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  • South Orange Village (New Jersey, United States)

    South Orange Village, township (town), Essex county, northeastern New Jersey, U.S., immediately west of Newark. Following the American Civil War, many residents of New York City were attracted by the natural beauty of the open, rolling country and moved into the area. It was originally the Orange

  • South Orkney Islands (islands, South Atlantic Ocean)

    South Orkney Islands, island group lying between the Scotia Sea to the north and the Weddell Sea to the south in the South Atlantic Ocean. It is composed of two large islands (Coronation and Laurie) and a number of smaller islands and rocky islets and forms part of the British Antarctic Territory.

  • South Ossetia (region, Georgia)

    South Ossetia, autonomous republic in Georgia that declared independence in 2008. Only a few countries—most notably Russia, which maintains a military presence in South Ossetia—recognize its independence. South Ossetia occupies the southern slopes of the Greater Caucasus mountains. The region is

  • South Oxfordshire (district, England, United Kingdom)

    South Oxfordshire, district, administrative county of Oxfordshire, south-central England. It occupies an area in the southeastern part of the county between the cities of Oxford (northwest) and Reading (south). Most of the district lies within the historic county of Oxfordshire, but the areas to

  • South Pacific (work by Rodgers and Hammerstein)

    Oscar Hammerstein, II: …Prize, 1944), Carousel (1945), and South Pacific (1949; Pulitzer Prize in 1950), combining bright tunes with relatively sophisticated stories—a blend then unfamiliar to the stage but later widely adopted. Hammerstein’s lyrics are often marked by a simplicity and sensitivity perhaps best exemplified by “If I Loved You” (from Carousel).

  • South Pacific Bureau for Economic Co-operation (international organization)

    Pacific Islands Forum: The resulting group, the South Pacific Bureau for Economic Co-operation, was established in April 1973 and worked to facilitate member cooperation on trade, tourism, transportation, and economic development. In 2000 Forum leaders adopted the Biketawa Declaration, which was a response to regional political instability and which put forward a…

  • South Pacific Current (ocean current)

    equatorial current: The latter feeds the South Pacific Current and West Wind Drift, which move eastward to the Peru Current. The Peru Current flows north as a source of the Pacific South Equatorial Current.

  • South Pacific, University of the (university, Suva, Fiji)

    Fiji: Education and health: The University of the South Pacific, near Suva, is a regional institution; Fiji and other Pacific Islands governments fund its budget, and foreign aid meets the costs of buildings and capital development. There are campuses in other countries of the region. To extend the reach of…

  • South Park (American animated television series)

    South Park, American adult-oriented animated comedy series that has aired on the cable network Comedy Central since 1997. The controversial series won Emmy Awards for outstanding animated program in 2005, 2007, 2008, 2009, and 2012. South Park is set in a fictional Colorado town of the same name

  • South Park Junior College (university, Texas, United States)

    Lamar University, public, coeducational institution of higher learning in Beaumont, Texas, U.S. It is a member of the Texas State University System, as are its former branch campuses: Lamar Institute of Technology, Lamar State College at Orange, and Lamar State College at Port Arthur (all two-year

  • South Pass (mountain pass, United States)

    Oregon Trail: Early trailblazers: …and his companions discovered the South Pass in southwestern Wyoming, a 20-mile (32-km) gap in the Rocky Mountains that offered the lowest (and easiest) crossing of the Continental Divide. (Lewis and Clark, unaware of the pass, had crossed the divide at a more treacherous spot farther to the north.) Astor’s…

  • South Penn Oil Co. (American company)

    Pennzoil Company, American petroleum corporation that became an important producer of crude oil and natural gas and a major marketer of automotive products before disappearing at the end of the 20th century in a series of mergers and acquisitions. Pennzoil’s origins can be traced to two parallel

  • South Picene language (language)

    South Picene language, an ancient Italic language (formerly referred to as Old Sabellic [Old Sabellian], or Central Adriatic) known from some two dozen short inscriptions (5th and 6th centuries bc) found in east-central Italy, primarily in the region of present-day Teramo (the southern part of

