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  • Stroman, Susan (American director and choreographer)

    Susan Stroman, American director and choreographer who amassed numerous Tony Awards and other honours for her innovative work in musical theatre. Stroman grew up in a home in which music was prized. She loved watching Fred Astaire movies and later admitted that, even when she was very young, she

  • stromata (in fungus)

    Stroma, in fungi (kingdom Fungi), cushionlike plate of solid mycelium (masses of filaments that form the body of a typical fungus) formed by many members. Vegetative and reproductive structures are borne on or in

  • Stromateidae (fish, family Stromateidae)

    Butterfish, any of the thin, deep-bodied, more or less oval and silvery fishes of the family Stromateidae (order Perciformes). Butterfishes are found in warm and temperate seas and are characterized by a small mouth, forked tail, and a single dorsal fin. Like the related rudderfishes

  • Stromateis (work by Clement of Alexandria)

    Saint Clement of Alexandria: Early life and career: …but from another place” (Strōmateis), prepared the way for the curriculum of the catechetical school under Origen that became the basis of the medieval quadrivium and trivium (i.e., the liberal arts). This view, however, did not find ready acceptance by the uneducated orthodox Christians of Alexandria, who looked askance…

  • Stromateoidei (fish suborder)

    perciform: Annotated classification: Suborder Stromateoidei 6 percoidlike families with an unusual and characteristic feature, a toothed saccular outgrowth in the gullet directly behind the last gill arch. 1 family, the Amarsipidae, lacks the toothed saccular outgrowth in the gullet. Families Stromateidae, Centrolophidae, Nomeidae,

  • stromatolite (geology)

    Stromatolite, layered deposit, mainly of limestone, formed by the growth of blue-green algae (primitive one-celled organisms). These structures are usually characterized by thin, alternating light and dark layers that may be flat, hummocky, or dome-shaped. The alternating layers are largely

  • Stromatoporida (fossil coral order)

    Stromatoporida, extinct order of corals found as fossils in marine rocks of Cambrian to Cretaceous age (542 million to 65.5 million years ago). The stromatoporidian corals were colonial forms that consisted of dense laminated masses of calcium carbonate; some forms constructed reeflike

  • Stromatoporoidea (fossil order)

    Devonian Period: Sediment types: …reefs are largely formed of stromatoporoids. These marine invertebrates suddenly vanished almost entirely by the end of the Frasnian Age, after which reefs were formed locally of cyanobacterian stromatolites. Other areas have reefs formed by mud mounds, and there are spectacular examples in southern Morocco, southern Algeria, and Mauritania. Also…

  • Strombacea (gastropod superfamily)

    gastropod: Classification: Superfamily Strombacea Foot and operculum greatly modified and move with a lurching motion; feed on algae and plants; some species used for human food; conchs (Strombidae) of tropical oceans and the pelican’s foot shells (Aporrhaidae) of near Arctic waters. Superfamily Calyptraeacea

  • Stromberg, Hunt (American producer)
  • Strombidae (gastropod family)

    gastropod: Classification: …for human food; conchs (Strombidae) of tropical oceans and the pelican’s foot shells (Aporrhaidae) of near Arctic waters. Superfamily Calyptraeacea Cap shells (Capulidae) and slipper shells (Calyptraeidae) are limpets with irregularly shaped shells with a small internal cup or shelf; many species show sex

  • Stromboli (film by Rossellini)

    Ingrid Bergman: Scandal and later films: During the filming of Stromboli (1950), Bergman began a love affair with the Italian director Roberto Rossellini, and they had a son before she obtained a divorce from her first husband. A scandal ensued—a U.S. senator notably called her “a horrible example of womanhood and a powerful influence for…

  • Stromboli Island (island, Italy)

    Stromboli Island, northeasternmost of the Eolie (Lipari) Islands, in the Tyrrhenian Sea (of the Mediterranean), off northeastern Sicily. It has an area of 5 square miles (12 square km). Of volcanic formation, the island is still active, and fluid lava flows continuously from its crater to the sea,

  • Stromboli Volcano (volcano, Stromboli Island, Italy)

    volcano: Six types of eruptions: …outbursts, Stromboli volcano, located on Stromboli Island off the northeast coast of Italy, has been called the “lighthouse of the Mediterranean.”

