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  • Sufyānid (Islamic rulers)

    Umayyad dynasty: …branches of the family: the Sufyānids (reigned 661–684), descendants of Abū Sufyān; and the Marwanids (reigned 684–750), Marwān I ibn al-Hakam and his successors. The Sufyānids, notably Mu?āwiyah I (reigned 661–680), centralized caliphal authority in Damascus. The Syrian army became the basis of Umayyad strength, enabling the creation of a…

  • sugar (chemical compound)

    Sugar, any of numerous sweet, colourless, water-soluble compounds present in the sap of seed plants and the milk of mammals and making up the simplest group of carbohydrates. (See also carbohydrate.) The most common sugar is sucrose, a crystalline tabletop and industrial sweetener used in foods and

  • Sugar Act (Great Britain [1764])

    Sugar Act, (1764), in U.S. colonial history, British legislation aimed at ending the smuggling trade in sugar and molasses from the French and Dutch West Indies and at providing increased revenues to fund enlarged British Empire responsibilities following the French and Indian War. Actually a

  • sugar alcohol (chemical compound)

    monosaccharide: Important sugar alcohols (alditols), formed by the reduction of (i.e., addition of hydrogen to) a monosaccharide, include sorbitol (glucitol) from glucose and mannitol from mannose; both are used as sweetening agents. Glycosides derived from monosaccharides are widespread in nature, especially in plants. Amino sugars (i.e., sugars…

  • sugar apple (tree and fruit)

    Sweetsop, (Annona squamosa), small tree or shrub of the custard apple family (Annonaceae). Native to the West Indies and tropical America, sweetsop has been widely introduced to the Eastern Hemisphere tropics. The fruit contains a sweet custardlike pulp, which may be eaten raw. See also custard

  • sugar apple (plant)

    Annonaceae: The custard apple (A. reticulata), a small tropical American tree, gives the family one of its common names. Also known as bullock’s-heart for its globose shape, it has fruits with creamy white, sweetish, custardlike flesh. Cherimoya (A. cherimola), soursop (A. muricata), and sweetsop (A. squamosa) are…

  • Sugar Baby (watermelon variety)

    vegetable farming: Planting: The Sugar Baby variety has an average weight of 1.4 ounces (41 grams) for 1,000 seeds; those of Blackstone variety average 4.4 ounces (125 grams). If the two are grown on two separate plots of the same area and 4.4 ounces of seeds of each cultivar…

  • sugar beet (plant)

    Sugar beet, (Beta vulgaris), form of beet of the amaranth family (Amaranthaceae), cultivated as a source of sugar. Sugar beet juice contains high levels of sucrose and is second only to sugarcane as the major source of the world’s sugar. For information on the processing of beet sugar and the

  • sugar beet nematode (worm)

    plant disease: Nematode diseases: A related, cyst-forming species, the sugar beet nematode (H. schachtii), is a pest that has restricted acreage of sugar beets in Europe, Asia, and America.

  • sugar beet pulp (product)

    sugar: Washing and extraction: Some 98 percent of the sugar is extracted to form what is known as diffusion juice, or raw juice.

  • sugar bloom

    cocoa: Care and storage: …it on the surface as sugar bloom, distinguished from fat bloom by its sandy texture.

  • Sugar Bowl (American football game)

    Sugar Bowl, postseason American collegiate gridiron football game played on New Year’s Eve or New Year’s Day in New Orleans. The bowl hosts, in a rotation along with the Cotton, Fiesta, Orange, Peach, and Rose bowls, a semifinal game of the College Football Playoff, which determines college

  • Sugar Hill Records (American company)

    Sugar Hill Records: “Rapper's Delight”: Launched in 1979 by industry veterans Sylvia and Joe Robinson as a label for rap music (at that time a new genre), Sugar Hill Records, based in Englewood, New Jersey, was named after the upmarket section of Harlem and funded by Manhattan-based distributor Maurice Levy.…

