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  • smooth hound (fish)

    Smooth hound, any of a number of small sharks of the family Triakidae, among them the well-known smooth dogfish. See

  • smooth Indian otter (mammal)

    otter: Conservation and classification: Lutrogale (smooth-coated otter) 1 species found in Southern Asia. Genus Pteronura (giant otter) 1 species found in South America. Assorted Referencesclassification

  • smooth leaf elm (tree)

    Dutch elm disease: …susceptible in varying degrees, the smooth leaf (Ulmus carpinifolia), Chinese (U. parvifolia), and Siberian (U. pumila) elms have shown good resistance, and experiments with hybrids of American and Asiatic elms have met with much success.

  • smooth muscle (anatomy)

    Smooth muscle, muscle that shows no cross stripes under microscopic magnification. It consists of narrow spindle-shaped cells with a single, centrally located nucleus. Smooth muscle tissue, unlike striated muscle, contracts slowly and automatically. It constitutes much of the musculature of

  • smooth otter (mammal)

    otter: Conservation and classification: Lutrogale (smooth-coated otter) 1 species found in Southern Asia. Genus Pteronura (giant otter) 1 species found in South America. Assorted Referencesclassification

  • smooth pigweed (plant)
  • smooth plain

    Mercury: Character of the surface: …some sparsely cratered regions called smooth plains, many of which surround the most prominent impact structure on Mercury, the immense impact basin known as Caloris, only half of which was in sunlight during the Mariner 10 encounters but which was fully revealed by Messenger during its first flyby of Mercury…

  • smooth snake (reptile)

    Smooth snake, (Coronella austriaca), moderately abundant, nonvenomous snake occurring from western Europe to the Caucasus, belonging to the family Colubridae. It has smooth, glossy scales and is usually not more than 70 cm (28 inches) long. It eats lizards, other small vertebrates, and insects.

  • smooth sumac (plant)

    sumac: The smooth, or scarlet, sumac (Rhus glabra), native to the eastern and central United States, is a common species. It grows to a height of 6 metres (20 feet), with an open, flattened crown and a few stout spreading branches. A cultivated variety has much-dissected fernlike…

  • smooth-billed ani (bird)

    ani: The common, or smooth-billed, ani (C. ani), found from southern Florida to Argentina, is a bird 36 cm (14 inches) long that looks like a huge-beaked grackle. The great ani (C. major) is common in swamplands of South America, chiefly east of the Andes. The groove-billed…

  • smooth-coated Brussels griffon (dog)

    Brussels griffon: …Brussels griffon is called a petit Braban?on.

  • smooth-coated otter (mammal)

    otter: Conservation and classification: Lutrogale (smooth-coated otter) 1 species found in Southern Asia. Genus Pteronura (giant otter) 1 species found in South America. Assorted Referencesclassification

  • smooth-fronted caiman (reptile)

    caiman: palpebrosus) known as smooth-fronted caimans.

  • smooth-headed alligator lizard (reptile)

    alligator lizard: …largest alligator lizard is the smooth-headed alligator lizard (G. liocephalus), and its body alone can reach 20 cm (8 inches). Although many alligator lizards are dull brown or gray, some are brightly coloured. Cope’s arboreal alligator lizard (A. aurita), for example, is mottled green with scales on the head and…

  • smoothhead (fish)

    Slickhead, any of several deep-sea fishes, family Alepocephalidae (order Salmoniformes), found in almost all oceans at depths up to 5,500 m (17,800 feet) or more. Slickheads are dark, soft, and herringlike; species vary greatly in structure, and a few possess light-producing organs. Some common

  • smoothing (mathematics)

    celestial mechanics: Numerical solutions: In this process, called regularization, the encounter is traversed in less computer time while preserving reasonable accuracy. This process is impractical when n is large, so accelerations are usually artificially bounded on close approaches to prevent instabilities in the numerical calculation and to prevent slowing the calculation. For example,…

  • smoothing plane

    hand tool: Plane: …23 cm (9 inches)—were called smoothing planes for the final finish they produced.