  • Strombolian eruption (volcanism)

    volcano: Six types of eruptions: Strombolian eruptions involve moderate bursts of expanding gases that eject clots of incandescent lava in cyclical or nearly continuous small eruptions. Because of such small frequent outbursts, Stromboli volcano, located on Stromboli Island off the northeast coast of Italy, has been called the “lighthouse of…

  • Strombus (gastropod genus)

    gastropod: Reproduction and life cycles: Strombus can lay a tubular string of eggs 23 metres (75 feet) long, with up to 460,000 eggs. Many snails in the genus Conus cement up to 1.5 million eggs in capsules on the undersides of rocks. Opisthobranchs weave delicate ribbons of eggs in colourful…

  • Strombus gigas (marine snail)

    conch: The queen conch (Strombus gigas), found from Florida to Brazil, has an attractive ornamental shell; the aperture, or opening into the first whorl in the shell, is pink and may be 30 cm (12 inches) long. Spider conchs, with prongs on the lip, belong to the…

  • stromentato (music)

    recitative: The second variety, recitativo stromentato, or accompanied recitative, has stricter rhythm and more involved, often orchestral accompaniment. Used at dramatically important moments, it is more emotional in character. Its vocal line is more melodic, and typically it leads into a formal aria.

  • Stromer, Ernst (German paleontologist)

    Spinosaurus: …was named by German paleontologist Ernst Stromer in 1915 on the basis of the discovery of a partial skeleton from Bahariya Oasis in western Egypt by his assistant Richard Markgraf. These fossils were destroyed in April 1944 when British aircraft inadvertently bombed the museum in Munich in which they were…

  • Stromerius nidensis (fossil mammal)

    basilosaurid: Stromerius nidensis was described in 2007 and dated to the late Eocene of Egypt; it is the only species classified in subfamily Stromeriinae.

  • Stromeyer, Friedrich (German chemist)

    cadmium: Properties, occurrence, and uses: Friedrich Stromeyer, a German chemist, discovered the element (1817) in a sample of zinc carbonate, and, in the same year, K.S.L. Hermann and J.C.H. Roloff found cadmium in a specimen of zinc oxide. Both zinc compounds were being examined because their purity as pharmaceuticals was…

  • stromeyerite (mineral)

    Stromeyerite, a sulfide mineral of copper and silver (CuAgS) that occurs as compact masses with copper and lead minerals in deposits at Altai, Siberia, Russia; Santiago, Chile; and Butte, Mont., U.S. Stromeyerite is a member of a group of sulfide minerals that form crystals of the isometric system

  • Str?mgren sphere (astronomy)

    astronomy: Investigations of interstellar matter: …II region, known as a Str?mgren sphere. Such regions are strong and characteristic emitters of radiation at radio wavelengths, and their dimensions are well calibrated in terms of the luminosity of the central star. Using radio interferometers, astronomers are able to measure the angular diameters of H II regions even…

  • Str?mgren, Bengt (Danish astrophysicist)

    Bengt Str?mgren, Danish astrophysicist who pioneered the present-day knowledge of the gas clouds in space. Son of the noted Swedish-born Danish astronomer Svante Elis Str?mgren, he early developed an interest in astronomy. He collaborated with his father on several works of astronomy and in 1940

  • Str?mgren, Bengt Georg Daniel (Danish astrophysicist)

    Bengt Str?mgren, Danish astrophysicist who pioneered the present-day knowledge of the gas clouds in space. Son of the noted Swedish-born Danish astronomer Svante Elis Str?mgren, he early developed an interest in astronomy. He collaborated with his father on several works of astronomy and in 1940

