education under the surveillance of

  • Sisseton (people)

    The Difference Between a Tribe and a Band: …those tribes, such as the Sisseton (Dakota), Sicangu (Lakota), and Yankton (Nakota), came to be called bands.

  • Sissle, Noble (American lyricist, vocalist, band leader, and civic official)

    Noble Sissle, American lyricist, vocalist, bandleader, and civic official who was best known for his work with pianist and composer Eubie Blake, with whom he cocreated Shuffle Along, the 1921 musical comedy that broke from the caricatured imagery of blackface minstrelsy to restore authentic black

  • Sissle, Noble Lee (American lyricist, vocalist, band leader, and civic official)

    Noble Sissle, American lyricist, vocalist, bandleader, and civic official who was best known for his work with pianist and composer Eubie Blake, with whom he cocreated Shuffle Along, the 1921 musical comedy that broke from the caricatured imagery of blackface minstrelsy to restore authentic black

  • sissoo (plant)

    Delhi: City site: The sissoo (shisham; Dalbergia sissoo) tree, which yields a dark brown and durable timber, is commonly found in the plains. Riverine vegetation, consisting of weeds and grass, occurs on the banks of the Yamuna. New Delhi is known for its flowering shade trees, such as the neem (Azadirachta…

  • Sissu (historical state, Anatolia)

    Anatolia: The Cimmerians, Lydia, and Cilicia, c. 700–547 bce: …prince of Kundu (Cyinda) and Sissu (Sisium, modern Sis), who had allied himself with Phoenician rebels against Assyrian rule. The regions to the north of the Cilician plain repeatedly caused trouble for Assyria. Early in the reign of Ashurbanipal (668–627), however, another Cimmerian invasion threatened the Anatolian states, arousing such…

  • Sista (music group)

    Missy Elliott: …DeVante Swing signed Elliott’s group, Sista, to his Swing Mob Records label. Lack of funds prevented the release of Sista’s debut album, however, and the group subsequently broke up. Elliott teamed up with childhood friend Timbaland to cowrite and coproduce songs for the American rhythm-and-blues artists Jodeci and Aaliyah. Elliott…

  • Sīstān (depression, Asia)

    Sīstān, extensive border region, eastern Iran and southwestern Afghanistan. Forty percent of its area is in Iran, as well as the majority of its sparse population. The region comprises a large depression some 1,500–1,700 feet (450–520 m) in elevation. Numerous rivers fill a series of lagoons

  • Sīstān depression (depression, Asia)

    Sīstān, extensive border region, eastern Iran and southwestern Afghanistan. Forty percent of its area is in Iran, as well as the majority of its sparse population. The region comprises a large depression some 1,500–1,700 feet (450–520 m) in elevation. Numerous rivers fill a series of lagoons

  • Sistani, Ali al- (Shī?ite cleric)

    Ali al-Sistani, Iranian-born Shi?i cleric and a leader of the Iraqi Shi?i community. Born to a prominent religious family, Sistani studied the Qur?ān from a young age. In his early 20s he left Iran to continue his studies in Iraq, becoming a disciple of Grand Ayatollah Abu al-Qasim al-Khoei in

  • Sīstānī, ?Alī al-?usaynī al- (Shī?ite cleric)

    Ali al-Sistani, Iranian-born Shi?i cleric and a leader of the Iraqi Shi?i community. Born to a prominent religious family, Sistani studied the Qur?ān from a young age. In his early 20s he left Iran to continue his studies in Iraq, becoming a disciple of Grand Ayatollah Abu al-Qasim al-Khoei in

  • Siste Atenaren, Den (work by Rydberg)

    Viktor Rydberg: …which Den siste Atenaren (The Last Athenian), the novel that made his name, appeared serially in 1859. Its description of the clash between paganism and Christianity in ancient Athens revealed his opposition to clerical intolerance and orthodoxy and had a direct bearing on conditions in Sweden. He had previously…

  • siste viking, Den (work by Bojer)

    Lofoten: …in Den siste viking (1921; Last of the Vikings, 1923).

