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  • Somali (people)

    Somali, people of Africa occupying all of Somalia, a strip of Djibouti, the southern Ethiopian region of Ogaden, and part of northwestern Kenya. Except for the arid coastal area in the north, the Somalis occupy true nomad regions of plains, coarse grass, and streams. They speak a language of the

  • Somali Basin (submarine basin, Arabian Sea)

    Somali Basin, submarine basin on the floor of the southwestern Arabian Sea, an arm of the Indian Ocean, east of Somalia. The Carlsberg Ridge separates it from the shallower Arabian Basin to the northeast. The Somali Basin also connects with the Mascarene and Madagascar basins to the south, with

  • Somali Current (current, Indian Ocean)

    Somali Current, surface current of the western Indian Ocean, caused during the northern summer months by the blowing of the southwest monsoon along the coast of East Africa, moving coastal waters northeastward along with it for about 950 miles (1,500 km), with surface velocities reaching up to 9

  • Somali Democratic Republic

    Somalia, easternmost country of Africa, on the Horn of Africa. It extends from just south of the Equator northward to the Gulf of Aden and occupies an important geopolitical position between sub-Saharan Africa and the countries of Arabia and southwestern Asia. The capital, Mogadishu, is located

  • Somali language

    Somalia: Languages: The Somali language belongs to the Cushitic branch of the Afro-Asiatic language family. Despite several regional dialects, it is understood throughout the country and is an official language. The second official language is Arabic, which is spoken chiefly in northern Somalia and in the coastal towns.…

  • Somali National Front (militia, Somalia)

    Somalia: Civil war: …Siad’s regrouped clan militia, the Somali National Front, for control of the southern coast and hinterland. This brought war and devastation to the grain-producing region between the rivers, spreading famine throughout southern Somalia. Attempts to distribute relief food were undermined by systematic looting and rake-offs by militias. In December 1992…

  • Somali National League (political organization, Somalia)

    Somalia: Independence and union: …League (SYL) and the northern-based Somali National League (SNL).

  • Somali National Movement (political organization, Somalia)

    Somalia: Civil war: …in central Somalia, and the Somali National Movement (SNM), based on the Isaaq clan of the northern regions. Formed in 1982, both organizations undertook guerrilla operations from bases in Ethiopia. These pressures, in addition to pressure from Somalia’s Western backers, encouraged Siad to improve relations with Kenya and Ethiopia. But…

  • Somali Revolutionary Socialist Party (political party, Somalia)

    Somalia: Constitutional framework: …one legal political party, the Somali Revolutionary Socialist Party, and various socialist-style mass organizations existed.

  • Somali Salvation Democratic Front (political organization, Somalia)

    Somalia: Civil war: …of two opposition groups: the Somali Salvation Democratic Front (SSDF), drawing its main support from the Majeerteen clan of the Mudug region in central Somalia, and the Somali National Movement (SNM), based on the Isaaq clan of the northern regions. Formed in 1982, both organizations undertook guerrilla operations from bases…

  • Somali Youth Club (political organization, Somalia)

    eastern Africa: Pan-Somalism: …on May 13, 1943, the Somali Youth Club was formed in Mogadishu. Devoted to a concept of Somali unity that transcended ethnic considerations, the club quickly enrolled religious leaders, the gendarmerie, and the junior administration. By 1947, when it became the Somali Youth League, most of Somaliland’s intelligentsia was devoted…

  • Somali Youth League (political organization, Somalia)

    eastern Africa: Pan-Somalism: …on May 13, 1943, the Somali Youth Club was formed in Mogadishu. Devoted to a concept of Somali unity that transcended ethnic considerations, the club quickly enrolled religious leaders, the gendarmerie, and the junior administration. By 1947, when it became the Somali Youth League, most of Somaliland’s intelligentsia was devoted…

