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  • superiority (psychological concept)

    Alfred Adler: …what Adler somewhat misleadingly termed superiority (i.e., self-realization, completeness, or perfection). This striving for superiority may be frustrated by feelings of inferiority, inadequacy, or incompleteness arising from physical defects, low social status, pampering or neglect during childhood, or other causes encountered in the course of life. Individuals can compensate for…

  • superius (vocal music)

    tenor: …highest line above was termed superius (the modern soprano), and the third added voice was termed contratenor. In the mid-15th century, writing in four parts became common, and the contratenor part gave rise to the contratenor altus (the modern alto) and contratenor bassus (the modern bass). The term tenor gradually…

  • superkingdom (taxon)

    taxonomy: Division of organisms into kingdoms: …cell structure that separates the superkingdoms Eukaryota and Prokaryota.

  • superlattice (material)

    crystal: Growth from the melt: Such materials, known as superlattices, have a repeated structure of n layers of GaAs, m layers of AlAs, n layers of GaAs, m layers of AlAs, and so forth. Superlattices represent artificially created structures that are thermodynamically stable; they have many applications in the modern electronics industry. Another lattice-matched…

  • superlens (optics)

    metamaterial: This metamaterial is called a superlens, because by amplifying the decaying evanescent waves that carry the fine features of an object, its imaging resolution does not suffer from the diffraction limit of conventional optical microscopes. In 2004, electrical engineers Anthony Grbic and George Eleftheriades built a superlens that functioned at…

  • superlong alkane (chemical compound)

    hydrocarbon: Alkanes: …an example of a so-called superlong alkane. Several thousand carbon atoms are joined together in molecules of hydrocarbon polymers such as polyethylene, polypropylene, and polystyrene.

  • Supermajority (American organization)

    Cecile Richards: In 2019 Richards cofounded Supermajority, a women’s organization that encouraged political activism.

  • supermale (genetic disorder)

    XYY-trisomy, relatively common human sex chromosome anomaly in which a male has two Y chromosomes rather than one. It occurs in 1 in 500–1,000 live male births, and individuals with the anomaly are often characterized by tallness and severe acne and sometimes by skeletal malformations and mental

  • supermale syndrome (genetic disorder)

    XYY-trisomy, relatively common human sex chromosome anomaly in which a male has two Y chromosomes rather than one. It occurs in 1 in 500–1,000 live male births, and individuals with the anomaly are often characterized by tallness and severe acne and sometimes by skeletal malformations and mental

  • superman (philosophy)

    Superman, in philosophy, the superior man, who justifies the existence of the human race. “Superman” is a term significantly used by Friedrich Nietzsche, particularly in Also sprach Zarathustra (1883–85), although it had been employed by J.W. von Goethe and others. This superior man would not be a

  • Superman (fictional character)

    Superman, American comic strip superhero created for DC Comics by writer Jerry Siegel and artist Joe Shuster. Superman first appeared in Action Comics, no. 1 (June 1938). Superman’s origin is perhaps one of the best-known stories in comic book history. Indeed, in All Star Superman no. 1 (2005),

  • Superman (film by Donner [1978])

    Robert Benton: Directing: …was cowriting the screenplay for Superman, which was directed by Richard Donner. The critically acclaimed action film was a blockbuster.

  • Superman II (film by Lester [1980])

    Richard Lester: …and the lavish comic-book derivations Superman II (1980) and Superman III (1983).

  • Superman III (film by Lester [1983])

    Richard Lester: …derivations Superman II (1980) and Superman III (1983).