  • smorgasbord

    Smorgasbord, in Swedish cuisine, buffet offering a variety of fish, cheeses, and hot and cold dishes. In the country districts of Sweden, it was customary for guests to contribute to the fare at large gatherings. The foods were set out on long tables from which the diners helped themselves. By the

  • sm?rrebr?d (Scandinavian cuisine)

    sandwich: Scandinavian sm?rrebr?d are served open-faced, with artfully composed toppings of fish, sliced meats, and salads. In France, hollowed-out rolls are a popular base. The United States contributed elaborate sandwich formulas, two of the most successful being the club sandwich of sliced chicken or turkey, bacon, lettuce

  • smother crop (agriculture)

    Smother crop, crop sown to suppress persistent weeds. Among the most effective smothering crops is alfalfa, which competes successfully against many weeds for growth space. Sometimes the desired crop plant can be planted so densely that it shades and “chokes out” weedy growth. Annual weeds are

  • smothering (marine biology)

    coral reef: Other threats: “Smothering,” as this is called, may prevent reef plants from obtaining adequate sunlight or may promote the growth of harmful algal blooms.

  • Smothers Brothers Comedy Hour, The (American television program)

    Television in the United States: The new cultural landscape: …Laugh-In was proving, as had The Smothers Brothers Comedy Hour (CBS, 1967–69) a few seasons earlier, that even the soon-to-be-moribund variety-show format could deliver new and contemporary messages. Dramatic series such as The Mod Squad (ABC, 1968–73), The Bold Ones (NBC, 1969–73), and The Young Lawyers (ABC, 1970–71) injected timely…

  • Smowhola (American Indian leader)

    Smohalla, North American Indian prophet, preacher, and teacher, one of a series of such leaders who arose in response to the menace presented to Native American life and culture by the encroachment of white settlers. He founded a religious cult, the Dreamers, that emphasized traditional Native

  • Smr?iny Mountains (mountains, Europe)

    Fichtel Hills, mountains in northeastern Bavaria Land (state), southeastern Germany. They lie at the Czech border between the Franconian Forest in the northwest, the Ore Mountains (in German, Erzgebirge; in Czech, Kru?né Hory) in the northeast, and the Upper Palatinate Forest (a section of the

  • Smreczyński, Franciszek (Polish writer)

    W?adys?aw Orkan, Polish poet and writer who eloquently portrayed the people of the Tatra Mountains. Born into a family of poor highlanders, Orkan received an incomplete education. During World War I he volunteered in the Polish legions. Most of his works are set in the region of his birth and

  • Smriti (Hindu literature)

    Smriti, (Sanskrit: “Recollection”) that class of Hindu sacred literature based on human memory, as distinct from the Vedas, which are considered to be Shruti (literally “What Is Heard”), or the product of divine revelation. Smriti literature elaborates, interprets, and codifies Vedic thought but,

  • Smrt Smail-age ?engi?a (work by Ma?urani?)

    Croatian literature: …poem Smrt Smail-age ?engi?a (1846; The Death of Smail Aga), written in the tradition of oral epic poetry and showing South Slavic allegiance by taking as its subject the struggle of Montenegrins against the Turks. Other representative lyrical works include the patriotic songs and poetic drama of Petar Preradovi? and…

  • sm?tyupasthāna (Buddhist philosophy)

    Sm?tyupasthāna , (Sanskrit: “application of mentality”) in Buddhist philosophy, one of the preparatory stages of meditation practiced by Buddhist monks aiming for bodhi, or enlightenment. It consists of keeping something in mind constantly. According to the 4th- or 5th-century text Abhidharmako?a,

  • SMS (communications)

    texting: …cell phones, usually using the Short Messaging Service (SMS).

  • SMU (university, University Park, Texas, United States)

    Southern Methodist University (SMU), private, coeducational institution of higher education located in University Park, a suburb of Dallas, Texas, U.S. Although it is nonsectarian, the university is affiliated with the United Methodist Church. It offers about 80 undergraduate degree programs, as

  • smudge pot (agricultural tool)

    Smudge pot, device, usually an oil container with some crude oil burning in the bottom, used in fruit orchards, especially citrus groves, to provide protection against frost. The smoke serves as a blanket to reduce heat losses due to outgoing radiation. Because of the air pollution they generate

