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  • Southeast American Indian (people)

    Southeast Indian, member of any of the Native American peoples of the southeastern United States. The boundaries of this culture area are somewhat difficult to delineate, because the traditional cultures in the Southeast shared many characteristics with those from neighbouring regions. Thus, most

  • Southeast Asia

    Southeast Asia, vast region of Asia situated east of the Indian subcontinent and south of China. It consists of two dissimilar portions: a continental projection (commonly called mainland Southeast Asia) and a string of archipelagoes to the south and east of the mainland (insular Southeast Asia).

  • Southeast Asia Treaty Organization

    Southeast Asia Treaty Organization (SEATO), regional-defense organization from 1955 to 1977, created by the Southeast Asia Collective Defence Treaty, signed at Manila on September 8, 1954, by representatives of Australia, France, New Zealand, Pakistan, the Philippines, Thailand, the United Kingdom,

  • Southeast Asian architecture

    Southeast Asian architecture, buildings of Myanmar (Burma), Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia, and the Philippines. Most of Southeast Asia’s great temples were built by the 13th century. The Indian royal temple, which dominated Southeast Asian culture, typically

  • Southeast Asian arts

    Southeast Asian arts, the literary, performing, and visual arts of Southeast Asia. Although the cultural development of the area was once dominated by Indian influence, a number of cohesive traits predate the Indian influence. Wet-rice (or padi) agriculture, metallurgy, navigation, ancestor cults,

  • Southeast Asian hawk-owl (bird)

    owl: Ecology: The Southeast Asian hawk owl (Ninox scutulata) sallies from a perch to take flying insects. The whiskered owl (Otus trichopsis) takes flying insects in foliage. Fish owls (Ketupa and Scotopelia) are adapted for taking live fish but also eat other animals. Specialized forms of feeding behaviour…

  • Southeast Asian music

    Southeast Asian arts: Music: A general musical division exists between the urban and rural areas of Southeast Asia. Urban centres comprise the islands of Java and Bali and places in

  • Southeast Asian Nations Regional Forum Senior Officials Meeting, Association of (Asian meeting)

    ASEAN Regional Forum: …organization is supported by the ARF Senior Officials Meeting (ARFSOM), which is held each May. The ARFSOM meeting is attended by senior foreign ministry officials from all ARF countries; leading defense department officials also attend. The meetings provide an exchange of views on regional political and security issues and developments.

  • Southeast Asian Nations Regional Forum, Association of (Asian organization)

    ASEAN Regional Forum (ARF), the first regionwide Asia-Pacific multilateral forum for official consultations on peace and security issues. An outgrowth of the annual ministerial-level meeting of members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) and the states serving as ASEAN’s “dialogue

  • Southeast Asian Nations, Association of (international organization)

    ASEAN, international organization established by the governments of Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, and Thailand in 1967 to accelerate economic growth, social progress, and cultural development and to promote peace and security in Southeast Asia. Brunei joined in 1984, followed by

  • Southeast Botanical Garden (garden, Okinawa, Japan)

    Okinawa: Okinawa city has the Southeast Botanical Garden displaying tropical plants, an aquarium, an amusement park, a zoo, and the Moromi Folkcraft Museum. Pop. (2005) 126,400; (2010) 130,249.

  • Southeast Council Against the Road (American organization)

    Barbara Mikulski: …1971 Mikulski helped found the Southeast Council Against the Road (SCAR) in opposition to a plan to build a highway through a Baltimore neighbourhood; SCAR ultimately prevailed. The council evolved into the Southeast Community Organization, which went on to advocate for additional local causes. She was elected to the Baltimore…

  • Southeast Culture Area (anthropology)

    Native American: The Southeast: This region reaches from the southern edge of the Northeast culture area to the Gulf of Mexico; from east to west it stretches from the Atlantic Ocean to somewhat west of the Mississippi valley. The climate is warm temperate in the north and grades…

  • Southeast Indian (people)

    Southeast Indian, member of any of the Native American peoples of the southeastern United States. The boundaries of this culture area are somewhat difficult to delineate, because the traditional cultures in the Southeast shared many characteristics with those from neighbouring regions. Thus, most

  • Southeast Indian Ridge (oceanic ridge, Indian Ocean)

    oceanic ridge: Indian Ocean: The Southeast Indian Ridge spreads at intermediate rates. This ridge continues from the western Indian Ocean in a southeasterly direction, bisecting the ocean between Australia and Antarctica. Rifted crests and rugged mountainous flanks are characteristic of the Southwest Indian Ridge. The Mid-Indian Ridge has fewer features…