  • Supermarine Spitfire (British aircraft)

    Spitfire, the most widely produced and strategically important British single-seat fighter of World War II. The Spitfire, renowned for winning victory laurels in the Battle of Britain (1940–41) along with the Hawker Hurricane, served in every theatre of the war and was produced in more variants

  • supermarket (retail store)

    Supermarket, large retail store operated on a self-service basis, selling groceries, fresh produce, meat, bakery and dairy products, and sometimes an assortment of nonfood goods. Supermarkets gained acceptance in the United States during the 1930s. The early stores were usually located in

  • supermassive black hole (astronomy)

    black hole: …gas collect and collapse into supermassive black holes at the centres of quasars and galaxies. A mass of gas falling rapidly into a black hole is estimated to give off more than 100 times as much energy as is released by the identical amount of mass through nuclear fusion. Accordingly,…

  • supermaturity (geology)

    sedimentary rock: Texture: Supermature sandstones are those that are clay-free and well sorted and, in addition, in which the grains are well rounded. These sandstones probably formed primarily as desert dunes, where intense eolian abrasion over a very long period of time may wear sand grains to nearly…

  • supermax prison

    Supermax prison, correctional facility, or collection of separate housing units within a maximum-security prison, in the American prison system that is designed to house both inmates described as the most-hardened criminals and those who cannot be controlled through other means. There is no uniform

  • supermodel (fashion)

    Gisele Bündchen: …the return of the “supermodel”—a top fashion model who appears simultaneously on the covers of the world’s leading fashion magazines and is globally recognized by first name only. During this time Bündchen also walked the runways of some of the world’s top fashion houses, including Christian Dior and Valentino;…

  • Supermodel (recording by RuPaul)

    Cindy Crawford: …hit song aptly titled “Supermodel,” which mentioned the year’s top models, including Crawford, Turlington, Campbell, Evangelista, Claudia Schiffer, and Niki Taylor, by first name only. In 1995 Crawford appeared in a major advertising campaign for PepsiCo, Inc., and was named the top-earning model in the world by the U.S.…

  • supermoon (astronomy)

    Supermoon, a full moon that occurs when the Moon is at perigee (the closest point to Earth in its orbit). The Moon is typically about 12 percent (or about 43,000 km [27,000 miles]) closer to Earth at perigee than at apogee, and thus a full moon at perigee would be about 25 percent brighter than one

  • Supernatural (album by Santana)

    Clive Davis: …time helping Santana return with Supernatural (1999); the album topped charts worldwide and earned a record-tying eight Grammy Awards.

  • Supernatural: Its Origin, Nature and Evolution, The (work by King)

    theism: Humanism and transcendence: King, in The Supernatural: Its Origin, Nature and Evolution (1892), stressed the importance of the element of mystery in all religions, and another pioneer of religious anthropology, R.R. Marett, showed how extensively tribal peoples ascribed the mysteries of life and power to a supernatural source. Lucien Lévy-Bruhl,…

  • supernaturalism

    Supernaturalism, a belief in an otherworldly realm or reality that, in one way or another, is commonly associated with all forms of religion. Evidence of neither the idea of nature nor the experience of a purely natural realm is found among primitive people, who inhabit a wonderworld charged with

  • supernova (astronomy)

    Supernova, any of a class of violently exploding stars whose luminosity after eruption suddenly increases many millions of times its normal level. The term supernova is derived from nova (Latin: “new”), the name for another type of exploding star. Supernovae resemble novae in several respects. Both

  • Supernova 1987A (astronomy)

    Supernova 1987A, first supernova observed in 1987 (hence its designation) and the nearest to Earth in more than three centuries. It occurred in the Large Magellanic Cloud, a satellite galaxy of the Milky Way Galaxy that lies about 160,000 light-years distant. The supernova originated in the

  • supernova remnant (astronomy)

    Supernova remnant, nebula left behind after a supernova, a spectacular explosion in which a star ejects most of its mass in a violently expanding cloud of debris. At the brightest phase of the explosion, the expanding cloud radiates as much energy in a single day as the Sun has done in the past

  • supernumerary rainbow (atmospheric phenomenon)

    rainbow: These are called supernumerary rainbows; they owe their origin to interference effects on the light rays emerging from the water droplet after one internal reflection.

  • superorganism (biology)

    Edward O. Wilson: …treated as one overall unit—a superorganism—rather than as individuals in their own right. This view was suggested by Charles Darwin himself in On the Origin of Species (1859). Wilson expounded on it in Success, Dominance, and the Superorganism: The Case of the Social Insects (1997).

