You are using an outdated browser. Please upgrade your browser to improve your experience and security.
  • sr (unit of measurement)

    Steradian, unit of solid-angle measure in the International System of Units (SI), defined as the solid angle of a sphere subtended by a portion of the surface whose area is equal to the square of the sphere’s radius. Since the complete surface area of a sphere is 4π times the square of its radius,

  • SR-71 (aircraft)

    U-2: …Earth-orbiting satellites or the supersonic SR-71 Blackbird spy plane—but intelligence and military services consistently have found it useful because of its operational flexibility, excellent aerodynamic design, and adaptable airframe. In 2011 the USAF indicated that the U-2 was scheduled for retirement from service sometime after 2015, with many of its…

  • SR-71 Blackbird (aircraft)

    U-2: …Earth-orbiting satellites or the supersonic SR-71 Blackbird spy plane—but intelligence and military services consistently have found it useful because of its operational flexibility, excellent aerodynamic design, and adaptable airframe. In 2011 the USAF indicated that the U-2 was scheduled for retirement from service sometime after 2015, with many of its…

  • SR.N1 (air-cushion vehicle)

    Hovercraft: …in the series, known as SR.N1 (for Saunders-Roe Nautical 1), a four-ton vehicle that could carry only its crew of three, was invented by English engineer Christopher Cockerell; it crossed the Channel for the first time on July 25, 1959. Ten years later Cockerell was knighted for his accomplishment. By…

  • SR.N4 (air-cushion vehicle)

    Hovercraft: …largest of the series, the SR.N4, also called the Mountbatten class, had begun to ply the ferry routes between Ramsgate and Dover on the English side and Calais and Boulogne on the French side. In their largest variants, these enormous vehicles, weighing 265 tons and powered by four Rolls-Royce gas-turbine…

  • sraddha (Hinduism)

    Shraddha, in Hinduism, a ceremony performed in honour of a dead ancestor. The rite is both a social and a religious responsibility enjoined on all male Hindus (with the exception of some sannyasis, or ascetics). The importance given in India to the birth of sons reflects the need to ensure that

  • ?rāddha (Hinduism)

    Shraddha, in Hinduism, a ceremony performed in honour of a dead ancestor. The rite is both a social and a religious responsibility enjoined on all male Hindus (with the exception of some sannyasis, or ascetics). The importance given in India to the birth of sons reflects the need to ensure that

  • Sraffian economics (economics)

    economics: Other schools and fields of economics: …school outside the mainstream is Sraffian economics. As an offshoot of general equilibrium theory, Sraffian economics purports to explain the determination of prices by means of the technological relationships between inputs and outputs without invoking the preferences of consumers that neoclassical economists rely on so heavily. Moreover, Sraffian theory is…

  • SRAM (computing)

    computer memory: Semiconductor memory: Static RAM (SRAM) consists of flip-flops, a bistable circuit composed of four to six transistors. Once a flip-flop stores a bit, it keeps that value until the opposite value is stored in it. SRAM gives fast access to data, but it is physically relatively large.…

  • SRAM (military technology)

    rocket and missile system: Matador and other programs: …had given way to the short-range attack missile, or SRAM, essentially an internally carried, air-launched ballistic missile.

  • ?rāma?era (Buddhism)

    pabbajjā: …a novice (Pāli sāma?era; Sanskrit ?rāma?era). The ceremony is also the preliminary part of higher ordination, raising a novice to a monk (see upasa?padā).

  • Sranan (language)

    Sranan, creole language spoken in Suriname (formerly Dutch Guiana) in northeastern South America. Sranan is spoken by almost the entire population of Suriname as either a first or a second language, as well as by a large emigrant population in the Netherlands. It functions as a lingua franca and as

  • Sranantongo (language)

    Sranan, creole language spoken in Suriname (formerly Dutch Guiana) in northeastern South America. Sranan is spoken by almost the entire population of Suriname as either a first or a second language, as well as by a large emigrant population in the Netherlands. It functions as a lingua franca and as

  • Sraosha (Zoroastrianism)

