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  • snakemouth (plant)

    Pogonia: Snakemouth (P. ophioglossoides), also known as rose pogonia and adder’s mouth, is common in bogs and swamps of eastern North America. The plant is about 8 to 53 cm (3 to 21 inches) tall. The Asian pogonia (P. japonica) grows in moist open areas of…

  • snakeroot (herb)

    wild ginger: Canadian wild ginger, or snakeroot (A. canadense), grows about 15 to 30 cm (6 to 12 inches) tall in shady woods in eastern North America. It usually bears two heart-shaped, downy leaves and a single inconspicuous cup-shaped flower. The flower develops in the angle between…

  • snakeroot poisoning (pathology)

    Snakeroot poisoning, illness in humans and grazing animals caused by trematol, a poisonous alcohol present in white snakeroot (Ageratina altissima), a plant found in North America. When grazing is scarce, cattle may feed on snakeroot and develop a syndrome called trembles. Human poisoning, often

  • Snakes and Earrings (work by Kanehara)

    Kanehara Hitomi: …with Hebi ni piasu (2003; Snakes and Earrings), which describes a 19-year-old girl’s obsession with body alteration. This explicit novel paints a bleak picture of the isolated alcoholic teen’s underground life as she adds painful tattoos to her back and pierces her tongue. Kanehara incorporated the vocabulary of the Tokyo…

  • Snakes and Ladders (work by Moore)

    graphic novel: The graphic novel grows up: …The Birth Caul (1999) and Snakes and Ladders (2001), explore psychogeography and take on a lyrical, poetic form in an oneric celebration of the power of interwoven words and images. There also has been a huge influx of creative talent from outside comics, from such fields as contemporary art and…

  • Snakes on a Plane (film by Ellis [2006])

    Samuel L. Jackson: … (2002), an FBI agent in Snakes on a Plane (2006), and an outspoken but devoted white slaver’s butler in Tarantino’s blood-drenched Django Unchained (2012). After Jackson allowed Marvel Comics to use his features for the character Nick Fury, he signed (2009) a nine-movie deal that included Iron Man 2 (2010),…

  • snap bean (vegetable)

    Green bean, widely cultivated, edible-podded legume of the species Phaseolus vulgaris. See

  • snap election (political science)

    Abe Shinzo: …summer compelled him to call snap elections for the lower house in an attempt to strengthen his already formidable majority there. The DPJ, which had rebranded itself as the Democratic Party after merging with the Japan Innovation Party in 2016, effectively voted itself out of existence in September 2017. DPJ…

  • snap gauge (measurement instrument)

    gauge: A snap gauge is formed like the letter C, with outer “go” and inner “not go” jaws, and is used to check diameters, lengths, and thicknesses.

  • snap matchlock (firearm ignition device)

    military technology: The matchlock: This mechanism, called the snap matchlock, was the forerunner of the flintlock. The fabrication of these devices fell to locksmiths, the only sizable body of craftsmen accustomed to constructing metal mechanisms with the necessary ruggedness and precision. They gave to the firing mechanism the enduring name lock.

  • Snap the Whip (painting by Homer)

    Winslow Homer: Early life and work: …Branch, New Jersey (1869) and Snap the Whip (1872) depict happy scenes, the former of fashionable ladies promenading along the seashore and the latter of children frolicking in a meadow after school. In a few early pictures a disquieting note of human isolation is struck, premonitory of Homer’s later, more-powerful…

  • snapdragon (plant, genus Antirrhinum)

    Snapdragon, any herbaceous plant of the genus Antirrhinum (order Lamiales, family Plantaginacea; formerly in the family Scrophulariaceae), of which there are about 20 species native to western North America and the western Mediterranean region. The flowers are tubular, bilaterally symmetrical, and

  • snapdragon (plant)

    snapdragon: Galvezia speciosa, a related plant, is also called snapdragon.