  • Sugar Hill Records: Rapper’s Delight

    Launched in 1979 by industry veterans Sylvia and Joe Robinson as a label for rap music (at that time a new genre), Sugar Hill Records, based in Englewood, New Jersey, was named after the upmarket section of Harlem and funded by Manhattan-based distributor Maurice Levy. Sylvia (born Sylvia

  • Sugar Kings (baseball team)

    Latin Americans in Major League Baseball Through the First Years of the 21st Century: The 1930s through World War II: …AAA International League as the Sugar Kings, a Cincinnati Reds farm team, and became a developer of Latin and not just Cuban talent. Future Cuban major leaguers such as Leonardo Cárdenas, Cookie Rojas, Raúl Sánchez, Miguel Cuéllar, and Orlando Pe?a played for the Sugar Kings, as did Puerto Rican standout…

  • Sugar Loaf (mountain, Brazil)

    Sugar Loaf, landmark peak overlooking Rio de Janeiro and the entrance of Guanabara Bay, in southeastern Brazil. Named for its shape, the conical, granitic peak (1,296 feet [395 metres]) lies at the end of a short range between Rio de Janeiro and the Atlantic Ocean. At its base is the fortress of

  • sugar maple (plant)

    Sugar maple, (Acer saccharum), large tree in the soapberry family (Sapindaceae), native to eastern North America and widely grown as an ornamental and shade tree. It is commercially important as a source of maple syrup, maple sugar, and hardwood lumber useful in furniture manufacture and flooring.

  • sugar palm (plant)

    palm: Economic importance: …of the sugar palm (Arenga pinnata), the palmyra palm (Borassus flabellifer), the wild date (Phoenix sylvestris), the toddy palm (Caryota urens), the nipa palm, and the gebang and talipot palms (Corypha elata and C. umbraculifera). Wine is made from species of the

  • sugar pea (legume)

    pea: Some varieties, including sugar peas and snow peas, produce pods that are edible and are eaten raw or cooked like green beans; they are popular in East Asian cuisines. The plants are fairly easy to grow, and the seeds are a good source of protein and dietary fibre.

  • sugar phosphate (chemical compound)

    photosynthesis: Elucidation of the carbon pathway: …compound called 3-phosphoglycerate (abbreviated PGA), sugar phosphates, amino acids, sucrose, and carboxylic acids. When photosynthesis was stopped after two seconds, the principal radioactive product was PGA, which therefore was identified as the first stable compound formed during carbon dioxide fixation in green plants. PGA is a three-carbon compound, and the…

  • sugar pine (tree)

    pine: Major North American pines: The sugar pine (P. lambertiana) of California is the largest known pine, often 60 to 70 metres (197 to 230 feet) tall and with a trunk diameter of 2 or even 3.5 metres (6.5 to 11.5 feet). Its crown is pyramidal, with horizontal or slightly drooping…

  • Sugar Revolution (Barbadian history)

    Barbados: British rule: The Sugar Revolution, as it is called, had momentous social, economic, and political consequences. The elite in Barbados chose a form of sugar production that yielded the greatest level of profit—but at great social cost. They decided to establish large sugarcane plantations, cultivated by oppressed labourers…

  • Sugar Trust Case (law case)

    United States v. E.C. Knight Company, (1895), legal case in which the U.S. Supreme Court first interpreted the Sherman Antitrust Act of 1890. The case began when the E.C. Knight Company gained control of the American Sugar Refining Company. By 1892 American Sugar enjoyed a virtual monopoly of

  • Sugar, Bert (American sportswriter)

    Bert Sugar, (Herbert Randolph Sugar), American sportswriter (born June 7, 1936, Washington, D.C.—died March 25, 2012, Mount Kisco, N.Y.), delighted boxing fans for more than three decades as a flamboyant repository of boxing knowledge and legend. Sugar, a popular raconteur as well as a vivid and

  • sugar, blood (biochemistry)

    Glucose, one of a group of carbohydrates known as simple sugars (monosaccharides). Glucose (from Greek glykys; “sweet”) has the molecular formula C6H12O6. It is found in fruits and honey and is the major free sugar circulating in the blood of higher animals. It is the source of energy in cell

