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  • Secret Service (United States government agency)

    U.S. Secret Service, federal law-enforcement agency within the United States Department of Homeland Security tasked with the criminal investigation of counterfeiting and other financial crimes. After the assassination of Pres. William McKinley in 1901, the agency also assumed the role of chief

  • secret society

    Afrikaner-Broederbond: English Afrikaner Brotherhood, South African secret society composed of Afrikaans-speaking Protestant, white men over the age of 25. Although its political power was extensive and evident throughout South African society for many decades, its rituals and membership—by invitation only—remained secret.

  • secret speech (Soviet history)

    Khrushchev’s secret speech, (February 25, 1956), in Russian history, denunciation of the deceased Soviet leader Joseph Stalin made by Nikita S. Khrushchev to a closed session of the 20th Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. The speech was the nucleus of a far-reaching

  • Secret Superstar (film by Chandan [2017])

    Aamir Khan: …Bollywood history; and the musical Secret Superstar (2017). In 2007 Khan made his directorial debut with Taare zameen par (Like Stars on Earth); he also starred in that critically acclaimed drama.

  • Secret Villages (short stories by Dunn)

    Douglas Dunn: …also published the short-story collections Secret Villages (1985) and Boyfriends and Girlfriends (1995). He edited a number of anthologies, notably The Oxford Book of Scottish Short Stories (1995) and The Faber Book of Twentieth Century Scottish Poetry (2006). Dunn was created an Officer of the Order of the British Empire…

  • secret voting (politics)

    Australian ballot, the system of voting in which voters mark their choices in privacy on uniform ballots printed and distributed by the government or designate their choices by some other secret means. Victoria and South Australia were the first states to introduce secrecy of the ballot (1856), and

  • Secret Ways, The (film by Karlson [1961])

    Phil Karlson: Later films: …leader, and the spy adventure The Secret Ways (1961) starred Richard Widmark as an American mercenary hired to smuggle a famous scholar out of Hungary following the country’s 1956 revolution. Karlson continued to explore new genres with The Young Doctors (1961), a medical soap opera based on a popular novel…

  • secret-sharing (cryptology)

    cryptology: Secret-sharing: To understand public-key cryptography fully, one must first understand the essentials of one of the basic tools in contemporary cryptology: secret-sharing. There is only one way to design systems whose overall reliability must be greater than that of some critical components—as is the case…

  • Secreta fidelium crucis (work by Sanudo)

    Crusades: The later Crusades: …1321 Marino Sanudo, in his Secreta fidelium crucis (“Secrets of the Faithful of the Cross”), produced an elaborate plan for an economic blockade of Egypt. But none of these or any other such schemes was put into effect.

  • secretaire (furniture)

    Secretary, a writing desk fitted with drawers, one of which can be pulled out and the front lowered to provide a flat writing surface. There are many variations to this basic design. Early versions, which appeared in France in the first half of the 18th century, were made in one piece divided into

  • secrétaire d’état (French government)

    France: The growth of a professional bureaucracy: …secretaries the official title of secrétaire d’état, and in 1561 they became full members of the royal council. Closely associated with them and destined to overshadow them in importance in the first half of the 17th century were the superintendents of finance, formally established in 1564, though exercising an already…

  • Secretariat (racehorse)

    Secretariat, (foaled 1970), American racehorse (Thoroughbred) who is widely considered the greatest horse of the second half of the 20th century. A record-breaking money winner, in 1973 he became the ninth winner of the U.S. Triple Crown (the Kentucky Derby, the Preakness Stakes, and the Belmont

  • Secretariat (building complex, New Delhi, India)

    Delhi: City layout: …the India Gate), to the Central Secretariat buildings and the Presidential House (Rashtrapati Bhavan). This is the main east-west axis; it divides New Delhi into two parts, with a large shopping and business district, Connaught Place, in the north and extensive residential areas in the south.

  • Secretariat (UN)

    Secretariat, the organ that administers and coordinates the activities of the United Nations. It is headed by the UN secretary-general. The Secretariat influences the work of the United Nations to a degree much greater than indicated in the UN Charter. This influence largely results from the fact

  • Secretariat (European organization)

    Council of Europe: The Secretariat, with a staff of about 1,000, serves the other three main organizations within the council.

