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  • Spring and All (work by Williams)

    Spring and All, volume of poems and prose pieces by William Carlos Williams, published in 1923 in Paris in an edition of 300 copies. It contains Williams’s attempts to articulate his beliefs about the role and form of art in a modern context. Included are some of Williams’s best-known poems. The

  • Spring and Autumn Pagodas (pagodas, Taiwan)

    Kao-hsiung: …King Ning-ching (Ningjing), and the Ch’un-ch’iu (Chunqiu; Spring and Autumn) Pagodas are major tourist attractions. Feng-shan (Fengshan), administrative seat of the former county, is linked by railway to Chi-lung (Jilong, or Keelung) in northeastern Taiwan. The National Sun Yat-sen University was founded in 1980 at Kao-hsiung.

  • Spring and Autumn Period (Chinese history)

    Spring and Autumn Period, (770–476 bc), in Chinese history, the period during the Zhou dynasty (1046–256 bc)—specifically the first portion of the Dong (Eastern) Zhou—when many vassal states fought and competed for supremacy. It was named for the title of a Confucian book of chronicles, Chunqiu,

  • Spring and Fall (poem by Hopkins)

    Spring and Fall, poem by Gerard Manley Hopkins, written in 1880 and published posthumously in 1918 in Poems of Gerard Manley Hopkins. The poet likens a little girl’s sorrow at the waning of summer to the larger, tragic nature of human life. Set in rhymed couplets, the melancholy poem is a notable

  • Spring and Fall: To a Young Child (poem by Hopkins)

    Spring and Fall, poem by Gerard Manley Hopkins, written in 1880 and published posthumously in 1918 in Poems of Gerard Manley Hopkins. The poet likens a little girl’s sorrow at the waning of summer to the larger, tragic nature of human life. Set in rhymed couplets, the melancholy poem is a notable

  • Spring Awakening (musical by Mayer)

    Bill T. Jones: …his work in the musical Spring Awakening. Based on Frühlings Erwachen (1891), a tragedy by German dramatist Frank Wedekind, the musical dealt with adolescent sexual awakening and the damage that can be caused by a repressive and hypocritical society. Jones later cowrote the book for, choreographed, and directed the musical…

  • Spring Awakening (work by Wedekind)

    Frank Wedekind: …his tragedy Frühlings Erwachen (The Awakening of Spring, also published as Spring Awakening) created a scandal. Successfully produced by Max Reinhardt in 1905, the play is a series of brief scenes, some poetic and tender, others harsh and frank, dealing with the awakening of sexuality in three adolescents. In…

  • spring balance (measurement instrument)

    Spring balance, weighing device that utilizes the relation between the applied load and the deformation of a spring. This relationship is usually linear; i.e., if the load is doubled, the deformation is doubled. In the circular balance shown in the figure, the upper ends of the helical springs are

  • spring beauty (plant)

    Spring beauty, (species Claytonia virginica), small, succulent, spring-flowering perennial plant of the purslane family (Portulacaceae), native to eastern North America and often planted in moist shady areas of rock gardens. It grows to 30 cm (12 inches) from a globose corm and produces narrow

  • spring beetle (insect family)

    Click beetle, (family Elateridae), any of approximately 7,000 species of beetles (insect order Coleoptera) named for the clicking noise made when seized by a predator. Most click beetles range between 2.5 and 18 mm (less than 0.75 inch) in length and are brown or black in colour with either little

  • spring caliper (measurement device)

    caliper: …nut and are known as spring calipers, while those on the left are an illustration of firm-joint calipers, which are held in place by friction at the joint. Outside calipers measure thicknesses and outside diameters of objects; inside calipers measure hole diameters and distances between surfaces. To check the dimensions…

  • spring cankerworm (insect)

    measuring worm: The spring cankerworm (species Paleacrita vernata) and the fall cankerworm (Alsophila pometaria) attack fruit and shade trees, skeletonizing the leaves and spinning threads between the branches. Pupation usually occurs in the soil without a cocoon. Because of their distinctive larvae, the name measuring worm moth is…

  • spring catarrh (allergy)

    conjunctivitis: Vernal conjunctivitis is an allergic inflammation that tends to recur in the conjunctivas of susceptible (usually male) children. There are two types of vernal conjunctivitis. In one, the lining of the upper eyelid is affected, with a characteristic red, pebbled appearance. In the second type,…