  • South Picene text (ancient inscription)

    South Picene language: The South Picene texts, written in a distinctive variety of the Etruscan alphabet also used sporadically elsewhere in Italy, are of considerable importance for both the history of the Italic languages and the development of writing in Italy. Some of the South Picene documents show extensive…

  • South Platte River (river, United States)

    South Platte River, one of the two main arms of the Platte River (q.v.), rising in the Mosquito Range of central Colorado, U.S., and flowing southeast. West of Divide, Colo., the river turns sharply northeast, flows through the Front Range via the Platte River Canyon, and emerges on the flatland

  • South Polar skua (bird)

    Antarctica: Birds: South Polar (McCormick’s) skua—breed exclusively on the continent or on nearby islands. An absence of mammalian land predators and the rich offshore food supply make Antarctic coasts a haven for immense seabird rookeries. Penguins, of the order Sphenisciformes, symbolize this polar region, though they live…

  • South Pole (geography)

    South Pole, southern end of the Earth’s axis, lying in Antarctica, about 300 miles (480 km) south of the Ross Ice Shelf. This geographic South Pole does not coincide with the magnetic South Pole, from which magnetic compasses point and which lies on the Adélie Coast (at about 66°00′ S, 139°06′ E;

  • South Pole Neutrino Observatory (neutrino detector)

    Antarctica: Post-IGY research: …Antarctic Systems and Stocks], and IceCube [South Pole Neutrino Observatory]). Additional scientific endeavours included the various SCAR working groups and, notably, a collection of interdisciplinary projects and international observing networks, such as the Southern Ocean Observing System (SOOS).

  • South Qinghai Mountains (mountains, China)

    Qinghai: Agriculture and forestry: …the Koko Nor and the Qinghainan (South Qinghai) Mountains to the west and south of the lake. On the eastern side is the Huang He drainage area, consisting of large tracts of farmland crisscrossed by irrigation canals and dotted with settlements. Spring wheat, barley, and Irish potatoes are produced in…

  • South Ribble (district, England, United Kingdom)

    South Ribble, borough (district), administrative and historic county of Lancashire, northwestern England. It occupies an area south of the borough of Preston. Leyland is the administrative centre, and the borough also includes part of the city of Preston. The borough is part of the Lancashire

  • South Riverside (California, United States)

    Corona, city, Riverside county, southwestern California, U.S. Located about 45 miles (70 km) southeast of Los Angeles, Corona lies at the east end of the Santa Ana Canyon on the northeastern edge of the Santa Ana Mountains. Originally inhabited by Luise?o Indians, it became part of the Rancho La

  • South Ronaldsay Island (island, Scotland, United Kingdom)

    Orkney Islands: …small islands of Burray and South Ronaldsay, to the south of East Mainland, are now joined to it by causeways constructed during World War II to prevent enemy submarines from entering the naval base at Scapa Flow. The second largest of the Orkney Islands, Hoy, lies south of West Mainland,…

  • South Saint Paul (Minnesota, United States)

    South Saint Paul, city, Dakota county, southeastern Minnesota, U.S. It lies on the Mississippi River, adjacent to the city of St. Paul. It was settled in the 1850s on the site of a Sioux village (Kaposia, 1826–53). Until 1889 the South St. Paul area included West St. Paul. The St. Paul Union

  • South Sami language

    Sami language: South Sami is used by a few persons in central Norway and north-central Sweden.