  • Str?mgren, Elis (Swedish-born Danish astronomer)

    comet: The modern era: In 1914 Swedish-born Danish astronomer Elis Str?mgren published a special list of cometary orbits. Str?mgren took the well-determined orbits of long-period comets and projected them backward in time to before the comets had entered the planetary region. He then referenced the orbits to the barycentre (the centre of mass) of…

  • Str?ms?y and Bragernes (Norway)

    Drammen, city, southeastern Norway. Located at the junction of the Drams River with Drams Fjord, southwest of Oslo, the site was first settled in the 13th century as two separate communities, Bragernes and Str?ms?y. Each was granted common town privileges in 1715. In 1811 they merged with Tangen

  • Str?msund Bridge (bridge, Sweden)

    bridge: German designs: Early examples, such as the Str?msund Bridge in Sweden (1956), used just two cables fastened at nearly the same point high on the tower and fanning out to support the deck at widely separated points. By contrast, the Oberkasseler Bridge, built over the Rhine River in Düsseldorf, Germany, in 1973,…

  • stromuhr (device)

    Flow meter, Device that measures the velocity of a gas or liquid. It has applications in medicine as well as in chemical engineering, aeronautics, and meteorology. Examples include pitot tubes, venturi tubes, and rotameters (tapered graduated tubes with a float inside that is supported by the

  • Stronach, Frank (Austrian-born Canadian billionaire)

    Austria: Austria in the European Union: …diluted when Austrian-born Canadian billionaire Frank Stronach announced in September 2012 that he was forming a new political party. Called Team Stronach, the party promoted an antiestablishment, pro-business agenda that favoured lower corporate taxes and disengagement from the weaker euro-zone economies. The Freedom Party suffered a series of reverses in…

  • strong AI (computer science)

    artificial intelligence: Strong AI, applied AI, and cognitive simulation: Strong AI aims to build machines that think. (The term strong AI was introduced for this category of research in 1980 by the philosopher John Searle of the University of California at Berkeley.) The ultimate ambition of strong AI is to produce a machine whose…

  • Strong and Co. of Romsey Ltd (British company)

    Romsey: …prevalent during the heyday of Strong and Co. of Romsey Ltd. The brewing company was registered in 1894 and was sold in 1969 to Whitbread, which ceased brewing in Romsey in 1981. Pop. (2001) 14,647; (2011) 14,768.

  • strong anthropic principle (cosmology)

    anthropic principle: Forms of the anthropic principle: …WAP be distinguished from a strong anthropic principle (SAP), which posits that life must exist in the universe. This has been cast as a teleological statement: the universe has been fine-tuned in order to ensure that life arises. Analysis of this statement lies outside the domain of science. (Alternatively, if…

  • strong artificial intelligence (computer science)

    artificial intelligence: Strong AI, applied AI, and cognitive simulation: Strong AI aims to build machines that think. (The term strong AI was introduced for this category of research in 1980 by the philosopher John Searle of the University of California at Berkeley.) The ultimate ambition of strong AI is to produce a machine whose…

  • strong beer (alcoholic beverage)

    beer: Types of beer: …gave the best-quality beer, called strong beer, and a third extract yielded the poorest-quality beer, called small beer. In the 18th century, London brewers departed from this practice and produced porter. Made from a mixture of malt extracts, porter was a strong, dark-coloured, highly hopped beer consumed by the market…

  • Strong Breed, The (play by Soyinka)

    Wole Soyinka: …more serious plays, such as The Strong Breed (1963), Kongi’s Harvest (opened the first Festival of Negro Arts in Dakar, 1966; published 1967), The Road (1965), From Zia, with Love (1992), and even the parody King Baabu (performed 2001; published 2002), reveal his disregard for African authoritarian leadership and his…

  • Strong Capital Management (American company)

    Eliot Spitzer: …the Wisconsin-based company he founded, Strong Capital Management, agreed to pay fines of $60 million and $80 million, respectively, in addition to other penalties for unacceptable methods such as market timing, or short-term and rapid trades. His investigations into the financial industry earned him the nickname “the sheriff of Wall…

  • strong change (soapmaking)

    soap and detergent: Boiling process: During the next step, called strong change, strong caustic solution is added to the mass, which is then boiled to remove the last of the free fat.

