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  • Santagostini, Mario (Italian poet)

    Italian literature: Poetry after World War II: Also notable are Mario Santagostini, whose early work described the drab outskirts of his native Milan but who moved on to more metaphysical monologues, and Biancamaria Frabotta, who combined militant feminism with an elevated lyric diction tending toward the sublime.

  • Santal (people)

    Santhal, ethnic group of eastern India, numbering well over five million at the turn of the 21st century. Their greatest concentration is in the states of Bihar, Jharkhand, West Bengal, and Orissa, in the eastern part of the country. Some 200,000 also live in Bangladesh and more than 10,000 in

  • Santalaceae (plant family)

    Santalaceae, the sandalwood family (order Santalales), which includes about 36 genera and more than 400 species of semiparasitic shrubs, herbs, and trees, distributed in tropical and temperate regions. In some genera the unlobed, usually alternate leaves are reduced to scalelike structures. The

  • Santalales (plant order)

    Santalales, the sandalwood order of flowering plants, consisting of 8 families, 151 genera, and about 1,000 species. All the families in Santalales are parasitic to some degree, attaching either to the roots or branches of their hosts. They include Santalaceae, Loranthaceae, Balanophoraceae,

  • SantaLand Diaries, The (work by Sedaris)

    David Sedaris: …1992, reading his story “The SantaLand Diaries,” which recounted his experiences as a Christmas elf at Macy’s department store in Manhattan. Within months of the broadcast, Sedaris’s essays began to appear in such magazines as Harper’s, The New Yorker, and Esquire. His first book, Barrel Fever, which included “The…

  • Santali language

    Santali language, a Munda language spoken primarily in the east-central Indian states of West Bengal, Jharkhand, and Orissa. At the turn of the 21st century there were approximately 6 million speakers of Santali, some 4.8 million of whom lived in India, more than 150,000 in Bangladesh, and about

  • Santalum (plant)

    Sandalwood, any semiparasitic plant of the genus Santalum (family Santalaceae), especially the fragrant wood of the true, or white, sandalwood, Santalum album. The approximately 10 species of Santalum are distributed throughout southeastern Asia and the islands of the South Pacific. Many other

  • Santalum album (tree)

    sandalwood: …the true, or white, sandalwood, Santalum album. The approximately 10 species of Santalum are distributed throughout southeastern Asia and the islands of the South Pacific.

  • Santamaría Cuadrado, Haydée (Cuban revolutionary and politician)

    Haydée Santamaría Cuadrado, Cuban revolutionary and politician who became one of the most prominent women in Cuba under the government of Fidel Castro. Santamaría and her brother Abel fought beside Castro during the abortive 1953 coup that provided the name for his 26th of July Movement. Both

  • Santamaría, Juan (Costa Rican soldier)

    Alajuela: It was the home of Juan Santamaría, a Costa Rican soldier and hero of the defense against the invasion by the American filibuster (military adventurer) William Walker in 1856. The local Cultural Historical Museum is named in Santamaría’s honour, as is the country’s principal airport, which is located 2 miles…

  • Santamaria, Mongo (Cuban-American drummer)

    Ramon Santamaria, (“Mongo”), Cuban-born American conga drummer (born April 7, 1922, Havana, Cuba—died February 1, 2003, Miami, Florida, U.S.), played for years with mambo stars (Perez Prado, Tito Puente, Cal Tjader) before forming his own bands and becoming a Latin jazz giant himself. He was a top

  • Santamaria, Ramon (Cuban-American drummer)

    Ramon Santamaria, (“Mongo”), Cuban-born American conga drummer (born April 7, 1922, Havana, Cuba—died February 1, 2003, Miami, Florida, U.S.), played for years with mambo stars (Perez Prado, Tito Puente, Cal Tjader) before forming his own bands and becoming a Latin jazz giant himself. He was a top

  • Santamaría, Santi (Spanish chef and restaurateur)

    Santi Santamaría, Catalan Spanish chef and restaurateur (born July 26, 1957, Sant Celoni, near Barcelona, Spain—died Feb. 16, 2011, Singapore), championed locally sourced traditional Catalan food, perfectly prepared and presented at his restaurant El Racó de Can Fabes, and brought new attention and

