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  • sphota (philosophy)

    Indian philosophy: The linguistic philosophies: Bhartrihari and Mandana-Mishra: …also uses the doctrine of sphota (“that from which the meaning bursts forth”). Most Indian philosophical schools were concerned with the problem of what precisely is the bearer of the meaning of a word or a sentence. If the letters are evanescent and if, as one hears the sounds produced…

  • Sphrantes, George (Byzantine historian)

    George Sphrantzes, Byzantine historian and diplomat who wrote a chronicle covering the years 1413–77. Sphrantzes rose to high office in the service of Manuel II and the later Palaeologan rulers, both in Constantinople and in the Peloponnese. In 1451 he was great logothete (chancellor) in

  • Sphrantzes, George (Byzantine historian)

    George Sphrantzes, Byzantine historian and diplomat who wrote a chronicle covering the years 1413–77. Sphrantzes rose to high office in the service of Manuel II and the later Palaeologan rulers, both in Constantinople and in the Peloponnese. In 1451 he was great logothete (chancellor) in

  • sphygmograph (medical instrument)

    étienne-Jules Marey: …French physiologist who invented the sphygmograph, an instrument for recording graphically the features of the pulse and variations in blood pressure. His basic instrument, with modifications, is still used today.

  • sphygmomanometer (instrument)

    Sphygmomanometer, instrument for measuring blood pressure. It consists of an inflatable rubber cuff, which is wrapped around the upper arm and is connected to an apparatus that records pressure, usually in terms of the height of a column of mercury or on a dial (an aneroid manometer). An arterial

  • sphynx cat (breed of cat)

    Sphynx cat, Breed of hairless domestic cat, founded on two spontaneous mutations in shorthaired cats. The first occurred in 1975 when Jezabelle, a stray, produced a hairless female kitten, Epidermis, followed by another the next year. The second occurred in 1978, when a male and two female hairless

  • Sphyraena barracuda (fish)

    perciform: Danger to human life: …have been attacked by the barracuda (Sphyraena), which is a voracious fish reaching nearly 2 metres (6 feet) in length. Perciforms possessing venom glands are also considered dangerous fishes. The dorsal spine of the weever fishes (Trachinidae) has a grooved structure containing a venom gland; in addition, there is also…

  • Sphyraenidae (fish)

    Barracuda, any of about 20 species of predacious fishes of the family Sphyraenidae (order Perciformes). Barracudas are found in all warm and tropical regions; some also range into more temperate areas. Swift and powerful, they are slender in form, with small scales, two well-separated dorsal fins,

  • Sphyrapicus (bird)

    Sapsucker, either of two species of North American woodpeckers of the family Picidae (order Piciformes), noted for drilling holes in neat close rows through the bark of trees to obtain sap and insects. They also catch insects in midair. The yellow-bellied sapsucker (Sphyrapicus varius), about 20

  • Sphyrapicus thyroideus (bird)

    sapsucker: The other species, Williamson’s sapsucker (S. thyroideus), is found in high pine forests of the western United States but is uncommon throughout its range.

  • Sphyrapicus varius (bird)

    sapsucker: The yellow-bellied sapsucker (Sphyrapicus varius), about 20 cm (8 inches) long, breeds in northern regions (south in mountains) and migrates as far as the West Indies and Central America; red-breasted and red-naped races occur west of the Rocky Mountains. Both sexes of varius have bold head-markings.…

  • Sphyrna corona (fish)
  • Sphyrna lewini (shark)
  • Sphyrna mokarran (shark)

    hammerhead shark: …(35 inches) long, whereas the great hammerhead (S. mokarran) grows to over 6.1 metres (20 feet) in length. Although they are considered one of the most recently evolved groups of sharks, sphyrnids are known to date back in the fossil record to at least the early Miocene Epoch (about 23…

  • Sphyrna tiburo (fish)
  • Sphyrna zygaena (shark)
  • Sphyrnidae (fish)

    Hammerhead shark, (family Sphyrnidae), any of 10 shark species belonging to the genera Sphyrna (9 species) and Eusphyrna (1 species), which are characterized by a flattened hammer- or shovel-shaped head, or cephalofoil. Hammerhead sharks, or sphyrnids, are perhaps the most distinctive and unique of