  • smudged faces problem (logic puzzle)

    logic puzzle: The smudged faces: ) The problem of the smudged faces is another instance of pure logical deduction. Three travellers were aboard a train that had just emerged from a tunnel, leaving a smudge of soot on the forehead of each. While they were laughing at each other,…

  • Smuggler’s Bible, A (work by McElroy)

    Joseph McElroy: McElroy’s first novel, A Smuggler’s Bible (1966), is made up of eight disconnected chapters that are separated by authorial commentary. This unusual narrative details various aspects of the life of the protagonist, David Brooke, such as his relationship with his father. McElroy’s next two novels, Hind’s Kidnap (1969)…

  • smuggling (criminal law)

    Smuggling, conveyance of things by stealth, particularly the clandestine movement of goods to evade customs duties or import or export restrictions. Smuggling flourishes wherever there are high-revenue duties (e.g., on tea, spirits, and silks in 18th-century England, coffee in many European

  • Smuin, Michael (American dancer and choreographer)

    Michael Smuin, American dancer and choreographer (born Oct. 13, 1938 , Missoula, Mont.—died April 23, 2007 , San Francisco, Calif.), combined popular music and innovative dance routines to create original ballet works that attracted a wide audience. At the age of 15, Smuin joined the San Francisco

  • Smullyan, Raymond M. (American mathematician and logician)

    formal logic: Semantic tableaux: …the American mathematician and logician Raymond M. Smullyan. Resting on the observation that it is impossible for the premises of a valid argument to be true while the conclusion is false, this method attempts to interpret (or evaluate) the premises in such a way that they are all simultaneously satisfied…

  • Smultronst?llet (film by Bergman [1957])

    Wild Strawberries, Swedish film drama, released in 1957, that was acclaimed for the lead performance of Victor Sj?str?m. It was director Ingmar Bergman’s first commercial success in the United States. Revered medical doctor and professor Isak Borg (played by Sj?str?m) undertakes an extended car

  • smut (plant disease)

    Smut, plant disease primarily affecting grasses, including corn (maize), wheat, sugarcane, and sorghum, caused by several species of fungi. Smut is characterized by fungal spores that accumulate in sootlike masses called sori, which are formed within blisters in seeds, leaves, stems, flower parts,

  • smut fungus (order of fungi)

    fungus: Annotated classification: Order Ustilaginales Parasitic on plants, causing smut of many cereal grains, including wheat, barley, corn, and rice; masses of spores (sori) are usually black and dusty; basidial apparatus consisting of thick-walled teleutospore (probasidium), which upon germination gives rise to a septate or nonseptate tube (metabasidium) bearing…

  • Smutnoye Vremya (Russian history)

    Time of Troubles, period of political crisis in Russia that followed the demise of the Rurik dynasty (1598) and ended with the establishment of the Romanov dynasty (1613). During this period foreign intervention, peasant uprisings, and the attempts of pretenders to seize the throne threatened to

  • Smuts, Jan (South African statesman)

    Jan Smuts, South African statesman, soldier, and prime minister (1919–24, 1939–48), who sought to promote South Africa as a responsible member of the (British) Commonwealth. Jan Christian Smuts was born on a farm near Riebeeck West in the Cape Colony. His ancestors were mainly Dutch, with a small

  • Smuts, Jan Christiaan (South African statesman)

    Jan Smuts, South African statesman, soldier, and prime minister (1919–24, 1939–48), who sought to promote South Africa as a responsible member of the (British) Commonwealth. Jan Christian Smuts was born on a farm near Riebeeck West in the Cape Colony. His ancestors were mainly Dutch, with a small

  • Smuts, Jan Christian (South African statesman)

    Jan Smuts, South African statesman, soldier, and prime minister (1919–24, 1939–48), who sought to promote South Africa as a responsible member of the (British) Commonwealth. Jan Christian Smuts was born on a farm near Riebeeck West in the Cape Colony. His ancestors were mainly Dutch, with a small

  • Smutsia gigantea (mammal)

    pangolin: …arboreal; others, such as the giant ground pangolin (M. gigantea, also classified as Smutsia gigantea) of Africa, are terrestrial. All are nocturnal and able to swim a little. Terrestrial forms live in burrows. Pangolins feed mainly on termites but also eat ants and other insects. They locate prey by smell…