  • snapper (fish)

    Snapper, any of about 105 species of fishes of the family Lutjanidae (order Perciformes). Snappers are found, often in abundance, throughout the tropics. Active, schooling fishes with elongated bodies, large mouths, sharp canine teeth, and blunt or forked tails, snappers are usually rather large,

  • Snapper (missile)

    rocket and missile system: Antitank and guided assault: …guided missiles beginning with the AT-1 Snapper, the AT-2 Swatter, and the AT-3 Sagger. The Sagger, a relatively small missile designed for infantry use on the lines of the original German concept, saw use in Vietnam and was used with conspicuous success by Egyptian infantry in the Suez Canal crossing…

  • snapper (fish)

    Bluefish, (Pomatomus saltatrix), swift-moving marine food and game fish, the only member of the family Pomatomidae (order Perciformes). The bluefish ranges through warm and tropical regions of the Atlantic and Indian oceans, living in schools and preying with voracity on other, smaller animals,

  • Snapper Island (island, Australia)

    Phillip Island, island astride the entrance to Western Port (bay) on the south coast of Victoria, Australia, southeast of Melbourne. About 14 miles (23 km) long and 6 miles (10 km) at its widest, the island occupies 40 square miles (100 square km) and rises to 360 feet (110 metres). Visited in 1798

  • Snapper, The (novel by Doyle)

    Roddy Doyle: …Barrytown novels, which also included The Snapper (1990; film 1993), The Van (1991; film 1996), and The Guts (2013). The series centres on the ups and downs of the never-say-die Rabbitte family, who temper the bleakness of life in an Irish slum with familial love and understanding.

  • snapping beetle (insect family)

    Click beetle, (family Elateridae), any of approximately 7,000 species of beetles (insect order Coleoptera) named for the clicking noise made when seized by a predator. Most click beetles range between 2.5 and 18 mm (less than 0.75 inch) in length and are brown or black in colour with either little

  • snapping turtle (reptile)

    Snapping turtle, either of several species of freshwater turtles (family Chelydridae) named for their method of biting. Snapping turtles are found continuously in North America from eastern Canada and New England to the Rockies, and they are also found in pockets from Mexico and Central America to

  • snaps (liquor)

    Aquavit, flavoured, distilled liquor, clear to pale yellow in colour, dry in flavour, and ranging in alcohol content from about 42 to 45 percent by volume. It is distilled from a fermented potato or grain mash, redistilled in the presence of flavouring agents, filtered with charcoal, and usually

  • snapweed (plant)

    angiosperm: Mechanisms of dispersal: …air, as, for example, the touch-me-not (Impatiens; Balsaminaceae) and the witch hazel (Hamamelis; Hamamelidaceae). The fruits or seeds of many aquatic and shore plants are adapted to float on water as a means of dispersal; for this reason, coconuts (Cocos nucifera; Arecaceae) are readily transported across oceans to neighbouring islands.…

  • snare drum (musical instrument)

    Snare drum, military and orchestral percussion instrument having several gut, nylon, wire, or wire-covered silk strings (snares) stretched across the lower, or snare, head; the snares vibrate sympathetically with the lower head (to which vibration is transmitted from the upper, or batter, head by

  • Snare River (river, Canada)

    Mackenzie River: People and economy: …waterpower sites are on the Snare and Taltson rivers, which drop westward out of the Canadian Shield to the Mackenzie Lowlands and supply power to the mines and residents at Yellowknife. There is no utilization of the water of the Mackenzie River itself, except for river transportation.

  • Snares crested penguin (bird)

    Snares penguin, (Eudyptes robustus), species of crested penguin (genus Eudyptes, order Sphenisciformes) characterized by plumes of yellow feathers that run above each eye (the superciliary stripe) and extend from the base of the bird’s cone-shaped bill to the back of the head. Compared with those

  • Snares Island penguin (bird)

    Snares penguin, (Eudyptes robustus), species of crested penguin (genus Eudyptes, order Sphenisciformes) characterized by plumes of yellow feathers that run above each eye (the superciliary stripe) and extend from the base of the bird’s cone-shaped bill to the back of the head. Compared with those

  • Snares Islands (islands, New Zealand)

    Snares Islands, outlying island group of New Zealand in the South Pacific Ocean, 65 mi (105 km) southwest of Stewart Island. Comprising one larger island and several rocky islets, the group is volcanic in origin and has a total land area of 0.8 sq mi (2 sq km). The larger island is bounded by

  • Snares penguin (bird)

    Snares penguin, (Eudyptes robustus), species of crested penguin (genus Eudyptes, order Sphenisciformes) characterized by plumes of yellow feathers that run above each eye (the superciliary stripe) and extend from the base of the bird’s cone-shaped bill to the back of the head. Compared with those

  • Snares Without End (novel by Bhêly-Quénum)