  • Sistema Económico Latinoamericano

    Latin American Economic System (SELA), association formed to promote economic cooperation and development throughout the region of Latin America. Established in 1975 through the Panama Convention, SELA succeeded the Special Committee for Latin American Coordination (CECLA). Nearly 30 Latin American

  • Sistema Penibético (mountains, Spain)

    Baetic Cordillera, mountain system comprising the Andalusian mountains of southeastern Spain. The northern range (called pre-Baetic in Andalusia and sub-Baetic in Valencia) runs about 360 miles (580 km) from Cape Trafalgar in Andalusia to Cape Nao in Valencia, and it continues in a submerged form

  • sistema periodico, Il (memoirs by Levi)

    The Periodic Table, collection of memoirs by Primo Levi, published in Italian as Il sistema periodico in 1975 and regarded as his masterwork. It is a cycle of 21 autobiographical stories, each named after and inspired by a chemical element. To Levi, who was a chemist as well as a writer, each

  • Sister Carrie (novel by Dreiser)

    Sister Carrie, first novel by Theodore Dreiser, published in 1900 but suppressed until 1912. Sister Carrie is a work of pivotal importance in American literature, and it became a model for subsequent American writers of realism. Sister Carrie tells the story of a rudderless but pretty small-town

  • Sister Elsie Peak (mountain, Los Angeles, California, United States)

    Los Angeles: City site: …beach community of Venice to Mount Lukens, which rises above 5,100 feet (1,550 metres). The city started in 1781 as a tiny village of 28 square miles (73 square km) but expanded greatly through a series of annexations when it first established an ironclad legal monopoly over the Los Angeles…

  • Sister Emmanuelle (Belgian-born Roman Catholic nun and social activist)

    Sister Emmanuelle, (Madeleine Cinquin), Belgian-born Roman Catholic nun and social activist (born Nov. 16, 1908, Brussels, Belg.—died Oct. 20, 2008, Callian, France), lived for more than two decades among the zabbaleen, the garbage scavengers in the slums of Cairo, where she established schools,

  • Sister Kenny (film by Nichols and Gage [1946])

    Rosalind Russell: …playing the title role in Sister Kenny (1946), about the Australian nurse Elizabeth Kenny, who developed a novel way to treat infantile paralysis. Russell appeared opposite Michael Redgrave in the film version of Eugene O’Neill’s Mourning Becomes Electra (1947), garnering another Oscar nomination.

  • Sister Kenny Institute (medical facility, Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States)

    Elizabeth Kenny: …American colleagues, she opened the Sister Kenny Institute in Minneapolis, and the Kenny method earned wide acclaim. Kenny subsequently became one of America’s most admired women of her era and was given honorary degrees and invited to deliver talks.

  • Sister Lovers (album by Big Star)

    Alex Chilton: Big Star’s final album, Third (also released as Sister Lovers; 1978), was a dark, meandering affair that lacked the focus of its predecessors. In spite of this, songs such as “Kangaroo” offered a glimpse of the noise-pop sound that would emerge in the 1980s with groups such as the…

  • Sister Mary Irene (American Roman Catholic nun)

    Sister Irene Fitzgibbon, American Roman Catholic nun who established programs in New York City for the welfare of foundling children and unwed mothers. Fitzgibbon immigrated to the United States with her parents in 1832 and grew up in Brooklyn, New York. In 1850 she entered the novitiate of the

  • Sister Sledge (American R&B group)

    Joni Sledge: …Kathy, of the R&B group Sister Sledge, best known for its smash 1979 disco hit “We Are Family.”

  • sister taxa (taxonomy)

    conservation: Calculating background extinction rates: Taxonomists call such related species sister taxa, following the analogy that they are splits from their “parent” species.

  • Sister Wendy’s American Collection (British television program)

    Sister Wendy Beckett: Four years later Sister Wendy’s American Collection aired, profiling six notable American museums. In addition to her work on the small screen, Sister Wendy continued to write art books, including The Story of Painting (1994) and Sister Wendy’s American Masterpieces (2000). Maintaining her vow of poverty, she donated…

  • Sister Wendy’s Grand Tour (British television program)

    Sister Wendy Beckett: Two other series on art, Sister Wendy’s Grand Tour (1994) and Sister Wendy’s Story of Painting (1997), appeared on the BBC and were soon shown throughout Europe.