  • Santana (American musical group)

    Santana, American musical group whose use of salsa and mambo-style percussion exposed a wide rock audience to traditional Latin American music. The primary early members were Carlos Santana (b. July 20, 1947, Autlán de Navarro, Mexico), Gregg Rolie (b. June 17, 1947, Seattle, Washington, U.S.),

  • Santana (album by Santana)

    Carlos Santana: Santana, featuring the top-10 hit “Evil Ways,” peaked at number four on the album charts in 1969. Abraxas, with the hits “Black Magic Woman” and “Oye Como Va,” reached number one the next year. Santana III (1971) and Caravanserai (1972) followed.

  • Santana Blues Band (American musical group)

    Santana, American musical group whose use of salsa and mambo-style percussion exposed a wide rock audience to traditional Latin American music. The primary early members were Carlos Santana (b. July 20, 1947, Autlán de Navarro, Mexico), Gregg Rolie (b. June 17, 1947, Seattle, Washington, U.S.),

  • Santana das Cruzes de Mogi Mirim (Brazil)

    Mogi das Cruzes, city, southeastern S?o Paulo estado (state), southeastern Brazil. It lies at 2,493 feet (760 metres) above sea level on the Tietê River, just east of S?o Paulo city. Formerly known as M’bboygi and Santana das Cruzes de Mogi Mirim, it gained town status in 1611 and was made the seat

  • Santana III (album by Santana)

    Santana: …and “Oye Como Va,” and Santana III (1971), featuring new guitarist Neal Schon, followed. With Caravanserai (1972) the group shifted toward jazz. Musicians began leaving the band—most notably Rolie and Schon, who formed Journey. Influenced in part by the philosophy of Sri Chinmoy, Carlos Santana continued excursions into jazz-rock with

  • Santana IV (album by Santana)

    Santana: …mostly instrumental Shape Shifter (2012); Santana IV (2016), recorded with almost all the original band members; and Power of Peace (2017), a collaboration with the Isley Brothers.

  • Santana, Carlos (American musician)

    Carlos Santana, Mexican-born American musician whose popular music combined rock, jazz, blues, and Afro-Cuban rhythms with a Latin sound. Santana began playing the violin at age five; by age eight, however, he had switched to the guitar. As a teenager, he played in bands in Tijuana, Mexico, where

  • Santana, Pedro (president of Dominican Republic)

    Dominican Republic: Caudillos: …the Dominican Republic, most notably Pedro Santana and Buenaventura Báez, two dictatorial presidents who prevented the growth of democracy and sold out the country to foreign and commercial interests. Santana’s maladministration and heavy military spending (to ward off Haitian attacks) bankrupted the nation, and in 1861 he invited Spain to…

  • Santanachelys gaffneyi (fossil turtle)

    turtle: Origin and evolution: The oldest sea turtle (Santanachelys gaffneyi) is known from the mid-Cretaceous. It is a member of the Protostegidae, a likely sister group of modern leatherback sea turtles. S. gaffneyi had a streamlined shell of about 1.5 metres (5 feet) and forelimbs well along the evolutionary path to becoming flippers.

  • Santander (autonomous area and region, Spain)

    Cantabria, comunidad autónoma (autonomous community) and historic region of Spain, coextensive with the northern Spanish provincia (province) of Cantabria. Cantabria is bounded by the Bay of Biscay to the north and by the autonomous communities of Basque Country to the east, Castile-León to the

  • Santander (Spain)

    Santander, port city, capital of Cantabria provincia (province) and comunidad autónoma (autonomous community), northern Spain. It is situated on the narrow coastline along the southern shore of Cape Mayor, a rocky peninsula extending eastward and sheltering Santander Bay (an inlet of the Bay of

  • Santander (province, Spain)

    Cantabria, provincia (province) in Cantabria comunidad autónoma (autonomous community), northern Spain, bordering the Bay of Biscay. It is popularly known as La Monta?a (“The Mountain”) for its highlands that increase in elevation toward the south. Principal towns in Cantabria include Santander,

  • Santander, Francisco de Paula (Colombian statesman and soldier)