    Olympe Bhêly-Quénum: …Un Piège sans fin (1960; Snares Without End), in which a man’s life is ruined when he is unjustly accused of adultery; Le Chant du lac (1965; “The Song of the Lake”), which illustrated the modern conflict between educated Africans and their superstitious countrymen; and L’Initié (1979; “The Initiate”), the…

  • Snark (missile)

    rocket and missile system: Snark: The Snark was an air force program begun in 1945 to produce a subsonic (600-mile-per-hour) cruise missile capable of delivering a 2,000-pound atomic or conventional warhead to a range of 5,000 miles, with a CEP of less than 1.75 miles. Initially, the Snark used…

  • Snark (fictional creature)

    Snark, mysterious fictional creature who is the object of a massive search in Lewis Carroll’s poem The Hunting of the Snark

  • Snark II (missile)

    rocket and missile system: Snark: …of a “Super Snark,” or Snark II.

  • Snarky Parker (puppet character)

    Bil and Cora Baird: …striptease dancer; the singing frogs; Snarky Parker, the master of ceremonies; and Heathcliff, the talking horse. Bil Baird trained a generation of younger puppeteers, including the creator of the Muppets, Jim Henson, and many of Henson’s associates. He was also the author of The Art of the Puppet (1965), a…

  • snatch (weightlifting)

    weightlifting: Lifts: …three international lifts were the snatch, the clean and jerk, and the press (or clean and press). In all lifts the barbell rests on the floor initially. Lifts are performed on a wooden platform 4 metres (13.1 feet) square. If a lifter steps off the platform during a lift, the…

  • Snatched (film by Levine [2017])

    Goldie Hawn: …of Amy Schumer’s character in Snatched (2017).

  • SNC (government organization, Syria)

    Syria: Uprising and civil war: …announced the formation of the Syrian National Council (SNC), an umbrella group claiming to represent the Syrian opposition.

  • SNC (Cambodian government)

    Cambodia: The 1990s: …ceremonial coalition government under a Supreme National Council (SNC) chaired by Sihanouk and composed of representatives of the government and the three factions. Although the SNC was recognized by the United Nations, effective control in most of Cambodia remained in the hands of the Phnom Penh regime. The second and…

  • SNC-Lavalin (Canadian company)

    Canada: SNC-Lavalin affair: Beginning in February 2019, Trudeau’s government became embroiled in a political scandal involving allegations that members of his staff had improperly pushed Jody Wilson-Raybould, who was attorney general and justice minister, to take actions to halt the prosecution of SNC-Lavalin, a giant Quebec-based…

  • SNCC (American organization)

    Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC), American political organization that played a central role in the civil rights movement in the 1960s. Begun as an interracial group advocating nonviolence, it adopted greater militancy late in the decade, reflecting nationwide trends in black

  • SNCF (French railway)

    Société Nationale des Chemins de Fer Fran?ais (SNCF), state-owned railroad system of France, formed in 1938. The first railroad in France, from Saint-étienne to Andrézieux, opened in 1827. A line from Saint-étienne to Lyon was completed in 1832. In 1840 France had about 300 miles (500 km) of

  • Sne-ny-mo (British Columbia, Canada)

    Nanaimo, city, southwestern British Columbia, Canada, on Vancouver Island and the Georgia Strait. Founded as Colvilletown around a Hudson’s Bay Company trading post, it developed after 1849 when coalfields were discovered nearby by the Indians. In 1860 the settlement was renamed Sne-ny-mo (whence

  • Snead, Sam (American golfer)

    Sam Snead, American professional golfer who won 82 Professional Golfers’ Association (PGA) tournaments and every major championship for which he was eligible—except the U.S. Open, in which he placed second four times. Snead was noted for the longevity of his career, his agility, and his smooth,

  • Snead, Samuel Jackson (American golfer)

    Sam Snead, American professional golfer who won 82 Professional Golfers’ Association (PGA) tournaments and every major championship for which he was eligible—except the U.S. Open, in which he placed second four times. Snead was noted for the longevity of his career, his agility, and his smooth,

  • Sneak Previews (American television program)

    Roger Ebert: …Ebert & the Movies (later Siskel & Ebert). As part of his on-air commentary, Ebert originated the famed thumbs-up, thumbs-down rating system, and the phrase “two thumbs up” was later copyrighted. Each week Ebert and Siskel carried on unscripted discussions of the films they reviewed, and their immense popularity was…

  • Sneakers Game (American football history)

    New York Giants: …Redskins in the famous “Sneakers Game”; the Giants trailed at halftime but switched to basketball shoes to gain better traction on the icy field. During the next decade the Giants continued to enjoy success, advancing to (though losing) four NFL championship games (1939, 1941, 1944, and 1946). In the…

  • Sneaky Pete (American television series)

    Bryan Cranston: In the Amazon crime drama Sneaky Pete—the pilot episode of which debuted in 2015, though the first season did not air until two years later—Cranston portrayed a crime boss; he also helped create the series. Sneaky Pete was canceled in 2019.