  • sugar, corn (biochemistry)

    Glucose, one of a group of carbohydrates known as simple sugars (monosaccharides). Glucose (from Greek glykys; “sweet”) has the molecular formula C6H12O6. It is found in fruits and honey and is the major free sugar circulating in the blood of higher animals. It is the source of energy in cell

  • sugar, fruit (chemical compound)

    Fructose, a member of a group of carbohydrates known as simple sugars, or monosaccharides. Fructose, along with glucose, occurs in fruits, honey, and syrups; it also occurs in certain vegetables. It is a component, along with glucose, of the disaccharide sucrose, or common table sugar. Phosphate

  • sugar, grape (biochemistry)

    Glucose, one of a group of carbohydrates known as simple sugars (monosaccharides). Glucose (from Greek glykys; “sweet”) has the molecular formula C6H12O6. It is found in fruits and honey and is the major free sugar circulating in the blood of higher animals. It is the source of energy in cell

  • Sugar, Herbert Randolph (American sportswriter)

    Bert Sugar, (Herbert Randolph Sugar), American sportswriter (born June 7, 1936, Washington, D.C.—died March 25, 2012, Mount Kisco, N.Y.), delighted boxing fans for more than three decades as a flamboyant repository of boxing knowledge and legend. Sugar, a popular raconteur as well as a vivid and

  • sugar, simple (chemical compound)

    Monosaccharide, any of the basic compounds that serve as the building blocks of carbohydrates. Monosaccharides are polyhydroxy aldehydes or ketones; that is, they are molecules with more than one hydroxyl group (―OH), and a carbonyl group (C=O) either at the terminal carbon atom (aldose) or at the

  • sugar-lift aquatint (printmaking)

    printmaking: Lift-ground etching (sugar-lift aquatint): In lift-ground etching, a positive image is etched on an aquatint plate by drawing with a water-soluble ground. In the conventional aquatint technique, the artist controls the image by stopping out negative areas with varnish, thus working around the positive image.…

  • sugarbeet leafhopper (insect)

    curly top: …Europe, and Asia by the beet leafhopper (Circulifer tenullus) and in South America by Agalliana ensigera, which overwinter on wild plant hosts and in the spring migrate to sugar beet fields, their preferred hosts. The disease may be avoided by planting a thick stand as early as possible or when…

  • sugarcane (plant)

    Sugarcane, (Saccharum officinarum), perennial grass of the family Poaceae, primarily cultivated for its juice from which sugar is processed. Most of the world’s sugarcane is grown in subtropical and tropical areas. The plant is also grown for biofuel production, especially in Brazil, as the canes

  • sugarcane beetle (insect)

    tachinid fly: For example, the sugarcane beetle borer population in Hawaii has been reduced by the tachinid Ceromasia sphenophori from New Guinea; the coconut moth in Fiji has been controlled by the Malayan tachinid Ptychomyia remota; and Centeter cinerea was transplanted to the United States to check the destructive Japanese…

  • sugarcane borer (insect)

    pyralid moth: …the European corn borer, the sugarcane borer, and the grass webworm. Adults of these species are called snout moths because their larvae are characterized by elongated snoutlike mouthparts. The larval stage of the European corn borer (Pyrausta nubilalis; also called Ostrinia nubilalis) is the most important insect pest of maize…

  • sugarcane froghopper (insect)

    froghopper: The sugarcane froghopper (Euryaulax carnifex) is very destructive in Trinidad. Aphrophora species are serious pests of willow and pine. One group of froghoppers secretes small calcareous tubes that resemble snail shells and were once classified as snails by zoologists.