  • Sister Wendy’s Odyssey (British television program)

    Sister Wendy Beckett: … (BBC) producer, and in 1992 Sister Wendy’s Odyssey made its debut. The series followed a simple format: Sister Wendy stood next to an artwork and gave her reaction to the piece. With humour and a gift for storytelling, she brought life and drama to the work. The series was a…

  • Sister Wendy’s Story of Painting (British television program)

    Sister Wendy Beckett: …Wendy’s Grand Tour (1994) and Sister Wendy’s Story of Painting (1997), appeared on the BBC and were soon shown throughout Europe.

  • Sisterhood of the Holy Communion (American religious order)

    Anne Ayres: …organized in 1852 as the Sisterhood of the Holy Communion, with Sister Anne as “First Sister.” The sisters adopted regulation dress but no habits and, instead of vows, made pledges of service, renewable in three-year terms.

  • Sisters (work by Mukhtar)

    Uzbekistan: Cultural life: 1921), whose Socialist Realist novel Ap? singill?r (Sisters; original and translation published during the 1950s), has been translated into English and other languages. Mukhtar, along with others of his generation, effectively encouraged the creative efforts of younger Uzbek poets and authors, a group far less burdened than their elders by…

  • Sisters (film by Moore [2015])

    Tina Fey: …at their childhood home in Sisters (2015). After narrating the nature documentary Monkey Kingdom (2015), Fey portrayed a reporter who is sent to cover the Afghanistan War in the dark comedy Whiskey Tango Foxtrot (2016). She had guest spots on various TV shows and a recurring role in the series…

  • Sisters (film by De Palma [1973])

    Brian De Palma: The 1970s: …to make the cult thriller Sisters, which starred Margot Kidder in a dual role as separated Siamese twin sisters, one of whom is a killer. It was the first of De Palma’s many homages to Hitchcock, featuring aspects of Psycho (1960) and Rear Window (1954) and music by Bernard Herrmann,…

  • Sisters Brothers, The (film by Audiard [2018])

    Jacques Audiard: …helmed Les Frères Sisters (The Sisters Brothers), a crime comedy set in the American West during the 1850s.

  • Sisters in Crime (American organization)

    Sara Paretsky: …the mid-1980s Paretsky helped found Sisters in Crime to promote the work of other women mystery writers and to challenge the publication of crime stories marred by gratuitous violence against women. She edited A Woman’s Eye, a collection of crime stories by women, in 1991. Writing in an Age of…

  • Sisters Materassi (work by Palazzeschi)

    Italian literature: The return to order: …and Sorelle Materassi (1934; The Sisters Materassi), reached the height of his storytelling powers. Meanwhile, the Florentine literary reviews Solaria, Frontespizio, and Letteratura, while having to tread carefully with the authorities, provided an outlet for new talent. Carlo Emilio Gadda had his first narrative work (

  • Sisters of Social Service (international organization)

    Sister Simone Campbell: …vows 1973) after joining the Sisters of Social Service (1964), an international Roman Catholic community rooted in the Benedictine tradition. She received a bachelor’s degree (1969) from Mount St. Mary’s College, Los Angeles, and a doctorate in law (1977) from the University of California, Davis, where she was the editor…

  • Sisters of the Yam (American organization)

    bell hooks: …for black women called the Sisters of the Yam, which she later used as the title of a book, published in 1993, celebrating black sisterhood. Her other writings include Feminist Theory from Margin to Center (1984), Talking Back: Thinking Feminist, Thinking Black (1989), Black Looks: Race and Representation (1992), Killing…

  • Sisters Rosensweig, The (play by Wasserstein)

    Wendy Wasserstein: The Sisters Rosensweig (1992) continues the theme into middle age. Later plays include An American Daughter (1997) and Third (2005).