  • strong completeness (logic)

    formal logic: Axiomatization of PC: ) It is strongly complete if the addition to it (as an extra axiom) of any wff whatever that is not already a theorem would make the system inconsistent. Finally, an axiom or transformation rule is independent (in a given axiomatic system) if it cannot be derived from…

  • Strong Dollar—a Competitive Advantage or Not?, The

    In 2015 the global role of the strengthening U.S. dollar became the focus of world attention. By March the dollar had reached an 11-year high, and in the two months to mid-July, it rose another 4%. Over the year to December 31, the dollar rise was reflected in a depreciation of the currencies of

  • strong flour

    cereal processing: Wheat: varieties and characteristics: …describe the type of flour, strong flours being preferred for bread manufacture and weak flours for cakes and biscuits. Strong flours are high in protein content, and their gluten has a pleasing elasticity; weak flours are low in protein, and their weak, flowy gluten produces a soft, flowy dough.

  • strong focusing

    particle accelerator: Electron synchrotrons: Strong focusing was first applied to the electron synchrotron in the 1.2-GeV device built in 1954 at Cornell University in Ithaca, N.Y. All large electron synchrotrons now are equipped with linear accelerators as injectors. The practical limit on the energy of an electron synchrotron is…

  • strong force (physics)

    Strong force, a fundamental interaction of nature that acts between subatomic particles of matter. The strong force binds quarks together in clusters to make more-familiar subatomic particles, such as protons and neutrons. It also holds together the atomic nucleus and underlies interactions between

  • strong interaction (physics)

    Strong force, a fundamental interaction of nature that acts between subatomic particles of matter. The strong force binds quarks together in clusters to make more-familiar subatomic particles, such as protons and neutrons. It also holds together the atomic nucleus and underlies interactions between

  • Strong Island (island, Micronesia)

    Kosrae, easternmost of the Caroline Islands, Federated States of Micronesia, western Pacific Ocean. Kosrae is volcanic in origin and hilly, rising to 2,064 feet (629 metres) at Mount Finkol (Crozier). Fertile and well-watered, Kosrae produces taro, oranges, breadfruit, and bananas and has valuable

  • strong law of large numbers (probability)

    probability theory: The strong law of large numbers: The mathematical relation between these two experiments was recognized in 1909 by the French mathematician émile Borel, who used the then new ideas of measure theory to give a precise mathematical model and to formulate what is now called the…

  • Strong Man, The (film by Capra)

    Harry Langdon: …team before the making of The Strong Man (1926), which was directed by Capra. In this film, Langdon is in love with a blind girl, a plot device Chaplin borrowed for City Lights (1931). Long Pants (1927), again directed by Capra, was Langdon’s third hit comedy. Audiences loved the innocent…

  • Strong Motion (novel by Franzen)

    Jonathan Franzen: Franzen’s second novel, Strong Motion (1992), draws on the author’s experience working in the field of seismology. Set in Boston, it tells of a Harvard seismologist who discovers a link between unexplained earthquakes and the disposal of chemical waste.