  • Sugarcubes, the (Icelandic musical group)

    Bj?rk: …punk group that eventually became the Sugarcubes. With Bj?rk as lead vocalist, the Sugarcubes won acclaim in the United Kingdom with their first album, Life’s Too Good (1986). After recording two more albums over the next five years, Here Today, Tomorrow, Next Week! and Stick Around for Joy, the band…

  • Sugarhill Gang (American music group)

    hip-hop: Origins and the old school: …with the release of the Sugarhill Gang’s song “Rapper’s Delight” (1979) on the independent African American-owned label Sugar Hill. Within weeks of its release, it had become a chart-topping phenomenon and given its name to a new genre of pop music. The major pioneers of rapping were Grandmaster Flash and…

  • Sugarland Express, The (film by Spielberg [1974])

    Steven Spielberg: Early life and work: …released motion pictures, beginning with The Sugarland Express (1974), a chase picture with deft accents of comedy but an inexorable movement toward tragedy; it was anchored by Goldie Hawn’s performance.

  • sugarplum tree (plant)

    Sugarplum tree, (Lagunaria patersoni), plant of the mallow family (Malvaceae), native to Australia and grown in warm temperate regions as an ornamental. Because of its shapely growth and regularly spaced branches, it is sometimes grown along avenues. The tree grows to about 15 m (50 feet) in height

  • Sugawara Michizane (Japanese scholar and statesman)

    Sugawara Michizane, Japanese political figure and scholar of Chinese literature of the Heian period, who was later deified as Tenjin, the patron of scholarship and literature. Sugawara was born into a family of scholars, and as a boy he began studying the Chinese classics. After passing the

  • Sugawara Takasue no Musume (Japanese writer)

    Sarashina nikki: …by a woman known as Sugawara Takasue no Musume (“Daughter of Sugawara Takasue”), also called Lady Sarashina. The work was translated into English as As I Crossed a Bridge of Dreams.

  • Sugbuhanon (people)

    Cebuano, the second largest ethnolinguistic group (after Tagalog) in the Philippines, numbering roughly 16.5 million in the second decade of the 21st century. They speak an Austronesian (Malayo-Polynesian) language and are sometimes grouped with the Hiligaynon and Waray-Waray under the generic name

  • Sugbuhanon language

    Cebuano language, member of the Western, or Indonesian, branch of the Austronesian (Malayo-Polynesian) language family. It was spoken in the early 21st century by roughly 18.5 million people in the Philippines (speakers are spread over eastern Negros, Cebu, Bohol, western Leyte, the Camotes

  • Sugden, Mary Isobel (British actress)

    Mollie Sugden, (Mary Isobel Sugden), British actress (born July 21, 1922, Keighley, West Yorkshire, Eng.—died July 1, 2009, Guildford, Surrey, Eng.), gained cult status on both sides of the Atlantic as ladies’ wear department head Mrs. Betty Slocombe on BBC television’s bawdy sitcom Are You Being

  • Sugden, Mollie (British actress)

    Mollie Sugden, (Mary Isobel Sugden), British actress (born July 21, 1922, Keighley, West Yorkshire, Eng.—died July 1, 2009, Guildford, Surrey, Eng.), gained cult status on both sides of the Atlantic as ladies’ wear department head Mrs. Betty Slocombe on BBC television’s bawdy sitcom Are You Being

  • Suger (French abbot)

    Suger, French abbot and adviser to kings Louis VI and VII whose supervision of the rebuilding of the abbey church of Saint-Denis was instrumental in the development of the Gothic style of architecture. Suger was born of peasant parents. As a child he showed unusual intelligence, and in 1091 he was

  • suggestibility (psychology)

    Suggestion, in psychology, process of leading a person to respond uncritically, as in belief or action. The mode of suggestion, while usually verbal, may be visual or may involve any other sense. The suggestion may be symbolic. For instance, a person who is allergic to roses may develop an attack

  • suggestion (psychology)

    Suggestion, in psychology, process of leading a person to respond uncritically, as in belief or action. The mode of suggestion, while usually verbal, may be visual or may involve any other sense. The suggestion may be symbolic. For instance, a person who is allergic to roses may develop an attack

  • Suggs, Louise (American golfer)

