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  • Sun-tzu (Chinese strategist)

    Sunzi, reputed author of the Chinese classic Bingfa (The Art of War), the earliest known treatise on war and military science. Sunzi, a military strategist and general who served the state of Wu near the end of the Spring and Autumn Period (770–476 bc), is traditionally considered the author of The

  • Suna no onna (novel by Abe Kōbō)

    The Woman in the Dunes, novel by Abe Kōbō, published in Japanese as Suna no onna in 1962. This avant-garde allegory is esteemed as one of the finest Japanese novels of the post-World War II period; it was the first of Abe’s novels to be translated into English. The protagonist of The Woman in the

  • Suna no onna (film by Teshigahara)

    motion picture: Intensity, intimacy, ubiquity: …film Suna no onna (1964; Woman in the Dunes), for example, a pervading theme of the film is indicated by shots of grains of sand many times enlarged.

  • Sunal, Kemal (Turkish actor)

    Kemal Sunal, Turkish actor (born Nov. 11, 1944, Istanbul, Turkey—died July 3, 2000, Istanbul), delighted audiences on television and in more than 80 Turkish motion pictures, particularly in a long-running series of homey situation comedies; his enormous popularity was evident when the name of one o

  • Sunbadh (Persian leader)

    al-Man?ūr: …755 in Khorāsān, a certain Sunbadh, described as a magi (here probably meaning a follower of the Mazdakite heresy, not an orthodox Zoroastrian), revolted, demanding vengeance for the murdered Abū Muslim. Another group connected with the name of Abū Muslim, the Rāwandiyyah, was charged with belief in the transmigration of…

  • sunbeam snake (snake)

    Sunbeam snake, (genus Xenopeltis), any of two species of primitive, nonvenomous, burrowing snakes of family Xenopeltidae distributed geographically from Southeast Asia to Indonesia and the Philippines. Sunbeam snakes belong to a single genus (Xenopeltis) and are characterized by smooth, glossy,

  • Sunbelt (region, United States)

    Sun Belt, region comprising 15 southern states in the United States and extending from Virginia and Florida in the southeast through Nevada in the southwest, and also including southern California. Between 1970 and 1990, the South grew in population by 36 percent and the West by 51 percent, both

  • sunbird (bird)

    Sunbird, any of about 95 species of the songbird family Nectariniidae (order Passeriformes) that have brilliant plumage in breeding males. They are 9 to 15 cm (3 12 to 6 inches) long and live chiefly on nectar. Unlike hummingbirds, sunbirds rarely hover while feeding but instead perch on the flower

  • sunblock (topical medication)

    therapeutics: Local drug therapy: Sunblocks are used to protect the skin against ultraviolet rays and prevent skin cancer that can result from exposure to such radiation. Acne is controlled with skin cleansers, keratolytics to promote peeling, and topical antibiotics to prevent or treat infection. Physicians use various wet dressings,…

  • Sunblue (work by Avison)

    Margaret Avison: Many of her poems in Sunblue (1978) are based on biblical stories; the poems further investigate her Christian beliefs, and she takes nature as a metaphor for spiritual realities. In 1991 Selected Poems was published. Her later poetry collections include No Time (1989), Not Yet but Still (1997), and Concrete…

  • sunburn (skin disorder)

    Sunburn, acute cutaneous inflammation caused by overexposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation of the so-called UVB wavelength band (290–320 nanometre; a nanometre is 10-9 metre), which originates from sunlight or artificial sources. Reactions to overexposure range in severity from mild redness and

  • Sunbury (Victoria, Australia)

    Sunbury, town, south-central Victoria, Australia, on the road and rail route between Bendigo and the state capital, Melbourne, 24 miles (39 km) to the southeast. The Aboriginal name for the area was Koora Kooracup, but, when a gold rush to Bendigo began in 1851, a hotel (built on Jacksons Creek to

  • Sunbury (Pennsylvania, United States)