  • South Samoyedic languages

    Samoyedic languages: …into two subgroups—North Samoyedic and South Samoyedic. The North Samoyedic subgroup consists of Nenets (Yurak), Enets (Yenisey), and Nganasan (Tavgi). The South Samoyedic subgroup comprises Selkup and the practically extinct Kamas language. None of these languages was written before 1930, and they are currently used only occasionally for

  • South San Francisco (California, United States)

    South San Francisco, city, San Mateo county, western California, U.S. Situated at the southern base of San Bruno Mountain, it lies about 3 miles (5 km) south of San Francisco on U.S. Highway 101 Bypass. The area was formerly part of Rancho Buriburi, a Mexican land grant designated in 1835. Much of

  • South Sandwich Islands (islands, Atlantic Ocean)

    South Sandwich Islands, group of actively volcanic islets in the South Atlantic Ocean, north of the Weddell Sea and 470 miles (760 km) southeast of the island of South Georgia. They extend for 190 miles (305 km), occupy 120 square miles (310 square km), and are covered with glaciers. Until 1985

  • South Sandwich Trench (geological feature, Atlantic Ocean)

    deep-sea trench: Types: The South Sandwich Trench is located west of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge between South America and Antarctica. The Puerto Rico Trench joins the Lesser Antilles Island arc in the eastern Caribbean.

  • South Sea (sea, Pacific Ocean)

    South China Sea, arm of the western Pacific Ocean that borders the Southeast Asian mainland. It is bounded on the northeast by the Taiwan Strait (by which it is connected to the East China Sea); on the east by Taiwan and the Philippines; on the southeast and south by Borneo, the southern limit of

  • South Sea Bubble (British history)

    South Sea Bubble, the speculation mania that ruined many British investors in 1720. The bubble, or hoax, centred on the fortunes of the South Sea Company, founded in 1711 to trade (mainly in slaves) with Spanish America, on the assumption that the War of the Spanish Succession, then drawing to a

  • South Sea Company (British company)

    United Kingdom: The supremacy of the Whigs: The South Sea Company had been founded in 1711 as a trading and finance company. In 1719 its directors offered to take over a large portion of the national debt previously managed by the Bank of England. The Whig administration supported this takeover, and in return…

  • South Semitic alphabet

    South Semitic alphabet, any of a group of minor scripts originating in the Arabian Peninsula in about 1000 bc, possibly related to the writing system used in the Sinaitic inscriptions. These scripts, most of which were used only in the Arabian Peninsula, are of note because of their great age and

  • South Seymour Island (island, Ecuador)

    Baltra Island, one of the smaller of the Galápagos Islands, with an area of 8 square miles (21 square km). It lies in the eastern Pacific Ocean, about 600 miles (1,000 km) west of Ecuador. Before volcanic faulting occurred, the island was a part of Santa Cruz (Indefatigable) Island. During World W

  • South Shetland Islands (island, British Antarctic Territory)

    South Shetland Islands, island group forming part of the British Antarctic Territory in the Drake Passage of the South Atlantic Ocean. Lying 90 miles (150 km) north of the Antarctic Peninsula, Antarctica, the islands extend for 320 miles (510 km) and have a total area of 1,800 square miles (4,700

  • South Shields (England, United Kingdom)

    South Shields, town and North Sea port, South Tyneside district, metropolitan county of Tyne and Wear, historic county of Durham, northeastern England. It lies on the south side of the mouth of the River Tyne near the site of a Roman fort. The town, founded by the Convent of Durham in the 13th

  • South Shropshire (former district, England, United Kingdom)

    South Shropshire, former district, administrative county of Shropshire, western England. Nearly all of the former district lies in the historic county of Shropshire, but a small area south of Ludlow is part of the historic county of Herefordshire. Wales borders the mostly rural area to the west.

  • South Siberia (region, Asia)

    Asia: Central Asia and South Siberia: Central Asia consists of mountains, plateaus, and tablelands formed from fragments of the ancient platforms and surrounded by a folded area formed in the Paleozoic and Mesozoic eras. The mountains of southern Siberia and Mongolia were formed by renewed uplift of old faulted…

  • South Siberia group (linguistic group)

    Turkic languages: Classification: The heterogeneous South Siberian group (NEs) comprises three types. One is represented by Khakas and Shor (both written) and dialects such as Sagay, Kacha, Koybal, Kyzyl, Küerik, and Chulym (spoken in the Abakan River area). The second type is represented by Tyvan (Tuvan; spoken in Tyva [Tuva]…