  • Somalia

    Somalia, easternmost country of Africa, on the Horn of Africa. It extends from just south of the Equator northward to the Gulf of Aden and occupies an important geopolitical position between sub-Saharan Africa and the countries of Arabia and southwestern Asia. The capital, Mogadishu, is located

  • Somalia at the Turn of the 21st Century

    For Somalia to reestablish itself as a nation, we need to put an end to our deranged behavior. I for one trace our strife not to an inherent antagonism between clan families but to the defeat we suffered at the hands of the combined forces of Ethiopia and Cuba in 1978 over the control of the

  • Somalia intervention (military operation [1992-1993])

    Somalia intervention, United States-led military operation in 1992–93 mounted as part of a wider international humanitarian and peacekeeping effort in Somalia that began in the summer of 1992 and ended in the spring of 1995. The intervention culminated in the so-called Battle of Mogadishu on

  • Somalia irredenta (region, East Africa)

    eastern Africa: Somalia irredenta: The Mogadishu government became independent on July 1, 1960. Its flag was dominated by a star, three points of which represented Djibouti, the Somali-inhabited northern region of Kenya, and the Ethiopian Ogaden. Together, these made up Somalia irredenta. In the Ogaden, young men…

  • Somalia, flag of

    national flag consisting of a light blue field with a central white star. It has a width-to-length ratio of 2 to 3.Beginning in the mid-19th century, areas in the Horn of Africa populated by Somalis were divided among Ethiopia, France, Britain, and Italy. Following World War II, the former Italian

  • Somalia, history of

    Somalia at the Turn of the 21st Century: For Somalia to reestablish itself as a nation, we need to put an end to our deranged behavior. I for one trace our strife not to an inherent antagonism between clan families but to the defeat we suffered at the hands of the combined forces of…

  • Somaliland (historical region, Africa)

    Somaliland, historically, the area now comprising Somalia and Djibouti. The name is also used to refer to the Republic of Somaliland, a self-declared independent country in the Horn of Africa. The region probably formed part of the “Land of Punt” known to the ancient Egyptians. Between the 7th and

  • Somaliland, Republic of

    Somaliland: Republic of Somaliland: Following the civil war that began in Somalia in the 1980s and the subsequent overthrow of that country’s government in 1991, a government opposition group, the Somali National Movement, secured the region comprising the former British Somaliland. In May 1991 they announced…

  • soman (gas)

    anticholinesterase: insecticides, while sarin, tabun, and soman are nerve gases designed for use in chemical warfare to induce nausea, vomiting, convulsions, and death in humans.

  • Somanātha (temple, Prabhāsa Patan, India)

    South Asian arts: Medieval temple architecture: North Indian style of Gujarāt: Successively damaged and rebuilt, the Somanātha at Prabhāsa Patan was the most famous temple of Gujarāt, its best known structure dating from the time of Kumārapāla (mid-12th century). It has been now dismantled, but a great temple built at the site in recent years testifies to the survival of ancient…

  • Somapura Mahavira (Buddhist monastery, Bangladesh)

    Somapura Mahavira, (Sanskrit: “Great Monastery”) 8th-century Buddhist monastery in the village of Paharpur, near Rajshahi, northwestern Bangladesh. Covering almost 27 acres (11 hectares) of land, it is one of the largest monasteries south of the Himalayas. Through the 17th century it was an

  • Somare, Arthur (Papuan politician)

    Papua New Guinea: Recovery in the 21st century: The prime minister’s son Arthur Somare, minister for public enterprises, began negotiations on a multibillion-dollar liquefied natural gas project in the central Highlands that would supply energy to companies in East Asia. Then, in July 2010, the Supreme Court declared unconstitutional the restrictions on the voting rights of MPs…

  • Somare, Sir Michael (prime minister of Papua New Guinea)

    Papua New Guinea: Recovery in the 21st century: Sir Michael Somare joined the new National Alliance Party in 1997; he led it to victory in the July 2002 elections and formed a government in coalition with 20 other parties. Despite having inherited a large budget deficit, Somare’s administration benefited from Morauta’s reforms, and…