  • SNECMA (French company)

    Concorde: Rolls-Royce and France’s SNECMA (Société Nationale d’étude et de Construction de Moteurs d’Aviation) developed the jet engines. The result was a technological masterpiece, the delta-wing Concorde, which made its first flight on March 2, 1969. The Concorde had a maximum cruising speed of 2,179 km (1,354 miles) per hour,…

  • Sneed, Cara Carleton (American business executive and politician)

    Carly Fiorina, American business executive who, as CEO (1999–2005) of Hewlett-Packard Company, was the first woman to head a company listed on the Dow Jones Industrial Average. She sought the Republican Party nomination for president in 2016. She was the daughter of Joseph Sneed, a judge and law

  • Sneed, Diana Winslow (American swimmer and journalist)

    Diana Nyad, American distance swimmer and journalist who, in 2013, became the first person to complete a swim from Cuba to Florida without the protection of a shark cage. Born Diana Winslow Sneed, she was later adopted by her mother’s second husband and took his surname, Nyad. She grew up mainly in

  • Sneek (Netherlands)

    Sneek, gemeente (municipality), northern Netherlands, on the small Geeuw River. Sneek was founded in 1294 on the shores of the Middelzee (an arm of the sea that once covered the area, since drained) and was chartered in 1456. It has developed as the water-sports (especially yachting) centre for the

  • Sneem (Ireland)

    Christianity: Christian practice in the modern world: … outside the Irish town of Sneem and devotions at the tomb of Christ in Japan, where, according to local legend, Christ ended the long life of missionary travels he began after his mock death in Jerusalem. These acts and the explanations that accompany them detail the impact of Christian salvation…

  • Sneeu Mountains (mountain range, South Africa)

    Sneeuberg, mountain range in south-central South Africa. The range lies on the northeastern edge of the Great Karoo and stretches roughly east-west for 30 miles (48 km) with a slight curve southward at the eastern end. The highest point in the Sneeuberg (“Snow Mountain”) range is Mount Kompas

  • Sneeuberg (mountain range, South Africa)

    Sneeuberg, mountain range in south-central South Africa. The range lies on the northeastern edge of the Great Karoo and stretches roughly east-west for 30 miles (48 km) with a slight curve southward at the eastern end. The highest point in the Sneeuberg (“Snow Mountain”) range is Mount Kompas

  • Sneevliet, Hendricus (Dutch politician)

    Hendricus Sneevliet, Dutch communist politician who founded the Indies Social Democratic Association in the Dutch East Indies (now Indonesia) and whose oratory stimulated the nationalist movement there. Sneevliet began working for the Dutch railroads and by 1909 was president of the Union of Rail

  • Sneevliet, Hendricus Josephus Franciscus Marie (Dutch politician)

    Hendricus Sneevliet, Dutch communist politician who founded the Indies Social Democratic Association in the Dutch East Indies (now Indonesia) and whose oratory stimulated the nationalist movement there. Sneevliet began working for the Dutch railroads and by 1909 was president of the Union of Rail

  • sneeze reflex

    human nervous system: Reflex actions: …in the trachea and the sneeze reflex by one in the nose. In both, the reflex response involves many muscles; this includes a temporary lapse of respiration in order to expel the irritant.

  • sneezeweed (plant)

    Sneezeweed, any of about 40 species of tall herbs constituting the genus Helenium of the family Asteraceae, native to North America. Most are perennials with flat-topped clusters of yellow, brown, or red flower heads and leaves that alternate along the stem. Summer- or fall-blooming species are

  • sneezewort (plant)

    yarrow: The dried leaves of sneezewort (A. ptarmica) are used to make a sneezing powder, and parts of yarrow or milfoil (A. millefolium) have been used for snuff and tea.

