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  • Storming of the Winter Palace, The (play)

    theatre: Political festivals: …these were presented, climaxing in The Storming of the Winter Palace, directed by Evreinov, with the help of the directors of the other spectacles. The performers numbered more than 8,000, and the spectators have been estimated at 100,000. A 500-piece orchestra provided accompaniment. The spectacle reenacted the events leading up…

  • Stormont (Northern Ireland, United Kingdom)

    Stormont, eastern suburb of Belfast, seat of the government of Northern Ireland. Located on an estate of 300 acres (120 hectares), it includes the Parliament Buildings and Stormont House, which once served as the official residence of the prime minister of Northern Ireland. The Parliament Buildings

  • Stormovik (Soviet aircraft)

    Ilyushin Il-2, single-seat assault bomber that was a mainstay of the Soviet air force during World War II. The Il-2 is generally considered the finest ground-attack aircraft produced by any nation during World War II. It was designed by Sergey Ilyushin beginning in 1938 and went into production in

  • Storms, Cape of (promontory, South Africa)

    Cape of Good Hope, rocky promontory at the southern end of Cape Peninsula, Western Cape province, South Africa. It was first sighted by the Portuguese navigator Bartolomeu Dias in 1488 on his return voyage to Portugal after ascertaining the southern limits of the African continent. One historical

  • Stormy Isles: An Azorean Tale (novel by Nemésio)

    Portuguese literature: From monarchy to republic: Stormy Isles: An Azorean Tale) is considered one of the best novels of the mid-20th century. Jorge de Sena was an engineer by profession who lived in exile in Brazil (1959–65) and the United States (1965–78). His work as a critic reflected his encyclopaedic mind…

  • Stormy Weather (film by Stone, 1943)

    Lena Horne: Her role in the film Stormy Weather (1943) included her rendition of the title song, which became her trademark. A remarkably charismatic entertainer, Horne was one of the most popular singers of her time. One of her albums, Lena Horne at the Waldorf-Astoria (1957), was a longtime best seller, and…

  • Stormy Weather (song by Arlen and Koehler)

    Ethel Waters: …identified with “Dinah” and “Stormy Weather.”

  • Storni, Alfonsina (Argentine writer)

    Alfonsina Storni, one of the foremost poets in Latin American literature. Storni’s family immigrated to Argentina in 1896. Forced to earn her living at an early age, Storni joined a theatrical troupe and later taught school in the rural areas of Argentina. In 1912 she bore a child out of wedlock

  • Stornoway (Scotland, United Kingdom)

    Stornoway, burgh and largest town and port of the Outer Hebrides islands of Scotland. It is the chief town of Lewis, on the island of Lewis and Harris. It is part of the Western Isles council area and the historic county of Ross-shire in the historic region of Ross and Cromarty. The quickest sea

  • Storr, Charles Anthony (British psychiatrist)

    Anthony Storr, British psychiatrist (born May 18, 1920, London, Eng.—died March 17, 2001, Oxford, Eng.), made psychiatric concepts accessible to the public in a dozen lucid, jargon-free books and as a prominent figure on radio and television. Storr trained in the tradition of Carl Jung at C

  • Storr, Paul (British goldsmith)

    Paul Storr, goldsmith particularly noted for his outstanding craftsmanship in the execution of richly ornamented works, especially presentation silver. A notable example is the cup made for presentation to the British admiral Lord Nelson to mark his victory at the battle of the Nile in 1798

  • Storrs Agricultural School (university system, Connecticut, United States)

    University of Connecticut, state system of universities composed of a main campus in Storrs and branches in Groton (called Avery Point), Hartford (West Hartford), Stamford, Torrington, and Waterbury, as well as a health centre in Farmington. All campuses are coeducational. The Storrs campus

  • Storrs, Sir Ronald (British diplomat)

    T.E. Lawrence: Early life: …he had accompanied the diplomat Sir Ronald Storrs on a mission to Arabia, where ?usayn ibn ?Alī, amīr of Mecca, had the previous June proclaimed a revolt against the Turks. Storrs and Lawrence consulted with ?usayn’s son Abdullah, and Lawrence received permission to go on to consult further with another…

  • Storting (Norwegian parliament)

    Ole Gabriel Gabrielson Ueland: …when first elected to the Storting (national parliament) in 1833, Ueland became the chief spokesman of Norway’s peasantry in that body for the next three decades. He championed such causes as local self-government, amelioration of the living and working conditions of urban and rural labourers, mass public education, universal conscription,…

  • Story (film by Ghosh [2012])

    Vidya Balan: …missing husband in Kahaani (2012; Story), for which she garnered her third Filmfare best actress award, and a woman who defies her conventional family to become a detective in the thriller Bobby Jasoos (2014).