  • strong nuclear force (physics)

    Strong force, a fundamental interaction of nature that acts between subatomic particles of matter. The strong force binds quarks together in clusters to make more-familiar subatomic particles, such as protons and neutrons. It also holds together the atomic nucleus and underlies interactions between

  • strong verb (linguistics)

    Germanic languages: Conjugations: …innovations: (1) In the “strong” verb, Germanic transformed Proto-Indo-European ablaut into a specific tense marker (e.g., Proto-Indo-European *bher-, *bhor-, *bhēr-, *bh?- in Old English beran ‘bear,’ past singular b?r, past plural b?ron, past participle boren). (2) In the “weak” verb, Germanic developed a new type of past and past…

  • strong water (chemical compound)

    Nitric acid, (HNO3), colourless, fuming, and highly corrosive liquid (freezing point ?42 °C [?44 °F], boiling point 83 °C [181 °F]) that is a common laboratory reagent and an important industrial chemical for the manufacture of fertilizers and explosives. It is toxic and can cause severe burns. The

  • Strong, A. H. (American scholar)

    evolution: Religious criticism and acceptance: Thus, A.H. Strong, the president of Rochester Theological Seminary in New York state, wrote in his Systematic Theology (1885): “We grant the principle of evolution, but we regard it as only the method of divine intelligence.” The brutish ancestry of human beings was not incompatible with…

  • Strong, Anna Louise (American journalist and scholar)

    Anna Louise Strong, American journalist and author who published numerous articles and books about developments in the nascent Soviet Union and then in communist China, based on her extensive travel in and firsthand knowledge of those countries. Strong grew up in Friend, Nebraska, in Cincinnati,

  • Strong, Benjamin (American banking official)

    Great Depression: Banking panics and monetary contraction: …the death in 1928 of Benjamin Strong, who had been the governor of the Federal Reserve Bank of New York since 1914, was a significant cause of this inaction. Strong had been a forceful leader who understood the ability of the central bank to limit panics. His death left a…

  • Strong, Cornelia Adele (American painter)

    Cornelia Adele Strong Fassett, American painter, perhaps best remembered for her painting of a meeting of the Electoral Commission of 1877 and her portraits of other major political figures of her day. Fassett studied art in New York City and in Europe, where she stayed for three years. She won a

  • Strong, John (English statesman)

    Falkland Islands: History: The English captain John Strong made the first recorded landing in the Falklands, in 1690, and named the sound between the two main islands after Viscount Falkland, a British naval official. The name was later applied to the whole island group. The French navigator Louis-Antoine de Bougainville founded…

  • Strong, Maurice (Canadian businessman)

    Earth Council Alliance: …by Canadian businessman and diplomat Maurice Strong, who served as secretary-general of the Earth Summit. Dedicated to implementing the principles of Agenda 21, the Earth Council from 1992 to 1998 organized more than 80 national councils for sustainable development. In the early 21st century, Strong and American philanthropist Tommy Short…

  • Strong, William (United States jurist)

    William Strong, U.S. Supreme Court justice (1870–80), one of the most respected justices of the 19th-century court. Admitted to the bar in 1832, Strong practiced law in Reading, Pa., and served in the U.S. House of Representatives (1847–51). While sitting on the Pennsylvania Supreme Court

  • Strong, William Duncan (American anthropologist)

    William Duncan Strong, American anthropologist who studied North and South American Indian cultures and emphasized the value of archaeological data and a historical approach. The son of an attorney for Pacific Coast and Alaskan Indian tribes, Strong was early involved with Indian culture and at the

  • strong-interaction model (physics)

    nuclear model: …second group, called strong-interaction, or statistical models, the main assumption is that the protons and neutrons are mutually coupled to each other and behave cooperatively in a way that reflects the short-ranged strong nuclear force between them. The liquid-drop model and compound-nucleus model (qq.v.) are examples of this group.

  • strong-stress metre (prosody)

    Accentual verse, in prosody, a metrical system based only on the number of stresses or accented syllables in a line of verse. In accentual verse the total number of syllables in a line can vary as long as there are the prescribed number of accents. This system is used in Germanic poetry, including

  • strong-stress verse (prosody)

    Accentual verse, in prosody, a metrical system based only on the number of stresses or accented syllables in a line of verse. In accentual verse the total number of syllables in a line can vary as long as there are the prescribed number of accents. This system is used in Germanic poetry, including

  • Strongbow, Richard (Anglo-Norman lord)