  • Spica (star)

    Spica, (Latin: “Head of Grain”) brightest star in the zodiacal constellation Virgo and one of the 15 brightest in the entire sky, having an apparent visual magnitude of 1.04. It is a bluish star; spectroscopic examination reveals Spica to be a binary with a four-day period, its two components being

  • ?pi?ák (mountain, Europe)

    Ore Mountains: …at the northeastern end and ?pi?ák (3,658 feet [1,115 metres]) at the southwestern end. The name of this range rightly suggests the tradition of mineral wealth, worked by generations of small groups of craftsmen (gold and silver, lead and copper, tungsten [wolfram], and pitchblende).

  • SPICE (computer program)

    integrated circuit: Analog design: …California, Berkeley, during the 1970s, SPICE (Simulation Program with Integrated Circuit Emphasis), and various proprietary models designed for use with it are ubiquitous in engineering courses and in industry for analog circuit design. SPICE has equations for transistors, capacitors, resistors, and other components, as well as for lengths of wires…

  • spice (food)

    Spice and herb, parts of various plants cultivated for their aromatic, pungent, or otherwise desirable substances. Spices and herbs consist of rhizomes, bulbs, barks, flower buds, stigmas, fruits, seeds, and leaves. They are commonly divided into the categories of spices, spice seeds, and herbs.

  • spice finch (bird)

    mannikin: …in southern Asia are the nutmeg mannikin (L. punctulata), also called spice finch or spotted munia, and the striated mannikin (L. striata), also called white-backed munia. The former is established in Hawaii, where it is called ricebird. A domestic strain of the latter is called Bengal finch.

  • Spice Girls (British musical group)

    Spice Girls, British pop group whose infectious dance songs dominated the global charts in the late 1990s. They cultivated a playful sex appeal under the banner of “Girl Power” to create a feminist alternative to the boy bands of the day. The band’s members were Ginger Spice (byname of Geraldine

  • Spice Islands (islands, Southeast Asia)

    East Indies, the islands that extend in a wide belt along both sides of the Equator for more than 3,800 miles (6,100 km) between the Asian mainland to the north and west and Australia to the south. Historically, the term East Indies is loosely applied to any of three contexts. The most restrictive

  • Spice Islands (islands, Indonesia)

    Moluccas, Indonesian islands of the Malay Archipelago, lying between the islands of Celebes to the west and New Guinea to the east. The Philippines, the Philippine Sea, and the Pacific Ocean are to the north; the Arafura Sea and the island of Timor are to the south. The islands comprise the two

  • spice seed (food)

    Spice and herb, parts of various plants cultivated for their aromatic, pungent, or otherwise desirable substances. Spices and herbs consist of rhizomes, bulbs, barks, flower buds, stigmas, fruits, seeds, and leaves. They are commonly divided into the categories of spices, spice seeds, and herbs.

  • spice trade

    Spice trade, the cultivation, preparation, transport, and merchandising of spices and herbs, an enterprise of ancient origins and great cultural and economic significance. Seasonings such as cinnamon, cassia, cardamom, ginger, and turmeric were important items of commerce in the earliest evolution

  • Spice World: The Movie (film by Spiers [1997])

    Spice Girls: …second full-length album, Spiceworld, accompanied Spice World: The Movie in late 1997. While the film was greeted with a harsh critical reception, fans filled the theatres and made it a minor box-office success.

  • Spice, Isle of

    Grenada, island country of the West Indies. It is the southernmost island of the north-south arc of the Lesser Antilles, lying in the eastern Caribbean Sea about 100 miles (160 km) north of the coast of Venezuela. Oval in shape, the island is approximately 21 miles (34 km) long and 12 miles (19 km)

  • spice-bush moth (insect)

    saturniid moth: The promethea moth (Callosamia promethea)—also called spicebush moth because the larvae feed on spicebush, sassafras, lilac, and related plants is a common North American saturniid moth. The female moth is maroon in colour, and the male is dark brown. The cocoon, formed inside a leaf, is…

  • spicebush (plant)

    Spicebush, (Lindera benzoin), deciduous, dense shrub of the laurel family (Lauraceae), native to eastern North America. It occurs most often in damp woods and grows about 1.5–6 m (about 5–20 feet) tall. The alternate leaves are rather oblong, but wedge-shaped near the base, and 8–13 cm (3–5 inches)