  • story (architecture)

    construction: Building services: …small and large rooms and multistory buildings as well. Houses, particularly large ones, were broken up into smaller, more private spaces each heated by its own fireplace, a change that decisively altered the communal lifestyle of early medieval times.

  • Story of a Bad Boy, The (novel by Aldrich)

    The Story of a Bad Boy, classic children’s novel by Thomas Bailey Aldrich, published serially in Our Young Folks (1869) and in book form in 1870. An autobiographical book about a happy boyhood, it was the first full-length children’s book in which the protagonist was a realistic boy instead of a

  • Story of a Country Town, The (novel by Howe)

    E.W. Howe: …first and most successful novel, The Story of a Country Town (1883), was the first realistic novel of Midwestern small-town life. He published and edited Howe’s Monthly (1911–33) and wrote essays, travel books, and an autobiography, Plain People (1929). His journalistic writing was collected in The Indignations of E.W. Howe…

  • Story of a Great Monopoly, The (article by Lloyd)

    Henry Demarest Lloyd: “The Story of a Great Monopoly,” his documented study of methods used by the Standard Oil Company and the railroads to eliminate competitors, had a sensational effect when it appeared in The Atlantic Monthly (March 1881). It alerted the public to the need for antitrust legislation…

  • Story of a Humble Christian, The (work by Silone)

    Ignazio Silone: …d’un povero cristiano (published 1968; The Story of a Humble Christian, 1970), depicts the life of the 13th-century pope Celestine V, focussing on the conflict between the demands of the institutional church and his own spirituality.

  • Story of a Life, The (work by Paustovsky)

    Konstantin Georgiyevich Paustovsky: …work, Povest o zhizni (1946–62; The Story of a Life), published in several volumes, is an autobiographical cycle of reminiscences.

  • Story of a New Zealand River, The (work by Mander)

    Jane Mander: The Story of a New Zealand River (1920) contrasts the life of a cultivated, educated, lonely woman who maintains strict social and moral values in a frontier settlement with that of her uninhibited daughter, who finds employment in Australia and lives with her lover. It…

  • Story of a Novel, The (work by Wolfe)

    Thomas Wolfe: …his life in the 1930s, The Story of a Novel (1936), describes his close working relationship with the editor Maxwell Perkins (q.v.), who helped him reduce the enormous manuscripts of his first two works down to manageable novelistic proportions.

  • Story of a Squad (work by Barbusse)

    Henri Barbusse: Barbusse’s Le Feu; journal d’une escouade, awarded the Prix Goncourt, is one of the few works to survive the proliferation of wartime novels. Its subtitle, Story of a Squad, reveals the author’s double purpose: to relate the collective experience of the poilus’s (French soldiers’) life in…

  • Story of Abelard’s Adversities, The (autobiography by Abelard)

    Latin literature: The 12th to the 14th century: 1136; The Story of Abelard’s Adversities), recounts the story of his tragic love affair and its theological consequences.

  • Story of Ahikar, The (Pseudepigrapha)

    The Story of Ahikar, folktale of Babylonian or Persian origin, about a wise and moral man who supposedly served as one of the chief counselors of Sennacherib, king of Assyria (704–681 bc). Like the biblical Job, Ahikar was a prototype of the just man whose righteousness was sorely tested and

  • Story of Alexander Graham Bell, The (film by Cummings [1939])

    Irving Cummings: …changed gears, directing the biopic The Story of Alexander Graham Bell, which featured Don Ameche in arguably his most famous role, as the great inventor; he was lent able support by Henry Fonda and Loretta Young. The comedy Hollywood Cavalcade (1939) also starred Ameche, this time as a

  • Story of an African Farm, The (novel by Schreiner)

    The Story of an African Farm, novel published in 1883, with its authorship credited to the pseudonymous Ralph Iron. The author was later revealed to be Olive Schreiner. It was a best seller, both praised and condemned for its powerfully feminist, unconventional, and anti-Christian views on religion

  • Story of Art, The (work by Gombrich)

    Ernst H. Gombrich: …audience through his best-known book, The Story of Art (1950; 16th rev. ed. 1995).