    Francisco de Paula Santander, soldier and statesman who fought beside Simón Bolívar in the war for South American independence and who served as president of the newly formed New Granada (Colombia) from 1833 until 1837. Santander left law school in 1810 to join the patriot army and was promoted

  • Santángel, Luis de (Spanish treasurer)

    Native American: European populations and polities: …of income, the royal treasurer, Luis de Santángel, urged the monarchs to accept Columbus’s proposal to explore a western route to the East. Although Columbus did not find a route with which to sidestep Ottoman trade hegemony, his journey nonetheless opened the way to overseas wealth. Spain used American resources…

  • Santanilla Islands (islands, Caribbean Sea)

    Swan Islands, two islets (Greater and Lesser Swan) in the Caribbean Sea, 97 miles (156 km) north of Honduras. Discovered by Christopher Columbus on St. Anne’s feast day in 1502, they were named Islas Santa Ana. The islands, only 1.6 square miles (4 square km) in area, served as a pirate haunt from

  • Santaolalla, Gustavo (Argentine composer, musician, and band leader)
  • Santarém (Portugal)

    Santarém, city and concelho (municipality), central Portugal. It lies along the Tagus (Tejo) River, 47 miles (76 km) northeast of Lisbon. The city originated as Scalabis (renamed Praesidium Julium by Julius Caesar) in Roman times. It served as an important fortress city in the course of the wars

  • Santarém (Brazil)

    Santarém, city, west-central Pará estado (state), northern Brazil. It is situated on the right bank of the Tapajós River, near its confluence with the Amazon River. Santarém was founded in 1661 as a Jesuit mission to a Tapajó Indian settlement (aldeia) and grew around a fort built by Pedro

  • Santareno, Bernardo (Portuguese poet, dramatist, and physician)

    Bernardo Santareno, poet and dramatist, considered one of Portugal’s leading 20th-century playwrights. Santareno’s university studies at Coimbra were completed in medicine. Subsequently he pursued a dual career in Lisbon as a psychiatrist and writer. Santareno created a stage world reminiscent of

  • Santayana, George (Spanish-American philosopher)

    George Santayana, Spanish-American philosopher, poet, and humanist who made important contributions to aesthetics, speculative philosophy, and literary criticism. From 1912 he resided in Europe, chiefly in France and Italy. George Santayana was born in Madrid of Spanish parents. He never

  • Santee (people)

    Santee, a major group within the Sioux (q.v.) nation of North American Indians. Santee descendants numbered more than 3,200 individuals in the early 21st

  • Santee River (river, South Carolina, United States)

    Santee River, River, southeast-central South Carolina, U.S. The Santee flows southeast into the Atlantic Ocean after a course of 143 mi (230 km). It has been dammed to form the reservoir Lake Marion, which is connected by a navigable waterway, Lake Moultrie, and the Cooper River to Charleston. The

  • Santee-Wateree-Catawba river system (river system, United States)

    Santee-Wateree-Catawba river system, inland waterway 538 miles (866 km) long, in the southeastern United States, rising as the Catawba River in the Blue Ridge Mountains of western North Carolina. The Catawba flows east and then south into South Carolina to Great Falls, a distance of 220 miles (350

  • Santelli, Giorgio (Italian fencing master)

    Giorgio Santelli, Hungarian-born Italian fencing master, thought by many to be the greatest American fencing coach of the 20th century. As a small child, Giorgio Santelli began taking fencing lessons from his father, the great Italian master Italo Santelli, who was one of the founders of the

  • Santelli, Italo (Italian fencing master)

    Giorgio Santelli: …father, the great Italian master Italo Santelli, who was one of the founders of the formidable Hungarian school of sabre fencing. By the time he was 25, Santelli had won the Austrian foil and sabre championships and the Hungarian sabre championship.