  • South Siders (American baseball team)

    Chicago White Sox, American professional baseball team based in Chicago that plays in the American League (AL). The White Sox have won three World Series titles, two in the early 1900s (1906, 1917) and the third 88 years later, in 2005. They are often referred to as the “South Siders,” a reference

  • South Slav (people)

    Bosnia and Herzegovina: Ethnic groups and religions: …three groups share the same South Slav heritage. The major cultural difference between them is that of religious origin or affiliation—a difference that may be explained in part by the legacy of the Ottoman Empire, which allowed autonomous religious communities to coexist under its rule. Indeed, “Serb” and “Croat” referred…

  • South Slavic languages

    Europe: Romance, Germanic, and Slavic languages: The South Slavic languages include Slovene, Serbo-Croatian (known as Serbian, Croatian, or Bosnian), Macedonian, and Bulgarian.

  • South Somerset (district, England, United Kingdom)

    South Somerset, district, administrative county of Somerset, southwestern England, encompassing the southeastern part of the county. It lies almost entirely within the historic county of Somerset, except for a few small areas along its southern borders that belong to the historic counties of Dorset

  • South Spitsbergen National Park (national park, Norway)

    South Spitsbergen National Park, national park and bird sanctuary established by Norway in 1973 in the southern corner of the island of Spitsbergen, in the Svalbard archipelago in the Arctic Ocean. With an area of 2,046 square miles (5,300 square km), the park has four separate bird sanctuaries

  • South Staffordshire (district, England, United Kingdom)

    South Staffordshire, district, administrative and historic county of Staffordshire, central England, immediately west of the West Midlands metropolitan county centred on Birmingham. Codsall is the administrative centre. A greenbelt area of rolling terrain, South Staffordshire contains both rich

  • South Stradbroke Island (island, Queensland, Australia)

    North and South Stradbroke Islands: …islands consisting of North and South sections, off Moreton Bay, southeastern Queensland, Australia, named for the earl of Stradbroke in 1827. It was originally one island, but a storm in 1892 severed it in two by creating Jumpinpin Channel. South Stradbroke is about 14 mi (23 km) long and 12…

  • South Sudan

    South Sudan, country located in northeastern Africa. Its rich biodiversity includes lush savannas, swamplands, and rainforests that are home to many species of wildlife. Prior to 2011, South Sudan was part of Sudan, its neighbour to the north. South Sudan’s population, predominantly African

  • South Sudan pound (currency)

    South Sudan: Finance and trade: …and a new currency, the South Sudan pound, was introduced. In addition to the central bank, there are also commercial and foreign banks in the country.

  • South Sudan, flag of

    National flag consisting of three broad horizontal stripes of black, red, and green (top to bottom), with two narrower white horizontal stripes separating the black and red and the red and green stripes, and a blue triangle at the hoist, within which is a five-pointed yellow star. The flag’s

  • South Sudan, history of

    South Sudan: History: This discussion focuses on the history of South Sudan since the British conquest of the Sudan in the late 19th century. For earlier history and treatment of the area in its regional context, see Sudan: History.

  • South Sulawesi (province, Indonesia)

    South Sulawesi, propinsi (or provinsi; province), central and southwestern Celebes (Sulawesi), Indonesia. It is bounded by the provinces of Central Sulawesi (Sulawesi Tengah) to the north, Southeast Sulawesi (Sulawesi Tenggara) to the northeast, as well as by the Gulf of Bone to the east, the

  • South Sulawesi tarsier (primate)

    tarsier: The South Sulawesi, or spectral, tarsier (T. tarsier, formerly called T. spectrum) is primitive, with smaller eyes, shorter feet, and a hairier tail. There are several species on Celebes and its offshore islands, but most have not yet been described scientifically. The most distinctive is the…

  • South Sumatra (province, Indonesia)

    South Sumatra, propinsi (or provinsi; province), southern Sumatra, Indonesia. It is bounded to the north by the province of Jambi, to the east by the Bangka Strait, across which lies the island province of Bangka Belitung, to the southeast by the Java Sea, to the south by the province of Lampung,

  • South Summit (peak, Mount Everest, Nepal)

    Rob Hall: …but in 1995, at the South Summit—very close to the actual summit—he turned his clients back because of time constraints and excessive snow.