  • Sisters, The (film by Litvak [1938])

    Anatole Litvak: The Hollywood years: In The Sisters (1938), a solid drama set in the early 1900s, Bette Davis played a woman unhappily married to a reporter (Errol Flynn) while her siblings (Anita Louise and Jane Bryan) struggle with their own problems. More topical was Confessions of a Nazi Spy (1939),…

  • Sistine Ceiling (chapel, Vatican City)

    Sistine Chapel, papal chapel in the Vatican Palace that was erected in 1473–81 by the architect Giovanni dei Dolci for Pope Sixtus IV (hence its name). It is famous for its Renaissance frescoes by Michelangelo. The Sistine Chapel is a rectangular brick building with six arched windows on each of

  • Sistine Chapel (chapel, Vatican City)

    Sistine Chapel, papal chapel in the Vatican Palace that was erected in 1473–81 by the architect Giovanni dei Dolci for Pope Sixtus IV (hence its name). It is famous for its Renaissance frescoes by Michelangelo. The Sistine Chapel is a rectangular brick building with six arched windows on each of

  • Sistine Madonna (work by Raphael)

    Christology: The Middle Ages through the 19th century: …infant Jesus, as in Raphael’s Sistine Madonna (1513). Paintings of the Crucifixion, however, are much less sentimental. One notable example is Matthias Grunewald’s Isenheim Altarpiece (1515), which depicts Jesus’ body ravaged by crucifixion yet evokes pointedly the Christian message of Jesus’ horrible suffering; originally intended for a hospital, the altar…

  • Sisto, Jeremy (American actor)

    Emma: Legacy: …Murphy as Tai (Harriet), and Jeremy Sisto as Elton (Mr. Elton). Unlike the original novel, Clueless is set in Beverly Hills, California, in the mid-1990s. The film achieved cult status in the 21st century. Other notable screen adaptations of Emma were released in 1996 and 2009.

  • Sistova (Bulgaria)

    Svishtov, town, northern Bulgaria, on the terraced bank of the Danube River. Svishtov is one of the largest Bulgarian Danube ports and is a cultural centre. The Romans built on a strategic site near the town in the 1st century ad. There is little historical record of the town during the First and

  • Sistova, Treaty of (European history)

    Austria: Conflicts with revolutionary France, 1790–1805: …concluded until August 1791 (Treaty of Sistova). (See also Jassy, Treaty of.)

  • sistrum (musical instrument)

    Sistrum, percussion instrument, a rattle consisting of a wood, metal, or clay frame set loosely with crossbars (often hung with jingles) that sound when the instrument is shaken. A handle is attached to the frame. In ancient Egypt, sistrums were either temple-shaped or had a closed-horseshoe shape.

  • Sistrurus (snake genus)

    rattlesnake: …to a more primitive genus, Sistrurus, which includes the North American massasauga (S. catenatus) and pygmy rattler (S. miliarius). These rattlesnakes have nine large scales on the upper surface of their heads.

  • Sistrurus catenatus (reptile)

    Massasauga, (Sistrurus catenatus), small North American rattlesnake of the family Viperidae, found in prairies, swamps, and woodlands from the Great Lakes to Arizona. It is typically 45 to 75 cm (18 to 30 inches) long. The massasauga may be totally black but is more commonly gray or tan with rows

  • Sistrurus miliarius (snake)

    rattlesnake: catenatus) and pygmy rattler (S. miliarius). These rattlesnakes have nine large scales on the upper surface of their heads.

  • Sisulu, Albertina (South African political activist)

    Albertina Sisulu, (Nontsikelelo Thethiwe), South African political activist (born Oct. 21, 1918, Camama, Cape Province [now in Eastern Cape province], S.Af.—died June 2, 2011, Johannesburg, S.Af.), was a revered figure in the struggle against South Africa’s apartheid system as the wife of African

  • Sisulu, Walter (South African leader)

    Walter Max Ulyate Sisulu, South African political activist (born May 18, 1912, Engcobo, S.Af.—died May 5, 2003, Johannesburg, S.Af.), was a political mentor of Nelson Mandela and a prominent African National Congress (ANC) member who helped lead the battle against apartheid, the South African g

  • ?i?upālavadha (poem by Māgha)

    South Asian arts: The mahākāvya: His ?i?upālavadha (“The Slaying of King ?i?upāla”) is based on an episode of the Mahābhārata in which the rival King ?i?upāla insults the hero-god Krishna, who beheads him in the ensuing duel. Māgha is a master of technique in the strict Sanskrit sense of luscious descriptions;…

  • siSwati language (language)

    Eswatini: Ethnic groups: The language is siSwati, which is akin to Zulu, though it shares official status with English, which is in fact used generally for official written communication.