  • spicebush moth (insect)

    saturniid moth: The promethea moth (Callosamia promethea)—also called spicebush moth because the larvae feed on spicebush, sassafras, lilac, and related plants is a common North American saturniid moth. The female moth is maroon in colour, and the male is dark brown. The cocoon, formed inside a leaf, is…

  • Spicer, Sean (American press secretary)

    White House press secretary: Press secretaries in the 21st century: … appointed as his press secretary Sean Spicer, who had served as communications director for the Republican National Committee. Spicer quickly became known for his combative interactions with the press. He also made numerous false and controversial statements.

  • Spiceworld (album by Spice Girls)

    Spice Girls: The group’s second full-length album, Spiceworld, accompanied Spice World: The Movie in late 1997. While the film was greeted with a harsh critical reception, fans filled the theatres and made it a minor box-office success.

  • spicule (zoology)

    mollusk: External features: …minute, spinelike, hard bodies (spicules), or both (aplacophoran level). The chitons (class Polyplacophora) develop a series of eight articulating plates or valves often surrounded by a girdle of cuticle with spicules; in all other mollusks, the mantle secretes an initially homogeneous shell. The mantle and shell are laterally compressed…

  • spicule (solar feature)

    Spicule, a jet of dense gas ejected from the Sun’s chromosphere. Spicules occur at the edges of the chromospheric network, where magnetic fields are stronger. They extend up to 10,000 km (6,000 miles) and, although they fall back to the Sun, are thought to contribute to the solar wind by feeding

  • Spiculogloeales (order of fungi)

    fungus: Annotated classification: Order Spiculogloeales Parasitic or saprotrophic; spinulose to granulose auricularoid basidia; include jelly fungi; example genera include Mycogloea and Spiculogloea. Class Microbotryomycetes Pathogenic in plants, some are mycoparasitic; includes some yeasts; contains 4 orders. Order

  • spider (arachnid)

    Spider, (order Araneida or Araneae), any of more than 46,700 species of arachnids that differ from insects in having eight legs rather than six and in having the body divided into two parts rather than three. The use of silk is highly developed among spiders. Spider behaviour and appearance are

  • spider (computer program)

    CAPTCHA: …programs, known as bots and spiders, from gaining access to Web sites. A CAPTCHA, which may consist of letters, numbers, or images, is distorted in some manner to prevent recognition by computers but not so distorted that a human with normal vision cannot identify the code and retype it.

  • Spider (American basketball player and coach)

    Jerry Sloan, American professional basketball player and coach who was one of the best defensive guards and hard-nosed rebounders in the history of the National Basketball Association (NBA) as a Chicago Bull and who became the first coach to win 1,000 games with a single team, the Utah Jazz. After

  • SPIDER (software system)

    Joachim Frank: …also devised a software system, SPIDER, that was able to perform this image analysis.

  • spider beetle (insect)

    Spider beetle, any member of about 500 species of insects sometimes considered a part of the family Anobiidae (order Coleoptera) and sometimes placed in their own family, Ptinidae. These spider-shaped beetles have a globular body, long thin legs, and no wings. They range in colour from reddish

  • spider conch (gastropod)

    conch: Spider conchs, with prongs on the lip, belong to the genus Lambis.

  • spider crab (crustacean)

    Spider crab, any species of the decapod family Majidae (or Maiidae; class Crustacea). Spider crabs, which have thick, rather rounded bodies and long, spindly legs, are generally slow-moving and sluggish. Most are scavengers, especially of dead flesh. Majids, a widely distributed marine group, are

  • spider hunter (bird)

    Spider hunter, any of several sunbird species. See

  • spider mite (mite family)

    Red spider, any of the plant-feeding mites of the family Tetranychidae (subclass Acari). Red spiders are a common pest on houseplants and agriculturally important plants, including the foliage and fruit of orchard trees. The life cycle of the red spider from egg to adult takes about three weeks.