    Sraosha, in Zoroastrianism, divine being who is the messenger of Ahura Mazdā and the embodiment of the divine word. His name, related to the Avestan word for “hearing,” signifies man’s obedient hearkening to Ahura Mazdā’s word and also signifies Ahura Mazdā’s omnipresent listening. Sraosha is the

  • Srath Bán, An (Northern Ireland, United Kingdom)

    Strabane, town and former district (1973–2015) within the former County Tyrone, now in Derry City and Strabane district, northwestern Northern Ireland. The town is located on the River Mourne at its confluence with the Finn to form the River Foyle near the border of the republic of Ireland. It is a

  • ?rauta (Hindu ritual)

    Hinduism: Vedic and Brahmanic rites: …engages in the more complex shrauta sacrifices. These require oblations of vegetable substances and, in some instances, of parts of ritually killed animals. At the highest level of Vedic ritualism are the soma sacrifices, which can continue for days or even years and whose intricacies and complexities are truly stunning.

  • Srbija

    Serbia, country in the west-central Balkans. For most of the 20th century, it was a part of Yugoslavia. The capital of Serbia is Belgrade (Beograd), a cosmopolitan city at the confluence of the Danube and Sava rivers; Stari Grad, Belgrade’s old town, is dominated by an ancient fortress called the

  • SRBM (military technology)

    Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty: …and shorter-range ballistic missiles (SRBMs) as those having ranges from 500 to 1,000 km.

  • src (gene)

    cancer: Retroviruses and the discovery of oncogenes: …inactivation of a gene, called src, that was active in transforming viruses. In this way, src was identified as the first cancer gene, called an oncogene (from Greek onkos, “mass” or “tumour”).

  • Sre language

    Sre language, dialect spoken in Vietnam, one of the approximately nine dialects of the Koho language, belonging to the South Bahnaric subbranch of the Bahnaric branch of the Mon-Khmer family, which is a part of the Austroasiatic stock. Speakers consist primarily of Montagnards located in and

  • Srebarna Nature Reserve (reserve, Bulgaria)

    Bulgaria: Plant and animal life: The Srebarna Nature Reserve, a freshwater lake and bird sanctuary adjoining the Danube River, was named a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1983 and then placed on UNESCO’s endangered list in 1992 after environmental decline; improvements were seen in the early 21st century.

  • SREBP (biochemistry)

    Michael S. Brown: …1990s Brown and Goldstein discovered sterol regulatory element binding proteins (SREBPs), transcription factors that control the uptake and synthesis of cholesterol and fatty acids. In their follow-up studies they uncovered the mechanism by which SREBPs are activated to regulate the metabolism of lipids. In 2003 they were awarded the Albany…

  • Srebrenica (Bosnia and Herzegovina)

    Srebrenica, town, eastern Bosnia and Herzegovina. Srebrenica was included in Serb-held territory (the Republika Srpska, or Bosnian Serb Republic) by the November 1995 partition of Bosnia and Herzegovina. The town’s name is derived from the Serbo-Croatian word srebro, meaning “silver.” Rich deposits

  • Srebrenica massacre (Bosnian history [1995])

    Srebrenica massacre, slaying of more than 7,000 Bosniak (Bosnian Muslim) boys and men, perpetrated by Bosnian Serb forces in Srebrenica, a town in eastern Bosnia and Herzegovina, in July 1995. In addition to the killings, more than 20,000 civilians were expelled from the area—a process known as

  • Sredets (national capital, Bulgaria)

    Sofia, capital of Bulgaria. It is situated near the geographical centre of the Balkans region, in the Sofia Basin, a troughlike valley in the western part of the country. The Serdi (Sardi), a Thracian tribe, established a settlement in the region in the 8th century bce. This community was conquered

  • Sredinny Mountains (mountains, Russia)

    Russia: The mountains of the south and east: … region, where the Koryak and Sredinny mountains rise to 8,405 and 11,880 feet (2,562 and 3,621 metres), respectively, forming a northeast-southwest chain that extends along the Pacific-rimmed Kamchatka Peninsula. The peninsula contains numerous volcanic peaks (many of which are still active), including Klyuchevskaya Volcano, which at 15,584 feet (4,750