    Sunbury, city, seat (1772) of Northumberland county, east-central Pennsylvania, U.S., on the Susquehanna River, 50 miles (80 km) north of Harrisburg. Located on the site of Shamokin, a Susquehanna Indian village, it was laid out in 1772 by John Lukens, surveyor general of Pennsylvania, and named

  • Sunbury (Maine, United States)

    Bangor, city, seat (1816) of Penobscot county, east-central Maine, U.S. It is a port of entry at the head of navigation on the Penobscot River opposite Brewer. The site, visited in 1604 by Samuel de Champlain, was settled in 1769 by Jacob Buswell. First called Kenduskeag Plantation (1776) and later

  • Sunch’?n (South Korea)

    Sunch’?n, city, South Ch?lla (Jeolla) do (province), southern South Korea. Located on the Y?su (Yeosu) Peninsula approximately 90 miles (145 km) southeast of Kwangju (Gwangju), the provincial capital, it is an administrative and economic centre of the eastern part of the province. With neighbouring

  • Suncheon (South Korea)

    Sunch’?n, city, South Ch?lla (Jeolla) do (province), southern South Korea. Located on the Y?su (Yeosu) Peninsula approximately 90 miles (145 km) southeast of Kwangju (Gwangju), the provincial capital, it is an administrative and economic centre of the eastern part of the province. With neighbouring

  • Suncus etruscus (mammal)

    insectivore: Natural history: The white-toothed pygmy shrew (Suncus etruscus), however, weighs less than 2.5 grams (0.09 ounce) and is perhaps the smallest living mammal. Other insectivores, such as the moonrat (Echinosorex gymnura) and the tailless tenrec (Tenrec ecaudatus), attain the size of a small rabbit. Most insectivores are either…

  • Sunda (historical kingdom, Java)

    Gajah Mada: …the western Java kingdom of Sunda. He sent a mission to Sunda expressing the wish of Hayam Wuruk to marry the daughter of the King of Sunda. The King consented and brought the Princess, together with some of his noblemen, to Majapahit. They camped in Bubat, north of the capital,…

  • Sunda Double Trench (Indian Ocean)

    Java Trench, deep submarine depression in the eastern Indian Ocean that extends some 2,000 miles (3,200 km) in a northwest-southeast arc along the southwestern and southern Indonesian archipelago. It is located about 190 miles (305 km) off the southwestern coasts of the islands of Sumatra and Java,

  • Sunda Islands (islands, Southeast Asia)

    Sunda Islands, group of islands extending from the Malay Peninsula to the Moluccas southeast of the Asiatic mainland toward New Guinea. They include the Greater Sundas (Sumatra, Java, Borneo, Celebes, and adjacent smaller islands) and the Lesser Sundas (Bali, Lombok, Sumbawa, Sumba, and Flores, T

  • Sunda pangolin (mammal)

    pangolin: culionensis)—as endangered, and two species—the Sunda pangolin (M. javanica) and the Chinese pangolin—as critically endangered. So dire was the persecution of this group of animals that delegates at the 17th meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) of Wild Fauna…

  • Sunda Shelf (geological formation, Asia)

    Sunda Shelf, stable continental shelf, or platform, a southward extension of mainland Southeast Asia. Most of the platform is covered by shallow seas—including the southern South China Sea, the Gulf of Thailand, and the Java Sea—with depths averaging less than 330 feet (100 metres). Much of the

  • Sunda Strait (channel, Indonesia)

    Sunda Strait, channel, 16–70 miles (26–110 km) wide, between the islands of Java (east) and Sumatra, that links the Java Sea (Pacific Ocean) with the Indian Ocean (south). There are several volcanic islands within the strait, the most famous of which is Krakatoa, which erupted on August 27, 1883,

  • sundae-style yogurt

    dairy product: Yogurt: For set, or sundae-style, yogurt (fruit on the bottom), the cultured mixture is poured into cups containing the fruit, held in a warm room until the milk coagulates (usually about four hours), and then moved to a refrigerated room. For blended (Swiss- or French-style) yogurt, the…

  • Sundance Film Festival (American film festival)

    Sundance Film Festival, independent-film festival held in Park City, Utah, each January. It is one of the most respected and celebrated film festivals in the United States. The Sundance Film Festival began in September 1978 in Salt Lake City, Utah, under the name Utah/United States Film Festival.