  • Somasteroidea (fossil echinoderm class)

    echinoderm: Annotated classification: ?Class Somasteroidea Lower Ordovician to Upper Devonian about 350,000,000 years ago. Superficially like Asteroidea, without a groove for tube feet. Class Asteroidea(starfishes or sea stars) Fossil and living forms (Middle Ordovician about 460,000,000 years ago to Recent); about 1,800 living species; arms broad, hollow; pinnate

  • Somateria mollissima (bird)

    eider: In the common eider (Somateria mollissima), with four or five races, differing mainly in length and colour of bill, the drake is mostly white above with black crown, belly, and tail. Like all eiders, this species is at home in the far north. It breeds along icy…

  • Somateria spectabilis (bird species)

    anseriform: Importance to humans: …of the of the king eider’s (Somateria spectabilis) billknob as an aphrodisiac in Greenland. Wary and difficult to approach in their watery haunts, waterfowl required ingenuity to take them before the advent of efficient weapons. The period of flightlessness was discovered early and exploited by driving the birds into corrals…

  • somatic afferent fibre, general (anatomy)

    human nervous system: Functional types of spinal nerves: General somatic afferent receptors are sensitive to pain, thermal sensation, touch and pressure, and changes in the position of the body. (Pain and temperature sensation coming from the surface of the body is called exteroceptive, while sensory information arising from tendons, muscles, or joint capsules…

  • somatic cell (cell)

    Soma, in biology, all the living matter of an animal or a plant except the reproductive, or germ, cells. The distinction between the soma and the germ cells was propounded by the 19th-century German biologist August Weismann in the “germ plasm” theory that emphasized the role of the immortal,

  • somatic cell genetics

    evolution: Chromosomal mutations: …chromosomes as the body (somatic) cells. But the number, size, and organization of chromosomes varies between species. The parasitic nematode Parascaris univalens has only one pair of chromosomes, whereas many species of butterflies have more than 100 pairs and some ferns more than 600. Even closely related organisms may…

  • somatic cell nuclear transfer (biology and technology)

    Somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT), technique in which the nucleus of a somatic (body) cell is transferred to the cytoplasm of an enucleated egg (an egg that has had its own nucleus removed). Once inside the egg, the somatic nucleus is reprogrammed by egg cytoplasmic factors to become a zygote

  • somatic efferent fibre, general (anatomy)

    human nervous system: Functional types of spinal nerves: General somatic efferent fibres originate from large ventral-horn cells and distribute to skeletal muscles in the body wall and in the extremities. General visceral efferent fibres also arise from cell bodies located within the spinal cord, but they exit only at thoracic and upper lumbar…

  • somatic gene therapy (medicine)

    gene therapy: Approaches to gene therapy: Somatic cells cured by gene therapy may reverse the symptoms of disease in the treated individual, but the modification is not passed on to the next generation. Germline gene therapy aims to place corrected cells inside the germ line (e.g., cells of the ovary or…

  • somatic muscle (anatomy)

    Skeletal muscle, in vertebrates, most common of the three types of muscle in the body. Skeletal muscles are attached to bones by tendons, and they produce all the movements of body parts in relation to each other. Unlike smooth muscle and cardiac muscle, skeletal muscle is under voluntary control.

  • somatic mutation (genetics)

    Somatic mutation, genetic alteration acquired by a cell that can be passed to the progeny of the mutated cell in the course of cell division. Somatic mutations differ from germ line mutations, which are inherited genetic alterations that occur in the germ cells (i.e., sperm and eggs). Somatic

  • somatic nervous system (anatomy)

    renal system: The bladder: (3) The somatic nerves cause contraction of the external sphincter; their sensory fibres relay information as to the state of distension of the posterior urethra.