  • South Taranaki Bight (bay, New Zealand)

    Taranaki: South Taranaki Bight, similarly handicapped by drifting sand, is bordered by an alluvial plain.

  • South Thompson River (river, Canada)

    Thompson River: …southwesterly course to Kamloops; the South Thompson (206 miles) emerges from Shuswap Lake and flows northwesterly to Kamloops (see photograph), where the two streams unite for about 100 miles (160 km) and merge with the Fraser at Lytton. The river was explored by Simon Fraser in 1808 and was named…

  • South to a Very Old Place (work by Murray)

    Albert Murray: …in his second published work, South to a Very Old Place (1971). In Stomping the Blues (1976), Murray maintained that blues and jazz musical styles developed as affirmative responses to misery; he also explored the cultural significance of these music genres and other artistic genres in The Hero and the…

  • South Tyneside (district, England, United Kingdom)

    South Tyneside, metropolitan borough, metropolitan county of Tyne and Wear, northeastern England. It lies just southeast of the city of Newcastle upon Tyne and is bordered by the River Tyne to the north and the North Sea to the east. Stretches of scenic grassland and beach are found along the

  • South Uist (island, Outer Hebrides, Scotland, United Kingdom)

    South Uist, island of the Outer Hebrides, Western Isles council area, historic county of Inverness-shire, Scotland. It lies west of the island of Skye, from which it is separated by about 25 miles (40 km) of water. The island is 20 miles (30 km) north to south and 7 miles (11 km) wide and is

  • South Vietnam

    Vietnam, country occupying the eastern portion of mainland Southeast Asia. Tribal Viets inhabiting the Red River delta entered written history when China’s southward expansion reached them in the 3rd century bce. From that time onward, a dominant theme of Vietnam’s history has been interaction with

  • South Wales (region, Wales, United Kingdom)

    Wales: Urban settlement: …the total reside in the South Wales industrial zone, and many others live in the northeast. Prior to the Norman Conquest there was scarcely any urban development in Wales, but the Normans introduced castle towns (walled towns) that still dominate the contemporary urban landscape—at least in number if not in…

  • South Wales Miners’ Federation (British union)

    Wales: The 20th century: …to the founding of the South Wales Miners’ Federation; the coal owners strengthened their position by forming powerful combines. Despite fierce resistance, the miners won their campaigns for an 8-hour day and a minimum wage. Within the federation a new militancy, expressed in the policy document entitled the Miners’ Next…

  • South Waukegan (Illinois, United States)

    North Chicago, city, Lake county, northeastern Illinois, U.S. North Chicago lies on Lake Michigan, about 35 miles (55 km) north of Chicago. The area was primarily agricultural until the establishment of a wire manufacturing plant in 1891. Other industries soon followed. A strike at a plant in 1937

  • South West (region, England, United Kingdom)

    England: The South West: The South West contains the last Celtic stronghold in England, Cornwall, where a Celtic language was spoken until the 18th century. There is even a small nationalist movement, Mebyon Kernow (Sons of Cornwall), seeking to revive the old language. Although it has no…

  • South West Africa

    Namibia, country located on the southwestern coast of Africa. It is bordered by Angola to the north, Zambia to the northeast, Botswana to the east, South Africa to the southeast and south, and the Atlantic Ocean to the west. It ranges from arid in the north to desert on the coast and in the east.