  • spring clock

    Bracket clock, English spring-driven pendulum clock, more properly known as a table clock or spring clock. The earliest of these clocks, made for a period after 1658, were of architectural design, sometimes with pillars at the sides and a pediment on top; in later versions the pillars were omitted,

  • spring constant (physics)

    mechanics: Simple harmonic oscillations: …from equilibrium (Figure 2B), the springs exert a force F proportional to x, such that

  • spring equinox (astronomy)

    Vernal equinox, two moments in the year when the Sun is exactly above the Equator and day and night are of equal length; also, either of the two points in the sky where the ecliptic (the Sun’s annual pathway) and the celestial equator intersect. In the Northern Hemisphere the vernal equinox falls

  • Spring Feast (work by Oppenheim)

    Meret Oppenheim: …of close friends in Bern: Spring Feast (“Frühlingsfest”), an elaborate banquet that Oppenheim served (without silverware) on the body of a nude woman laid out on a long table. Breton asked her to reproduce the piece for the Exposition inteRnatiOnale du Surréalisme (EROS) in Paris (1959–60). Though she did participate,…

  • Spring Festival (festival)

    Lunar New Year, festival typically celebrated in China and other Asian countries that begins with the first new moon of the lunar calendar and ends on the first full moon of the lunar calendar, 15 days later. The lunar calendar is based on the cycles of the moon, so the dates of the holiday vary

  • spring force (physics)

    mechanics: Simple harmonic oscillations: …the force is called the spring force. If x is positive (displacement to the right), the resulting force is negative (to the left), and vice versa. In other words, the spring force always acts so as to restore mass back toward its equilibrium position. Moreover, the force will produce an…

  • Spring Freshets (novella by Turgenev)

    Torrents of Spring, novella by Ivan Turgenev, published in Russian as Veshniye vody in 1872. The book has also been translated as Spring Torrents and Spring Freshets. Cast as a reminiscence, the work concerns the reflections of the middle-aged and world-weary Sanin on his youthful romance with

  • spring gravimeter (measurement instrument)

    gravity: Relative measurements: Spring gravimeters balance the force of gravity on a mass in the gravity field to be measured against the elastic force of the spring. Either the extension of the spring is measured, or a servo system restores it to a constant amount. High sensitivity is…

  • spring gravity meter (measurement instrument)

    gravity: Relative measurements: Spring gravimeters balance the force of gravity on a mass in the gravity field to be measured against the elastic force of the spring. Either the extension of the spring is measured, or a servo system restores it to a constant amount. High sensitivity is…

  • Spring Green (Wisconsin, United States)

    Spring Green, village, Sauk county, south-central Wisconsin, U.S. The village lies near the Wisconsin River, about 35 miles (55 km) west of Madison. It was laid out in 1843 and named for the way the south-facing hills turned green early in spring. It was a shipping point for livestock and wheat and

  • spring hare (rodent)

    Spring hare, (Pedetes capensis), a bipedal grazing rodent indigenous to Africa. About the size of a rabbit, the spring hare more closely resembles a giant jerboa in having a short round head, a thick muscular neck, very large eyes, and long, narrow upright ears. Like jerboas, it has short forelegs

  • Spring Mountains (mountain range, Nevada, United States)

    Las Vegas: City site: …eastward from the picturesque, pine-clad Spring Mountains, whose highest point, Charleston Peak, rises above 11,910 feet (3,630 metres). To the north lie three lower ranges, the Pintwater, Spotted, and Desert mountains, and to the east are the McCullough and Sheep ranges. A wide pass between those two ranges leads to…

  • Spring of Khosrow Carpet (ancient Persian carpet)

    Spring of Khosrow Carpet, ancient Persian carpet, possibly the most costly and magnificent of all time, made for the Ctesiphon palace of the Sāsānian king Khosrow I (reigned ad 531–579). Described in the historical annals of the Muslim scholar al-?abari, it became the model for subsequent garden

  • Spring Offensive (World War I)

    Battle of Belleau Wood: …boosted morale amid the German’s Spring Offensive. The struggle for Belleau Wood announced to the Germans that the U.S. armed forces had arrived on the Western Front in strength and were eager to fight. It was a tough baptism of fire for the Americans but persistence and resolution secured them…