  • Sundance Kid (American outlaw)

    Sundance Kid, American outlaw, reputed to be the best shot and fastest gunslinger of the Wild Bunch, a group of robbers and rustlers who ranged through the Rocky Mountains and plateau desert regions of the West in the 1880s and ’90s. Harry Longabaugh left home when he was 15 and took his nickname

  • Sundance Sea (ancient sea, North America)

    Jurassic Period: North America: …collectively as the Carmel and Sundance seas; the Carmel Sea is older and not as deep as the Sundance. In these epicontinental seaways, marine sandstones, mudstones, limestones, and shales were deposited—some with marine fossils. Fully marine sequences interfinger with terrestrial sediments deposited during times of low sea levels and with…

  • Sundanese (people)

    Sundanese, one of the three principal ethnic groups of the island of Java, Indonesia. The Sundanese, estimated to number about 32 million in the early 21st century, are a highland people of western Java, distinguished from the Javanese mainly by their language and their more demonstrative approach

  • Sundanese language

    Austronesian languages: Major languages: … of the Philippines; Malay, Javanese, Sundanese, Madurese, Minangkabau, the Batak languages, Acehnese, Balinese, and Buginese of western Indonesia; and Malagasy of Madagascar. Each of these languages has more than one million speakers. Javanese alone accounts for about one-quarter of all speakers of Austronesian languages,

  • Sundarbans (geographical region, Asia)

    Sundarbans, vast tract of forest and saltwater swamp forming the lower part of the Padma (Ganges [Ganga])-Brahmaputra River delta in southeastern West Bengal state, northeastern India, and southern Bangladesh. The tract extends approximately 160 miles (260 km) west-east along the Bay of Bengal from

  • Sundarbans National Park (national park, India)

    Sundarbans National Park, large natural area in extreme southeastern West Bengal state, northeastern India. The park, created in 1984 as a core area within the larger Sundarbans Tiger Preserve (established 1973), has an area of 514 square miles (1,330 square km). The combined entities occupy and

  • Sunday (day of week)

    Sunday, the first day of the week. It is regarded by most Christians as the Lord’s Day, or the weekly memorial of Jesus Christ’s Resurrection from the dead. The practice of Christians gathering together for worship on Sunday dates back to apostolic times, but details of the actual development of

  • Sunday Afternoon on the Island of La Grande Jatte (painting by Seurat)

    Georges Seurat: …in preparation for his masterpiece, A Sunday on La Grande Jatte—1884. In December 1884 he exhibited the Baignade again, with the Société des Artistes Indépendents, which was to be of immense influence in the development of modern art.

  • Sunday Bloody Sunday (film by Schlesinger [1971])

    John Schlesinger: Films of the late 1960s and ’70s: ” In his follow-up film, Sunday Bloody Sunday (1971), Schlesinger again dealt with the theme of homosexuality sympathetically as he focused on a trio of Londoners (Finch, Glenda Jackson, and Murray Head) who become involved in a bisexual romantic triangle. Schlesinger, Finch, Jackson, and scenarist Penelope Gilliatt were all nominated…

  • Sunday Dispatch (British newspaper)

    Alfred Charles William Harmsworth, Viscount Northcliffe: …and turned it (as the Sunday Dispatch) into the biggest-selling Sunday newspaper in the country. In 1903 he founded the Daily Mirror, which successfully exploited a new market as a picture paper, with a circulation rivaling that of the Daily Mail. Harmsworth saved the Observer from extinction in 1905, the…

  • Sunday Express (British newspaper)

    Daily Express, morning newspaper published in London, known for its sensational treatment of news and also for its thorough coverage of international events. The Sunday edition is published as the Sunday Express. Since its founding in 1900, the Express has aggressively appealed to a mass

  • Sunday in the Park with George (musical by Sondheim)