  • secretariat (government)

    China: Constitutional framework: …Political Bureau itself, and the Secretariat—has varied a great deal, and from 1966 until the late 1970s the Secretariat did not function at all. There is in any case a partial overlap of membership among these organs and between these top CCP bodies and the Standing Committee of the State…

  • Secretariat (Chinese government)

    China: Central government: …was dominated by a unitary Secretariat. The senior executive official of the Secretariat served the emperor as a chief counselor, or prime minister. Suspected treason on the part of the chief counselor Hu Weiyong in 1380 caused the Hongwu emperor to abolish all executive posts in the Secretariat, thus fragmenting…

  • secretary (furniture)

    Secretary, a writing desk fitted with drawers, one of which can be pulled out and the front lowered to provide a flat writing surface. There are many variations to this basic design. Early versions, which appeared in France in the first half of the 18th century, were made in one piece divided into

  • secretary (government official)

    public administration: Early systems: …within these bodies the monarchs’ secretaries, initially given low status within a council, emerged as perhaps the first professional civil servants in Europe in the modern sense. The proximity of the secretaries to the monarch gave them more knowledge of royal intentions, and their relative permanence gave them greater expertise…

  • secretary bird (bird)

    Secretary bird, (Sagittarius serpentarius), bird of prey (family Sagittaridae) of the dry uplands of Africa, the only living bird of prey of terrestrial habits. It is a long-legged bird, with a slender but powerful body 1.2 m (3.9 feet) long and a 2.1-metre (6.9-foot) wingspread. Twenty black crest

  • secretary-general (UN)

    Secretary-general, the principal administrative officer of the United Nations. See Secretariat. The table provides a historical list of UN

  • secretin (hormone)

    Secretin, a digestive hormone secreted by the wall of the upper part of the small intestine (the duodenum) that regulates gastric acid secretion and pH levels in the duodenum. Secretin is a polypeptide made up of 27 amino acids. It was discovered in 1902 by British physiologists Sir William M.

  • secretion (biology)

    Secretion, in biology, production and release of a useful substance by a gland or cell; also, the substance produced. In addition to the enzymes and hormones that facilitate and regulate complex biochemical processes, body tissues also secrete a variety of substances that provide lubrication and

  • secreto de sus ojos, El (film by Campanella)
  • secretor system (biology)

    Secretor system, phenotype based on the presence of soluble antigens on the surfaces of red blood cells and in body fluids, including saliva, semen, sweat, and gastrointestinal juices. The ability to secrete antigens into body fluids is of importance in medicine and genetics because of its

  • secretory granule (anatomy)

    hypothalamus: Hypothalamic regulation of hormone secretion: …hormones that are incorporated into secretory granules that are then carried through the axons and stored in nerve terminals located in the median eminence or posterior pituitary gland. In response to neural stimuli, the contents of the secretory granules are extruded from the nerve terminals into a capillary network. In…

  • secretory otitis media (ear disorder)

    ear disease: …a disorder called serous, or secretory, otitis media. In early and middle adult life the usual cause for progressive impairment of hearing is otosclerosis. The usual cause of hearing loss after the age of 60 is presbycusis, a disorder that results from the aging process.

  • Secrets and Lies (film by Leigh [1996])

    Mike Leigh: …success with the release of Secrets and Lies (1996), which follows a black woman’s search for her birth mother, who turns out to be white. The film won the Palme d’Or at Cannes and also received five Academy Award nominations, including best picture, best original screenplay, and best director. After…

  • Secrets of a Soul (film by Pabst)

    G.W. Pabst: …was Geheimnisse einer Seele (1926; Secrets of a Soul), a realistic consideration of psychoanalysis that recalls Expressionist themes in its detailed examination of a disturbed consciousness. Die Liebe der Jeanne Ney (1927; The Love of Jeanne Ney) incorporates documentary shots to heighten the realism of its postwar setting. These three…

  • Secrets of Enoch, Book of the (religious literature)

    Second Book of Enoch, pseudepigraphal work whose only extant version is a Slavonic translation of the Greek original. The Slavonic edition is a Christian work, probably of the 7th century ad, but it rests upon an older Jewish work written sometime in the 1st century ad (but before the destruction