    Richard FitzGilbert, 2nd earl of Pembroke, Anglo-Norman lord whose invasion of Ireland in 1170 initiated the opening phase of the English conquest. The son of Gilbert FitzGilbert, 1st Earl of Pembroke, he succeeded to his father’s estates in southern Wales in 1148/49. Pembroke had evidently lost

  • Stronger with Each Tear (album by Blige)

    Mary J. Blige: Stronger with Each Tear (2009) was criticized for its overreliance on guest vocalists and Auto-Tune technology, but Blige rebounded in convincing fashion with My Life II…The Journey Continues (Act I) (2011), which played to her strengths, balancing soulful ballads with infectious dance tunes that recalled…

  • Stronger, The (opera by Weisgall)

    Hugo Weisgall: …works, The Tenor (1950) and The Stronger (1952), that solidified his reputation as a master of the genre. In 1956 Weisgall completed his first full-length opera, Six Characters in Search of an Author, an adaptation of Luigi Pirandello’s play by that name. His next opera, Purgatory (1958), based on a…

  • stronghold (military science)

    Fortification, in military science, any work erected to strengthen a position against attack. Fortifications are usually of two types: permanent and field. Permanent fortifications include elaborate forts and troop shelters and are most often erected in times of peace or upon threat of war. Field

  • Strongyle (island, Italy)

    Stromboli Island, northeasternmost of the Eolie (Lipari) Islands, in the Tyrrhenian Sea (of the Mediterranean), off northeastern Sicily. It has an area of 5 square miles (12 square km). Of volcanic formation, the island is still active, and fluid lava flows continuously from its crater to the sea,

  • Strongylocentrotus franciscans (echinoderm)

    evolution: Gametic isolation: Strongylocentrotus purpuratus and S. franciscanus can be induced to release their eggs and sperm simultaneously, but most of the fertilizations that result are between eggs and sperm of the same species. In animals with internal fertilization, sperm cells may be unable to function in the sexual ducts of…

  • Strongylocentrotus purpuratus (echinoderm)

    evolution: Gametic isolation: For example, the sea urchins Strongylocentrotus purpuratus and S. franciscanus can be induced to release their eggs and sperm simultaneously, but most of the fertilizations that result are between eggs and sperm of the same species. In animals with internal fertilization, sperm cells may be unable to function in the…

  • Strongyloides stercoralis (nematode, Strongyloides stercoralis)

    Threadworm, (Strongyloides stercoralis), worm of the phylum Nematoda that is parasitic in the human intestine but is able to live freely and breed in the soil. It is especially common in the moist tropics. Larvae are passed out of the host’s body in the feces. They usually reenter through the skin

  • strontianite (mineral)

    Strontianite, a strontium carbonate mineral (SrCO3) that is the original and principal source of strontium. It occurs in white masses of radiating fibres, although pale green, yellow, or gray colours are also known. Strontianite forms soft, brittle crystals that are commonly associated with

  • strontium (chemical element)

    Strontium (Sr), chemical element, one of the alkaline-earth metals of Group 2 (IIa) of the periodic table. It is used as an ingredient in red signal flares and phosphors and is the principal health hazard in radioactive fallout. atomic number 38 atomic weight 87.62 melting point 769 °C (1,416 °F)

  • strontium fluoride (chemical compound)

    optical ceramics: Optical and infrared windows: … (KCl), calcium fluoride (CaF), and strontium fluoride (SrF2) have been used for erosion-resistant infrared radomes, windows for infrared detectors, and infrared laser windows. These polycrystalline halide materials tend to transmit lower wavelengths than oxides, extending down to the infrared region; however, their grain boundaries and porosity scatter radiation. Therefore, they…

  • strontium hydroxide (chemical compound)

    strontium: Compounds: Strontium hydroxide, Sr(OH)2, is sometimes used to extract sugar from molasses because it forms a soluble saccharide from which the sugar can be easily regenerated by the action of carbon dioxide. Strontium monosulfide, SrS, is employed as a depilatory and as an ingredient in phosphors…

  • strontium monosulfide (chemical compound)

    strontium: Compounds: Strontium monosulfide, SrS, is employed as a depilatory and as an ingredient in phosphors for electroluminescent devices and luminous paints.

