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  • Stanley, Mount (mountain, Africa)

    Mount Stanley, part of the Ruwenzori Range on the border between the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Uganda, in east- central Africa. Stanley contains 9 of the 10 peaks that rise above 16,000 feet (4,900 metres), including the highest in the range, Margherita Peak (16,762 feet [5,109 metres]).

  • Stanley, Owsley (American audio engineer)

    Owsley Stanley , (Augustus Owsley Stanley III), American audio engineer (born Jan. 19, 1935, Kentucky—died March 13, 2011, near Mareeba, Queens., Australia), achieved legendary status during the psychedelic era of the late 1960s as the music industry’s premier supplier of LSD. He gained experience

  • Stanley, Ralph (American musician)

    Ralph Stanley, American banjo player and singer who was a pioneer in post-World War II bluegrass and a leading figure in the early 21st-century revival of interest in that music genre. Stanley grew up in the mountains of far southwestern Virginia, where his mother taught him to play the banjo in

  • Stanley, Ralph Edmond (American musician)

    Ralph Stanley, American banjo player and singer who was a pioneer in post-World War II bluegrass and a leading figure in the early 21st-century revival of interest in that music genre. Stanley grew up in the mountains of far southwestern Virginia, where his mother taught him to play the banjo in

  • Stanley, Sir Henry Morton (British explorer)

    Henry Morton Stanley, British American explorer of central Africa, famous for his rescue of the Scottish missionary and explorer David Livingstone and for his discoveries in and development of the Congo region. He was knighted in 1899. Stanley’s parents, John Rowlands and Elizabeth Parry, gave

  • Stanley, Sir John (British lord)

    Isle of Man: …crown granted the island to Sir John Stanley, and his family ruled it almost uninterruptedly until 1736. (The Stanleys refused to be called “kings” and instead adopted the title “lord of Mann,” which still holds.) The lordship of Man passed to the dukes of Atholl in 1736, but, in the…

  • Stanley, Thomas (English poet)

    Thomas Stanley, English poet, translator, and the first English historian of philosophy. Stanley was the son of Sir Thomas Stanley, himself the grandson of Thomas Stanley, a natural son of Edward Stanley, 3rd Earl of Derby. The younger Stanley was educated by William Fairfax, son of the translator

  • Stanley, Wendell Meredith (American biochemist)

    Wendell Meredith Stanley, American biochemist who received (with John Northrop and James Sumner) the Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 1946 for his work in the purification and crystallization of viruses, thus demonstrating their molecular structure. Stanley obtained his doctorate from the University of

  • Stanleyville (Democratic Republic of the Congo)

    Kisangani, city, northeastern Democratic Republic of the Congo. The city lies along the Congo River, just below the Boyoma (formerly Stanley) Falls. It is the country’s major inland port after Kinshasa. The Boyoma Falls, consisting of seven cataracts, impede river navigation above Kisangani for

  • Stann Creek (Belize)

    Dangriga, town, east-central Belize, at the mouth of the 20-mile- (32-km-) long North Stann Creek on the Caribbean coast. It was founded in 1823 by Garifuna refugees from Honduras (descendants of Carib Indians and Africans exiled from British colonies in the eastern Caribbean in the 18th century).

  • Stanner, W.E.H. (Australian anthropologist)

    W.E.H. Stanner, Australian anthropologist who helped found the Australian Institute of Aboriginal Studies (now the Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies) in Canberra. After studying anthropology and economics at the London School of Economics and Political Science

  • Stanner, William Edward Hanley (Australian anthropologist)

    W.E.H. Stanner, Australian anthropologist who helped found the Australian Institute of Aboriginal Studies (now the Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies) in Canberra. After studying anthropology and economics at the London School of Economics and Political Science

  • stannite (mineral)