  • Southeast Missouri Normal School (university, Cape Girardeau, Missouri, United States)

    Southeast Missouri State University, public, coeducational institution of higher learning in Cape Girardeau, Missouri, U.S. About 12 undergraduate degrees are offered in about 150 fields of study through the Donald L. Harrison College of Business, the Polytechnic Institute, and the colleges of

  • Southeast Missouri State Teachers’ College (university, Cape Girardeau, Missouri, United States)

    Southeast Missouri State University, public, coeducational institution of higher learning in Cape Girardeau, Missouri, U.S. About 12 undergraduate degrees are offered in about 150 fields of study through the Donald L. Harrison College of Business, the Polytechnic Institute, and the colleges of

  • Southeast Missouri State University (university, Cape Girardeau, Missouri, United States)

    Southeast Missouri State University, public, coeducational institution of higher learning in Cape Girardeau, Missouri, U.S. About 12 undergraduate degrees are offered in about 150 fields of study through the Donald L. Harrison College of Business, the Polytechnic Institute, and the colleges of

  • Southeast Mountains (mountains, China)

    China: The southeastern mountains: Southeastern China is bordered by a rocky shoreline backed by picturesque mountains. In general, there is a distinct structural and topographic trend from northeast to southwest. The higher peaks may reach elevations of some 5,000 to 6,500 feet (1,500 to 2,000 metres). The…

  • Southeast Pacific Basin (basin, Pacific Ocean)

    Pacific Ocean: Principal ridges and basins: …y Gómez Ridge from the Southeast Pacific Basin, which in turn is separated from the Southwest Pacific Basin by the East Pacific Rise and indeterminate Pacific-Antarctic Ridge, which runs from the Sala y Gómez Ridge to Antarctica in the vicinity of 150° W.

  • Southeast Plain (plain, South Australia, Australia)

    South Australia: Relief: …the Murray Plain and the Southeast Plain, developed on lime-rich deposits from early Cenozoic time (roughly 50 million years ago). The Murray Plain is characterized by west-east-trending stabilized sand dunes. In the wetter Southeast Plain there are parallel limestone ridges with flats, formerly inundated in winter but now drained for…

  • Southeast Sulawesi (province, Indonesia)

    Southeast Sulawesi, propinsi (or provinsi; province), southeastern arm of the island of Celebes (Sulawesi), Indonesia. It is bounded by the provinces of South Sulawesi (Sulawesi Selatan) to the northwest and Central Sulawesi (Sulawesi Tengah) to the northeast, as well as by the Banda Sea to the

  • Southeast Svalbard Nature Reservation (reserve, Norway)

    Southeast Svalbard Nature Reservation, nature reserve established in 1973 by Norway. One of several protected areas in the Svalbard archipelago, it is bordered on the east by Olga Strait and on the west by Stor Fjord. With an area of 2,463 square miles (6,380 square km), the reserve encompasses the

  • Southeast the Peacock Flies (Chinese folk ballad)

    Chinese literature: Poetry: …ballad of this period is Kongque dongnanfei (“Southeast the Peacock Flies”). The longest poem of early Chinese literature (353 lines), it relates the tragedy of a young married couple who committed suicide as the result of the cruelty of the husband’s mother. The ballad was probably first sung shortly after…

  • Southeast trade (meteorology)

    Madagascar: Climate: …combined effects of the moisture-bearing southeast trade and northwest monsoon winds as they blow across the central plateau. The trade winds, which blow throughout the year, are strongest from May to October. The east coast is to the windward and has a high annual rate of precipitation, reaching nearly 150…

  • southeast trade wind (meteorology)

    Madagascar: Climate: …combined effects of the moisture-bearing southeast trade and northwest monsoon winds as they blow across the central plateau. The trade winds, which blow throughout the year, are strongest from May to October. The east coast is to the windward and has a high annual rate of precipitation, reaching nearly 150…

  • southeast trades (meteorology)

    Madagascar: Climate: …combined effects of the moisture-bearing southeast trade and northwest monsoon winds as they blow across the central plateau. The trade winds, which blow throughout the year, are strongest from May to October. The east coast is to the windward and has a high annual rate of precipitation, reaching nearly 150…

  • southeast tradewind (meteorology)