  • Secrets of the Self, The (poem by Iqbal)

    Sir Muhammad Iqbal: Early life and career: …Persian poem Asrār-e khūdī (The Secrets of the Self). He wrote in Persian because he sought to address his appeal to the entire Muslim world. In this work he presents a theory of the self that is a strong condemnation of the self-negating quietism (i.e., the belief that perfection…

  • Secretum (work by Baker)

    Augustine Baker: …writings available in print are Secretum, a commentary on the Cloud of Unknowing, in which the first section is somewhat of a spiritual autobiography (published under the title The Confessions of Venerable Fr. A.B., 1922) the second section is an exposition of the Cloud itself (ed. by J. McCann, 1924);…

  • secretum (Byzantine bureau)

    eparch: …bureau of the government, the secretum, acted to carry out his orders.

  • Secretum meum (work by Petrarch)

    Petrarch: Moral and literary evolution (1340–46): …a common reading of the Secretum meum (1342–43). It is an autobiographical treatise consisting of three dialogues between Petrarch and St. Augustine in the presence of Truth. In it he maintains hope that, even amidst worldly preoccupations and error, even while absorbed in himself and his own affairs, a man…

  • Sect Shintō (Japanese religion)

    Kyōha Shintō, group of folk religious sects in Japan that were separated by a government decree in 1882 from the suprareligious national cult, State Shintō. They were denied public support, and their denominations were called kyōkai (“church”), or kyōha (“sect”), to distinguish them from the

  • sectarianism (religion)

    Christianity: Church, sect, and mystical movement: The opposition develops into sects, which are comparatively small groups that strive for unmediated salvation and that are related indifferently or antagonistically to the world. The exclusivity and historical discontinuity of the sect is signified by its adherence to believers’ baptism and efforts to imitate what it believes is…

  • Secteurs Sauvegardés, Commission des (French organization)

    art conservation and restoration: Role of law: ” In France, the Commission des Secteurs Sauvegardés was set up in 1962 under André Malraux, minister for cultural affairs, to pursue an active program for public protection of historic areas. In the United States, the Historic American Buildings Survey was designed to assemble a national archive of historic…

  • sectile (plant anatomy)

    orchid: Characteristic morphological features: …viscin threads and is called sectile; the other kind ranges from soft, mealy pollinia, through more compact masses, to hard, waxlike pollinia; the latter usually have some mealy pollen with viscin strands that attach the pollinia to each other or to a viscidium. This portion of the pollinium is called…

  • sectility (mineralogy)

    mineral: Tenacity: …particularly gold, silver, and copper); sectile, capable of being severed by the smooth cut of a knife (copper, silver, and gold are sectile); ductile, capable of being drawn into the form of a wire (gold, silver, and copper exhibit this property); flexible, bending easily and staying bent after the pressure…

  • section (military unit)

    military unit: …slightly larger unit is a section, which consists of 10 to 40 soldiers but is usually used only within headquarters or support organizations.) Three or four squads make up a platoon, which has 20 to 50 soldiers and is commanded by a lieutenant. Two or more platoons make up a…

  • Section d’Or (art group)

    Section d’Or, (French: “Golden Section”) Paris-based association of Cubist painters; the group was active from 1912 to about 1914. The group’s name was suggested by the painter Jacques Villon, who had developed an interest in the significance of mathematical proportions such as the ancient concept

  • Section for the Study of Chronic Illness, Impairment, and Disability (international organization)

    disability studies: Inspired by UPIAS, the Society for Disability Studies (SDS; originally Section for the Study of Chronic Illness, Impairment, and Disability [SSCIID]) was started in 1982 by a group of American academics led by activist and writer Irving Zola. Michael Oliver, a disabled sociologist, helped to push the movement into…

  • Section Fran?aise de l’Internationale Ouvrière (political party, France)

    Socialist Party (PS), major French political party formally established in 1905. The Socialist Party traces its roots to the French Revolution. Its predecessor parties, formed in the 19th century, drew inspiration from political and social theorists such as Charles Fourier, Henri de Saint-Simon,

  • section haulage (mining)

    coal mining: Haulage: …in three stages: face or section haulage, which transfers the coal from the active working faces; intermediate or panel haulage, which transfers the coal onto the primary or main haulage; and the main haulage system, which removes the coal from the mine. The fundamental difference between face, intermediate, and main…

  • Section of Fine Arts (United States federal arts project)

    Treasury Section of Painting and Sculpture, most important of the U.S. Department of the Treasury’s three visual arts programs conceived during the Great Depression of the 1930s by the Franklin D. Roosevelt administration and designed to embellish new federal buildings with murals and sculpture.