    Stannite, a sulfide mineral, chemical formula Cu2FeSnS4, that is an ore of tin. It is ordinarily found associated with other sulfide minerals in tin veins, as at Cornwall, England; Zeehan, Tasmania; and Bolivia. Stannite is a member of the chalcopyrite group of sulfides. Stannite crystals have

  • Stannius, corpuscles of (fish anatomy)

    hormone: Endocrine-like glands and secretions: The corpuscles of Stannius, found only in bony fishes, are sac-like bodies in the kidney. Although they were once thought to be a form of adrenocortical tissue, they differ from it in embryological origin as well as in cytological characteristics; moreover, although the corpuscles of Stannius…

  • Stannius, Friedrich Hermann (German zoologist)

    Carl Theodor Ernst von Siebold: …the work on invertebrates and Friedrich Hermann Stannius did the work on vertebrates, in the book on which they collaborated, Lehrbuch der vergleichenden Anatomie (1846; “Textbook of Comparative Anatomy”), one of the first important texts in comparative anatomy. The book was notable in being based on solid, factual observation and…

  • Stannus, Edris (Irish-born British dancer)

    Dame Ninette de Valois, Irish-born British dancer, choreographer, and founder of the company that in October 1956 became the Royal Ballet. She was influential in establishing ballet in England. After study with Enrico Cecchetti and varied experience as a dancer in pantomime, revues, and opera, de

  • Stanovoj Range (mountains, Russia)

    Stanovoy Range, mountain range along the boundary between Amur oblast (province) and Sakha, Russia. It trends east to west, linking the mountains of Transbaikalia to the Dzhugdzhur Mountains, and is part of the watershed between the Pacific and Arctic oceans, separating the Lena River basin to the

  • Stanovoy Khrebet (mountains, Russia)

    Stanovoy Range, mountain range along the boundary between Amur oblast (province) and Sakha, Russia. It trends east to west, linking the mountains of Transbaikalia to the Dzhugdzhur Mountains, and is part of the watershed between the Pacific and Arctic oceans, separating the Lena River basin to the

  • Stanovoy Mountains (mountains, Russia)

    Stanovoy Range, mountain range along the boundary between Amur oblast (province) and Sakha, Russia. It trends east to west, linking the mountains of Transbaikalia to the Dzhugdzhur Mountains, and is part of the watershed between the Pacific and Arctic oceans, separating the Lena River basin to the

  • Stanovoy Range (mountains, Russia)

    Stanovoy Range, mountain range along the boundary between Amur oblast (province) and Sakha, Russia. It trends east to west, linking the mountains of Transbaikalia to the Dzhugdzhur Mountains, and is part of the watershed between the Pacific and Arctic oceans, separating the Lena River basin to the

  • Stans (Switzerland)

    Stans, capital of Nidwalden Halbkanton (demicanton), central Switzerland, southeast of Lucerne. First mentioned in 1172, it was the scene in 1481 of the Diet of Stans. Stans was stormed by the French in 1798, when it revolted against the Helvetic Republic, and educator Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi

  • Stans, Diet of (Swiss history)

    Diet of Stans, (Dec. 22, 1481), agreement whereby civil war among the member states of the Swiss Confederation was averted. When the five rural cantons of the federation—Uri, Schwyz, Unterwalden, Zug, and Glarus—concluded a treaty of common citizenship between themselves and the bishopric of

  • Stans, Maurice Hubert (American accountant and government official)

    Maurice Hubert Stans, American accountant and politician whose fund-raising successes gained him the post of secretary of commerce during Pres. Richard M. Nixon’s first term but led to his disgrace during the Watergate scandal (b. March 22, 1908, Shakopee, Minn.--d. April 14, 1998, Pasadena,

  • Stansfield, Grace (British comedienne)

    Dame Gracie Fields, English music-hall comedienne. In music halls from childhood, Fields gained fame playing the role of Sally Perkins in a touring revue called Mr. Tower of London (1918–25). She became tremendously popular in Great Britain with an act composed of low-comedy songs, such as “The

  • Stansgate of Stansgate, Anthony Benn, 2nd Viscount (British politician)

    Tony Benn, British politician, member of the Labour Party, and, from the 1970s, unofficial leader of the party’s radical populist left. Though a fierce critic of the British class system, Benn came from a moneyed and privileged family himself. Both of his grandfathers had been members of

  • Stansted Airport (airport, London, United Kingdom)

    airport: Remote pier designs: …design of the terminal at Stansted Airport near London incorporates this concept.