    Louise Suggs, American golfer who was a pioneer of women’s golf; she cofounded (1950) the Ladies Professional Golf Association and won 61 career LPGA tournaments. Suggs learned to play golf at a nine-hole course in Lithia Springs, Georgia, that her father built and managed. She developed a powerful

  • Suggs, Mae Louise (American golfer)

    Louise Suggs, American golfer who was a pioneer of women’s golf; she cofounded (1950) the Ladies Professional Golf Association and won 61 career LPGA tournaments. Suggs learned to play golf at a nine-hole course in Lithia Springs, Georgia, that her father built and managed. She developed a powerful

  • Sugimori Nobumori (Japanese dramatist)

    Chikamatsu Monzaemon, Japanese playwright, widely regarded as among the greatest dramatists of that country. He is credited with more than 100 plays, most of which were written as jōruri dramas, performed by puppets. He was the first author of jōruri to write works that not only gave the puppet

  • Sugimoto Hiroshi (Japanese photographer)

    Hiroshi Sugimoto, Japanese photographer whose realistic images of intangible or impossible phenomena challenged the understanding of photography as an “objective” art form. Sugimoto received a B.A. in sociology and politics from St. Paul’s University in Tokyo in 1970. In 1972 he obtained a B.F.A.

  • Sugimoto, Hiroshi (Japanese photographer)

    Hiroshi Sugimoto, Japanese photographer whose realistic images of intangible or impossible phenomena challenged the understanding of photography as an “objective” art form. Sugimoto received a B.A. in sociology and politics from St. Paul’s University in Tokyo in 1970. In 1972 he obtained a B.F.A.

  • Sugimoto: Portraits (photography exhibition by Sugimoto)

    Hiroshi Sugimoto: …Deutsche Guggenheim Berlin presented “Sugimoto: Portraits,” which traveled to New York City in 2001. Sugimoto’s life-sized black-and-white images of figures from wax museums were photographed in the spirit of Renaissance portraiture. In many of those portraits the subjects look as if they actually sat for the photographer.

  • Sugimura Jihei (Japanese artist)

    Japanese art: Wood-block prints: The Insistent Lover by Sugimura Jihei provides an excellent example of the lush and complex mood achievable with the medium. Within a seemingly uncomplicated composition Jihei represents a tipsy brothel guest lunging for a courtesan while an attendant averts her eyes. This scene, likely played out hundreds of times…

  • Sugpiaq (people)

    Aleut, a native of the Aleutian Islands and the western portion of the Alaska Peninsula of northwestern North America. The name Aleut derives from the Russian; the people refer to themselves as the Unangax? and the Sugpiaq. (The Sugpiaq pronounce the Russian-introduced name Aleut “Alutiiq.”) These

  • Sugpiaq language

    Eskimo-Aleut languages: Yupik: …spoken southward from Norton Sound; Pacific Yupik, commonly called Alutiiq, spoken from the Alaska Peninsula eastward to Prince William Sound; Naukanski Siberian Yupik, whose speakers were resettled southward from Cape Dezhnyov, the easternmost point of the Eurasian landmass; Central Siberian Yupik (mainly Chaplinski), which is spoken in the Chukchi Peninsula…

  • Sūhāj (governorate, Egypt)

    Sūhāj, mu?āfa?ah (governorate) in Upper Egypt, south of Asyū? and north of Qinā governorates. It is a ribbonlike stretch of the fertile Nile River valley about 60 miles (100 km) long. Through it the Nile flows in a roughly 13-mile- (21-km-) wide flat-bottomed valley hemmed in by limestone cliffs

  • Sūhāj (Egypt)

    Sūhāj, town and capital of Sūhāj mu?āfa?ah (governorate) in the Nile River valley of Upper Egypt. The town is located on the Nile’s western bank between Asyū? and Jirjā, immediately across from Akhmīm on the eastern bank. It has cotton-ginning, textile-weaving, and food-processing factories.