  • Smuxale (American Indian leader)

    Smohalla, North American Indian prophet, preacher, and teacher, one of a series of such leaders who arose in response to the menace presented to Native American life and culture by the encroachment of white settlers. He founded a religious cult, the Dreamers, that emphasized traditional Native

  • Smybert, John (American painter)

    John Smibert, Scottish-born painter and architect who established an early tradition of colonial portraiture in Boston. Smibert was apprenticed to a house painter in Edinburgh and in 1709 went to London. In 1713 he studied at London’s Great Queen Street’s Academy, which was run by Sir Godfrey

  • Smyrna (Turkey)

    ?zmir, city in western Turkey. The country’s third largest city and one of its largest ports, ?zmir lies at the head of the sheltered Gulf of ?zmir on the deeply indented coast of the Aegean Sea. Pop. (2000) 2,232,265; (2013 est.) 2,803,418. ?zmir is one of the oldest cities of the Mediterranean

  • Smyrna (Delaware, United States)

    Smyrna, town, Kent county, central Delaware, U.S., near the Smyrna River. Established about 1755, it was known as Duck Creek Cross Roads (for its location on the creek, which flows into the Smyrna River) until 1806, when it was renamed for the biblical seaport of Asia Minor. In 1792 a piqued state

  • Smyrna carpet

    Smyrna carpet, any large, coarse carpet handwoven in western Anatolia and exported by way of ?zmir (Smyrna). It is likely that Smyrna carpets originally represented the production of the town of U?ak, to which was added in the late 19th and early 20th centuries the large carpets newly developed at

  • Smyrna fig (plant)

    fig: Types and cultivation: …other horticultural types of figs: Smyrna, White San Pedro, and Common. Smyrna-type figs develop only when fertile seeds are present, and these seeds account for the generally excellent quality and nutty flavour of the fruit. Figs of the White San Pedro type combine the characteristics of both the Smyrna and…

  • Smyslov, Vasily Vasilyevich (Russian chess master)

    Vasily Vasilyevich Smyslov, Russian chess master who won the world championship from Mikhail Botvinnik in 1957 and lost it to Botvinnik in a return match in 1958. Smyslov was noted for his patient positional style and his precise endgame technique. His book Smyslov’s 125 Selected Games (1983) shows

  • Smyth, Dame Ethel (British composer)

    Dame Ethel Smyth, British composer whose work was notably eclectic, ranging from conventional to experimental. Born into a military family, Smyth studied at the Leipzig Conservatory and was encouraged by Johannes Brahms and Antonín Dvo?ák. She first gained notice with her sweeping Mass in D (1893).

  • Smyth, Ethel Mary (British composer)

    Dame Ethel Smyth, British composer whose work was notably eclectic, ranging from conventional to experimental. Born into a military family, Smyth studied at the Leipzig Conservatory and was encouraged by Johannes Brahms and Antonín Dvo?ák. She first gained notice with her sweeping Mass in D (1893).

  • Smyth, John (English minister)

    John Smyth, English religious libertarian and Nonconformist minister, called “the Se-baptist” (self-baptizer), who is generally considered the founder of the organized Baptists of England. He also influenced the Pilgrim Fathers who immigrated to North America in 1620. Most of Smyth’s early years

  • Smyth, Reginald (British cartoonist)

    Reg Smythe, British cartoonist who created the comic strip "Andy Capp," reportedly basing its working-class subject on his father, and drew it for more than 40 years; the strip was syndicated internationally to hundreds of newspapers (b. July 10, 1917, Hartlepool, Eng.--d. June 13, 1998,

  • Smythe, Cary (Canadian ice hockey player, coach, manager, and owner)

    Conn Smythe, Canadian ice hockey player, coach, manager, and owner who founded the Toronto Maple Leafs in the National Hockey League (NHL). Smythe was educated at the University of Toronto, receiving his engineering degree in 1920. Both before and after World War I, in which he served in the

  • Smythe, Conn (Canadian ice hockey player, coach, manager, and owner)

    Conn Smythe, Canadian ice hockey player, coach, manager, and owner who founded the Toronto Maple Leafs in the National Hockey League (NHL). Smythe was educated at the University of Toronto, receiving his engineering degree in 1920. Both before and after World War I, in which he served in the