  • Sredna Gora (mountains, Bulgaria)

    Sredna Mountains, range in central Bulgaria, a discontinuous range south of the Balkan Mountains and having a similar east-west orientation. Structurally, the Sredna range is a part of the Rhodope Mountains, from which it is separated by the Thracian Plain. Between the Sredna and Balkan mountains

  • Sredna Mountains (mountains, Bulgaria)

    Sredna Mountains, range in central Bulgaria, a discontinuous range south of the Balkan Mountains and having a similar east-west orientation. Structurally, the Sredna range is a part of the Rhodope Mountains, from which it is separated by the Thracian Plain. Between the Sredna and Balkan mountains

  • Srednerusskaya Vozvyshennost (region, Russia)

    Central Russian Upland, large upland area of the Russian Plain, in the central part of European Russia. It stretches in a north–south direction from the Oka River to the Donets River and the Donets Ridge. The upland has a total north–south length of 600 miles (1,000 km) and a width of 300 miles

  • Srednesibirskoye Ploskogorye (plateau, Russia)

    Central Siberian Plateau, vast upland area, north-central Siberia, Russia. The plateau occupies an area of 600,000 square miles (1,500,000 square km). It is situated in Krasnoyarsk kray (region), Sakha, and in Irkutsk oblast (province). It is bounded by the Yenisey River to the west, the North

  • Sredny Baseg, Mount (mountain, Russia)

    Ural Mountains: Physiography: …metres), though the highest peak, Mount Sredny Baseg, rises to 3,261 feet (994 metres). The summits are smooth, with isolated residual outcrops. The last portion, the Southern Urals, extends some 340 miles (550 km) to the westward bend of the Ural River and consists of several parallel ridges rising to…

  • Srednyaya Tunguska River (river, Russia)

    Podkamennaya Tunguska River, tributary of the Yenisey River in western Siberia, Irkutsk oblast (province), Russia. It has a total length of 1,159 miles (1,865 km) and a drainage basin of 96,100 square miles (249,000 square km). Known in its upper section as the Katanga, it rises on the Central

  • Srem (language)

    Albanian language: Dialects: …a text exists, and of Syrmia (Srem), for which there is none, have become extinct.

  • Sremska Mitrovica (Serbia)

    Tiberius II Constantinus: …(582) to surrender Sirmium (now Sremska Mitrovica, Yugos.). Meanwhile, the Slavs poured into Thrace, Thessaly, Illyricum, and other regions of Greece.

  • Sremski Karlovci (Serbia)

    Sremski Karlovci, town in the south-central part of the autonomous province of Vojvodina, Serbia. It lies along the Danube River, roughly 9 miles (15 km) southeast of the administrative capital of Novi Sad and on the road and rail routes from Belgrade to Subotica (in Vojvodina) and Hungary. In

  • SRI

    Socially responsible investing (SRI), use of social, ethical, and/or environmental criteria to inform investment decisions. SRI generally takes three forms: investment screening, shareholder activism, and community economic development. SRI constitutes a relatively small portion of overall

  • Sri Aman (Malaysia)

    Sri Aman, market town and port, East Malaysia (northwestern Borneo), on the Lupar River. Situated in one of the few major agricultural areas of Sarawak, it is a trade centre for timber, oil palms, rubber, and pepper. Sri Aman has an airstrip and a road link to Kuching, 80 miles (129 km)

  • Sri Ganganagar (India)

    Ganganagar, city, extreme northern Rajasthan state, northwestern India. It lies in a level plain of irrigated farmland about 12 miles (19 km) southeast of the Pakistan border. During the 1970s Ganganagar grew rapidly as an agricultural distribution centre. The city has textile, sugar, and rice

  • Sri Indraditya (Thai ruler)

    Sri Indraditya, founder and ruler of the kingdom of Sukhothai, the first independent Tai (Thai) state. Bang Klang Hao headed a petty Tai principality near Sukhothai when, about 1245, he joined with another Tai leader, Pha Muang, to rebel against the governor of Sukhothai, who was a deputy of the

  • Sri Indrapatindraditya (Thai ruler)

    Sri Indraditya, founder and ruler of the kingdom of Sukhothai, the first independent Tai (Thai) state. Bang Klang Hao headed a petty Tai principality near Sukhothai when, about 1245, he joined with another Tai leader, Pha Muang, to rebel against the governor of Sukhothai, who was a deputy of the

  • SRI International (institution, California, United States)

    Douglas Engelbart: …Stanford Research Institute (SRI; now SRI International) in Menlo Park, California.