  • spider monkey (primate)

    Spider monkey, (genus Ateles), large, extremely agile monkey that lives in forests from southern Mexico through Central and South America to Brazil. In spite of its thumbless hands, this lanky potbellied primate can move swiftly through the trees, using its long tail as a fifth limb. The seven

  • spider orchid (plant)

    Spider orchid, any of the orchids in the genera Brassia and Caladenia (family Orchidaceae). While Brassia species and hybrids are commonly cultivated for their unusual and attractive flowers, Caladenia species are difficult to grow and require symbiotic fungi to flourish. The flowers of both genera

  • spider plant (plant)

    Spider plant, (Chlorophytum comosum), African plant of the asparagus family (Asparagaceae) commonly grown as an ornamental houseplant. The most popular varieties feature long grassy green-and-white-striped leaves. Periodically a flower stem emerges, and tiny white flowers—not always produced—are

  • spider silk (fibre)

    Silk, animal fibre produced by certain insects and arachnids as building material for cocoons and webs, some of which can be used to make fine fabrics. In commercial use, silk is almost entirely limited to filaments from the cocoons of domesticated silkworms (caterpillars of several moth species

  • spider wasp (insect)

    Spider wasp, any insect of the family Pompilidae, also known as Psammocharidae (order Hymenoptera). They are distributed throughout most of the world. About 40 species occur in Great Britain, and more than 100 species are found in North America. Although they feed on spiders helpful to humans, the

  • spider web (zoology)

    spider: …instead weave silk snares, or webs, to capture prey. Webs are instinctively constructed and effectively trap flying insects. Many spiders inject venom into their prey to kill it quickly, whereas others first use silk wrappings to immobilize their victims.

  • spider-hunting scorpion (arachnid)

    scorpion: Food and feeding: …known specialist scorpion is the Australian spiral burrow, or spider-hunting, scorpion (Isometroides vescus), which feeds solely on burrowing spiders.

  • spider-hunting spider (arachnid)

    Pirate spider, any member of the family Mimetidae (order Araneida), noted for its habit of eating other spiders. The approximately 100 species are distributed worldwide. They are characterized by a row of sharp bristles on the first pair of legs. Pirate spiders do not build nests or webs. They move

  • Spider-Man (film by Raimi [2002])

    Spider-Man: Spider-Man in film and onstage: …prevented its production, Sony brought Spider-Man to the big screen in May 2002. Critics adored the film, and it eventually earned more than $800 million worldwide. Spider-Man 2 (2004) and Spider-Man 3 (2007) proved equally successful. Director Sam Raimi, who helmed the trilogy, bowed out after the third film.

  • Spider-Man (fictional character)

    Spider-Man, comic-book character who was the original everyman superhero. In Spider-Man’s first story, in Marvel Comics’ Amazing Fantasy, no. 15 (1962), American teenager Peter Parker, a poor sickly orphan, is bitten by a radioactive spider. As a result of the bite, he gains superhuman strength,

  • Spider-Man 2 (film by Raimi [2004])

    Willem Dafoe: …such big-budget mainstream films as Spider-Man (2002) and its two sequels (2004 and 2007), in which he played the comic villain the Green Goblin; the animated Finding Nemo (2003) and its sequel, Finding Dory (2016), for which he provided the voice of a fish; and The Life Aquatic with Steve…

  • Spider-Man 3 (film by Raimi [2007])

    Lucy Gordon: …in the 2007 blockbuster film Spider-Man 3, however, did she gain international recognition. In 2009, after winning the role of British singer and actress Jane Birkin in a biopic about the French singer and songwriter Serge Gainsbourg, Gordon relocated to Paris. Shortly thereafter, two days before her 29th birthday, she…

  • Spider-Man: Far From Home (film by Watts [2019])

    Samuel L. Jackson: …Avengers: Age of Ultron (2015), Spider-Man: Far from Home (2019), and Avengers: Endgame (2019).

  • Spider-Man: Homecoming (film by Watts [2017])

    Robert Downey, Jr.: …America: Civil War (2016), and Spider-Man: Homecoming (2017). In 2020 Downey starred in the family comedy Dolittle, which was based on the character created by Hugh Lofting.