  • Sisymbrium (plant, Sisymbrium genus)

    Rocket, (genus Sisymbrium), genus of 90 species of plants of the mustard family (Brassicaceae). Rockets are often weedy and are common in waste areas and fields of the Northern Hemisphere and mountains in the Southern Hemisphere. The plants bear white or yellow four-petaled flowers and produce

  • Sisymbrium altissimum (plant)
  • Sisymbrium officinale (plant)

    rocket: Hedge mustard (S. officinale), also a Eurasian species, has pods close to the stem and is naturalized in North America. Tumble mustard, or tall rocket (S. altissimum), is also naturalized in North America and forms a tumbleweed as it dries. London rocket (S. irio) has…

  • Sisymbrium orientale (plant)

    rocket: Eastern rocket, or Indian hedge mustard (S. orientale), is a Eurasian annual some 30–60 cm (1–2 feet) tall with long pods and clusters of small flowers at the stem tip. Hedge mustard (S. officinale), also a Eurasian species, has pods close to the stem and…

  • Sisyphus (Greek mythology)

    Sisyphus, in Greek mythology, the cunning king of Corinth who was punished in Hades by having repeatedly to roll a huge stone up a hill only to have it roll down again as soon as he had brought it to the summit. This fate is related in Homer’s Odyssey, Book XI. In Homer’s Iliad, Book VI, Sisyphus,

  • Sisyridae (insect)

    Spongillafly, (family Sisyridae), any of a group of insects (order Neuroptera) that are smoky brown in colour and resemble lacewings. Females deposit clusters of eggs under a silky web near or on the water. The larva lives as a parasite on a freshwater sponge. It leaves the water when fully grown

  • Sisyrinchium (plant)

    Blue-eyed grass, any of the more than 75 species of Sisyrinchium, native to the Americas and the Caribbean. These grasslike members of the iris family (Iridaceae) bear starry, yellow, white, or blue to violet flowers with six petallike segments and wiry, fibrous rootstalks. Two species, S.

  • Sisyrinchium angustifolium (plant)

    blue-eyed grass: … from the West Indies, and S. angustifolium, from North America, have been naturalized in parts of Europe. The West Indian species has tall (50-centimetre [20-inch]) flower stems that bear 2-centimetre yellow-eyed blooms; S. angustifolium has smaller flowers. A Chilean plant, S. striatum, bears a spike up to 90 cm tall…

  • Sisyrinchium bermudiana (plant)

    blue-eyed grass: Two species, S. bermudiana, from the West Indies, and S. angustifolium, from North America, have been naturalized in parts of Europe. The West Indian species has tall (50-centimetre [20-inch]) flower stems that bear 2-centimetre yellow-eyed blooms; S. angustifolium has smaller flowers. A Chilean plant, S. striatum, bears…

  • Sisyrinchium striatum (plant)

    blue-eyed grass: A Chilean plant, S. striatum, bears a spike up to 90 cm tall with clusters of creamy white blooms.

  • sit spin (ice skating)

    figure skating: Spins: A sit spin is done in sitting position, with the body supported by the leg that controls the spin as the free leg extends beside the bent skating leg. The layback spin, usually performed by women, requires an upright position; the skater arches her back and…

  • ?ít Víry (work by Chel?icky)

    Peter Chel?icky: …most fully expounded in his ?ít Víry (1440; “Net of the Faith”), gave rise to the sect of the Bohemian Brethren. The utopian, anarchistic vein of his thought influenced the novelist Leo Tolstoy.

  • sit-down strike (industrial relations)

    sit-in: …similar to the sit-in, the sit-down, has been used by unions to occupy plants of companies that were being struck. The sit-down was first used on a large scale in the United States during the United Automobile Workers’ strike against the General Motors Corporation in 1937. See also civil disobedience.