  • South West Africa National Union (political organization, Namibia)

    Namibia: From resistance to liberation struggle: In 1959 SWANU (South West Africa National Union) was formed, largely by Herero intellectuals. Within a decade, SWAPO had become the dominant party and had grown beyond its Ovambo roots. The presence of Ovambo throughout the nation due to contract labour was used to forge a national communication…

  • South West Africa People’s Organization (political party, Namibia)

    SWAPO Party of Namibia, political party that began as a liberation movement in Namibia (formerly South West Africa) that advocated immediate Namibian independence from South Africa and became the country’s leading party following independence in 1990. It was founded in 1960, and, after South Africa

  • South Western (language)

    English language: Middle English: …was more appropriately named the South Western dialect. The Kentish dialect was considerably extended and was called South Eastern accordingly. All five Middle English dialects (Northern, West Midland, East Midland, South Western, and South Eastern) went their own ways and developed their own characteristics. The so-called Katherine Group of writings…

  • South Western State Normal College (university, California, Pennsylvania, United States)

    California University of Pennsylvania, public, coeducational institution of higher learning in California, Pennsylvania, U.S. It is one of 14 universities in the Pennsylvania State System of Higher Education. The university is composed of colleges of liberal arts, science and technology, and

  • South Wind (novel by Douglas)

    Norman Douglas: …of his most famous book, South Wind. All his books, whether fiction, topography, essays, or autobiography, have a charm arising from Douglas’s uninhibited expression of a bohemian, aristocratic personality. His prose is considered somewhat near the perfection of the conversational style.

  • South Yemen (former country, Yemen)

    Yemen: Two Yemeni states: …Aden renamed the country the People’s Republic of South Yemen. Short of resources and unable to obtain any significant amounts of aid, either from the Western states or from those in the Arab world, it began to drift toward the Soviet Union, which eagerly provided economic and technical assistance in…

  • South Yorkshire (region, England, United Kingdom)

    South Yorkshire, metropolitan county in north-central England. It comprises four metropolitan boroughs: Barnsley, Doncaster, Rotherham, and the city of Sheffield. South Yorkshire lies within the historic county of Yorkshire, except for three areas. In the metropolitan borough of Doncaster, the

  • South, James (British astronomer)

    Sir John Herschel, 1st Baronet: Observation of double stars: …was fortunate to find in James South a collaborator who was able to afford the refined instruments best suited for this work. The catalog that they compiled between 1821 and 1823 and published in the Philosophical Transactions in 1824 earned them the Gold Medal of the Royal Astronomical Society and…

  • South, Joe (American songwriter and musician)

    Joe South, (Joseph Alfred Souter; “The Reverend”), American guitarist and singer-songwriter (born Feb. 28, 1940, Atlanta, Ga.—died Sept. 5, 2012, Buford, Ga.), was a session musician in Nashville, backing such notables as Bob Dylan and Aretha Franklin, prior to achieving stardom in his own right

  • South, The (story by Borges)

    Argentina: …describes them in his story The South, the Pampas stretch endlessly to the horizon, dwarfing the humans within them; traveling from the capital toward Patagonia, the story’s protagonist, Se?or Dahlmann, “saw horsemen along dirt roads; he saw gullies and lagoons and ranches; he saw long luminous clouds that resembled marble;…

  • South, the (region, United States)

    The South, region, southeastern United States, generally though not exclusively considered to be south of the Mason and Dixon Line, the Ohio River, and the 36°30′ parallel. As defined by the U.S. federal government, it includes Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, the District of Columbia, Florida,

  • South, The (novel by Tóibín)

    Colm Tóibín: In Tóibín’s first novel, The South (1990), a female protagonist abandons her marriage and young son and embarks on a lifelong journey toward self-discovery. Other notable fiction includes The Heather Blazing (1992), The Story of the Night (1996), The Blackwater Lightship (1999; film 2004), and The Master (2004), the…

  • South, University of the (university, Sewanee, Tennessee, United States)

    University of the South, Private university in Sewanee, Tennessee, U.S., founded in 1857. Though affiliated with the Episcopal church, its teaching program is independent. It has a college of arts and sciences and a school of theology, which offers master’s and doctoral programs. Its literary