  • superovulation (biology)

    animal breeding: Accuracy of selection: …be chosen and induced to superovulate, or release multiple eggs from their ovaries. These eggs are fertilized in the uterus and then flushed out in a nonsurgical procedure that does not impair future conception of the donor female. Using this procedure, valuable females can produce more than one calf per…

  • superoxide (chemical compound)

    alkali metal: Reactions with oxygen: Sodium superoxide (NaO2) can be prepared with high oxygen pressures, whereas the superoxides of rubidium, potassium, and cesium can be prepared directly by combustion in air. By contrast, no superoxides have been isolated in pure form in the case of lithium or the alkaline-earth metals, although…

  • superoxide dismutase (enzyme)

    amyotrophic lateral sclerosis: Causes of ALS: …enzyme known as SOD, or superoxide dismutase, appear to facilitate the destruction of motor neurons by harmful molecules known as free radicals (molecular by-products of normal cell metabolism that can accumulate in and destroy cells). ALS-associated mutations in SOD1 result in the inability of the SOD enzyme to neutralize free…

  • superoxide dismutase 1 (gene)

    amyotrophic lateral sclerosis: Causes of ALS: TDP43, and SOD1.

  • superpair (chemistry)

    chemical bonding: Molecules with multiple bonds: …treated as a single “superpair” of electrons. This rule can be justified by considering the geometric shapes that stem from two atoms sharing two or more pairs of electrons (Figure 9). Thus, the sulfate ion, SO42?, for which a Lewis structure is

  • superparamagnetism (physics)

    nanotechnology: Magnetic, mechanical, and chemical behaviour: …16 nanometres, an effect termed superparamagnetism. Mechanical properties of nanostructured materials can reach exceptional strengths. As a specific example, the introduction of two-nanometre aluminum oxide precipitates into thin films of pure nickel results in yield strengths increasing from 0.15 to 5 gigapascals, which is more than twice that for a…

  • superpartner (physics)

    string theory: Supersymmetry and cosmological signature: …partner particle species, called a superpartner. (This property accounts for string theory often being referred to as superstring theory.) As yet, no superpartner particles have been detected experimentally, but researchers believe this may be due to their weight: they are heavier than their known counterparts and require a machine at…

  • superphosphate (chemical compound)

    chemical industry: Uses: …goes to the manufacture of superphosphate and related fertilizers. Other uses of the acid are so multifarious as almost to defy enumeration, notable ones being the manufacture of high-octane gasoline, of titanium dioxide (a white pigment, also a filler for some plastics, and for paper), explosives, rayon, the processing of…

  • superpipe (snowboarding)

    snowboarding: Halfpipe and superpipe: …90 degrees are often called superpipes. The Olympic standard height is 22 feet [6.7 metres].)

  • superplume (geology)

    Earth: The interior: …in the occurrence of temporary superplumes—huge, rising jets of hot, partially molten rock—which may originate from a deep layer near the core-mantle interface. Much larger than ordinary thermal plumes, such as that associated with the Hawaiian island chain in the central Pacific (see volcano: Intraplate volcanism), superplumes may have had…

  • superposed order (architecture)

    Superposed order, in Classical architecture, an order, or style, of column placed above another order in the vertical plane, as in a multilevel arcade, colonnade, or facade. In the architecture of ancient Greece, where the orders originated, they were rarely superposed unless it was structurally

  • superposition (wave motion)

    philosophy of physics: The principle of superposition: One of the intrinsic properties of an electron is its angular momentum, or spin. The two perpendicular components of an electron’s spin are usually called its “x-spin” and its “y-spin.” It is an empirical fact that the x-spin of an electron can…

  • superposition eye (compound eye)

    photoreception: Superposition eyes: Crepuscular (active at twilight) and nocturnal insects (e.g., moths), as well as many crustaceans from the dim midwater regions of the ocean, have compound eyes known as superposition eyes, which are fundamentally different from the apposition type. Superposition eyes look superficially similar to…

  • superposition, law of (geology)

    Earth sciences: Paleontology and stratigraphy: His principle of superposition of strata states that in a sequence of strata, as originally laid down, any stratum is younger than the one on which it rests and older than the one that rests upon it.