  • Story of Christ, The (work by Papini)

    Giovanni Papini: …notably Storia di Cristo (1921; The Story of Christ), a vivid and realistic re-creation of the life of Jesus; Pane e vino (1926; “Bread and Wine”), a volume of religious poetry; and Sant’Agostino (1929; St. Augustine).

  • Story of Civilization, The (book by Will and Ariel Durant)

    Will Durant and Ariel Durant: >Story of Civilization, 11 vol. (1935–75), established them among the best-known writers of popular philosophy and history.

  • Story of Dr. Dolittle, The (work by Lofting)

    Hugh Lofting: The Story of Dr. Dolittle, the first of his series, appeared in 1920 and won instant success. He wrote one Dr. Dolittle book a year until 1927, and these seven are generally considered the best of the series—certainly the sunniest. The Voyages of Dr. Dolittle…

  • Story of Dr. Wassell, The (film by DeMille)

    Cecil B. DeMille: Films of the 1940s and 1950s: North West Mounted Police to The Ten Commandments: In The Story of Dr. Wassell (1944) a navy doctor (Cooper) saves nine wounded men during World War II by sneaking them past the Japanese to the safety of Australia. DeMille invited Cooper back for Unconquered (1947) to play a militia captain during the French and…

  • Story of Elsa, The (work by Adamson)

    Joy Adamson: …condensed into one volume as The Story of Elsa (1966). Her other books included The Peoples of Kenya (1967), The Searching Spirit: An Autobiography (1978), and Queen of Shaba: The Story of an African Leopard (1980).

  • Story of England (work by Mannyng)

    Robert Mannyng: …manual, and of the chronicle Story of England. The works are preserved independently in several manuscripts, none of certain provenance.

  • Story of Esther (painting by Veronese)

    Paolo Veronese: The early years: In the Story of Esther, depicted on the ceiling, appear the first of his rigorous compositions of foreshortened groups in luminous architectural frameworks and his decorative fancies that juxtapose animated, almost stereometric foregrounds and background figures wrought with a few strokes of light. The skilled fresco painter,…

  • Story of G.I. Joe, The (film by Wellman [1945])

    William Wellman: Films of the 1940s: Wellman then directed The Story of G.I. Joe (1945), which is regarded by many critics as one of the best motion pictures about World War II. Robert Mitchum earned an Academy Award nomination for best actor for his portrayal of a battle-weary infantry captain, and Burgess Meredith gave…

  • Story of Louie, The (work by Onions)

    Oliver Onions: …work to attract attention was The Story of Louie (1913), the last part of a trilogy later published as Whom God Has Sundered, in which he achieved a successful combination of poetry and realism. Of his other novels, the greatest success was perhaps The Story of Ragged Robyn (1945), a…

  • Story of Louis Pasteur, The (film by Dieterle [1935])

    William Dieterle: Warner Brothers: …Muni’s most enduring vehicles, but The Story of Louis Pasteur (1936) certainly was; Muni won his only Academy Award for his performance as the French scientist, and the picture received an Oscar nomination. In The White Angel (1936) Francis was less convincing as Florence Nightingale than Muni had been as…

  • Story of Lucy Gault, The (novel by Trevor)

    William Trevor: Reading Turgenev (1991) and The Story of Lucy Gault (2002) were both short-listed for the Booker Prize. His last novel, Love and Summer, was published in 2009.

  • Story of Man, The (work by Coon)

    Carleton S. Coon: …culminated in the publication of The Story of Man (1954), which traced the history of humans 50,000 years from the Ice Age to modern times. Coon set forth the controversial theory that five distinct major races of humans existed before the emergence of Homo sapiens as the dominant species. That…

  • Story of My Heart, The (work by Jefferies)

    Richard Jefferies: …and Museum)—and its surrounding countryside; The Story of My Heart (1883), his spiritual autobiography; and the remarkable fantasy novel After London (1885), set in a future in which urban civilization has collapsed after an environmental crisis. In this late period also he wrote some moving essays in an introspective style,…

  • Story of O (novel by Desclos)