  • South-Central Dravidian languages

    Dravidian languages: South-Central Dravidian languages: Within the South-Central subgroup, the nonliterary languages are all spoken by Scheduled Tribes. Gondi, which is split into many dialects in the four neighbouring states of Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Orissa, and Andhra Pradesh, is spoken by

  • South-Eastern (state, Nigeria)

    Cross River, state, southeastern Nigeria. What is now Cross River state was part of the former Eastern region until 1967, when it became South-Eastern state; it received its present name in 1976. In 1987 the southwestern third of Cross River state became a new state called Akwa Ibom. The Cross

  • south-pointing carriage (device)

    Zu Chongzhi: …such as a semilegendary “south-pointing carriage” (most likely a mechanical device that kept a pointer in a fixed position); the carriage was topped by a symbolic figure that, once properly aligned, would always point to the south. None of his writings has survived.

  • South-West National Park (national park, Tasmania, Australia)

    Southwest National Park, national park in southwestern Tasmania, Australia, covering more than 2,350 square miles (6,080 square km). Together with the adjacent Franklin-Gordon Wild Rivers National Park (established in 1981), Southwest forms the core of the Tasmanian Wilderness, a World Heritage

  • Southall (district, London, United Kingdom)

    bhangra: …South Asian identity, particularly in Southall, the predominantly South Asian suburb of London’s West End. In 1979 a Southall group called Alaap released Teri Chunni De Sitare, a forward-looking album that combined the ornamented vocal melodies and metric framework of bhangra with the rhythmic drive and synthesized orchestral interjections of…

  • Southall, Ivan (Australian author)

    Australian literature: Literature from 1940 to 1970: …1960s both Patricia Wrightson and Ivan Southall had won major awards for their work. Wrightson’s novels of the 1960s and ’70s were particularly interesting in their use of Aboriginal figures and motifs, as in Behind the Wind (1981). In 1986 she was awarded the international Hans Christian Andersen Award for…

  • Southam of Southam, Edward Law, Viscount (British governor of India)

    Edward Law, earl of Ellenborough, British governor-general of India (1842–44), who also served four times as president of the Board of Control for India and was first lord of the British Admiralty. He was recalled from India for being out of control and later resigned another office under pressure.

  • Southampton (New York, United States)

    Southampton, village and town (township), Suffolk county, southeastern New York, U.S., lying along the south shore of eastern Long Island. Settlers from Lynn, Massachusetts, landed at Conscience Point in 1640, founding the first English community in New York. The original Shinnecock Indian land

  • Southampton (city and unitary authority, England, United Kingdom)

    Southampton, city and English Channel port, a unitary authority in the historic county of Hampshire, southern England. It lies near the head of Southampton Water, on a peninsula between the estuaries of the Rivers Test and Itchen. In 43 ce a Roman settlement, Clausentum, was located on the east

  • Southampton Island (island, Nunavut, Canada)

    Southampton Island, island in Keewatin region, Nunavut territory, Canada. It lies at the entrance to Hudson Bay and is separated from the mainland by Roes Welcome Sound. Roughly triangular, it is about 210 miles (340 km) long and 220 miles (355 km) wide and has an area of 15,913 square miles

  • Southampton, Barbara Villiers, Countess of (English noble)

    Barbara Villiers, Duchess of Cleveland, a favourite mistress of the English king Charles II; she bore several of his illegitimate children. According to the diarist Samuel Pepys, she was a woman of exceptional beauty, but others commented on her crude mannerisms. She was the daughter of William

  • Southampton, Charles Fitzroy, 1st Duke of (English noble)

    Charles Fitzroy, 1st duke of Southampton, the natural son of Charles II by Barbara Villiers, countess of Castlemaine. When his mother became duchess of Cleveland and countess of Southampton in 1670, he was allowed to assume the name of Fitzroy and the courtesy title of earl of Southampton. In 1675