  • Sri Jayewardenepura Kotte (Sri Lanka)

    Sri Jayewardenepura Kotte, city and legislative capital of Sri Lanka. It is located in the southwestern part of the country, about 5 miles (8 km) southeast of the commercial capital of Colombo, of which it was once a suburb. An urban council governs Sri Jayewardenepura Kotte and the neighbouring

  • Sri Jayewardenepura, University of (university, Sri Lanka)

    Sri Jayewardenepura Kotte: The University of Sri Jayewardenepura, one of Sri Lanka’s premier institutions of higher learning, is located in the city. The university was originally founded in 1873 as Vidyodaya Pirivena, a Buddhist centre of learning, and attained university status in 1958; it took its current name in…

  • Sri Lanka

    Sri Lanka, island country lying in the Indian Ocean and separated from peninsular India by the Palk Strait. It is located between latitudes 5°55′ and 9°51′ N and longitudes 79°41′ and 81°53′ E and has a maximum length of 268 miles (432 km) and a maximum width of 139 miles (224 km). Proximity to the

  • Sri Lanka Freedom Party (political party, Sri Lanka)

    Sinhala Maha Sabha: …establishing in its place the Sri Lanka Freedom Party, which in 1956 defeated the UNP and thrust Bandaranaike into the prime ministership.

  • Sri Lanka Prajatantrika Samajavadi Janarajaya

    Sri Lanka, island country lying in the Indian Ocean and separated from peninsular India by the Palk Strait. It is located between latitudes 5°55′ and 9°51′ N and longitudes 79°41′ and 81°53′ E and has a maximum length of 268 miles (432 km) and a maximum width of 139 miles (224 km). Proximity to the

  • Sri Lanka, flag of

    national flag consisting of a yellow field (background) bearing vertical stripes of green and orange at the hoist and, at the fly end, a crimson rectangle with a sword-wielding lion and four bo leaves. The width-to-length ratio of the flag is 1 to 2.According to legend, Prince Vijaya, founder of

  • Sri Lanka, history of

    Sri Lanka: History: Sri Lanka has had a continuous record of human settlement for more than two millennia, and its civilization has been shaped largely by that of the Indian subcontinent. The island’s two major ethnic groups, the Sinhalese and the Tamils, and its two dominant religions,…

  • Sri Lankan elephant (mammal)

    elephant: maximus sumatranus), and the Sri Lankan (E. maximus maximus). African elephants have much larger ears, which are used to dissipate body heat.

  • Sri Lankan leopard (mammal)

    leopard: Conservation status: …that the populations of the Sri Lankan leopard (P. pardus kotiya) and the Persian leopard (P. pardus saxicolor) were endangered species and the Amur leopard (P. pardus orientalis), Arabian leopard (P. pardus nimr), and Javan leopard (P. pardus melas) continued to decrease, with several of these subspecies

  • Sri Lankan Tamil (people)

    Sri Lanka: Ethnic composition: …Tamil segment comprises two groups—Sri Lankan Tamils (long-settled descendants from southeastern India) and Indian Tamils (recent immigrants from southeastern India, most of whom were migrant workers brought to Sri Lanka under British rule). Slightly more than one-eighth of the total population belongs to the former group. Muslims, who trace…

  • Sri Pada (mountain, Sri Lanka)

    Adam’s Peak, mountain in southwestern Sri Lanka (Ceylon), 7,360 feet (2,243 m) high and 11 miles (18 km) northeast of Ratnapura; it is located in the Sri Lanka hill country. Its conical summit terminates in an oblong platform about 74 by 24 feet (22 by 7 m), on which there is a large hollow

  • Sri Ranganathaswamy Temple (temple, Srirangam, India)