    Stephen Sondheim: …playwright-director James Lapine to create Sunday in the Park with George (1984), a musical inspired by the painting Sunday Afternoon on the Island of La Grande Jatte by pointillist Georges Seurat. Sondheim and Lapine paired again for Into the Woods (1987; film 2014), which deconstructs and interweaves the plots of…

  • Sunday Jews (novel by Calisher)

    Hortense Calisher: Sunday Jews (2003) explores issues of identity in an eclectic family, which includes an art expert, an atheistic rabbi, an anthropologist, and an agnostic Irish Catholic. In 2004 Calisher published the memoir Tattoo for a Slave, the story of her slave-owning grandparents and her parents’…

  • Sunday Morning Coming Down (song by Kristofferson)

    Kris Kristofferson: Music career success: …Cash’s recording of Kristofferson’s “Sunday Morning Coming Down” was named song of the year by the Country Music Association. In 1971 three of the five Grammy Award nominations for best country song were for songs written by Kristofferson, as were two of the five nominations for song of the…

  • Sunday on La Grande Jatte—1884, A (painting by Seurat)

    Georges Seurat: …in preparation for his masterpiece, A Sunday on La Grande Jatte—1884. In December 1884 he exhibited the Baignade again, with the Société des Artistes Indépendents, which was to be of immense influence in the development of modern art.

  • Sunday Philosophy Club, The (novel by McCall Smith)

    Alexander McCall Smith: The Sunday Philosophy Club series began with a 2004 novel of the same name and has as its main character Isabel Dalhousie, a philosopher and amateur detective in Edinburgh. Sequels included The Careful Use of Compliments (2007), The Forgotten Affairs of Youth (2011), and The Novel…

  • Sunday Pictorial (British newspaper)

    Harold Sidney Harmsworth, 1st Viscount Rothermere: … in 1914, adding a popular Sunday Pictorial, the first Sunday picture newspaper to appear in London. Harmsworth papers, which were aimed at large popular audiences, featured short articles in simple, exciting language, much scandal and sensationalism, and many pictures. Though often criticized as vulgar and illiterate, the papers made fortunes…

  • Sunday school

    Sunday school, school for religious education, usually for children and young people and usually a part of a church or parish. The movement has been important primarily in Protestantism. It has been the foremost vehicle for teaching the principles of the Christian religion and the Bible. Although

  • Sunday Silence (racehorse)

    Sunday Silence, (foaled 1986), American racehorse (Thoroughbred) who in 1989 won the Kentucky Derby and the Preakness Stakes but lost at the Belmont Stakes, ending his bid for the coveted Triple Crown of American horse racing. Sunday Silence was spurned twice at auction—first as a yearling and then

  • Sunday Times, The (British newspaper)

    The Sunday Times, influential Sunday newspaper published in London, England. It is known around the world for the quality of its reporting and editing and for its coverage of British politics and the arts. It corresponds in quality to its daily counterpart, The Times. The Sunday Times was founded

  • Sunday, Billy (American evangelist)

    Billy Sunday, American evangelist whose revivals and sermons reflected the emotional upheavals caused by transition from rural to industrial society in the United States. Sunday grew up as an orphan and worked as an undertaker’s assistant before entering professional baseball in 1883. In 1891 he

  • Sunday, William Ashley (American evangelist)

    Billy Sunday, American evangelist whose revivals and sermons reflected the emotional upheavals caused by transition from rural to industrial society in the United States. Sunday grew up as an orphan and worked as an undertaker’s assistant before entering professional baseball in 1883. In 1891 he

  • Sundays and Cybèle (film by Bourguignon [1962])
  • Sundback, Gideon (Swedish engineer)

    zipper: Gideon Sundback, a Swedish engineer working in the United States, substituted spring clips in place of hooks and eyes, and his Hookless #2 (now considered the first modern zipper) went on sale in 1914; a patent was granted three years later. A similar device had…

  • Sundblom, Haddon (American illustrator)

    Santa Claus: …Company from 1931 by illustrator Haddon Sundblum. Sundblum’s Santa was a portly white-bearded gentleman dressed in a red suit with a black belt and white fur trim, black boots, and a soft red cap.