  • Stanthorpe (Queensland, Australia)

    Stanthorpe, town, southeastern Queensland, eastern Australia, near the New South Wales border. Tin, discovered in 1872 in the locality, led to the development of the town, which was first called Stannum (from the Latin, meaning “tin”). Lead and silver were found in 1880, and Stanthorpe was gazetted

  • stantipes (dance)

    estampie: …or merely related to, the stantipes, a dance mentioned in the 13th century, is debated by scholars.

  • Stanton, Alysa (American rabbi)

    Alysa Stanton, American rabbi who on June 6, 2009, became the first female African American to be so ordained. Though the Reform and Conservative movements in Judaism had begun ordaining women rabbis in the 1970s and ’80s, Stanton’s ordination drew national attention to the growing number of

  • Stanton, Andrew (American director, writer, animator, actor, and producer)
  • Stanton, Edward (British sculptor)

    Western sculpture: England: …as represented by Francis Bird, Edward Stanton, and even the internationally renowned woodcarver Grinling Gibbons remained unexceptional. It was not until John Michael Rysbrack from Antwerp settled in England in c. 1720, followed by the Frenchman Louis-Fran?ois Roubillac in c. 1732, that two sculptors of European stature were active in…

  • Stanton, Edwin M. (United States statesman)

    Edwin M. Stanton, secretary of war who, under Pres. Abraham Lincoln, tirelessly presided over the giant Union military establishment during most of the American Civil War (1861–65). Admitted to the Ohio bar in 1836, Stanton became a highly successful attorney. In 1847 he moved to Pittsburgh and

  • Stanton, Edwin McMasters (United States statesman)

    Edwin M. Stanton, secretary of war who, under Pres. Abraham Lincoln, tirelessly presided over the giant Union military establishment during most of the American Civil War (1861–65). Admitted to the Ohio bar in 1836, Stanton became a highly successful attorney. In 1847 he moved to Pittsburgh and

  • Stanton, Elizabeth Cady (American suffragist)

    Elizabeth Cady Stanton, American leader in the women’s rights movement who in 1848 formulated the first organized demand for woman suffrage in the United States. Elizabeth Cady received a superior education at home, at the Johnstown Academy, and at Emma Willard’s Troy Female Seminary, from which

  • Stanton, Frank (American radio and television executive)

    Frank Stanton, innovative American radio and television executive, who was president of the Columbia Broadcasting System (CBS) from 1946 to 1971. Stanton grew up in Dayton, Ohio, and attended Ohio Wesleyan University (B.A., 1930) and Ohio State University (M.A., 1932; Ph.D., 1935). His doctoral

  • Stanton, Frank Nicholas (American radio and television executive)

    Frank Stanton, innovative American radio and television executive, who was president of the Columbia Broadcasting System (CBS) from 1946 to 1971. Stanton grew up in Dayton, Ohio, and attended Ohio Wesleyan University (B.A., 1930) and Ohio State University (M.A., 1932; Ph.D., 1935). His doctoral

  • Stanton, Gertrude (American photographer)

    Gertrude K?sebier, American portrait photographer who was one of the founders of the influential Photo-Secession group and who is best known for her evocative images of women and domestic scenes. In 1864 her family moved to Brooklyn, New York. Ten years later Gertrude Stanton married Eduard

  • Stanton, Harriot Eaton (American suffragist)