  • somatization disorder (psychology)

    mental disorder: Somatization disorder: This type of somatoform disorder, formerly known as Briquet syndrome (after French physician Paul Briquet), is characterized by multiple, recurrent physical complaints involving a wide range of bodily functions. The complaints, which usually extend over the course of many years, cannot be explained fully…

  • somatocrinin

    Growth hormone-releasing hormone (GHRH), a large peptide hormone that exists in several forms that differ from one another only in the number of amino acids, which can vary from 37 to 44. Unlike other neurohormones (substances produced by specialized cells typical of the nervous system), GHRH is

  • somatoform disorder (psychology)

    mental disorder: Somatoform disorders: In somatoform disorders, psychological distress is manifested through physical symptomatology (combined symptoms of a disease) or other physical concerns, but distress can occur in the absence of a medical condition. Even when a medical condition is present, it may not fully account for the…

  • somatomancy (occult practice)

    divination: Interpretive divination: Somatomancy, or body divination, is clearly interpretive in most forms, whether in China or the West, though the system of signs employed comprises private attributes of the client’s physique. Examples are phrenology, which employs features of the head that are normally unnoticed, and the reading…

  • somatomedin (biochemistry)

    insulin-like growth factor: There are two IGFs: IGF-1 and IGF-2. These two factors, despite the similarity of their names, are distinguishable in terms of specific actions on tissues because they bind to and activate different receptors. The major action of IGFs is on cell growth. Indeed, most of the actions of pituitary…

  • somatopleure (anatomy)

    amnion: …of extra-embryonic tissue called the somatopleure. Lined with ectoderm and covered with mesoderm (both are germ layers), the amnion contains a thin, transparent fluid in which the embryo is suspended, thus providing a cushion against mechanical injury. The amnion also provides protection against fluid loss from the embryo itself and…

  • somatosensory area (anatomy)

    human nervous system: General organization of perception: The cerebral cortex has three somatosensory areas. The primary sensory area occupies the postcentral gyrus immediately behind the motor strip and receives input from the ventrolateral thalamus. The secondary area is above the Sylvian fissure, behind the secondary motor area, and receives somatosensory input from the lateral part of the…

  • somatostatin (biochemistry)

    Somatostatin, polypeptide that inhibits the activity of certain pancreatic and gastrointestinal hormones. Somatostatin exists in two forms: one composed of 14 amino acids and a second composed of 28 amino acids. The name somatostatin, essentially meaning stagnation of a body, was coined when

  • somatostatinoma (tumour)

    somatostatin: …rare somatostatin-producing tumour called a somatostatinoma was first identified. Since then somatostatinomas have been well characterized. The tumours tend to develop in the pancreas, duodenum, or jejunum, and diagnosis is based on plasma levels of a substance called somatostatin-like immunoreactivity (SLI), which may be 50 times greater than normal in…

  • somatotroph (anatomy)

    growth hormone: …by anterior pituitary cells called somatotrophs, which release between one and two milligrams of the hormone each day. GH is vital for normal physical growth in children; its levels rise progressively during childhood and peak during the growth spurt that occurs in puberty.

  • somatotroph adenoma (tumour)

    pituitary tumour: …addition to surgery, patients with somatotroph adenomas can be treated with analogs of the hypothalamic hormone somatostatin, given by injection, which inhibit growth hormone secretion, or with a drug (pegvisomant) that blocks the action of growth hormone.

  • somatotropic hormone

    Growth hormone (GH), peptide hormone secreted by the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland. It stimulates the growth of essentially all tissues of the body, including bone. GH is synthesized and secreted by anterior pituitary cells called somatotrophs, which release between one and two milligrams of

  • somatotropin

    Growth hormone (GH), peptide hormone secreted by the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland. It stimulates the growth of essentially all tissues of the body, including bone. GH is synthesized and secreted by anterior pituitary cells called somatotrophs, which release between one and two milligrams of

  • somatotype (physiology)

    Somatotype, human body shape and physique type. The term somatotype is used in the system of classification of human physical types developed by U.S. psychologist W.H. Sheldon. In Sheldon’s system, human beings can be classified as to body build in terms of three extreme body types: endomorphic, or

  • somatrem (biosynthetic hormone)

    growth hormone: Growth hormone deficiency: …human form, which they called somatrem, thus assuring a virtually unlimited supply of this once-precious substance.