  • Sundblum, Haddon (American illustrator)

    Santa Claus: …Company from 1931 by illustrator Haddon Sundblum. Sundblum’s Santa was a portly white-bearded gentleman dressed in a red suit with a black belt and white fur trim, black boots, and a soft red cap.

  • Sunde, Peter (Swedish Web-site operator)

    The Pirate Bay: …Neij, Gottfrid Svartholm Warg, and Peter Sunde, and businessman Carl Lundstr?m, who had supplied servers and bandwidth to the site, were charged with copyright infringement, and in April 2009 they were sentenced to one year in prison and the payment of a fine of 30 million kronor ($3.6 million). In…

  • Sunderbunds (geographical region, Asia)

    Sundarbans, vast tract of forest and saltwater swamp forming the lower part of the Padma (Ganges [Ganga])-Brahmaputra River delta in southeastern West Bengal state, northeastern India, and southern Bangladesh. The tract extends approximately 160 miles (260 km) west-east along the Bay of Bengal from

  • Sunderland (England, United Kingdom)

    Sunderland, town, port, and metropolitan borough, metropolitan county of Tyne and Wear, historic county of Durham, England. It lies at the mouth of the River Wear, along the North Sea. In the year 674 a monastery was founded in an area on the north riverbank known later as Monkwearmouth. St. Bede

  • Sunderland (district, England, United Kingdom)

    Sunderland: Sunderland, town, port, and metropolitan borough, metropolitan county of Tyne and Wear, historic county of Durham, England. It lies at the mouth of the River Wear, along the North Sea.

  • Sunderland, Charles Spencer, 3rd earl of (British statesman)

    Charles Spencer, 3rd earl of Sunderland, British statesman, one of the Whig ministers who directed the government of King George I from 1714 to 1721. His scheme of having the South Sea Company take over the national debt led to a speculation mania known as the South Sea Bubble, which ended in

  • Sunderland, Charles Spencer, 3rd earl of, Baron Spencer of Wormleighton (British statesman)

    Charles Spencer, 3rd earl of Sunderland, British statesman, one of the Whig ministers who directed the government of King George I from 1714 to 1721. His scheme of having the South Sea Company take over the national debt led to a speculation mania known as the South Sea Bubble, which ended in

  • Sunderland, Henry Spencer, 1st Earl of (English Cavalier)

    Henry Spencer, 1st earl of Sunderland, English Cavalier during the English Civil Wars. Born to great wealth, he was educated at Magdalen College, Oxford (M.A., 1636), and succeeded his father as Baron Spencer in 1636. A firm Royalist, he served as Charles I’s negotiator in the early years of the

  • Sunderland, Henry Spencer, 1st Earl of, Baron Spencer of Wormleighton (English Cavalier)

    Henry Spencer, 1st earl of Sunderland, English Cavalier during the English Civil Wars. Born to great wealth, he was educated at Magdalen College, Oxford (M.A., 1636), and succeeded his father as Baron Spencer in 1636. A firm Royalist, he served as Charles I’s negotiator in the early years of the

  • Sunderland, Robert Spencer, 2nd Earl of (English statesman)

    Robert Spencer, 2nd Earl of Sunderland, English statesman who was one of the most influential advisers during the reigns of Charles II, James II, and William III. His ability to shift allegiances was both the secret of his success and the cause of his unpopularity. Spencer was the only son and heir

  • Sunderland, Robert Spencer, 2nd Earl of, Baron Spencer of Wormleighton (English statesman)

    Robert Spencer, 2nd Earl of Sunderland, English statesman who was one of the most influential advisers during the reigns of Charles II, James II, and William III. His ability to shift allegiances was both the secret of his success and the cause of his unpopularity. Spencer was the only son and heir

  • Sunderman, F. William (American scientist and musician)

    F. William Sunderman, American scientist, physician, editor, and musician (born Oct. 23, 1898, Juniata, Pa.—died March 9, 2003, Philadelphia, Pa.), was honoured as the nation’s oldest worker in 1999 when he reached 100. Sunderman was one of the first to treat a diabetic coma patient with insulin. H