    Harriot Eaton Stanton Blatch, leader in the woman suffrage movement in the United States. Harriot Stanton was a daughter of Elizabeth Cady Stanton and early absorbed a reformer’s zeal from her and from her father, Henry B. Stanton, an abolitionist, a politician, and a journalist. She graduated from

  • Stanton, Henry B. (American journalist and politician)

    Harriot Eaton Stanton Blatch: …her and from her father, Henry B. Stanton, an abolitionist, a politician, and a journalist. She graduated from Vassar College in 1878. After a year at the Boston School of Oratory and another traveling in Europe, she assisted her mother and Susan B. Anthony in completing their History of Woman…

  • Stanwix, Fort (fort, Rome, New York, United States)

    Rome: Fort Stanwix (1758), which replaced two previous forts there, was where two important treaties (1768, 1784) were negotiated between Native Americans and colonialists; the fort has been reconstructed as a national monument. The Battle of Oriskany (August 6, 1777) which stopped the British advance during…

  • Stanwyck, Barbara (American actress)

    Barbara Stanwyck, American motion-picture and television actress who played a wide variety of roles in more than 80 films but was best in dramatic parts as a strong-willed, independent woman of complex character. Stanwyck was effectively orphaned as a small child when her mother died and her father

  • Stanyslaviv (Ukraine)

    Ivano-Frankivsk, city, western Ukraine. It lies along the Bystritsa River just above its confluence with the Dniester River. Founded in 1662 as the Polish town of Stanis?awów (Ukrainian: Stanyslaviv), it occupied an important position on the northern approach to the Yablonitsky Pass over the

  • stanza (literature)

    Stanza, a division of a poem consisting of two or more lines arranged together as a unit. More specifically, a stanza usually is a group of lines arranged together in a recurring pattern of metrical lengths and a sequence of rhymes. The structure of a stanza (also called a strophe or stave) is

  • Stanza d’Elidoro (Vatican Palace, Rome, Italy)

    Raphael: Last years in Rome: …in the second room, the Stanza d’Eliodoro, portray specific miraculous events in the history of the Christian church. The four principal subjects are The Expulsion of Heliodorus from the Temple, The Mass at Bolsena, The Liberation of St. Peter, and Leo I Halting Attila. These frescoes are deeper and richer…

  • Stanza d’Eliodoro (Vatican Palace, Rome, Italy)

    Raphael: Last years in Rome: …in the second room, the Stanza d’Eliodoro, portray specific miraculous events in the history of the Christian church. The four principal subjects are The Expulsion of Heliodorus from the Temple, The Mass at Bolsena, The Liberation of St. Peter, and Leo I Halting Attila. These frescoes are deeper and richer…

  • Stanza della Segnatura (Vatican Palace, Rome, Italy)

    Raphael: Last years in Rome: The decoration of the Stanza della Segnatura was perhaps Raphael’s greatest work. Julius II was a highly cultured man who surrounded himself with the most illustrious personalities of the Renaissance. He entrusted Bramante with the construction of a new basilica of St. Peter to replace the original 4th-century church;…

  • Stanze cominciate per la giostra del Magnifico Giuliano de’ Medici (poem by Poliziano)

    Poliziano: …vernacular poem in ottava rima, Stanze cominciate per la giostra del Magnifico Giuliano de’ Medici (“Stanzas Begun for the Tournament of the Magnificent Giuliano de’ Medici”), composed between 1475 and 1478, which is one of the great works of Italian literature. In it he was able to synthesize the grandeur…

  • Stanze per la giostra (poem by Poliziano)

    Poliziano: …vernacular poem in ottava rima, Stanze cominciate per la giostra del Magnifico Giuliano de’ Medici (“Stanzas Begun for the Tournament of the Magnificent Giuliano de’ Medici”), composed between 1475 and 1478, which is one of the great works of Italian literature. In it he was able to synthesize the grandeur…

  • stanze, Le (work by Pindemonte)

    Ippolito Pindemonte: …a volume of Arcadian verse, Le stanze (1779), and one of lyrics, Poesie campestri (1788; “Rural Poetry”). Both showed a sensitivity to nature and the influence of the contemporary English poets Thomas Gray and Edward Young. A stay in Paris inspired the poem “La Francia” (1789) and a prose satire…

  • Stanzione, Massimo (Italian painter)

    Western painting: Early and High Baroque in Italy: …native painters of the period, Massimo Stanzione and Bernardo Cavallino, both died in the disastrous plague of 1654.