  • Somba (people)

    Benin: Ethnic groups: The Somba (Ditamari) are found in Natitingou and in villages in the northwest. Other northern groups include the Dendi, the Pila (Pilapila), the Yoa-Lokpa, and the nomadic Fulani (Peul). Europeans, Lebanese, South Asians, and Africans from other countries are among the foreigners who reside in Benin,…

  • Sombart, Werner (German historical economist)

    Werner Sombart, German historical economist who incorporated Marxist principles and Nazi theories in his writings on capitalism. The son of a wealthy landowner and politician, Sombart was educated in Berlin, Pisa, and Rome, obtaining his Ph.D. from the University of Berlin in 1888. He taught at the

  • sombra del caudillo, La (work by Guzmán)

    Martín Luis Guzmán: …also famous for his novel La sombra del caudillo (1929; “The Shadow of the Leader”), in which he depicted the political corruption of the 1920s in Mexico. His other major works include Memorias de Pancho Villa (1940; Memoirs of Pancho Villa), Mina el mozo, héroe de Navarra (1932; “Mina the…

  • Sombras suele vestir (work by Bianco)

    José Bianco: Shadow Play is a fantastic tale in the manner of Borges and Bioy Casares, written in a classic, unobtrusive style that allows for the unsettling of reality to occur almost unnoticed by the reader. The novella was included in the Antología de la literatura fantástica…

  • sombrero (hat)

    Sombrero, broad-brimmed, high-crowned hat made of felt or straw, worn especially in Spain, Mexico, and the southwestern United States. The sombrero, its name derived from the Spanish word sombra, meaning “shade,” first appeared in the 15th century. Gentlemen often wore tan, white, or gray felt

  • sombrero de tres picos, El (work by Alarcón)

    Pedro Antonio de Alarcón y Ariza: …sombrero de tres picos (1874; The Three-Cornered Hat).

  • sombrero de tres picos, El (work by Falla)

    theatre music: Music for ballet: …as a “poème choréographique,” and The Three-cornered Hat (1919) by the Spanish composer Manuel de Falla. Distinctive original scores for ballet continued usually to be the outcome of specific commissions. Composers do not yet normally think in terms of dance (as they do in terms of song), although in Great…

  • Somchai Wongsawat (prime minister of Thailand)

    Thailand: Yellow shirts and red shirts: …Court, and the parliament elected Somchai Wongsawat, brother-in-law of Thaksin, as prime minister. In October Thaksin, who by then was living in exile, was convicted in absentia on charges of corruption.

  • Some Account of Gothic Architecture in Spain (work by Street)

    George Edmund Street: …the Middle Ages (1855) and Some Account of Gothic Architecture in Spain (1865; reprinted 1969), illustrated with his own drawings, were widely used as sourcebooks for Gothic Revival architectural detail.

  • Some Aspects of Rabbinic Theology (work by Schechter)

    Solomon Schechter: His book, Some Aspects of Rabbinic Theology (1909), which led to a sympathetic reappraisal of the teachings of the Pharisees, is an outgrowth of his lectures at Cambridge.