  • spring onion (plant)

    onion: Green onions, also called scallions and spring onions, are young onions harvested when their tops are green and the underdeveloped bulbs are 13 mm (0.5 inch) or less in diameter. Their flavour is mild, and the entire onion, including top, stem, and bulb, is used…

  • spring peeper (amphibian)

    Spring peeper, (species Pseudacris crucifer), small tree frog (family Hylidae) found in woodland areas in the eastern United States and Canada. Outside of the breeding season, when it may be found in ephemeral woodland ponds, it is seldom seen. The spring peeper, with its high, whistling call, is

  • spring pin (tool)

    pin fastener: The spring pin is a split tube with a slightly larger diameter than the hole into which it is placed. The pin is compressed when driven into the hole and exerts a spring pressure against the wall of the hole to create a frictional locking grip.…

  • spring rate (mechanics)

    automobile: Suspension: …and deflection known as the spring rate, defined as the load in pounds divided by the deflection of the spring in inches. A soft spring has a low rate and deflects a greater distance under a given load. A coil or a leaf spring retains a substantially constant rate within…

  • spring sail (instrument)

    windmill: …Meikle, a Scot, invented his spring sail, substituting hinged shutters, like those of a Venetian blind, for sailcloths and controlling them by a connecting bar and a spring on each sail. Each spring had to be adjusted individually with the mill at rest according to the power required; the sails…

  • spring salmon (fish)

    Chinook salmon, (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) prized North Pacific food and sport fish of the family Salmonidae. It weighs up to 60 kg (130 pounds) and is silvery with round black spots. Spawning runs occur in spring, adults swimming as far as 3,200 km (2,000 miles) up the Yukon. Young chinook salmon

  • spring sapping (geology)

    valley: Sapping: A variation of this process, spring sapping, occurs where groundwater outflow undermines slopes and, where appropriately concentrated, contributes to the development of valleys. The action of groundwater in sapping may be concentrated at valley heads, leading to headward growth. Both enhanced weathering and direct erosion by the concentrated fluid flow…

  • Spring Sea (work by Miyagi)

    Japanese music: Traditional styles: …koto, Haru no umi (“Spring Sea”), has proved Baroque-like in its performance practice, for it is often heard played by the violin, with koto or piano accompaniment. Its style equals that of the French composer Claude Debussy in his most “orientale” moments. The Japanese traditionalist’s view of Western music…

  • Spring Snow (novel by Mishima)

    The Sea of Fertility: …four parts—Haru no yuki (Spring Snow), Homma (Runaway Horses), Akatsuki no tera (The Temple of Dawn), and Tennin gosui (The Decay of the Angel)—is set in Japan, and together they cover the period from roughly 1912 to the 1960s. Each of them depicts a different reincarnation of the same…

  • spring snowflake (plant)

    snowflake: Several species, including spring snowflake (Leucojum vernum) and summer snowflake (L. aestivum), are cultivated as garden flowers. The plants are closely related to snowdrops (genus Galanthus) and typically emerge from bulbs in early spring.

  • Spring Symphony (work by Britten)

    cantata: …Benjamin Britten gave the title Spring Symphony (1949) to a work that is actually a cantata.

  • Spring Symphony (symphony by Schumann)

    Symphony No. 1 in B-flat Major, Op. 38, symphony by German composer Robert Schumann that premiered on March 31, 1841, in Leipzig and was conducted by Schumann’s friend Felix Mendelssohn. It is an intensely optimistic work and is the most frequently performed of Schumann’s four symphonies.

  • spring tide (physics)

    Spring tide, tide of maximal range, near the time of new and full moon when the Sun and Moon are in syzygy—i.e., aligned with the Earth. Conjunction is the time during new moon when the Sun and Moon lie on the same side of the Earth. The other syzygy condition, opposition, occurs during full moon

  • Spring Torrents (novella by Turgenev)

    Torrents of Spring, novella by Ivan Turgenev, published in Russian as Veshniye vody in 1872. The book has also been translated as Spring Torrents and Spring Freshets. Cast as a reminiscence, the work concerns the reflections of the middle-aged and world-weary Sanin on his youthful romance with

  • spring wagon (vehicle)