    Srirangam: Its main feature, the Sri Ranganathaswamy Temple, dedicated to the Hindu deity Ranganatha, is primarily Vaishnavite but is also holy to Shaivites. The temple is composed of seven rectangular enclosures, one within the other, the outermost having a perimeter more than 2 miles (3 km) in length. A remarkable…

  • Sri Sarada Math (Indian religious society)

    Ramakrishna Mission: The Sri Sarada Math, begun in Calcutta in 1953, was made a completely separate organization in 1959, following the earlier wishes of Vivekananda; together with its sister organization, the Ramakrishna Sarada Mission, it operates a number of centres in different parts of India. Several Ramakrishna Mission…

  • ?rī-devī (Tibetan Buddhist deity)

    Lha-mo, in Tibetan Buddhism, the only goddess among the “Eight Terrible Ones,” who are defenders of the faith. See

  • Sri-Nathaji (Hinduism)

    Shri-Nathaji, representation of the Hindu god Krishna. It is the major image of devotion for the Vallabhacharya (or Vallabha Sampradaya), a religious sect of India. The image is enshrined in the main temple of the sect at Nathdwara (Rajasthan state), where it is accorded an elaborate service of

  • Srichand (Indian religious leader)

    Udasi: …“Detached Ones”) monastic followers of Srichand (1494–1612?), the elder son of Nanak (1469–1539), the first Guru and the founder of Sikhism. The authoritative text of the Udasi movement is the Matra (“Discipline”), a hymn of 78 verses attributed to Srichand. The Matra emphasizes the need for spiritual elevation, to be…

  • Srīharikota Island (island, India)

    Pulicat Lake: The long and narrow Sriharikota Island, which separates Pulicat Lake from the Bay of Bengal, is the site of Satish Dhawan Space Centre, India’s satellite-launching facility. The only sea entrance into the lake is around the south end of the island, north of the town of Pulicat on the…

  • ?rīharsha (Indian author and poet)

    ?rīharsha, Indian author and epic poet whose Naiadhīyacarita, or Naiadha, is among the most popular mahākāvyas in Sanskrit literature. The details of ?rīharsha’s life are uncertain. Reportedly, when ?rīharsha’s father, a poet in King Vijayacanra’s court in Kannauj, was disgraced in a poetry

  • Srihatta (Bangladesh)

    Sylhet, city, northeastern Bangladesh. It lies along the right bank of the Surma River. The most important town in the Surma River valley, it is connected by road and rail with Comilla, Chhatak, and Habiganj, by road with the states of Assam and Meghalaya (both in India), and by air with Dhaka and

  • Srikakulam (India)

    Srikakulam, city, northeastern Andhra Pradesh state, southern India. The city lies on a low-lying plain along the Nagavali River, about 5 miles (8 km) from the Bay of Bengal. Srikakulam once served as the capital of a Muslim region that was known as the Northern Circārs (Northern Sarkārs). Of

  • Srikanteshwara Temple (temple, Nanjangud, India)

    Nanjangud: The Srikanteshwara, or Nanjundeshwara, Temple, dedicated to the Hindu god Shiva, is an important landmark that attracts thousands of pilgrims annually. One of the biggest temple complexes in Karnataka, it is dotted with a large number of shrines to different deities. In the 17th and 18th…

  • ?rīk???a-kīrtana (poem by Ca??īdās)

    South Asian arts: Bengali: …distinctively Bengali style is the ?rīk???a-kīrtana (“Praise of the Lord Krishna”), a long padāvalī poem by Ca??īdās, which is dated to the early 15th century. In it the poet praises the virtues and celebrates the loves of Krishna, a theme that had remained popular in Bengal ever since its first…

  • ?rīmad Bhagavadgitā-Rahasya (work by Tilak)

    Bal Gangadhar Tilak: Rise to national prominence: …write his magnum opus, the ?rīmad Bhagavadgitā Rahasya (“Secret of the Bhagavadgita”)—also known as Bhagavad Gita or Gita Rahasya—an original exposition of the most-sacred book of the Hindus. Tilak discarded the orthodox interpretation that the Bhagavadgita (a component of the Mahabharata epic poem) taught the ideal of renunciation; in his…

  • Srinagar (summer capital of Jammu and Kashmir, India)

    Srinagar, city, summer capital of Jammu and Kashmir union territory (Jammu is the winter capital), northern India, situated in the Kashmir region of the Indian subcontinent. The city lies along the banks of the Jhelum River at an elevation of 5,200 feet (1,600 metres) in the Vale of Kashmir.