  • sneezing monkey (primate)

    snub-nosed monkey: …to the genus, the so-called Myanmar snub-nosed monkey (R. strykeri); the species was discovered in northern Myanmar. It is black with white regions on its ear tufts, chin, and perineal area. The species has an estimated population of only a few hundred individuals, and it appears to be extremely susceptible…

  • Sneferu (king of Egypt)

    Snefru, first king of ancient Egypt of the 4th dynasty (c. 2575–c. 2465 bce). He fostered the evolution of the highly centralized administration that marked the climax of the Old Kingdom (c. 2575–c. 2130 bce). Snefru came from a family in Middle Egypt, near Hermopolis, and probably ascended the

  • Snefru (king of Egypt)

    Snefru, first king of ancient Egypt of the 4th dynasty (c. 2575–c. 2465 bce). He fostered the evolution of the highly centralized administration that marked the climax of the Old Kingdom (c. 2575–c. 2130 bce). Snefru came from a family in Middle Egypt, near Hermopolis, and probably ascended the

  • Sneijder, Wesley (Dutch football player)

    Ajax: …1990s and, later, Ryan Babel, Wesley Sneijder, and Rafael van der Vaart.

  • Snell’s law (physics)

    Snell’s law, in optics, a relationship between the path taken by a ray of light in crossing the boundary or surface of separation between two contacting substances and the refractive index of each. This law was discovered in 1621 by the Dutch astronomer and mathematician Willebrord Snell (also

  • Snell, George Davis (American geneticist)

    George Davis Snell, American immunogeneticist who, with Jean Dausset and Baruj Benacerraf, was awarded the 1980 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine for his studies of histocompatibility (a compatibility between the genetic makeup of donor and host that allows a tissue graft from the former to be

  • Snell, Peter (New Zealand athlete)

    Peter Snell, New Zealand middle-distance runner who was a world record holder in the 800-metre race (1962–68), the 1,000-metre race (1964–65), the mile (1962–65), and the 880-yard race (1962–66) and, as a team member, in the 4 × 1-mile relay race (1961). After graduating from Mount Albert Grammar

  • Snell, Peter George (New Zealand athlete)

    Peter Snell, New Zealand middle-distance runner who was a world record holder in the 800-metre race (1962–68), the 1,000-metre race (1964–65), the mile (1962–65), and the 880-yard race (1962–66) and, as a team member, in the 4 × 1-mile relay race (1961). After graduating from Mount Albert Grammar

  • Snell, Willebrord (Dutch astronomer and mathematician)

    Willebrord Snell, astronomer and mathematician who discovered the law of refraction, which relates the degree of the bending of light to the properties of the refractive material. This law is basic to modern geometrical optics. In 1613 he succeeded his father, Rudolph Snell (1546–1613), as

  • Snellen chart (optometry)

    Snellen chart, chart used to measure visual acuity by determining the level of visual detail that a person can discriminate. It was developed by the Dutch ophthalmologist Herman Snellen in 1862 and was adopted by medical professionals in many countries who have used it for more than 100 years. The

  • Snellen eye chart (optometry)

    Snellen chart, chart used to measure visual acuity by determining the level of visual detail that a person can discriminate. It was developed by the Dutch ophthalmologist Herman Snellen in 1862 and was adopted by medical professionals in many countries who have used it for more than 100 years. The

  • Snellius, Willebrordus (Dutch astronomer and mathematician)

    Willebrord Snell, astronomer and mathematician who discovered the law of refraction, which relates the degree of the bending of light to the properties of the refractive material. This law is basic to modern geometrical optics. In 1613 he succeeded his father, Rudolph Snell (1546–1613), as

  • Snellman, Johan Vilhelm (Finnish philosopher)

    Johan Vilhelm Snellman, Finnish nationalist philosopher and statesman who was an important figure in the movement to establish Finnish as a national language. In 1835, when Snellman became a philosophy instructor at the University of Helsinki, Finland was a grand duchy of Russia (1809–1917) and

  • Sneskavlen brast (work by Kinck)

    Hans E. Kinck: …work is the three-volume novel Sneskavlen brast (1918–19; “The Avalanche Broke”), dealing with the clash between the peasants and the rural and urban upper classes. Rarely do Kinck’s national interests and Neoromantic qualities preclude a harsh critique of sentimentality.