  • ?u?ār (Oman)

    ?u?ār, town and port, northern Oman. It is situated about 120 miles (190 km) northwest of Muscat on the Al-Bā?inah coast of the Gulf of Oman. ?u?ār’s origins are prehistoric; it is located near the sites of several ancient copper mines, some possibly dating to 2500 bc. The town became an early

  • Suhard, Emmanuel (French cardinal)

    worker-priest: …was given support by Cardinal Emmanuel Suhard of Paris. Their experiences impelled some of the worker-priests to become politically active, joining their fellow workers in various demonstrations regarding such matters as housing, antiracism, and peace. The movement was ordered discontinued in 1954 by Pius XII and again in 1959 by…

  • Suharto (president of Indonesia)

    Suharto, army officer and political leader who was president of Indonesia from 1967 to 1998. His three decades of uninterrupted rule gave Indonesia much-needed political stability and sustained economic growth, but his authoritarian regime finally fell victim to an economic downturn and its own

  • Suharto, Siti Hartinah (wife of Indonesian president)

    Siti Hartinah Suharto, ("IBU TIEN"), Javanese-born wife of Indonesian President Suharto who was his trusted confident and, though never overtly involved in politics, was instrumental in the introduction of legal limitations on traditional Islamic polygamy in Indonesia, the world’s most populous

  • Sühbaatar (Mongolia)

    Sühbaatar, town, northern Mongolia, situated about 160 miles (260 km) north-northwest of the capital Ulaanbaatar at the confluence of the Orhon and Selenga rivers. Sühbaatar was founded in 1940 at the head of navigation on the Selenga. The town is named after the Mongolian revolutionary leader

  • Sühbaatar Square (square, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia)

    Ulaanbaatar: …and its central feature was Sühbaatar Square, site of a Neoclassic government building, a history museum, and the national theatre. The city is also the site of the National University of Mongolia (1942), several professional and technical schools, and the Academy of Sciences of Mongolia.

  • Sühbaatar, Damdiny (Mongolian leader)

    Damdiny Sühbaatar, cofounder and leader of the Mongolian People’s Revolutionary Party, who was the major force in the founding of the communist Mongolian People’s Republic. Sühbaatar joined the army as a young man, trained as a machine gunner, and received the honorific title Baatar (“Hero”) for

  • Suhl (Germany)

    Suhl, city, Thuringia Land (state), central Germany, situated on the Lauter River in the Thüringer Forest. First mentioned in 1239, it was chartered in 1527. In 1815 it passed with electoral Saxony to Prussia. Notable buildings include the 16th–17th-century castle and the Baroque Kreuz Church

  • Suhrawardī, Abū Najīb al- (Muslim mystic)

    Suhrawardīyah: …discipline, founded in Baghdad by Abū Najīb as-Suhrawardī and developed by his nephew ?Umar as-Suhrawardī. The order’s ritual prayers (dhikr) are based upon thousands of repetitions of seven names of God, identified with seven “subtle spirits” (la?ā?if sab?ah) which in turn correspond to seven lights.

  • Suhrawardī, as- (Persian mystic)

    As-Suhrawardī, mystic theologian and philosopher who was a leading figure of the illuminationist school of Islamic philosophy, attempting to create a synthesis between philosophy and mysticism. After studying at E?fahān, a leading centre of Islamic scholarship, as-Suhrawardī traveled through Iran,

  • Suhrawardīyah (?ūfī order)

    Suhrawardīyah, Muslim order of mystics (?ūfīs) noted for the severity of its spiritual discipline, founded in Baghdad by Abū Najīb as-Suhrawardī and developed by his nephew ?Umar as-Suhrawardī. The order’s ritual prayers (dhikr) are based upon thousands of repetitions of seven names of God,

  • Suhrawardy, Hussain Shaheed (Pakistani politician)

    Pakistan: Political decline and bureaucratic ascendancy: …and the Awami League of Hussein Shaheed Suhrawardy, Mujibur Rahman, and Maulana Bhashani. When the ballots were counted, the Muslim League had not only lost the election, it had been virtually eliminated as a viable political force in the province. Fazlul Haq was given the opportunity to form the new…

  • su?ūr (Islam)

    Ramadan: …meal before dawn, called the su?ūr.