  • superposition, principle of (wave motion)

    philosophy of physics: The principle of superposition: One of the intrinsic properties of an electron is its angular momentum, or spin. The two perpendicular components of an electron’s spin are usually called its “x-spin” and its “y-spin.” It is an empirical fact that the x-spin of an electron can…

  • superpower (political science)

    Superpower, a state that possesses military or economic might, or both, and general influence vastly superior to that of other states. Scholars generally agree on which state is the foremost or unique superpower—for instance, the United Kingdom during the Victorian era and the United States during

  • superprecipitation (physiological process)

    muscle: Actin-myosin interaction and its regulation: …mass; the process is called superprecipitation. Actin-myosin interaction can also be studied in muscle fibres whose membrane is destroyed by glycerol treatment; these fibres still develop tension when ATP is added. A form of ATP that is inactive unless irradiated with a laser beam is useful in the study of…

  • superpressure balloon (aircraft)

    balloon flight: Superpressure balloons: Polyester film at a tensile strength of 1,400 kg per square cm (20,000 pounds per square inch)—compared with polyethylene at a tensile strength of about 40 kg per square cm (600 pounds per square inch)—finally made it possible to produce superpressure balloons, which…

  • supersaturated rock (geology)

    felsic and mafic rocks: …of minerals and rocks as oversaturated, saturated, or undersaturated with respect to silica. Felsic rocks are commonly oversaturated and contain free quartz (SiO2), intermediate rocks contain little or no quartz or feldspathoids (undersaturated minerals), and mafic rocks may contain abundant feldspathoids. This broad grouping on the basis of mineralogy related…

  • supersaturation (physics and chemistry)

    crystal: Vapour growth: This state is called supersaturation. Molecules are more prone to leave the gas than to rejoin it, so they become deposited on the surface of the container. Supersaturation can be induced by maintaining the crystal at a lower temperature than the gas. A critical stage in the growth of…

  • superscalar execution (computing)

    computer: Central processing unit: With this “superscalar” design, several instructions can execute at once.

  • supersonic air transport (aviation)

    aerospace industry: Growth of the aircraft industry: …and risks in producing a supersonic transport (SST), the Concorde. The two countries were not alone in the race for a supersonic airliner. The Soviet Union built the delta-wing Tupolev Tu-144, which made its maiden flight in December 1968 and which in June 1969 was the first passenger jet to…

  • supersonic combustion ramjet

    jet engine: Ramjets and supersonic combustion ramjets: Such specialized ramjets are called scramjets (for supersonic combustion ramjets) and are projected to be fueled by a cryogenically liquified gas (e.g., hydrogen or methane) instead of a liquid hydrocarbon. The primary reason for doing so is to exploit the greater heat release per unit weight of fuels that have…

  • supersonic flight

    Supersonic flight, passage through the air at speed greater than the local velocity of sound. The speed of sound (Mach 1) varies with atmospheric pressure and temperature: in air at a temperature of 15 °C (59 °F) and sea-level pressure, sound travels at about 1,225 km (760 miles) per hour. At

  • supersonic flow (physics)

    fluid mechanics: …mechanics, science concerned with the response of fluids to forces exerted upon them. It is a branch of classical physics with applications of great importance in hydraulic and aeronautical engineering, chemical engineering, meteorology, and zoology.

  • supersonic heterodyne reception (electronics)

    Superheterodyne reception, the commonest technique for recovering the information (sound or picture) from carrier waves of a range of frequencies, transmitted by different broadcasting stations. The circuitry, devised by Edwin H. Armstrong during World War I, combines the high-frequency current

  • supersonic transport (aviation)

    aerospace industry: Growth of the aircraft industry: …and risks in producing a supersonic transport (SST), the Concorde. The two countries were not alone in the race for a supersonic airliner. The Soviet Union built the delta-wing Tupolev Tu-144, which made its maiden flight in December 1968 and which in June 1969 was the first passenger jet to…

  • superspecialty care (medicine)

    medicine: Levels of health care: The third tier of health care, employing specialist services, is offered by institutions such as teaching hospitals and units devoted to the care of particular groups—women, children, patients with mental disorders, and so on. The dramatic differences in the cost of treatment at the various levels…

  • superspeed train (train)

    Jerusalem: Transportation and communication: In 2018 a modern high-speed rail link opened, connecting Jerusalem and Ben Gurion International Airport on the outskirts of Tel Aviv. The rail link is slated to eventually reach the city of Tel Aviv.