  • stapedectomy (surgery)

    human ear: Function of the ossicular chain: …fixed stapes is removed (stapedectomy) and replaced by a tiny artificial stapes can normal hearing be approached. Fortunately, operations performed on the middle ear have been perfected so that defects causing conductive impairment often can be corrected and a useful level of hearing restored.

  • stapedius (anatomy)

    human ear: Muscles: …shorter, stouter muscle, called the stapedius, arises from the back wall of the middle-ear cavity and extends forward and attaches to the neck of the head of the stapes. Its reflex contractions tend to tip the stapes backward, as if to pull it out of the oval window. Thus, it…

  • Stapelia (plant, genus Stapelia)

    Carrion flower, (genus Stapelia), genus of about 44 species of succulent plants of the milkweed family (Apocynaceae), native to tropical areas of southern Africa. They are named for the unpleasant carrion odour of their large flowers, which attracts flies to pollinate the plants and lay their eggs

  • Stapelia (plant genus)

    Asclepiadoideae: Huernia, and carrion flower (Stapelia)—produce odours that humans find offensive but which attract flies to pollinate the plants. The ant plant (Dischidia rafflesiana) is uniquely adapted with hollow inflated leaves filled with root structures. The leaves can store rainwater or, if punctured, form a suitable nesting chamber for symbiotic…

  • stapes (anatomy)

    ear bone: …incus, or anvil, and the stapes, or stirrup. Together they form a short chain that crosses the middle ear and transmits vibrations caused by sound waves from the eardrum membrane to the liquid of the inner ear. The malleus resembles a club more than a hammer, whereas the incus looks…

  • Staphylea (plant)

    Bladdernut, any shrub or small tree of the genus Staphylea of the family Staphyleaceae. All of the 10–15 known species occur in the North Temperate Zone. The commonest species usually grow to about 3.5–4.5 m (12–15 feet) tall. The trees are admired more for their handsome green foliage than for

  • Staphyleaceae (plant family)

    Crossosomatales: Most members of Staphyleaceae, or the bladdernut family, are deciduous trees restricted to the northern temperate region, but some species range as far south as Bolivia and Malaysia. Staphylea (bladdernut) consists of 11 species in the temperate region and is often cultivated. Turpinia, with at least 10 species,…

  • Staphylinidae (insect)

    Rove beetle, (family Staphylinidae), any member of a family of numerous widely distributed insects in the order Coleoptera that are known for their usually elongated, slender bodies, their short elytra (wing covers), and their association with decaying organic matter. With an estimated 46,000 to

  • Staphylinoidea (insect superfamily)

    coleopteran: Annotated classification: Superfamily Staphylinoidea Very large group; antennae with last 3 segments rarely club-shaped; outer skeleton rarely very hard, shiny; wing veins M (media) and Cu (cubitus) not connected; elytron truncate, usually more than 2 abdominal segments exposed. Family Agyrtidae (primitive carrion beetles) Scavengers of decaying organic

  • Staphylinus caesareus (insect)

    Rove beetle, (family Staphylinidae), any member of a family of numerous widely distributed insects in the order Coleoptera that are known for their usually elongated, slender bodies, their short elytra (wing covers), and their association with decaying organic matter. With an estimated 46,000 to

  • Staphylinus olens (insect)

    rove beetle: …largest species, such as the devil’s coachhorse (Staphylinus olens), are usually no more than 25 mm (1 inch). The short, thick elytra protect the second, fully developed pair of flying wings. These functional wings can be unfolded rapidly from under the elytra when the beetle is ready for flight. They…