  • Snezhnoe (Ukraine)

    Snizhne, city, eastern Ukraine, in the Donets Basin coalfield. Established in 1784 as the village of Vasylivka, from 1900 it grew with the discovery of anthracite deposits nearby. It was incorporated in 1938 and, in addition to mining, has specialized in the manufacture of equipment for the

  • Snezhnoye (Ukraine)

    Snizhne, city, eastern Ukraine, in the Donets Basin coalfield. Established in 1784 as the village of Vasylivka, from 1900 it grew with the discovery of anthracite deposits nearby. It was incorporated in 1938 and, in addition to mining, has specialized in the manufacture of equipment for the

  • Sně?ka, Mount (mountain, Czech Republic)

    Czech Republic: Relief: …point in the Czech Republic, Mount Sně?ka, with an elevation of 5,256 feet (1,602 metres), is found in the major segment of this system, the Giant Mountains (Czech: Krkono?e; German: Riesengebirge). Farther to the east is the Oder (Odra) River lowland, a small fringe along the Polish border. Finally, southeast…

  • SNI (psychology)

    post-traumatic stress disorder: A test known as synchronous neural interaction (SNI) has been shown to effectively distinguish between the patterns of abnormal brain activity seen in persons with PTSD and the patterns of typical brain activity observed in healthy persons. During an SNI test, the patient stares at a dot for approximately…

  • ?niardwy (lake, Poland)

    Warmińsko-Mazurskie: Geography: …site of Poland’s largest lakes—?niardwy (44 square miles [114 square km]) and Mamry (40 square miles [104 square km]). The province’s main rivers are the Pas??ka, ?yna, and Drw?ca. Forests (mainly coniferous) cover nearly one-third of the province. Because of the high level of forestation and the exceptionally good…

  • Snicket, Lemony (American author)

    Daniel Handler, American author best known for his A Series of Unfortunate Events, a 13-book collection of unhappy morality tales for older children that was published between 1999 and 2006. Handler wrote the series under the pen name Lemony Snicket. After earning a B.A. in 1992 from Wesleyan

  • Snider, Christopher (American patriot)

    Boston Massacre: The killing of Christopher Seider and the end of the rope: Early in 1770, with the effectiveness of the boycott uneven, colonial radicals, many of them members of the Sons of Liberty, began directing their ire against those businesses that had ignored the boycott. The radicals posted signs…

  • Snider, Duke (American baseball player)

    Duke Snider, American professional baseball player who was best known for playing centre field on the famed “Boys of Summer” Brooklyn Dodgers teams of the 1950s. Snider was raised in Compton, California, where he came to the attention of the Dodgers while playing for Compton Junior College. He

  • Snider, Ed (American sports executive)

    Ed Snider, (Edward Malcolm Snider), American sports executive (born Jan. 6, 1933, Washington, D.C.—died April 11, 2016, Montecito, Calif.), cofounded (1967) the NHL Philadelphia Flyers and served for nearly 50 years as the team’s enthusiastic and beloved owner. Snider and Jerry Wolman, an owner of

  • Snider, Edward Malcolm (American sports executive)

    Ed Snider, (Edward Malcolm Snider), American sports executive (born Jan. 6, 1933, Washington, D.C.—died April 11, 2016, Montecito, Calif.), cofounded (1967) the NHL Philadelphia Flyers and served for nearly 50 years as the team’s enthusiastic and beloved owner. Snider and Jerry Wolman, an owner of

  • Snider, Edwin Donald (American baseball player)

    Duke Snider, American professional baseball player who was best known for playing centre field on the famed “Boys of Summer” Brooklyn Dodgers teams of the 1950s. Snider was raised in Compton, California, where he came to the attention of the Dodgers while playing for Compton Junior College. He

  • Snider-Pellegrini, Antonio (French scientist)

    continental drift: Some 50 years later, Antonio Snider-Pellegrini, a French scientist, argued that the presence of identical fossil plants in both North American and European coal deposits could be explained if the two continents had formerly been connected, a relationship otherwise difficult to account for. In 1908 Frank B. Taylor of…

  • ?nie?ka, Mount (mountain, Poland)

    Dolno?l?skie: Geography: …point in the province is Mount ?nie?ka (5,256 feet [1,602 metres]) in the Giant Mountains (Karkonosze). The main rivers are the Oder (Odra), Neisse (comprising the Nysa ?u?ycka and Nysa K?odzka), Kaczawa, and Bystrzyca. Forests, composed mainly of coniferous trees, cover approximately one-fourth of the province. In the lowlands winters…