  • Superstar: The Karen Carpenter Story (film by Haynes [1987])

    Todd Haynes: …1987 he earned attention for Superstar: The Karen Carpenter Story, a short film he wrote and directed that focused on singer Karen Carpenter’s battle with, and subsequent death from, anorexia nervosa. The film was noted for its postmodern approach, mixing news footage and documentary-style interviews with reenactments of scenes from…

  • superstition

    Superstition, belief, half-belief, or practice for which there appears to be no rational substance. Those who use the term imply that they have certain knowledge or superior evidence for their own scientific, philosophical, or religious convictions. An ambiguous word, it probably cannot be used

  • Superstition Mountains (mountains, Arizona, United States)

    Phoenix: City site: …of Phoenix are the rugged Superstition Mountains, a large complex of volcanic calderas that formed about 305 million years ago; the mountains reach to about 3,000 feet (900 metres) at their highest point. The Mazatzal Mountains rise to the northeast; the Verde River flows to the west of the mountains,…

  • Superstitioniidae (scorpion family)

    scorpion: Annotated classification: Family Superstitioniidae 9 species, mostly in caves of the American Southwest and Mexico. Family Hemiscorpiidae 7 dangerous species of eastern Africa and southwestern Asia. Family Microcharmidae 7 species of Central Africa and Madagascar.

  • superstore (business)

    marketing: Superstores: Superstores, hypermarkets, and combination stores are unique retail merchandisers. With facilities averaging 35,000 square feet, superstores meet many of the consumer’s needs for food and nonfood items by housing a full-service grocery store as well as such services as dry cleaning, laundry, shoe repair,…

  • superstratification (sociology)

    Richard Thurnwald: …of his most fruitful concepts, superstratification, deals with changes resulting from the introduction of a new group forming the lowest stratum of a society. That concept led him into studies of feudalism, the early development of kingship, cities, and states, and Western colonial expansion. His works include Die menschliche Gesellschaft…

  • superstratum language (language)

    creole languages: Theories of creolization: …development of creole vernaculars—the substrate, superstrate, and universalist hypotheses. In this context, substrate signifies non-European languages, and superstrate signifies European languages. According to substratists, creoles were formed by the languages previously spoken by Africans enslaved in the Americas and the Indian Ocean, which imposed their structural features upon the European…

  • superstring theory (physics)

    String theory, in particle physics, a theory that attempts to merge quantum mechanics with Albert Einstein’s general theory of relativity. The name string theory comes from the modeling of subatomic particles as tiny one-dimensional “stringlike” entities rather than the more conventional approach

  • supersulfated cement (cement)

    cement: Slag cements: …of slag-containing cement is a supersulfated cement consisting of granulated slag mixed with 10 to 15 percent hard-burned gypsum or anhydrite (natural anhydrous calcium sulfate) and a few percent of portland cement. The strength properties of supersulfated cement are similar to those of portland cement, but it has an increased…

  • supersymmetry (physics)

    Supersymmetry, in particle physics, a symmetry between fermions (subatomic particles with half-integer values of intrinsic angular momentum, or spin) and bosons (particles with integer values of spin). Supersymmetry is a complex mathematical framework based on the theory of group transformations

  • supertanker (ship)

    Supertanker, large tanker (q.v.) or cargo ship, commonly an oil-carrying vessel that might exceed 500,000 tons

  • supertweeter (loudspeaker)

    loudspeaker: …are separate “subwoofers” and “supertweeters” to reproduce the extremities of the audible spectrum.