  • Staphylococcus (bacteria genus)

    Staphylococcus, (genus Staphylococcus), group of spherical bacteria, the best-known species of which are universally present in great numbers on the mucous membranes and skin of humans and other warm-blooded animals. The term staphylococcus, generally used for all the species, refers to the cells’

  • Staphylococcus aureus (bacterium)

    antibiotic: Penicillins: …decreased activity, however, against penicillinase-producing Staphylococcus aureus, a common bacterial agent in food poisoning.

  • Staphylococcus epidermidis (bacterium)

    staphylococcus: aureus and S. epidermidis. While S. epidermidis is a mild pathogen, opportunistic only in people with lowered resistance, strains of S. aureus are major agents of wound infections, boils, and other human skin infections and are one of the most common causes of food poisoning. S. aureus…

  • Staphylococcus saprophyticus (bacterium)

    urinary tract infection: Causes: …bacterial cause of UTI is Staphylococcus saprophyticus, which normally occurs on the skin of some humans. Bacteria that are rare causes of UTIs but that may be involved in severe infections include Proteus mirabilis and organisms in the genera Klebsiella, Mycoplasma, Enterococcus, Pseudomonas, and Serratia. In rare cases,

  • staple (textile)

    man-made fibre: Solution spinning: …to 6 inches) known as staple. A spindle that has been fully wound with continuous fibre is called a package.

  • staple fibre (textile)

    man-made fibre: Solution spinning: …to 6 inches) known as staple. A spindle that has been fully wound with continuous fibre is called a package.

  • Staple Singers, the (American music group)

    The Staple Singers, American vocal group that was one of the most successful gospel-to-pop crossover acts ever, collecting several Top 20 hits in the early 1970s. The members included Roebuck (“Pops”) Staples (b. December 28, 1914, Winona, Mississippi, U.S.—d. December 19, 2000, Dolton, Illinois),

  • Staple, Company of the Merchants of the (English merchant group)

    Merchants Staplers, company of English merchants who controlled the export of English wool from the late 13th century through the 16th century. English wool exports were concentrated in one town (called the staple) in order to minimize the problems of collecting the export duties. The location of

  • staple, surgical

    therapeutics: Wound treatment: Staples permit faster closure of the skin but are less precise than sutures. When the edges can be brought together easily and without tension, tape is very useful. Although it is comfortable, easy to apply, and avoids the marks left by sutures, tape may come…

  • Stapledon, Olaf (British writer)

    Olaf Stapledon, English novelist and philosopher whose “histories of the future” are a major influence on contemporary science fiction. A pacifist, Stapledon served with a Friends’ ambulance unit in World War I and was awarded the Croix de Guerre. He received a Ph.D. in philosophy and psychology

  • Stapledon, Sir George (English agriculturalist)

    Sir George Stapledon, British agriculturalist and pioneer in the development of grassland science. Stapledon graduated in 1904 from the University of Cambridge and returned there in 1906 to begin a study of plant sciences. In 1910 he was appointed to the staff of the Royal Agricultural College,

  • Stapledon, Sir Reginald George (English agriculturalist)

    Sir George Stapledon, British agriculturalist and pioneer in the development of grassland science. Stapledon graduated in 1904 from the University of Cambridge and returned there in 1906 to begin a study of plant sciences. In 1910 he was appointed to the staff of the Royal Agricultural College,

  • Stapledon, William Olaf (British writer)

    Olaf Stapledon, English novelist and philosopher whose “histories of the future” are a major influence on contemporary science fiction. A pacifist, Stapledon served with a Friends’ ambulance unit in World War I and was awarded the Croix de Guerre. He received a Ph.D. in philosophy and psychology

  • Staples, Cleedy (American singer)