  • sectionalism (United States history)

    United States: National disunity: The most dramatic manifestation of national division was the political struggle over slavery, particularly over its spread into new territories. The Missouri Compromise of 1820 eased the threat of further disunity, at least for the time being. The sectional balance between the states was preserved: in the Louisiana Purchase, with…

  • sector-focused cyclotron

    particle accelerator: Sector-focused cyclotrons: The sector-focused cyclotron is another modification of the classical cyclotron that also evades relativistic constraint on its maximum energy. Its advantage over the synchrocyclotron is that the beam is not pulsed and is more intense. The frequency of the accelerating voltage is constant,…

  • secular acceleration of the Moon (astronomy)

    physical science: Impact of Newtonian theory: …most notably that of the secular acceleration of the Moon, defied early attempts at solution but finally yielded to the increasing power of the calculus of variations in the service of Newtonian theory. Thus, it was that Laplace—in his five-volume Traité de mécanique céleste (1798–1827; Celestial Mechanics)—was able to comprehend…

  • Secular Age, A (work by Taylor)

    Charles Taylor: Religion and secularity: …societies with his massive work A Secular Age, published in 2007. A Secular Age tracks some of the major changes in Christian belief in Western societies during the last five centuries, examining how it has come to be that modern individuals can understand themselves, their society, and the natural world…

  • Secular Games (ancient Roman games)

    Secular Games, celebrations held in ancient Rome to mark the commencement of a new saeculum, or generation. The games originated with the Etruscans, who, at the end of a mean period of 100 years (as representing the longest human life in a generation), presented the underworld deities with an

  • Secular Hymn (work by Horace)

    Horace: Life: …17 bc he composed the Secular Hymn (Carmen saeculare) for ancient ceremonies called the Secular Games, which Augustus had revived to provide a solemn, religious sanction for the regime and, in particular, for his moral reforms of the previous year. The hymn was written in a lyric metre, Horace having…

  • secular institute (Roman Catholicism)

    Secular institute, in the Roman Catholic church, a society whose members attempt to attain Christian perfection through the practice of poverty, chastity (celibacy), and obedience and to carry out the work of the church while “living in and of the world,” attending privately to their business or

  • secular parallax (astronomy)

    Milky Way Galaxy: Solar motion calculations from proper motions: …often referred to as the secular parallax. The secular parallax is defined as 0.24h/r, where h is the solar motion in astronomical units per year and r is the mean distance for the solar motion solution.

  • secular perturbation (astronomy)

    celestial mechanics: Examples of perturbations: …time increases is called a secular perturbation. Superposed on the secular perturbation of the longitude of the node are periodic perturbations (periodically changing their direction), which are revealed by the fact that the rate of secular regression of the node is not constant in time. The Sun causes a secular…

  • secular trend (human growth)

    human development: Larger size and earlier maturation: …is known as the “secular trend.” The magnitude of the trend in Europe and America is such that it dwarfs the differences between socioeconomic classes.

  • secular variation (geophysics)

    geomagnetic field: Secular variation of the main field: …with geologic processes are called secular variation. Observations of declination made in London since 1540, for example, show that the direction of the field at that site has nearly completed a full cycle with a peak-to-peak amplitude of 30°. Οther components of the field have been observed for a shorter…

  • secularism (social movement)

    Secularism, any movement in society directed away from otherworldliness to life on earth. In the Middle Ages in Europe there was a strong tendency for religious persons to despise human affairs and to meditate on God and the afterlife. As a reaction to this medieval tendency, secularism, at the

  • Secunda (South Africa)

    Secunda, modern company town (built after 1974), Mpumalanga province, South Africa. It is located about 80 miles (130 km) east of Johannesburg in a region of extensive coal reserves and adequate water supplies, at the site of South Africa’s second and third oil-from-coal extraction plants. Like