  • Sūi (Pakistan)

    Sūi, town, Balochistān province, southern Pakistan, located northeast of Jacobābād. It rose to importance in 1950–51 through the discovery of one of the world’s largest natural-gas deposits. Operations began in 1955 with the laying of pipelines to provide a cheap source of fuel and power for

  • Sui dynasty (Chinese history)

    Sui dynasty, (581–618 ce), short-lived Chinese dynasty that unified the country after four centuries of fragmentation in which North and South China had gone quite different ways. The Sui also set the stage for and began to set in motion an artistic and cultural renaissance that reached its zenith

  • Sui Gaozu (emperor of Sui dynasty)

    Wendi, posthumous name (shi) of the emperor (reigned 581–604) who reunified and reorganized China after 300 years of instability, founding the Sui dynasty (581–618). He conquered southern China, which long had been divided into numerous small kingdoms, and he broke the power of the Turks in the

  • suiboku-ga (Japanese painting style)

    Suiboku-ga, Japanese monochrome ink painting, a technique first developed in China during the Sung dynasty (960–1274) and taken to Japan by Zen Buddhist monks in the mid-14th century. Although generally content to copy Chinese models, early Japanese artists also excelled in the field of

  • suicide

    Suicide, the act of intentionally taking one’s own life. Because this definition does not specify the outcome of such acts, it is customary to distinguish between fatal suicide and attempted, or nonfatal, suicide. Throughout history, suicide has been both condemned and condoned by various

  • Suicide (work by Durkheim)

    émile Durkheim: Analytic methods: …and in Le Suicide (1897; Suicide). In Durkheim’s view, ethical and social structures were being endangered by the advent of technology and mechanization. He believed that societies with undifferentiated labour (i.e., primitive societies) exhibited mechanical solidarity, while societies with a high division of labour, or increased specialization (i.e., modern societies),…

  • suicide bombing

    Suicide bombing, an act in which an individual personally delivers explosives and detonates them to inflict the greatest possible damage, killing himself or herself in the process. Suicide bombings are particularly shocking on account of their indiscriminate nature, clearly intending to kill or

  • suicide clause

    insurance: Other provisions: Another protective clause is the suicide clause, which states that after a given period, usually two years, the insurer may not deny liability for subsequent suicide of the insured. If suicide occurs within the period, the insurer tenders to the beneficiary only the premiums that have been paid. If the…

  • Suicide in B-flat (play by Shepard)

    Sam Shepard: …the Hollywood entertainment industry; and Suicide in B-flat (produced 1976) exploits the potentials of music as an expression of character.

  • Suicide Squad (film by Ayer [2016])

    Jared Leto: …the critical and box-office failure Suicide Squad (2016). He then appeared in Blade Runner 2049 (2017) and The Outsider (2018).

  • Suicide Squad (comic-book team)

    supervillain: New century villainy: …the modern version of DC’s Suicide Squad, which debuted in Legends #3 (January 1987). This is a covert government strike force that is primarily composed of supervillains who agree to go on missions in exchange for a pardon. Members have included such notorious costumed criminals as Captain Boomerang, Captain Cold,…

  • suicide terrorism (violence)

    terrorism: History: …11 attacks (2001), in which suicide terrorists associated with al-Qaeda hijacked four commercial airplanes, crashing two of them into the twin towers of the World Trade Center complex in New York City and the third into the Pentagon building near Washington, D.C.; the fourth plane crashed near Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. The…

  • suicide tree (plant)

    Suicide tree, (Tachigali versicolor), tropical tree of the pea family (Fabaceae), found in old-growth forests from Costa Rica to northern Colombia and named for its imminent demise after fruiting. The suicide tree possesses one of the densest and hardest woods of any Central American tree and is

  • suid (mammal)

    Suid, any member of the family Suidae, hoofed mammals, order Artiodactyla, including the wild and domestic pigs. Suids are stout animals with small eyes and coarse, sometimes sparse, hair. All have muzzles ending in a rounded cartilage disk used to dig for food. Some species have tusks. Suids are