  • Smythe, Constantine Falkland Cary (Canadian ice hockey player, coach, manager, and owner)

    Conn Smythe, Canadian ice hockey player, coach, manager, and owner who founded the Toronto Maple Leafs in the National Hockey League (NHL). Smythe was educated at the University of Toronto, receiving his engineering degree in 1920. Both before and after World War I, in which he served in the

  • Smythe, Mary Anne (British consort)

    Maria Fitzherbert, secret wife of the prince of Wales, the future George IV of Great Britain. Of an old Roman Catholic family, she was educated at a French convent. Her first marriage, in 1775, was to Edward Weld, who died within a year, and her second, in 1778, was to Thomas Fitzherbert, who died

  • Smythe, Pat (British equestrian and author)

    Pat Smythe, (PATRICIA ROSEMARY KOECHLIN-SMYTHE), British equestrian who was the four-time European ladies champion and the first woman to win a medal (bronze) in the hitherto men-only show-jumping event at the 1956 Olympic Games; she also wrote two autobiographies and several popular children’s

  • Smythe, Reg (British cartoonist)

    Reg Smythe, British cartoonist who created the comic strip "Andy Capp," reportedly basing its working-class subject on his father, and drew it for more than 40 years; the strip was syndicated internationally to hundreds of newspapers (b. July 10, 1917, Hartlepool, Eng.--d. June 13, 1998,

  • Smythe, Sir Thomas (British entrepreneur)

    Sir Thomas Smythe, English entrepreneur in the Virginia Company that founded the Virginia colony. He also financed numerous trade ventures and voyages of exploration during the early 17th century. A member of the London Haberdashers’ and Skinners’ companies from 1580, he accumulated a considerable

  • Smythe, William R. (American scientist)

    mass spectrometry: Ion-velocity spectrometers: In the United States William R. Smythe first proposed such a device in 1926 based on electrodes to which radio-frequency voltages are applied and which are arranged so that ions of a given velocity pass undeflected. He built a working model a few years later in collaboration with Mattauch.…

  • Smythson, Robert (English architect)

    Western architecture: England: Robert Smythson, who aided Thynne at Longleat, later designed and built several notable houses, the finest being Wollaton Hall (1580–88) near Nottingham. Wollaton has a magnificent site on a small hill overlooking a large park. The plan of the house is a square with four…

  • Sn (chemical element)

    Tin (Sn), a chemical element belonging to the carbon family, Group 14 (IVa) of the periodic table. It is a soft, silvery white metal with a bluish tinge, known to the ancients in bronze, an alloy with copper. Tin is widely used for plating steel cans used as food containers, in metals used for

  • SN 1572 (astronomy)

    Tycho’s Nova, one of the few recorded supernovas in the Milky Way Galaxy. The Danish astronomer Tycho Brahe first observed the “new star” on Nov. 11, 1572. Other European observers claimed to have noticed it as early as the preceding August, but Tycho’s precise measurements showed that it was not

  • SN 1987A (astronomy)

    Supernova 1987A, first supernova observed in 1987 (hence its designation) and the nearest to Earth in more than three centuries. It occurred in the Large Magellanic Cloud, a satellite galaxy of the Milky Way Galaxy that lies about 160,000 light-years distant. The supernova originated in the

  • Snaeljós (work by Thorarensen)

    Jakob Thorarensen: His first collection of verse, Snaeljós (1914; “Glare of the Snow”), interpreted the strength and self-sufficiency of the farmers and fishermen of Iceland. His short stories, published from 1929 to 1939, were in the same vein as his poetry and limned sharply drawn characters against a simple background.

  • snaffle bit (riding)

    horsemanship: Origins and early history: …leading directly to the jointed snaffle bit of the present day.