    Madagascar: Climate: …combined effects of the moisture-bearing southeast trade and northwest monsoon winds as they blow across the central plateau. The trade winds, which blow throughout the year, are strongest from May to October. The east coast is to the windward and has a high annual rate of precipitation, reaching nearly 150…

  • Southeastern Asian art

    Southeast Asian arts, the literary, performing, and visual arts of Southeast Asia. Although the cultural development of the area was once dominated by Indian influence, a number of cohesive traits predate the Indian influence. Wet-rice (or padi) agriculture, metallurgy, navigation, ancestor cults,

  • Southeastern Carpathians (mountain range, Europe)

    Carpathian Mountains: Physiography: The Southeastern Carpathians are formed by a triangular block of mountains surrounding a basin. The three mountain formations concerned differ in origin and structure. The Eastern Carpathians, running in a northwest–southeast direction, include the flysch band, which represents the continuation of the Outer Western Carpathians, and…

  • Southeastern Community College v. Davis (law case)

    Alexander v. Choate: Citing Southeastern Community College v. Davis (1979), “our major previous attempt to define the scope of [Section] 504,” the court acknowledged that, to avoid disparate-impact discrimination, a federal grantee must make “reasonable accommodations” in its program or benefit to “otherwise qualified handicapped individuals” in order to…

  • Southeastern Conference (American sports organization)

    Southeastern Conference (SEC), American collegiate athletic association that grew out of the Southern Conference. Members are the University of Alabama, the University of Arkansas (Fayetteville), Auburn University, the University of Florida, the University of Georgia, the University of Kentucky,

  • southeastern four-eyed opossum (marsupial)

    four-eyed opossum: The southeastern four-eyed opossum (P. frenatus) is known from southeastern Brazil south to Paraguay and Argentina. Olrog’s four-eyed opossum (P. olrogi) occurs in Peru and Bolivia.

  • southeastern four-eyed possum (marsupial)

    four-eyed opossum: The southeastern four-eyed opossum (P. frenatus) is known from southeastern Brazil south to Paraguay and Argentina. Olrog’s four-eyed opossum (P. olrogi) occurs in Peru and Bolivia.

  • southeastern Karakum (desert, Turkmenistan)

    Karakum Desert: Physiography: …low-lying Central Karakum; and the southeastern Karakum, through which runs a chain of salt marshes. Along the border of the Trans-Unguz and Central Karakum runs the Unguz chain of saline, isolated, eolian (wind-formed) hollows.

  • Southeastern Massachusetts University (university, Dartmouth, Massachusetts, United States)

    University of Massachusetts: …Dartmouth campus, previously known as Southeastern Massachusetts University, was also founded as two separate institutions—both textile schools—in 1895. Both the Lowell and the Dartmouth campuses were incorporated into the University of Massachusetts system in 1991.

  • Southeastern Turkic languages

    history of Central Asia: Timur: …the arts, and architecture, with Chagatai Turkish, a dialect derived partly from Khakani, the language spoken at the Karakhanid court (and a precursor of modern Uzbek), emerging as a flexible vehicle for sophisticated literary expression. These Timurid epigones, however, were locked in unceasing rivalry with each other and were unable…

  • Southeastern Yiddish language (language)

    West Germanic languages: Dialects: …consisting of Central Yiddish and Southeastern Yiddish. The phonological criteria on which this division is based are typically reflected in the variants of the phrase ‘to buy meat’: Western Yiddish kāfn flā?, Central Yiddish kojfn flaj?, Southeastern Yiddish kojfn flej?, Northeastern Yiddish kejfn flej?. Other phonological and many lexical differences…

  • Southend-on-Sea (England, United Kingdom)

    Southend-on-Sea, town and unitary authority, southeastern geographic and historic county of Essex, England. It lies on the Thames estuary and the North Sea. The nearest major seaside resort to London, 40 miles (64 km) away, Southend attracts millions of visitors, and there are many resident

  • Souther, J. D. (American musician)

    Poco: …Byrd Chris Hillman and songwriter J.D. Souther, and in 1977 Schmit replaced Meisner in the Eagles. Poco had only modest commercial success throughout its career. Legend (1978) was its top-selling album. A reunion of the original quintet in 1989 yielded the highly regarded Legacy. Various lineups of Poco, in which…

  • Souther-Hillman-Furay Band (American musical group)

    Poco: …Furay joined in a short-lived collaboration with former Byrd Chris Hillman and songwriter J.D. Souther, and in 1977 Schmit replaced Meisner in the Eagles. Poco had only modest commercial success throughout its career. Legend (1978) was its top-selling album. A reunion of the original quintet in 1989 yielded the highly…

  • Southerly Buster (wind)

    Sydney: Climate: …known locally as the “Southerly Buster.” In winter (June–August), however, the westerly wind is cool.