  • Suidae (mammal)

    Suid, any member of the family Suidae, hoofed mammals, order Artiodactyla, including the wild and domestic pigs. Suids are stout animals with small eyes and coarse, sometimes sparse, hair. All have muzzles ending in a rounded cartilage disk used to dig for food. Some species have tusks. Suids are

  • Suidas (encyclopaedia)

    encyclopaedia: The role of encyclopaedias: …as the 10th- or 11th-century Suidas, forms a convenient bridge between the dictionary and the encyclopaedia, in that it combines the essential features of both, embellishing them where necessary with pictures or diagrams, at the same time that it reduces most entries to a few lines that can provide a…

  • Suiderlik Karoo (plateau, South Africa)

    Little Karoo, intermontane plateau basin in Western Cape province, South Africa, lying between the east-west oriented Groot-Swart Mountains (north), the Lange Mountains (southwest), and the Outeniqua Mountains (southeast), with the discontinuous Kammanassie Mountains running between those ranges.

  • Suidger (pope)

    Clement II, pope from 1046 to 1047. Of noble birth, he was bishop of Bamberg, in Germany, when in 1046 he accompanied the German king Henry III on an expedition to Italy, where Henry found three rival popes (Sylvester III, Benedict IX, and Gregory VI), supported by rival Roman families, claiming

  • Suidwes-Afrika

    Namibia, country located on the southwestern coast of Africa. It is bordered by Angola to the north, Zambia to the northeast, Botswana to the east, South Africa to the southeast and south, and the Atlantic Ocean to the west. It ranges from arid in the north to desert on the coast and in the east.

  • Suiformes (mammal)

    artiodactyl: Teeth: Members of the suborder Suiformes have the full complement of incisors and canines, except for peccaries, which lack the lateral pair of upper incisors. Hippopotamuses have continuously growing incisors and canines, the lower canines being very large.

  • Suiheisha (Japanese organization)

    burakumin: …a national organization, Suiheisha (Organization of Levelers), was created, and it engaged in various school boycotts, tax revolts, and other protests until its disbandment in 1941. After World War II, in 1946, a more militant and politically active organization was formed: the Buraku Kaihō Zenkoku Iinkai (All-Japan Committee for…

  • Suika Shintō (Japanese religion)

    Yamazaki Ansai: This amalgamation was known as Suika Shintō.

  • Suiko (empress of Japan)

    Suiko, first reigning empress of Japan in recorded history, the wife of the emperor Bidatsu (reigned 572–585) and the daughter of the emperor Kimmei. Bidatsu was succeeded on the throne by Emperor Yōmei, but when the latter died after a short reign, a feud erupted between the Soga clan and the

  • Suiko Tennō (empress of Japan)

    Suiko, first reigning empress of Japan in recorded history, the wife of the emperor Bidatsu (reigned 572–585) and the daughter of the emperor Kimmei. Bidatsu was succeeded on the throne by Emperor Yōmei, but when the latter died after a short reign, a feud erupted between the Soga clan and the

  • suilei fucai (Chinese aesthetics)

    Chinese painting: Three Kingdoms (220–280) and Six Dynasties (220–589): …the object in portraying forms”); suilei fucai (conforming to kind in applying colours); jingying weizhi (planning and design in placing and positioning); and chuanyi moxie (transmission of ancient models by copying). The last principle seems to refer to the copying of ancient paintings both for technical training and as a…

  • Suillotaxus marchei (mammal)

    badger: …badger or teledu, and the Palawan, or Calamanian, stink badger (M. marchei). The Malayan stink badger is an island dweller of Southeast Asia that usually lives in mountainous areas. It is brown to black with white on the head and sometimes with a stripe on the back. It is 38–51…

  • Suillus (genus of fungi)

    Boletaceae: The 50 species of Suillus form mycorrhizal associations (nutritional “partnerships”) between the filaments of the fungus and the roots of certain trees.

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