  • Southampton, Charles Fitzroy, 1st Duke of, Duke of Cleveland, Earl of Southampton, Earl of Chichester, Baron Nonsuch of Nonsuch Park, Baron Newbury (English noble)

    Charles Fitzroy, 1st duke of Southampton, the natural son of Charles II by Barbara Villiers, countess of Castlemaine. When his mother became duchess of Cleveland and countess of Southampton in 1670, he was allowed to assume the name of Fitzroy and the courtesy title of earl of Southampton. In 1675

  • Southampton, Henry Wriothesley, 2nd Earl of (English noble)

    Henry Wriothesley, 2nd earl of Southampton, one of the Roman Catholic English nobles who conspired for the release of Mary, Queen of Scots. Henry Wriothesley was the third and only surviving son of the 1st Earl of Southampton and was born into great privilege (King Henry VIII himself was one of the

  • Southampton, Henry Wriothesley, 2nd Earl of, Baron Wriothesley of Titchfield (English noble)

    Henry Wriothesley, 2nd earl of Southampton, one of the Roman Catholic English nobles who conspired for the release of Mary, Queen of Scots. Henry Wriothesley was the third and only surviving son of the 1st Earl of Southampton and was born into great privilege (King Henry VIII himself was one of the

  • Southampton, Henry Wriothesley, 3rd earl of (English noble)

    Henry Wriothesley, 3rd earl of Southampton, English nobleman and William Shakespeare’s patron. Henry Wriothesley succeeded to his father’s earldom in 1581 and became a royal ward under the care of Lord Burghley. Educated at the University of Cambridge and at Gray’s Inn, London, he was 17 years old

  • Southampton, Thomas Wriothesley, 1st Earl of (English statesman)

    Thomas Wriothesley, 1st earl of Southampton, influential minister of state during the last years of the reign of King Henry VIII of England. The son of one herald, William Writh, or Wriothesley, and nephew and cousin to two others, Thomas Wriothesley was well-placed for a career in the royal

  • Southampton, Thomas Wriothesley, 1st Earl of, Baron Wriothesley of Titchfield (English statesman)

    Thomas Wriothesley, 1st earl of Southampton, influential minister of state during the last years of the reign of King Henry VIII of England. The son of one herald, William Writh, or Wriothesley, and nephew and cousin to two others, Thomas Wriothesley was well-placed for a career in the royal

  • Southampton, Thomas Wriothesley, 4th Earl of (English noble)

    Thomas Wriothesley, 4th earl of Southampton, major supporter of both Charles I and Charles II of England. The only surviving son of the 3rd Earl, Thomas attended St. John’s College, Cambridge. When the dispute began between Charles I and Parliament, he took the side of the latter, but soon the

  • Southampton, Thomas Wriothesley, 4th Earl of, Baron Wriothesley of Titchfield (English noble)

    Thomas Wriothesley, 4th earl of Southampton, major supporter of both Charles I and Charles II of England. The only surviving son of the 3rd Earl, Thomas attended St. John’s College, Cambridge. When the dispute began between Charles I and Parliament, he took the side of the latter, but soon the

  • Southampton, William Fitzwilliam, Earl of (English admiral)

    William Fitzwilliam, earl of Southampton, English admiral during the reign of Henry VIII. A son of Sir William Fitzwilliam of Aldwarke, near Rotherham, Fitzwilliam was a companion in boyhood of Henry VIII and was knighted for his services at the siege of Tournai in 1513. Later he was treasurer of

  • Southdown (breed of sheep)

    Southdown, breed of medium-wool, dark-faced, hornless sheep originating in the Sussex hills of England. The oldest of all British breeds of sheep, it has an ideal body conformation for meat production. Its fleece is close and is the finest of the British breeds; but, though white and of good

  • Southeast (section, Washington, District of Columbia, United States)

    Washington, D.C.: Southeast: The Southeast quadrant of Washington is dominated by Capitol Hill. The Anacostia neighbourhood is also located in this section of the city.

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