    Story of O, erotic novel by Anne Desclos, first published in French (Histoire d’O, 1954) under the pen name Pauline Reage, itself a pen name for Dominique Aury, a French writer and translator who was a respected member of the literary establishment but who gained her greatest fame in 1994 when it

  • Story of Philosophy, The (work by Will and Ariel Durant)

    Will Durant and Ariel Durant: His second book, The Story of Philosophy (1926), sold more than two million copies in less than three decades and was translated into several languages. The following year his only novel, Transition, appeared. It is largely an autobiographical account of his own early social, religious, and political disillusionments.…

  • Story of Qiu Ju, The (film by Zhang [1992])

    Zhang Yimou: …Qiu Ju da guansi (1992; The Story of Qiu Ju), Zhang eschewed the stunning cinematography and ornate settings of his earlier works for a gritty contemporary drama centring on a young woman who seeks justice after a village elder attacks her husband. The rise of communism and its impact on…

  • Story of Ragged Robyn, The (work by Onions)

    Oliver Onions: …the greatest success was perhaps The Story of Ragged Robyn (1945), a tale of 17th-century England. His Poor Man’s Tapestry (1946) earned him the James Tait Black Memorial Prize. Onions was married to the Welsh-born novelist Berta Ruck.

  • Story of Rimini, The (work by Hunt)

    Leigh Hunt: …of Italian poetry, and in The Story of Rimini (1816), published in the year of his meeting with Keats, he reintroduced a freedom of movement in English couplet verse lost in the 18th century. From him Keats derived his delight in colour and imaginative sensual experience and a first acquaintance…

  • Story of San Michele, The (work by Munthe)

    Axel Martin Fredrik Munthe: …psychiatrist, and writer whose book The Story of San Michele (1929), an account of his experiences as a doctor in Paris and Rome and in semiretirement at the villa of San Michele on Capri, achieved immense popularity in its original English version and in many translations. Its lasting success may…

  • Story of Sigurd the Volsung and the Fall of the Niblungs (epic by Morris)

    William Morris: Iceland and socialism: …principal poetic achievement, the epic Story of Sigurd the Volsung and the Fall of the Niblungs (1876), written after a prolonged study of the sagas (medieval prose narratives) read by Morris in the original Old Norse. The exquisitely illuminated A Book of Verse, telling once more of hopeless love and…

  • Story of Sinuhe, The (ancient Egyptian literature)

    Amenemhet I: Another politically motivated work, The Story of Sinuhe, described Sesostris’s receipt of the news, his reaction, and the glory of his reign.

  • Story of the Amulet, The (work by Nesbit)

    E. Nesbit: …Children and It (1902), and The Story of the Amulet (1906), in which an ancient Egyptian priest suddenly materializes in 19th-century London.

  • Story of the Glittering Plain, The (work by Morris)

    Walter Crane: …on the page decorations of The Story of the Glittering Plain, printed by the Kelmscott Press in the style of 16th-century German and Italian woodcuts. Among the best of his book illustrations are those for Edmund Spenser’s Faerie Queene (1895–97) and The Shepheardes Calendar (1897).

  • Story of the Guard: A Chronicle of the War, A (work by Frémont)

    Jessie Ann Benton Frémont: The Story of the Guard: A Chronicle of the War (1863) reprinted her articles in the Atlantic Monthly defending him. After her husband’s bankruptcy in 1873, she took up writing with a will. Articles, memoirs, travel sketches, and stories appeared in leading magazines. Many of…

  • Story of the Just Casper and Fair Annie, The (work by Brentano)

    Clemens Brentano: …dem sch?nen Annerl (1817; The Story of the Just Casper and Fair Annie) displays themes from German folklore within a fantasy atmosphere. His other major works include the dramas Ponce de Leon (1801) and Die Gründung Prags (1815; “The Foundation of Prague”) and the novel Godwi (1801), which forms an…

  • Story of the Malakand Field Force, The (work by Churchill)

    Winston Churchill: Expanded as The Story of the Malakand Field Force (1898), his dispatches attracted such wide attention as to launch him on the career of authorship that he intermittently pursued throughout his life. In 1897–98 he wrote Savrola (1900), a Ruritanian romance, and got himself attached to Lord…

  • Story of the Other Wise Man, The (work by Van Dyke)

    Henry Van Dyke: His early works, “The Story of the Other Wise Man” (1896) and “The First Christmas Tree” (1897), were first read aloud to his congregation in New York as sermons. These quickly brought him recognition. Other stories and anecdotal tales were gathered at regular intervals into volumes. Among these…