  • sit-in (social protest)

    Sit-in, a tactic of nonviolent civil disobedience. The demonstrators enter a business or a public place and remain seated until forcibly evicted or until their grievances are answered. Attempts to terminate the essentially passive sit-in often appear brutal, thus arousing sympathy for the

  • sit-in movement (United States history)

    Sit-in movement, nonviolent movement of the U.S. civil rights era that began in Greensboro, North Carolina, in 1960. The sit-in, an act of civil disobedience, was a tactic that aroused sympathy for the demonstrators among moderates and uninvolved individuals. African Americans (later joined by

  • Sita (Hindu mythology)

    Sita, (Sanskrit: “Furrow”) in Hinduism, the consort of the god Rama. Her abduction by the demon king Ravana and subsequent rescue are the central incidents in the great Hindu epic Ramayana (“Rama’s Journey”). Sita was raised by King Janaka; she was not his natural daughter but sprang from a furrow

  • Sita Banbas (play by Hashr)

    South Asian arts: Parsi theatre: Among his famous plays are Sita Banbas, based on an incident from the Ramayana; Bilwa Mangal, a social play on the life of a poet, whose blind passion for a prostitute results in remorse; and Aankh ka Nasha (“The Witchery of the Eyes”), about the treachery of a prostitute’s love,…

  • Sita-Brahmā (Tibetan deity)

    Tshangs-pa Dkar-po, in Tibetan Buddhism, one of the eight fierce protection deities. See

  • Sitaantaagu (glacier, Alaska, United States)

    Mendenhall Glacier, blue ice sheet, 12 miles (19 km) long, southeastern Alaska, U.S. It was originally named Sitaantaagu (“the Glacier Behind the Town”) or Aak’wtaaksit (“the Glacier Behind the Little Lake”) by the Tlingit Indians. Naturalist John Muir later called it Auke (Auk) Glacier, for the

  • sitagliptin (drug)

    antidiabetic drug: Pramlintide, exenatide, and sitagliptin: A drug called sitagliptin specifically inhibits DPP-4, thereby increasing levels of naturally produced incretins. Side effects associated with these drugs are often mild, although pramlintide can cause profound hypoglycemia in patients with type I diabetes.

  • Sitakund (India)

    Munger: …site and thermal springs of Sitakund. Pop. (2001) 188,050; (2011) 213,303.

  • Sitamarhi (India)

    Sitamarhi, town, northwestern Bihar state, northeastern India. It lies on the western bank of the Lakhandai River in the fertile Middle Ganges (Ganga) Plain. Sitamarhi is a station on the North Eastern Railway and is connected by roads with the nearby Nepal frontier. It is a commercial centre

  • Sitanka (Miniconjou Lakota chief)

    Wounded Knee: …reservation, the Indians gathered around Chief Big Foot (byname of Chief Spotted Elk), who was dying of pneumonia. However, they surrendered quietly to pursuing troops of the 7th Cavalry on the night of December 28. Following an overnight encampment near Wounded Knee Creek, the Sioux were surrounded and were nearly…

  • Sitapur (India)

    Sitapur, city, north-central Uttar Pradesh state, northern India. It is situated along the Sarayan River, about 50 miles (80 km) north-northwest of Lucknow. Sitapur was a military centre under the British and contains a cantonment (military installation). The city is located at the junction of

  • sitar (musical instrument)

    Sitar, stringed instrument of the lute family that is popular in northern India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh. Typically measuring about 1.2 metres (4 feet) in length, the sitar has a deep pear-shaped gourd body; a long, wide, hollow wooden neck; both front and side tuning pegs; and 20 arched movable

  • Sitatārā (Buddhist goddess)

    Tara: The White Tara (Sanskrit: Sitatara; Tibetan: Sgrol-dkar) was incarnated as the Chinese princess. She symbolizes purity and is often represented standing at the right hand of her consort, Avalokiteshvara, or seated with legs crossed, holding a full-blown lotus. She is generally shown with a third eye.…

  • sitatunga (mammal)

    Sitatunga, (Tragelaphus spekei), the most aquatic antelope, with elongated, splayed hooves and flexible foot joints that enable it to traverse boggy ground. Though common, even abundant, in African swamps and permanent marshes, the sitatunga is also one of the most secretive and least known of

  • sitcom (broadcasting genre)

    Situation comedy, radio or television comedy series that involves a continuing cast of characters in a succession of episodes. Often the characters are markedly different types thrown together by circumstance and occupying a shared environment such as an apartment building or workplace. Sitcoms are