  • Santelli, Rick (American journalist)

    Tea Party movement: Origins of the Tea Party: …on February 19, 2009, when Rick Santelli, a commentator on the business-news network CNBC, referenced the Boston Tea Party (1773) in his response to Pres. Barack Obama’s mortgage relief plan. Speaking from the floor of the Chicago Mercantile Exchange, Santelli heatedly stated that the bailout would “subsidize the losers’ mortgages”…

  • Santer, Jacques (prime minister of Luxembourg)

    Jacques Santer, Luxembourgian politician who served as prime minister of Luxembourg (1984–95) and president of the European Commission (1995–99). Santer graduated from the Athénée de Luxembourg, earned a certificate from the Paris Institute of Political Studies in 1959, and studied law at the

  • Santería (religion)

    Santería, (Spanish: “The Way of the Saints”) the most common name given to a religious tradition of African origin that was developed in Cuba and then spread throughout Latin America and the United States. Santería was brought to Cuba by the people of the Yoruban nations of West Africa, who were

  • Santhal (people)

    Santhal, ethnic group of eastern India, numbering well over five million at the turn of the 21st century. Their greatest concentration is in the states of Bihar, Jharkhand, West Bengal, and Orissa, in the eastern part of the country. Some 200,000 also live in Bangladesh and more than 10,000 in

  • Santhali language

    Santali language, a Munda language spoken primarily in the east-central Indian states of West Bengal, Jharkhand, and Orissa. At the turn of the 21st century there were approximately 6 million speakers of Santali, some 4.8 million of whom lived in India, more than 150,000 in Bangladesh, and about

  • ?ānti (Hinduism)

    Hinduism: Ethical and social doctrines: …from every evil also involved shanti, the observance of various customs regarding the avoidance of inauspicious occurrences. Ritual purity was the principal concern of the compilers of the manuals of dharma (religious law), which have contributed much to the special character of Hinduism. According to the authorities on dharma, ritual…

  • Santi Asoke (Buddhist organization)

    Buddhism: From Myanmar to the Mekong delta: Two late 20th-century Buddhist groups, Santi Asoke (founded 1975) and Dhammakaya, are especially interesting. Santi Asoke, a lay-oriented group that advocates stringent discipline, moral rectitude, and political reform, has been very much at odds with the established ecclesiastical hierarchy. The Dhammakaya group has been much more successful at gathering a…

  • Santi Giovanni e Paolo (church, Rome, Italy)

    Rome: The Caelian: The basilica of Santi Giovanni e Paolo, from the 5th century, stands in a piazza that has few buildings later than the Middle Ages. Alongside the church are the remains of the platform of the Temple of Claudius, dismantled partly by Nero, completely by Vespasian. The round church…

  • Santi Giovanni e Paolo (church, Venice, Italy)

    Giovanni Battista Piazzetta: …Chapel of the Sacrament in Santi Giovanni e Paolo. The “Ecstasy of St. Francis,” perhaps his finest religious work, dates from about 1732, and some three years later he was commissioned to execute an “Assumption” for the elector of Cologne. The celebrated “Fortune Teller” is dated 1740. “The Pastoral” and…

  • Santi Quattro Coronati (abbey, Rome, Italy)

    Rome: The Caelian: …abbey left in Rome stands Santi Quattro Coronati, today sheltering nuns. The basilica of Santi Giovanni e Paolo, from the 5th century, stands in a piazza that has few buildings later than the Middle Ages. Alongside the church are the remains of the platform of the Temple of Claudius, dismantled…

  • Santi, Gino P. (American engineer)

    Gino P. Santi, American engineer whose long career with the U.S. Air Force was most notable for his development of the pilot ejection system (b. Feb. 5, 1916--d. April 3,

  • Santi, Raffaello (Italian painter and architect)

    Raphael, master painter and architect of the Italian High Renaissance. Raphael is best known for his Madonnas and for his large figure compositions in the Vatican. His work is admired for its clarity of form and ease of composition and for its visual achievement of the Neoplatonic ideal of human

  • Santiago

    Jamaica, island country of the West Indies. It is the third largest island in the Caribbean Sea, after Cuba and Hispaniola. Jamaica is about 146 miles (235 km) long and varies from 22 to 51 miles (35 to 82 km) wide. It is situated some 100 miles (160 km) west of Haiti, 90 miles (150 km) south of

  • Santiago (island, Galápagos Islands, Ecuador)

    San Salvador Island, one of the Galapagos Islands, in the eastern Pacific Ocean about 600 miles (965 km) west of mainland Ecuador. Its relief is dominated by two volcanoes, the larger rising to 1,700 feet (520 m), that form the mass of the island’s area of 203 square miles (526 square km).