  • Story of the Seven Sages, The (story cycle)

    Seven Wise Masters, (“The Book of Sindbad”), a cycle of stories, presumably Indian in origin, that made its way through Middle Persian and Arabic into Western lore. In the frame story, an Oriental king entrusted the education of his son to a wise tutor named Sindbad (not to be confused with the

  • Story of the Stone, The (novel by Cao Zhan)

    Dream of the Red Chamber, novel written by Cao Zhan in the 18th century that is generally considered to be the greatest of all Chinese novels and among the greatest in world literature. The work, published in English as Dream of the Red Chamber (1929), first appeared in manuscript form in Beijing

  • Story of the Trapp Family Singers (work by Trapp)

    Trapp Family: …of the family, wrote The Story of the Trapp Family Singers (1949). She recounted her experience as an orphan and novitiate in a Benedictine convent in Salzburg. As a governess, she won the hearts of the seven children of a widower, Freiherr (Baron) Georg von Trapp, a World War I…

  • Story of the Western Wing, The (work by Wang Shifu)

    Chinese literature: Drama: …Guan’s contemporary, wrote Xixiangji (Romance of the Western Chamber), based on a popular Tang prose romance about the amorous exploits of the poet Yuan Zhen, renamed Zheng Sheng in the play. Besides its literary merits and its influence on later drama, it is notable for its length, two or…

  • Story of Us, The (film by Reiner [1999])

    Rob Reiner: Later films: The romantic comedies The Story of Us (1999), Alex & Emma (2003), and Rumor Has It… (2005) were commercial and critical disappointments.

  • Story of Vernon and Irene Castle, The (film by Potter [1939])

    Fred Astaire: Later musicals: Easter Parade, Royal Wedding, and The Band Wagon: …the last RKO Astaire-Rogers film, The Story of Vernon and Irene Castle (1939), Astaire appeared with various other partners, such as Eleanor Powell, Rita Hayworth (whom Astaire cited as his favourite on-screen partner), and Lucille Bremer. He retired temporarily in 1946 but returned to the screen in 1948 and appeared…

  • Story of Water, A (film by Truffaut)

    Fran?ois Truffaut: Early works: …also made a second short, Une Histoire d’eau (1961; A Story of Water), a slapstick comedy for which Jean-Luc Godard developed the conclusion.

  • Story of Wen-Amon, The (ancient Egyptian text)

    Lebanon: Origins and relations with Egypt: In The Story of Wen-Amon, a tale of an Egyptian religious functionary sent to Byblos to secure cedar about 1100 bce, the episode of the functionary’s inhospitable reception shows the extent of the decline of Egypt’s authority in Phoenicia at this time. Sheshonk (Shishak) I, the…

  • Story, James (British explorer)

    Ralph Fitch: John Eldred, William Leedes, and James Story, Fitch embarked in the Tiger and reached Syria in late April. (Act I, scene 3 of William Shakespeare’s Macbeth alludes to the trip.) From Aleppo (Syria), they went overland to the Euphrates, which they descended to Al-Fallūjah, now in Iraq, and from there…

  • Story, Joseph (United States jurist)

    Joseph Story, associate justice of the United States Supreme Court (1811–45), who joined Chief Justice John Marshall in giving juristic support to the development of American nationalism. While also teaching law at Harvard (1829–45), he delivered lectures that he elaborated into a monumental series

  • Story, Sidney (American politician)

    Storyville: …district was created when Alderman Sidney Story, responding to public protests against rampant prostitution in New Orleans, succeeded in having the City Council adopt an ordinance in January 1897 limiting brothels, saloons, and other businesses of vice to a prescribed area. The area—which, to his dismay, unofficially acquired his name—came…

  • Story, Sidney A., Jr. (American novelist)

    Mary Hayden Green Pike, American novelist, best remembered for her popular books of the Civil War era on racial and slavery themes. Pike studied at the Female Seminary in Charlestown, Massachusetts (1840–43). Her first novel, Ida May (1854), was published under the pseudonym Mary Langdon. A

  • Story, William Wetmore (American sculptor)

    William Wetmore Story, sculptor now remembered as the centre of a circle of literary, theatrical, and social celebrities and for his “Cleopatra.” A description of this work in Nathaniel Hawthorne’s novel The Marble Faun (1860) contributed to its wide popularity in the United States and Great