  • site planning (landscaping)

    garden and landscape design: Aspects of landscape architecture: …enjoyment,” landscape architecture also includes site planning, land planning, master planning, urban design, and environmental planning. Site planning involves plans for specific developments in which precise arrangements of buildings, roadways, utilities, landscape elements, topography, water features, and vegetation are shown. Land planning is for larger-scale developments involving subdivision into several…

  • site value taxation (taxation)

    property tax: Site-value taxation: The use of a land tax as the chief source of revenue has often been proposed. It was favoured by the Physiocrats in 18th-century France. Probably the best-known exponent was a 19th-century American, Henry George. His Progress and Poverty (1879) drew upon economic…

  • site-directed mutagenesis (genetics)

    Michael Smith: …of a technique called oligonucleotide-based site-directed mutagenesis, which enabled researchers to introduce specific mutations into genes and, thus, to the proteins that they encode. Using site-directed mutagenesis, scientists have been able to dissect the structure and function relationships involved in protein plaque formation in the pathophysiology of Alzheimer disease; study…

  • site-specific recombination (biology)

    nucleic acid: Site-specific recombination: Site-specific recombination involves very short specific sequences that are recognized by proteins. Long DNA sequences such as viral genomes, drug-resistance elements, and regulatory sequences such as the mating type locus in yeast can be inserted, removed, or inverted, having profound regulatory effects. More…

  • Sitek, David Andrew (American musician)

    TV on the Radio: ), multi-instrumentalist David Andrew Sitek (b. Sept. 6, 1972, Maryland), vocalist-guitarist Kyp Malone (in full David Kyp Joel Malone; b. Feb. 27, 1973, Pennsylvania), drummer Jaleel Bunton (in full Jaleel Marcus Bunton; b. Oct. 24, 1974, California), and bassist-keyboardist Gerard Smith (in full Gerard Anthony Smith; b.…

  • siter (musical instrument)

    Southeast Asian arts: Java: …xylophone (gambang), the zither (celempung) with 26 strings tuned in pairs, an end-blown flute (suling), and a 2-stringed lute (called a rebab by the Javanese), which leads the orchestra. In loud-sounding music, the soft-sounding instruments are not played, and the drum (kendang) leads the orchestra. The third group provides…

  • Sitges, Declaration of (Colombian history)

    Declaration of Sitges, agreement in 1957 by the rival Colombian political leaders Alberto Lleras Camargo of the Liberals and Laureano Gómez of the Conservatives to form a coalition National Front government to replace the dictatorial regime of Gustavo Rojas Pinilla. Lleras and Gómez, who had met in

  • síthe (Irish folklore)

    Sídh, in Irish folklore, a hill or mound under which fairies live. The phrase aos sídhe or the plural sídhe on its own (sometimes anglicized as shee) can denote fairy folk collectively. See also

  • Sithole, Ndabaningi (Zimbabwean leader)

    Ndabaningi Sithole, teacher, clergyman, and an intellectual leader of the black nationalist movement in Rhodesia, later Zimbabwe. Mission-educated, Sithole was a teacher before he studied theology in the United States (1955–58). On returning to Rhodesia, then a British colony, he was a

  • Sithonia (promontory, Greece)

    Chalcidice: fingerlike promontories of Kassándra, Sithonía, and áyion óros (Mount Athos). The promontories were once islands, and their isthmuses consequently are composed of loose sediments through which the Kassándra Canal was cut (1937). In antiquity, a canal was dug through the isthmus of áyion óros by the Persian king Xerxes…

  • Sitifis (Algeria)

    Sétif, town, northeastern Algeria, near the Wadi Bou Sellam. As ancient Sitifis, it became important when the Roman emperor Nerva established a veterans’ colony there in 97 ce. Sitifis became the chief town of the province of Mauretania Sitifensis (created 297 ce) and remained so under Byzantine

  • Sitka (Alaska, United States)

    Sitka, city and borough, southeastern Alaska, historically the most notable Alaskan settlement. U.S. Situated 95 miles (150 km) southwest of Juneau, on the western coast of Baranof Island in the Alexander Archipelago, it is the only city in southeastern Alaska that lies on the Pacific Ocean. The

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