  • Santiago (region, Chile)

    Santiago, región metropolitana, central Chile, bordering Argentina on the east, Valparaíso region on the north and west, and O’Higgins region on the south. Santiago, created a province in 1826 and a metropolitan region in 1974, is divided into the provinces of Santiago, Chacabuco, Cordillera,

  • Santiago (national capital, Chile)

    Santiago, capital of Chile. It lies on the canalized Mapocho River, with views of high Andean peaks to the east. The city was founded as Santiago del Nuevo Extremo (“Santiago of the New Frontier”) in 1541 by the Spanish conquistador Pedro de Valdivia. The area was inhabited by the Picunche Indians,

  • santiago (dance)

    Morris dance: …as the moriscas (or moriscos), santiagos, and matachinas of the Mediterranean and Latin America, and the c?lu?ari of Romania. The wide distribution of such dances suggests an ancient Indo-European origin. A common feature of many of them is that of a group of dancing men attendant on a pagan god…

  • Santiago (island, Cabo Verde)

    Santiago, largest and most populous island of Cabo Verde, in the Atlantic Ocean, about 400 miles (640 km) off the West African coast. The land rises to its highest elevation at Antónia Peak, 4,566 feet (1,392 metres) above sea level. Santiago is Cabo Verde’s most agriculturally productive island.

  • Santiago (Dominican Republic)

    Santiago de los Caballeros, city, northern Dominican Republic. It is situated on the Yaque del Norte River, in the heart of the fertile Cibao Valley, and is known as the capital of the Cibao region. Santiago de los Caballeros is the country’s second largest city and is more traditional than the

  • Santiago (Guatemala)

    Antigua Guatemala, city, southwestern Guatemala, at an elevation of 5,029 feet (1,533 metres). Capital of the former captaincy general, Antigua Guatemala was once the most important seat of Spanish colonial government between Mexico City and Lima, Peru. Founded as Santiago de los Caballeros de

  • Santiago (Panama)

    Santiago, city, western Panama. It is located in the Pacific lowlands north of Puerto Mutis, its port on the estuary of the San Pedro River (emptying into the Gulf of Montijo). One of the oldest settlements in Panama, the city flourished in the colonial era, and many fine old buildings remain. It

  • Santiago (Spain)

    Santiago de Compostela, city, A Coru?a provincia (province), capital of the comunidad autonóma (autonomous community) of Galicia, northwestern Spain. It lies near the confluence of the Sar and Sarela rivers, 32 miles (51 km) southwest of A Coru?a city. In 1985 UNESCO designated the city a World

  • Santiago de Compostela (Spain)

    Santiago de Compostela, city, A Coru?a provincia (province), capital of the comunidad autonóma (autonomous community) of Galicia, northwestern Spain. It lies near the confluence of the Sar and Sarela rivers, 32 miles (51 km) southwest of A Coru?a city. In 1985 UNESCO designated the city a World

  • Santiago de Compostela, Cathedral of (cathedral, Santiago de Compostela, Spain)

    Santiago de Compostela: In 1078 the present cathedral was begun by order of Alfonso VI of Leon and Castile. This Romanesque building, located at the east end of the Plaza del Obradoiro, has a Baroque west facade (the Obradoiro) built (1738–50) by Fernando Casas y Novoa. An outstanding feature of the interior…

  • Santiago de Compostela, Route of (pilgrimage route, Europe)

    Santiago de Compostela: The Route of Santiago de Compostela, designated a World Heritage site in 1993, was a series of roads through France and Spain that converged on the city; the route was traveled each year throughout the Middle Ages by thousands of pilgrims. The city remained a site…

  • Santiago de Cuba (Cuba)

    Santiago de Cuba, city, eastern Cuba. The second largest city in the country, it nestles in a valley of the Sierra Maestra that is pierced by a pouch-shaped bay on the Caribbean Sea. The bay’s entrance, cutting into high bluffs that rise from the sea, is nearly invisible offshore. The chief bluff,