  • storyboard (filmmaking tool)

    motion-picture technology: Planning: The “storyboard” provides the continuity of the action, which is worked out scene by scene simultaneously with the animation script. In the storyboard the story is told and to some extent graphically styled in a succession of key sketches with captions and fragments of dialogue, much…

  • storyteller (literature)

    Narrator, one who tells a story. In a work of fiction the narrator determines the story’s point of view. If the narrator is a full participant in the story’s action, the narrative is said to be in the first person. A story told by a narrator who is not a character in the story is a third-person

  • Storyteller (American songwriter and entertainer)

    Tom T. Hall, American songwriter and entertainer, popularly known as the “Storyteller,” who expanded the stylistic and topical range of the country music idiom with plainspoken, highly literate, and often philosophical narratives. His songs were largely reflections of his own experiences, from his

  • Storyteller (album by Underwood)

    Carrie Underwood: Her success continued with Storyteller (2015). It was her fifth studio album and her sixth consecutive release to debut at number one on the country album chart. With Cry Pretty (2018), Underwood became the first woman to have four country music albums top the Billboard chart.

  • Storyteller’s Nashville, The (memoir by Hall)

    Tom T. Hall: …pursuits, including a memoir called The Storyteller’s Nashville (1979), a handbook on songwriting, and several novels.

  • storytelling (art)

    Chinese music: Other vocal and instrumental genres: One is storytelling (shuoshu). This tradition, which is virtually as old as humankind and is noted in China’s earliest books, continues in China in a purely narrative form, in a sung style, and in a mixture of the two. Until the advent of television and government arts…

  • Storyville (district, New Orleans, Louisiana, United States)

    Storyville, historic region of New Orleans, Louisiana, U.S. It was one of the most famous red-light districts in the United States when prostitution was effectively legal in Storyville from 1897 to 1917. The district was created when Alderman Sidney Story, responding to public protests against

  • Storz, Todd (American broadcasting executive)

    radio: The rise of Top 40 radio: Station owners Todd Storz in Omaha, Nebraska, and Gordon McLendon in Dallas, Texas, created the format (tightly timed records with brief reports on news, weather, and sports, plus occasional features and constant time checks and station promotion) used first by about 20 stations in 1955 and by…

  • Stoss, Veit (German sculptor)

    Veit Stoss, one of the greatest sculptors and wood-carvers of 16th-century Germany. His nervous, angular forms, realistic detail, and virtuoso wood carving synthesized the sculptural styles of Flemish and Danubian art and, together with the emotional force and dramatic realism of the Dutch sculptor

  • St?ssel, Anatoly Mikhaylovich (Russian general)

    Anatoly Mikhaylovich Stessel, Russian general who commanded the garrison at Port Arthur during the Russo-Japanese War. Stessel graduated from the Pavlovskoye military academy in 1866. He took part in the Russo-Turkish War (1877–78) and commanded a brigade in the suppression of the Boxer Rebellion

  • Stossel, John (American television reporter)

    John Stossel, American television reporter and commentator, best known for his role on the ABC (American Broadcasting Company) newsmagazine 20/20. Stossel graduated from Princeton University in 1969 with a B.A. in psychology. He soon began a career in television journalism, working initially as a

  • Stosz, Wit (German sculptor)

    Veit Stoss, one of the greatest sculptors and wood-carvers of 16th-century Germany. His nervous, angular forms, realistic detail, and virtuoso wood carving synthesized the sculptural styles of Flemish and Danubian art and, together with the emotional force and dramatic realism of the Dutch sculptor

  • Stothard, Thomas (British painter)

    Thomas Stothard, painter, designer, and illustrator, best known for his graceful and distinctive work in book illustration, including editions of Clarissa, Tristram Shandy, Robinson Crusoe, Pilgrim’s Progress, The Vicar of Wakefield, The Rape of the Lock, and the works of William Shakespeare, Lord

  • Stothart, Herbert (American composer and author)
  • stotra (Sanskrit hymns)

    South Asian arts: The short lyric: These stotra (“lyrics of praise”) quite often were set to music, and people continue to sing them today—without necessarily comprehending the full intention of the Sanskrit, much as hymns in Latin were traditionally sung by Roman Catholic believers.