  • Spider-Man: Into the Spider-Verse (film by Persichetti, Ramsey, and Rothman [2018])

    Mahershala Ali: In the acclaimed animated film Spider-Man: Into the Spider-Verse (2018), Ali voiced the title character’s uncle. He also successfully lobbied for the lead role of the television series True Detective, portraying a police officer investigating the disappearance of two children in the show’s third season (2019). For his performance Ali…

  • Spider-Man: Turn Off the Dark (Broadway musical)

    Spider-Man: Spider-Man in film and onstage: …was somewhat less auspicious, as Spider-Man: Turn Off the Dark was plagued with problems. U2 members Bono and the Edge wrote the music and lyrics, and the original show was directed by Julie Taymor, who had overseen the spectacularly successful Broadway production of Disney’s The Lion King. Exasperated by the…

  • spiderflower (plant)

    Spiderflower, any of about 275 species of plants constituting the genus Cleome of the family Cleomaceae, mostly tropical annual herbs with a pungent odour. The popular cultivated spiderflower (C. hasslerana), with dark pink flowers fading almost to white by noon, is native to sandy thickets and

  • spiderwort (plant genus)

    Spiderwort, (genus Tradescantia), genus of about 75 species of erect to trailing weak-stemmed herbs in the family Commelinaceae. The plants are native to the Americas. Spiderworts are of extremely easy culture, taking root readily from cuttings, and thus are very popular indoor plants. Some are

  • spiderwort order (plant order)

    Commelinales, the spiderwort and pickerelweed order of flowering plants, comprising more than 800 species of mostly tropical and subtropical herbs in five families: Commelinaceae, Pontederiaceae, Haemodoraceae, Philydraceae, and Hanguanaceae. Commelinaceae, or the spiderwort family, is the largest

  • Spiegel affair (German history)

    Spiegel affair, scandal in 1962, involving the weekly newsmagazine Der Spiegel and the West German government, that erupted after the magazine published an article about the country’s defense forces, evoking a harsh response from the federal authorities—particularly from Defense Minister Franz

  • Spiegel affair, Der (German history)

    Spiegel affair, scandal in 1962, involving the weekly newsmagazine Der Spiegel and the West German government, that erupted after the magazine published an article about the country’s defense forces, evoking a harsh response from the federal authorities—particularly from Defense Minister Franz

  • Spiegel im Spiegel (work by P?rt)

    Spiegel im Spiegel, (German: “Mirror [or Mirrors] in the Mirror”) composition by Estonian composer Arvo P?rt that exemplifies a style he invented and termed tintinnabuli, in which simple fragments of sound recur, like the ringing of bells. Composed in 1978 for violin and piano and premiered in that

  • Spiegel van den ouden ende nieuwen tijdt (work by Cats)

    Jacob Cats: …most famous emblem book is Spiegel van den ouden ende nieuwen tijdt (1632; “Mirror of Old and New Times”), many quotations from which have become household sayings. It is written in a more homely style than his earlier works, in popular rather than classical Dutch. Two other works—Houwelyk (1625; “Marriage”)…

  • Spiegel, Adam (American director and producer)

    Spike Jonze, American director and producer known for his visually arresting and innovative music videos and films. Jonze grew up in Maryland. He moved to Los Angeles in 1987 after graduating from high school. An ardent BMX biker, he soon became an assistant editor and later photographer for the

  • Spiegel, Der (literary paper)

    Lion Feuchtwanger: …he founded a literary journal, Der Spiegel. His first historical novel was Die h?ssliche Herzogin (1923; The Ugly Duchess), about Margaret Maultasch, duchess of Tirol. His finest novel, Jud Süss (1925; also published as Jew Süss and Power), set in 18th-century Germany, revealed a depth of psychological analysis that remained…

  • Spiegel, Der (German magazine)

    Der Spiegel, (German: “The Mirror”) weekly newsmagazine, preeminent in Germany and one of the most widely circulated in Europe, published in Hamburg since 1947. It was founded in 1946 as Diese Woche (“This Week”). The magazine is renowned for its aggressive, vigorous, and well-written exposés of

  • Spiegel, Ernst A. (American neurologist)

    stereotaxic surgery: …were pioneered by American neurologists Ernst A. Spiegel and Henry T. Wycis. Since then, a number of modifications and refinements have been made to stereotaxic devices, procedures, and atlases, and these advances have significantly improved the utility of stereotaxy.