  • strontium oxide (chemical compound)

    crystal: Ionic bonds: … (CaS), barium selenide (BaSe), or strontium oxide (SrO). They have the same structure as sodium chloride, with each atom having six neighbours. Oxygen can be combined with various cations to form a large number of ionically bonded solids.

  • strontium-89 (isotope)

    strontium: Occurrence, properties, and uses: Strontium-89 is employed in the treatment of bone cancer, as it targets bone tissues, delivers its beta radiation, and then decays in a few months’ time (half-life 51 days).

  • strontium-90 (chemical isotope)

    strontium: Occurrence, properties, and uses: …of which the longest-lived is strontium-90 (28.9-year half-life). This isotope, formed by nuclear explosions, is considered the most dangerous constituent of fallout. Because of its chemical resemblance to calcium, it is assimilated in bones and teeth, where it continues ejecting electrons that cause radiation injury by damaging bone marrow, impairing…

  • Stroock, Daniel (American mathematician)

    S.R. Srinivasa Varadhan: …work, Varadhan and American mathematician Daniel Stroock studied diffusion processes and obtained important results in population genetics. In work with the Greek-born American mathematician George Papanicolaou and Chinese mathematician Maozheng Guo, Varadhan obtained important new results in hydrodynamics, which he later extended to give new methods for the theory of…

  • Stroop, Jurgen (German major general)

    Warsaw Ghetto Uprising: SS Major General Jürgen Stroop supervised the coup de grace: the dynamiting of the Great Synagogue of Warsaw. Thereupon he wrote his report: “The Warsaw Ghetto Is No More.”

  • stroopwafel (food)

    Stroopwafel, (Dutch: “syrup waffle”) a popular Dutch treat similar to a cookie, featuring two thin wafflelike wafers with a sweet filling. Stroopwafel was first made in Gouda, Netherlands, possibly in the late 18th century. The batter—which is typically made from flour, milk, eggs, butter, brown

  • strophanthin (chemical compound)

    Strophanthus: …species contain toxic alkaloids called strophanthins, which are used as arrow poisons and in low dosages as cardiac and vascular stimulants. One species, S. sarmentosus, is a source of the drug cortisone.

  • Strophanthus (plant genus)

    Strophanthus, genus of ornamental and drug plants in the dogbane family (Apocynaceae), with more than 40 species of woody vines, shrubs, or small trees that are native to tropical Africa and Southeast Asia. The flower petals of some species are drawn out into long threads. The bark and seeds of

  • Strophanthus sarmentosus (plant)

    Strophanthus: One species, S. sarmentosus, is a source of the drug cortisone.

  • Stropharia cubensis (fungus)

    psilocin and psilocybin: cubensis (formerly Stropharia cubensis). Hallucinogenic mushrooms used in religious ceremonies by the Indians of Mexico were considered sacred and were called “god’s flesh” by the Aztecs. In the 1950s the active principles psilocin and psilocybin were isolated from the Mexican mushrooms. As a result of their subsequent…

  • strophe (literature)

    Stanza, a division of a poem consisting of two or more lines arranged together as a unit. More specifically, a stanza usually is a group of lines arranged together in a recurring pattern of metrical lengths and a sequence of rhymes. The structure of a stanza (also called a strophe or stave) is

  • strophe (music and literature)

    Strophe, in poetry, a group of verses that form a distinct unit within a poem. The term is sometimes used as a synonym for stanza, usually in reference to a Pindaric ode or to a poem that does not have a regular metre and rhyme pattern, such as free verse. In ancient Greek drama the strophe was the

  • stropheion (stage device)

    theatre: Visual and spatial aspects: …a distant city, and a stropheion, a revolving machine, used to show heroes in heaven or battles at sea.