    Spring wagon, four-wheeled vehicle drawn by draft animals (most often horses), having a square box and between two and four movable seat boards. It was a general-purpose wagon used for the transportation of either goods or passengers, and in 19th century America it enjoyed wide popularity with

  • spring wheat

    agricultural technology: Dryland farming: …the most favoured crop, although spring wheat is planted in some areas where severe winter killing may occur. (Grain sorghum is another crop grown in these areas.) Where some summer rainfall occurs, dry beans are an important crop. All dryland crop yield is mainly dependent on precipitation, but practices of…

  • Spring Wheat Belt (region, United States)

    North America: Cool temperate, humid regions: The Spring Wheat Belt—in the Dakotas, Montana, Minnesota, the Canadian Prairie Provinces, and part of the Columbia basin—has a severe winter that forces postponement of sowing to spring. Then the warmth and wetness of the sudden northward surge of tropical gulf air quickly bring on the…

  • Spring with Machine-Age Noises—No. 3 (painting by Graves)

    Morris Graves: …Before he left he painted Spring with Machine-Age Noises—No. 3 (1957), a visual cacophony that seems to sweep over a stretch of grass.

  • spring wood (wood)

    angiosperm: Secondary vascular system: …difference in density between the early wood (spring wood) and the late wood (summer wood); early wood is less dense because the cells are larger and their walls are thinner. Although the transition of early wood to late wood within a growth ring may be obscure, that demarcation between the…

  • Spring, Dick (Irish politician)

    Labour Party: History: …1992, under the leadership of Dick Spring, the party enjoyed its greatest success in 70 years, winning nearly 20 percent of the vote and 33 seats in the Dáil in general elections that year. A majority coalition with the Fianna Fáil party collapsed after two years in 1994, and the…

  • Spring, Howard (Welsh author)

    Howard Spring, Welsh-born British novelist whose chief strength lies in his understanding of provincial life and ambition. Most of his books trace the rise of a character from poverty to affluence, often melodramatically. The son of a gardener, Spring left school at the age of 11 but continued his

  • spring-mass accelerometer (measurement instrument)

    accelerometer: The former type, called a spring-mass accelerometer, incorporates a mass suspended by four precisely designed and matched springs; movement of the mass is restrained by a damper. The accelerometer housing is solidly attached to the moving object.

  • spring-tooth harrow (agriculture)

    harrow: Spring-tooth harrows (developed in the 1860s) have curved, springy teeth designed for use in rough, stony ground and around roots. Knife-tooth harrows, with twisted blades spaced several inches apart, are driven in a rotary motion by a small gasoline motor. They are used chiefly by…

  • spring-tooth weeder (agriculture)

    cultivator: Spring-tooth weeders have light spring teeth that flick out shallow-rooted weeds without injuring growing plants and can therefore be operated directly over planted rows in an early stage, ridding the field of many weeds as they emerge. Rod weeders are used for weed control in…

  • Springall, Charles Edward (British comedian and actor)

    Charlie Drake, (Charles Edward Springall), British comedian and actor (born June 19, 1925, Elephant and Castle, London, Eng.—died Dec. 23, 2006, Twickenham, Middlesex, Eng.), delighted audiences with his slapstick comic antics in stage variety shows and on television for more than 50 years, often p

  • Springbett, Berta Lynn (Canadian ballerina)

    Lynn Seymour, Canadian prima ballerina. In 1954 Seymour went to England, where she enrolled at the Sadler’s Wells School. She danced with the Covent Garden Opera Ballet (1956) before joining the Royal Ballet in 1957. Two years later she became a principal dancer, subsequently performing as The

  • springboard diving
  • springbok (mammal)

    Springbok, (Antidorcas marsupialis), graceful, strikingly marked antelope of the gazelle tribe, Antilopini (family Bovidae, order Artiodactyla). The springbok is native to the open, treeless plains of southern Africa. It once roamed in enormous herds but is now much reduced in numbers. It is the

  • Springbok Flats (plain, South Africa)

    Springbok Flats, extensive plain in South Africa, extending northeast from Pretoria in Gauteng province for about 100 miles (160 km) to the town of Zebediela in Limpopo province. The name indicates an abundance of springboks, but now little game remains except in preserves. The whole plain, with an

  • Springboks (South African rugby team)

    Danie Craven: …national team (known as the Springboks), and he served in that capacity for several years. In 1956 he became president of the South African Rugby Board (SARB), a position he held until his death in 1993. In 1959 he was elevated to chairman of the International Rugby Football Board (IRB).