  • Sunderman, Frederick William (American scientist and musician)

    F. William Sunderman, American scientist, physician, editor, and musician (born Oct. 23, 1898, Juniata, Pa.—died March 9, 2003, Philadelphia, Pa.), was honoured as the nation’s oldest worker in 1999 when he reached 100. Sunderman was one of the first to treat a diabetic coma patient with insulin. H

  • sundew (plant)

    Sundew, (genus Drosera), any of the approximately 152 carnivorous plant species of the genus Drosera (family Droseraceae). Sundews are widely distributed in tropical and temperate regions, especially in Australia, and are common in bogs and fens with sandy acidic soil. Predominantly perennials, the

  • sundew family (plant family)

    Droseraceae, sundew plant family, consisting of three genera and some 155 species of carnivorous plants in the order Caryophyllales. With the exception of the aquatic genus Aldrovanda, the members of Droseraceae typically grow in bogs and fens with poor soil conditions. The largest genus, Drosera,

  • sundial (timekeeping device)

    Sundial, the earliest type of timekeeping device, which indicates the time of day by the position of the shadow of some object exposed to the sun’s rays. As the day progresses, the sun moves across the sky, causing the shadow of the object to move and indicating the passage of time. The first

  • sundial lupine (plant)

    lupine: Sundial lupine (L. perennis), with blue flower spikes, is found in dry open woods and fields of eastern North America. Spreading lupine (L. diffusus) and lady lupine (L. villosus) are distributed throughout the southern United States. Bigleaf lupine (L. polyphyllus), from the Pacific Northwest, is…

  • Sundiata (king of Mali)

    Sundiata Keita, West African monarch who founded the western Sudanese empire of Mali. During his reign he established the territorial base of the empire and laid the foundations for its future prosperity and political unity. Sundiata belonged to the Keita clan of the Malinke people from the small

  • Sundiata Keita (king of Mali)

    Sundiata Keita, West African monarch who founded the western Sudanese empire of Mali. During his reign he established the territorial base of the empire and laid the foundations for its future prosperity and political unity. Sundiata belonged to the Keita clan of the Malinke people from the small

  • Sundiata: An Epic of Old Mali (novel by Niane)

    Djibril Tamsir Niane: …Soundjata ou l’épopée mandingue (1960; Sundiata: An Epic of Old Mali) is a highly successful re-creation of the life and times of the illustrious 13th-century founder of the Mali empire, recounted in the voice of a tribal storyteller. His other works include a collection of short stories, Mery (1975), and…

  • Sundin, Mats (Swedish ice-hockey player)

    Toronto Maple Leafs: …acquired future franchise scoring leader Mats Sundin, who led the team to its first division title in 37 years during the 1999–2000 season; however, sustained playoff success continued to elude the franchise, which never advanced past the conference finals over Sundin’s 13 seasons in Toronto.

  • Sundjata (king of Mali)

    Sundiata Keita, West African monarch who founded the western Sudanese empire of Mali. During his reign he established the territorial base of the empire and laid the foundations for its future prosperity and political unity. Sundiata belonged to the Keita clan of the Malinke people from the small

  • Sundlun, Bruce (American politician)

    Sheldon Whitehouse: Bruce Sundlun, serving as legal counsel and later as policy director (1992). Whitehouse was director of the Rhode Island Department of Business Regulation when Pres. Bill Clinton appointed him the U.S. attorney for Rhode Island in 1994. During his four years in the post, he…

  • Sundman, Per Olof (Swedish novelist)

    Per Olof Sundman, Swedish novelist who wrote in the tradition of Social Realism during the 1960s. He also served as a member of the Swedish Parliament (1969–79). Sundman spent much of his life in the northern province of J?mtland and used that isolated area as a locale for his first book, J?garna

  • Sundome Center for the Performing Arts (theatre, Tempe, Arizona, United States)

    Arizona State University: …completed in 1964, and the Sundome Center for the Performing Arts, the largest single-level theatre in the United States. Alumni of the university include the researcher and industrial designer Temple Grandin.