  • Spiegel, Hendrik Laurenszoon (Dutch poet)

    Henric Laurenszoon Spieghel, poet of the northern Dutch Renaissance whose highly individual spiritual beliefs set him apart from his contemporaries. In Spieghel’s greatest work, Hertspiegel (1614; “Heart-Mirror”), a long, often allegorical poem written in hexametres, he set out his philosophical

  • Spiegel, Sam (American filmmaker)

    Sam Spiegel, Austrian-born American motion-picture producer who was known as a titan of Hollywood. He was unaffiliated with any major studio and had a reputation as an irascible perfectionist. Three of his movies received an Academy Award for best picture. Spiegel studied at the University of

  • Spiegel, Samuel (American filmmaker)

    Sam Spiegel, Austrian-born American motion-picture producer who was known as a titan of Hollywood. He was unaffiliated with any major studio and had a reputation as an irascible perfectionist. Three of his movies received an Academy Award for best picture. Spiegel studied at the University of

  • Spiegelman, Art (American author and illustrator)

    Art Spiegelman, American author and illustrator whose Holocaust narratives Maus I: A Survivor’s Tale: My Father Bleeds History (1986) and Maus II: A Survivor’s Tale: And Here My Troubles Began (1991) helped to establish comic storytelling as a sophisticated adult literary medium. Spiegelman

  • Spieghel der Schrijfkonste (manual by Velde)

    calligraphy: Writing manuals and copybooks (16th to 18th century): In Jan van den Velde’s Spieghel der Schrijfkonste (Rotterdam, 1605; “Mirror of the Art of Writing”), flourishing seems to be as important as the letters themselves. Made with the same pen as the writing and in a single uninterrupted line, the flourishes in Velde’s Spieghel range from variations on spirals…

  • Spieghel Historiael (work by Maerlant)

    Jacob van Maerlant: …finally, his most important work, Spieghel Historiael, an adaptation with additions of his own of Vincent de Beauvais’s Speculum Historiale, begun about 1282 and completed after his death by Philippe Utenbroeke and Lodewijk van Velthem. These moralizing rhymed encyclopaedic works were written to satisfy the rising class of commoners who…

  • Spieghel, Henric Laurenszoon (Dutch poet)

    Henric Laurenszoon Spieghel, poet of the northern Dutch Renaissance whose highly individual spiritual beliefs set him apart from his contemporaries. In Spieghel’s greatest work, Hertspiegel (1614; “Heart-Mirror”), a long, often allegorical poem written in hexametres, he set out his philosophical

  • Spielberg, Steven (American film director and producer)

    Steven Spielberg, American motion-picture director and producer whose diverse films—which ranged from science-fiction fare, including such classics as Close Encounters of the Third Kind (1977) and E.T.: The Extra-Terrestrial (1982), to historical dramas, notably Schindler’s List (1993) and Saving

  • Spielberg, Steven Allan (American film director and producer)

    Steven Spielberg, American motion-picture director and producer whose diverse films—which ranged from science-fiction fare, including such classics as Close Encounters of the Third Kind (1977) and E.T.: The Extra-Terrestrial (1982), to historical dramas, notably Schindler’s List (1993) and Saving

  • Spielhagen, Friedrich von (German writer)

    Friedrich von Spielhagen, popular writer whose works are considered representative of the social novel in Germany. After studying at the Universities of Berlin, Bonn, and Greifswald, Spielhagen was a teacher in a Gymnasium (high school) at Leipzig, but after 1854 he became entirely involved with

  • Spielleute (medieval entertainer)

    Spielmann, (German: “player” or “entertainer”) wandering entertainer of the European Middle Ages who performed at fairs, markets, and castles. The Spielleute included singers, mimics, and sword swallowers. Also among them were the storytellers credited with keeping alive the native Germanic

  • Spielmann (medieval entertainer)

    Spielmann, (German: “player” or “entertainer”) wandering entertainer of the European Middle Ages who performed at fairs, markets, and castles. The Spielleute included singers, mimics, and sword swallowers. Also among them were the storytellers credited with keeping alive the native Germanic

  • Spielmeyer-Vogt-Sjogren-Batten disease (pathology)

    Batten disease, rare and fatal neurodegenerative disease that begins in childhood. The disease is named for British physician Frederick Batten, who in 1903 described the cerebral degeneration and macular changes characteristic of the condition. Batten disease is among the most commonly occurring of

  • Spies in Disguise (film by Quane and Bruno [2019])

    Will Smith: …from 2019 included the animated Spies in Disguise, in which he supplied the voice of a spy who is turned into a pigeon. He then starred in Bad Boys for Life (2020), a sequel to his 1995 breakthrough film.