  • Secunderābād (cantonment, India)

    Hyderabad: History: Farther north, Secunderabad grew as a British cantonment (military facility), connected to Hyderabad by a bund (embankment) 1 mile (1.6 km) long on Husain Sagar Lake. The bund now serves as a promenade and is the pride of the city. Many new structures, reflecting a beautiful blend…

  • secundum quid, fallacy of (logic)

    fallacy: Material fallacies: …case of the fallacy of secundum quid (more fully: a dicto simpliciter ad dictum secundum quid, which means “from a saying [taken too] simply to a saying according to what [it really is]”—i.e., according to its truth as holding only under special provisos). This fallacy is committed when a general…

  • Secundus of Tigisi (primate of Numidia)

    Donatist: The primate of Numidia, Secundus of Tigisi, who had acquired in the previous 40 years the right of consecrating the bishop of Carthage, arrived in Carthage with 70 bishops and in solemn council declared Caecilian’s election invalid. The council then appointed a reader (lector), Majorinus, to replace Caecilian.

  • secure attachment (psychology)

    human behaviour: Attachment: …caregivers—that between infants who are “securely” attached and those who are “insecurely” attached. Infants with a secure attachment to a parent are less afraid of challenge and unfamiliarity than are those with an insecure attachment.

  • secure landfill (waste disposal)

    hazardous-waste management: Secure landfills: …must be deposited in so-called secure landfills, which provide at least 3 metres (10 feet) of separation between the bottom of the landfill and the underlying bedrock or groundwater table. A secure hazardous-waste landfill must have two impermeable liners and leachate collection systems. The double leachate collection system consists of…

  • secure second strike (nuclear warfare)

    Secure second strike, the ability, after being struck by a nuclear attack, to strike back with nuclear weapons and cause massive damage to the enemy. Secure second strike capability was seen as a key nuclear deterrent during the Cold War. The strategy also partially explained the extraordinarily

  • Securigera varia (plant)

    Crown vetch, (Securigera varia), vigorous trailing plant of the pea family (Fabaceae), widely grown in temperate areas as a ground cover. Crown vetch is native to the Mediterranean region and has naturalized in many places; it is considered an invasive species in parts of the United States. The

  • Securitate (Romanian government organization)

    Romania: Imposition of the Soviet model: The party also established the Securitate, the centrepiece of a vast security network. It dissolved private organizations of all kinds and severely curtailed the ability of churches to perform their spiritual and educational tasks. In their place, and mainly in order to mobilize public opinion, it created mass organizations in…

  • Securities Act (United States [1933])

    due diligence: …example, Section 11 of the Securities Act of 1933 may protect issuers of publicly traded stock from liability for inaccurate statements if they can show they performed adequate due diligence in ascertaining the veracity of those statements. In addition, Chapter 8 of the Federal Sentencing Guidelines allows for the reduction…

  • Securities and Exchange Commission (United States government agency)

    Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), U.S. regulatory commission established by Congress in 1934 after the Senate Committee on Banking and Currency investigated the New York Stock Exchange’s operations. The commission’s purpose was to restore investor confidence by ending misleading sales

  • Securities Exchange Act (United States [1934])

    United States: The first New Deal: The Securities Exchange Act gave the Federal Trade Commission broad new regulatory powers, which in 1934 were passed on to the newly created Securities and Exchange Commission. The Home Owners Loan Act established a corporation that refinanced one of every five mortgages on urban private residences.…

  • securities market (finance)

    Stock exchange, organized market for the sale and purchase of securities such as shares, stocks, and bonds. In most countries the stock exchange has two important functions. As a ready market for securities, it ensures their liquidity and thus encourages people to channel savings into corporate

  • securities trading (finance)

    security: The most common types of securities are stocks and bonds, of which there are many particular kinds designed to meet specialized needs. This article deals mainly with the buying and selling of securities issued by private corporations. (The securities issued by governments are discussed in the article government economic policy.)