    Cleotha Staples, (“Cleedy”), American singer (born April 11, 1934, Drew, Miss.—died Feb. 21, 2013, Chicago, Ill.), contributed a distinctive soprano twang to the harmonies of the Staple Singers, a family gospel group that included other siblings and featured the lead vocals of her father, Roebuck

  • Staples, Cleotha (American singer)

    Cleotha Staples, (“Cleedy”), American singer (born April 11, 1934, Drew, Miss.—died Feb. 21, 2013, Chicago, Ill.), contributed a distinctive soprano twang to the harmonies of the Staple Singers, a family gospel group that included other siblings and featured the lead vocals of her father, Roebuck

  • Staples, Mavis (American singer)

    Mavis Staples, American gospel and soul singer who was an integral part of the Staple Singers as well as a successful solo artist. At age 11, Staples joined the Staple Singers, a family gospel-singing group led by her father, Roebuck (“Pops”) Staples. As a high school graduate in 1957, she had

  • Staples, Pops (American gospel singer)

    Roebuck Staples, (“Pops”), American gospel singer (born Dec. 28, 1915, Winona, Miss.—died Dec. 19, 2000, Dolton, Ill.), formed (1948) and headed the resilient Staple Singers, which featured his children; the group performed in Chicago churches before recording rhythm-and-blues hits (“Uncloudy D

  • Staples, Roebuck (American gospel singer)

    Roebuck Staples, (“Pops”), American gospel singer (born Dec. 28, 1915, Winona, Miss.—died Dec. 19, 2000, Dolton, Ill.), formed (1948) and headed the resilient Staple Singers, which featured his children; the group performed in Chicago churches before recording rhythm-and-blues hits (“Uncloudy D

  • Staples, Yvonne (American singer)

    the Staple Singers: November 1935, near Drew), and Yvonne Staples (b. October 23, 1937, Chicago—d. April 10, 2018, Chicago).

  • Stapleton, Jean (American actress)

    Jean Stapleton, (Jeanne Murray), American actress (born Jan. 19, 1923, New York, N.Y.—died May 31, 2013, New York City), portrayed (1971–79) sweet-natured, gullible housewife Edith Bunker, who, as the ditzy spouse of right-wing bigot Archie Bunker (Carroll O’Connor), evolved into a self-respecting

  • Stapleton, Lois Maureen (American actress)

    Maureen Stapleton, (Maureen Lois Stapleton), American actress (born June 21, 1925, Troy, N.Y.—died March 13, 2006, Lenox, Mass.), was one of only a few performers to win the three major American show business honours—the Academy Award, the Tony Award, and the Emmy Award. She won her first Tony for

  • Stapleton, Maureen (American actress)

    Maureen Stapleton, (Maureen Lois Stapleton), American actress (born June 21, 1925, Troy, N.Y.—died March 13, 2006, Lenox, Mass.), was one of only a few performers to win the three major American show business honours—the Academy Award, the Tony Award, and the Emmy Award. She won her first Tony for

  • Stapulensis, Johannes Faber (French humanist and theologian)

    Jacques Lefèvre d’étaples, outstanding French humanist, theologian, and translator whose scholarship stimulated scriptural studies during the Protestant Reformation. Ordained a priest, Lefèvre taught philosophy in Paris from about 1490 to 1507. During visits to Italy in 1492 and 1500, he studied

  • Star (British newspaper)

    history of publishing: Great Britain: In 1888 the halfpenny evening Star was launched by the Irish nationalist politician T.P. O’Connor. Aiming at a wider public than any previous newspaper, the Star incorporated short, lively news items of human interest in a bold, attractive display. The new paper also gave good racing tips, thus endearing it…

  • Star (American tabloid)

    Rupert Murdoch: Acquisitions: News of the World, The Sun, and The Times: …national weekly sensationalist tabloid, the Star, and in 1976 he purchased the afternoon tabloid New York Post, but in the late 1980s he sold both, profitably; he repurchased the Post in 1993. He also purchased the Boston Herald American from the Hearst Corporation in 1982 and changed the name to…