  • Snag (Yukon, Canada)

    Canada: Temperatures: …?81 °F (?63 °C) at Snag, Yukon, in 1947. During the summer, however, the parts of Canada farthest from open water are the warmest. The highest temperature recorded was 113 °F (45 °C) at Midale and Yellow Grass, both in Saskatchewan, in 1937. Thus, west-coast Vancouver has an average January…

  • snail (mollusk)

    Snail, a gastropod, especially one having an enclosing shell, into which it may retract completely for protection. A gastropod lacking a shell is commonly called a slug or sea

  • snail darter (fish)

    Snail darter, Rare species (Percina tanasi) of darter that originally was found only in the Little Tennessee River in the southeastern U.S. It became the subject of a legal controversy in 1978, when its status as an endangered species delayed for two years the construction of Tellico Dam. The

  • snail hunter (insect)

    ground beetle: The snail hunters (e.g., Scaphinotus) are a specialized group of ground beetles. Elongated, hook-shaped mouthparts allow them to extract the snail from its shell. The bombardier beetle (Brachinus in North America and Pherosophus in Africa, Asia, and the East Indies) has little sacs at the tip…

  • snail kite (bird)

    kite: The snail kites, found only in the New World, also belong to the subfamily Milvinae. They have sickle-shaped beaks adapted to feeding on snails, their only food. Best known is the Everglade kite (Rostrhamus sociabilis), now rare in Florida and Cuba but occurring in numbers in…

  • snail-eating snake (reptile)

    Snail-eating snake, any of several members of the Old World subfamily Pareinae and of the New World subfamily Dipsadinae, family Colubridae. All have long delicate teeth; those at the front of the upper jaw are used to seize the body of a snail, whereupon the lower jaw is moved far forward and the

  • snailfish (fish)

    Snailfish, any of about 115 species of marine fish often placed with the lumpsuckers in the family Cyclopteridae, but sometimes separated as a distinct family, Liparidae (order Scorpaeniformes). Snailfish are small, growing to a maximum length of about 30 centimetres (12 inches). They are

  • Snake (people)

    Shoshone, North American Indian group that occupied the territory from what is now southeastern California across central and eastern Nevada and northwestern Utah into southern Idaho and western Wyoming. The Shoshone of historic times were organized into four groups: Western, or unmounted,

  • snake (reptile)

    Snake, (suborder Serpentes), any of more than 3,400 species of reptiles distinguished by their limbless condition and greatly elongated body and tail. Classified with lizards in the order Squamata, snakes represent a lizard that, over the course of evolution, has undergone structural reduction,

  • snake dance (American Indian culture)

    Hopi: …of Hopi rituals was the Snake Dance, held annually in late August, during which the performers danced with live snakes in their mouths. Although part of the Snake Dance was performed in public, visitors saw only a brief, though exciting, portion of a lengthy ceremony, most of which was conducted…

  • snake doctor (insect)

    Damselfly, (suborder Zygoptera), any of a group of predatory, aerial insects that are in the order Odonata. Damselflies are found mainly near shallow, freshwater habitats and are graceful fliers with slender bodies and long, filmy, net-veined wings. Damselflies are generally smaller, more delicate,

  • snake eagle (bird)

    eagle: The serpent eagles, or snake eagles, Spilornis (six species, subfamily Circaetinae), eat mostly snakes, including large poisonous ones. They occur in Asia. Other birds called serpent eagles, notably the long-tailed members of the genera Dryotriorchis (e.g., African serpent eagle) and Eutriorchis (e.g., the endangered Madagascar serpent…

  • snake eel (marine fish)

    Snake eel, any of numerous marine fishes in the family Ophichthidae (order Anguilliformes). Representatives of the more than 200 species are found throughout the world, mostly in tropical or temperate waters. These snakelike creatures are more benign than their aggressive relatives, the morays.

  • Snake Eyes (film by De Palma [1998])

    Brian De Palma: The 1980s and ’90s: The convoluted Snake Eyes (1998), though, proved to be a critical and commercial disappointment, with Nicolas Cage as a corrupt cop.