  • sniff (domino game)

    muggins: Sniff, a very popular domino game in the United States, is essentially muggins, but the first double played is called sniff and may be put down endwise or sidewise (à cheval), at the holder’s option. Thereafter, one may play to this piece both endwise and…

  • Snijders, Frans (Flemish painter)

    Frans Snyders, Baroque artist who was the most-noted 17th-century painter of animals. His subjects included still lifes of markets and pantries (featuring both live animals and dead game), animals in combat, and hunting scenes. A highly skilled painter who was celebrated for his ability to capture

  • snipe (bird)

    Snipe, any of about 20 species belonging to the shorebird family Scolopacidae (order Charadriiformes). Snipes frequent wet meadows and marshes and occur in temperate and warm regions worldwide. They are short-legged, long-billed, chunky birds that are striped and barred in brown, black, and white.

  • snipe eel (fish)

    eel: Annotated classification: Family Nemichthyidae (snipe eels) Jaws greatly extended, minute teeth. 3 genera with about 9 species. Bathypelagic (deepwater), worldwide. Family Serrivomeridae (sawtooth snipe eels) Jaws moderately extended; bladelike teeth on vomer bones. 2 genera with about 10 species. Bathypelagic, worldwide. Family

  • snipe fly (insect)

    Snipe fly, (family Rhagionidae), any member of a family of insects in the fly order, Diptera, that are dark-coloured and between 8 and 15 mm (0.3 and 0.6 inch) long and have a rounded head, posteriorly tapering abdomen, and long legs. Adults are usually found in wooded areas, and the larvae are

  • snipefish (fish)

    Snipefish, any of about 11 species in 3 genera of marine fishes of the family Macroramphosidae (order Gasterosteiformes) found in deeper tropical and subtropical waters of the Atlantic, Indian, and Pacific oceans. Snipefishes are small, deep-bodied fishes that grow to 30 cm (12 inches) in length.

  • sniperscope (military science)

    warning system: Infrared: The sniperscope, an early device that used infrared illumination and an infrared viewer, has been largely replaced by the image intensifier and by laser illuminators.

  • Snipes, Wesley (American actor)

    Wesley Snipes , American actor best known for his action films, many of which feature martial arts. Snipes spent his early years in New York City’s South Bronx. He studied martial arts from age seven, initially because he was small for his age and needed to defend himself. At age 12, after winning

  • Snitch (film by Waugh [2013])

    Susan Sarandon: …attorney in the action-filled drama Snitch and had a role in the multigenerational-family farce The Big Wedding. Sarandon then assumed the role of the alcoholic grandmother of the title character in the comedy Tammy (2014). She was acidly funny as the supportive lesbian grandmother of a transgender teenager in About…

  • Snits (Netherlands)

    Sneek, gemeente (municipality), northern Netherlands, on the small Geeuw River. Sneek was founded in 1294 on the shores of the Middelzee (an arm of the sea that once covered the area, since drained) and was chartered in 1456. It has developed as the water-sports (especially yachting) centre for the

  • Snizhne (Ukraine)

    Snizhne, city, eastern Ukraine, in the Donets Basin coalfield. Established in 1784 as the village of Vasylivka, from 1900 it grew with the discovery of anthracite deposits nearby. It was incorporated in 1938 and, in addition to mining, has specialized in the manufacture of equipment for the

  • SNL (American television program)

    Saturday Night Live (SNL), American sketch comedy and variety television series that has aired on Saturday nights on the National Broadcasting Company (NBC) network since 1975, becoming one of the longest-running programs in television. The series is a fixture of NBC programming and a landmark in

  • SNL (political organization, Somalia)

    Somalia: Independence and union: …League (SYL) and the northern-based Somali National League (SNL).

  • SNM (political organization, Somalia)

    Somalia: Civil war: …in central Somalia, and the Somali National Movement (SNM), based on the Isaaq clan of the northern regions. Formed in 1982, both organizations undertook guerrilla operations from bases in Ethiopia. These pressures, in addition to pressure from Somalia’s Western backers, encouraged Siad to improve relations with Kenya and Ethiopia. But…

  • SNO (research center, Sudbury, Ontario, Canada)

    Arthur B. McDonald: …the first director of the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory (SNO).

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