  • Some Came Running (film by Minnelli [1958])

    Some Came Running, American dramatic film, released in 1958, that was especially noted for the performances by Frank Sinatra and Dean Martin—in their first screen pairing—and Shirley MacLaine. The film follows Dave Hirsh (Sinatra), a famous writer who returns to his small hometown in Indiana after

  • Some Came Running (novel by Jones)

    James Jones: ) In his second novel, Some Came Running, published in 1958, the same year that he moved to Paris, Jones drew on his Midwestern life in Illinois after the war. His next two novels, however, returned to his wartime experiences: The Pistol (1959) and The Thin Red Line (1963). Jones…

  • Some Ethical Gains Through Legislation (work by Kelley)

    Florence Kelley: Among her publications were Some Ethical Gains Through Legislation (1905) and Modern Industry (1913); she edited Edmond Kelly’s Twentieth Century Socialism (1910). With Wald she led in organizing the New York Child Labor Committee in 1902, and in 1904 she was a founder of the National Child Labor Committee.…

  • Some Girls (album by the Rolling Stones)

    the Rolling Stones: Lineup changes, disbanding, and reunion: …the occasional bright spot like Some Girls (1978), Emotional Rescue (1980), or “Start Me Up” (1981), the Stones’ albums and singles became increasingly predictable, though their tours continued to sell out. They even briefly disbanded in the late 1980s after a public spat between Jagger and Richards. Both leaders recorded…

  • Some Hearts (album by Underwood)

    Carrie Underwood: …Records, and the resulting album, Some Hearts (2005), was a massive commercial hit, eventually selling more than seven million copies and cementing Underwood’s status as one of American Idol’s most successful alumni. She supported the album with a 150-show tour in 2006, sharing bills with Kenny Chesney and Brad Paisley…

  • Some Horses (essays by McGuane)

    Thomas McGuane: , 1990), Some Horses (1999), and The Longest Silence: A Life in Fishing (1999)—reflect mostly on leisure and the outdoors, especially his passion for fly-fishing and horseback riding. McGuane was inducted into the American Academy of Arts and Letters in 2010.

  • Some Inner Fury (work by Markandaya)

    Kamala Markandaya: Her next book, Some Inner Fury (1955), is set in 1942 during the Indian struggle for independence. It portrays the troubled relationship between an educated Indian woman, whose brother is an anti-British terrorist, and a British civil servant who loves her. Marriage provides the setting for a conflict…

  • Some Leading Principles of Political Economy Newly Expounded (work by Cairnes)

    John Elliott Cairnes: …his last and largest work, Some Leading Principles of Political Economy Newly Expounded (1874).

  • Some Like It Hot (film by Wilder [1959])

    Some Like It Hot, American screwball comedy film, released in 1959, that is considered one of best in that genre. Some Like It Hot featured Marilyn Monroe as a “dumb blonde” and Tony Curtis and Jack Lemmon as women. Curtis and Lemmon played down-on-their luck musicians who are marked for death by a

  • Some Loose Stones (work by Knox)

    Ronald Knox: …his graduation and conversion in Some Loose Stones (1913) and in Reunion All Round (1914). He chronicled his struggle and its resolution in A Spiritual Aeneid (1918). The final expression of his position appeared in The Belief of Catholics (1927). Six volumes of Knox’s sermons were published, including Heaven and…

  • Some Passages of the Life and Death of John, Earl of Rochester (work by Burnet)

    English literature: Chroniclers: …to attend him, and, in Some Passages of the Life and Death of John, Earl of Rochester (1680), he offered a fascinating account of their conversations as the erstwhile rake edged toward a rapprochement with the faith he had spurned. Burnet’s account of Rochester’s final faith and penitence has been…

  • Some Prefer Nettles (novel by Tanizaki)

    Some Prefer Nettles, autobiographical novel by Tanizaki Jun’ichirō, published in Japanese in 1928–29 as Tade kuu mushi. It originally appeared as a newspaper serial, and it is generally considered one of the author’s finest works. Anticipating a common theme of post-World War II Japanese novels,

  • Some Principles of Maritime Strategy (work by Corbett)

    naval warfare: Guerrilla war at sea: the submarine: ” In Some Principles of Maritime Strategy (1911), Sir Julian S. Corbett sorted out the separate roles of the battle fleet and the cruisers: the former established control of the seas by its concentrated presence or in a climactic battle; the latter either struck at lines of…

  • Some Problems in Philosophy (work by James)

    William James: Career in philosophy: …the implications of the posthumous Some Problems of Philosophy may be trusted—was to mitigate. These overbeliefs involve a panpsychistic interpretation of experience (one that ascribes a psychic aspect to all of nature) that goes beyond radical empiricism and the pragmatic rule into conventional metaphysics.