  • snake fish (fish)

    Reedfish, (Erpetoichthys calabaricus), species of air-breathing eel-like African fishes classified in the family Polypteridae (order Polypteriformes), inhabiting the lower stretches of freshwater river systems in Benin, Nigeria, and Cameroon. Their elongated body is covered with rhomboid scales

  • Snake Goddesses (Greek sculpture)
  • snake gourd (plant)

    Snake gourd, (Trichosanthes cucumerina), rapid-growing vine of the gourd family (Cucurbitaceae), cultivated for its oddly shaped edible fruits. The snake gourd is native to southeastern Asia and Australia and is also grown in parts of tropical Africa. The whole fruit is eaten as a vegetable when

  • Snake Is Out, The (scupture by Smith)

    Tony Smith: Works such as The Snake Is Out (1962) were made using that method, but their smooth, hard-edged surfaces made them appear as though they were constructed from sheet metal. Soon after, Smith’s first sculpture truly made from steel, Black Box (1962), was executed by a commercial fabricator. Smith’s…

  • snake mackerel (fish)

    perciform: Annotated classification: Family Gempylidae (snake mackerels) Eocene to present. Elongated, laterally compressed; mouth large, with large, cutting teeth; spinous part of dorsal fin longer than soft-rayed part, the latter often broken up into finlets posteriorly; pelvic fins usually not rudimentary. Some 24 species; tropical and temperate seas; down to…

  • Snake Pit, The (film by Litvak [1948])

    Anatole Litvak: The Hollywood years: The Snake Pit (1948) was a harrowing account of treatment in a mental institution. Olivia de Havilland, who prepared for her role by joining Litvak in observing a mental facility’s day-to-day operations, was nominated for an Academy Award. The film’s other nominations included best picture,…

  • Snake Pit, The (book by Ward)

    mental hygiene: National agencies: …1946, Mary Jane Ward’s book The Snake Pit became a Hollywood film success and was followed by many more honestly realistic portrayals of mental problems on screen and television. A psychodynamic approach to the understanding and guidance of children infused North American popular culture. The introduction of pharmacotherapy (e.g., tranquillizing…

  • snake plant
  • Snake River (river, United States)

    Snake River, largest tributary of the Columbia River and one of the most important streams in the Pacific Northwest section of the United States. It rises in the mountains of the Continental Divide near the southeastern corner of Yellowstone National Park in northwestern Wyoming and flows south

  • snake’s head (plant)

    fritillary: Snake’s head, or toad lily (F. meleagris), a species with poisonous bulbs, and crown imperial (F. imperialis), a strong-smelling plant, are commonly cultivated as garden flowers.

  • snake-antelope dance (American Indian culture)

    Hopi: …of Hopi rituals was the Snake Dance, held annually in late August, during which the performers danced with live snakes in their mouths. Although part of the Snake Dance was performed in public, visitors saw only a brief, though exciting, portion of a lengthy ceremony, most of which was conducted…

  • snake-eyed skink (lizard)

    Snake-eyed skink, any of about 35 species of lizards constituting two genera (Ablepharus and Cryptoblepharus) in the family Scincidae. Snake-eyed skinks lack eyelids and have transparent scales (spectacles) covering the eyes similar to those of snakes. Although the function of the spectacle remains

  • snake-necked turtle (reptile)

    Snake-necked turtle, any of about 16 species of turtles belonging to the genera Chelodina and Macrochelodina in family Chelidae, characterized by long necks that can bend and move in a serpentine fashion. Snake-necked turtles are a group of side-necked turtles with necks that range from nearly as

  • snakebird (bird)

    Darter, any of two to four species of bird of the family Anhingidae (order Pelecaniformes or Suliformes). The American species, Anhinga anhinga, is widely acknowledged as distinct, but there is debate regarding whether the darters that appear in Africa, Asia, and Oceania constitute one species (A.

  • snakebite

    Snakebite, a wound resulting from penetration of the flesh by the fangs of a snake, especially a snake secreting venom through or near the fangs. A bite by a snake known to be nonvenomous is treated as a puncture wound. A bite by a venomous snake may be serious, depending on the size of the

  • snakefly (insect)

    Snakefly, (order Raphidiodea or Raphidioptera), any of more than 175 species of insects that are easily recognized by their small head and long, slender “neck,” which is actually the elongated prothorax. The snakefly, about 15 mm (0.6 inch) long, has two pairs of similar, net-veined wings, long

  • snakehead (fish)

    Snakehead, any of a number of species of freshwater fish of the family Channidae, found in Africa and Asia. Snakeheads, long-bodied and more or less cylindrical in cross section, have large mouths and long, single dorsal and anal fins; they range from about 10 to 90 cm (4 to 36 inches) long.

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