  • Santiago de Cuba, Battle of (Spanish-American War)

    Battle of Santiago de Cuba, (July 3, 1898), concluding naval engagement, near Santiago de Cuba, Cuba, of the Spanish-American War, which sealed the U.S. victory over the Spaniards. On May 19, 1898, a month after the outbreak of hostilities between the two powers, a Spanish fleet under Admiral

  • Santiago de Guayaquil (Ecuador)

    Guayaquil, largest city and chief port of Ecuador. It is situated on the west bank of the Guayas River, 45 miles (72 km) upstream from the Gulf of Guayaquil of the Pacific Ocean. The original Spanish settlement was founded in the 1530s at the mouth of the Babahoyo River, just east of the present

  • Santiago de la Vega (Jamaica)

    Spanish Town, city, southeast-central Jamaica. It is situated along the Rio Cobre, some 10 miles (16 km) west of Kingston. Probably laid out by Diego Columbus (c. 1523), it was originally called Santiago de la Vega (St. James of the Plain), and it was Jamaica’s capital from 1692 until 1872. It is

  • Santiago de León de Caracas (national capital, Venezuela)

    Caracas, city, capital of Venezuela, and one of the principal cities of South America. It is Venezuela’s largest urban agglomeration and the country’s primary centre of industry, commerce, education, and culture. Founded in 1567 as Santiago de León de Caracas, the city grew slowly until the 1940s,

  • Santiago de los Caballeros (Dominican Republic)

    Santiago de los Caballeros, city, northern Dominican Republic. It is situated on the Yaque del Norte River, in the heart of the fertile Cibao Valley, and is known as the capital of the Cibao region. Santiago de los Caballeros is the country’s second largest city and is more traditional than the

  • Santiago de los Caballeros de Guatemala (Guatemala)

    Antigua Guatemala, city, southwestern Guatemala, at an elevation of 5,029 feet (1,533 metres). Capital of the former captaincy general, Antigua Guatemala was once the most important seat of Spanish colonial government between Mexico City and Lima, Peru. Founded as Santiago de los Caballeros de

  • Santiago de Querétaro (Mexico)

    Querétaro, city, capital of Querétaro estado (state), central Mexico. Situated on the Mexican Plateau at an elevation of about 6,100 feet (1,860 metres) above sea level, it is some 130 miles (210 km) northwest of Mexico City. Querétaro is considered an excellent example of a Spanish colonial city;

  • Santiago de Surco (district, Peru)

    Santiago de Surco, distrito (district), southeastern Lima–Callao metropolitan area, Peru. Created in about 1824 (reorganized 1893 and 1929), it stretches eastward from the Surco River to the foothills of the Andes and is bisected from north to south by the Pan-American Highway. The surrounding area

  • Santiago del Estero (Argentina)

    Santiago del Estero, city, capital of Santiago del Estero provincia (province), northwestern Argentina, and the oldest continuous settlement in the country. It was founded in 1553 by Spaniards coming from Peru, led by Francisco de Aguirre, and it was moved slightly south in 1556 to its present

  • Santiago del Estero (province, Argentina)

    Santiago del Estero, provincia (province), north-central Argentina. It is located mostly at the southwestern margins of the vast Gran Chaco lowland plains, but it also extends onto the piedmont of the Andes Mountains in the far west. The city of Santiago del Estero, on the west-central border, is

  • Santiago del Nuevo Extremo (national capital, Chile)

    Santiago, capital of Chile. It lies on the canalized Mapocho River, with views of high Andean peaks to the east. The city was founded as Santiago del Nuevo Extremo (“Santiago of the New Frontier”) in 1541 by the Spanish conquistador Pedro de Valdivia. The area was inhabited by the Picunche Indians,

  • Santiago Island (island, Galápagos Islands, Ecuador)

    San Salvador Island, one of the Galapagos Islands, in the eastern Pacific Ocean about 600 miles (965 km) west of mainland Ecuador. Its relief is dominated by two volcanoes, the larger rising to 1,700 feet (520 m), that form the mass of the island’s area of 203 square miles (526 square km).