  • Southern 500 (race)

    Darlington: …March and the Mountain Dew Southern 500 in September, on Labor Day. A stock-car museum was opened in 1965. Inc. town, 1835; city, 1950. Pop. (2000) 6,720; (2010) 6,289.

  • Southern Africa

    Southern Africa, southernmost region of the African continent, comprising the countries of Angola, Botswana, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. The island nation of Madagascar is excluded because of its distinct language and cultural heritage. The

  • Southern Africa, Anglican Church of (South African Anglican denomination)

    Anglican Church of Southern Africa, independent church that is part of the Anglican Communion. It developed from the work of British clergy among the British soldiers and settlers in the Cape of Good Hope in the late 18th and 19th centuries. The bishop of Calcutta, India, was at first responsible

  • Southern Africa, Church of the Province of (South African Anglican denomination)

    Anglican Church of Southern Africa, independent church that is part of the Anglican Communion. It developed from the work of British clergy among the British soldiers and settlers in the Cape of Good Hope in the late 18th and 19th centuries. The bishop of Calcutta, India, was at first responsible

  • Southern African Customs Union (African organization)

    Botswana: Trade: …and Namibia, belongs to the Southern African Customs Union (SACU), which allows for the free exchange of goods between member countries. Botswana is also a member of the Southern African Development Community (SADC), a regional organization focused on economic cooperation and integration.

  • Southern African Development Community (African organization)

    Southern African Development Community (SADC), regional organization of southern African countries that works to promote economic cooperation and integration among the member states and to preserve their economic independence. The member states are Angola, Botswana, Comoros, Eswatini, Democratic

  • Southern African Development Coordination Conference (African organization)

    Southern African Development Community (SADC), regional organization of southern African countries that works to promote economic cooperation and integration among the member states and to preserve their economic independence. The member states are Angola, Botswana, Comoros, Eswatini, Democratic

  • Southern African Large Telescope (telescope, South Africa)

    Southern African Large Telescope (SALT), largest telescope in the Southern Hemisphere, with a mirror measuring 11.1 by 9.8 metres (36.4 by 32.2 feet). It is located at the South African Astronomical Observatory near Sutherland, South Africa, at an elevation of 1,798 metres (5,899 feet). SALT is

  • Southern African Monetary Union (African organization)

    Eswatini: Finance and trade: …also a member of the southern African monetary union (with Lesotho and South Africa), which seeks to ensure that currencies are on par and funds move freely between the member countries.

  • Southern Alichur Range (mountain range, Asia)

    Pamirs: Physiography: Still farther south are the Southern Alichur Range and, to the west of the latter, the Shugnan Range. The extreme southwestern Pamirs are occupied by the Shakhdarin Range, composed of north-south (Ishkashim Range) and east-west elements, rising to Mayakovsky Peak (19,996 feet [6,095 metres]) and Karl Marx (Karla Marksa) Peak

  • Southern Alps (mountains, New Zealand)

    Southern Alps, mountain range on South Island, New Zealand. It is the highest range in Australasia. Making up the loftiest portion of the mountains that extend the length of the island, the Alps extend from Haast Pass, at the head of Wanaka Lake, northeastward to Arthur’s Pass. They vary in

  • southern anaconda (snake)

    anaconda: The yellow, or southern, anaconda (E. notaeus) is much smaller and has pairs of overlapping spots.

  • Southern Andes (mountains, South America)

    Andes Mountains: Physical features: …to north these are the Southern Andes, consisting of the Chilean, Fuegian, and Patagonian cordilleras; the Central Andes, including the Peruvian cordilleras; and the Northern Andes, encompassing the Ecuadorian, Colombian, and Venezuelan (or Caribbean) cordilleras.