  • Sundowners, The (film by Zinnemann [1960])

    Fred Zinnemann: Films of the 1960s: The Sundowners (1960) was set in 1920s Australia and shot on location, with Kerr and Robert Mitchum as a husband and wife who set off with their teenage son to drive a thousand sheep a thousand miles. Zinnemann deftly conveyed this story of quiet heroism…

  • Sundsvall (Sweden)

    Sundsvall, town and seaport in V?sternorrland l?n (county), northern Sweden. It lies at the mouth of the Sel?nger River on the Gulf of Bothnia. It was chartered in 1624 by Gustavus II Adolphus. In 1721 it was burned by the Russians and in 1803 and 1888 it suffered further disastrous fires. The town

  • Sundukian, Gabriel (Armenian dramatist)

    Armenian literature: Modern: …most outstanding Armenian dramatist was Gabriel Sundukian, whose comedies (Hullabaloo [also called Khatabala], Pepo, The Broken Hearth) portrayed the contemporary Armenian society of Tbilisi, in whose dialect most of them were written.

  • sunfish (fish)

    Sunfish, any of numerous species of North American freshwater fishes placed with the crappies and black basses in the family Centrarchidae (order Perciformes). The family contains about 30 species, all native to North America and all, with the exception of the Sacramento perch (Archoplites

  • sunflower (plant)

    Sunflower, (genus Helianthus), genus of nearly 70 species of herbaceous plants of the aster family (Asteraceae). Sunflowers are native primarily to North and South America, and some species are cultivated as ornamentals for their spectacular size and flower heads and for their edible seeds. The

  • sunflower oil

    sunflower: Sunflower oil cake is used for stock and poultry feeding. The oil is also used in soap and paints and as a lubricant. The seeds may be eaten dried, roasted, or ground into nut butter and are common in birdseed mixes.

  • sunflower sea star (echinoderm)

    sea star: The many-rayed sunflower sea star (Pycnopodia helianthoides) of Alaska to California has 15 to 24 arms and is often 60 cm (24 inches) across. Heliaster, a broad-disked, short-rayed genus of the western coast of Central America, may have as many as 50.

  • sunflower seed (food)

    sunflower: …a yellow dye, and the seeds contain oil and are used for food. The sweet yellow oil obtained by compression of the seeds is considered equal to olive or almond oil for table use. Sunflower oil cake is used for stock and poultry feeding. The oil is also used in…

  • Sunflower Seeds (art installation by Ai Weiwei)

    Ai Weiwei: Early activism and Sunflower Seeds: …100 million hand-painted porcelain “sunflower seeds,” which were produced by some 1,600 Chinese artisans. Until the exhibit was roped off because of a feared health hazard, Ai had encouraged visitors to walk upon the seeds, considering the fragile sculptures a metaphor for the downtrodden Chinese populace.

  • sunflower starfish (echinoderm)

    sea star: The many-rayed sunflower sea star (Pycnopodia helianthoides) of Alaska to California has 15 to 24 arms and is often 60 cm (24 inches) across. Heliaster, a broad-disked, short-rayed genus of the western coast of Central America, may have as many as 50.

  • Sunflower State (state, United States)

    Kansas, constituent state of the United States of America. It is bounded by Nebraska to the north, Missouri to the east, Oklahoma to the south, and Colorado to the west. Lying amid the westward-rising landscape of the Great Plains of the North American continent, Kansas became the 34th state on

  • Sunflower, The (book by Wiesenthal)

    Simon Wiesenthal: Vision: …Wiesenthal produced a book called The Sunflower, a comprehensive symposium on guilt and forgiveness based on what Wiesenthal described as a real experience he had had during the war. According to his account, he was taken to a mortally wounded SS man who asked Wiesenthal to forgive him for his…