  • Stropheodonta (fossil brachiopod genus)

    Stropheodonta, genus of small, extinct brachiopods (lamp shells) found as fossils in Devonian marine rocks (those about 359 million to 416 million years old). Stropheodonta has a distinctive internal structure and a shell form with fine linear and arcuate (bowlike) markings on its concavo-convex

  • strophic aria (music)

    cantata: …of the cantata in earlier strophic arias (in which the melody for each strophe, or stanza, was varied over a constant bass) and such earlier vocal works of chamber proportion as the late madrigals of Claudio Monteverdi.

  • Strophocheilacea (gastropod superfamily)

    gastropod: Classification: Superfamily Strophocheilacea Large helicoidal to elongated shells of South America (Strophocheilidae) or southwestern Africa (Dorcasiidae). Order Sigmurethra Ureter originates near anterior margin of kidney, follows backward to posterior end, then reflexes forward along hindgut to open

  • Strophocheilidae (gastropod family)

    gastropod: Classification: …shells of South America (Strophocheilidae) or southwestern Africa (Dorcasiidae). Order Sigmurethra Ureter originates near anterior margin of kidney, follows backward to posterior end, then reflexes forward along hindgut to open alongside anus; position greatly altered in sluglike forms; about 18,000 species. Suborder

  • Strophomena (fossil brachiopod genus)

    Strophomena, genus of extinct brachiopods (lamp shells) found as fossils in Middle and Upper Ordovician marine rocks (those ranging in age from 438 million to 478 million years old). The shell consists of two parts, or valves, dissimilar in shape—one strongly convex, the other concave. A

  • Strophomenida (brachiopod order)

    lamp shells: Annotated classification: Order Strophomenida Teeth deltidiodont when present; ventral muscles large; shell substance pseudopunctate (with rods of calcite), rarely impunctate; more than 400 genera; mid-Ordovician to Early Jurassic. Order Pentamerida Biconvex, ventral valve usually with a spondylium (united dental plates); delthyrium usually open; dorsal-valve brachiophores

  • ?trossmajer, Josip Juraj (bishop of Bosnia and Sirmium)

    Joseph George Strossmayer, Croatian Roman Catholic bishop who inspired and led the National Party, which was dedicated to the development of a strong Yugoslav nationalist movement. Ordained in 1838, Strossmayer became lecturer in theology at Vienna and chaplain to the Austrian emperor. In 1850 he

  • Strossmayer, Joseph George (bishop of Bosnia and Sirmium)

    Joseph George Strossmayer, Croatian Roman Catholic bishop who inspired and led the National Party, which was dedicated to the development of a strong Yugoslav nationalist movement. Ordained in 1838, Strossmayer became lecturer in theology at Vienna and chaplain to the Austrian emperor. In 1850 he

  • Stroszek (film by Herzog [1977])

    Werner Herzog: Herzog’s most realistic film, Stroszek (1977), is a bittersweet tale of isolation concerning a German immigrant who, with his two misfit companions, finds the dairy lands of Wisconsin to be lonelier and bleaker than the slums of Berlin. Herzog’s other films included Herz aus Glas (1977; Heart of Glass),…

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    Stroud, town (parish) and district, administrative and historic county of Gloucestershire, south-central England. The district occupies an area in the south-central part of the county between the cities of Bristol to the southwest and Gloucester to the north; it borders the River Severn on the

  • Stroud (England, United Kingdom)

    Stroud: town (parish) and district, administrative and historic county of Gloucestershire, south-central England. The district occupies an area in the south-central part of the county between the cities of Bristol to the southwest and Gloucester to the north; it borders the River Severn on the west.…

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    Robert Stroud: …prison and published; his book, Stroud’s Digest on the Diseases of Birds, published in 1943, was an important work in the field. In 1942, however, Stroud was transferred to Alcatraz, where he was allowed to continue his research but was denied further right of publication. In 1959 he was transferred…

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