  • Southern Anthracite Belt (geological formation, Pennsylvania, United States)

    Carboniferous Period: Pennsylvanian cyclothems, tillites, and turbidites: …Mammoth coal bed of the Anthracite Belt in eastern Pennsylvanian has an average thickness of 10–12 metres (35–40 feet) throughout its extent. The Pittsburgh seam in western Pennsylvania averages 4 metres (13 feet) thick and is reported workable over 15,540 square km (6,000 square miles). More than 60 coal seams…

  • Southern Anthracite Field (geological formation, Pennsylvania, United States)

    Carboniferous Period: Pennsylvanian cyclothems, tillites, and turbidites: …Mammoth coal bed of the Anthracite Belt in eastern Pennsylvanian has an average thickness of 10–12 metres (35–40 feet) throughout its extent. The Pittsburgh seam in western Pennsylvania averages 4 metres (13 feet) thick and is reported workable over 15,540 square km (6,000 square miles). More than 60 coal seams…

  • Southern Antilles (submarine formation, Atlantic Ocean)

    Scotia Arc: …system consisting of the submarine Scotia Ridge, mountainous south Atlantic islands (clockwise from the north, the South Georgia, South Sandwich, and South Orkney islands), and the Antarctic Peninsula. This arc trends northward along the Antarctic Peninsula, then swings eastward to form a hairpin curve that returns to connect with Tierra…

  • Southern Arkansas University (university, Magnolia, Arkansas, United States)

    Magnolia: Magnolia is the home of Southern Arkansas University (founded as an agricultural school in 1909). To the north is Logoly State Park, and Lafayette Wildlife Management Area is about 25 miles (40 km) southwest. Inc. town, 1855; city, 1949. Pop. (2000) 10,858; (2010) 11,577.

  • Southern Aslian languages

    Semelaic languages, (from Malay orang asli, “aborigines”), subbranch of the Aslian branch of the Mon-Khmer language family, which is itself a part of the Austroasiatic stock. The subbranch consists of three languages spoken in southern and central Malaysia: Betise’ (previously known as Mah Meri, o

  • Southern Associated Press (American news agency)

    Adolph Simon Ochs: …was a founder of the Southern Associated Press and was its chairman from 1891 to 1894; from 1900 until his death he was a director of the Associated Press.

  • southern Australian bottlenose dolphin (mammal)

    bottlenose dolphin: The southern Australian bottlenose dolphin (T. australis), or Burrunan dolphin, which frequents the waters off Australia’s southern and southeastern shores, has the smallest geographic range.

  • Southern Bantoid languages

    Benue-Congo languages: Bantoid: Southern Bantoid comprises 11 subgroups, of which Bantu is the largest. The 10 other subgroups consist of more than 100 languages spoken in eastern Nigeria and Cameroon. This is an area of great linguistic fragmentation with scores of languages spoken in a comparatively small area.…

  • Southern Baptist Convention (American religious organization)

    Southern Baptist Convention, largest Baptist group in the United States, organized at Augusta, Georgia, in 1845 by Southern Baptists who disagreed with the antislavery attitudes and activities of Northern Baptists. By the late 20th century, however, it had repudiated its history of support for

  • Southern Baptist Seminary (school, Louisville, Kentucky, United States)

    Furman University: …in 1858 and became the Southern Baptist Seminary (located in Louisville, Kentucky, since 1877). The university operated a law school in the 1920s. The Woman’s College, which had been coordinated with the university since 1933, was closed in 1961 when Furman adopted a coeducational policy.

  • southern blue monkshood (plant)

    monkshood: Major species: carmichaelii), and southern blue monkshood (A. uncinatum). All species contain the powerful poison aconitine. The common monkshood, or friar’s cap (A. napellus), native to mountain slopes in Europe and east to the Himalayas, has been the most important source of this drug, which in ancient times was…

  • southern bluefin tuna (fish)

    tuna: albacares), southern bluefin tuna (T. thynnus maccoyii), bigeye tuna (T. obesus), blackfin tuna (T. atlanticus), and longtail tuna (T. tonggol). These different species range from moderate to very large in size. The giant of the group is the northern bluefin tuna, which grows to a maximum…

  • southern bottlenose whale (mammal)

    bottlenose whale: The maxillary crests of the southern bottlenose whale (H. planifrons) are more modestly developed.

  • Southern Buh (river, Ukraine)

    Southern Buh, river, southwestern and south-central Ukraine. The Southern Buh is 492 miles (792 km) long and drains a basin of 24,610 square miles (63,740 square km). It rises in the Volyn-Podilsk Upland and flows east and southeast, first through a narrow valley with rapids and then across rolling

  • southern bush honeysuckle (plant)

    bush honeysuckle: The southern bush honeysuckle (D. sessilifolia) has stalkless leaves and angled branches.