  • star (astronomy)

    Star, any massive self-luminous celestial body of gas that shines by radiation derived from its internal energy sources. Of the tens of billions of trillions of stars composing the observable universe, only a very small percentage are visible to the naked eye. Many stars occur in pairs, multiple

  • star (telephone button)

    telephone: Push-button dialing: …two more buttons, bearing the star (*) and pound (#) symbols, to accommodate various data services and customer-controlled calling features. Each of the rows and columns is assigned a tone of a specific frequency, the columns having higher-frequency tones and the rows having tones of lower frequency. When a button…

  • Star 80 (film by Fosse [1983])

    Bob Fosse: Later work: Fosse’s last picture was Star 80 (1983), a biopic of Dorothy Stratten, a Playboy magazine model whose nascent acting career ended when her husband, Paul Snider, brutally murdered her after she left him and began an affair with film director Peter Bogdanovich. Although some argued that Mariel Hemingway was…

  • star anise (plant and spice)

    Star anise, dry fruits of the star anise tree (Illicium verum), used as a spice and source of pharmaceutical chemicals. The plant is indigenous to the southeastern part of China and to Vietnam. The flavour and uses of the fruit are similar to those of anise (Pimpinella anisum), to which is it is

  • star apple (plant)

    Star apple, (Chrysophyllum cainito), tropical American tree, of the sapodilla family (Sapotaceae), native to the West Indies and Central America. It is cultivated for its edible fruit, which is the size and shape of an apple and is named for the star-shaped core. The surface of the fruit is firm

  • star atlas

    Astronomical map, any cartographic representation of the stars, galaxies, or surfaces of the planets and the Moon. Modern maps of this kind are based on a coordinate system analogous to geographic latitude and longitude. In most cases, modern maps are compiled from photographic observations made

  • Star Band de Dakar (music group)

    Youssou N'Dour: …N’Dour joined the regionally popular Star Band de Dakar. That group, with its incorporation of the Senegalese tama (talking drum) and Wolof and Malinke songs into the popular music repertoire, was a pioneer of the music genre that eventually became known as mbalax.

  • Star Called Henry, A (novel by Doyle)

    Roddy Doyle: A Star Called Henry (1999) centres on an Irish Republican Army (IRA) soldier named Henry Smart and his adventures during the Easter Rising. Smart’s further adventures were detailed in Oh, Play That Thing (2004), which follows him as he journeys through the United States, and…

  • star catalog (astronomy)

    Star catalog, list of stars, usually according to position and magnitude (brightness) and, in some cases, other properties (e.g., spectral type) as well. Numerous catalogs and star atlases have been made, some of fundamental importance to stellar astronomy. A star may well appear in several

  • Star Chamber (English law)

    Star Chamber, in English law, the court made up of judges and privy councillors that grew out of the medieval king’s council as a supplement to the regular justice of the common-law courts. It achieved great popularity under Henry VIII for its ability to enforce the law when other courts were

  • Star City (training centre, Russia)

    Sergey Konstantinovich Krikalyov: …be the head of the Yury Gagarin Cosmonaut Training Centre in Star City, Russia.

  • star cluster (astronomy)

    Star cluster, either of two general types of stellar assemblages held together by the mutual gravitational attraction of its members, which are physically related through common origin. The two types are open (formerly called galactic) clusters and globular clusters. Open clusters contain from a

  • star connection (electronics)

    electric generator: Phases: This connection is called a star, or wye, connection. Alternatively, since the three winding voltages also sum to zero at every instant, the three windings can be connected in series—a′ to b, b′ to c, and c′ to a—to form a delta connection. The output can then be transmitted using…

  • star cucumber (plant)

    bur cucumber: …(Sicyos angulatus), known also as star cucumber, is native to North America and is considered a noxious agricultural weed.

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