  • ?rīnātha (Indian poet)

    South Asian arts: 14th–19th century: ?rīnātha was a 15th-century poet honoured in many courts for his scholarship, poetry, and polemics. He rendered Sanskrit poems and wrote Haravilāsam (Four ?aiva Tales); Krī?ābhirāmam, a charming, often vulgar account of social life in Warangal; and Palanā?i Vīra Caritra, a popular ballad on a…

  • Srinivas, M. N. (Indian anthropologist)

    anthropology: Anthropology in Asia: …with locally grounded knowledge was M.N. Srinivas. He had studied with Ghurye in Bombay before seeking admission in 1945 for the D.Phil. in social anthropology at Oxford. At Oxford Srinivas first studied with A.R. Radcliffe-Brown and then completed his doctorate under the supervision of Edward Evans-Pritchard. Srinivas adapted the structural-functionalism…

  • ?rīranga I (āravī?u ruler)

    India: Loss of central control: When Tirumala retired, his son Shriranga I (reigned 1572–85) tried to continue the process of rebuilding while struggling to maintain his place among the Muslim sultanates without any support from the major Telugu houses. An invasion by Bijapur was repulsed with the aid of Golconda, but subsequent invasions by Golconda…

  • ?rīranga II (āravī?u ruler)

    India: Breakup of the empire: Venkata’s nephew and successor, Shriranga II, ruled for only four months. He was murdered, along with all but one of the members of his family, by one of the two contending parties of nobles. A long civil war resulted and finally degenerated into a series of smaller wars among…

  • Srirangam (India)

    Srirangam, former city, east-central Tamil Nadu state, southeastern India. It lies on an island at the division of the Kaveri (Cauvery) and Kollidam (Coleroon) rivers and is now incorporated administratively into the nearby city of Tiruchchirappalli. Srirangam is one of the most frequently visited

  • Srirangapatna (India)

    Shrirangapattana, town, south-central Karnataka state, southern India. It is situated at the western end of an island in the Kaveri (Cauvery) River, just north of Mysore. The town is named for its 12th-century temple dedicated to Shri Ranga (the Hindu god Vishnu). It was fortified in the 15th

  • Srisaket (Thailand)

    Sisaket, town, eastern Thailand. Sisaket lies on the railway between Nakhon Ratchasima and Udon Thani. The surrounding area is one of Thailand’s poorest regions; rice and tobacco are the main products. The region borders Cambodia and has a substantial Khmer-speaking population. Pop. (2000)

  • Srivastava, Dhanpat Rai (Indian author)

    Premchand, Indian author of novels and short stories in Hindi and Urdu who pioneered in adapting Indian themes to Western literary styles. Premchand worked as a teacher until 1921, when he joined Mohandas K. Gandhi’s Noncooperation Movement. As a writer, he first gained renown for his Urdu-language

  • Srivijaya empire (historical kingdom, Indonesia)

    Srivijaya empire, maritime and commercial kingdom that flourished between the 7th and the 13th centuries, largely in what is now Indonesia. The kingdom originated in Palembang on the island of Sumatra and soon extended its influence and controlled the Strait of Malacca. Srivijaya’s power was based

  • ?rivijaya-Palembang (historical kingdom, Indonesia)

    Srivijaya empire, maritime and commercial kingdom that flourished between the 7th and the 13th centuries, largely in what is now Indonesia. The kingdom originated in Palembang on the island of Sumatra and soon extended its influence and controlled the Strait of Malacca. Srivijaya’s power was based

  • SRM

    Hermann Oberth: …another location to work on solid-propellant antiaircraft rockets. He spent a year in Switzerland after the war as a rocket consultant, and in 1950 he moved to Italy, where he worked on solid-propellant antiaircraft rockets for the Italian navy. In the United States from 1955, he did advanced space research…