  • Southern California Edison Company (American comapny)
  • Southern California Institute of Architecture (educational institution, Los Angeles, California, United States)

    Ray Kappe: …in 1972 to inaugurate the Southern California Institute of Architecture. He won numerous awards for his designs, including the Richard Neutra International Medal for Design Excellence and the California Council/AIA Bernard Maybeck Award for Design. The house he designed for his family in the Pacific Palisades section of Los Angeles,…

  • Southern California Selene Group (American engineering group)

    Harold Rosen: In 2007 he founded the Southern California Selene Group, one of the teams competing for the Google Lunar X Prize to build the first private lunar rover, but the team withdrew in 2008.

  • Southern California, University of (university, Los Angeles, California, United States)

    University of Southern California, private coeducational institution of higher education in Los Angeles, California, U.S. It comprises the College of Letters, Arts, and Sciences, the Graduate School, and 19 professional schools. The university offers undergraduate degrees in about 75 fields and

  • southern cane (plant, Arundinaria species)

    Arundinaria: Giant cane, also known as river cane and canebrake bamboo (Arundinaria gigantea), was once widely utilized as a forage plant in the southeastern United States, from eastern Texas and Oklahoma to the Atlantic coast and north to the Ohio River valley. It produces green leaves…

  • Southern Carpathians (mountains, Romania)

    Transylvanian Alps, mountainous region of south-central Romania. It consists of that section of the Carpathian Mountain arc from the Prahova River valley (east) to the gap in which flow the Timi? and Cerna rivers. Average elevation in the Transylvanian Alps is 4,920–5,740 feet (1,500–1,750 metres).

  • southern cassowary (bird)

    cassowary: The common, or southern, cassowary, Casuarius casuarius, which inhabits New Guinea, nearby islands, and Australia, is the largest—almost 1.5 metres (5 feet) tall—and has two long red wattles on the throat. The dwarf cassowary (C. bennetti) is native to higher elevations of New Guinea and can…

  • southern catalpa (tree)
  • Southern Caucasia (region, Eurasia)

    Transcaucasia, a small but densely populated region to the south of the Caucasus Mountains. It includes three independent states: Georgia in the northwest, Azerbaijan in the east, and Armenia, situated largely on a high mountainous plateau south of Georgia and west of Azerbaijan. Together these

  • southern cave fish (fish species)

    cave fish: There are three species: Typhlichthys subterraneus, Amblyopsis rosae, and A. spelaea. The first two lack pelvic fins; the third, the blind fish of Mammoth Cave, Kentucky, possesses these fins. All have small but nonfunctional eyes and tactile organs that are sensitive to touch; these are arranged over the body,…

  • Southern Choco (people)

    Chocó: …of Colombia’s Pacific coast; the Southern Chocó are concentrated around the Río San José; and the Catio inhabit the eastern portions of the Atrato valley.

  • Southern Christian Leadership Conference (American organization)

    Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC), nonsectarian American agency with headquarters in Atlanta, Georgia, established by the Reverend Martin Luther King, Jr., and his followers in 1957 to coordinate and assist local organizations working for the full equality of African Americans in all

  • Southern colonial style (architecture)

    Western architecture: Colonial architecture in North America: (5) The Southern colonial flourished in Maryland, Virginia, and the Carolinas. Story-and-a-half brick houses, sometimes with large projecting end chimneys and decorative brick masonry, prevailed. (6) The French colonial, stemming from medieval French sources, evolved in Canada in the Maritime Provinces and the St. Lawrence Valley. The…

  • Southern Common Market (South American economic organization)

    Mercosur, South American regional economic organization. Mercosur grew out of earlier efforts to integrate the economies of Latin America through the Latin American Free Trade Association (1960) and its successor, the Latin American Integration Association (1980). In 1985 Argentina and Brazil

  • southern concolor gibbon (primate)

    gibbon: leucogenys) and southern concolor (N. siki) gibbons are found farther south, and the red-cheeked gibbon (N. gabriellae) lives in southern Vietnam and eastern Cambodia.