  • Springbokvla (plain, South Africa)

    Springbok Flats, extensive plain in South Africa, extending northeast from Pretoria in Gauteng province for about 100 miles (160 km) to the town of Zebediela in Limpopo province. The name indicates an abundance of springboks, but now little game remains except in preserves. The whole plain, with an

  • springbuck (mammal)

    Springbok, (Antidorcas marsupialis), graceful, strikingly marked antelope of the gazelle tribe, Antilopini (family Bovidae, order Artiodactyla). The springbok is native to the open, treeless plains of southern Africa. It once roamed in enormous herds but is now much reduced in numbers. It is the

  • springer spaniel (type of dog)

    Springer spaniel, either of two ancient breeds of sporting dogs used to flush game from cover and to retrieve it. The English springer spaniel is a medium-sized, compact dog standing 19 to 20 inches (48 to 51 cm) and weighing 40 to 50 pounds (18 to 23 kg). Its glossy coat is flat or wavy and

  • springer spaniel, English (breed of dog)

    springer spaniel: The English springer spaniel is a medium-sized, compact dog standing 19 to 20 inches (48 to 51 cm) and weighing 40 to 50 pounds (18 to 23 kg). Its glossy coat is flat or wavy and usually black and white or liver-coloured and white. The English…

  • springer spaniel, Welsh (breed of dog)

    springer spaniel: The Welsh springer spaniel, known since at least the 14th century, is somewhat smaller than the English; its flat coat is always red-brown and white, with feathering on the chest, legs, and belly. It stands 17 to 19 inches (43 to 48 cm). It is noted…

  • Springer v. United States (law case)

    Noah H. Swayne: …in federal judicial review, and Springer v. United States (1881), which upheld the constitutionality of a federal income tax imposed during the Civil War.

  • Springer, Axel (German publisher)

    Axel Springer, German publisher who founded Axel Springer Verlag AG, one of the largest publishing concerns in Europe. Springer was the son of a printer and publisher. After limited schooling, he worked as an apprentice in various printing and publishing concerns. He received his journalism

  • Springer, Axel C?sar (German publisher)

    Axel Springer, German publisher who founded Axel Springer Verlag AG, one of the largest publishing concerns in Europe. Springer was the son of a printer and publisher. After limited schooling, he worked as an apprentice in various printing and publishing concerns. He received his journalism

  • Springer, Gerald Norman (American television host)

    Jerry Springer, British-born American television host and politician, best known for The Jerry Springer Show, a daytime talk show featuring controversial topics and outrageous guest behaviour. Springer’s family immigrated to the United States when he was five years old, taking up residence in New

  • Springer, Jerry (American television host)

    Jerry Springer, British-born American television host and politician, best known for The Jerry Springer Show, a daytime talk show featuring controversial topics and outrageous guest behaviour. Springer’s family immigrated to the United States when he was five years old, taking up residence in New

  • Springfield (Missouri, United States)

    Springfield, city, seat (1833) of Greene county, southwestern Missouri, U.S., near the James River, at the northern edge of the Ozark Highlands, north of the Table Rock Lake area. Settled in 1829, its growth was slow until the period of heavy westward migration, when pioneers were attracted by its

  • Springfield (Ohio, United States)

    Springfield, city, seat (1818) of Clark county, west-central Ohio, U.S., on Buck Creek and Mad River, 25 miles (40 km) northeast of Dayton. The original settlement by James Demint and migrant Kentuckians in 1799 was on the site of the village of Old Piqua (birthplace of Tecumseh, the Shawnee

  • Springfield (Illinois, United States)

    Springfield, city, seat (1821) of Sangamon county and capital of Illinois, U.S. Lying along the Sangamon River in the central part of the state, Springfield is situated about 100 miles (160 km) northeast of St. Louis, Missouri, and some 185 miles (300 km) southwest of Chicago. Settlement of the

  • Springfield (Massachusetts, United States)

    Springfield, city, seat (1812) of Hampden county, southwestern Massachusetts, U.S., on the Connecticut River. It forms a contiguous urban area with Agawam and West Springfield (west), Chicopee and Holyoke (north), Ludlow (northeast), Wilbraham and Hampden (east), and East Longmeadow (south).