  • securitization (finance)

    Securitization, the practice of pooling together various types of debt instruments (assets) such as mortgages and other consumer loans and selling them as bonds to investors. A bond compiled in this way is generally referred to as an asset-backed security (ABS) or collateralized debt obligation

  • security (finance)

    Collateral, a borrower’s pledge to a lender of something specific that is used to secure the repayment of a loan (see credit). The collateral is pledged when the loan contract is signed and serves as protection for the lender. If the borrower ends up not making the agreed-upon principal and

  • security (business economics)

    Security, in business economics, written evidence of ownership conferring the right to receive property not currently in possession of the holder. The most common types of securities are stocks and bonds, of which there are many particular kinds designed to meet specialized needs. This article

  • Security and Co-operation in Europe, Conference on (international organization)

    Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, organization of representatives of virtually all the states of Europe, as well as the United States and Canada, committed to formalizing decisions on important questions affecting the security and stability of the European continent as a whole.

  • Security and Co-operation in Europe, Organization for (international organization)

    Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, organization of representatives of virtually all the states of Europe, as well as the United States and Canada, committed to formalizing decisions on important questions affecting the security and stability of the European continent as a whole.

  • security and protection system (personal and property protection)

    Security and protection system, any of various means or devices designed to guard persons and property against a broad range of hazards, including crime, fire, accidents, espionage, sabotage, subversion, and attack. Most security and protection systems emphasize certain hazards more than others.

  • Security Bank (bank, Owatonna, Minnesota, United States)

    Louis Sullivan: Later work: …Midwestern towns, beginning with the National Farmers’ (now Security) Bank in Owatonna, Minnesota. Sullivan’s work habits had become erratic, and it is known that this particular design is primarily the work of Elmslie. It has a simple cube form pierced on two sides by large arched windows. Its walls of…

  • Security Cooperation, Council for (Asian organization)

    ASEAN Regional Forum: The Council for Security Cooperation in the Asia Pacific, which discusses issues such as preventive diplomacy and confidence-building measures, is an example of second-track diplomacy. The central role of second-track procedures distinguishes ARF from most other international organizations, which generally treat non-official diplomatic measures as residual…

  • Security Council, United Nations

    United Nations Security Council, United Nations (UN) organ whose primary responsibility is the maintenance of international peace and security. The Security Council originally consisted of 11 members—five permanent members (the Republic of China [Taiwan], France, the Soviet Union, the United

  • security dilemma (international relations)

    Security dilemma, in political science, a situation in which actions taken by a state to increase its own security cause reactions from other states, which in turn lead to a decrease rather than an increase in the original state’s security. Some scholars of international relations have argued that

  • security guard (security system)

    security and protection system: Physical security.: Guard-force training, supervision, and motivation are other important aspects of the personnel-administration approach to security. The use of operational personnel to attain security objectives is still another. Examples include engineers, production workers, and clerical staff applying government security regulations for the safeguarding of classified information,…

  • security interest (finance)

    Collateral, a borrower’s pledge to a lender of something specific that is used to secure the repayment of a loan (see credit). The collateral is pledged when the loan contract is signed and serves as protection for the lender. If the borrower ends up not making the agreed-upon principal and

  • Security Is Good, Reconciliation Even Better

    When we look around us, often the world does not feel like a safe place to live in. We are rightly outraged by the ubiquity of violence and war. The reality is, however, that tremendous efforts are being made globally to bring an end to violent conflict; in many places, societies are much safer

  • Security Police (division of SS, Nazi Germany)

    Gestapo: …of a new organization, the Sicherheitspolizei (Sipo; “Security Police”). Under a 1939 SS reorganization, the Sipo was joined with the Sicherheitsdienst, an SS intelligence department, to form the Reichssicherheitshauptamt (“Reich Security Central Office”) under Heydrich. In that bureaucratic maze, the functions of the Gestapo often overlapped with those of other…

  • Security Service (British government)

    MI5, intelligence agency charged with internal security and domestic counterintelligence activities of the United Kingdom. It is authorized to investigate any person or movement that might threaten the country’s security. Although MI5 is responsible for domestic counterespionage, it has no powers

  • Security Service (division of SS, Nazi Germany)

    SS: The RSHA also included the Sicherheitsdienst (SD; Security Service), a security department in charge of foreign and domestic intelligence and espionage.