  • Southern Conference (sports organization)

    Atlantic Coast Conference: …as an offshoot of the Southern Conference. Member schools are Boston College (joined 2005), Clemson University, Duke University, Florida State University (joined 1990), the Georgia Institute of Technology

  • Southern Connecticut State University (university, New Haven, Connecticut, United States)

    Southern Connecticut State University, public, coeducational institution of higher education in New Haven, Conn., U.S. It is one of four institutions in the Connecticut State University system; the others are located in New Britain (Central Connecticut State), Willimantic (Eastern Connecticut

  • southern coquina clam (mollusk)

    clam: The southern coquina (Donax variabilis), 1 to 2.5 cm long and pink, yellow, blue, white, or mauve, occurs on sandy beaches from Virginia to the Gulf of Mexico. The northern coquina (D. fossor), 6 to 12 mm long, is yellowish white with bluish rays and inhabits shallow waters…

  • southern corroboree frog (amphibian)

    Australia: Conservation: …National Recovery Plan for the southern and northern corroboree frogs. (The northern corroboree frog [Pseudophryne pengilleyi] is found mostly in the Bimberi and Brindabella Ranges of New South Wales, and the southern corroboree [P. corroboree] lives only in the Jagungal Wilderness Area of Kosciuszko National Park in New South Wales.)…

  • Southern Court (Japanese history)

    Japan: The Kemmu Restoration and the dual dynasties: …power was divided between the Southern Court in Yoshino and the Northern Court in Kyōto. It remained for Takauji’s grandson Yoshimitsu to establish peace (1392) between the two courts; thereafter, imperial succession remained with the descendants of the Northern Court. Throughout the long dispute, however, local warriors attached themselves to…

  • southern crab (tree)

    crabapple: ioensis); and southern crabapple (M. angustifolia).

  • southern cranberry (plant)

    cranberry: The southern cranberry, or red huckleberry (V. erythrocarpum), is found in mountainous areas from West Virginia to Georgia; its large berries are dark red in colour and of exceptionally fine flavour. The fruit of the cranberry tree (see Viburnum) is sometimes substituted for true cranberries in…

  • Southern Cross, The (collection of poems by Wright)

    Charles Wright: The Southern Cross (1981) features long poems of broad scope gathered in fragments, like a daily journal. Despite their autobiographical quality, the poems are not solely expressions of the poet’s inner life. Five poems entitled “Self Portrait” typify Wright’s reticence and affirm the indeterminacy of…

  • Southern Cross, The (constellation)

    Crux, (Latin: Cross) constellation lying in the southern sky at about 12 hours 30 minutes right ascension and 60° south declination and visible only from south of about latitude 30° N (i.e., the latitude of North Africa and Florida). It appears on the flags of Australia, Brazil, New Zealand, Papua

  • Southern Development Fund (Italian government program)

    Italy: Public and private sectors: The Southern Development Fund (Cassa per il Mezzogiorno), a state-financed fund set up to stimulate economic and industrial development between 1950 and 1984, met with limited success. It supported early land reform—including land reclamation, irrigation work, infrastructure building, and provision of electricity and water to rural…

  • southern drama (Chinese drama)

    Nanxi, (Chinese: “southern drama”) one of the first fully developed forms of Chinese drama. Nanxi emerged in the area around Wenzhou in southern China during the Song dynasty (960–1279). Originally the creation of folk authors, the earliest nanxi combined Song plays with local folk songs and

  • Southern Dynasties (Chinese history)

    Southern Dynasties, (ad 420–589), four succeeding short-lived dynasties based at Jiankang (now Nanjing), which ruled over a large part of China south of the Yangtze River (Chang Jiang) during much of the Six Dynasties period. The four dynasties were the Liu-Song (420–479), the Nan (Southern) Qi

  • southern elephant seal (mammal)

    Antarctica: Sea life: …Antarctic zone, and another, the southern elephant seal, breeds near the Convergence at South Georgia, Kerguelen, and Macquarie islands. The sea lion, an otariid, is plentiful in the Falkland Islands but probably never ventures into the cold Antarctic waters. The fur seal and the elephant seal are now regenerating after…

  • southern emu-wren (bird)

    emu-wren: The most widespread species, the southern emu-wren (S. malachurus), is streaked brown, with pale-blue throat in the male. Emu-wrens are shy inhabitants of wet and dry scrublands.

  • Southern Fish (constellation)

    Piscis Austrinus, (Latin: “Southern Fish”) constellation in the southern sky at about 22 hours right ascension and 30° south in declination. Its brightest star is Fomalhaut (from the Arabic for “the fish’s mouth”), the 17th brightest star in the sky, with a magnitude of 1.16. The connection of this

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