  • Some Specimens of the Poetry of the Antient Welsh Bards (work by Evans)

    Evan Evans: His first publication, Some Specimens of the Poetry of the Antient Welsh Bards (1764), which contains English translations with historical notes, secured his reputation as a scholar and critic. Much of his own Welsh-language poetry is in the collection Dyddanwch Teuluaidd. Evans’ bardic names were Ieuan Brydydd Hir…

  • Some Suggestions in Ethics (work by Bosanquet)

    Bernard Bosanquet: …philosophy, particularly the practical work Some Suggestions in Ethics (1918), shows a similar desire to view reality coherently, as a concrete unity in which pleasure and duty, egoism and altruism are reconciled. He asserted that the same passion shown by Plato for the unity of the universe reappeared in Christianity…

  • Some Thoughts Concerning Education (work by Locke)

    John Locke: Early years: In his enormously influential work Some Thoughts Concerning Education (1693), he would argue for the superiority of private tutoring for the education of young gentlemen (see below Other works).

  • Some Time in New York City (album by Lennon and Ono)

    John Lennon: …with the failed agitprop album Some Time in New York City and the defeat of Democratic presidential candidate George McGovern by incumbent Pres. Richard Nixon, whose administration was attempting to deport Lennon, a vocal and adamant opponent of the Vietnam War.

  • Somebody in Boots (work by Algren)

    Nelson Algren: Algren’s first novel, Somebody in Boots (1935), relates the driftings during the Depression of a young, poor, white Texan who ends up among the down-and-outs of Chicago. Never Come Morning (1942) tells of a Polish petty criminal who dreams of escaping from his squalid Northwest Side Chicago environment…

  • Somebody Up There Likes Me (film by Wise [1956])

    Robert Wise: Films of the 1950s: … (1956), with James Cagney, and Somebody up There Likes Me (1956), a charming biography of one-time world middleweight boxing champion Rocky Graziano, who is appealingly portrayed by Paul Newman.

  • Someday Baby (song by Dylan)

    Bob Dylan: …rock vocal performance for “Someday Baby.”

  • Somehow We Survive (poem by Brutus)

    Dennis Brutus: …somehow tenderness survives” (from “Somehow We Survive”). Even in Letters to Martha and Other Poems from a South African Prison (1968), which records his experiences of misery and loneliness as a political prisoner, Brutus exhibits a restrained artistic control and combines tenderness with anger.

  • Someone Knows My Name (novel by Hill)

    The Book of Negroes, novel by Lawrence Hill, published in 2007 (under the title Someone Knows My Name in the United States, Australia, and New Zealand). Hill’s third novel, it is a work of historical fiction inspired by the document called the “Book of Negroes,” a list of Black Loyalists who fled

  • Someone like You (recording by Adele)

    Adele: …the affecting breakup ballad “Someone like You.” Both songs hit number one in multiple countries, and, despite a vocal-cord ailment that forced Adele to cancel numerous tour dates in 2011, the album became the biggest-selling release of the year in both the United States and the United Kingdom. Additionally,…

  • Someone like You (film by Goldwyn [2001])

    Hugh Jackman: …a pair of romantic comedies, Someone like You (2001) and Kate & Leopold (2001), before once again unsheathing Wolverine’s trademark razor claws in X2 (2003). Jackman made his Broadway debut in 2003 as singer-songwriter Peter Allen in the biographical musical The Boy from Oz. For American filmgoers who were unfamiliar…

  • Someone Like You (work by Dahl)

    Roald Dahl: He achieved best-seller status with Someone like You (1953; rev. ed. 1961), a collection of macabre stories for adults, which was followed by Kiss, Kiss (1959), which focused on stormy romantic relationships.