  • Spies, August (American revolutionary)

    Haymarket Affair: Amid the panic, August Spies and seven other anarchists were convicted of murder on the grounds that they had conspired with or aided an unknown assailant. Many of the so-called “Chicago Eight,” however, were not even present at the May 4 event, and their alleged involvement was never…

  • Spies, Walter (German artist)

    Neue Sachlichkeit: …Rousseau school includes works by Walter Spiess and Scholz, for example, which are deliberately naive, emulating the style of the French painter Henri Rousseau.

  • Spiess, Walter (German artist)

    Neue Sachlichkeit: …Rousseau school includes works by Walter Spiess and Scholz, for example, which are deliberately naive, emulating the style of the French painter Henri Rousseau.

  • Spieth, Jordan (American golfer)

    Jordan Spieth, American professional golfer who, at age 21, won the 2015 Masters Tournament and the U.S. Open, two of golf’s most-prestigious events. He captured a third major title when he won the 2017 British Open. Spieth began hitting a golf ball at age four and began playing the sport regularly

  • Spieth, Jordan Alexander (American golfer)

    Jordan Spieth, American professional golfer who, at age 21, won the 2015 Masters Tournament and the U.S. Open, two of golf’s most-prestigious events. He captured a third major title when he won the 2017 British Open. Spieth began hitting a golf ball at age four and began playing the sport regularly

  • ?piewy historyczne (work by Niemcewicz)

    Julian Ursyn Niemcewicz: …primarily to literary work, publishing ?piewy historyczne (1816; “Historical Songs”), a series of simple song poems that became very popular, and Lebje i Sióra (1821; Levi and Sarah, or, The Jewish Lovers: A Polish Tale), the first Polish novel to discuss the problems of Jews in Polish society. In 1831…

  • Spigelia (plant)

    Loganiaceae: Some species of pinkroot (Spigelia) are known to be highly poisonous, but several, including S. marilandica, are also cultivated as ornamentals. Poisonous alkaloids found in the bark and seeds of plants of the genus Strychnos are used in arrow poisons such as curare and in drugs that stimulate…

  • Spigelia marilandica (plant)

    Loganiaceae: …highly poisonous, but several, including S. marilandica, are also cultivated as ornamentals. Poisonous alkaloids found in the bark and seeds of plants of the genus Strychnos are used in arrow poisons such as curare and in drugs that stimulate the heart and central nervous system. Natal orange (Strychnos spinosa) of…

  • spike (inflorescence)

    inflorescence: Indeterminate inflorescence.: A spike is a raceme, but the flowers develop directly from the stem and are not borne on pedicels, as in barley (Hordeum).

  • spike (isotope)

    mass spectrometry: Trace element analysis: …isotopically enriched sample, called a spike, is added to the original material, thoroughly mixed with it, and extracted with that element. The mass spectrum of this mixture will be a combination of the natural spectrum of the element plus the unnatural one of the spike. By knowing the amount of…

  • spike (volleyball)

    volleyball: The game: (This offensive action, called a spike, or kill, is usually performed most effectively and with greatest power near the net by the forward line of players.) A tightly stretched net is placed across the court exactly above the middle of the centre line; official net heights (measured from the top…

  • Spike (album by Costello)

    Elvis Costello: …sounds on his next album, Spike (1989). In both of these works, Costello wrote about the role of the artist in popular culture, blending contemporary cultural imagery with modern and classical literary allusions. He developed a fragmented, dissonant lyrical style; the influence of modern poets such as T.S. Eliot was…

  • spike heath (plant)

    Spike heath, (Bruckenthalia spiculifolia), erect but spreading evergreen shrub, of the heath family (Ericaceae) and the order Ericales. The spike heath is native to southern Europe and to Asia Minor. It is sometimes cultivated as an ornamental, especially in rock gardens. The plant grows about 25

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