  • Security Service (Polish government)

    Poland: Police: …mobile paramilitary riot squad—and the Security Service (SB), a secret political police force. In the early 1980s ZOMO played a key role in enforcing martial law and controlling demonstrations. The paramilitary nature of the Policja (“Police”), as they became known after 1990, has diminished.

  • security system (personal and property protection)

    Security and protection system, any of various means or devices designed to guard persons and property against a broad range of hazards, including crime, fire, accidents, espionage, sabotage, subversion, and attack. Most security and protection systems emphasize certain hazards more than others.

  • Security vs. Civil Liberties

    Technology was at the forefront of international efforts to fight Terrorism and bolster security in 2002 in the wake of the terrorist attacks in the U.S. on Sept. 11, 2001. The rush to deploy new technologies and to give law-enforcement officials new investigative powers in cyberspace sparked

  • secutor (gladiator class)

    gladiator: …man”) was matched with the secutor (“pursuer”); the former wore nothing but a short tunic or apron and sought to entangle his pursuer, who was fully armed, with the cast net he carried in his right hand; if successful, he dispatched him with the trident he carried in his left.…

  • Secydianus (king of Persia)

    Darius II Ochus: …throne from his half brother Secydianus (or Sogdianus), whom he then executed. Ochus, who had previously been satrap of Hyrcania, adopted the name of Darius on his accession; he was also known as Nothus (from the Greek nothos, meaning “bastard”). Darius was dominated by eunuchs and by his half sister…

  • Secyon (ancient city, Greece)

    Sicyon, ancient Greek city in the northern Peloponnese about 11 miles (18 km) northwest of Corinth. Inhabited in Mycenaean times and later invaded by Dorians, Sicyon was subject to Argos for several centuries. In the 7th century bc, Sicyonian independence was established by non-Dorian tyrants, t

  • SED (political party, Germany)

    Freier Deutscher Gewerkschaftsbund: Controlled by the Socialist Unity Party, the FDGB was formed shortly after World War II with virtually compulsory membership. With the rapid reduction of private enterprise in the Soviet-occupied zone of Germany, the trade unions dropped their original function of representing the workers’ interests as against the employers’…

  • Sed Festival (Egyptian feast)

    Heb-Sed, one of the oldest feasts of ancient Egypt, celebrated by the king after 30 years of rule and repeated every 3 years thereafter. The festival was in the nature of a jubilee, and it is believed that the ceremonies represented a ritual reenactment of the unification of Egypt, traditionally

  • Sedaine, Michel-Jean (French author)

    Michel-Jean Sedaine, French dramatist who is best known as the author of a fine domestic comedy, Le Philosophe sans le savoir (1765; “The Philosopher Without Knowledge”). The son of a master builder, Sedaine began his career as a stonemason. In 1752 he published a volume of poetry, and his

  • Sedaka, Neil (American singer and songwriter)

    The Brill Building: Assembly-Line Pop: Teen idols Paul Anka, Neil Sedaka (who teamed with Howard Greenfield), Gene Pitney, and Bobby Darin also had careers composing Brill Building pop. On the other hand, Aldon writer King went on to achieve stardom as a singer-songwriter in the 1970s.

  • Sedakova, Olga (Russian author)

    Russia: The 20th century: …meta-metaphoric poetry of Aleksey Parshchikov, Olga Sedakova, Ilya Kutik, and others. The turbulent 1990s were a difficult period for most Russian writers and poets. The publishing industry, adversely affected by the economic downturn, struggled to regain its footing in the conditions of a market economy. Nonetheless, private foundations began awarding…

  • Sedalia (Missouri, United States)

    Sedalia, city, seat of Pettis county, west-central Missouri, U.S., 75 miles (121 km) east-southeast of Kansas City. Established in 1857 by George R. Smith and originally named Sedville for his daughter Sarah (nicknamed Sed), it developed along the Missouri Pacific Railroad right-of-way. It became a

  • Sedan (France)

    Sedan, town, Ardennes département, Grand Est région, northeastern France. Sedan is situated 9 miles (14 km) southwest of the Belgian frontier. It lies on the right bank of the Meuse River along a loop in the river in a depression between two ridges. Sedan was the scene of a French military disaster

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