  • sRNA (chemical compound)

    Transfer RNA (tRNA), small molecule in cells that carries amino acids to organelles called ribosomes, where they are linked into proteins. In addition to tRNA there are two other major types of RNA: messenger RNA (mRNA) and ribosomal RNA (rRNA). By 1960 the involvement of tRNAs in the assembly of

  • SROE

    rules of engagement: …recognized rules of engagement are standing ROE (SROE), which refer to situations in which the U.S. is not actually at war and thus seeks to constrain military action, and wartime ROE (WROE), which do not limit military responses to offensive actions.

  • Srong-brtsan-sgam-po (king of Tibet)

    Srong-brtsan-sgam-po, Tibetan king (crowned 629) who extended his dominion to include Nepal and parts of India and China and whose reign marked the beginning of recorded history in Tibet. He commissioned a court scholar to create the Tibetan written language using an Indo-European model for the

  • Srong-btsan- sgam-po (king of Tibet)

    Srong-brtsan-sgam-po, Tibetan king (crowned 629) who extended his dominion to include Nepal and parts of India and China and whose reign marked the beginning of recorded history in Tibet. He commissioned a court scholar to create the Tibetan written language using an Indo-European model for the

  • SRP (molecule)

    cell: The rough endoplasmic reticulum: …RNA molecule known as the signal recognition particle (SRP). The SRP also binds to the ribosome to halt further formation of the protein. The membrane of the ER contains receptor sites that bind the SRP-ribosome complex to the RER membrane. Upon binding, translation resumes, with the SRP dissociating from the…

  • SRP (political party, Germany)

    fascism: Germany: …in July 1944, founded the Socialist Reich Party (Sozialistische Reichspartei; SRP), one of the earliest neofascist parties in Germany. Openly sympathetic to Nazism, the SRP made considerable gains in former Nazi strongholds, and in 1951 it won 11 percent of the vote in regional elections in Lower Saxony. The party…

  • SRP (political party, Cambodia)

    Cambodia: Tensions between the CPP and the opposition: …Funcinpec—as well as with the Sam Rainsy Party (SRP), another opposition party that had won nearly as many seats as Funcinpec in the elections—dragged into 2004, however, and were resolved only by midyear. In October 2004 Sihanouk resigned as king, and his youngest son, Norodom Sihamoni, succeeded him. Sihanouk continued…

  • Srpska Demokratska Stranka (political party, Bosnia and Herzegovina)

    Bosnian War: Background: …however, made cooperation with the Serb Democratic Party, led by Radovan Karad?i?, increasingly difficult.

  • Srpska Napredna Stranka (political party, Serbia)

    Serbia: Independent Serbia: The newly formed Serbian Progressive Party (Srpska Napredna Stranka; SNS), which had split off from the Radicals in 2008, had by 2010 joined the DS in supporting Serbia’s accession to the EU. In March 2010 the Serbian parliament voted to condemn the 1995 Srebrenica massacre of Bosniaks (Bosnian…

  • Srpska Radikalna Stranka (political party, Serbia)

    fascism: Serbia: …the expense of Vojislav Seselj’s Serbian Radical Party (Srpska Radikalna Stranka; SRS), then the largest neofascist party in Serbia. Although the SPS had won 65 percent of the vote in elections to the Serbian assembly in 1990, deteriorating economic conditions and perceived threats to Serbian enclaves in Croatia and Bosnia…

  • Srpski rje?nik (work by Karad?i?)