  • Santiago Mountains (mountains, Texas, United States)

    Santiago Mountains, segment of the southern Rocky Mountains that extends southeastward for about 35 miles (56 km) across southwestern Texas, U.S. The highest point, Santiago Peak (6,535 feet [1,992 metres]), was used as a lookout by the Apache, and remnants of an old Apache campsite are still

  • Santiago Peak (mountain, California, United States)

    Santa Ana Mountains: …to their highest point at Santiago Peak, an elevation of 5,687 feet (1,733 metres). They lie within a division of Cleveland National Forest. The western part of the mountains contains Limestone Canyon and Whiting Ranch Wilderness Park, and on the eastern edge is Glen Ivy Hot Springs.

  • Santiago Peak (mountain, Texas, United States)

    Santiago Mountains: The highest point, Santiago Peak (6,535 feet [1,992 metres]), was used as a lookout by the Apache, and remnants of an old Apache campsite are still present at the top. The mountains include the northern tip of Big Bend National Park near Persimmon Gap, which was once used…

  • Santiago River (river, Mexico)

    Río Grande de Santiago, river in Jalisco and Nayarit states, west-central Mexico. It flows out of Lake Chapala near Ocotlán and is an extension of the Lerma River, which enters the lake near La Barca. The Santiago flows generally northward and westward through the Sierra Madre Occidental, receiving

  • Santiago Rodríguez (Dominican Republic)

    Santiago Rodríguez, city, northwestern Dominican Republic, on the northern slopes of the Cordillera Central. The city serves as a commercial centre for the region, dealing principally in tobacco, beeswax, timber, and hides. It can be reached by secondary highway from Mao and Dajabón. Pop. (2002)

  • Santiago School of Architecture (school, Santiago, Chile)

    Latin American architecture: Architecture of the new independent republics, c. 1810–70: In Chile the Santiago School of Architecture was founded in 1849 by the Frenchman Fran?ois Brunet de Baines. In both the school’s pedagogy and its architecture, Brunet introduced to Santiago the influence of the French Beaux-Arts eclectic historicism. He then began to work for the government and designed…

  • Santiago, Joey (musician)

    Pixies: ), Joey Santiago (b. June 10, 1965, Manila, Philippines), Kim Deal (b. June 10, 1961, Dayton, Ohio, U.S.), and David Lovering (b. December 6, 1961, Burlington, Massachusetts, U.S.).

  • Santiago, Orden de (Spanish military and religious order)

    Order of Santiago, Christian military-religious order of knights founded about 1160 in Spain for the purpose of fighting Spanish Muslims and of protecting pilgrims on their way to the shrine of Santiago de Compostela. Originally called the Order of Cáceres, after the city in which it was founded,

  • Santiago, Order of (Spanish military and religious order)

    Order of Santiago, Christian military-religious order of knights founded about 1160 in Spain for the purpose of fighting Spanish Muslims and of protecting pilgrims on their way to the shrine of Santiago de Compostela. Originally called the Order of Cáceres, after the city in which it was founded,

  • Santiago, Río (river, Mexico)

    Río Grande de Santiago, river in Jalisco and Nayarit states, west-central Mexico. It flows out of Lake Chapala near Ocotlán and is an extension of the Lerma River, which enters the lake near La Barca. The Santiago flows generally northward and westward through the Sierra Madre Occidental, receiving

  • Santiago, Río Grande de (river, Mexico)

    Río Grande de Santiago, river in Jalisco and Nayarit states, west-central Mexico. It flows out of Lake Chapala near Ocotlán and is an extension of the Lerma River, which enters the lake near La Barca. The Santiago flows generally northward and westward through the Sierra Madre Occidental, receiving

  • ?āntideva (Buddhist scholar)

    Buddhism: Madhyamika (Sanlun/Sanron): …the Madhyamika Karika, and by Shantideva (c. 650–750), whose Shiksa-samuccaya (“Summary of Training”) and Bodhicharyavatara (“The Coming of the Bodhisattva Way of Life”) are among the most popular Mahayana literary works.