  • Springfield (Oregon, United States)

    Springfield, city, Lane county, western Oregon, U.S., on the Willamette River at its confluence with the McKenzie River, adjacent to Eugene. Once the territory of Kalapuya Indians, the area was settled in 1848 by Elias and Mary Briggs and named for the spring near their home site. It is an

  • Springfield .30-06 (rifle)

    Springfield rifle: …ammunition, entered history as the Springfield .30-06, one of the most reliable and accurate military firearms in history. The Springfield served as the principal U.S. infantry weapon until 1936, when it was replaced by the Garand (M1) rifle of World War II—also designed at the Springfield Armory. When the Springfield…

  • Springfield Armory (weapons factory, Springfield, Massachusetts, United States)

    Springfield Armory, Weapons factory established at Springfield, Mass., by the U.S. Congress in 1794. It grew out of an arsenal established in Springfield by the Revolutionary government in 1777, the site being chosen partly for its inaccessibility to British forces. The armoury pioneered

  • Springfield College (school, Springfield, Massachusetts, United States)

    basketball: …Association (YMCA) Training School (now Springfield College), Springfield, Massachusetts, where Naismith was an instructor in physical education.

  • Springfield Race Riot (United States history)

    Springfield Race Riot, (August 1908), in U.S. history, brutal two-day assault by several thousand white citizens on the black community of Springfield, Ill. Triggered by the transfer of a black prisoner charged with rape (an accusation later withdrawn), the riot was symptomatic of fears of racial

  • Springfield rifle

    Springfield rifle, any of several rifles that were standard infantry weapons of the U.S. Army most of the time from 1873 to 1936, all taking their name from the Springfield Armory, established at Springfield, Mass., by the U.S. Congress in 1794. The armoury had produced smoothbore muskets from its

  • Springfield, Battle of (United States history)

    Millburn: During the American Revolution the Battle of Springfield (June 23, 1780) took place in the vicinity, and there was fighting around the present town hall.

  • Springfield, Dusty (British singer)

    Dusty Springfield, British vocalist who made her mark as a female hit maker and icon during the 1960s beat boom that resulted in the British Invasion. Mary O’Brien, the daughter of a tax consultant, grew up in prosperous Hampstead in North London. In 1958 she became the third member of a

  • springhaas (rodent)

    Spring hare, (Pedetes capensis), a bipedal grazing rodent indigenous to Africa. About the size of a rabbit, the spring hare more closely resembles a giant jerboa in having a short round head, a thick muscular neck, very large eyes, and long, narrow upright ears. Like jerboas, it has short forelegs

  • springhare (rodent)

    Spring hare, (Pedetes capensis), a bipedal grazing rodent indigenous to Africa. About the size of a rabbit, the spring hare more closely resembles a giant jerboa in having a short round head, a thick muscular neck, very large eyes, and long, narrow upright ears. Like jerboas, it has short forelegs

  • Springhill (Nova Scotia, Canada)

    Springhill, town, Cumberland county, northern Nova Scotia, Canada. It lies 22 miles (35 km) southeast of Amherst and is situated on a hill 700 feet (210 metres) high, which was once the source of numerous springs—whence its name. Coal, discovered in the vicinity in 1834 and mined commercially since

  • springing (architecture)

    arch: …supports is known as the spring, or springing line. During construction of an arch, the voussoirs require support from below until the keystone has been set in place; this support usually takes the form of temporary wooden centring. The curve in an arch may be semicircular, segmental (consisting of less…

  • springing (hull vibration)

    ship: Structural integrity: …significant stress is known as springing. The cause of springing is resonance between the frequency of wave encounter and a natural vibratory frequency of the hull. Slamming and the consequent whipping can be avoided by slowing or changing course, but springing is more difficult to avoid because of the wide…

  • Springs (South Africa)

    Springs, town, Gauteng province, South Africa. It lies in the Witwatersrand, just east of Johannesburg, at an elevation of 5,338 feet (1,627 metres). Founded as a coal-mining camp in 1885, it was sustained by the mining of gold beginning in 1908 and was incorporated in 1912. It became the largest

  • Springsteen on Broadway (musical theatre by Springsteen)