    Vuk Stefanovi? Karad?i?: …1818 he first published his Srpski rje?nik (“Serbian Lexicon”), a Serbian-German-Latin dictionary containing 26,270 words and many important sidelights on folklore. The second edition (1852), expanded to about 47,000 words, remains a classic. Though there was strong opposition to his reform from the church and from writers, the Serbian government…

  • Srpskohrvatski Jezik

    Serbo-Croatian language, term of convenience used to refer to the forms of speech employed by Serbs, Croats, and other South Slavic groups (such as Montenegrins and Bosniaks, as Muslim Bosnians are known). The term Serbo-Croatian was coined in 1824 by German dictionary maker and folklorist Jacob

  • SRR (physics)

    metamaterial: …as metallic wire arrays and split-ring resonators (SRRs), proposed by English physicist John Pendry in the 1990s and now widely adopted. By adjusting the spacing and size of the elements in metallic wire arrays, a material’s electric permittivity (a measure of the tendency of the electric charge within the material…

  • SRS (political party, Serbia)

    fascism: Serbia: …the expense of Vojislav Seselj’s Serbian Radical Party (Srpska Radikalna Stranka; SRS), then the largest neofascist party in Serbia. Although the SPS had won 65 percent of the vote in elections to the Serbian assembly in 1990, deteriorating economic conditions and perceived threats to Serbian enclaves in Croatia and Bosnia…

  • SRSP (political party, Somalia)

    Somalia: Constitutional framework: …one legal political party, the Somali Revolutionary Socialist Party, and various socialist-style mass organizations existed.

  • ?ruti (music)

    ?ruti, (Sanskrit: “heard”), in the music of India and Pakistan, the smallest tonal interval that can be perceived. The octave, in Indian theory, is divided into 22 ?rutis. The division is not precisely equal, but these microtonal units may be compared to Western quarter tones, of which there are 24

  • ?rzednicki, Boles?aw Ryszard (Polish-born director)

    Richard Boleslavsky, motion-picture and stage director who introduced the Stanislavsky method of acting to the United States. He directed such popular American films of the 1930s as Rasputin and the Empress (1932), Les Misérables (1935), and Theodora Goes Wild (1936). Boleslavsky first acted

  • SS (corps of Nazi Party)

    SS, the black-uniformed elite corps and self-described “political soldiers” of the Nazi Party. Founded by Adolf Hitler in April 1925 as a small personal bodyguard, the SS grew with the success of the Nazi movement and, gathering immense police and military powers, became virtually a state within a

  • SS Cygni star (astronomy)

    U Geminorum star, any of a class of irregular variable stars that display sudden increases in brightness so great that they are sometimes called dwarf novae. Some have been observed to brighten by as much as 5 magnitudes (100 times) in a period of hours. The prototype star, U Geminorum, brightens

  • SS Edmund Fitzgerald (ship)

    Edmund Fitzgerald, American freighter that sank during a storm on November 10, 1975, in Lake Superior, killing all 29 aboard. Its mysterious demise inspired Gordon Lightfoot’s hit song “The Wreck of the Edmund Fitzgerald” (1976), which helped make it the most famous shipwreck in the Great Lakes. In

  • SS Lazio (Italian football team)

    Giorgio Chinaglia: …a member (1969–76) of Rome’s SS Lazio. He helped the team to its first Serie A championship in the 1973–74 season while leading the league in goals scored. (Overall he scored 98 goals in 209 matches.)

  • SS St. Louis (German ocean liner)

    MS St. Louis, German ocean liner that gained international attention in May–June 1939 when Cuba, the United States, and Canada denied entry to its more than 900 Jewish passengers, most of whom had fled Nazi Germany. Ultimately, several European countries took the refugees, though 255 of the

  • SS-1 Scud (missile)

    20th-century international relations: UN coalition and ultimatum: …neutral Israel, firing 39 Soviet-made Scud surface-to-surface missiles at Tel Aviv and Jerusalem. Most fell harmlessly, none contained the poison gas warheads Hussein had threatened to use, and after the first days many were destroyed in flight by American Patriot antimissile missiles. Furthermore, Hussein’s purpose in launching the Scuds at…

  • SS-10 (missile)

    rocket and missile system: Antitank and guided assault: …German technology and developed the SS-10/SS-11 family of missiles. The SS-11 was adopted by the United States as an interim helicopter-fired antitank missile pending the development of the TOW (for tube-launched, optically tracked, wire-guided) missile. Because it was designed for greater range and hitting power, TOW was mounted primarily on…

Your preference has been recorded
Check out Britannica's new site for parents!
Subscribe Today!
色色影院-色色影院app下载