  • Santillana, I?igo López de Mendoza, marqués de (Spanish poet)

    I?igo López de Mendoza, marquis de Santillana, Spanish poet and Humanist who was one of the great literary and political figures of his time. As lord of the vast Mendoza estates, he led the nobles in a war against King John II of Castile and in expeditions against the Muslims; he also collected a

  • ?antiniketan (former town, India)

    Shantiniketan, former town, north-central West Bengal state, northeastern India. It is now part of the town of Bolpur. Shantiniketan (Sanskrit: “The Abode of Peace”) began as Shantiniketan Ashram, a meditation centre founded and endowed in 1863 by Maharishi Debendranath, the father of the

  • Santipur (India)

    Santipur, city, eastern West Bengal state, northeastern India. It lies just north of the Hugli (Hooghly) River about 55 miles (90 km) north of Kolkata (Calcutta). Santipur was the centre of large factories (trading stations) under the British East India Company, and Santipur handwoven muslins had a

  • ?āntirak?ita (Indian teacher)

    ?āntirak?ita, Indian Buddhist teacher and saint who was instrumental in the development of Tibetan Buddhism. Invited to Tibet by King Thī-srong-detsan (ruled 740–786), ?āntirak?ita was forced to flee to Nepal after adherents of the nativistic Bon religion blamed him for the outbreak of an epidemic.

  • S?ntis (mountain, Switzerland)

    Switzerland: Precipitation: …(1,300 mm), while precipitation at S?ntis, at an elevation of 8,202 feet (2,500 metres) but only some 12 miles (20 km) away, is more than 110 inches (2,800 mm). The average annual precipitation of three-fourths of the country exceeds 40 inches (1,000 mm), varying amounts of which fall as snow.…

  • Santissima Annunziata (church, Florence, Italy)

    Andrea del Sarto: …the church and convent of SS. Annunziata (for which he executed frescoes in 1509–14 [in the Chiostro dei Voti] and 1525 [in the Chiostro Grande]), and he moved to a workshop near it in or about 1511. There, for five or six years, he shared the experiences and sometimes commissions…

  • Santissimo Sacramento Chapel (chapel, Rome, Italy)

    Gian Lorenzo Bernini: Later years: …years: the altar of the Santissimo Sacramento Chapel (1673–74). The pliant, human adoration of the angels contrasts with the timeless architecture of the bronze tabernacle that they flank and typifies Bernini’s late style. In his last years he seems to have found the inexorable laws of architecture a consoling antithesis…

  • Santo (Vanuatu)

    Espiritu Santo: …on the south coast near Luganville, the second largest town of Vanuatu, which has a deepwater port and an airport. Luganville was an important Allied military base during World War II. Exports include copra, coffee, cacao, canned meat, and tuna. Tourism gained importance in the late 20th century; divers are…

  • Santo (island, Vanuatu)

    Espiritu Santo, largest (1,420 square miles [3,677 square km]) and westernmost island of Vanuatu, in the southwestern Pacific Ocean. Volcanic in origin, it has a mountain range running along its west coast; Tabwémasana rises to 6,165 feet (1,879 metres), the highest point in Vanuatu. The island is

  • Santo André (Brazil)

    Santo André, city, southeastern S?o Paulo estado (state), Brazil. It lies along the Tamanduatei River at 2,438 feet (743 metres) above sea level. Santo André is part of the S?o Paulo metropolitan area. The original colonial settlement became a town in 1553 and a municipal seat in 1889. The city’s

  • Santo Ant?o Island (island, Cabo Verde)

    Santo Ant?o Island, northwesternmost island of Cape Verde in the Atlantic Ocean, about 400 miles (640 km) off the western African coast. It rises to Tope de Coroa (6,493 feet [1,979 metres]). Coffee, bananas, oranges, sugarcane, tobacco, and cinchona are cultivated on the island, and livestock are

  • Santo Ant?nio de Piracicaba (Brazil)

    Piracicaba, city, in the highlands of east-central S?o Paulo estado (state), southeastern Brazil. It lies at 1,772 feet (540 metres) above sea level on the Tietê River. Formerly called Santo Ant?nio de Piracicaba and Vila Nova da Constitui??o, the settlement was given town status in 1821 and made

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