    Bruce Springsteen: Without The Big Man: In 2017 Springsteen on Broadway premiered and was an immediate hit with critics and theatregoers. In the one-man show—with musical accompaniment by his wife on several tunes—Springsteen performed various songs and told stories, many of which were from his memoir. For the production, Springsteen earned a special…

  • Springsteen, Bruce (American singer, songwriter, and bandleader)

    Bruce Springsteen, American singer, songwriter, and bandleader who became the archetypal rock performer of the 1970s and ’80s. Springsteen grew up in Freehold, a mill town where his father worked as a labourer. His rebellious and artistic side led him to the nearby Jersey Shore, where his

  • springtail (arthropod)

    Springtail, (order Collembola), any of approximately 6,000 small, primitive, wingless insects that range in length from 1 to 10 mm (0.04 to 0.4 inch). Most species are characterized by a forked appendage (furcula) attached at the end of the abdomen and held in place under tension from the

  • Springtime in the Rockies (film by Cummings [1942])

    Irving Cummings: Springtime in the Rockies (1942) was a return to the stylized terrain of Down Argentine Way; Grable and Miranda were paired with John Payne and Cesar Romero, respectively; Harry James’s “I Had the Craziest Dream” was one of several musical highlights. Grable and Cummings teamed…

  • Springville (Utah, United States)

    Springville, city, Utah county, north-central Utah, U.S., in the Utah Valley, east of Utah Lake and west of the Wasatch Range. It was founded in 1850 by Mormons, who named it Hobble Creek after their horses lost their hobbles in a stream. The name was later changed to Springville because of the

  • sprinkler system (irrigation)

    horticulture: Water management: Sprinkler irrigation is application of water under pressure as simulated rain. Subirrigation is the distribution of water to soil below the surface; it provides moisture to crops by upward capillary action. Trickle irrigation involves the slow release of water to each plant through small plastic…

  • sprinkler system (fire control)

    Sprinkler system, in fire control, a means of protecting a building against fire by causing an automatic discharge of water, usually from pipes near the ceiling. The prototype, developed in England about 1800, consisted of a pipe with a number of valves held closed by counterweights on strings;

  • sprint (running)

    Sprint, in athletics (track and field), a footrace over a short distance with an all-out or nearly all-out burst of speed, the chief distances being 100, 200, and 400 metres and 100, 220, and 440 yards. The course for sprint races is usually marked off in lanes within which each runner must remain

  • sprint (cycling)

    Sprint, in bicycle racing, a competition over a 1,000-metre (1,094-yard) course (500-metre for women) with time taken only over the last 200 metres (219 yards). Racers compete in groups of two (sometimes called a match sprint) or three, and they frequently spend the early laps of the race moving

  • sprint canoe (watercraft)

    canoeing: Recreation and sport: Sprint races are held on still water (except for wild-water and slalom) in depths of at least 3 metres (9.8 feet). Races of up to 1,000 metres take place entirely in lanes, whereas longer races only end in lanes. Long-distance racing is not governed by…

  • Sprint Cup Series (auto racing championship)

    Jimmie Johnson: …Series and, in 2008, the Sprint Cup Series.) He also earned his first Busch Series win in 2001, at Chicagoland Speedway, winding up eighth in that series’s point standings. In 2002 he began his rookie season in the Cup Series, winning three races and ending the season ranked fifth. Two…

  • Sprint Nextel (American company)

    NASCAR: …to reflect Nextel’s merger with Sprint, another telephone service provider. In 2007 the Japanese automaker Toyota entered the Cup Series, traditionally dominated by American manufacturers such as Chevrolet (see General Motors Corporation) and Ford. By the end of the first decade of the 21st century, Jimmie

  • Sprite (beverage)

    The Coca-Cola Company: …also introduced the lemon-lime drink Sprite in 1961 and its first diet cola, sugar-free Tab, in 1963. With its purchase of Minute Maid Corporation in 1960, the company entered the citrus juice market. It added the brand Fresca in 1966.

  • sprocket

    bicycle: Drivetrain: …the chain from one rear sprocket to the next. The front derailleur moves the chain from one front chainwheel to the next. By varying the size of the sprockets and chainwheels, the rear wheel can turn faster or slower than the crank. Modern bicycles have up to 10 sprockets on…

  • sprosser (bird)

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