  • supertwins (mammalogy)

    Multiple birth, the delivery of more than one offspring in a single birth event. In most mammals the litter size is fairly constant and is roughly correlated with, among other features, body size, gestation period, life span, type of uterus, and number of teats. For example, a large mammal with a

  • supertwisted nematic display (electronics)

    liquid crystal display: Supertwisted nematic displays: It was discovered in the early 1980s that increasing the twist angle of a liquid crystal cell to about 180–270° (with 240° being fairly common) allows a much larger number of pixel rows to be used, with a consequent increase in the…

  • superunification theory (physics)

    String theory, in particle physics, a theory that attempts to merge quantum mechanics with Albert Einstein’s general theory of relativity. The name string theory comes from the modeling of subatomic particles as tiny one-dimensional “stringlike” entities rather than the more conventional approach

  • supervenience (philosophy)

    Supervenience, In philosophy, the asymmetrical relation of ontological dependence that holds between two generically different sets of properties (e.g., mental and physical properties) if and only if every change in an object’s properties belonging to the first set—the supervening

  • Supervielle, Jules (French author)

    Jules Supervielle, poet, dramatist, and short-story writer of Basque descent who wrote in the French language but in the Spanish tradition. Supervielle’s themes are the love of a lonely but fraternal man for the pampas and for the open spaces of his South American childhood and his nostalgia for a

  • supervillain (fictional character)

    Supervillain, a fictional evildoer or antihero—widely popularized in comic books and comic strips, television and film, and popular culture and video games—whose extraordinary powers are used toward nefarious ends. Supervillains are the counterpart and arch-enemies of the superhero. At the advent

  • Superville, Humbert de (French painter and writer)

    Georges Seurat: …Unmistakable Signs of Art”), by Humbert de Superville, a painter-engraver from Geneva; it dealt with the future course of aesthetics and with the relationship between lines and images. Seurat was also impressed with the work of another Genevan aesthetician, David Sutter, who combined mathematics and musicology. Throughout his brief career,…

  • supervision

    business organization: Types of business associations: …essential feature, a system of management, varies greatly. In a simple form of business association the members who provide the assets are entitled to participate in the management unless otherwise agreed. In the more complex form of association, such as the company or corporation of the Anglo-American common-law countries, members…

  • supervision (penology)

    prison: Supervision: In the 19th and early 20th centuries, prisons were viewed as total institutions that exert control over every aspect of a prisoner’s life. In addition to scheduled routines—such as for meals, rising and retiring, exercising, and bathing—many other aspects of the prisoner’s life were…

  • Supervisors of the Kantō District (Japanese history)

    Japan: Political reform in the bakufu and the han: …up an office called the Kantō Torishimari-deyaku (“Supervisors of the Kantō District”) to strengthen police control of the area, and it ordered the villages of Kantō to form associations to assist this office. But the impetus to reform had faded, as almost a century of bakufu efforts to deal effectively…

  • supervisory control (technology)

    control system: Modern control practices.: …three ways: for supervisory or optimizing control; direct digital control; and hierarchy control.

  • supervisory control and data acquisition (technology)

    malware: By attacking these supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA) systems, Stuxnet was able to cause industrial processes to behave in a manner inconsistent with their original programming, thus crossing the line between cyberspace and the “real world.” While Stuxnet’s intended target remained a matter of debate, the worm…

  • Suphan Buri (Thailand)

    Suphan Buri, town, west-central Thailand. Suphan Buri is located at the head of navigation of the Nakhon Chai Si River, 55 miles (88 km) northwest of Bangkok. An ancient walled city, it became part of the Angkor-based Khmer empire in the 11th century, the Sukhothai state in the 13th, and the

  • Suphanburi (Thailand)

    Suphan Buri, town, west-central Thailand. Suphan Buri is located at the head of navigation of the Nakhon Chai Si River, 55 miles (88 km) northwest of Bangkok. An ancient walled city, it became part of the Angkor-based Khmer empire in the 11th century, the Sukhothai state in the 13th, and the

  • Supilo, Frano (Croatian journalist and politician)

    Frano Supilo, Croatian journalist and politician who opposed Austro-Hungarian domination before World War I and played a significant role in the controversies preceding the formation of an independent Yugoslav state. As editor of Novi List, a Croatian journal he founded in 1900 at Rijeka, Supilo

  • supination (physiology)

    human skeleton: Long bones of arms and legs: …position of the arm called supination, the radius and ulna are parallel, the palm of the hand faces forward, and the thumb is away from the body. In the position called pronation, the radius and ulna are crossed, the palm faces to the rear, and the thumb is next to…