  • Sunflowers (painting by van Gogh)

    art market: Art as investment: …sold; the 1987 sale of Sunflowers to the Japanese fire-insurance company Yasuda brought $39.9 million, a price eclipsed later in the same year by the sale of Irises to Australian entrepreneur Alan Bond for $53.9 million and again in 1990, when Japanese businessman Ryoei Saito purchased Portrait of Dr. Gachet…

  • Sung Ch’ing-ling (Chinese political leader)

    Song Qingling, second wife of the Chinese revolutionary leader Sun Yat-sen (Sun Zhongshan). She became an influential political figure in China after her husband’s death. A member of the prominent Soong family, Song Qingling was educated in the United States. She married Sun Yat-sen, who was 26

  • Sung Chiao-jen (Chinese politician)

    Song Jiaoren, founder of the Nationalist Party (Kuomintang), whose assassination blighted hopes for democratic government in China in the early 20th century. Expelled from middle school in China for revolutionary activities, in 1904, Song began studies in Japan. In Tokyo the following year, he

  • Sung dynasty (Chinese history)

    Song dynasty, (960–1279), Chinese dynasty that ruled the country during one of its most brilliant cultural epochs. It is commonly divided into Bei (Northern) and Nan (Southern) Song periods, as the dynasty ruled only in South China after 1127. The Bei Song was founded by Zhao Kuangyin, the military

  • Sung family (Chinese family)

    Soong family, influential Chinese family that was heavily involved in the political fortunes of China during the 20th century. Among its best-known members were Charlie, the founder of the family, and his children T.V. Soong, financier and politician; Soong Mei-ling, who became Madame Chiang

  • Sung Mei-ling (Chinese political figure)

    Soong Mei-ling, notable Chinese political figure and second wife of the Nationalist Chinese president Chiang Kai-shek. Her family was successful, prosperous, and well-connected: her sister Soong Ch’ing-ling (Song Qingling) was the wife of Sun Yat-sen, and her brother T.V. Soong was a prominent

  • Sung Tzu-wen (Chinese financier and official)

    T.V. Soong, financier and official of the Chinese Nationalist government between 1927 and 1949, once reputed to have been the richest man in the world. The son of a prominent industrialist, Soong was educated in the United States at Harvard University. He returned to China in 1917 and soon became

  • Sung-chiang (former town, Shanghai, China)

    Songjiang, former town in Shanghai shi (municipality), eastern China; it is now a southwestern district of Shanghai. Until 1958 it was a part of Jiangsu province. It takes its name from the Song River (Song Jiang; the present-day Wusong River, the upper stream of the Suzhou River), which flows from

  • Sung-hua Chiang (river, China)

    Sungari River, river in Heilongjiang and Jilin provinces, northeastern China. The Sungari is the largest of the tributaries of the Amur River, which it joins below the Chinese town of Tongjiang, some distance above Khabarovsk in far eastern Russia. The total length of the Sungari is 1,195 miles

  • Sung-liao P’ing-yüan (plain, China)

    Northeast Plain, heart of the central lowland of northeastern China (Manchuria). It has a surface area of about 135,000 square miles (350,000 square km), all of which lies below 1,000 feet (300 metres) above sea level. The plain, largely the product of erosion from the surrounding highlands, is

  • Sungai Belait (river, Brunei)

    Belait River, short stream on the island of Borneo, politically in Brunei, near its far southwestern border with the Malaysian state of Sarawak. It flows southeast-northwest through swampy terrain for about 20 miles (32 km) and discharges into the South China Sea. At its mouth is Kuala Belait, one

  • Sungai Kapuas (river, Indonesia)

    Kapuas River, chief waterway of western Indonesian Borneo (Kalimantan). The river rises in the Kapuas Hulu Mountains in the central part of the island and flows 710 miles (1,143 km) west-southwest through West Kalimantan province. It reaches the South China Sea in a great marshy delta

  • Sungai Mahakam (river, Indonesia)

    Mahakam River, river of east-central Indonesian Borneo (Kalimantan). It rises in Borneo’s central mountain range and flows east-southeast through southern East Kalimantan province for about 400 miles (650 km) before emptying into Makassar Strait in a wide delta. The chief town along its course is

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