  • Somerled (Scottish lord)

    Renfrew: In 1164 Somerled, lord of the Western (Scottish) Isles, was defeated and killed there by the Scottish monarch Malcolm IV. A burgh in the 12th century, it received its charter in 1396. It is the historic county town (seat) of Renfrewshire. The development of steel and shipbuilding…

  • Somers of Evesham, John Somers, Baron (English statesman)

    John Somers, Baron Somers, English statesman, chief minister to King William III of England from 1696 to 1700, and a leader of the group of influential Whigs known as the Junto from 1696 to 1716. Admitted to the bar in 1676, he made his reputation by assisting in the successful defense (1688) of

  • Somers, Andrew (British musician)

    the Police: ), and Andy Summers (original name Andrew Somers; b. December 31, 1942, Poulton-le-Fylde, Lancashire, England).

  • Somers, Jane (British writer)

    Doris Lessing, British writer whose novels and short stories are largely concerned with people involved in the social and political upheavals of the 20th century. She was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 2007. Her family was living in Persia at the time of her birth but moved to a farm in

  • Somers, John Somers, Baron (English statesman)

    John Somers, Baron Somers, English statesman, chief minister to King William III of England from 1696 to 1700, and a leader of the group of influential Whigs known as the Junto from 1696 to 1716. Admitted to the bar in 1676, he made his reputation by assisting in the successful defense (1688) of

  • Somerset (county, Pennsylvania, United States)

    Somerset, county, southwestern Pennsylvania, U.S., bordered to the south by Maryland and to the west by Laurel Hill, the Youghiogheny River, and Youghiogheny River Lake. It lies in the Allegheny Mountains and includes Negro and Savage mountains and Mount Davis, the highest point in Pennsylvania

  • Somerset (county, New Jersey, United States)

    Somerset, county, north-central New Jersey, U.S., bordered to the northeast by the Passaic River and to the east by Green Brook and the Raritan River. Its topography varies from lowlands in the east to a hilly piedmont region in the west. The principal waterways (in addition to the Green, Passaic,

  • Somerset (county, Maine, United States)

    Somerset, county, west-central Maine, U.S. It consists of a mountain-and-plateau region bordered by Quebec, Canada, to the northwest and drained by the Moose and Kennebec rivers. Other waters include Flagstaff, Seboomook, and Brassua lakes. The Appalachian National Scenic Trail traverses the county

  • Somerset (county, England, United Kingdom)

    Somerset, administrative, geographic, and historic county of southwestern England. It is bordered to the northwest by the Bristol Channel, to the north by Gloucestershire, to the east by Wiltshire, to the southeast by Dorset, and to the southwest by Devon. Taunton, in west-central Somerset, is the

  • Somerset (county, Maryland, United States)

    Somerset, county, southeastern Maryland, U.S. It consists of a marshy tidewater peninsula bordered by the Wicomico River to the northwest, the Pocomoke River to the southeast, Pocomoke Sound to the south, and Tangier Sound of Chesapeake Bay to the west; it includes Deal, South Marsh, and Smith

  • Somerset Island (island, Nunavut, Canada)

    Somerset Island, island in the Canadian Arctic Archipelago, Nunavut. It is separated from Boothia Peninsula (south) by the narrow Bellot Strait, from Prince of Wales Island (west) by Peel Sound, and from Baffin Island (east) by Prince Regent Inlet. It is about 160 miles (260 km) long, 22–105 miles

  • Somerset, 4th Earl of (English noble)

    Edmund Beaufort, 2nd duke of Somerset, English nobleman and Lancastrian leader whose quarrel with Richard, duke of York, helped precipitate the Wars of the Roses (1455–85) between the houses of Lancaster and York. He was a member of the Beaufort family, which in the 1430s obtained control—with

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