  • supine length (growth)

    human development: Boys’ and girls’ height curves: This measurement, called supine length, averages about one centimetre more than the measurement of standing height taken on the same child, hence the break in the line of the curve at age two. This occurs even when, as in the best techniques, the child is urged to stretch…

  • Suplicy, Marta (Brazilian politician)

    S?o Paulo: From metropolis to megametropolis: In 2000 Marta Suplicy, a Workers’ Party member, occupied the office and implemented programs aimed at improving lower-income communities while discontinuing many of Pitta’s lavish public works and construction projects. In 2004 her bid for reelection was thwarted by José Serra, one of the founders of the…

  • Supman, Milton (American television and radio personality)

    Soupy Sales, (Milton Supman), American television and radio personality (born Jan. 8, 1926, Franklinton, N.C.—died Oct. 22, 2009, New York, N.Y.), achieved widespread popularity in the 1960s as the zany host of the syndicated television program The Soupy Sales Show. Sales was especially known for

  • Suppé, Franz von (Austrian composer)

    Franz von Suppé, Austrian composer of light operas. He greatly influenced the development of Austrian and German light music up to the middle of the 20th century. Suppé conducted at the Theater an der Wien, the Josephstadt, and other theatres in Vienna. His most successful comic operas were

  • Supper at Emmaus, The (painting by Rembrandt)

    Rembrandt van Rijn: The myth of Rembrandt’s fall: …Taken in Adultery (1644) and The Supper at Emmaus (1648), Rembrandt eventually seems to have sought the solution to his artistic “crisis” in a style grafted onto that of the late Titian, a style that was only effective when the painting was seen from a certain distance. Rembrandt’s contribution to…

  • Suppes, Patrick (philosopher)

    philosophy of science: The semantic conception: …semantic conception, originally formulated by Patrick Suppes, according to which theories are viewed as collections of models together with hypotheses about how these models relate to parts of nature. Versions of the semantic conception differ in their views about the character of models, sometimes taking models to be abstract mathematical…

  • Suppiluliumas I (Hittite king)

    Suppiluliumas I, Hittite king (reigned c. 1380–c. 1346 bc), who dominated the history of the ancient Middle East for the greater part of four decades and raised the Hittite kingdom to Imperial power. The son and successor of Tudhaliyas III, Suppiluliumas began his reign by rebuilding the old

  • Suppiluliumas II (Hittite king)

    Anatolia: The Hittite empire to c. 1180 bce: …known about Arnuwandas III and Suppiluliumas II, who succeeded Tudhaliyas, and these final episodes in the saga of Hittite history are difficult to reconstruct. To the latter reign can be dated a maritime expedition, perhaps involving Cyprus, and the earliest Hieroglyphic Hittite inscriptions of any length. The Phrygian invasion of…

  • supplejack (plant)

    Supplejack, any of various woody climbing plants with pliant, tough stems, particularly Berchemia scandens, of the buckthorn family (Rhamnaceae), also known as rattan vine. B. scandens occurs in the central and southern United States. It climbs to the tops of trees and has alternate, elliptical

  • Supplement (reference work)

    Encyclop?dia Britannica: Third edition: …and the copyright of the Supplement to the third edition from Bonar for £100, 13,000 copies were sold.

  • Supplément au voyage de Bougainville (work by Diderot)

    Denis Diderot: Novels, dialogues, and plays: In the Supplément au voyage de Bougainville Diderot, in discussing the mores of the South Pacific islanders, emphasizes his conception of a free society based on tolerance and develops his views on sexual freedom.

  • supplemental benefit (welfare)

    United Kingdom: Cash benefits: …benefit of last resort is income support (formerly called the supplementary benefit); it is payable to individuals whose entitlement to insurance benefits has been exhausted or has left them with a very low income and to those who never had any entitlement to an insurance benefit. Other means-tested benefits assist…

  • Supplemental Charter of 1849 (British legislation)

    University of London: Under the Supplemental Charter of 1849, it became possible for students enrolled in any institution of higher learning anywhere in the British Empire to be examined by the university and awarded a University of London degree. Students from institutions as different as the University of Oxford and…

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