  • Stott Despoja, Natasha (Australian politician)

    Natasha Stott Despoja, Australian politician who in 1996 became the youngest woman elected to sit in the federal Senate up to that time; she had been appointed to the seat the previous year, and she continued to serve until her retirement in 2008. Stott Despoja attended Canberra Boys Grammar School

  • Stott, the Rev. John Robert Walmsley (British cleric and theologian)

    The Rev. John Robert Walmsley Stott, British cleric and theologian (born April 27, 1921, London, Eng.—died July 27, 2011, Lingfield, Surrey, Eng.), transformed the Anglican Church through his dedication to evangelism and was a principal author of the Lausanne Covenant (1974), a defining document of

  • Stotz, Carl E. (American sports organizer)

    Carl E. Stotz, American sports organizer, the founder and commissioner of Little League baseball. Stotz, a lumberyard clerk, solicited sponsorship for an amateur youth baseball league from local businesses, and in the first game (June 6, 1939) Lundy Lumber beat Lycoming Dairy 23–8. He modified the

  • Stoudemire, Amar’e (American basketball player)

    New York Knicks: …soon brought in star players Amar’e Stoudemire (in 2010) and Carmelo Anthony (during the 2010–11 season) in an attempt to reenergize the franchise and its fans.

  • Stoudion (historical monastery, Istanbul, Turkey)

    calligraphy: Earliest minuscule, 8th to 10th century: …lives of the abbots of Stoudion of that time, and the first dated manuscript written in true minuscule) point to its development from a certain type of documentary hand used in the 8th century and to the likelihood that the monastery of the Stoudion in Constantinople had a leading part…

  • Stoudion minuscule (calligraphy)

    calligraphy: Earliest minuscule, 8th to 10th century: …dated manuscript written in true minuscule) point to its development from a certain type of documentary hand used in the 8th century and to the likelihood that the monastery of the Stoudion in Constantinople had a leading part in its early development. Though its origins are obscure, the reasons that…

  • Stoughton (Massachusetts, United States)

    Stoughton, town (township), Norfolk county, eastern Massachusetts, U.S., 17 miles (27 km) south of Boston. It was settled about 1713 as part of Dorchester and was separately incorporated in 1726 and named for William Stoughton, first lieutenant governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony. The Suffolk

  • Stoughton, William (lieutenant-colonial governor of Massachusetts)

    Salem witch trials: The trials: Presided over by William Stoughton, the colony’s lieutenant governor, the court consisted of seven judges. The accused were forced to defend themselves without aid of counsel. Most damning for them was the admission of “spectral evidence”—that is, claims by the victims that they had seen and been attacked…

  • Stour, River (river, England, United Kingdom)

    River Stour, river, eastern England, with a length of 47 miles (76 km). It rises in eastern Cambridgeshire and flows eastward through East Anglia, forming most of the county boundary between Suffolk and Essex, through country made famous by the paintings of the artist John Constable. The Stour

  • Stourbridge Lion (railroad locomotive)

    John Bloomfield Jervis: …specifications for its locomotive, the Stourbridge Lion, which was the first functioning locomotive in the United States.

  • stout (beer)

    Stout, dark, heavy-bodied beer popular in Great Britain and

  • stout beardfish (fish)

    beardfish: …particularly large; the widely distributed stout beardfish (P. nobilis) attains a length of less than 20 centimetres (8 inches).

  • Stout, Archie (American cinematographer)
  • Stout, George Frederick (British philosopher and psychologist)

    George Frederick Stout, English psychologist and philosopher who advanced a system of psychology emphasizing mental acts. While a student at the University of Cambridge, Stout studied principally with the psychologist James Ward and, like him, came to approach psychology philosophically. He

  • Stout, Randall Paul (American architect)

    Randall Paul Stout, American architect (born May 6, 1958, Knoxville, Tenn.—died July 11, 2014, Los Angeles, Calif.), designed arrestingly artistic museums, such as the Taubman Museum of Art in Roanoke, Va., the Hunter Museum of American Art in Chattanooga, Tenn., and the Art Gallery of Alberta in

  • Stout, Rex (American author)

    Rex Stout, American author who wrote genteel mystery stories revolving around the elegantly eccentric and reclusive detective Nero Wolfe and his wisecracking aide, Archie Goodwin. Stout worked odd jobs until 1912, when he began to write sporadically for magazines. After writing four moderately

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